Henry VIII
June 1546, 16-20

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1908

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'Henry VIII: June 1546, 16-20', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1: January-August 1546 (1908), pp. 534-546. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80858 Date accessed: 29 November 2014.


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June 1546, 16-20

16 June.1073. The Privy Council to Vaughan.
R. O.The King has received his letters showing his communication with Jasper Douche touching an emprunture of money, wherein the said Jasper seemed grieved at the provision made here for discharge of the King's credit in Flanders. Vaughan shall signify to him that, considering how that discharge concerns the King's honor, and how desperate an answer both he and the Fugger's factor made therein, it was necessary to take order therein, although the King would rather have employed him. "Nevertheless, as his Majesty could have been well contented to have entered with him for the whole of this bargain which he now offereth, were it not both that his Highness hath respect to the great enterprise that he hath already in hand for the Emperor (wherein he would not for his sake the matter should quail), so, to let him to wit that his Majesty tendereth his goodwill to serve his Majesty, albeit there is order already given for the discharge of the whole credit, yet we will, by his Majesty's commandment, stay the sum of 200,000 crowns, so as Jasper will furnish now at this next mart, in time convenient for our purpose, 150,000 crowns and the rest, which is 50,000, in copper at such price and upon such interest for the whole as is mentioned in your letter." And his service therein will be acceptably taken.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: M. to Mr. Vaughan, xvjo Junii 1546.
16 June.1074. Hertford to the Council.
R. O.16 June.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
16 June.1075. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.You shall receive herewith "the portraiture of a monster lately taken in such parts of the seas as may appear unto you by the subscription of the same." It was brought me "by a gentleman, one of the strangers soldiers here that came out of Flaundres, who affirmeth it to be true." For its strangeness, I send it you, to use as you think good. Bearer, Mr. Norton, desired to carry this despatch; and if he have suits there, pray further them, for he has served well. Newhaven in Bullonoys, 16 June 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
16 June.1076. The Duke of Longueville to the Queen his Mother [Mary of Guise].
Balcarres MS.,
ii. 60.
Adv. Lib.
Edin.
The King is sending you the treaty of peace between him and the King of England; which gives me great hope of seeing you soon, for, if you are not pleased to come hither, I assure you I have great desire to go and see you there; "et suys la assez grant et fort pour endurer le passaige de la mer," as the bearer can tell you. Monsieur, Madame, and all my uncles are here in pursuit of our process "qui est encorez sur le bureau." Commendations to the "petite Royne, madame et seur." Paris, 16 June. Signed: Francoys d'Orleans.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
16 June.1077. The Cardinal of Lorraine to the Queen [Mary of Guise].
Balcarres MS.,
ii. 122.
Adv. Lib.
Edin.
Hearing of the bearer's going to Scotland, writes to inform her of his desire to do her service in any way. Refers her to the bearer for news. Paris, 16 June 1546. Signed: V're humble oncle, Le Caral de Lorraine.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A la Royne d'Escosse. Endd.
16 June.1078. La Touche to the Queen [Mary of Guise].
Balcarres MS.,
iii. 136.
Adv. Lib.
Edin.
Has been at court to solicit to the King to pay his ransom. Has been 6 weeks in the doctors' hands and is no better. By advice of Monsieur and Madame, his wife went to court to solicit his business, and the Cardinal presented her to the King, who said it was only reasonable to pay it, as I was taken in his service. Nevertheless the Admiral afterwards arrived and gave them a very bad answer, so that, ill as he was, he was ready to mount on horseback. The Cardinal sent to his wife telling her to go to the Admiral whom the King had ordered to pay the writer 400cr. They have put her off till tomorrow morning. Thinks he will do it, as the King commanded him. Begs her, however, to have regard to the rest which it may have cost him. Is bound to Mons. de Vassay and Capt. Sery and others who helped him in his need. Hopes, if his troubles abate, to go to her and do her service. Paris, 16 June 1546. Signed.
Fr. pp. 2. Add.: A la Royne. Endd.
16 June.1079. Madame de la Touche to the Queen [Mary of Guise].
Balcarres MS.,
iv. 15.
Adv. Lib.
Edin.
