Henry VIII
December 1545, 6-15

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1907

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'Henry VIII: December 1545, 6-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2: August-December 1545 (1907), pp. 471-488. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80435 Date accessed: 23 October 2014.


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December 1545, 6-15

6 Dec.945. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 283.
Meeting at Westminster, 6 Dec. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal, Hertford, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler, Riche. Business:—Letters addressed to Deputy of Calais not, without special licence, to permit Flemings to pass by Calais with victual into France, and to advertise why he has lately licensed 4 or 5 Flemings so to pass. Sir John Gresham had warrant to Williams for 300l. in prest for freight and carriage of a great quantity of the King's lead from the North to London. Letters to the sheriffs and to the presidents at York and in Wales to order collectors of the Subsidy to bring the last payment to the Exchequer before Christmas. Upon suit by the wife of Rede, the alderman, now prisoner in Scotland, to have Patrick Hume exchanged for her husband, offering to pay money in lieu of Hume's ransom, Hume was brought from the Tower and, "after a general declaration of his cruelty to Englishmen, and namely the murdering of Sir Brian Layton, late captain of Norham," the King's clemency was declared to him for his return into Scotland upon procuring Rede's return; and so he was committed to the conduct of Captain Croche, and letters written to the Warden of the Middle March not to suffer him to enter Scotland till Rede was delivered. Letters written to Sir Roger Townesende and Robert Holdiche to aid Sir John Jerningham and Osberd Mountforth in their commission for provision of grain.
6 Dec.946. The Privy Council to Paget.
R. O.Understanding by Paget's letters of the 4th inst. that Sturmius, at his going to the French king for full instruction, desired that Paget should likewise be fully instructed touching his overtures, the King has commanded the writers to signify that there being two several overtures, one by Sturmius and the other by Brewno, his Majesty sent two several letters for answer, the later of which does not seem to have arrived when Paget wrote. He must confer them together and, if anything seems to need more ample declaration, refer hither again.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.: M. to Mr. Secretary Mr. Paget, vjo Decembris 1545.
6 Dec.947. Otwell Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O.6 Dec. 1545:—John Lewsone will not be in London until ready to pass over sea, as he "is chosen assistente for the next quarter," and Thomas Lawley, who rides down shortly, would not convey a message in time to serve you. Wool matters with Jane Rawe, the Haesborowe woman, Mr. Cave and Mr. Leigh. Pray send word when B. Warner will be here.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calleis. Endd.: "Not aunsweryd but by mowth, &c."
7 Dec.948. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 284.
Meeting at Westminster, 7 Dec. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal, Hertford, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler, Riche. Business:—Warrant to the Exchequer for 2,000l. to be paid upon letters of the bp. of Winchester, Sir Ric. Riche, Sir Ant. Rous and Mr. Rither for victuals for Calais and Bologne.
7 Dec.949. Sabyne Johnson to her Husband, John Johnson.
R. O.Glapthorne, 7 Dec. 1545:—Desires him to make all speed home before St. Thomas' Day when the parson and Walkecar will seek to receive all they can, "as wool and lamb, hay and all other thing." If he is not home, she intends going to Mr. Brudenell's or to Polbroke to avoid them. Will tell him their lying report of him and his brother. Asks him to bring a grey coney skin of the largest, to line a "stomager." Sends 1½ doz. of "as good blacke byrdes as ever you had."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at London.
7 Dec.950. Surrey to Henry VIII.
R. O.
Nott's
Howard, 186.
According to my "formall advertisement," lord Graye, upon my message, assembled such horsemen as so short warning would suffer, viz. 300, and arrived here with Mr. Pollarde on Saturday (fn. 1) at 11 p.m., after a painful journey because of bitter weather and lack of horsemeat. I beg that he may have thanks. We resolved to attempt nothing at present, as "their" horsemen were increased to 1,000 and "their" Almaynes all encamped in the wood beyond Hardelow, and such carts of victuals as they could spare put into the fortress on Friday at full sea. Upon Saturday night they laid 1,000 men at Porthill to receive the victuals from Diepe, but Mr. Cotton, vice-admiral, by direction from hence, lying off Some Hedd, descried them "a 40 sail, and, making with them, the men of war that was their conductors fled first, the victuallers escaped into Some, saving seven that were passed by, which were taken." Six of these are laden with meal and salt beef, and the other with wine; and they are devised for the revictualment of this fortress by Porthill, being of great stowage and drawing "but three foot water." Begs that Cotton may have thanks for, by this service, the French horsemen and footmen are ruined with the extreme weather and their purpose disappointed. Describes how, on Sunday night, fearing that carts might be sent to Monstruell for more victual, he laid an ambush at St. Estiens and towards Hardelow, and afterwards tried to draw out the enemy; but they, upon news of the taking of their ships, withdrew their whole camp towards Monstruell, chafed yet "well acold." Keeps the prizes, save that of wine, for the revictualling of this town. They will be useful, as each may carry 140 men. The King might provide such for revictualling this town from Calais as they are made to steal along the shore. Evidently it will need an army by sea and land to revictual this fortress by Porthill. Sir Thomas Palmer and Sir Thomas Wyat (whom the King has framed to such knowledge in war that he has few "of their havour and youth" like them, "both for their hardiness, painfulness, circumspection and natural disposition to the war") desire to repair into England for private affairs, and the writer begs credence for them concerning the wars on this side the sea. Bouloyne, 7 Dec. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
8 Dec.951. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 285.
Meeting at Westminster, 8 Dec. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler, Riche. Business:—Warrant to Treasurer of the Chamber to deliver 40s. to Holland, Paget's servant, for conveyance of letters to Calais, and 10l. to Captain Crouche to convey Patrick Hume to the Borders; and another warrant to pay Petre de Andreas and Symone de Maryne, Venetians, 40 mks. in reward for their pains about the weighing of the Mary Rose. Letters addressed to wardens of East and Middle Marches for their opinion as to placing the 300 Clevoys at Norham and Warke, and the Spanish crews under Gamboa at Anwike, Warkworth, Bamburgh, Berwyke and thereabouts, and for their certificate what victuals and horsemeat are there; and to Wharton to advertise whether it is meet to have some of the said Spanish harkebusiers at Carlisle. Warrant to Treasurer of the Chamber to deliver l,000l. to Ant. Brakenburye, for John Uvedale to pay garrison and other charges in the North; and also like warrants to the Receiver of the Wards for 1 ,000l. and to the Treasurer of the Exchequer for 2,000l., and 40l. for conveyance of the said 4,000l. Letter to John Fletcher, mayor of Rye, to examine certain witnesses upon certain interrogatories and send up Andrew Churche and John Blakey in pursuance of the letters of Sir Roger Cholmeley, chief Baron, Sir John Gresham and Sir Rol. Hill, Commissioners to hear a matter between Churche and Blakey and Dego de Astodillo as to their prize of a ship called the Nonne of Penmarke.
