Henry VIII
April 1546, 1-5


Institute of Historical Research



James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

Year published




Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Henry VIII: April 1546, 1-5', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1: January-August 1546 (1908), pp. 252-269. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80844 Date accessed: 20 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


(Min 3 characters)

April 1546, 1-5

April.506. William Lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O.Thanks for his appointment to Boulloign of which he has heard from the King's Council. If the King's pleasure for Hampnes is not already determined, recommends lord John Grey as of experience and courage to serve there. Writes this for the King's service "all lineal affection set apart." Camp at Hambletu, —— (blank) April 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 April.507. Lisle to Henry VIII.
R. O.On Tuesday, 30 March, found the earl of Hertford at Hable Estue viewing the ground for the camp. After the army was arrived and placed, showed Hertford the King's plat, "with the new addition thereof," in presence of Mr. Seymour, Sir Richard Legh and Rogers. All commended it; but doubted whether the ground would serve for five bulwarks or for four. After further view they "find the lieu more propice to fortify with four bulwarks than with five," as Hertford will doubtless signify by plat. Next day Hertford, Lisle, Greye, Seymour and Wiat consulted upon the enterprise of Estaples; and, as intelligence, by the trumpet of Callaies and others, showed the fortification there to be "past the danger of sudden attempts," it was concluded not to attempt Estaples, but take Samer and Daverne on the way homewards, as a training for the soldiers Supposes that when the camp is put in good defence Hertford will do this. Arrived to-day at Callaies, where a soldier from the Low Country brought word that he was warned by them of Montory that a band of Frenchmen would attempt some part of the Low Country to-night. The Lord Deputy and Council thereupon took order to resist the enemy "with the few company that is now remaining in these parts;" and sent word to the Lord Lieutenant. Callayes, 1 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add., with "haste, haste, haste." Endd.: 1546.
508. Ambleteuse.
Aug. I., i. 59.
B. M.
1. A pen and ink map of "Ambletw" and the river upon which it is situated; on a scale of 100ft. to the inch. On the left hand stands the church to the right of a thoroughfare leading from the river, and most of the thirty-two houses lie on the other side of that thoroughfare, although just by the river there are houses on both sides of the way. The river is represented as flowing from the right top corner of the map to the sea at the bottom, bending to the left towards the town and below it, and then again to the right in a semicircle. A narrow channel marked in three places "depe" is shown throughout its whole course to "the haven mowthe" at the "lowe water marke" which is shown along the bottom of the map. Opposite the town to the right of the river are "the Sand Hylles," and below them, where the river widens rapidly, forming a harbour, is "The shore towardes Boloigne." At the bottom of the map to the left is "The shore towardes the Blak Nesse," and about 400ft. above low water mark are "The Sand Hylles" prolonged towards the right as "The naturall pere," which pier is divided from the rest of the hills by a narrow channel and has a house standing near its point.
On paper, about 1ft. 10in. by 2ft. 6in.
Aug. I., ii. 68.
B. M.
2. A pen and ink map of "Ambleteughe" and the river on which it is situated; on a scale of 200ft. to the inch. "The church" is represented to the right of the town with a thoroughfare between. Inland above the town are marked "A hyll" and "A valley," and by the river side "A lytle valey" and "A hyll." Below the town facing the river is a triangular fort, and to the left of this is the inscription: "Thear is no higher grownde then the place that the towne stondeth on, the bulwerke to the londe warde stondethe of lyke heygthe, and dyssendyth a lyttle towarde the haven." In the middle of what seems to be the full breadth of the river at high tide is marked "The Chanell" which is within very narrow limits traced down to "The Haven mowthe" and the sea of which "the lowe water marke" is given. Above on the left hand is "the Shore to the Black nesse warde." On the right side of the river are sand hills, distinguished as low sand hills and high ones, and below is "the Shore to Boloign warde." Just above the haven mouth a small pier projects from the sand hills on the left towards the river with a house upon it named "the hows on the peere."
On paper, 1ft. 10in. by 1ft. 5½ in.
Aug. I., ii. 8.
B. M.
3. Plan (coloured) of "Haven Etu" or "Haven Etewe" on a scale, apparently of 100 [feet?] to the inch. Church and town have disappeared. The elevation of a pentagonal fortress alongside the harbour is given. It has a tower and bastion at each corner of the side facing the harbour and three other towers with bastions facing the land. Inside is an area over 5 inches in length by nearly 4in. (500ft. to 400ft.), with houses, geometrical walks and a square in the centre. From the upper corner of the fortress a bridge crosses the river to the sandhills where it is defended by a bastion isolated from the land (perhaps at high tide only) by an inlet from the river. A little way below this inlet is shown a pier or jetty extending more than half way across the harbour mouth towards the house at the point of the natural pier (§ 1). On the left of the channel which divides the natural pier from the sand hills is shown a fortified tower. Four ships are seen in the harbour.
A parchment roll, mounted, 3ft. ½in. broad by 2ft. 2in.
Aug. I., ii. 73.
B. M.
4. Another plan of the same (§ 3) on a smaller scale, and without so much detail. Inside the harbour is inscribed "Hauen Etue," and outside near the tower "For Hambletow." But both these inscriptions are of later date than the map itself.
On parchment, 1ft. 6½ inches by 1ft. 2¼ inches.
1 April.509. Lisle to Paget.
R. O.Advertises the King of the resolution, taken at Hable Estue, not to attempt Estaples; but thinks good to signify that, at his departing from the Lord Lieutenant, his lordship doubted the furnishing of the army with victuals, and had taken up butter, cheese and other victual at Calais or they "should have had lack within these two days." His lordship mistrusts that the victual supposed to be brought hither by the mean purveyors is still in the countries where it was provided. Was instantly desired by lord Grey to write that the garrison of Guisnes might be remembered, whose pay is 7 or 8 months behind. "And as touching F. B., (fn. 1) he was stayed here longer than needed and could not be suffered to depart till I came. The cause was alleged that he should not see the marching of the army; but there was way enough for the trumpet to have led him by." Trusts to-morrow, upon hearing of the proceeding of the enemy, to depart towards his charge. Scribbled in haste, 1 April 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
1 April.510. Sir Hugh Poulet to Paget.
R. O.Upon receipt of a letter directed to Sir Edw. Wotton, treasurer of Calyce, and him, from the Lord Chancellor, Paget, and the other executors of Sir Anthony Rous, for "search and stay" of such goods as Sir Anthony had at his death, sends John Bucke, the bearer, with an inventory of such goods at Bulloynge. Bulloynge, 1 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