I made bold to write to you by le Maitre Mandoce who intended going to you, but today I found him at court, and he has all my letters. I have not since left this town on account of my husband's illness, who cannot pursue his business, and I am compelled tomorrow to follow the court, by command of Monsieur and Madame, to know the end of what it pleases Mons. the Admiral to do for us; for the King has commanded him to deliver some money. Madame, Monsieur and Madame and Monsieur your son are writing to you by Mons. d' Ausy and your brothers are all well. Paris, 16 June 1546. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A la Royne. Endd.: Madlle de la Tousche.
17 June.1080. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 456.
Meeting at Greenwich, 17 June. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Winchester, [Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Wotton]. Business:—Thomas Wyngfeld, of Dover, had letters to restore certain pitch and dried haddock to Peter Breye, factor of Enstace Caignaert, burgess of Myddelborowe in Selond. Letter to mayor. &c., of Dartmouth, to assist Angulo to recover his goods from Wm. Hollond. Letter to the same to assist bearer, Francisco de Vichiano, to recover 200 balettes of woad and other goods spoiled from the Spanish galleon Seint Marye of Rentarie (fn. 1) by English adventurers in April last and conveyed to Dartmouth. Letter to my lord of Hertford that the bearer, Edmond Hussey, had acknowledged his fault and offered to repay the King the residue of the 65l. received of Sir John Williams, and therefore part of it should be stayed out of his wages, and his bond taken to pay the rest when he received his pension. York herald had warrant to Williams for 20 mks. in prest for diets, etc., attending Mr. Treasurer into France.
17 June.1081. Mason to Paget.
R. O.This messenger, returning from the Emperor's court, certified me that peace is concluded; "wherin I do, beside the common wealth's cause, much rejoice on your behalf, who seemeth to be born for the good of the world, so luckily proceedeth such things as you have to handle." This affair, so necessary for us and for the world, you have so framed that we cannot too much praise God who chose such commissioners. "Nothing remaineth but so to knit off the thing as no occasion be of breach, wherein you must well look that you winch not up the string too strait." God send you long life many good ends to make—and to help me home, or at least let me have commission to declare this joyful tidings to him with whom I have to do. Spires, 17 June 1546.
We hear that the Emperor meaneth I wot not what. "If it so be, then will they seek that for a time hath been sought upon."
P.S. (written outside under the address).—I wrote yesterday both to the King and you.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
17 June.1082. Henry Duke of Mecklenberg to Hertford.
R. O.His servant Volradus a Luhe, with the consent of the King of France (fn. 2) and of Hertford, went from Britain into Germany upon certain business of his own and of the King of France, (fn. 2) promising to return as soon as possible to Hertford's service. Begs Hertford to excuse his delay and to favour him. Stargard, 15 cal. Julii 1546. Subscribed: Henricus Dei gratia dux Megapolensis, princeps Vandalorum, comes Suerinens., Rostochiorum ac Stargardiorum dominas. Signed: "Heinricz m.p." (manu propria.)
Lat., pp. 2. Add.: Generosissimo Comiti domino Erhardo Comiti Hartfordensi, magno Cambrelano, etc., serenissimi Regis Galliæ Angliæ et Hyberniæ exercitus supremo capitaneo et gubernatori, amico nostro charissimo. Endd.
17 June.1083. St. Mauris to Prince Philip.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii. No. 279.
Improbability of an attack on Navarre. On the 8th inst. peace was concluded at a place between Ardres and Guisnes by the admirals of France and England. Negociations occupied two months. Boulogne and its county, except the fort constructed by the French last year, remain to the English for eight years, at the end of which term the French pay two millions in gold for arrears of pension, war indemnity, etc., together with the pensions due for the eight years, which will make 800,000cr. more and are not payable till then; whereupon England shall restore all to France, including the new fort near Marquise. The Scots are included. The peace was proclaimed at Paris on Whitsunday (fn. 3) with solemn procession, the King being in Paris at the time. The lord Admiral of England is coming to obtain this King's signature and oath to the peace, and to stand sponsor, as the King's proxy, for the young princess of France. As soon as peace was settled both sides dismissed their armies. The French lansquenets were only 2,000, and the other 10,000 men at arms who are French are being distributed by the Admiral in the border towns. Some will be needed even in Picardy. The Admiral will shortly come to the King and then proceed to England to get the oath and ratification there. With first favourable wind the French galleys will sail for the Mediterranean. One of them, under Baron de Blancard, was recently captured by the English. Shortly before the peace, was a great skirmish in which several French nobles were taken prisoners. Normans and Bretons are preparing to go to Brazil, and may molest vessels coming from Peru. No letters from the Emperor for nearly six weeks. Paris, 17 June 1546.
