Henry VIII
January 1546, 1-5

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1908

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1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

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'Henry VIII: January 1546, 1-5', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1: January-August 1546 (1908), pp. 1-10. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80829 Date accessed: 23 November 2014.


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January 1546, 1-5

1546.
1 Jan.
1. John Leland.
"The laboriouse journey and serche of Johan Leylande, for Englandes antiquitees, geven of hym as a newe yeares gyfte to Kynge Henry the viij. in the xxxvij. yeare of his reygne." (fn. 1)
Encouraged by the King's commission given in the 35th (fn. 2) year of his reign to search the libraries of monasteries and colleges for monuments of ancient writers, will briefly describe what fruit has sprung of his "laborious journey and costly enterprise." Has conserved many good authors who were like to perish, of which part remain in the King's palaces, part in his own custody, whereby he hopes to publish the acts of the King's progenitors. Part also of the "exemplaires" found by him have been printed in Germany, chiefly by Frobenius. To prove the profit of his journey in bringing to light things concerning the Bishop of Rome's usurped authority, refers to hrs long volume in defence of the King's supreme dignity against the whole college of Romanists cloaked under the name of one poor Pighius of Ultraject in Germany. Has digested the lives of the illustrious writers of this realm into four books with this title De Viris Illustribus, and, being inflamed by their writings to see all parts of this realm, has for six years past spent his time in visiting every part of it, making notes from which within a year he hopes to print a full description of the realm and identify the ancient names of the places in it. That done, he has matter enough wherewith to write a history divided into as many books as there are shires and great dominions in England and Wales, naming it De Antiquitate Britannica or else Civilis Historia. Intends then to distribute into 6 books the matter he has collected concerning adjacent islands under the King's subjection, of which three are Vecta, Mona and Menavia, sometime kingdoms, and to superadd a work de Nobilitate Britannica, in three books, the first of Kings and Queens with their children, dukes, earls, lords, captains, and rulers in this realm to the Saxon conquest, the second of the Saxons and Danes to the victory of King William the Great, the third from the Normans to the present King's reign. This is the brief declaration of his laborious journey.
"Christ continue your most royal estate and the prosperity, with succession in kingly dignity, of your dear and worthily beloved son Prince Edward, granting you a number of princely sons by the most gracious, benign and modest lady your Queen Kataryne."
1 Jan.2. Jasper Duchy.
Annuity. See Grants in January, No. 2.
1 Jan.3. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 303.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 1 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Great Chamberlain, Cheyney, Gage, Petre. Business:—Warrant to Sir Thos. Seymour to deliver to Edm. Modye 2 barrels of corn powder and —— (blank) last of serpentine powder "for the shot of the basilisco and other ordnance at Arclyf Bulwerke by Dover." (fn. 3)
1 Jan.4. Vaughan to Petre.
R. O.Pray send me warrant for diets and post money by bearer, "for I would fain be gone." London, New Year's Day.
Pray let it be both for post money laid out at my last being in Flanders and to be laid out now.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: primo Januarii 1545.
1 Jan.5. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O.This day I received your letter by an Italian, to send away the King's treasure and your plate, now sent "by Mr. Damisell, this bearer, according to the contents hereinclosed." Your vessel, which you think I have made too massy, could not well be made less, and I doubt not but the weight will content you. Please impute any other lack to the shortness of time. It goes unmarked (for the stamp with your arms cannot be made this ten days) but may be marked there. "Your candlesticks I also hope will like you." About this I have disbursed of the King's treasure, because "the exchange goeth to extreme loss," 358l. 16s. 2d. Fl., which is 294l. 21d. st. Begs Paget to see him discharged of so much, and to give notice of 1,000cr. each lent to my lord of Westminster and Mr. Fane, whose bills he has, for he writes to the Council only of this sent by Damisell. Having yet no passport for the money, has prayed Damisell to send from Dunkerke for Paget's advice "for his passing at Graveling," and meanwhile if passport can be had it shall be sent after. Goes to-morrow towards Utricht to answer Riffenberghe, who is still here. Prays God that he may be heard and Riffenberghe punished. Andwarpe, 1 Jan.1545.
