Henry VIII
March 1546, 6-10


Institute of Historical Research



James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

Year published




Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Henry VIII: March 1546, 6-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1: January-August 1546 (1908), pp. 166-179. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80839 Date accessed: 18 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


(Min 3 characters)

March 1546, 6-10

6 March.336. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 343.
Meeting at Greenwich, 6 March. Present: Privy Seal, Hertford, [Essex, Admiral, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre]. Business:—Ant. Donriche had warrant to Carew for 140l. "emprested to the King's use at Boulogne."
6 March.337. Gardiner to Paget.
R. O.Since my departure from my lord of Westminster I have received letters from him with others from one Musica to you (sent herewith). Musica "is musicus if, coming so late out of England, his money is gone already." He writes that he saw not me at Mastryke; but I heard of him there what these letters and his boarding of my lord of Westminster seem to confirm, that his "fault is not in lack of wit but in the using of that he hath," for under title of the Kings service he will proceed as if having the King's commission. I marvel if he should be sent for to Duke Maurice; for this Carolicius of whom he speaks is the Duke's ambassador, my familiar acquaintance, who told me of his legation appointed to the King (with pleasant words only, to renew the King's favour, borne to the Duke's predecessors), and that "by reason this Carolicius fell sick at Spyre it was letted, but not revoked." My lord of Westminster would fain know how to use Musica, "and I for answer have allowed prudenciam, to give six crowns rather than lose xxx. or lend it to him, which hath no great difference, unless my lord of Westmester may have a larger letter of commendations from you. But if Musica writeth and goeth in the King's Majesty's affairs, as in his letters he saith he doth, my lord of Westmester shall be perplexed to refuse him when he asketh money, and yet with some care depart with the money and put it, as they call it, in hucksters' handling."
Sends also a letter of Mons. de Bure to the King, certifying things done in the Chapter of the Order. Prays him to remember in delivering it De Bure's protestation, made to the writer, that the superscription, unseemly for him to use, was made by the registrar. Since Carne's departure to Brucelles, Gardiner has had a long communication with President Skore, who overtook him in the way. Skore durst not tell the Queen's answer until he came to her, but promised to give it to Mr. Carne to bring; and Gardiner said that he would wait at Antwerpe till he got it. Skore seemed to think the requests for money and victuals reasonable and "put the most doubt in carriages, because we have so evil entreated them." He would give hope of nothing until he spoke with the Queen; but all that they have covenanted should be performed, both because they covenanted it and because our victory is theirs. "In communication he confesseth this to be the Emperor's time ...... set in foot with us, and said that they want victuals for such a purpose; whereby I perceive they have thought on it." He specially recommends himself to you; and so do I, until my coming. "I look this night for Master Carne, and Mr. Vaughan saith he will send some money by me to Calays." Antwerpe, 6 March.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
6 March.338. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O.Begs him to inform the King that the writer has appointed the whole number of the anchors to be made here in Hampsterdam, Ankusyn, Dort, Midleborough, Armewe and elsewhere, taking bond of substantial men for delivery between this and Easter; the same to be made of Spanish iron or Howes iron (which is said to be as good) and to cost but 15s. the cwt. delivered here. Both Mr. Vaughan and the writer think this far better than to trust to provision in Hamborough, Breme or Lubeck, where Watzon is; as it would take long to bring them from Lubeck, and Hamborough and Breme have such lack of iron that they get anchors and guns from Hampstredam. Has, however, written to Watson to provide 12 or 14 anchors if he may get them out of hand. Encloses a letter which he has written to the lord Admiral and left unsealed that Paget may read it; also letters just received from Italy, whereof one is to the King. Is "in handling" with a man of this town for a bargain of 3,500 qr. of rye and 500 qr. of wheat to be delivered in England with the first ships that come from Danske, at the prices and upon the conditions "of Erasmus Schet his bargain." My lord of Winchester persuades him to go through with it. Andwerpe, 6 March 1545.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
6 March.339. Grain from Dantzic.
R. O.Contract made 6 March 1545, style of Cambray, between Wm. Daimsel, agent of the King of England, and Hans Ludekens, on behalf of Adrien and Michael Kneseller, burgesses of Dansicq, for 350 lasts of soilc and 50 lasts of frument, in all about 4,000 qr. English measure, to be sent from Dansicq or thereabouts with the first grain fleet from thence and delivered, half at London and half at Dover, at 16s. st. the qr. of soile and 25s. st. the qr. of frument. Conditions detailed. Signed by Guillaume Damesell and Hans Luetkens, and also by Jan van Quickelberghe, the broker.
French, pp. 3. Endd.: A bargayn between Damsell and Hans Luedkyns, for grayn.
R. O.2. Another copy of the above. Not signed.
French, pp. 2. Endd.: "Copie of a contract," etc.
6 March.340. Mary of Hungary to Van der Delft.
viii., No. 207.