18 June.1084. Loans to the King.
See Grants in June, No. 45.
R. O.2. "The names of the spiritual men in the North parts which have remitted and given freely to the King's Majesty our Sovereign Lord their privy seals for the loan," viz.:—
Master Thomas Magnus, 500l.; Mr. Wm. Dente, clk., 200 mks.; Cuthb. Marshall, clk,, 200 mks.; Wm. Cliftone, clk., 80l.; Marm. Bradeley, clk., 80l.; Lancelot Salkelde, clk., 100 mks.; Robt. Davell, clk., 100 mks.; Robt. Rogers, clk., 60l.; Gawen Boradale, clk., 50l.; John Wilsone, clk., 40l.; John Keldewikke, clk., 40l.; Wm. Dariens', (fn. 4) suffragane, 30l.; Geo. Palmes, clk., 20l.; John Colteman, clk., 20l.; Thos. Fraunke, clk., 20l.; John Hastinges, clk., 13l. 6s. 8d.; Edm. Wursley, clk., 10l.; Wm. Burden, clk., 10l.; Chr. Assheton, clk., 10l.
P. 1. Endd.
18 June.1085. The Contribution.
See Grants in June, No. 46.
18 June.1086. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 458.
Meeting at Greenwich, 18 May (sic). Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Winchester, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Wotton]. Business:—Warrant to Pekham to pay Barth. Fortini 2,000l. to be made over by exchange. Sir Thomas Cheyney, sent to France to execute for the King at the christening of the Dauphin's child, had warrant to Carew for 194l., viz., for the lady mistress 66l. 13s. 4d., the midwife 40l. the nurse 40l. and the rockers 120 angels. Thomas Gifford, appointed to search Latymer's things in the country, had warrant to Cavendish for 10l. for his costs. Certain merchants of the Steelyard having petitioned to have certain grain taken off their hands which in the voyage hither was so impaired as not to be of the quality they had bargained to bring, letters were written to —— (blank) to take such of the grain as he might make shift to use, and also to speak to them of the Maison Dieu to take some. Letters (1) to Sir Wm. Godophin and Sir Hugh Trevinion, (2) to Sir Giles Strangwishe and Sir Thomas Trencharde, and (3) to Sir Ric. Egecombe, to arrest certain pirates who, as signified by a complaint of the Steelyard and a certificate of John Kyllegrew, had seized a Lubeck hulk laden with grain on the Cornish coast, and set the master and mariners adrift in the boat. Letters general to justices, mayors, &c., to assist bearer, Francis de Ugart, to recover wine and woad (mark given) which being laden by Peter de Aperebes. Spaniard, at Burdeux for Bristol, was spoiled at sea by English adventurers. Like letter for Barth. Fortini as proctor for Sancheo de Villa Monte of Antwerp, to whom Bernardyne and Diego de la Torre of Cevilla despatched from Andelozia the hulk Seint Oloff of Enkhoysen in Holland laden with 24 pipes of sweet oil and 60 "serons" of white soap (marks given), which hulk was first robbed by Sir Thomas Seymour's captain, Robert Bruse, of part of her lading, which he discharged at Ilfordecombe, and then captured and carried into Ireland by an adventurer owned by Richard Goodale of Mountes Baye.
18 June.1087. Richard Markes to Anthony Bourchier.
R. O.In Sarum, 18 June 1546:—It has pleased God to take my good wife out of this "wordell;" yet, notwithstanding, when the time comes, I pray you to appoint the Queen's audit at my house as you have done, and you shall be well used. Praying you to have me commended to my mistress your bedfellow.