1 April.511. Carne to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 90.
On the 29th "of the last" received their letters of the 26th, with a letter to be delivered to the Queen touching Courtpenyng's band and the corn at Dordright. The Queen was that day hunting and did not return before night; but next day he obtained audience at 2 p.m., President Score being present. She read the letter and asked if he had more to say. Said he would gladly have her answer to the letter. She said it was for two things, the corn and Courtpenyng's passage, and she marvelled that Courtpenyng came not hither that she might provide both for the King's service and the surety of the country here during the passage. Finally she said that she would consult her Council; and it was next evening before he got answer, she sending meanwhile for the duke of Arscot from Mownse. Had audience in presence of Arscot and Score. The Queen said she marvelled that the commissioners presumed to muster in the Emperor's land against the command of his Council in Gelders, and she "would not endure it, and recited Landeberke and Riffenberkes bands." After all Carne's attempts to pacify her, she said that if they attempted to pass before Courtpenyng's coming to her they should be hewn to pieces, and they must remove out of the Emperor's land before his coming or he should be hanged, she had sent to Mons. de Howstrade, governor of Gelders, to be ready to stop them. Told her that they had no place to remove to, and where they were was not the Emperor's land, but belonged to an abbess who had given them licence, as the commissaries informed him. She answered that the Emperor was defender of it, and it was in Gelderland; and bade Score read the complaints of the abbess of Elton and of the Council in Gelderland. She would nowise agree that the soldiers should pass while Courtpenyng was coming hither. (On the 30th ult. arrived Bastian Lucas from the Commissaries with a letter of the 27th showing that they were disappointed of their first mustering place and that Courtpenyng should repair hither immediately upon the despatch of the musters at Elton, which were well forward.) Told her he thought that Courtpenyng was on his journey hither and the post might not meet with him. She said that she would send him back again to remove his men. Answered that the Protestants would not suffer them to tarry in their dominions, and asked her to consider that if they came not forward the King's enterprises would be disappointed. She said the fault was the captain's, who would muster them in the Emperor's land and would not come to speak to her.
Bastian said that if the soldiers, coming without licence, were stopped, they would think themselves thereby discharged. Has therefore sent Francis the post to the Commissaries with the Council's letter and advertisement (copy herewith) of the answer made here. Is informed from a good place that Courtpenyng's coming would greatly pacify the Queen, though he came before removing his band, "and that the only thing why she would have him hither is that he should take an oath, after the men of war's sort," to return hither after his service to answer and satisfy any hurts done in the passage.
As to the corn she said again that she could make no other answer than before, viz., that she can grant no licence for the corn of Dordright; but for Hansterdame corn should be no difficulty, for that is from Easte Lande. There is therefore no remedy, unless from the Emperor himself, for the corn provided by Mr. Dymoke at Dordright. Could not himself do more if his life depended on it. "They be waxed here very stiff in their proceedings now of late. What the cause is I cannot tell." Bynkes, 1 April. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1546.
1 April.512. Carne to Paget.
R. O.On the 28th "of this" received Paget's of the 23rd, with letters to the Queen and to President Score. The President, on receiving his, said that Skyperus and the Emperor's other ambassador wrote that Paget desired them to get his help for the Queen's licence to transport wheat, for the King's provision, from Handsterdame, but he thought there could be little more there than was already granted. Through him, obtained audience the same evening. The Queen at once read her letter and said that the ambassadors wrote for her to license wheat, whereof she had already granted licence for 100 "lasters,' which is 1,000 qr., of East Land wheat, and more could not be spared. Carne said that he thought the ambassadors wrote for the corn Mr. Dymoke had provided at Dordright which has been laden these three weeks to the King's great loss and hindrance, "alleging the amity, the treaty, the corn to be outlandish, and that the King's Majesty desired but passage only, the necessity also that his Majesty had of it and the haste that it required." She answered that there was nothing she would refuse the King; but this she might not do, for the Emperor, her superior, had forbidden it,—it would be unreasonable for an inferior in England to grant what the King forbade. Told her that the King would never refuse her suit in so small a matter. Next morning asked the President what he would do further; who professed readiness, but said that as to Dordright corn he could not help; but for Hamserdame corn, which is from Estlande, there should be no difficulty. The Emperor's ambassadors' letters to the Queen "doth nothing move her"; indeed he never saw her and her Council so earnest as yesternight because of the musters at Elton, which she alleged to be in Gelderlande. She was for hanging and slaying both captains, commissaries and soldiers, and would listen to no reason. "Surely the commissioners will be in great doubt what to do till they hear from you, the case being as it is; for thence the Queen will have them to remove, and they have no place to remove to; forwards they shall not come till Courtpenynge hath been here, they cannot be suffered in no place where the Protestants hath to do, for fear of the Landsgrave, as Bastian telleth me, to whom the Commissaries willeth me to give credence therein, and other place there is none thereabouts. They here would be content they should remove, as far as I can perceive, to the county of Benton, or to the county of Lyngham, which is by there; but Bastian saith the lords there will not suffer them if they may resist them." If they separate they will be destroyed. Thought best that as Courtpenyng is coming hither, he should pretend not to have heard the determination here; for those here know that the Commissaries, being strangers, cannot remove without him. This may "take away the suspicion that the Queen conceived, and took grievously, that he came not" and may excuse their tarrying at Elton. Touching the Dordright corn "she is always in one song, that she cannot give licence for any passage thereof." Begs favour that his doings may be graciously taken. Bynkes, 1 April 1546. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
1 April.513. Mary of Hungary to Vander Delft and Scepperus.
viii., No. 232.
The English ambassador handed her the letters of Vander Delft and Scepperus of 25 March and requested her consent to the transit of Penninck's infantry. Replied that, in view of the damage done to the Emperor's subjects and those of Liège in the last two years by the men of Landenberger and Reiffenberg, which might have been avoided if the King's officers had listened to people here, the Emperor, before leaving Maestricht, ordered that Conrad Penninck should first come and satisfy her that his troops would do no damage. She could not contravene that order, but would so handle the matter as to cause no delay and not bring Penninck two days out of his straight road. In intimating this, the King's ministers must be given to understand that she wishes to please him, but must do her duty and protect the poor subjects in this time of extreme famine. As to the second request for 400 lasts of grain from Cleves and Julliers already laden at Dortrecht, the Ambassador had before pressed for permission to ship 80 lasts, and she refused, as appears by her previous letters. As the scarcity increases she is bound to retain wheat in transit from Cleves and Julliers, which can only be exported through these dominions; and if its export were permitted the grain of the home harvest, being exactly similar, would go too. The Emperor refused the king of Portugal 20 lasts of such wheat, and it is not allowed even to Spaniards. So large a quantity as 400 lasts would increase the price here; but the King may have 100 lasts from Oestland, and when conditions improve she will do her utmost.