D'Eick and the letters he carries will declare all that has passed with the bp. of Winchester up to the time of the Emperor's departure from Maestricht towards Germany. Winchester presented to the writer letters from the King and a request to be allowed to draw 400,000 cr. in gold from Antwerp, and also permission for the Emperor's subjects to carry victuals to England and supply waggons. Thought best to consult the Emperor, who was then in this town, and consequently delayed the reply until now, when the resident ambassador Carne is informed (1) that, notwithstanding the large sums drawn from Antwerp last year, the King may take 200,000 cr., provided it is not of the Emperor's coinage. (2) That as to victuals an abrogation of the prohibition, as regards England, would irritate other countries, and there is too great scarcity here; but if the desire is only to get victuals for troops, she will do her best to comply, although the subjects here will assuredly complain of the passage of Penninck's infantry. (3) As to waggons she also needs further information; to order the subjects to provide them would be unreasonable in view of their illtreatment in the year '44, which cost them 100,000 cr., and a mere consent to voluntary supply would produce little, and the passage of horses and mares would have to be watched to prevent the waggons being made the pretext for stripping the country of serviceable cattle, as was tried in '44.
With this answer Carne left for Antwerp, where doubtless Winchester still remains. Carne also mentioned the French musters to revictual Ardres, and begged her to prevent their crossing the Emperor's territory. [Maestricht,] 6 March 1546.
7 March.341. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 343.
Meeting at Greenwich, 7 March. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Durham, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche. Business:—Letter to Gamboa that Salablanca, who petitioned to be restored to his band of Spaniards now that he had recovered his health, might be admitted to his former room of captain.
7 March.342. Paget to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 364.
B. M.
Bearer, Mr. Blount, who repaired hither to sue for a quit rent that he claims in the East Marches, returns to his service there, and is ordered to forbear his suit until a time more propice. Signifies this in order that he may sustain no loss by his reasonable absence; and, for his toleration in the said suit, requires that his four horsemen who have "served in crew this year may remain still in wages." It were well to give him the leading of 200 or 100 footmen of Mr. Bowser's company, provided that he leave his room in Calais furnished. Grenewich, 7 March 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 March.343. Gardiner and Carne to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. xi. 75.
Carne arrived this night at Antwerpe with answer from the Queen concerning the letters delivered by Gardiner and also those received by Carne from the Council of 22 Feb., "for the letting of the passing of the Frenchmen through the Emperor's ground whereby to annoy your Majesty's East Pale." With difficulty, licence for 200,000 cr. is granted, so it be not of the "special stamp of this country." By it Mr. Vaughan doubts not to convey, if need be, 500,000 cr. As for victuals, they allege marvellous scarcity (indeed prices are higher than in England) and although the King may have such wheat as shall come hither out of Estland, they cannot spare any corn of inland growth, nor give general liberty for other victuals; but, upon knowing how much of each kind is required, they will grant what may be spared. Plenty of cheese may, they think, be had in Holland. Upon knowing what carriages are wanted they will allot such a number as may be spared; and they desire order taken for the good treatment of their subjects. They will write to Mons. de Rieulx to do what he may to stop the Frenchmen, and to the Emperor to require the French king to beware of any such enterprise because of the league with England, which the Emperor, in his treaty with France, reserved and will keep. They cannot indeed resist the Frenchmen so suddenly passing the plat country, but will keep succour from them.
Mr. Vaughan will send a good sum of money by Gardiner to Calais and therefore he tarries here all tomorrow. Antwerp, 7 March. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
7 March.344. Gardiner to Paget.
R. O.Now that answer is come from the Queen, I will return as shortly as I can. The weather is fair and the ways pleasanter than they were. "Master Governor showed me a letter written to him from a wise fellow (I know well the man) wherein is contained that the Dolphyn of Fraunce, casting a coffer out of a window, hath slain Mons. de Engyne. If it be so, it is foul weather there, though it be never [the] worse for us." Here a French "losel" has written, in fair Latin, "most foul matter mixed with abominable lies of our realm." Mr. Damsel delivered it to me and I send it to you. The man (who boasts of his knowledge) says that King Henry VII., being of the house of York, married King Edward's daughter, being of the house of Lancaster, and he says in his preface "that the cause why the Frenchmen conquer not us is want of knowledge!" Antwerp, 7 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
7 March.345. Carne to Paget.
R. O.My lord of Winchester and I have advertised the King, in our common letter, of the Lady Regent's answer concerning the passage of the Frenchmen through the Emperor's country, the letters whereof, dated 22nd ult., reached me no sooner than the 4th inst. at night; and, as the Lady Regent did not return from the Forest until the following evening, I could not speak with her until yesterday morning. In the evening I had the answer by the Countie de Lalayne and Mons. Score. Dr. Adrian van Burgh, one of the Council of Malynges, shall be sent to join with the Emperor's ambassador there about the merchants' causes. "Some say here that Mons. de Engeyn is slain in France by chance of a coffer cast out of a window." Andwarpe, 7 March 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 March.346. Vaughan to Wriothesley and Paget.
R. O.This day came to my lodging "a Highe Dowche a merchant of this town," saying that he had dined with certain friends, one of whom offered to lay a wager with him "that the King's Majesty would have another wife"; and he prayed me to show him the truth. He would not tell who offered the wager, and I said "that I never heard of any such thing, and that I was sure that there was no such thing." Many folks talk of this matter, and from whence it comes I cannot learn. Andwerp, 7 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
7 March.347. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.By Harvey, received a letter from the King's Council, the obligations of London, Paget's letter, and a bill of credit from Ancelyn Salvage to Vyncent Baldazar Guynigy and John Balbany. Intends to go through with the Fuggers' matter and send a lump of the money to Calles with my lord of Winchester, who is now here. Will write more thereof by Harvey in a day or two; but will here mention that the fustians can only be delivered as he formerly signified, and cannot be sold here without making "a fray" between the Fugger and him. Sold here, the Fugger must know that they are sold under his price, and he will rather be "flayed out of his skin" than abide that; "and, say the merchants there what they will, if it please the King's Majesty to have them sold in England they shall be sold; and here I leave to talk any more of that matter."