P.S.—My gossip, John Corryett, and his bedfellow also, have themselves commended. "Yff hit wold plese yew to send us yewr jentelletter to Mr. Sweche, kypper of the Quyens park of Gyllyngam ffor a pec off a booke, I trust wye wyll recompens yew in wyene at yewr commyng, God wyllyng."
Ps. 1. Add.. "To the right worshipful Mr. Antoni Burshyre, being auditor to the Queen's highnes in Sylver Strytte in London."
18 June.1088. Privy Council of Scotland.
Regist., 30.Meeting at Ardrossan, 18 June. Present: Governor, bp. of Orkney, earls of Argyle (Ergadie) and Cassillis, abbots of Paisley and Cupar, lord George Douglas. Business:—Assurance taken between Archibald earl of Argyle and James Cannochtson and their adherents.
18 June.1089. Carne and Rede to Paget.
R. O.Since our letter of the 13th, the commissaries appointed to join with us say that the registers of Brabant will soon be ready, but, as the Lady Regent arrived not until yesternight, they had no leisure to confer the griefs with her. The registers of Zelande which we saw are of recent date, except one which begins with a quire containing generally such customs as have been taken (herewith copy in Dutch and translation in English), but no word of the customs of which the English merchants complain, "except nails only." We call diligently for other registers. Occurrents here be none. Men say that the wars be now towards Peymont, and the Emperor preparing on the Prince of Peymont's behalf as in "a cause of the Empire." Bruxelles, 18 June 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Copy extracted out of certain quires of proclamation papers (groot acht bescreren bladeren papiers) fastened and bound before the first account by Claes Willemszoen of the toll "van yersickeroert gedaen," of one whole year beginning 12 Oct. 1436 and ending 12 Oct. 1437, remaining in the chamber of accounts in Holland.
Agreement of the English merchants, the gold crown reckoned at 3s. 6d. g., viz. Item, 1 sack English wool, 10d. g., item, 1 sack Newcastle wool, 8d. g., etc. (detailing the various articles of merchandise).
Dutch, pp. 4. Endorsement pasted on: The copy in Dutch of the customs of Zeland.
R. O.3. English translation of the list of duties given in § 2 with heading "The tolle or custom of Zealande paid by the Ynglysshe merchanttes occupyenge the said contrie of Zealande anno 1436, the Frenche croone then beinge vlewd in the said contrie at 3s. 6d. g. Fl."
Pp. 2. Endd.: The copye in Englyshe.
18 June.1090. Carne to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 222.
Receiving on the 16th, very late, your letters of the 13th, on the morrow I spoke with President Schore and the Council here for the passage of soldiers returning from the King's service homewards; and was told that on the Queen's arrival that night from Bynkes I should have answer, and doubtless she would take order for them to pass quietly, paying for what they took. This day about 11 a.m. I received yours of the 15th to use diligence in the said matter, and accordingly I have obtained the Queen's answer by the President that they shall pass quietly, and she writes to Mons. de Buys to see that they are not staid nor molested. The President requires me to learn whether the Scots are comprehended in the late peace with France, since the Emperor only declared them enemies at the King's request and has no cause of war against them; the French ambassador said that they were comprehended, but the Queen thought it expedient to know thereof either by the Emperor's ambassador resident there or by me here. Undoubtedly she is very desirous to know, as several of the Council have been in hand with me therein. Bruxelles, 18 June 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
18 June1091. John Dymock to Paget.
R. O.Arrived at Brame, 15 June, to finish the matter concerning. 100 last of wheat that Mr. Watson bought and 200 last which he himself bought. This, 200 last was to cost on shipboard 53 dallers besides freight and adventure of the sea, while the 100 last was to come at the merchants' adventure (and Watson paid for it 500l. Fl.) with the first open water. Upon the promise that all the 200 last be laden within eight days after Easter, sent Hendricke Kenkell and Chr. Coke 3,000l. Fl. and they desired that four hoys and four lodesmen might be sent to convey it to Newcastle, as no ships at Brame would sail thither. Sent two hoys on condition that if detained at Brame longer than fourteen days they should each have 6s. 4d. Fl. a day; but they found there nothing but excuses that the corn was arrested in Brwonyswycke, Volleffenbudell and Selle, and the writer was fain to send to England for the King's letters to the rulers of those places. Finally the hoys were detained 30 days after their time and he had to give their masters each 9l. 6s. 8d. They are gone to Newcastle with 60 last of wheat; also there is gone to Calys 18½ last, and another ship is almost laden with 36 last. Will not take more if he can get his money back, as corn is fallen in England; but the men he has to do with are at present absent. Meanwhile desires a sharp letter to the lords of Brame declaring how lewdly their townsmen have served the King; also to know how much of his 100 last Mr. Watson has received, for these merchants pretend to have sent as much as the said 500l. Fl. comes to. It will be hard to get the money back and better to take the wheat than forbear both.