8 Dec.
[1544.]
952. The Privy Council to Sir Edw. North, Chancellor of the Augmentations. (fn. 2)
Howard's
Letters, 195
Desire him to receive "the Lord Grey's bill for the lands granted by the King's Majesty unto him and his heirs males, in such sort as he may enjoy the profits from the 23rd day of February last past, which was the day of his creation." Westm., 8 Dec. 1545. Signed: T. Wriothesley, Cancel. Suffolk, J. Russell, T. Norffolk, Tho. Westmorland, E. Hertford, Tho. North, L. K., Wm. Paget.
8 Dec.953. Paget to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 760.
Has received his letters of the 4th inst. signifying his pleasure for certain overtures in this affair; and applauds, at great length, his wisdom and magnanimity therein, whereby both Kings' honors shall be unimpaired and their realms brought to certain quietness. Tomorrow or next day Sturmius is expected. Calais, 8 Dec. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
8 Dec.954. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Answers to Petre's sundry letters that, on conferring the King's last letters with "those togethers which were dated the 29th of the last month," he can find no resolution upon the overture made by Sturmius and Laplanche, which Sturmius so pressed him to write to the King. Nor have you signified whether we shall go to Ardre if the French commissioners will not come to Calais or Guisnes first, "for surely I think it not meet to go first to them."
Order shall be taken for placing the crews here without the King's further charge. Wootton's account is so raw that we cannot yet tell how the King stands with his soldiers. Sir Edward Wootton, Mr. Man and I "sit at it till we be weary, and specially I that am the veriest ass that can be in matters of account." Of the money delivered to John Wootton there is not a groat left, and yet 500 or 600 of the Englishmen not discharged. It is to be remembered that the despatch of the crews will ask more than was delivered, because for the enterprise of the new fort they served a month longer, not being discharged until about 20 Nov. although their month ended on 25 or 26 Oct.; and therefore 3,000l. or 4,000l. more must be sent for the riddance of the whole, and I have borrowed 500l. to be repaid in London, wherein pray move the King for my discharge.
"I send unto you a calf which Mr. Hall wrote me the last week in a letter, whereby you may perceive what practice was used rather by other men for the corruption of Reiffenburgh than by such as was suspected. Mr. Phane is of opinion that all togethers was not without th'Emperor's counsel." Calais, 8 Dec., at night late. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand.—Begs him to recommend Bastyen the trucheman to the King, who was interpreter to the Dutchmen last year at Bullen in the King's tent, and also at Westminster Palace, and is the best interpreter that Paget ever heard. He left his own "trade of occupying" to serve the King in this war, as Paget and my lord of Suffolk knew; and Mr. Vane and the other commissioners know how dangerously he served in this last journey. The King gives to some 200cr. and to some 300cr. pension who have not deserved so well. Pray be a solicitor for him, and also help another poor man called Lucas who has served truly.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O.2. Jaspaer van Weade, the bp. of Coleyn's brother's son, wrote last week to Younkker Charles, who served in England all last summer, that George van Ryckrode, that served the French king these two or three years as coronell of eight ensigns of Allmyns, and the French commissary at Covelyns "had compacted with Ryffenberge, at the said Covelyns, before our setting forward, that he should not enter and invade and endommage any part of the French dominion"; and therefore the French spy taken at Flewryn spoke of budgets of gold out of France distributed in our camp. Also that George van Ryckrode has bespoken, in the bprics. of Mens and Tryre and in the Palgrave's lands, 24 ensigns to be ready against the beginning of Lent next if the King and the French king were not at peace or truce before.
In Francis Hall's hand, p. 1.
8 Dec.955. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Pray send for the executors of Sir John Allen and cause them to deliver to Wm. Gray the part of the moveables appointed to my boy Christopher Allen, taking surety of Gray for their redelivery to me at my said boy's full age. Be earnest with them, and tell Gray that I have written for it. "Praying you further to send for our fees that lie in the Hanaper since Michaelmas, and in all other offices, and deliver my part to my wife." Calays, 8 Dec. 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
8 Dec.956. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.Arrived at Calles on the 6th inst. with the King's jewels and is advised by Sir Wm. Paget not to transport them until some of the King's ships are appointed for their wafting. Will then pass over and bring them to him. Calles, 8 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
957. Vaughan's Account
R. O.Of money received and paid by him in Antwerp, viz.:—
Charge:—Exchange made by my lord Chancellor with the house of Antony Bonvice for conduct money of Riffenbergh's footmen, 5,500l. Fl. Bargain with the Fowker (whereof I received in jewels 12,666l. 13s. 4d., in ready money 82,333l. 6s. 8d., and caused the Fowker to pay Jasper Dowche for recompense of herrings, 5,000l.) 100,000l. Fl. Exchange made by my lord Chancellor with Bonvyce and Ancelyn Salvage of 18,000l. Fl., "provysions, couratage and interestes deduct," 16,896l. 12s. Taken up of Jasper Dowche by exchange, to be repaid in London, 6,000l. Fl. Exchange made by my lord Chancellor with Sir John Gresham, alderman, 533l. 6s. 8d. Fl.