Has talked with the Margrave of the matter of espials of which he wrote to the King by Francis. The Margrave answers that he has indeed "lately come to many secret knowledges meet to be known" by the King, but may not declare them without the Emperor's licence, "specially seeing the French king and the Emperor are friends." There are men hired, in case the King come over in person, to fire sundry towns in England; and, if he abide in his realm, to fire Calles, Bulleyn and Guiznes. "More than this I could not get of him, but more shall get so soon as he shall have the Queen's licence; and for the having thereof I have devised a way with the King's ambassador here." Dymok is come out of Holland, to whom the writer yesterday delivered 2,000l. Fl., besides 1,600l. Fl. sent him before. He has bought 63 last of corn and is at a point for the rest of the 200 last; and gammons of bacon he has bought here, to be sent in maunds to Calles when any of the King's ships come to Seland; and he can always get butter and cheese, "which, together with the corn, shall be sent to Calles with the first wafters." Here is a hulk laden with corn to go into Portugal or Spain shortly; and in Holland and Estlande are many hulks ready to go towards the Bay and Spain, which the King may better take as they go than hire at Hanborow or elsewhere; and in the same way he may be served with corn. Jasper Dowche advises Vaughan not to stick with the Fowger about the fustians, which are of his own make and such as he will never suffer to decay in price. Has therefore appointed within two hours to despatch the matter. That done, he hopes to work for the 600,000 cr. Has spoken with Balbany for the 20,000 cr. of 6s. Fl., "and as he is a great 'whyner' and a man of no lusty disposition, neither now nor yet at any time before, so hath he answered me that, because I brought him no letters of advice with the said bill of credence from Ancelyn, therefore will he not meddle till his letters come. Whereof I thought good to advertise you, to the intent his letters may be sent." Upon the other bill of credence of Bonvyce, for 30,000 cr., brought by a messenger of the King's, now gone to the Lansgrave, Dyodati has already paid 22,000 cr., and will pay the rest to-day,—acting very honestly. He pays in crowns and must in crowns be repaid, with interest of 5 per cent, for six months. Paid Mr. Damoiselle 4,000l., as commanded by the King's Council.
The French king makes haste to be first in the field, and has 3,000 pioneers coming towards Bolleyn accompanied by 3,000 Pyamontoys. Haste you forward the King's things, "that he take not the place ere the King's folks come." I hear that one of your ships of alum is come into England and has brought a French prize with her, also laden with alum. "Let us play the men this year on all sides and we shall exceedingly increase the King's Majesty's fame and renoun." Andwerp, 6 March.
Desires to have the commission made to audit all his accounts, including those of faculties. Has no leisure to write to the King, to whom Paget may please to read these.
P.S.—As he has before written, has arranged to marry for the sake of his children and things at home. Begs Paget to obtain him the King's licence to bring his wife over to Calles and marry her there; and then after six days he would return hither, and his wife return to his house. Doubts not but that my lord Deputy of Calles would give leave for them to lodge and marry in his house. And if you signify that the King gives me "licence to marry there without banns or asking, so should I not be troubled to sue to my lord of Cantorbury for a licence, who therein will make no small scruple." I would bring over my wife by mid-lent at furthest. "I have adventured upon the widow of Henry Brynklow. I have long known the woman, whom I pray you send for to you and cherish for my sake. One pretty letter to Mr. Wyngfeld to Dover may help her to be wafted over, for I were loth the Frenchmen, should have her by the way."
Jasper Dowche has just sent his servant to me sitting at supper to say that the Fugger began to stay in this matter of 40,000l., but doubtless all should be well; and that within a couple of days I should know certainly. Andwerp, 7 March.
Hol., pp.7. Add. Endd.: 1545.
7 March.348. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.This day Martin Lopez, one of the Spaniards with whom I bargained for alum tells me that his ship has, in the Narrow Seas, encountered certain ships of the West of England which have taken certain of the alum. He half fears to bring more unless the King restore it or recompense him. Gentleness may give him occasion to do greater things for the King's profit; but, unless he "be restored, and his lead roundly and without delay delivered," he will no more meddle in like bargains and others also will be deterred. His bond is with John Griffith, my servant. Erasmus Schetz, in drawing the minute with me, says that the King should discharge him of custom for his corn. Was it so promised? A Frenchman named Bodon, who is in the Tower for a matter which I discovered last year, writes hither that the Council mean to discharge him; "but the party that first bewrayed him to me" lately told me that he has more matter against him, and showed letters from the French king's secretary for him (the party) to labour to get Bodon out of England, "whatsoever it cost." Evidently he has been used as an instrument, and if you deliver him you shall have him ten times more studious to work hurt, and the spies in England will be the more bold to work "those horrible things" that they intend. "Let good heed be taken to them, and watch in every place for firing of towns, both on this side the sea and in England also." Andwerp, 7 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1545.
7 March.349. Vaughan to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS
283, f. 218.