Please receive the coifs which your hostess at Bruxelles sends my lady. The sum sent with Mr. Damisell is 5,074l. 3s. 4d. st.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. "Parcels of silver vessel sent unto Sir William Paget by Mr. Damisel."
Giving weight and value of 6 great platters, 8 great dishes, 16 smaller dishes, 12 smaller dishes, 6 saucers and 6 candlesticks. Total cost, 294l. 21d. st.
In Chamberlain's hand, p. 1.
2 Jan.6. Grain.
Soc. Ant.
Procl., ii. 161.
Mandate to the sheriff of Wiltshire to enforce proclamation that as the furniture of the army upon the sea requires a great provision of grain to be presently made in Wiltshire, all such provision except the King's shall be stayed until Easter next. Westm., 2 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
2 Jan.7. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 303.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 2 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler. Business:—Letter to lord Lieutenant of Bulloigne, at the desire of Thos. Johnson, enclosing petitions of Hen. Cornelison, dec., and Adryan Syren, of Dordreth, for recompense for two hoys taken by Frenchmen; requiring his lordship to advertise whether he warranted the ships, whether they were taken in the King's service, what money is due to them, and of what goodness and burthen the ships were. Letter to the said lord in favour of John Smith, one of the King's footmen, now repairing thither for his harness and stuff left there. To Sir John Williams for 40l. in further prest to Mr. Grimston, acting captain of Portsmouth in Mr. Vaughan's sickness. The younger of Lord Maxwell's sons subscribed their bond for their father. A fellow called —— (blank), detected by Lartigue for a French spy, would confess nothing and was committed to the Porter's lodge. This day was read before the Council, in presence of the earl of Shrewsbury, a supplication by Wm. Alestre against John Sharpe and others for a seditious attempt to make Sharpe a burgess of Derby and disfranchise Thos. Warde and Wm. Bulkeley, bailiffs there, and Thos. Sutton, recorder; and the Council took order (described) therein. Letter to John Gresham and Thos. Wingfelde, at Dover, upon the stay of a ship with herrings for France, to let the takers have the benefit if the goods were French, and if Flemish to sell them for the owners.
2 Jan.8. Gardiner, Thirlby and Carne to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. x. 822.
1546.
Since writing on the 21st. have had a communication with the Emperor's Council, in which Grandvela, Prate and Skore, in turn, requested that the Emperor's subjects might feel some benefit of this peace. Prate told a tale of one who served a month without wages and was then spoiled, beaten and sent home; and rehearsed how their men's goods were taken at sea and distributed upon the mere word of the taker that they were French. Skore said that the appointment with Paget (fn. 4) was not accomplished yet. The writers answered that as the determination of the King and Council could not be better, exhortations were superfluous, and they should therefore impute these griefs to war and not to malice; if their subjects would colour Frenchmen's goods it was no marvel that they were sometimes troubled, and when the King's men, taking a Flemish or Spanish ship, alleged the goods to be French the matter must be indifferently heard. They thought the tale of him who served without wages and was afterwards beaten to be untrue, but on both sides were subjects who showed badly, among others one who, being laden with corn for Calays, went into Flanders and sold it to his own use. Our "soldiers that travail in the seas" were commanded to take only Frenchmen's goods, but were provoked by the Emperor's subjects colouring such goods. Prate then asked the President if he had the copy of the appointment with Paget, and said that as it was not there nothing could be done then. The President then spoke of particular matters, viz., the Spaniards' goods taken in the Isle of White before the war (of whom, being told that they were naturalised in Roone, Grandvela said they were traitors to the Emperor, "and could not savour that matter"), and the matter of the jewels which was judged in the Exchequer (deferred until recovery of the Chancellor of the Order, who is sick). The writers said that English subjects, too, had their griefs, but were not encouraged to exclaim; if the Emperor's Council would note in the book delivered of such griefs what should be done in each it might provoke the King to answer their particularities. Grandvela said merrily that in all things we would have them grant first, and we replied that they might write it conditionally on our doing the like, and then it is no grant. Spoke then of the marriage offered by them for the Prince, asking how they would provoke the King to accept it. Grandvela said that as the Prince was now the greatest personage in Christendom it were much to furnish their offer, but the ladies (fn. 5) were goodly creatures and well brought up, and God had sent so many of them that the Prince should have allies in all parts of Christendom except France; to each was appointed 100,000 cr. and with that dote the King of Pole married one (fn. 6) of them who, immediately after the dote paid, "departed." Answered that among friends the dote was sometimes expressed as an honourable quantity and secretly remitted where the party could not pay, but here they were told that the Emperor would marry the lady as his own daughter, and the offer by him of such a dote as this suggested that the thing was not meant to take effect. Grandvela said that it was earnestly meant, but the world being in such trouble, the Emperor would be "encumbered to furnish them"; he trusted that the King would regard other qualities and would not bargain for increase of the dote, which was but a money matter. The writers answered that indeed they had no commission to do so, but to learn the circumstances of the overture, and could not but note the slenderness of the dower.