News here is that the Margrave of Norenborch takes up 24 ensigns of footmen and 2.000 horsemen. The earl of Oldenborech has already about Brame 800 horsemen and daily takes up both horsemen and footmen. Some say that they are for the Emperor, some for the Prodestantes and some for the French king; but here they are reckoned to be for the Bishop of Rome and the Emperor against the Prodestants, and commandment given in all Evangelical towns and countries not to go forth.
Begs favour as Paget shall see cause by the "certyfycacions" which Mr. Vaughan shall send. Could have sent more, but had only five days to tarry in Dorte, and two of them were holydays whereon the lords do not sit in justice. Sends the "escusse which that Duke Mowrys of Sacxkeson dosse make" against those who slander him of treason in getting Duke Hendrycke of Brwnysveke into the Lantgrave's hands. Could not get one in Latin, all were in Dutch. Brame, 18 June 1546.
Hol., pp. 4. Fly leaf with address lost. Endd.: John Dymocke to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget.
June.1092. The Privy Council to Hertford.
R. O.The King has seen your letters to us, with the estimate sent from Mr. Treasurer there, and we are to signify, 1. that Lord Gray shall remove into the castle of the High town and take charge of that as well as of the whole, a lieutenant being no longer needful; and Sir John Brudges, late lieutenant of the Castle, shall for his good service be advanced to the office of high marshal. 2. Adrian Poynynges shall be captain of the Citadel [and Welford his lieutenant] (fn. 5) ; and Edward Dudley captain of the Young Man. 3. Lord Sturton to be captain of the fort at Newhaven, and Sir Richard Candish captain at the Blacknesse "as was written to your Lordship heretofore," and Captain Callard to be Candish's lieutenant. As to the displacing of Mr. Wiat; by our letters of 10 May the Ring meant the placing of a man there only for a season, because you intended to remove the camp to the Master of the Horse's hill, and reserved to himself the nomination of an "established captain"; so that by this alteration your honour is "nothing touched." 4. The entertainments of all captains and officers shall be ordered after the general survey which the King means to have shortly. 5. Being advertised by you that the French army is clearly dissolved, the King means to dissolve his; and therefore, when assured that the French are not only retired but dissolved, you shall dismiss the strangers (first essaying whether any will inhabit the country) and also all Englishmen, saving such as shall furnish the garrisons according to the enclosed schedule. And because the King is informed that "there be in Bulloyn many ill men in garrison," you shall pick them out and send them hither, "where we shall deal well enough with them." Induce some of the Englishmen "to inhabit in those parts there." 6. The requisite money shall be sent you with all diligence; and, as Mr. Harington is appointed to be a commissioner there for the quartering out of the grounds, the King desires him to tarry on that side for a time. We send "a book for the better information of Mr. Treasurer touching the conduct of the Englishmen."
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 4. Endd.: M. to th'erle of Hertford, —— (blank) Junii 1546.
R. O.2. [Schedule above referred to].
"Numbers of the horsemen and footmen appointed by the King's Majesty to remain in his Grace's garrisons on the other side the seas till his Majesty's further pleasure be known," viz.:—High Bulloyn: men at arms, each with two horses, 50; light horsemen, single, 50; footmen, 700. The Citadel: footmen 80 in the "small citadel" and 120 in "the other citadel." The Old Man: f. 400. The Young Man: f. 50. The fort at the master of the Horse's camp: light horsemen 40, f. 200. The fort at Newhaven: light h. 40, f. 300. The fort at Blacknesse: light h. 80, f. 100.