B. M.
By my lord of Winchester, who is in Antwerp, I send you 9 yds. of black caffa, in 12 Flemish ells, which cost 6s. 8d. the ell. No better can be got for the price. I have delivered 100 cr. for Venyce, for your son, and will send you the bill of exchange by my lord of Winchester. Pray tell Mr. Treasurer, Sir Edw. Wotton, that I send him, in my lord of Winchester's chests, "a piece of black velvet double gene and a piece of black satin," and the price. I am so often driven from my house, "having many children and things in my houses, that I have been compelled to take a wife. I have one, and one bath me; and, because I would avoid the keeping of ij. houses, I am minded to marry her as shortly as I can." Having no hope to go into England before Halontide, intends to send for her to Calais and marry her there. Begs Cobham to give her lodging and marry her in his chapel, "without any foolish wondering"; for Vaughan will not be able to tarry there past two or three days, "but must return, and so shall she." Andwerp, 7 March.
P.S.—I wrote lately to Mr. Wyat of the shameful robbery of Wynborne his man, to the undoing of an honest merchant here. If there remain in Mr. Wyatt's hands any more than pays him, help the merchant to it. "This time of wars is a sharp and hard time with poor merchants."
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: deputy of Calais.
7 March.350. J. Dymmock to the Council.
R. O.On 2 March received their letter of 19 Feb. Had it come eight days earlier he would ere this have had 300 last of wheat at Dorte, which is sold to men of Bruges and Flanders. Has bought 100 last of wheat at Dorte, and hopes for another 100 within six or seven days. It must be bought "by pascell meall," 20, 30 or 40 last at a time "as it does come, drawn out of the Ryen Stream"; but it is always better by the fourth penny than Estland corn. Is at a point to have 200 last of rye at Amsterdam. When he left Amsterdam all the rivers were frozen and no vessel could sail. Bought 100 barrels of butter, but bacon and cheese could not yet come thither for frost. His servants brought him on 1 March 1,600l. Fl. from Mr. Vaughan; and, on 3 March, he departed from Amsterdam towards Dorte, meeting by the way a letter from Mr. Paget (forwarded by Vaughan) of 25 Feb., with other letters to Mr. Watson, which he has sent on. Vaughan wrote that he should come to Andwerppe for money; and he came thither on the 5th inst. and has received 2,000l. Fl. Since coming hither, has bought 5,000 lbs. Weight of "gambons estryshe backon" at 2¼d. the lb. Will send it in "drye ffattes" to Bollen with Mr. Damesell's stuff. To whom is the corn from Dorte to be shipped at Calys, Bollen or Dover? That from Amsterdam should go in conserve with the whole fleet from thence, viz., "60 tall ships which goes part into Spayen and part of them to Browage for salt." In that fleet are two tall ships of Lubicke bound for Portyngal, the master of which desires him to write a letter to the Vice-admiral not to stay them for the King's service. Reckons that they would, in return, waft the "said ships with corn" as far as Dover, and so save the charge of sending wafters to Amsterdam for them. Asks whether the King will have that corn of Breame of which Chr. Koke wrote, the copy of whose letters he sent in French; and the Council have now sent it back, but no answer whether to buy the corn. In another letter Koke writes "that the borow master, named Diricke Vasemer, of Brame, he is come home from the lords which has been at Franckeford; and their tidings is so good, so that the merchants of Breame shall have leave for to ship out corn with the first open waters, whereas before there was a commandment given that none should pass from thence before midsummer." Has therefore written to Mr. Watson to "keep Kocke in stay for that wheat." Koke also writes that there is great store of dry fish called "roetscall and barger fyshe" now very cheap. Could get the King many mariners here in Fryeseland and Amsterdam at the wages which the Emperor gives, viz. 4 gilderns a month. The merchants of Brystowe have freighted two great ships of 500 or 600 tons in Spain which should arrive at Brystowe with the first wind and (being "well ordnanced, and tall men upon both ships") might be stayed for the King's service. About Easter the great ship of Breame shall be ready to come forth, a ship of 900 tons with 50 or 60 pieces of ordnance, and carrying 300 lasts of wheat. She might be stayed in the Narrow Seas to serve the King, since they refused the ships which Mr. Watson required. If the French meet with her they will stay her. I sent your honors the letter containing the answer which the lords of Hamborow made "him" and Jan Roedenborch's secret word that 30 tall ships go into Antollowsye and Browage, of which the King might, in the Narrow Seas, take his choice. Written in haste, 7 March, in Andwerppe, 1545.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd.
7 March.351. John Dymmock to Paget.
R. O.Received his letter of 25 Feb. in the way between Amsterdam and Dorte on 3 March. Repeats briefly the substance of his letter to the Council as to the corn at Dorte and the rye, butter, bacon and cheese at Amsterdam, his receipts of money (here he says that the 1,600l. reached him on the last of February), Chr. Koke's corn, and the "gambons of bacon" bought in Antwerp.
"Syr, so hyt ys that I have byn at dynner with me lorde of Wynnechester, and hys lordeshepes dosse laye sore to me charge for Courte Pennyncke, geve he shulde not serve well that hyt shulde be to my greate hurte and displeasure. Geve hyt schowld so be that he dyde not serve lyke an honeste man, as I do not dowbte but he woll do well, yet hade hyt byn reason that I hade byn put for to have byn hys comyssarys for to have pricked hym forwarde, wch I have done wth me letters not wth standynge." If he serve well, others will have the thanks, and if ill I, who have had the cost and pains, shall have the blame. Other men have been allowed 20s. a day, "and their fee for a year besides," and I my poor 10s. a day. I doubt not but you will remember poor John Dymmock when all men are helped; for if I might have gone about my own business these two years it had brought me 500l., besides the 200 mks. of my own which I have spent. Written in haste, 7 March 1545 in Andwerppe.