So ended the communication on 22 Dec., at which time letters came from Mr. Chamberlain, governor of the Merchants, to obtain passport for the King's money to Calays, with which the writers meant to send these letters, but were delayed by the absence of the Emperor and Queen until 30 Dec., when the Council's letters of the 26th brought the King's "resolution in the eclarishement." Meanwhile Grandvela had, by Skepperus, signified that one Captain Combas, carrying letters from the French king into Scotland to the Queen, Governor, Captain Lorges and two without superscription, had come into Seland to hire shipping to Scotland, but was sent back into France, with answer that the Emperor could not permit such passage and requested the French king no longer to receive Scots, who spoiled the Emperor's subjects and cast them overboard. On 30 Dec. at night the Emperor came to this town; and Gardiner desired Skepperus to signify to Grandvela that we had received answer and would speak with them. Skepperus afterwards advertised us by letter that, as Grandvela had not spoken with the Emperor for a long time, he could not appoint a certain hour, but would send word when at leisure.
On the 31st Skore sent to know when he and Skepperus might speak with the writers. Appointed one o'clock. They said that be ause of Grandvela's business they could not speak of the eclarishement, but would commune of the merchants' matters, both particular griefs and relief of their subjects in England. Were "very round" with the President, who alone spoke, and commended Grandvela's saying that the Spaniards who became French subjects in Rone were traitors to the Emperor, who surely could not take it well that their matter was so often communed of. The President retracted anything which might be taken amiss, and so that matter was put off for want of Chancellor Nigri, who was at the Diet and could speak more ripely therein. The President then spoke for more favour to their subjects in England, since the King's subjects had exceptional privileges here. Answered that their forefathers were wise men so to allure English merchandise to their market, and had grown rich by it while the King's subjects waxed slothful and suffered their coast towns to decay; the President deceived himself if he expected new privileges now when it might be said that in granting them the King was forced to flatter this people; whatsoever the King might do rebus compositis, it was not to be thought of now rebus turbatis; and, to knit up the communication, Gardiner said that this matter was no part of his commission, and he thought himself too often troubled with it; and so departed without request to speak with Grandvela.