The English ambassador also said that four horses belonging to an Albanian captain who was going to the King's service were stopped at Gravelines, as also were certain Germans; and he contended that by the last agreement at Utrecht the transit of horses and harness for the King's service was to be allowed. Her answer (detailed) was that previous notice should be given in such cases, and that she resented being blamed when such notice was omitted and complaint raised only after the wheat, horses and stores had been stopped.
Encloses copy of a note she gave the Ambassador, which was sent to her by the Count de Roeulx, touching a Flemish vessel taken by Lord Grey's people. An order should be obtained to Lord Grey to satisfy the claim and keep his people from pillage in future. It is no justification to say that the vessel was bound for a French port, as the subjects here may communicate with either French or English; and as the country of Artois is ruined, the people depend on their boats for maintenance. Master Adrien Vander Burgh left Malines eight days ago. With regard to the embargo in Spain his instructions are but slight, and Vander Delft may add to them.
As to their conversation with the King she can only refer them to the Emperor's letter. The King would not be displeased with terms similar to those given to Orleans, although she thinks that he would rather have something nearer his own realm than Milan.
Was about to despatch this when she received two letters from the Council in Gueldres, dated the 26th ult., reporting that in spite of their letter to Penninck not to bring his men into the Emperor's dominions, and especially not to Alten, which is attached to Gueldres although belonging to the abbess, he had arrived at Alten with eight standards of foot, intending to muster, and had asked their permission to remain a day or so. This they had refused, but they feared that he would pay no more attention to their second letter than he did to the first. Upon this the writer complained indignantly to the English ambassador, saying that the King's commissioners were proceeding as they did in the two previous years; but she would prevent the transit of these troops, since the promise to pass in small bands was not kept. The Ambassador's only reply was that Alten was not in the Emperor's dominions; and he tried to dispute with her as to the limits of her jurisdiction. She finally told him to order Penninck to withdraw or she would direct the four bands of horsemen in the neighbourhood, viz., those of Count de Hochstadt, Sieurs Brederode and Du Praet, and the Marshal of Gueldres, to attack him. The King and his ministers are to be informed of this, and shown how she is compelled to adopt this course by the fault of the King's officers, who have, from the beginning of the war, always refused either to take advice or learn by experience. If the King's service is retarded she will be sorry; but Penninck must first come to see her.
The Count de Roeulx thinks that the king of England might order that no pillage be taken in the bailiwick of Hesdin, which belongs to the Emperor although France occupies the fortress. The people there are not well disposed to the French, and might be useful to England. Asked the Ambassador to write to some of the Councillors on this, and believes that he will send to Paget. If the matter can be carried through, it must be done quietly.
1 April.514. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O.Encloses letters come this day from Anthony Musica. Whereas in times past the King had munitions from hence without paying custom, "I am now constrained to pay the custom, whereof I desire you to inform his Majesty." As the great army which the King prepares will need much gunpowder, has made enquiry and finds that he can prepare here 300 or 400 barrels at 8 ducats or 8½ ducats, which is 1½ ducats cheaper than hitherto. Saltpetre, which certain officers of the King's munition prefer to ready made powder, is not to be had here, and to bring it out of Almayne would cost much more than this powder and also require longer time to prepare. Trusts that the King will not need it, but knows that the 50,000 lbs. which he was charged to provide will be soon spent. Andwarpe, 1 April 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1 April.515. St. Mauris to Covos.
viii., No. 233.
At going hence to join the Court at Melun, thinks it well to write that the King continues inclined to peace and recently intimated to the Emperor, then journeying towards Ratisbon, his desire to carry through the marriage under discussion and make a new alliance in the persons of the Infante of Spain and the daughter who might be born to the Dauphine (fn. 2) ; and he insisted that he and the Emperor should recompense the duke of Savoy for Piedmont. The Emperor replied as before, that Piedmont must be restored, France retaining some strong places on this side of the mountains; and the more alliances the better. The French think to deceive the Emperor with such talk.
A Venetian merchant (fn. 3) now resident in London has seen the King, having been sent by the Admiral of England to sound the Admiral of France upon the possibility of reconciling their sovereigns. Negociations are now proceeding. If these fail the French will this year only attempt to recover Boulogne, without carrying hostilities into Scotland or England. Tries to get a copy of their plans. Recently spoke to the King about the Spanish ships captured by a Rochelle vessel in November last, and can only get answer that the claimants should come hither. Commissioners of the Emperor and France have met at Cambrai about maritime affairs, but the French refuse to restore what they have captured since the peace. Spanish merchants trading with England should be warned not to carry English property or the French will confiscate everything. The Emperor has written to St. Mauris that in future he will order Spanish ships to sail in flotillas, for safety. Depredations of Scottish corsairs must also be stopped. Hears that they linger in Breton ports, although they were before turned out of Norman ports. The French and the Pope are still at issue and the French prelates for the Council will not leave until after the recess of the Diet of Ratisbon. Begs for 500 cr. which Cobos promised to send. Paris, 1 April 1546.
1 April.516. Albert Duke of Mecklenburg to Henry VIII.
R. O.Knew by letters last summer the King's favour to him, and (because the King then signified that, the season being past and his affairs arranged, he could not proceed further with the Duke s offers) sends his councillor Joachim de Jetze, the bearer, for whom he begs credence. Datum in castro nostro Suermensi, 1 April 1546. Subscribed: "Albertus Dei gratia dux Magnopolenis, Slavorum princeps, comes Suermensis, et Staergardensis terrarum hereditarius dominus"; and m his own hand, "manu propria."
Latin. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
April.517. The Privy Council to Lisle.
R. O.The King, having lately sent towards your fleet a boat made here which is said to have made good way betwixt this and the Landes Ende (fn. 4) desires to hear "how she brooketh the seas and how you like her." Considering that the enemies have neither any great power on the seas nor are likely to "send shortly any such force as should require the continuance of his great (?) ships upon the seas," the King thinks that 7 or 8 of his great ships might be returned home; and upon knowing your opinion will advertise you what ships he will have discharged. The 13 "nu" (?) vessels will very shortly be with you, "and you also advertised of the names of every of them."
Draft corrected by Petre, p. 1. Endd.: M. to the lord Admiral, —— (fn. 5) blank) Aprilis 1546.
2 April.518. Prince Edward to Dr. Coxe.
Harl MS.
5,087, No. 3.
B. M.
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. of
Edw. VI., 6.
Thanks for letters, in which he notes love, goodwill and civility. Where Coxe writes that he owes more to the Prince than to the other boys here who have not written, protests that in writing he only did his duty. Begs him to accept this as the writer's own composition. Hertford, 2 April 1546.