Begs him to call Mr. Curteys, the pewterer, and ask why he troubles the writer's wife unjustly for houses which he (the writer) bought of the King. She was with Paget about it, but he had "other things to attend unto." Prays him to favour her.
Hol., pp. 4. Add.: in Court. Endd.
7 March.352. City of Bremen to Henry VIII.
R. O.In reply to the King's letters of credence and message delivered by Win. Watson they profess great desire to gratify him, but as for ships very few large enough for his use come to their port (as they wrote last summer). Of grain there has not been such scarcity for a century past, but the King's agents may buy as much wheat, and also bacon (suillas carnes) and gammons as they can get.
Take this opportunity of writing to add that some of their citizens complain that the governor of London compels them to sell salt fish and other victuals below the market price, contrary to the privileges of the Teutonic Hanse. Trust that the King will see such innovations abolished; also that he will remember the loss of that ship which lately perished in his service at the Isle of Wight, of which they wrote more largely, not long ago, at the petition of the owners and captain (whose name is Dannow Hofsleger), that the loss may be compensated. Bremen, 7 March 1546. Subscribed: consules et senatores civitatis Bremensis.
Latin. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
8 March.353. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 344.
Meeting at Greenwich, 8 March. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Hertford [Essex, Admiral, Durham, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche]. Business:—Sir William Goodolphin, junr., had warrant to Williams for 2,000l. to be conveyed to the treasurer of Boulogne, taking 10l. for his costs. Hugh Concel, servant to Sir Edw. Wotton, treasurer of Calais, had warrant to the Exchequer for 3,000l. and letters to pay thereof to Gamboa for the Spaniards, till 26 March inst., 2,413l. and deliver the rest to the said Goodolphin for Boulogne. Sir Wm. Woodhous, master of ordnance of the King's ships, had warrant to Williams for 170l. 18s. 8d. for his wages, &c., to Christmas last. John Ogle had letters to Lord Evre to have the charge of 100 horsemen serving at Etle and Forde if Sir John Ellerkar depart to Boulogne, and that charge is to be continued. Letter to Lord Deputy of Calais, who had cassed five horsemen of Jaquez Granade that served this winter at Guisnes at the same wage as the Albanoys there, to re-allow the said horsemen and content Granade for their entertainment since their last payment. Letter to Lord Warden of —— (blank) marches that Robert Horseley, who served with 50 light horsemen of the waste of Glendall, at Woller, and was, at the Earl of Hertford's last return from Scotland, discharged upon an understanding that Sir John Nevell should replace him with inland men or men of the waste of West Tylle, might be restored to his charge; for Nevell had not provided the men required nor lain at Woller, but at Chillingham. Warrant to Williams to deliver Sir John Harrington, appointed treasurer for wars in this journey with the Earl of Hertford, 1,000l. Warrant to Carew to pay John Griffith, for Stephen Vaughan, 42l. 19s. 2d., according to a particular book, for posting money, and to continue like payments. Warrants for repayment of 400l. to Gerard Goore and 400l. to Ant. Aucher, money disbursed for the King at Boulogne.
8 March.354. The Privy Council to Vaughan.
R. O.Upon Vaughan's letters to the King and Paget, his Highness agrees in esteeming that the loan of 600,000 cr. with the gift of a jewel was "a device of Jasper Dutche's own head, which he cannot well bring to pass," and his Highness will not, by entering such bonds as the Foukers require, "seem unto the world to be brought so low as he should need, for that sum, to make them assurance by Act of Parliament." Doubt not but he will travail by all means to furnish the King's turn; and they leave to his discretion all charges of interest and "brocage" of the crowns, as they wrote in their last. Whereas now, besides the 30,000l. in money lent by the Foulkers, he will receive by exchange 20,000 cr. of Asselyn Salvage and 30,000 cr. of Anthony Bonvise; he shall retain the 15,000l. to be paid in April next, together with sufficient money for Damezel, Watson and Dymmocke, and deliver the residue to the Bp. of Winchester with his opinion whether the fustians delivered with the Foulkers' money will sell best there or here. Grenewiche, 8 March 1545.
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 2. Endd.: M. to Mr. Stephen Vaughan from the Counseill.
8 March.355. The Privy Council to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 357.
B. M.
Have received his letters and seen those to Sir William Paget; and have communicated the contents to the King, who mislikes not his opinion for the encamping of our men beyond Guisnes, if, upon consultation with the rest of the Council and with Gamboa, it appears that they may so encamp without danger, that victuals may be brought to them and that they can retire if the enemies come in great force. The King refers the matter to him. Grenewich, 8 March 1545.
P.S.—Money is delivered here to Sr de Gamboa for payment of the Spaniards, footmen, until the 26th inst. Signed by Wriothesley, Russell, Hertford, Essex, Lisle, Durham, Cheyney, Gage, Browne and Paget.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
8 March.356. [Paget] to the Earl of Surrey.
R. O.
Howard, 214.