Upon New Year's morning Skepperus sent to say that in the afternoon they would assemble at Grandvela's, and the writers went thither and told how, with the President and Skepperus, the day before, they had made an end of the old year, and now recedant vetera et nova sint omnia. Grand vela said that the last day of the year was an unlucky day, and although he esteemed not such fancies it had often happened so. Found them content to put in the words victualium and equo pretio, but there will he a difference from the King's minute, for, inasmuch as it is a rehearsal of the article in the treaty of Cambray, they will write it as it was there; and in the end they will write that by commeatuum they understand also victualium, and where the article speaks not of Berwike, Gernesey, Jernsey and Man, "the same to be taken in the same condition as the other be." The rest of that article is as the King wishes, save that Ireland is, as in Cambray, not named regnum. Because the treaty of Cambray was made at the Frenchmen's solicitation the Emperor will tell the French that those aids are granted as required by the treaty of Cambray. As to the King's desire to pass men, harness, horses and munitions through their countries, they agreed to move the Emperor for the harness and munitions; and as for men they begged the writers not to press it, and Grandvela, laying his hand on his breast, undertook to procure the Emperor's leave for convenient numbers at all times, but their countries had so suffered last year and this by assemblies for the King, "that such a covenant were terrible for them to hear of." And here they talked of the hurt done in Liege, whereof they had given a bill of complaint declaring damage of 100,000 fl., and of Riffenberg who would be here within two days. Told them that the King had appointed one to require justice here of Riffenberg; and Grandvela sware that if the Emperor committed the matter to him he would minister justice indeed, marvelling how such men were promoted to the King's service; "and therewith spake of the craft of the Protestants, and how faith is decayed amongst them." Skepperus added that the Protestants had just sent new ambassadors to the King, who passed these countries secretly, and that a captain of Lubek, worse than Riffenberg, was lately preferred to the King's service, viz., Court-peny, who had been twice saved from the gallows and betrayed his master, King Christiern of Denmark. The writers denied knowing any such thing, and returned to conferring the minute sent from the King with theirs, and finally agreed to the signing as soon as possible. The feast of the Order, to be solemnly kept here to-morrow and Monday is the impediment, but Grandvela would have it taken as done. Reminded him that it could not be taken as done—the aid due this last year must be paid. He said that it was promised with a condition. Told him that himself promised at Bruges without a condition. He answered smiling that we must now forget all, as the preface of this matter says. We told him that was why we spoke of it in time. Skore said that after the form of the treaty it could not be due for long, and bade Skepper make a note of the demand to be referred to the Emperor. As for the "bandes of the states," Grandvela said that that need not stay our conclusion; they would deliberate upon it before the departure of me, Winchester, who surely would not leave before the matter of the marriage was brought to further towardness. I told them that, because of their delay of the passport for money I had not written of that matter, and thought them not in earnest to speak of such a dote. Grandvela said that they had showed the dote assigned to the Lady, not adding precisely that they would give no more; they desired the matter advanced, and would send the passport betimes in the morning, so that the courier might be despatched. Speaking of the article of entry by one prince's countries to annoy the other, they said that they had concluded to forbid the Frenchmen by the sword; and Grandvela said that he did not boast of what he had done in favour of the King, but wished we had heard his communication with the French ambassadors at Bruges and Andwerp. (Apparently he would recover the King's good opinion, having told one who reported it to Gardiner that if we knew quam malus Francus he was we would trust him more.) He said now that order was taken with Mons. de Reulx in the matter; and desired that we should pass what we had agreed upon and forget all that was spoken at Bruxelles this time twelvemonth. And so we arose from the board.
Afterwards Grandvela and the President spoke to Gardiner apart of the merchants' matters, wishing that order might be taken in what could not be agreed upon at the Diet. Meanwhile Skepper delivered Thirlby a bill of damages sustained by the Emperor's subjects at sea.
Have not yet the passport, as the Queen will expedite nothing when the Emperor is present and the Emperor is occupied with this feast. Will send it by another courier. Gardiner has heard that the Queen here and all the Council much desire the marriage between the Prince and King of Romans' daughter. Learn from a good place that there is overture for marriage between the Prince of Spain and daughter of Navarre and between the daughter of France and the Prince of Piedmont, and that the Cardinal of Loreyn comes with commission therein, and the Emperor will to Brucelles again before leaving these countries. Gardiner cannot well depart hence until he hears from the King again, but trusts them to know his Highness' pleasure. Utrech, 2 Jan. Signed.
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 19. Add. Endd.: 1545.
2 Jan.9. Gardiner to Paget.
R. O.Since the 24th ult. we have hourly looked for the passport for this money to go to Calays; and thereupon delayed to write, having no matter worth a post. Now we have better matter and send without longer tarrying, "and yet they promise it from hour to hour." The Emperor is all now in this feast of the Order, although the world is so far out of order. It is said that the French king will be a Protestant, but will, as usual, play with both hands, and therefore sends hither the Cardinal of Loreyn. We have just been asked whether we will be at the solemnity of this feast, and answered "to be as it should please the Emperor." Herewith is a letter from my lord Fitzwater to my lord Chancellor in Italian. Thanks for your news, especially of the King's oration to the Commons. If the peace and unity may be made at home as the King exhorted, outward peaces need be less cared for. "For hec est victoria que vincit mundum unitas nostra." Utrek, 2 Jan.