Total 128,929l. 18s. 8d. Fl.
ii. Money paid and jewels which I, Stephen Vaughan, presently carry into England to be delivered to the King:—To Henryk van Habershuzen, captain of the Duke of Lowenbergh of Saxonye (1,000 carolus gilderns) 166l. 13s. 4d. Fl. To Riffenbergh 5,500l. To the Commissaries appointed generals and leaders of the army of Almeyns," at sundry times, 71,339l. 13s. 6d. To Thomas Gresham, of London, mercer, 31,827l. 9s. 11d. To my lord of Winchester, to be repaid in England, 1,266l. 13s. 4d. To Jasper Dowche, recompense of herring, 5,000l.; brokerage of 210,000 cr. received by emprunture of sundry merchants of Antwerp in 1544, at ½ per cent., 300l.; brokerage for driving a bargain with the Fowker of 100,000l., at ½ per cent., 500l. Despatch of posts to Calles and elsewhere, and for chests, bags, books and other things, 60l. I carry with me the "jewels following" received of the Fowker for 40,000 cr., 12,666l. 13s. 4d. Delivered to Sir Edw. Wotton, treasurer of Calles, 105l. 2s. 8d. Paid for 5 firkins to put the Fowker's money in and for a wagon to bring it to my lodging 12s.; "for 3 cases to put the said jewels in, for cotton 'searyng' of the said cases, and for a hogshead, mats, canvas, ropes and trussing and binding of the same" 23s. 4d.; and for wagon hire from Andwerp to Calles and other charges, 4l.
Total 128,738l. 17d. Signed: per me, Stephen Vaughan.
In Vaughan's hand, pp. 5. Endd.: "A declaration of money received by Mr. Vaughan in Andwerp and paid by the same over again; with a note also of certain jewels by him brought into England."
8 Dec.958. J. Dymocke to Paget.
R. O.Writes in favour of the bearers, two servants of the duke of Lowenborch, who carry a letter to the King and certain instructions to be declared by mouth. Makes many apologies for writing, which he could not well avoid doing, as both the bearers were present when he was with the said Duke at Rosborch. One of them, Laurence Massowe, was a captain under Peter van Gelder, and spent all he had in keeping those men together, so that he is now constrained to enter the Duke's service. Good words given to them now may assist any of the King's servants sent into those parts hereafter. In haste, 8 Dec. 1545, at Andwarpp.
P.S.—Has received a letter from his wife "for to buy her a certain stuff," and that done he will come home.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: at Calys. Endd.
9 Dec.959. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 286.
Meeting at Westminster, 9 Dec. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler, Riche. Business:—Letters addressed to Sir Richard Cholmeley, of Wytbye, Yorks., to deliver to Nic. Hogendorpe, Fleming, a certain cogship, etc., as advertised by letters of Ric. Varneham, the Deputy and Council and Mayor and Aldermen of Calais having adjudged it "no lawful prize of the said Varneham." Passport to Symone Gylle, Frenchman, to return home for his ransom. Letter in French to Gamboa to entertain Hans Skone, Johan de la Forest and Symon de la Place, Frenchmen, in service under him as hacbuttiers; also warrant to Uvedale for their pay. Warrant to Treasurer of the Tenth to deliver l,000l. to Sir Ant. Knevet for ordnance and munition for the store in the Tower; also to customers, etc., of London to permit Giles Harryson and John Henryson to unlade 50 tuns of wine, "to be accounted parcel of a licence to be signed by the King's Majesty at his Grace's convenient opportunity." Recognizance (cited) of Dominico Erizo, merchant, Venetian (who has grant dated Windsor 8 Nov. 37 Hen. VIII. to levy 1,200l. due for wares delivered to the King's use out of the custom and subsidy of such merchandise as he imports and exports, reckoned according to the King's proclamation of 30 Hen. VIII.) to reckon the said custom and subsidy at the rate of the said proclamation. (fn. 3)
[9 Dec.]960. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.This day, at mine arrival at Dover from the fairest passage that ever men had, Mr. Gresham told me that letters were sent from the Council "to me with great diligence." If it be some advice for money, I have it not, having left what I had with Mr. Chamberleyn, to whom please write for its conveyance to Calles. Canterbury, this present Wensdaye.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: —— (blank) Decembr. 1545.
9 Dec.961. T. Chamberlayn to the Council.
R. O.By last letters the Council ordered his colleagues to return home and him to remain here to answer Riffenberghe and others, and claim the money of which they enforced payment contrary to their covenants; but as yet he hears of none of them. Has instructed my lord of Westminster, in case they appear before the Emperor "while he is now going upwards"; but, if necessary, will himself follow. Will send the ordnance to Calles when he can get shipping. Would know the King's pleasure as to the 6,000l. and odd remaining in his hands. It is in sundry kinds of money not current at home. Andwarpe, 9 Dec. 1545.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
9 Dec.962. T. Chamberlayn to Paget.
R. O.Wrote yesterday by Mr. Hall, forwarding letters delivered by Peter van de Wale. There is news among the merchants strangers that the French prepare ships. One of the Bonbargnes of this town showed Mr. Dymocke that his factor at Roan wrote "that there they will grant to no more restitution but one of the ships of this town that they took at the sea of late, saying that the rest they do arm and rig forth to the sea, and that if they can take any more Flemings' ships hereafter they will take them for good prize; wherefore he adviseth to arrest the Frenchmen's herrings that they have bought here, or else, he saith, there will be no recovery." Is commanded to remain here to answer Riffenberghe, who had the Emperor's safeconduct sent him more than 20 days past. Wishes that the King would earnestly pursue justice against him for his false dealing "which here every man speaketh of." Is drawing out the reckonings with him and the declaration of his proceedings with "us, the King's Mates Commissaries,"—to be sent to my lords of Winchester and Westminster in case he come to the Emperor in the high country. This to save the cost of the writer's going thither. Wishes that Paget may finish his business there shortly; and begs him to get leave for the writer to wait upon him home. "Upon good hope that I have ye shall shortly finish your business as ye desire, and so to go keep your Christmas with my lady, I have sent her an ame of Renishe wine, which after my taste I think ye will not mislike." Andwarpe, 9 Dec. 1545.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
9 Dec.963. T. Chamberlayn to Petre.
R. O.Repeats the effect of his letter to the Council (No. 961), as to Riffenbergh, the ordnance and the money, and the news of French preparations in that to Paget (No. 962). Certain Scottish ships are in Zeeland, and there suffered to traffic quietly. Andwarpe, 9 Dec. 1545.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
9 Dec.964. Venice.
Venetian
Calendar
(Brown),
No. 366.
Renewed motion in the Council of Ten and Junta to grant safeconduct to Ludovico da l'Armi. Passed on a second ballot, though an amendment for its delay had been made by Francesco Venier on the plea that a person is expected from England on this account.