Lat., fair copy, p. 1. A translation is printed in Halliwell's Royal Letters, ii. 6.
2 April.519. Anthony Cave to John Johnson.
R. O.Tickfford, 2 April 1546:—Has received his letters by his brother's lacquey and by Ambrose. Fells. In no wise omit to pay Mr. James Gage the money for the King's fells. Pay Mr. Cofferer 50l. or 60l. on account, and let Mr. Gage pay the rest on Palm Monday and get the purchase of the King's fells again. I have had them of Mr. James these 16 or 17 years, and would be loath to be cast off. Butchers. Wm. Burye's writing from Calais about Thos. Love; Robt. Tempest; Ric. Whethill. Wishes to pay Sir John Williams' clerk, and desires help of Johnson and Mr. Asheley. Rose's matter and Mr. Smith. The King's winter fells. Other business with his cousin Bromley (who is with Mrs. Dacres) and others.
Hol., pp. 4. Slightly mutilated. Begins "In most hearty wise, cousin Johnson."
2 April.520. Lisle to Paget.
R. O.Coming today to Dover I found that the King's ships are not yet come round the Foreland; but the wind has not been, these three or four days, good to come into the Narrow Seas. I hear that 17 Frenchmen lately came abroad, and trust, if they keep the seas, to send "some good news of our meeting." In last letter I forgot to report "the goodness of the haven (fn. 6) whereas the camps now lyeth, which by the persuasion of some folks, as I understand, my lord of Hartforde did, in his letters of late, discommend; which he confessed to me himself, being sorry that he had given so much credit to their flying tales." I saw eleven sail together come in at three quarters flood; and, the day that the army came thither, great crayers drawing nine foot entered after the first quarter ebb. Upon Wednesday last (fn. 7) at half spring tide 15 foot of water was upon the bar. I require you to inform the King thereof. It will be "the handsomest tide haven that his Majesty shall have on that side the sea." The alarm that "should have been given to the Low Country yesternight" proved nothing. Pray help to despatch bearer, my servant. Dover, 2 April 1546.
Desires that the lord Great Master would order Rolffe, the purveyor of victual for the Narrow Seas, to come hither; for he has left here a young man who is not able to exercise his charge. Here is scant seven days' beer for the army by sea.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.
2 April.521. Carne to Hertford.
R. O.This morning, had answer touching the horses arrested at Graveling, as well of the Albanoys as of the Almains who come to serve the King, viz: that the Lady Regent has written to the captain of Graveling that he has done well, but shall discharge all horses at present arrested. Henceforward if any be arrested before she has granted licence for their passage she will not discharge them. The President, who brought this answer said that lest, under pretence to serve the King, so many horses pass that this country shall lack, she will reserve to herself to judge therein. She received letters out of England yesterday showing that Hertford and other noblemen are already come over, and that Mr. Secretary Paget desires that they may be provided with "delicate victuals" out of Flanders; wherein she will do what she may, but the purveyors must resort to the captain of Graveling for the proportions they desire, and not go abroad themselves. Bynkes, 2 April.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.: Copie of Mr. Carnes l're to my lord of Hertford, ijo Aprilis 1546.
2 April.522. Carne to Paget.
R. O.Describes as in his letter to Hertford (No. 521) the Lady Regent's resolutions as to the horses and the victuals.
Captain Courtpenyng is looked for hourly, and they here would gladly have him come soon because their bands of horsemen are up, to stop the passage of the soldiers before his coming, and also to escort them and see that they pass without doing hurt. This the President told Carne this morning. The Queen removes today towards the frontiers for 12 or 14 days, and the Council to Bruxellea, "and so to return hither again." Bynkes, 2 April.
P.S.—The President has sent word that Carne "must to Bruxelles," for the expedition of Courtpenyng is referred to him (the President) and he thinks Carne should be there. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd: 1546.
2 April.523. Vaughan to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 220.
B. M.
By wagon I send a coffer packed with ropes and canvas marked as in this margin. In it is treasure of the King's; but unless there be great need, I would not it should be opened till my coining. I am commanded by the King's Council to pay it to Sir John Haryngton, treasurer of the wars, and will depart towards Calais about 7 April with more of the King's treasure. In the chest are four canvas bags, numbered, containing (amount in each bag given) 18,786 cr. If it is paid before my coming, take Haryngton's acquittance for it as "received of me Stephen Vaughan, agent for the King's Majesty in Andwerp"; but, for the sure telling of it, it is best to tarry till I come. I will bring you seeds. Pray send these letters with diligence to the Court. In haste from Andwerp, 2 April.
P.S.—The waggon departs this day at noon; but let it not be bruited that I send money, "for that would hinder my sending hereafter."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais. On the back is a copy of the mark on the chest, which goes to Simond Baker.
2 April.524. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.This day sends by wagon to Calles certain of the King's treasure, and will bring more himself on the 7th inst. Sends letters he has received from Dymok out of Holland. Andwerp, in haste, 2 April.
P.S.—Here is great clamour of robbing of certain hoys with woad and other merchandise and beating of the Flemings. The King during the wars will need this country, and therefore gentleness rather than roughness should be used.
Hol., p. 1. Add. (with request to forward letters herewith to his house). Sealed. Endd: 1546.
2 April.525. John Dymmocke to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 368.
B. M.
Sends bearer, his servant, for deliverance of the nine ships laden with rye, butter, cheese and bacon. Having no perfect knowledge from the King's Council how to distribute it, sends to Cobham to know to whom it shall be delivered first. Sends in four hoys to Cales 83 last 21 mude "and one scepell of rye," and also, in half and whole barrels, 38 barrels of Hollands butter. Divers of the barrels weigh above weight; for a barrel of butter should weigh 320 lb., viz. 300 lb. butter and 20 lb. allowed for the barrel. Must himself pay for the excess weight, and therefore desires that each barrel may be weighed as delivered to the King's use. Desires that his servant may be despatched shortly, so as to deliver the other five ships at Dover. Has now no servants and a continual ague. Had the Lady Regent been as good to the King as she protests, he would have sent Cobham 266 last of good wheat and rye which lies at Dorte in Holland; but he was fain to unlade four ships that had lain laden for three weeks upon the fair promises of the Regent to the King's ambassadors. Of these sweet words the King has had many, but they seldom take effect; "but it is and has been always, when the House of Bourgoyen woll have anything out of England, that then they will promise many things till they have served their turn, and then the promise before made is forgotten." Desires that the shippers of these hoys may not be compelled to serve the King unless voluntarily, for if they do he will be bound to recompense them whatsoever they demand. Was never so troubled with shipmen as he has been with the masters of these nine hoys; for no man here is willing to serve the King, because the King's officers polle them of their wages, paying them with 10 salt hides when 10l. st. is due to them. Above 20 shippers here offer to prove this; and it seems very lewdly done that the King should thus be slandered by means of his own servants. Trusts to send shortly from Brame some good wheat. Here is no news but that a Frenchman of 100 tons has brought hither about 60 tun of small hedge wines. Would have bought them for Calys if they had been good. This Frenchman would fain be doing with some of my hoys, but there is one here who has long served the Emperor in his wars, John Corteleven by name, a very rich man who has a pretty boat of 30 tons, very swift, in which he will himself go with 36 tall men, paying half the charges and I the other half; so that I hope to bring this Frenchman either to Calys or Dover. I beg your lordship to see that no man wrong him (Corteleven), for he means to serve the King with his boat and this Frenchman (if he take her), without wages if he may have all that he takes, making "portesalle" of such things in England. Amesterdame in Holland, 2 April 1546.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