I have received your several letters of the —— (blank) inst. and the —— (blank) inst. and shown their contents to the King, who thinks that the "captains cassed and their lieutenants," as serving without charge, ought to be content with the wages he offers, and may, as places fall void, be advanced "according to their demerits." And where you doubt which of them should be with you and which with my lord of Hertford; albeit it was written that such as had come over by your licence should return to serve with him, and the rest at Bulloyn re[main] with you, yet the King being uncertain which of them are here, means all to be there with you, and that my lord of Hertford shall take such as he has places for. "As for your diet this Lent time, his Majesty permitteth to your lordship's liberty; and thinketh not best, now that time of service, which will bring some trouble and disquietness unmeet for women's imbecilities, approacheth, that your lordship should send for my lady your wife." I have sent for Mr. Godolphyn this morning, and will, if he be not gone, send money with him for the relief of your men. It is now "in devising" whether men for the Old Man shall go from hence, from the seas, or from Guisnes, "but shortly you shall have them and money." As to my lord Gray's allurement of soldiers from Bullen, his Majesty thinks you "amiss informed," for lord Gray is not appointed to levy any new bands. Whatsoever any man who travails to set your two lordships at variance may untruly report, I do not believe that lord Gray would say that he had charge to levy new bands. True it is that, now at Hertford's going over, Francisco Agello (whom you recommended as having had a good charge in France) made suit to serve with 400 Italians and had grant of 200, and likewise Amerigo Antenori had grant of 200, and the King's old approved servant Tyberio of 100,—and these to be in the field, and therefore not under Salerno, who is appointed to the guard of the town under you. It is not meant that these should take soldiers from thence, and I have myself written twice, to Calais and Guisnes, ten days past, for proclamation to be made that captains appointed to levy new bands of Italians shall not admit any soldier already under any captain. As for Salerno's desire to be "coronel general" of the Italians, he is to be so for the garrison in Bullen, but (and this is to be kept from him) not otherwise, for divers of the Italians who have been coronels and captains would not serve under him, who never was coronel nor, "as they say, had scant the charge of a captain." At the beginning the King appointed your lordship, Sir Thomas Palmer and Rogers to order the fortifications, but, considering the uncertainty of the opinions of your lordship and Sir Thomas, his Majesty debated with Rogers and conceived certain plattes, the execution of which he committed to Rogers; requiring your lordship and Sir Thomas to "permit the order thereof" to him, and yet to advertise his Highness of anything which you might consider dangerous in the work. The King's opinion is that neither of you will for this or any other service bear the worse will to Rogers. "Your lordship knoweth the man is plain and blunt, which must be borne withal as long as he is well meaning and mindeth the service of the King's Majesty." Grenewiche, 8 March, at dinner time, 1545.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 4. Endd.: Mynute to therle of Surrey, viijo Martii 1545.
8 March.357. The Duke of Norfolk, High Steward of Cambridge University.
Add. MS.
19,398, f. 53.
B. M.
Acknowledgment of receipt of 4l. by the duke of Norfolk, 8 March 37 Hen. VIII., from the vicechancellor and University of Chambrydge, being one whole year's fee for the high stewardship of the University due at Michaelmas last. Signed.
Small paper, p. 1.
8 March.358. Council of Boulogne to Henry VIII.
R. O.
Bearer, Sir Richard Wyngfelde, was taken prisoner in the great service done to the King when the Frenchmen were repulsed, "in their camysada, out of Base Boulongne." He has remained ever since, 17 months, in the enemy's hands and is now returned ransomed so high that scarce all he has will redeem him. Recommend his service and beg favour for him. Bouloyne, 8 March 1545. Signed: H. Surrey: John Bryggys: Hugh Poulet: A. F.: Rauff Ellerkar: Tho. Wiatt: Thomas Palmer: Rychard Caundysshe: Rychard Wyndebank.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
8 March.359. Henry Earl of Surrey to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 359.
B. M.
As there is a great mass of victual arrived here, and my lord Great Master has sent for Mr. Rochester to Dover, "to talk with him for sundry causes of his Majesty's for this town," please address Mr. Mundye hither, and with him the ten wagons that were here at the last discharge of victuals; or else, with no carriages to convey the victual from the water side, it will take long to discharge. The King having already sent a great number of pioneers hither, and more being looked for, it is my duty to desire you to take order with Lord Gray and the captain of Newneham Bridge "that none of them come by you without passport," and that such as do so may be taken and punished, or else returned to me for that intent. Boulogne, 8 March 1545. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand.—The herring may as well serve for the provision of this town as Callais if you would let it pass.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
8 March.360. Gardiner to Paget.
R. O."Post scripta, ye shall understand that Master Damsel" has bargained for 3,000 qr. rye and 1,000 qr. wheat to be delivered at London or Calays, rye for 16s. and wheat for 25s., without any licence of this country. I advised him to accept the bargain and so did Mr. Vaughan, who says that the King has paid as much to others. Pray cause Damesyl to be written to "that it is liked there," so that he may have money of Mr. Vaughan for it. "Thus much M. Damsel desired me to write, which delayed the departing of this post till this morning." Antwerp, 8 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
8 March.361. Philip Duke of Stettin to Henry VIII.
R. O.The senate and consuls of his city of Griefswald have written again complaining that their fellow citizen Albert Hindersen, last Sexagesima, delivered 89 barrels (vasa) of beer to Wm. Allen, resident there, who was about to sail into Scotland with one George Dargatzen, mariner, and certain goods of his own and 72 barrels of beer. On the English coast Allen was captured by one of the King's captains, spoiled of his beer, money and clothes and imprisoned, and the mariner had to give 26l. 13s. 4d. st. for their ransom. Begs him to command his captains who spoiled them to make restitution. Datæ in arcæ (sic) nostra Wolgastium, anno Domini D.N. mdxlvi, die viij mens. Martii.
