Henry VIII
July 1546, 1-5

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1908

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'Henry VIII: July 1546, 1-5', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1: January-August 1546 (1908), pp. 582-606. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80860 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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July 1546, 1-5

1 July.1167. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 470.
Meeting at Greenwich, 1 July. Present: Privy Seal, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. Business:—Warrant to treasurer of the Chamber to deliver to Sir John Wallope, 5l. 7s. disbursed by him in the apprehension of three Biscayans "sent hither for espials about the —— (blank) day of —— (blank) last past." Letter to Sir John Lodier, captain of Carlisle castle, to repair hither after the proclamation of peace with France is published. Warrant to Dawes, servant to the late treasurer of the Chamber, to repay Nicasius Yetswart money expended by him as follows:—To Francis the Courier sent with letters to the Emperor's Court at Utrecht, 18 Feb. last, 10l.; to Cornelys, goldsmith, for "making a collar of esses for the gentleman of Polonia," 7l. 16s. 6d.; to Nicholas the Courier sent with letters to Mr. Stephen Vaughan, 15 Feb., 6l 5s. and for his return 6l. 5s.; to the said gentleman of Polonia, in reward 20 Feb., 100l.; imprested to Amerigo Antenori, Italian, 21 Feb., 100l.; paid to Sir George Baynham for coats and conduct of 100 [soldiers?] to serve beyond sea, who were after four days countermanded, 30l.; to Joanne Berdlanno, Hungarian, the King's servant, in reward, 25l.; to Rouge Dragon pursuivant sent into Almain with letters to Dr. Mount, 26 Feb., 7l. 10s.; to Somerset herald sent with letters to Antwerp to Mr. Vaughan, 2 March, and for his return, 12l. 10s.; to Rouge Crosse pursuivant, 8 March, sent to Guisnes with letters to Mr. Wallop, 40s.; to Goodwyn for posting to Cambridge for Dr. Wendye's repair to Court, 8 March, 4l.; to Guisnes pursuivant sent to Guisnes with letters to lord Gray, 9 March, 40s.; to Nicholas the Courier sent 9 March with letters to Mr. Vaughan and for his return, 12l. 10s.; to Francis the Courier, sent with letters to the Emperor's Court at Utrecht, 15 Feb., 10l., and sent, 15 March, with letters to Mr. Vaughan, and for his return 12l 10s.; to Guisnes pursuivant sent with letters to Lord Gray at Guisnes, 20 March, 20s.; to Nicholas the Courier sent with letters to the Emperor's Court about Spyres, to the bp. of Westminster, 22 March, and returning 30l.; to Gonsalo de Villa Panda, Spaniard, maimed in both legs in the wars in Scotland, and recommended hither by Signor Gamboa, 24 March, 4l.; to Francis the Courier, 27 March, sent with letters to the Regent in Flanders, and thence to the commissioners for musters in Almayne, 20l.; to John Tuthil, servant to Sir Thomas Palmer, who brought the King "a modell and a plat of a fortresse, a purse, a sword and a dagger," 27 March, 40s.; to Ant. Santa Cilia, Spaniard, in reward for charges of himself and his men since his coming out of the North, 31 March, 15l. Letter to Mr. Aucher, Mr Manne and —— (blank) Franke, at Dover, to have passengers ready within two days to transport "the grosse of my lord Admiral's train into France, especially about 500 horses.
1 July.1168. The King's Debtors.
R. O.Extract (in Latin) from accounts "in the office of Doyly," dated 1 July 1546, showing that Hugh Weldon owes, for a tenement in Candlewickestrete, London, ten years' arrears of rent ending 37 Henry VIII., 20l.
Note by "Wa. Mildemay" that Edward Weldon, the heir, appeared and is remitted to the Augmentations to bring discharge or pay before Barthilmewtyde next.
P. 1. Endd.: Weldon, folio 45.
1 July.1169. Leigh, Essex.
Royal MS.
13 B. i, f. 282b
B.M.
Release by Roger Hunt, registrar of the Court of Admiralty, of all actions, etc., against John Cok, sen., and John Cok, jun. of Legh, Essex, sailors. 1 July 1546, 38 Hen. VIII.
Lat. copy, p. 1.
Ib. f. 283.
B. M.
2. Deed of sale by Roger Hunt, registrar of the Court of Admiralty, to John Cocke, sen. and jun., of Leghe, Essex, of his third part of the ship Anthony of London, for 24l. 2 July 1546, 38 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
Ib. 283b.3. Hunt's (undated) acknowledgment of the receipt of 12l. of the above 24l., and confession that he must allow 29s. with the remainder towards payment of Thomas Huntt's wages.