3 April.526. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 364.
Meeting at Westminster, 3 April. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal [Essex, Winchester, Durham, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget]. Business:—Letter to Lord Admiral, enclosing copies of letters received this day from the duke of Norfolk showing that, owing to the absence of the wafters appointed to the Norfolk coast, certain grain ships had been taken. To Sir Ant. Kingston, Sir George Baynham and Sir Nich. Poynz, enclosing a commission to take up 400 Severn watermen and send them up to Sir Thomas Cawarden within twelve days, for an important affair. To my lord of Norfolk, that purveyors of grain and victuals in Norfolk and Suffolk who were also collectors should not make payments but bring all their receipts to the Exchequer, to be repaid from thence to such as the chief commissioners for provisions thought most needy. Letter to —— (blank) to assist Francis Brysket, factor to Anselin Salvage, now going into Ireland in the Dolphin, 350 tons, master Antony Seleyia Jennas, to barter wares for salt hides, &c., at Drogheda, Dublin and other ports; this in consideration of Salvage's services. To knight-marshal and council of Boulogne, to examine Surrey's accounts, which he had left raw and uncertain, thinking to make them up at his return, and allow his diets till the day of entry of Lord Graye. To Ant. Aucher, whose bakers, brewers, coopers, &c., as my lord Great Master wrote, had gone on strike (described) to call in the aid of the lieutenant of the Castle and the mayor, send the ringleaders hither in surety "like men of evil disposition," and let the rest "so be handled as they might recompense for their offences accordingly." Warrant to treasurer of Augmentations to deliver 2,000l. to Richard Knight, servant to my lord Great Master, for victuals for the navy.
3 April.527. Paget to Lisle.
R. O.The King has heard the contents of your letters both to me and to himself, and thanks you, but marvels why my lord of Hertford and you and others should think good to slack the enterprise appointed for Estaples, considering the importance of the overthrow of that fortification. As you are informed that it may not now be attempted with a sudden assault, the King agrees with you and, unless you know "the force of the enemy to be such as you shall be raised," wishes you to continue about it three or four days. You are to consider what may be done. Victuals sent over to Ambletew or Bulloyn may be conveyed after you directly to Estaples. His Majesty prays you to put to your helping hand in this, and to send the effect of this letter immediately to my lord of Hertford; also to send for Garbrand of Lisle and take order that he or some assured servant of his own be sent thither and bring a certain report of the state of Estaples, promising that his pains herein, as heretofore, shall be well considered. "But this matter may not be slept, nor no day omitted whereby the same may be advanced." As your friend, I write that the treasurer of the Admiralty's accounts are so "ill favouredly framed" that we cannot tell what is become of 2,000l. If you know where it is bestowed you will do well to write to me thereof.
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 2. Endd.: M. to my lord Admyrall, iijo Aprilis 1545 (sic).
3 April.528. Richard Preston to John Johnson.
R. O.Anno 1546, at Glapthorne, 3 April:—Trusts that Johnson and the writer's mistress are well, as his young mistress and all the servants are. His great horse learns well. Asks what to answer if Grene, of Somarbe, send for the corn which Ferne took deliverance of. At Owndall market on Saturday was great demand for fells, and buyers sought for them at the town's end before they reached the market, but the writer secured some. Mr. Brodnell bade the writer pay his rent to Mr. Anthony, and was content to tarry for it till his mistress returned if she come before Easter. Ferne's affair. "Fotherenggay Colleg is lyke to goe downe, for thar hays beyn surwyeris and hays wreytyn alle the gudes abowt howis; and one fleis is gone, as the best crose and iij challessis of gowld and a holle sowt of copis of gowld."
Hol., p. 1. Add. "To his worsshupfull Mr. Johne Johnson, marchand of the Staple at Calles, in Lyme Streyt, thes be dd. at London."
3 April.529. Hertford and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O.By last letters Hertford signified that within two or three days after fortifying the camp, taking down the old walls of the houses in the town and making the ground plain, they would see better to set forth the King's device for the fort to be made here. Find now that if the King had seen the ground the plan could not have been better. The more they consider the haven the better they like it, thinking that with small charge it may be made equal to that of Boulogne. It is reported to be the best fishing place on this side, and indeed "the soldiers daily at low water take good quantity of white fish, muskles and cockles." As to the King's pleasure, declared by the Lord Admiral, for an exploit at Estaples, it is thought not to be attempted, considering that the Frenchmen there are in number as many or more than we could bring, and that the wind might not serve for the Lord Admiral to assist, and also because Estaples is reported to be already fortified by the 5,000 or 6,000 pioneers there, and the town could not be held without winning the castle, "which is made massive." Hertford today received intelligence from Bulloigne that the Frenchmen have finished their fort at Estaples and are now cleansing the haven for their galleys, some of which are expected within eight days. This is confessed by prisoners, taken yesterday by the captain of the Albanoyes, who also declare that on Thursday last (fn. 8) the Frenchmen revictualled their fort with 20 ensigns of footmen, who came to Hardylowe and returned to Estaples. Camp at Hambletewe, 3 April 1546. Signed: E. Hertford: Wyllyam Grey: T. Seymour: Tho. Wiatt.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
3 April.530. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.Perceives by Paget's two letters that he is to take with him the Lord Admiral, Mr. Lee and Rogers to view the pieces at Bulloigne, &c., and intends to go thither this afternoon and employ tomorrow in the work. Wrote to the Lord Admiral, who had gone to Calais before receipt of the said letters, and expects him today (if not already departed thence). Lee and Rogers may at present be spared, as it will be Monday before the ground for the fortress can be cleared of old walls. When ordnance, munition, victuals, and especially tools to work with, are come, such expedition shall be made with the fort as has been seldom seen, for the writer has broken the matter to the captains, and all their men desire to work therein. No marvel that the ships with ordnance, etc., are not come, as the weather these two days has been so stormy and foul. Advertised him before of the worst of the haven there. Now, albeit the best of the spring is not till today, there was yesterday 18 ft. of water on the bar at full sea, and 14 ft. within the harbour; and with the wind in the worst quarter the vessels within lie well and safely. "I am daily more and more in love with it, and trust to see the same one of the best on this side the seas." Camp at Hambletewe, 3 April 1546.