"Crewes besides the ordinary":—At Guisnez castle: h. 50, f. 100. Guisnez town: f. 200. Hampnes: f. 50. Newnambridge: h. 20, f. 50. The four bulwarks in the Low Country: f. 200.
Added in another hand.—There is sent over to Bulloyn to be there in crew, entering wages 16 Sept. 1546, footmen 900. There were stayed there of footmen who should have been "cassed" and who enter wages——(blank), Sept. 1546, 400. Wages for the month, allowing to every hundred a captain, petty captain and standard bearer (and 25 of each 100 being hacquebutiers at 8d. a day) 3,541l. 10s.
Pp. 2. Endd.
19 June.1093. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 461.
Meeting at Greenwich, 19 June. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Winchester, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Wotton]. (fn. 6) Business:—Warrant to Pekham to deliver Sir Ralph Warren, Sir Ric. Gresham, Sir John Gresham and Sir Roland Hill, 2,000l to be exchanged into Flanders. John Hindmours had warrant to Pekham for 1,000l. and to Williams for 2,000l. to be conveyed to Sir Edw. Wotton, treasurer of Calais, and for 10l. costs. Letter to Deputy and Council of Calais with schedule of extraordinary garrisons to remain viz., at Guisnes castle 50 horsemen and 100 footmen, Guisnes town 200 f., Hampnez 100 f., Newenham Bridge 20 h., and the four bulwarks in the Low Country 200 f. Lord St. John, who "emprested 50l. given by reward to the two Maxwelles," 11 Jan. last, had warrant to Williams for it dated 11o Januarii. Popyns Sybrant, complaining that he could not get justice at Bristol, had letters to the mayor to execute his office. Letters to the wardens of the Borders signifying the peace with France and "abstinence of war with the Scots in case of their keeping their treaty, unless they shall minister new occasion to the contrary, for intimation whereof to the Scots it was agreed that respite should be given for one month"; and lest Scots of the base sort, for lack of living at home, should attempt to enter England, to the pestering and hurt of poor men here, the wardens are to see that none enter without safeconduct; the contents of this letter to be kept secret. To Deputy and Council at Calais, Lord Gray at Boulogne, Mr. Aucher and the mayor of Dover, to take order for victual and transport of horses with the Lord Admiral and Admiral of France. Thomas Kyme of Lincolnshire, who had married one Anne Ascue, called hither, and likewise his wife (who refused him to be her husband, without any honest allegation"), sent back to his country until sent for, and she, as obstinate in reasoning of religion, wherein she showed herself of a naughty opinion, sent to Newgate to answer to the law. One White, who had "attempted to make an erroneous book" and in examination showed himself of a wrong opinion concerning the Blessed Sacrament, also sent to Newgate. Letters to Sir Thomas Cheyney for his train to avoid giving offence to Frenchmen. Warrant to treasurer of the Chamber for 125l. given in reward to Mons. Dessy and 10l. to Francis Pitcher for his journey to Antwerp and back.
19 June.1094. The Council in England to Sir Thomas Cheinie, "being upon his voyage, to France."
Holinshed,
iii. 974.
You are in the King's name to declare to such gentlemen as accompany you into France that they behave among the Frenchman, both on the way and at the Court, so as to give no occasion of displeasure by reference to feats of the war past. They should either say nothing unless provoked, or call the things that happened fortune de la guerre without comparison of events on either side, but turn the conversation to peace. "And for so much as there want not in the world naughty men of the state of monks and friars, who for malice of the alteration of their estate here, would gladly defame our religion towards God, as though we had with them cast out all," his express pleasure is "that considering, at this first entry of you, the behaviour of your company shall be much marked and noted in matters of religion," they should have the more regard to their behaviour, forbearing "to dispute or intermeddle with the state of their policy there," and in their diet on fish days and devout hearing of mass, follow the order of the King's realm; so as their conversation and behaviour may be confusion to such as would defame this realm in the contrary. Greenwich, 19 June, 1546. Signed by Wriotheseley, Chancellor, W. lord Seint John, J. lord Russell, Bps. Tunstall and Gardiner, [Sir] Anth. Brown and [Sir] Wm. Petres.