10 Dec.965. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 288.
Meeting at Westminster, 10 Dec. Present: Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Riche. Business: Warrant to Treasurer of Augmentations to deliver in prest to Mr. Wynter 100l. to be paid on account to an "Aragusey" for the service of his ship this summer. Recognisance (cited) of John Deye, jun., merchant of Weveton, Norf., to convey at his own cost, before 1 March next, out of Norfolk to Boulogne 260 qr. of good malt, not taken out of the King's store of grain already purveyed in Norfolk. Letter to Deputy and Council of Calais that much victual, and especially butter and cheese, is reported to be daily conveyed thence into outward parts; requiring them to punish such attempts, and to send a view of all grain, butter and cheese arrived there since Michaelmas, and a declaration of provision necessary for the town. Mr. Husey, Norfolk's treasurer, and Mr. Lewkenour, one of his gentlemen, examined of a fray between them this day behind the old palace at Totehille, arising out of certain words "for a question of playing at Primero at Domyngo's house." As the matter was aggravated by the place being so near the Palace, and Parliament then sitting, both were committed to the Fleet.
10 Dec.966. Doge Francesco Donato to Henry VIII.
Venetian
Calendar
(Brown),
No. 367.
Received his letter urging recall of Ludovico da l'Armi from exile and his ambassador discoursed therein very prudently. The death of the late Doge delayed the answer, but now, out of regard for the King, he permits the said Ludovico to return to Venice and reside in these dominions for five years. The Secretary, Giacomo Zambon, will tell particulars and assure his Majesty of the constant friendship of the Republic.
10 Dec.967. The Council of Ten to Giacomo Zambon, Venetian Secretary in England.
Venetian
Calendar
(Brown),
No. 368.
Received the King of England's letter for the release of Ludovico da l'Armi and also Zambon's of 1, 3, 10, 19 and 31 Oct., showing what he has done therein with the Lord Chancellor and Secretary Paget. The Council of Ten and Junta yesterday, to gratify the King, approved a safeconduct to the said Ludovico for five years. Zambon must apologize to the King for the delay, which was due to the death of the Doge's predecessor, and intimate this resolution. To the lord Chancellor he must perform the same office, with thanks for affection shown to this State. If it be objected that five years is too short, he must answer that by the Republic's laws such safeconduct cannot be granted for longer.
11 Dec.968. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 289.
Meeting at Westminster, 11 Dec. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Riche. Business:—Recognisance of Nic. Barker of Aylsham, Norf., who has provided in Norfolk 700 qr. of grain for provision of the marquis of Dorset's household, to deliver it to that use and not during the wars engross or regrate any grain within the said shire. Recognisance of Thos. Androwes, of Gressham, Norf., reported by Osbert Mountforthe, purveyor of grain to the King, to be a common regrator of grain, and, having at present 700 qr. which the King requires for Calais and Boulogne, to be ready to deliver it at Mountforthe's order.
11 Dec.969. Henry VIII. to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., x. 761.
Has answered the two several overtures for peace with France, proponed by Sturmius and Brewno, by two sundry letters to Paget. Understanding that Sturmius, before going to the French king, pressed Paget to write of his overture, signifies now that the condition touched by Brewno seems preferable to those declared by Sturmius, provided that Ardre and the county of Guisnes come therewith, and as much as possible of the pension is saved, or altered to salt, wine, woad and canvas. In debating it, he must endeavour to induce them to renounce the Scots, alleging, besides other considerations, that, as he reckons, the treaty with the Emperor is already renewed and reinforced, whereby the Emperor must declare himself enemy if they aid the Scots. If they show themselves willing to come to any good appointment, he shall proceed by degrees as in Henry's former letters.
But if they will not be persuaded to Brewno's overtures, and will know the answer to those of Sturmius, he shall, with the arrears and the expenses of the war and of the defence of Bulloyn and Bullonoys, claim such a great sum, at such days, as shall seem impossible to be paid, and say that Henry will accept Bulloyn, Bullonoys, Ardre and the county of Guisnes, as pledges for its payment, reserving the pensions (with hostages for their payment, and one year's payment at least to be delivered upon the conclusion of this league).
As to the place of meeting, if they seem to proceed bona fide, he need not use overmuch courtesy, but may meet the French commissioners at Ardre if they will come again to him at Callys. From the Protestants' commissioners he shall, according to Sturmius's saying, endeavour to get a promise that their masters shall within one year labour to obtain for Henry and his heirs a clear acquittal of Bulloyn and Bullonoys, Ardre and Guisnes. If they say that they have no commission to make such a promise he shall agree to go through with Sturmius's overtures, provided that, within two months after their return, they get their princes' said promise in writing. If at Sturmius's return his overtures are communicated to the French ambassadors (of whom Henry marvels that Paget bears nothing), Paget shall open as much to his colleagues, that they may join with him in debating and concluding this matter. Any other overtures or doubts are to be signified hither; and, before conclusion, Henry must be advertised of the points whereon they agree.
Draft, corrected by Petre, pp. 10. Endd.: M. to Mr. Secretary, Mr. Paget, xjo Decembris 1545.
Calig. E. iv.,
123.
B. M.
2. The letter of which the preceding is a draft. Dated Westminster, 11 December [37] Hen. VIII.
Mutilated, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
11 Dec.970. The Privy Council to Surrey.
[The letter printed in Nott's Howard, 196, though dated by an endorsement 11 Dec. 1545, would appear to have been written on the 11 January following.]
11 Dec.971. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Being informed of a great fleet of hoys and other vessels departing from Flanders with herrings for France, contrary to the covenant made when he was at Brucelles and to the Emperor's proclamations, caused the King's ships of war to restrain as many as they could. Thereupon, advertisement being given to the Court from Dover, a letter is written to Mr. Wingfeld and Mr. Gresham (of which Paget received a copy), to suffer the said hoys to depart because they "are no forfeiture to us." That is true, "except we would do as they do in France, confisk both herrings and ships and make the mariners believe they should pay ransom"; but it is not expedient so to suffer the covenant to be annulled. It were better to discharge and sell (the best at 7l. the last) as many of the herrings as are required in England, and take sureties for the return of the rest to Flanders or to some other part of England; and then advertise your ambassadors with the Emperor of the names of the owners, both of herrings and ships, offering the Emperor the money levied by the sale as his forfeit and requiring him to take as forfeit the rest that return home. And you must desire the Emperor to give no licences (as he has given to some) to carry victuals and munition into France. "His gentle officers on the frontiers towards us here will not suffer so much as an egg, a chicken, or a sparrow to come hither." Pray let me know what is done therein, that like order may be followed here.