P. 1.
1 July.1170. Parliament of Scotland.
Acts of the
Parl. of Sc.,
ii. 466.
Held at Edinburgh, 1 July 1546, by Robert bp. of Orkney, Alex. abbot of Cambuskynneth, Sir Adam Ottirburn of Reydhall, James Foulis of Colintoun, clerk of the rolls of the register, Mr. Thos. Ballenden, clerk of justiciary, and Mr. Henry Lauder, advocate, commissioners; together with Patrick Barroun, deputy constable, John Perdoven, deputy marshal, Thos. Wauchop, sergeant, and Thos. Hall, judicator. Business:—Summons against Roderic McCloyd and his colleagues continued to 30 July.
1 July.1171. Hertford to the Council.
R. O.Certain soldiers of Guisnez have exhibited to me their complaint against John Taye, servant to the earl of Oxford, who lately had the leading of certain footmen here and retains their wages for four months past, remaining in England and not disposed to return. The poor men, being now discharged, cannot answer their victuallers to whom they are indebted. Begs the Council to send Taye over and command him to see them satisfied before his return. Guisnez, 1 July 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 July.1172. William lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O.Albeit I have been often evil used by Rogers, your surveyor here, with taunting comparison of his service with mine and disregard of my place as if I were his inferior; yet, trusting to win him by gentle means, I have borne with his weakness until now that he charges me with untruth. This other day the farrier smith, for lack of sea coals, whereof were none in the town except yours in the Surveyor's hands, "left unshod, as well the horses of your men at arms, as of mine and the rest of your Majesty's Council." I sent bearer Wm. Vaulx, one of your men of arms, with the said smith, to the Surveyor, gently requesting a chaldron, either for money or to be repaid in coals when any came. The Surveyor answered, in the hearing of two or three other persons "Show my lord, saith he, that I am not made purveyor of coals, neither for him nor for the rest, and he shall use things more truly before he shall have anything at his commandment that is in my charge; and tell him further that I myself begin now to ruffle, to the intent I will have other things known." For my declaration I beg you to appoint some of your Council to hear what untruth he can object against me, and my answer. And I trust your order therein shall be such that others shall not be encouraged to have your officer in such small reverence. Bulloigne, 1 July 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
1 July.1173. William lord Grey to the Council.
R. O.Bearer, Roger Le Straunge, who had charge of a band of strangers here, now cassed, did very forward service. Begs favour for him. Bulloigne, 1 July 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 July.1174. The Cardinal of Lorraine to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
ii., 123.
Adv. Lib.
Edin.
Mons. de Mendosse, whom the King is sending to Scotland, will declare to her the news of this country. Fontainebleau, 1 July 1546. Signed: V're treshumble oncle, le Caral de Lorraine.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A la Royne d'Escosse. Endd.
1 July.1175. Pole to Cardinals de Monte and Cervini.
Poli Epp.,
iv. 188.
Today, Thursday, I have arrived at Treville, no worse, thank God, than when I left Trent. Was much fatigued by the journey, but during the last two days the litter made it easier. Will see in a few days what good comes of change of air and rest; if these be not sufficient, will go to Venice or to the baths of Padua, to use the mud (fango) commended to be by Fracastoro.
If the war in Germany take the course they expect, it will be very serious and add to his discomforts. Begs them to kiss the hand of Card. Farnese in his name when he passes that way, and inform him how he is placed. Treville, 1 July 1546.
Italian.
2 July.1176. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A P C., 472.
Meeting at Greenwich, 2 July. Present: Great Master, Privy Seal, [Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre]. Business:—Four placards for the lord Admiral, the bp. of Duresme, Dr. Wotton, and Sir Henry Knyvet to be furnished with carts for their stuff to Dover, being sent in ambassade to the French Court.
2 July.1177. The Embassy to France.
R. O.Passport for Viscount Lisle, High Admiral of England, to the bp. of Duresme, Dr. Wootton, dean of Canterbury and York, and Sir Henry Knevet, of the Privy Chamber, who are now sent with special commission to the French king. Grenewich, 2 July 38 Hen. VIII.
Signed at the head by the King and sealed with his signet.
Parchment.