Add.: "To &c. Sir Thomas Cheinie, knight of the Order, Treasurer of the King's Majesty's Household, and lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, presently in special commission from the King's Majesty into France. Haste, post haste, for thy life, to Dover, Calais or where he shall chance to be, haste, haste."
19 June.1095. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.Bearer, William Wawan, Scotishman, was taken prisoner here, having seen all the French king's wars there many years. Lord Graye and Hertford persuaded him to serve the King, and he was sundry times in France and brought the best intelligence thence. He understands fortifications and has drawn platts of the French fort, Hardeloo and Estaples very perfectly. He is meet rather to serve the King than return to his native country, and therefore Paget might let his Majesty know of him. Few of his countrymen have such experience in wars. Newhaven in Bullonoys, 19 June 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
19 June.1096. Carne and Rede to Paget.
R. O.Copy of their letter of the preceding day (No. 1089).
P.S.—Those letters word by word have I, Carne, sent with the said copies to Mr. Vaughan, to Andwarp, to forward to you. "And for because this my servant came from my lord of Westmester in post thitherwards I have caused the double of them to be written in haste, for because he will be there sooner than any from Andwarp, as I think." Bruxelles, 19 June 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
19 June.1097. Carne to the Council.
R. O.Copy of No. 1090, with the following postscript.—"This is the double of my letters sent to your lordships yesternight, by Andwerp, sent by this bearer for the more speed." Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
20 June.1098. Henry VIII. to Mary of Hungary.
R. O.Seeing the menace to the Catholic Faith through permitting heretics to spread their wicked opinions among the ignorant common people, takes it to be part of a Christian ruler to provide (as the Gospel says) lest a little leaven spoil the whole mass; but, notwithstanding his endeavours, many books composed by heretical and wicked men, both in Latin and English, are sent over from thence by men who, for fear of punishment, have fled hence to High Almain or the Low Countries, and there seek means to convert and seduce the rest of his subjects. As the treaty of peace and perpetual amity between the Emperor and him specially provides for this, he desires (as he has charged Sir Edward Carne, his ambassador resident there, to explain more fully) that she will deliver four or five of his subjects there to Carne to be sent hither. Grenewiche, 20 June 1046.
French. Draft, pp. 7. Endd.: M. of a letter in French to the Lady Regent, drawn and not sent.
20 June.1099. Wiltshire.
Cl. Roll,
38 Hen. VIII.
p. 2. No. 45.
Rymer, xv. 99.
Certificate of seisin taken by Robert Griffeth, mayor of Salisbury, etc., of the free chapels of Whelpley and St. James. [See Grants in June, No. 16.]
20 June.1100. The Council of Boulogne to the Council.
R. O.The Council's letters of the 9th inst. seem to blame them for payments here in February and March "above the numbers appointed by special order" and also because the charges for April are less than for January, February and March. No precise number of "these retinues" was declared here before the arrival of the auditors on the 18th April, who brought (besides instructions signed by the Council about "other particular orders") a book, "delivered to them, as they say, by Sir Richard Southwell," of the ordinary numbers and rates devised by the Earl of Surrey and him when here together in commission, but that book was not signed, nor was any day limited for the commencement of that precise order. Know only that "particular bands" of 100 men were then changed into the "retinues" of 300 under one captain, without any special order that no such retinue should exceed 300. Thus divers "over numbers" remained; and indeed they could not have been despatched, for lack of money. Surrey, a little before Southwell's departure, declared a letter from the Council to the effect that the diminishment of the garrison should stay until the King's further pleasure. Doubtless he has that letter to show, and its contents appear in the said book brought by the auditors, where, in the margin of the "article touching the cassing of the over numbers," is the note "Memorandum that they be all stayed by letters addressed from his Majesty's Privy Council." The continuance and payment of the men has been with the Earl of Hertford's privity and advice. The charge for April is less, because above 400 sick and "unabled" persons were discharged in March; and the diminishing of the King's charges seems to deserve no great blame. For a plainer declaration the writers desire "the treasurer's particular reckonings now forepast to be transported into England before your Lordships, with one or two of the Council and auditors here, with our poor advices in that we think requisite to be remembered for the establishment of these things"; so that a plain direct order may be given. Bolloigne, 20 June. Signed: Wyllyam Grey: John Bryggys: Hugh Poulet: Rychard Caundysshe: Rychard Wyndebank.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1546.