P.S.—Pray make all our recommendations to my lord of Duresme and Mr. Trigonel.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
2 Jan.10. G. Bernardino Ferrari to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 832.
There is no hope of agreement between the Emperor and the French king, who will neither restore Savoy to the Duke nor condescend to the other reasonable conditions, but practises in Italy, Germany and elsewhere against the Emperor. The French king lately sent a gentleman to Cologne to retain two captains, who have come to notify Granvela of it; as also the Duke of Cleves has informed the Emperor of attempts to suborn him. Hears also that the Landgrave (Signor Engravio) has advertised the Emperor that that King practises to have him for confederate; although it is thought that this service is done for his own advantage and not of good will, for it is known that ambassadors continually go and come between them. To-day there is news that proclamations are made in France that all men banished for religion may return until things are determined by the Council. Friar Gusman, who practises the peace between these two princes, was lately at Bosleduc, but the Emperor refused to hear him, knowing that the French only give good words and continue to practise against him. Is assured by persons in the French ambassador's confidence that he fears renewal of the war by Henry and the Emperor against them; and, being at Bosleduc, has had men here seeking to learn the practices of Henry's ambassadors. Well-informed persons think that if the Emperor pacifies the Germans (accorda Allamani) he will make war on the French, as most of this Court seem to desire. Secretary Marchina is come from the Emperor's ambassador with the Bishop of Rome; but great secrecy is used, and the writer has only learnt particulars concerning the aggrandisement of the Bishop's house, although it is thought that he brings matters of importance. In Rome processions are made for the Council; and four cardinals have been made, viz., the Infante of Portugal, the bp. of Ghe, a Spaniard who is at Trent, the bp. of Rouan, French, and the abp. of Naples, brother to Cardinal Farnese, although it is unlawful to make two brothers cardinals. The Duke of Florence expelled the monks from the monastery because of their ill life and, when he hesitated to reinstate them, the Bishop of Rome sent him a brief commanding it upon pain of excommunication, deprivation and dishonour; and so the brethren were reinstated and thereupon the Duke recalled his ambassador with the Bishop. The said Duke has tried to make himself master of Piombino, a place by the sea the lord of which lately died; but the Emperor has pat in a governor there until the said lord's son comes of age. Utrecht, "il ij. dell' anno mdxxxxvj."
Italian. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: John Barnardyn.
3 Jan.11. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 305.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 3 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler]. (fn. 7) Business:—Letters addressed to Deputy and Council of Calais to allow Sir Edw. Wotton 13s. 4d. a day from 10 Nov. last while acting as treasurer of Guisnes, in consideration that he entertains three clerks for it. Passport for Camillo Pallavicini, Italian, to return over sea. Upon a testimonial from the town of Antwerp, presented by Henry Alvaros, Portugall, proving the said Henry to be a Christian and no Jew, which was further affirmed on behalf of the Emperor's ambassador, by his secretary, it was thought good that the said Henry's money in the hands of Whitehorne and Webbe, of Exeter, should be restored; and Webbe was sworn that his restoration of bills and writings to Alvaros when going to Antwerp for that testimonial, was done without any covyne or collusion to defraud the King in case Alvaros had proved to be a Jew.
3 Jan.12. Paget to Henry VIII.
R. O.Upon receipt of the Council's letters of 31st ult., answered Sturmius and Brewno that (whereas they would have the King promise to make no invasion upon the Scots, "wherewith they would labour the French king to be satisfied") if the Scots will observe their pacts and covenants and give no other occasion the King would doubtless forbear them during the truce, and Paget would travail further in it at his return. They replied that the pacts were for the marriage and hostage, the performance of which could not "even now" be obtained; and therefore they would tomorrow to Ardre, and if the French commissioners accorded the truce without comprehension of the Scots they would return, otherwise they would send word and not return. They moved Paget to give them hope of the forbearing of the Scots without that condition as to pacts, but, considering the instructions, and his conjecture that the King meant "to do somewhat towards Scotland," he durst not (as his fellows also thought good) give other hope than the letter imports. "If we hear not from them to-morrow that they will make treux without the Scots we intend to return upon Tuesday (fn. 8) if the weather serve." Calays, 3 Jan. 1545, at midnight. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