P.S.—Seven sail are just arrived, and not past one of the King's provision. His pinnace reports other 15 at Dover who lost a fair tide this day. Suggests changing the name of this haven to "the New Haven in Boloynnoys," because the old name was not perfectly known.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
3 April.531. Brende and Brigantyn to Henry VIII.
R. O.Yesterday received a letter from the King's Council "declaring that passage was granted for the soldiers without Courtpenyng coming to the Regent," and another from the ambassador, Mr. Carne, declaring the contrary (points recapitulated). Although Courtpenyng could ill be spared, "yet, with much labour ere we could bring him to it," the musters ended and the soldiers paid, he departed towards the Regent the day before the receipt of the letters. Must meanwhile remain here, for forward they may not pass, and behind the country is likewise shut up with horsemen, "the lords being in greater doubt than before by reason of our lying still." Since the letters first sent from the Emperor's council in Geldre, they have not been admonished to remove. To pacify the lady of this ground they have made her a present of 200 guylders, and have also distributed somewhat to the commons and promised more. Experienced men say that they never saw such soldiers as these eight ensigns, 2,983 "elect personages and old lance knights, armed and weaponed according as it is covenanted." Shutting them by ensigns within the cloister walls, the writers replaced 700 who were in the rolls by others of more ableness, and took 100 extra to supply the place of such as might miscarry. Courtpenyng showed himself trusty and diligent, and has saved a month's wages "which the soldiers should have had for their return." Lucas Frynger, as clerk of the musters, has done right well. Camp at Elton, 3 April. Signed: John Brende: Jhon Brigandyne.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
3 April.532. The Same to the Council.
R. O.To the same effect and mainly in the same words. Elton, 3 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
3 April.533. John Brende to Paget.
R. O.By the letters of 27th ult. Paget would understand how they came hither and were mustering. Have since accomplished their charge in that behalf, and, in eight ensigns, mustered 3,000 heads, using "marvellous diligence to shift the rascall from the herd," as will be seen by the letter to the Lords. Are now "holding the wolf by the ears, in doubt to hold and in danger to let go," as the Regent will neither have them pass nor stay here, as will be understood by Mr. Carne's letter and their answer (copies herewith). Thus, "in matters of impossibility, not altogether void of counsel," desires Paget's protection. Camp at Elton, 3 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
3 April.534. [Brende and Brigantyn] to Carne.
R. O.Yesterday, by Fraunces, we received your letters of the last of March, and others from the Lords of contrary tenour. Courtpenyng had the day before departed towards you; and the camp, in his absence, cannot be removed. Nor, if he were here, can I see how it could be done; for before we are stopped and behind enclosed with horsemen. The Protestants, seeing us remain here and horsemen assembling in the Emperor's dominion, suspect our joining against them; therefore, we being the worse favoured for the Emperor's sake, "she" should the sooner see to our despatch. Between this and Hambrough we were put from every mustering place; and even from this ground, where commonly men of war assemble for all princes, we had abstained had we known that the Emperor had jurisdiction (as he has not, but only as protector). The lady here denies that she made any complaint, but only signified our coming; and, in token of contentation, she has received a present of money "and the commons have received towards their damages and more shall." If Courtpenyng be not soon despatched all will be marred, for the soldiers will not have money left to pass forward, "paying well, specially having to go so far about." As men who cannot counsel against impossibilities, we have despatched Fraunces to the Court, by whom we forward this letter to Andwarpe. Camp at Elton, 3 April.
Copy in Brende's hand, pp. 2. Headed: To Mr. Carne.
3 April.535. Brende and Brigandyn to Paget.
R. O.Since the sealing of these other letters, a secretary of the duke of Cleves came hither, with whom we treated for the passage of these soldiers, who must pass the Ryne and the Mase within the Duke's country. Boats are promised; and the secretary declared the Duke to be most ready to gratify the King. Elton, 3 April. Signed.
P.S.—"This bearer saw this day the soldiers in order of battle. Somewhat he can show you if it please you to enquire; and of divers other things which wanted (sic) of time and business have letted to write."
In Brende's handy, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
4 April.536. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 367
Meeting at Greenwich, 4 April. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Cheyney, Gage, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler. Business:—The matter of the fray, at two times, between Strickland and the two Bellinghams referred to Lord Wharton to "set them at agreement," and Strickland re-committed to the Fleet with licence to repair to Wharton when sent for, returning every night to the Fleet. Robert Bonham, the youngest brother of the Bonhams, was, for striking a priest and evil behaviour, admonished and re-committed to the Fleet. Warrant to Thomas Chaloner to pay Sir Henry Knyvet 200l. towards charges of himself and the 100 men he now leads to serve under Hertford beyond sea. Three warrants to the Exchequer to deliver to Ant. Smythe and John Hornewold 16,000l. to be conveyed to the treasurer of Boulogne; to Hugh Counseill 10,000l. to be conveyed to the treasurer of Calais; and to Robt. Legge, treasurer of the ships, 4,000l. Passport for Don Andreas Carillo, Spaniard. Four warrants to the Exchequer to pay wages (specified) to Robert Legge (137l. 2s. 8d.), Wm. Broke, surveyor of the ships (137l. 10s. 8d.), Benjamin Gonson, clerk of the ships (61l. 18s.) and Ric. Howlet, keeper of the King's storehouse at Deptford Strand (32l. 13s. 4d.) Letter to Hertford, lieutenant-general beyond sea, that whereas bearer, Matthew Lightmaker, late captain of Clevois horsemen, now handed over to Vollard Vanderlugh and Peter Hoen, was paid up to 3 Feb. last, and since then has imprested money to certain of those Clevois which now, by reason of his cassing, he cannot recover out of their wages, his lordship should take order that Vollard, Peter and Lightmaker's debtors should between them see him restored to what he had advanced. To Mr. Holdyche that, whereas upon the ruin of the church of Middle Harling, Norf., that parish was united to West Harling, the King's pleasure was to quench contention about the remains by assigning the bells and lead to his own use, the chalices and ornaments to the use of the church of West Harling and the stones to be at the disposal of the lord of the soil except those (if any) needed to mend the church of West Harling.