R. O.2. Instructions for Lisle and his Colleagues.
It having pleased Almighty God to determine the war with our good brother the French king by an honourable peace, in the treaty whereof it is agreed that each of us shall within 40 days ratify the same by letters patent and oath, like as our good brother now sends the Admiral of France and others to take our ratification, so we, confiding in the wisdom and fidelity of our cousin and councillor, Viscount Lisle, high-admiral of England, our councillor, the bp. of Durham, and our councillors, Dr. Wotton, dean of Canterbury and York, and Sir Henry Knevet, of the Privy Chamber, have appointed them our commissioners for the purposes ensuing:—
1. To deliver our letters and commendations to the French king, and declare their coming to receive his ratification and see his oath given; setting forth our affection to the continuance of the amity. 2. To make our commendations to the Dolphyn, Queen of Navarre [and] Madame Destampes. 3. Like as an ambassador is already on the way from our good brother to reside here, we appoint Dr. Wotton our resident ambassador there; whose appointment is to be declared to our good brother, and the letters of credence thereupon delivered. That done, the rest shall return with diligence.
Draft, pp. 4. The preamble in Paget's hand, the rest in Petre's. Headed: Instructions, etc.
2 July.1178. Tunstall to Paget.
R. O.As promised, I drew a commission yesternight and delivered it to Mr. Godsalve, requiring him to be with you today for its perfecting. Pray get me a warrant for my diets for fifty days at least, so that I may make my exchange; "for ready money is here in London in some credence, and fair promises not much regarded." London, 2 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
2 July.1179. A Conventual Lease.
R. O.Depositions, 2 July 38 Hen. VIII., of Simon Jekes, clk., late abbot of Kenelworth, that the lease of the whole lordship and manor of Pakington Prior, to William Wheler, was duly made, and the seal thereto is the conventual seal, and no other rent but that mentioned in the lease has since been answered for the same. Wheler paid a fine of 200 mks. for the lease and it has never been surrendered or otherwise made void. A former lease, of the demesnes only, was surrendered; and the lease was made in consideration of the said fine and of [help given] to the said abbot and convent in times of their necessity. Signature lost.
ii. Deposition of John Fissher, 2 July 38 Hen. VIII, to the same effect. Signed.
Large paper, written on one side only, pp. 3. Slightly mutilated.
2 July.1180. Otwell Johnson to his Brother, John Johnson.
Ellis 2nd,
Ser. ii., 172.
London, 2 July 1546:—Commendations to your wife (mother to a fair young boy, as I trust, ere this) and my poor Mary "not being able (as I doubt) to bear neither boy nor wench," with my brother, Mr. F. and all other friends there. Since coming to London I have received and answered the letters enclosed. Private matters relating to thread, etc. (including a "painted story of the Scripture, cost 7s.") from Flanders, Mrs. Smith, Robert Androwes, Peter Symons, Robert Mattres, Harlem frizados, and Mr. White the Alderman. Exchange is risen again at Antwerp to 24s. and here 24s. 8d. at sight. Robert Androwes writes you the news out of Flanders. We hear since that most of the Emperor's men have refused to serve against the Electors of the Empire; and that the Germans will depose Ferdinandus from his kingdom of Hungary and signory of Osterwike because they will no longer trust their frontier against the Turk to any such Papist. My master showed me on Sunday last (fn. 1) that the King had news that the Emperor would shortly raise 120,000 men; and his quarrel against the Germans was not for religion but for disobedience in things concerning the Empire. "Most men else think otherwise, but vous cognosces l'home."
"Our news here of Dr. Crome's canting, recanting, decanting, or rather double decanting, be these, that on Sunday last, (fn. 2) before my lord Chancellor, the Duke of Norfocke, my lord Great Master, Mr. Riche, Mr. Chancellor of the Tenths, with the Suthwells, Pope, and other nobles and knights, and on the other side the bishops of London and Worcester, all principal doctors and deans, beside gay grey amices and a rabble of other marked people, the reverend father just named openly declared his true meaning and right understanding (as he said, and according to his conscience) of the 6 or 7 articles you heard of, as he should have done upon the 2nd Sunday after Easter (fn. 3) but that he was letted from his true intent by the persuasions of certain perverse minded persons and by the sight of lewd and ungodly books and writings, for the which he was sorry, and desired the audience to beware of such books, for under the fair appearance of them was hidden a dangerous accombrance of Christian consciences; and so exhorted all men to embrace ancientness of Catholic doctrine and forsake newfangleness."
On Monday following, quondam bishop Saxon, Mrs. Askewe, Christopher White, one of Mrs. Fayre's sons, and a tailor (fn. 4) from Colchester "were arraigned at the Guild Hall and received their judgement of my Lord Chancellor and the Council to be burned, and so were committed to Newegate again." Saxon and White have since renounced their opinions, and the talk goes that they may escape the fire; but the gentlewoman and the other man remain steadfast; "and yet she hath been racked since her condemnation (as men say), which is a strange thing in my understanding. The Lord be merciful to us all." (fn. 5)
Mrs. Fayrer says that when she wants her money she will let me know or write to Robert Androwe to make it over. She has bought some Hartfordseire wool and may get Cottiswold at 16s., but desires your advice therein. You forgot to show me who shall have your "milne"; "and my gould pourses I thank you you kept also. Mr. Dunne, your horse, hath a new master this day in Smythfeld for 1s. sterling."