Sturmius is looked for at Ardres tonight. The cause of his demore is the French king's removal to Paris. If things "come well to pass" we shall not return over this year. Calays, 11 Dec. 1545.
The King's pleasure herein must be signified to Dover, where I have required them to stay the herrings until they hear again from the King or Council. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
11 Dec.972. Sleidan to Henry VIII.
R. O.Since our Princes and States think that the difference between your Majesty and the King of France ought by all means to be settled, it does not seem amiss for me, apart from the affair in which we are engaged, to write privately to your Majesty. Henry after a long reign of peace was led into war by an impious league and, now the cause of war is extinct, those who formerly hurled invectives at each other now openly profess themselves brothers, so that it behoves him also to extricate himself from war, and as one of those who, by Henry's permission and the command of their Princes and States, have dealt with this matter, the writer knows the difficulty of reconcilation. Proceeds at some length to point out that, as Helen caused a conflagration in Asia, so Milan has caused the calamity of Christendom, and that Christianity invites the Kings to peace. Their strife is a pleasant spectacle to the Bishop of Rome, concerning whom the predictions of Scripture are now being fulfilled. Exhorts Henry to find some means of peace. Longs for the day when the same doctrine shall pervade England, France and Germany. Paget will have declared [his views?]. Calais, 11 Dec. 1545.
Lat. Hol., pp. 7. Much mutilated. Add. Endd.
11 Dec.973. Sleidan to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 764.
The Confederate Protestant princes and states have commanded him to write the history of the renovated religion from the year 1517 when Pope Leo flooded Germany with indulgences, and will provide him with material from their chanceries for describing the councils of the Empire. As England has ejected the Papacy he must mention that, but wishes to publish nothing that is not proved, and only with the King's consent. Has seen Paget upon the matter. Any writings which the King may permit to be published, it would be well to recite. Has finished the first book and will send a copy on his return to Germany. Calais, 11 Dec. 1545.
Lat. Hol., pp. 2. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.
12 Dec.974. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 291.
Meeting at Westminster, 12 Dec. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal, Hertford, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Riche. Business: —Warrant to Treasurer of Augmentations to deliver 56l. to Wm. Greye for the keepers of the King's privy boats. In the controversy between Sir John Gage, comptroller, and Nic. Pelham as to the course of the common sewer "between the Marebrokes of Firley and Glynde Park," Suss., the Council enforced the order (cited, affecting the lordships of Heighton and Laughton) taken heretofore by John Sakevile, Thos. Darrell, Ric. Sakevile, John Parker, Robt. Oxenbrige, Wm. Waller, Ant. Pelham and John Thatcher.
12 Dec.975. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Bearer having been all day traversing the seas for passage and being returned hither, Paget signifies that, this day, he has two sundry advertisements that the French king prepares galleys and ships to the seas. Prays him to advertise the King of this. Sent word to-day to Brewno marvelling what Sturmius means by tarrying, and added that he was loth to lose time here. Brewno answered that yesterday was the day for his return, and though he missed a day or two it would be for the best. Cales, 12 Dec., late in the night, 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
12 Dec.976. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Sends a letter from Ludovico de Larmi, who apparently thinks himself cast out at the cart's tail. Would wish that he had good words, which need not cost money, as a man able to trouble a world for the advancement of the King's affairs; for "he hath a vengeable wit and naturally disposed to work mysteries, and such a man, in such a time specially, is to be cherished. You see we keep a great horse in the stable with great charge to serve for a day." If the King need strangers next year, Italians are most to be trusted; but, taking the way which his "divine prudence" devised, he shall not need great armies. I mean, the preparing of such vessels as the Anne Gallant and the Maistres to encounter their galleys, victualling Bulloyn now from the furthest parts, and keeping Kent, Essex and Sussex ready with victual, when the pride of the enemy shall be on the seas, to be shoved over at once, with 4,000 or 5,000 men, when the enemy shall be scattered by storms, to "light in their necks." Would not that one jot should be slacked in victualling or preparation of ships for any hopes gathered of the talks here. "You see how careful they are for the victualling of their new fort; which we hope shall come to our hands, and yet they handle the thing so as though they meant nothing less. Victuals would be sent with diligence to Bulloyn, for they have no great store there, and if there should chance any great frosts, and thereupon great calms, whereby the galleys (which undoubtedly they rig forth out of the Seyne) should have commodity to empeach your victualling, it might at the least be some trouble to them at Bulloyn." It is a satisfaction that the King himself thinks on this matter when others wake not. Cales, 12 Dec. 1545.
Sleydanus prayed him to send these two letters to the King. Believes that they are "perswasoryes to the pe[ace]."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
12 Dec.977. Gardiner, Thirlby and Carne to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., x. 765.
Desire him to certify the King, to whom they have nothing worthy a letter, that they arrived here on Thursday night, (fn. 4) when all were to meet here, but the Emperor is delayed by gout and will be here on Tuesday. Skepperus is not yet come, but here are the Queen, Prate and Grandvela. Spoke today with Grandvela, who seemed desirous to go through with the matter and told a long story of the manner of taking peace with France and expediency of the amity with England, saying that although his lands lie in Bourgoigne, out of danger, he must confess the amity of England to be desirable for this country; adding that the French have their eye on both, and that to relieve the griefs of these countrymen "there wanteth only th'execution of that we say we will do"; both princes are mortal and the Emperor, although younger in years, "hath that maketh him elder." Took opportunity to propone the bonds of towns and noblemen; which he misliked not, but said that Skepperus would be here tonight or tomorrow, and they might then "come to a point in this matter of eclarishement, and give us answer in the matter of the marriage also." Will proceed as instructed, notwithstanding "any private pleasure of return of me, the bishop of Winchester." Are instructed from home to deny the request for a clause that as to merchants' matters all shall be done as has been agreed, but it might be considered whether that is worthy to stay the obtaining of the rest. Probably it is so much spoken of because this country will pay for any relief obtained. Are sending back this bearer, of Calays, and keeping Francisco to return with better matter.
Grandvela told us how their ambassador in France advertises them that the Protestants are returned to the French court re infeeta, and the French king dismisses them into Germany with great cheer, practising to have some men from thence. Have spread abroad his news from Bolen. Utrike, 12 Dec.
Skepperus is come. Signed.