[20 June.]1101. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O.Perceives, in their letter by Francis the post, they have taken a way for payment of a great part of the Facer's debt and despatched one who was the Fugger's factor to travail with the Fugger himself for prolongation of some part of it. No better order could have been devised, for when Jasper Dowche came to town (who at Francis's repair hither was ridden into the country) Vaughan, as commanded, again talked with him concerning his offer and their lordships' charge to take of him 50,000l. or 60,000l. Perceived him unwilling, unless the King would take a portion of copper or some jewel or other thing which would turn the loan "to be but an easy bargain"; and finally he respited his resolute answer "till tomorrow all day." As he has since been sent for very hastily to Court and returned hither for half a day only, wherein he took up all the money he could get to serve the Emperor, he will probably be unable to fulfil his offer. Advertises this by bearer, a post of the merchants, pending Dowche's promised answer.
Here goes a bruit that the Emperor will set upon the Protestants; and thereupon no goods are sent into Almain, and people fear that traffic with Almain will cease. A Spaniard lately delivered a letter to a merchant of London with request that it might be forwarded. Understanding that it came from Rome, the merchant brought it straight to Vaughan, who, perceiving it to be endorsed in Dutch, opened it and found it written partly in Dutch and partly in Latin by a physican naming himself Gerardus Suchrodius. Sends it herewith. Antwerp, Trinity Sunday.
P.S.—A merchant of London who is appointed to pay money here for the King says he has certain silver in bullion or small grains, lately received out of Almain, which he must sell here to raise the said money unless the King will buy it. Thinks the buying of it would advantage the King, and therefore sends two papers with grains of two sorts to be assayed in the Mint. The party desires speedy answer.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Scaled. Endd.: 1516.
[20 June.]1102. Vaughan to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 244.
B. M.
Bearer is despatched with two packets of letters for Sir Wm. Paget, the king's secretary, and promises to be with you tomorrow night. Begs him to hasten the packets into England and write whether the bearer keeps his word. Men say the Emperor intends to set upon the Protestants. Mr. Damesell prays you to send him word whether you received two silver dishes by Mr. Lodge, a merchant of London. Andwerp, Trinity Sunday, 10 a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
20 June.1103. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O.Wrote on the 14th inst. with a packet from Mr. Mason; and now, sending another packet from Mason, is bold to desire an answer what to do with the overplus of the money received of John Dymocke, about 1,000l. Fl., whether to deliver it to Mr. Vaughan, or bring it to Calais or otherwise, and whether he may come home now that he has ended the King's affairs in his charge. The only talk here is of war, which the Emperor will make against the bishop of Collen, for which Jasper Duche goes about to make a new finance for the Emperor, "as himself hath given out the bruit, peradventure for some policy, as you can consider better than I am able to enlarge." Andwerpe, 20 June 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 June.1104. Giovanni Bernardino to Paget.
R. O.Lately the marchioness of Guasto sent to the Emperor a litter which the marquis her husband had caused to be made, and at his death willed to be presented to the Emperor. It is very ingenious and beautiful, and perhaps the King might like to get one like it from Milan, if the model of this one is not sufficient. It is so made that in going up or down a mountain the occupant is not moved; and he can at will rise up or sink out of sight, recline or do anything else he wishes, and has also a table for play or other uses.
The marriage between the king of Romans' daughter and the son of Duke William of Bavaria is concluded. Ratisbon, 20 June 1546. Signed: G. Berno Ferrario.
Italian. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.

Footnotes

1 The initial R in the MS. (Add. 5,476, f. 233), is badly made and has been not unnaturally misread as a B.
2 "Gallie etc.," meaning Henry VIII.
3 June 13th.
4 Who this was does not appear, nor is even the see indicated by the title certain. He is named in the Valor Eccl. ii. 9, and v. 134.
5 This underlined as if to be cancelled.
6 Although we have supplied the names which should be included by the words "ut supra" as present at Council meetings, it is evident that the whole list is not always to be depended upon, as in this case it will be seen that Sir Thomas Cheyney, for one, must have been absent.