4 April.537. Chelmsfoed.
R. O.Indenture, made 4 April 37 Henry VIII., between Thos. Mydleton, of Spryngfeld, Essex, and Thos. Myldemaye of Mulsehame, Essex, of the release by Mydleton of certain enclosed ground in the Westfeld next the stile called Mulsehame Stile in the parish of Chelmsford.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.: A copy of an indenture.
4 April.538. Lisle to the Council.
R. O.Has received theirs of the 3rd inst. with copies of letters from my lord of Norfolk and others concerning lack of wafters upon the coasts of Norfolk and Suffolk and "the apprehension of some particular gentlemen's grain," there being a French ship with two tops and a pink or two upon that coast and none of the King's men of war but Hunt of Yarmouth in a bark of his own under 30 tons. About the 11th or 12th ult. the King's ship Trinyte Smyth, 160 tons, was sent out of Thames thither, to be a continual wafter of the King's victuallers towards Calleis, Boulloign or Dover. Her captain's name is Gilbert Grice, a gentleman born in those parts and of good skill. Out of the Narrow Seas on the 20th ult. was sent the Marie Fortune, of London, 120 tons, captain Thomas Ranger, yeoman of the Guard. There is also Hunte's bark, 40 tons and upwards, which both sails and "rows with oars." Two more ships appointed to go thither out of the Narrow Seas were sent by my lord Great Master at his being here to conduct provisions to Porchmouth and have not yet returned; but the other three are sufficient, considering the army with which the King keeps the Narrow Seas, and if they have no other excuse than yet appears they deserve great punishment. For safety of the victuals now coming hither, sends two men of war towards the coast of Flanders and two to Norfolk. Dover, 4 April 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
4 April.539. Carne to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 93.
Yesternight arrived Captain Courtpennynge with whom Carne went this morning at 8 o'clock to the President. The President said he would despatch Courtpennynge with expedition but must speak with him alone, and prayed Carne to leave them. The thing here required is that he shall satisfy hurts done by his soldiers in their passage, and not, during these wars between the King and the French king, serve against the Emperor; and hereof the President would have him seal a bill. The President despatched to Mons. de Haulstrade to suffer them to pass, and to the Queen to signify his expedition here, that she might instruct the captains of bands where she is. The President moved him to serve the Emperor who would provide him with a good pension which he might take together with that of the King. He answered that he could be content to serve the Emperor before any man next to his master, but could grant to no service without first knowing the King's pleasure. "The President would have had him to dinner." The soldiers must pass by routs of 10 to 40, and each "rutmayster" have a bill of the names of his men, "that none other loiterers leap in amongst them." Has signified this to the Commissaries with the soldiers. Bruxelles, 4 April.
P.S —The President showed Courtpennynge now, when he brought his bill of promise, that he should not depart far hence till answer came from the Queen, in case she will have anything further observed in the passage. The President has also sent to Carne to have a messenger ready to be sent to Courtpennynge. For the passage in Haulstrade's absence, the President has written to the Chancellor of Gelders at Arnain. Courtpennyng sends instructions to his lieutenant and captains, and tarries at Andwerpe till the Queen's pleasure be further known. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
4 April.540. Carne to Paget.
R. O.By the letter herewith to the Council he will understand Courtpennynge's arrival and expedition with licence for the passage of his band to Callaies. Wrote to Paget, on the 2nd, in a packet sent to the Lord Deputy of Calais, the Queen's order for passage of horses through Graveling for the King, viz., that henceforward licence must first be requested and will not be unreasonably refused; also that delicate victuals for the nobles who come over at this time are to be obtained through the captain of Graveling, to whom the purveyors must bring their proportions, which if unreasonable, he shall reduce. Received yesterday morning a letter from my lord of Westminster reporting that the Lansgrave van Hasse, the Palsgrave and the abp. of Magunse met the Emperor as Spyrse, from whence the Emperor departed on the 30th ult. towards Ratysbone. "The saying in the Court here is that Mons. Counde (?) is sent from the Emperor to the king of Romayns to fetch one of his daughters for the duke of Cleves."
Begs him to remind the treasurer for the writer's diets. Bruxelles, 4 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
4 April.541. John Dymmok to Paget.
R. O.Has this day received a letter from the King's Council touching the corn. Had in four ships, at Dorte, 115 last of wheat which, having been laden 25 days he was constrained to remove into garners, paying the shippers 40l. Fl. or 5l. more than their half freight, because while they were so laden the wind was twice at N.E. for four or five days together. His trouble in receiving money at Andwerpe and riding to Byncks to speak with the Queen brought on an ague which was continual for six days and like to prove fatal. Mr. Carne, the King's ambassador, writes that upon a letter from Skypperus and the Emperor's ambassador which he delivered to the Queen, he has plain answer that none of the corn at Dorte shall pass. Desires to know what to do with it; for it is 266 last of wheat and rye and cost nigh upon 3,400l. Fl. Was at a good point, by bribes, to convey away the four ships when letters came from the Queen and President, which the customer showed him, "so strait that it was no more but body and goods." If he had the corn here it would sell at a profit of 2 dallers the last for rye and 3 dallers for wheat; or, by bestowing other 4,000l. Fl. at Dorte, the King might "brynge a great of the coren in hys hande, and so to lay hyt up in garnars, and so doynge he shulde be sure to brynge hyt to such a pryce that they wolde be glade to geve a good gayenes for to have hyt." Has at Amesterdam laden nine hoys with 152¾ last of Estland rye, bacon, butter and cheese (particulars enclosed). Would not have had more bacon and gambons than he bought at Andwerppe, but his host, to whom he had given commission, bought it while he was away at Andwerppe and Byncks. Was "never tossed so from post to pillar" as in this voyage, being at Amesterdam, at Dorte, at Andwerppe to receive money in 20 places, at Byncks, and back at Amesterdam, from whence to send his three servants to Brame, to Dover and Calys and to Dorte. There is lading at Brame 300 last of wheat, viz., 100 for Dover and Calys, 100 for London and 100 for Newcastle. The great ship of Breame still waits for her anchors and ordnance. Paget shall know, in time, of her departure and what wheat she carries.
A post has just arrived out of Sweden who says that at Stockeholmme two ships of war like galleons are prepared to go into France, and that the French king lately had an ambassador with the king of Sweden. In the Narrow Seas the King may learn why they go. Dymmoke's informant is "a substancyall of this towen wch dosse favour the K. my master well, and he dosse occupye in Sweden, and he dosse reken veryly that thys twoe shepes shall carye some monnye unto the French K. wch the K. of Sweden dosse lennde hym." Amesterdam, 4 April, 1546.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.