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
13 Dec.978. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 292.
Meeting at Westminster, 13 Dec. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Riche. Business:—Upon letters from Calais in favour of one Donne to have the order of victuals there vice Vincent Mondy, letters were written to Deputy and Council to admit him, and allow him 6s. 8d. a day for himself and two clerks. Letter to Dr. Oliver and Mr. Mason to examine and report upon the dispute between Emerson and the French merchants, his partners in the safeconducts. Settlement (detailed) of a dispute between Thos. Derbye, farmer of the King's manor of Horton, and John Dackam, farmer of the demesnes there.
979. Cardinal Pole to Paul III.
Poli Epp.,
iv. 34.
Venetian
Calendar
(Brown),
No. 369.
The joint letters of himself and his colleagues to Cardinal Farnese testify to their common joy in congratulating his Holiness on the opening of the Council at a time when the affairs of the Church seemed otherwise past remedy. Pole, who owes all to the Pope, cannot refrain from testifying his own delight by a private letter; which is all the greater as he felt the ignominy with which they, who were gathered here by the Pope's authority to celebrate it, were branded when their detractors said in the words of Isaiah "Filii venerunt ad partum et non est virtus ad pariendum." Now that the gates of the Council are opened that reproach of sterility will be taken from the Church.
Latin.
14 Dec.980. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 293.
Meeting at Westminster, 14 Dec. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Great Master, Privy Seal, Hertford, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler, Riche. Business:—Warrant to Treasurer of Augmentations to deliver 20l. to Ric. Pokoke, of Hampton, for his charges upon the Kyte of Harflew, "one of the prizes appointed to be sunk at Bulloigne." Letters "of appearance" to Thos. Wyndam touching Miranda the Spaniard's matter; and to John Whitehorne and Wm. Webbe, of Exceter, to bring with them money delivered to Webbe by Henry Alveros, suspected to be a Jew. Warrant to Mr. Stephen Vaughan to deliver to Treasurer of Calais 4,000l. of the money taken up by exchange at Antwerp. Letter to Mr. Secretary Paget "to the same effect, and for not cassing of the Albanoys till further determination"; also to Sir Ric. Suthewel, at Bulloigne, for the not cassing of the Albanoys. The King's pleasure signified to the Court of Survey for the "new stallacion" of Ric. Potter's debt, viz. 100l. at Lady Day next, and 200 mks, yearly afterwards. Letter to Osbert Mountforth, purveyor, to permit Nic. Barker to execute his bargain of grain with the Marquis Dorcett; enclosing copies of his recognisance and those of Deye and Androwes. Letter to Chancellor of Augmentations in favour of — Graham, Borderer, for the appointing of lands to the yearly value of 20 mks. which the King gave him for resigning Robert Maxwell and two other Scottish prisoners, and for his purchase of "20 nobles more land by year."
*** Next entry is 20 Dec.
14 Dec.981. The Privy Council to Vaughan.
R. O.Of such money as be last took up by exchange at Andwerpe for payment of the Allemaignes, and of which he wrote that a good portion remained in his hands, 4,000l. st. is to be delivered by indenture to Sir Edward Wotton, treasurer of Calays. Westm., 14 Dec. 1545. Signed by Wriothesley, Norfolk, St. John, Russell, Hertford, Essex and Lisle.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
14 Dec.982. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Has received the King's letters of the 11th, with others from Petre. Sturmius is not yet returned; whereat I marvel, and so do his colleagues." Perceiving that the President, whom the Protestants repute a favourer of their part, is privy to the practice between us, I have, because my lord of Durham is of the Privy Council, communicated the same to him, albeit the Protestants required the contrary. With the French commissioners we only exchange commendations, and think that we "shall serve only for the making up of the matter one way or the other."
Hitherto I have had no news except by my lord Deputy's espials, but yesterday I sent one to Newhaven and Diepe, and today another to the French Court. Pray "cause Hunnyng or Chaloner to send me part of your news of my lord of Lynoux, of the North, of the Parliament, and whether the same shall be prorogued or dissolved." Wishes an act were passed to give his Majesty general authority to order all jurisdictions, laws, etc., ecclesiastical, who, in return, might greatly relieve his subjects by dissolving Parliament. Would know where the King will keep Christmas, and what is done about his (Paget's) chamber at Westminster. Thank my lord Privy Seal and the Master of the Horse for their gentle remembrance, and commend me to them again. Cales, 14 Dec. 1545, at noon, "for the wind hath kept this bearer back these two days past."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
14 Dec.983. Mont to Paget.
R. O.Bucler will certify what he and Mont have done here. Will endeavour to learn what the Protestants appoint in this Diet of Franckford, and, as soon as the Emperor comes to Ratisbon, will repair to the King's ambassador, the bp. of Westminster, to certify what shall be done there. At Paget's leisure, would be glad of some indication of the King's pleasure. Meanwhile any message for him may be given to Peter von die Whale, who always knows where he is; but he now thinks to withdraw towards Strasburg. Bucler will give the news, to whom he begs commendations, and also to Paget's colleague Dr. Peter. Maguntie, ad quartum decimum Decemb. anno 1545.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Dec.984. Paget to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 768.
Yesternight Sturmius arrived from the French Court, and, coming at once to Paget, talked first of the news of France, the return of the Admiral and his colleagues (of whom Bayard is gone home), the late attempted surprise of Turin and the Emperor's sending Gooseman with excuses to the French king in that behalf, and how the Cardinal of Scotland's coming was delayed by the siege of a castle of a Scottish baron that was revolted to Henry, from whom two castles had been recovered. Answered by declaring the taking of lord Maxwell and "good doings" of him and his son, and how he delivered a certain peel to a servant of Henry's who found no munition therein and decided to abandon it, which was done three weeks before Paget left England, and he thought that the Cardinal never meant to come; and Paget declared the late distress of the French ships bringing victual to their new fort and the honest enterprise upon Estaples (of which Sturmius said that the French made light).