3 Jan.13. Paget to Petre.
R. O.My letter to the King shows that I think upon Tuesday (fn. 8) to take passage. The Germans are very sorry and so be we; and, but for our instructions, both at first and in letters since, that the King would nowise be restrained from the chastisement of those false Scots, these men might have been brought to leave out the Scots and take my bare promise to do my best to induce his Majesty to forbear; "but the knot in your last letters for the condition to be added dashed all." Howbeit Sturmius and Brewno have promised to feel what the French king will do in the peace, or else the truce, whereby the King may continue or leave the practice as he pleases. Cales, 3 Jan., at midnight, 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Mr. Peter, I send herewith a letter from my lord of Surrey to me which I will do my best to satisfy, and yet the horsemen here "with often going to Bullen and finding there nothing," and often going on convoy, are so wearied as to be scant able to serve. I have provided 160 loads of hay for Bullen if we can get carriage by sea, for by land it is impossible. Mr. Rouse is now arrived here to help its despatch. Not signed.
In Paget's hand, p. 1.
5 Jan.15. The Benevolence.
See Grants in January, No. 5.
5 Jan.16. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 306.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 5 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler]. Business:—Passport for Sebastian Lucas to return over sea. Warrant to Chancellor of the Tenth for 300l. to be conveyed by John Hynmars to John Chadreton and Wm. Johnson for fortifications at Portsmouth, with 40s. for cost of conveyance. Passport for James Pender, Almain, to return over sea; with order for post horses. Passport for Lawrence Masso and Melchiour Wele, gentlemen of Almaigne.
5 Jan.17. The Council of Ireland to the Lord Chancellor and Council.
R. O.
St. P., iii. 545.
Contentions having appeared between the Deputy and Ormond, the writers, seeing the King and Council occupied with outward affairs of importance, have thought good first to hear their griefs; and have therefore sent to Ormond to repair to Dublin with speed, and desired both the lord Deputy and him to forbear writing to encumber "your honors" therein. Beg them meanwhile to suspend giving credit against either. Dublin, 5 Jan., 1545. Signed by Alen, Meath, Brabazon, Aylmer, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Basnet and Travers.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
5 Jan.18. Surrey to Henry VIII.
R. O.
Nott's
Howard, 191.
Lately sent Sir Thomas Palmer and Sir Thomas Wyat to declare his opinion how "this new fortress might be best attempted," and the King commanded them to defer the overture pending the treaties of peace then in hand. Having received command by Mr. Secretary to give order for war, after revisiting the ground in company with Mr. Marshal, Sir Thos. Wyat and Sir Thos. Palmer, caused Giles, the King's servant, to draw a platt to be sent by Rogiers. And then, having lately received letters from the King, by Mr. Bellingham, for the Council here, with Bellingham and Tomazo, who is not yet arrived, to consult how the fortress might be won, has stayed the despatch of Rogiers, to which only Mr. Bellingham, Mr. Marshall, Mr. Wyat and Sir Thos. Palmer are privy, so as to advertise the general opinion of all. Begs credence for Rogiers touching the said opinion and the misery of the fortress, which, "if the great revictualment now prepared might be empeached," should never need besieging. It is proof that this garrison has done its duty, that the enemy is driven to revictual with "half a camp, viz., their old band of Almaynes, not now much above 2,000, and as many Picards with 500 men at arms; and he cannot see how they can do it if this weather continue and the King orders his ships to keep on this shore when the weather would serve. Their garrison has these six days lived upon biscuit and water, having neither wood nor coal. Has sent for the horsemen of Guisnes, to bring hay with them if the weather will suffer it, for here has been none these ten days; and will leave nothing undone. Ventures to enclose a discourse concerning the attempting of the fortress. Begs that bearer may know that the writer commends his honest service. Giles begs the King to pardon this platt, made in haste, and will shortly present a more perfect, he having come hither for his own affairs. Bouloyne, 5 Jan. 1645. Signed.