Subscribed: Dei gratia Philippus Dux Stettinensium, Pomeranorum, Cassuborum, Slavorumque, Princeps Rugiae et comes Gutzkouiae.
Lat. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.: The duke of Pomerland to the King's Majesty, viij Marcii 1546.
9 March.362. Canterbury Cathedral.
See Grants in March, No. 17.
9 March.363. Victuals and Men.
R. O."A rate of victuals, as well to serve c. men for one week in time of flesh as for the victualling of the same c. men for one other week in time of fish; and for c. men's victual by one month of xxviij days in flesh time, and one other month's victual for the said c. men in fish time; as also for one thousand men to be victualled for ij months, the one month in flesh and the other in fish time, with the prices for the same; as also their wages, diets, deadshares and rewards for like times."
Giving tables of the amounts and price of the biscuit, beer, flesh, butter, white herring, cheese and stockfish, and the estimated cost of other necessaries and of wages required for each of the above mentioned periods. The cost of 1,000 men for a month is in fish time 759l. 5s. 6d., and in flesh time 876l. 7s. 10½d.
Pp. 6. Headed: 9 March, 37 Hen. VIII.
R. O.2. A paper headed "This is the good booke whereupon letters wer sent furth for these men to be at Dover, xxo Marcii," viz.:—
Wilts (fn. 1) 500, Devon (fn. 1) 500, Heref. (fn. 2) 500, Leic. (fn. 3) 500, Walesf (fn. 2) 1,000, Spaniards 1,200, Italians 400, Cornw. (fn. 1) 300, Dors. (fn. 1) 100, Glouc. (fn. 2) 700, Somers. (fn. 1) 600, my lord of Hertf. 130, Lanc.§ 200, Rutl. 100, Worc. (fn. 2) 500, Mr. Seymour 50. [Of these the entries "Wales," "Spaniards" and "Italians" are struck through and "my lord of Hertf." added later; also in some cases the number 100 is placed after the other number.] Total 7,150.
"Item, in pioneers" 2,000. Sum. tot. 9,000.
P. 1. Endd.
9 March.364. Council of Boulogne to the Council.
R. O.
Howard, 217.
Yesterday morning arrived a great number of victuallers out of England, and the King's ships "from by West showed themselves on this shore"; upon sight whereof the enemies dislodged and lay that night within a league of Monstruell, although 4 or 5 new bands had come to their "renforce." The horsemen are returned to garrison and their footmen will dissever shortly. At Sanmer they did "square and stake out a fortress in like sort as they did at Estaples"; but it is thought to be done only to raise a bruit. Mons. du Bies this day takes his journey towards the Court. If their revictualment by sea had been empeached, according to our many advertisements, it would have troubled them to have made the same by land." Bouloyne, 9 March 1545.
Here are arrived and coming 1,000 pioneers who will consume much victual; and we have no advertisement from you how to use them. Signed: H. Surrey: John Bryggys, k.: Rauff Ellerkar: Hugh Poulet: Rychard Caundysshe: Henry Palmere.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
10 March.365. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 208.
Heard today that the King has been indisposed with a fever; but it cannot be dangerous as he passes the time playing at cards with the Admiral and other intimates. His principal medical man, Dr. Butts, died this winter. No more is said about the Irish, or about the Marquis and the Admiral. Expects that the latter will put to sea, as the French are said to have 16 sail out and to have captured 15 or 16 vessels carrying provisions for Boulogne. Most of these vessels were Flemish. The English fear that the Spaniards embarked in the North for Boulogne may also be taken. Preparation of ships is therefore hastened, and the largest vessels at Portsmouth are ordered to Dover. Although tired of the war, these people seem determined to sustain it on account of the King's desire to keep Boulogne; but their preparations are more for defence than offence. London, 10 March, 1546.
10 March.366. John Aylworth.
Add. Ch.
B. M.
Grant of arms to John Aylworth, of co. Somerset, by Chr. Barker alias Garter, "principall kinge of armes of Englesshemen." London, 10 March 1545, 37 Hen. VIII. Seal lost.
Illuminated parchment.