Sturmius then delivered commendations from Madame Destampes and the Queen of Navarre, and would tell what he had done with the French king if Paget would promise, 1, to keep it secret from all but his master, 2, to say whether his master will like it, and 3, if not, to devise some other means. Paget promised; and gives the subsequent dialogue verbatim, in which Sturmius said that he had persuaded the French king to agree that Boulloyn might remain to Henry in pledge for payment of arrears, debts and all other claims (the days of payment and taxation of the amount to be referred to the Protestant Princes and States) and that to the Scots, whom for honor's sake he must comprise, he (Francis) would send honorable personages to persuade them to the perfection of the marriage, and if they refused he might let them alone. This, he said, was all that he could bring the French king to, and, as Henry had gained honor in the war, so he would, keeping Boulloyn and being paid his pension, gain honor by the peace ; what he said before was what Madame Destampes trusted to bring the French king to, but this was the French king's own mind. Paget answered that, to keep his promise, he would say, 1, that he would disclose this overture to no man, not even his master, 2, that he liked it not, nor would his master like it, and 3, let the French king continue his pension with surety for its payment, surrender Ardre and the rest of the county of Guisnes and suffer Henry quietly to have Bulloyn and Boullonnoys, and he may make peace and remit the arrears and war expenses. 'What of the Scots?' asked Sturmius. Paget answered that when it was known that the King of England was not paid his money and was given in gage for it only Bulloyn, which he had already, the world would say that the French king made a good bargain; and as for the Scots his imperious speaking was marvellous when he had left them twice or thrice already, and notably in his treaty with the Emperor. Here Sturmius said that was not so, for there was a private covenant with the Emperor for that matter. This Paget denied, saying that, as the Emperor and the Scots were in enmity, it would be a confession that the French king had acted dishonourably. Sturmius answered that Francis was enforced to do it then, but if he did it now the Protestants might think that he would do the like with them. Paget told how the French king was bound by treaty to leave the Scots in case they invaded England with 300 men, and yet when he was informed by Paget of the Scots' invasion and required to let Henry and them alone he refused; how the Scots were generatio prava, and their Governor, who, with his brother, once favoured God's word, had abjured it and done open penance, and what persecution was in Scotland by him and the Cardinal; adding that they should be chastised well enough without the French king's help to bring them to conformity. Sturmius answered that if Paget would not comprehend the Scots and would have all Boullonoys, he could only pray him to have less respect to profit and some regard to God's glory. "These be Hanniball's persuasions to Scipio," quoth Paget, "but our cause is just, and I trust God will not forsake us."
Sturmius then suggested a truce, but Paget answered that he had no commission therein, and the Frenchmen's faith in truces was too well known; then a peace, Henry keeping what he had and referring the rest to a greater legation from the Protestant Princes, but Paget answered that Henry had perhaps a greater opinion of these Princes than the French king had, yet, if Johannes Sturmius and Bruno could not induce the French king to reason, surely neither Burgartus nor Jacobus Sturmius could; and then a meeting of the Kings, which Paget said was impossible until after peace was made. Sturmius then said that the Frenchmen would thus be enforced unreasonably to the Emperor, and already Friar Gooseman was broaching another practice for Piedmount and the duchy of Bourgoyn. Paget told him that mention of amity between the Emperor and France, or of the French king's power, always reminded him of vain noises made behind a cloth to frighten children; and proved that firm peace between the Emperor and France was impossible. Sturmius then returned to pray him to take this offer for the first and, since he did not fancy another legation from them (the Protestants), let the English demands be afterwards settled by Councillors of both parties; but Paget replied that what was done must be done now when the French were abased. Finally, Sturmius said that he would dream of the matter and come again with his fellows tomorrow; and he admitted that the President knew of it, but only generally.
This morning Sturmius came not; and after dinner Bruno sent his son to ask when he might speak with Paget, who "answered, When he would. And so he came forthwith." He had learnt from Sturmius what passed yesternight and would do his utmost for God's sake and for love to Henry, being bound to no man save that of the city of Metz he had privileges worth 100 gulderns a year, and the like of Argentyne; and he prayed that Henry would accept this agreement for the time. Paget said that he began to repent meddling in the matter, and showed how Sturmius varied from the first overture as to remission of treating to another legation and touching the Scots (although both were one to England "for refusal"), saying that he could not keep this from Bruno, of whom he had a good opinion, and so had the King, who would, to retain him, give him a pension. Bruno answered, with thanks, that he was never in service with any prince, albeit the French king, the Landgrave and the duke of Wirtzenbergh had offered him pensions; he dwelt 2½ years in France with Count Guillame and was always ready to serve where he might do good; and he reckoned divers legations wherein he had been, for various princes and towns, and how acceptable he once was to the Emperor, to whom he was now odious for refusing his service and favouring God's word; he had long meant to give his son to the King and would not refuse a pension, but could not honestly take it until this matter was determined: he would keep Henry informed of all that was done in Almayn, and begged favour for his son Philip, whom he would send to his Majesty with Paget, and for his son-in-law Sleidanus, who, albeit not practised in worldly affairs, was honest, eloquent and learned, and could well serve with his pen; but, to return to their matter, he prayed that Sturmius might not be blamed for the variety mentioned. Madame Destampes (he continued), as Fraxins and La Planche said, perceiving the French king displeased that the Emperor answered the Admiral that unless agreed with de omnibus rebus litigiosis he would not travail for restitution of Boulloyn, and speaking frankly against the Emperor (for the French king's only fault is that he cannot contain his tongue), asked leave to practise this matter and sent La Planche with the overture, who, being instructed by mouth, wrote it out, and afterwards, when it was misliked, enlarged it; whereupon he (Bruno) said to Sturmius that it was not good to proceed so slenderly, and Sturmius therefore took the writing to the French king, saying that it was his device. The French king did not like it, and showed it to Turnon and the Admiral, who thought that with half so good conditions a better bargain might be made with the Emperor; "and herewith wrote they both to th'ambassador with th'Emperor, from whom they heard that he was aliquantulum remissior, and also to the President here, to know who had been the author of this overture. The King suspected Madame Destampes (quoth he), but the President wrote he knew not except it were we. And so the matter began to quail, and this was the cause of the long tarrying of Sturmius. In this mean time cometh Gooseman from the Confessor with this overture (quoth he) that, where the French king had offered the duchy of Bourbon unto the Duke of Savoy and Piedmont, the Emperor was content the French king should keep still the same, so as he might also keep Millan quietly, and the Duke of Savoy have the duchy of Bourgoyn