4 April.542. Edmund Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 95.
The Venetian ambassador has returned from Constantinople and reports that Ferdinando has sent an orator to the Turk for another year's prorogation of the truce. The Bishop of Rome has imprisoned the Duke of Florence's secretary and seized his writings. The Imperial orator, "lamenting" upon this, was answered by the Bishop that the secretary was rather a spy than a public person, having never "negocid" with him or with Cardinal Fernesye, nor brought letter of credence, and that he had certified the Emperor upon what ground he proceeded. The rumor of a conspiracy in which the secretary was intelligent is esteemed a fable, considering the Bishop's known hatred of the Duke of Florence, both for old causes and for the late expulsion of certain friars from Florence for sedition. The Bishop's ire is "passing furious" and can neither be restrained by old age nor dignity. It is also written from Rome that the French should send 12 persons to the Council at Trent to procure a censure against your Majesty; but I hope that such a censure will one day be executed against the French king for his execrable league with the infidels. "Of the Council at Trent I hear nothing worthy memory, but that it dependeth upon the Diet of Ratisbona." It is divulged for certain that the Marquis of Guasto is dead and John de Vegla, who was ambassador at Rome, come to Milan as governor. Don Ferrante Gonsaga was looked for at Naples, coming to the Emperor. Italian "soldates" are in great expectation of the King's service, it being reported that he will have a good band of them; and divers Albanes are already gone with a good band of horsemen towards England; with Harvel's letters to the King, who is reported "to entreat soldates best of any living prince." Venice, 4 April 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
5 April.543. The Mint.
In Bristol and London. See Grants in April, 37 Hen. VIII., Nos. 1-8.
5 April.544. The Privy Council.
A. P. C, 370.
Meeting at Westminster, 5 April. Present: Privy Seal, Essex [Durham, Cheyney, Gage, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler], Business:—Passports for Matthew Lightmaker to his own country; for Ant. de Santa Cecilia, Spaniard, to serve under Hertford; for Annibal de Modole, Italian, to serve over the seas. Placard for John Ribault to take up a cart and horses for conveyance of his stuff between this and Dover.
5 April.545. Henry VIII. to Mary of Hungary.
R. O.Begs credence for his Councillors, Mr. Richard Rede, one of the presidents of his Chancery, and Sir Edward Carne, his ambassador with her, who are joined in commission to fulfil the articles concluded at Utrecht between commissioners of the Emperor and him touching the examination of the books, registers and dues of the customs in the Low Countries, and also to declare things in which his subjects and merchants trading there find themselves grieved. Grenewiche, 5 April 1546.
French. Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 2. Endd.: M. to the Re[gen]t of Flaunders, —— (blank) Aprill 1546.
5 April.546. Scepperus and Vander Delft to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 234.
Upon invitation received yesterday from the principal lords of the Council, saw them this afternoon at Westminster, where the King is staying. Had just received and partially deciphered her letters of the 1st inst. Before a numerous assembly of Councillors, Winchester addressed the writers to the effect that a cavalry force had been ordered to oppose the passage of Conrad Penninck's troops and threatening words used against them to the King's commissioners who requested it; it was said that Penninck would have to take oaths which might be to the undoing of the force which at great cost the King had brought to the mustering place. Secondly, transit was refused for grain at Dortrecht which the English had bought in Cleves, Julliers and other markets outside the Emperor's territories As these facts were contrary to the treaties and the recent interpretation of them, the Council desired to know at once what to expect; and if they were persisted in the King "would take his own course." Replied that they were astonished that Penninck had changed the mustering place from Nieuenhausen to Alten. an abbey under the protection of Gueldres, without giving notice to the Queen, or to Buren or Hochstadt, her governors nearest to Nieuenhausen; and also that Penninck had not visited the Queen to arrange about the road to be taken, considering the dearness of provisions. If Penninck's men took what road they liked others might, under cover of them, commit outrages and then flee to France, to the King's prejudice. Could not believe that either Penninck or his men would be forced to take oaths prejudicial to the friendship between the Emperor and the King; but it was necessary to protect the Emperor's subjects from spoil, since the King paid those troops so liberally. Imputed the fault to Penninck, a mercenary man who had served in several countries and must know that in passing through any prince's territory it was necessary to settle the route beforehand. As to the grain, some of the Council told them eight or ten days ago, that it was purchased outside the Emperor's dominions, and therefore probably, the less objection would be made; and the Queen had granted transit for 100 lasts of Oestlandt grain from Amsterdam, which was a good beginning; a considerable part of the 400 lasts at Dortrecht had been harvested within the Emperor's territories which were pressed with famine. The Council answered that they desired to know the writer's opinion; if Penninck's men were not allowed to pass, the King must consider what course to take before incurring further expense; and their offer to replace the grain in six weeks was reasonable. Replied that assuredly no obstacle would be put to Penninck's passage when he had arranged the route, and as for the grain, everything possible would be done; they would report to her and beg her favourable consideration.
Seeing the possibility of great changes arising out of this business, as they recently wrote, the case needs close consideration, for many reasons, some of which, with other important points, they write by a special courier; this letter being sent by the Council's courier, who say that an hour's further delay of Penninck's passage may ruin their entire undertaking. London, 5 April 1546.
5 April.547. Charles V. to Vander Delft.
viii., No, 235.
Has received his letter of the 10th and that written jointly with D'Eick of the 22nd ult., and approves their proceedings. Supposes that D'Eick will have already left, and therefore, depends on Vander Delft to press the points of the aid and the depredations, without again referring to the marriage. If approached on that subject, he must confine himself to the expressions used by D'Eick; and remind the English that they were to write to their ambassador here on the subject. Upon opportunity, he may tell Winchester that D'Eick was instructed to mention the marriage in consequence of his advice that it should be discussed. He must send the Emperor or the Queen Dowager frequent information about war preparations and occurrents. Dunkelspiel, 5 April 1546.
5 April.548. Council of Trent.
R. O.Extract from the roll of prelates at the Council of Trent, 5 April, 1546, of names of (1) Reginald Pole, Card. S. Mariæ in Cosmedin, diaconus, Concilii legatus, Anglus, (2) Robertus Venancius (or Venantius Vauchop), archiep. Armacan', Scotus, and (3) Ric. Pattus, ep's Vigornien', Anglus.
Modern transcript from Rome, p. 1.


1 Francesco Bernardo.
2 Don Carlos and any daughter apparently who might be born to Katharine de Medici. Her eldest daughter Elizabeth, who afterwards became the third wife of Philip II. himself, was only born in this month of April 1546.
3 Francesco Bernardo?
4 The North Foreland.
5 The exact date must have been the 24th, as appears by No. 682.
6 Ambleteuse.
7 March 31.
8 April 1.