ii. Device for the besieging of "this new fortress" by means of an entrenched camp, which may be victualled, when the French navy is not at sea, by boats within the creek of Portet. The fortress should be starved before the season would suffer the French galleys to put to sea. Assistance of the King's navy is requisite. For "lack of answer to the despatch of the clerk of the Council of this town," here are still in wages as many captains and double pays as when the whole 3,000 were here. Begs the King to return his resolution; and, if the companies of footmen are reduced to 300, suggests that some of the most experienced captains should be retained in wages, without men, so as to be ready to take the leading of companies when the King amasses more footmen. Begs too that the King will remember them with some general letter of comfort, lest they conceive that he has them in suspicion "concerning the excessive allowance beforetime made." Can certify that since his coining here the King has been truly served, as, he thinks, Mr. Southwell will report; and if there were any fault before it was rather due to "trouble of the enemy" than lack of duty. If the King determines "on war defensive," asks instruction as to fortifications.
Pp. 9. Endd.: Th'erle of Surrey to the Kinges Mate
19. Boulogne.
Augustus I.
Vol. ii., 53.
B. M.
Plan of Boulogne on a scale of 500 feet to 1 inch. With inscriptions, viz.: "the pere"; "the Sand Hylles"; seven places, each marked "a valey"; "the place to make a mownte (fn. 9) "; "the Hyll next the Churche"; "Pawlet"; "Pawlet Hyll"; "the medowe"; "the forde"; "the Camp next the medowe"; "the space betwene the Campes"; "the Campe where the Almaynes lay"; "the Hyll"; "a mownt naturall"; "the Camp nexte the see"; "the stronge valley"; "the plaine"; "the Strayte"; "the Waye"; "the See"; "the Rode."
Large vellum sheet, 2ft. by 2ft. 7 inches. Endd.: Of Boullen with a devyes of a camp for the wynnyng of the Frenche fortyfycacion foranenst Bullen.
Augustus I.
Vol. ii., 77.
B. M.
2. Plan of Boulogne and of the country up the river to "Pontebrige" and a fortress, sketched in apparently, and certainly inscribed, in a later hand, as "S. Estyen." On the same scale as the preceding and exactly similar so far as it shows the same ground, except that the inscriptions are different; e.g. "The fortresse," "High Boloigne," "the Yonge Man" and others which are not inscribed in § 1.
Large paper sheet, 3ft. 1in. by 1ft. 9½in. Inscribed in a later hand, on the top: "Boleine with the French fortresse and the country towards Hardilo."
*** The map engraved in Nott's Poems of Surrey and Wyatt, Vol. I. opposite p. 191, seems to be a later copy of the left hand half of this map.
5 Jan.20. Philip Count Palatine to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 834.
Thought there was no need to answer the King's letters of 8 Oct. last, seeing that he was assigned a term, viz. the month of March, for sending a man fully instructed; but, as time passes and he has nothing so much at heart as to gratify the King, he writes to say that he will gladly send, or come in person if it seems better. Heydelberg, 5 Jan. 1546. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.

Footnotes

1 Published in 1549 "with declaracyons enlarged, by Johan Bale" (i.e., with a running commentary by him) and also with an "Epistle Dedicatory" to Edward VI., a preface, and a "Conclusyon." Leland's text is reprinted by Strype (Eccl. Mem. I., ii. 483), with an inaccurate heading, as "a new year's gift to King Henry in the 36th year of his reign."
2 No doubt a misprint for 25th ("xxxv" for "xxv").
3 See Vol. XX., Pt. ii., No. 1051.
4 See Vol. XX., Pt. i., No. 494.
5 Ferdinand King of the Romans had fifteen children by his first marriage, of whom eleven were daughters, only one son and one daughter dying early.
6 Elizabeth, daughter of King Ferdinand, married to Sigismund Augustus, King of Poland, 1543, and dead in 1545. See Vol. XVIII., Pt. i., No. 398, where the bridegroom is quite correctly called "the King of Poland's son." His father Sigismund was still King even at this date; but he himself, Sigismund Augustus, had long been designated King of Poland, even in his father's lifetime.
7 In the original the names here given within brackets are indicated by the words "ut supra" referring to the preceding meeting. In these Privy Council entries brackets will be used in such cases henceforward.
8 January 5th.
9 On this two cannons are represented as shooting at the fortress.


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