and the country of Bresse. Which overture, quoth he, made the French king so in a rage that by and bye he sware par la foy de gentilhomme he would enter league with the Protestants (for whensoever he will fray Tournon, who gapeth for the Papacy, and the others Imperials then saith he that he will enter league with us straight) and hereupon wrote once to me, since my coming to this town, in that behalf; but I answered that our princes would not join in amity against the King of England, being in hostility, as we be, with the Pope, but, in this rage with the Emperor, he called Sturmius and Madame Destampes and caused the same articles to be penned which you saw yesternight, and this is the cause (quoth he) of the variety." He added that Turnon, the Admiral and the Secretary were ever tittling in the French king's ear that firm peace with Henry was impossible, but only with the Emperor; it was a great matter that the French king left his inordinate affection to Boulloyn; and he prayed Paget that they might not break off. Paget answered that he had this peace intensely to heart, and thought that if Henry could be induced, for the quiet possession of Boulloyn and Ardre with the whole counties of Boullonnoys and Guisnes, to remit debts, war expenses and pension perpetual, it would be a good bargain for the French king; but he dared not so propose to give away the inheritance of the Crown (as the pension was), for there were Imperials in England who would cry Crucifige upon him, as Tournon's faction did in France ; and yet if he thought that the French king would embrace it, he would venture to broach it to the King alone, in a letter, in whose heart remained a great spark of love to the French king. Bruno said it was an honest overture; but, if the French king was so hardhearted as to stand to his first overture, would it be possible to entreat Henry to make peace, leaving commissaries of both sides to arrange the liquidation of claims, acquittance of all things and a league with the Protestants, the Scots also to be partakers of this peace? No, answered Paget, there must be no delay, for the French king was weary and only seeking to take breath, his money gone, his country wasted and his people crying for peace; whereas Henry's own treasure (kept in store) was scant touched, and his people ready to spend their lives and goods against France; and a meeting of the Princes (which Bruno then suggested) was not to be thought of till all things were accorded. "Well," quoth Bruno, "let me repeat this overture; and did so, comprehending all pensions and the Scots, but I excepted the viagier and said Speak not of the Scots, for that will mar all." Bruno answered that if the Scots kept their covenant, no more could be claimed of them; and asked if Henry could not be content to take these counties in feudo. Told him that it were absurd for a King who for liberty "entered such an adventure against the Pope" to become feudatory for such a trifle. Bruno then suggested that the French people might grudge at their King's giving away his inheritance; and Paget replied that the English, likewise, might ask why Henry gave away the pension of his heirs, and claimed not the crown of France and duchies of Aquitaine and Normandy,—but princes were not won to account to their people in such cases. To Bruno's question whether we would cease to write king of France and let go all the pension, Paget answered that he could not tell what might happen if peace were once made and the Kings met; as for the Protestants, they might expect from Henry such friendship as honor and reason could require of him. Bruno then wished that he might himself speak with the French king, being more experienced and better able to answer than Sturmius; he and Sturmius would to-morrow go to Ardre and communicate this matter to the President, who knew all and had instructions from the French king, and there they would devise whether to write to the French king or send Sturmius back, which was dangerous because of the Imperialists lying in wait for them. Paget said that meanwhile he would feel Henry's disposition to this overture. And so they parted. Calais, 15 Dec. at night, 1545. Signed.
Pp. 19. Add. Endd.
15 Dec.985. Paget to Petre.
R. O.You will perceive what is done in our treaty by my letters to the King. The late treasurer of Guisnes's account is so intricate that an expert auditor must be sent over, or else one of those now at Bulloyn repair hither; for as yet we cannot know how the King stands with his crews. Mr. Sutton should be asked what money he received of Wotton for victuals. The ambassadors of the Emperor and the French are bringing from the Turk a truce, with condition that during it the Emperor make no war upon any Christian prince and surrender three strong castles upon the Danubius. The Emperor might as well deliver Vienna, and will not like this bargain. In Flanders it is said that he sends commissaries to the Diet at Ratisbone, and remains himself in the Low Countries to watch these matters between the King and the French king. "The Frenchmen be come out of Scotland all to-torn and ragged. They landed in Zelande and pass homewards through the Emperor's countries, where, in their way, they lodge by forty and fifty in hospitals, having neither cross nor pyle to bless them withal, cursing Scotland and them that sent them thither." Learns this morning that 17 galleys are laid up at Rowen and their "forsayres" committed to prison, no preparation to the sea being made. Looks hourly for word from Diepe. Desires news of the Parliament; for Brewno says that more new laws are about to condemn their doctrine, and that search is made for their books, to the encouragement of "the common enemy, the Pope, as he calleth him." Would know how to answer him, who says that he has word thereof from Andewarpe. Begs that Mr. Chancellor of Augmentations may be called upon for the setting forth of Paget's bills, that his suits already granted be not hindered by absence in the King's service. Hopes "yet to make some honest end," and uses "all hooks and crooks" for it. Calais, 15 Dec., 9 o'clock, 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
15 Dec.986. The Bp. of Ross (fn. 5) to Madame [de Guise].
R. O.Remains in this kingdom for the rest of his life, to be with his kinsmen and friends. Our prince and governor has given me the first bpric. of Scotland. Whatever may have passed, will be as good a Frenchman in future as any in France. Calls God to witness that what he has suffered was unjust. The ambassador here has conducted himself very well, and all the lords are very well pleased with him. Sterlyn, 15 Dec. Signed: Leuesque de Rosse.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Madame.
15 Dec.987. Charles V. to Covos.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 175.
He will have heard of the negotiations at Bruges and Antwerp between the Emperor's commissioners and the plenipotentiaries of England and France. Notwithstanding assurances then given, it is reported from France that the war will soon break out again. Does not believe this, but the defence of the Spanish frontier must be foreseen. Bois le Duc, 15 Dec. 1545.

Footnotes

1 Dec. 5th.
2 This document, printed from an original which is now unknown, is so full of inaccuracies as to be really unintelligible. The date, for one thing, positively printed as "1545" at the end of the letter, must be 1544, as the Duke of Suffolk was dead in December 1545, and Sir Edward North was only Chancellor of the Augmentations from April 1544 (his title is absurdly given in the address as "Chancellor of the Augmentations of the revenues of his Highnes Works"). The signature "Tho. Westmorland" was no doubt "Thom's Westm'" (Thomas Thirlby, bishop of Westminster); but who "Tho. North, L. K." may have been, or what "L. K." stands for, is not apparent; nor do we know of any "lord Grey" who was created on the 23rd February. Apparently for "Grey" we should read "Evers." See G. E. C.'s Peerage under Evers for date of his patent of creation.
3 See Vol. XIV., Part i., No. 373.
4 Dec. 10.
5 David Paniter, recently nominated to the See.