[10 Mar.]367. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.Has "driven all the drifts" possible, but has failed to bring the Fugger to more reasonable conditions for the emprunture of 30,000l. Fl. in money, and 10,000l. Fl. in fustians than comprised in Jasper Dowche's minute lately sent; and also is fain to promise that the fustians shall not be sold under the price paid for them, thinking it better to agree to such hard conditions than both to put off this bargain and others that may, with a little leisure, be made with him. To-morrow the contract shall be subscribed between him and Vaughan, who has already received 2,000l. Fl. of the money. Has not yet pressed for the contract of 100,000 cr. monthly; but, knowing from the Council's letters that the King desires it, he will travail therein with convenient diligence. Lately signified that John Balbany, to whom Ant. Vivalde's factor in London addressed letters of credence for 20,000 cr. of 6s., answered that, before paying, he must have letters of advice from Ancelyn Salvage. Yesterday Balbany came to say that he had received such letters and would pay the money. Upon your Majesty's letters the Queen has granted to the transportation of 200,000 cr., "so they be not of the Emperor's stamp and forge; through which I have no doubt to transport a more sum." On the 9th inst. arrived here John Bradley and Fras. Dod from the mayor and aldermen of London, bringing a letter from the Council requiring Vaughan to cause Dymok to buy corn for the city. Charged Dymok therewith, who happened to be then here. Yesterday Fernando Dassa, one of the merchants that sold the King alum, told my lord of Winchester and me that his ship was spoiled of much alum by ships of the West parts, one of whose company being taken as pilot afterwards ("because he would not have his fault known") ran the ship aground near Dover, and she is lost. He thinks that you cannot do less than recompense him, and fears that the other ships that are bringing the rest of the alum may refuse to come forward. It may please your Majesty to give order that these merchants, who are desirous to serve and are men of substance, may be encouraged. I send herewith a letter from the countie of Tekelenburgh answering that I sent from your Highness.
Sends declaration of what he will have received and paid by 1 April next, viz.:—Receipts: By bill of Bart. Compaigne (for 20,000 cr. at 6s.) 6,000l.; by bill of exchange of Sir Ralph Warren, Sir Ric. and Sir John Gresham and Sir Rowland Hill, 6,125l.; by bill of Ant. Bonvice to Jeronimo Diodaty (80,000 cr. of 6s.) 9,000l.; by bill of Ancelyn Salvage to John Balbany and Company (20,000 cr. of 6s.) 6,000l.; by contract with the Fugger 30,000l.: in all 57,125l. Fl. To all these, except the Fugger, is paid "provision, brokerage and interest."
Payments: To Brend and Brygenden, commissaries (3,000l. st. paid in 12,000 cr. of 6s. 8d.), 3,800l. Fl.; to Dymok 12,000l.; to Damesell 4,000l.; to Erasmus Schetz, in prest, 1,333l. 6s. 8d.; to Watson, now being in Estland, 2,000l.; sent to Calles, 20 Jan., to Sir Edw. Wotton (15,725½ cr. of 6s. 4d. and 33 stivers) 4,980l.; sent to Calles, 10 March, to Sir Edw. Wotton, by my lord of Winchester (in crowns), 7,133l. 10s. 2d.: total 35,246l. 16s. 10d. Fl. I sent to Calles "after this account written" (46 cr. of 6s. 4d.) 14l. 11s. 4d.; making the sum of all my payments 35,261l. 8s. 2d. Fl.
The King owes here in April about 18,000l. Fl., which must be paid in valued money. Signed.
P.S.—Being forced to leave his house in keeping of a family of young children, who since their mother's death are without an overseer or guide, he has been lately moved to ensure himself to a wife; and he begs that, when he has received all the money in this declaration and put things in order, he may have licence to come to London for 10 days to marry. Hopes within 14 days to do all this.
Hol., pp. 7. Add. Endd.: (blank) Martii.
10 March.368. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Excuses a longer letter as he writes largely to the King, and is now, at 2 a.m., wearied with writing, paying and receiving. Sends the count of Tekelinberghe's answer to a letter which the King wrote him; also letters from Chr. Mownt. Begs that, when he has received the money of which he writes to the King, he may come home and marry his wife. Asks for but 6 or 10 days at most. It is not their profit to keep two houses; and he would not bring her to Calles or marry her there because of the peril upon the seas "and the peril also in Calles, upon the coming thither of soldiers, of the pestilence." Hopes, ere he goes, "to work somewhat with the Fugger for 100,000 cr. monthly." Andwerp, 10 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
10 March.369. J. Dymmock to Paget.
R. O.This morning a servant of mine is come from Dorte, where two ships are already laden with wheat to abide, in Seeland, the coming of the King's ships. There is bought 100 last of wheat and 50 last of rye; and in four or five days another 100 last of wheat will be bought, by 20 or 30 last at a time. The ships had to give surety that it should go no further than Seeland or Flanders, but are freighted for Callis; so that "whilst Scypperyous is there" some way should be to get a letter to the customer of Dorte to suffer such corn as Joies Keldermans has bought (about 400 last) to pass, according to the Queen of Hungary's promise to Mr. Keron, without naming Estland corn (which needs no licence). I have sent to Brame for the 200 last of wheat of Chr. Koke, of which I wrote. I shall have 2,000 gambons of bacon shipped here within two days; and only abide here for money, "for Mr. Vaughan will pay none but unto me. News here is none but that Marten Lutter is departed out of this world, on whose soul Jesu have mercy! He died the 18th day of Februarii last past." Has heard certain things of Anthony Muesycke which he cannot write; but the man is not to be trusted and "when the wine is in" will "tell all, and more than is true." Has given Harve, otherwise Somersetes, a remembrance for Paget, and begs favour for his (the writer's) wife. Andwerppe, 10 March 1545.
Hol., pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost. Endd.: John Dymock to Mr. Secr., Mr. Paget.


1 The name "Capon" in margin, in each of these cases.
2 "Hopkyns" in margin.
3 "My l. Marques" in margin. "Apleby for Sir Tho. Holcroft" in margin.