Add.: at Glapthorne.
1181. Anne Askew.
Foxe, v. 543.
Bale's Select
Works, 196-7.
The latter examination of ... Anne Askewe the younger daughter of Sir William Askewe, knight, of Lincolnshire." (fn. 6)
"First out of the prison she wrote unto a secret friend of hers after this manner following":—
i. Anne Askewe to ————
"I do perceive, dear friend in the Lord, that thou art not yet persuaded throughly in the truth concerning the Lord's Supper, because Christ said unto His Apostles 'Take, eat, this is my body'" &c. Gives her comment on the words, &c.
Foxe, v. 544.
Bale's Select
Works.
198-206
"The sum of my examination afore the King's Council at Greenwich."
"Your request as concerning my prison fellows I am not able to satisfy, because I heard not their examinations. But the effect of mine was this:—
"I being before the Council was asked of Master Kyme. I answered that my lord Chancellor knew already my mind in that matter." And though they said it was the King's pleasure she should open the matter to them she refused. If the King wished to hear her she would show him the truth. They said it was not meet the King should be troubled with her, and she said Solomon, who was reckoned the wisest king that ever lived, misliked not to hear two poor common women [Bale here explains concerning Kyme what he believes to be the truth]. My lord Chancellor then asked her opinion of the Sacrament. She answered "I believe that so oft as I, in a Christian congregation, do receive the bread in remembrance of Christ's death and with thanksgiving according to His holy institution, I receive therewith the fruits also of His most glorious Passion." The bp. of Winchester asked her to make a direct answer, and she said she "would not sing a new song to the Lord in a strange land." [Comment by Bale.] The Bp. replied that she spoke in parables. "I answered it was best for him; for if I shew the open truth (quoth I) ye will not accept it. Then he said I was a parrot. I told him again I was ready to suffer all things at his hands, not only his rebuke but all that should follow besides, yea and that gladly." Then she had divers rebukes from the Council, but not unanswered. Was with them five hours, and then the Clerk of the Council conveyed her to my lady Garnyshe. [Comment by B.] Next day, was brought again before the Council, who asked her what she said to the Sacrament. Told them she had already said all she could say. "Then after divers words they bade me go by. Then came my lord Lyle, my lord of Essex, and the Bishop of Winchester, requiring me earnestly that I should confess the Sacrament to be flesh, blood and bone. Then said I to my lord Par and my lord Lyle that it was great shame for them to counsel contrary to their knowledge. Whereunto, in few words, they did say that they would gladly all things were well." [Comment by B.] The Bishop said he would speak with me familiarly. I said 'So did Judas, when he unfriendly betrayed Christ.' "Then desired the Bishop to speak with me alone. But that I refused. He asked me why? I said that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every matter should stand, after Christ's and Paul's doctrine," Matt. xviii. and 2 Cor. xiii. [Comment by B.] "Then my lord Chancellor began to examine me again of the Sacrament. Then I asked him how long he would halt on both sides. Then he would needs know where I found that. I said, in the Scripture," 3 Kings xviii. Then he went his way. [Comment by B.] "Then the Bishop said I should be brent. I answered that I had searched all the Scriptures, yet could I never find there that either Christ or his Apostles put any creature to death. Well, well, said I, God will laugh your threatenings to scorn, Psal. 2. Then was I commanded to stand aside." [Comment by B.] "Then came Master Paget to me with many glorious words, and desired me to speak my mind unto him. I might, he said, deny it again if need were. I said that I would not deny the truth. He asked me how I could avoid the very words of Christ: Take, eat, this is my body which shall be broken for you? I answered that Christ's meaning was there as in these other places of the Scripture: I am the door, Joan. 10: I am the Vine, Joan. 15: Behold the Lamb of God, Joan. 1: The rockstone was Christ, 1 Cor. 10, and such other like." The door, the vine, &c., signified Christ; and though he said "Take, eat this in remembrance of me," "yet did he not bid them hang up that bread in a box and make it a God, or bow to it." [Comment by B.] Further discussion with Paget, who persuaded her to "common with some wiser man," which she agreed to, and he told the Council. "And so went I to my lady's again." [Comment by B.] "Then came Dr. Coxe and Dr. Robynson. In conclusion, we could not agree. Then they made me a bill of the Sacrament, willing me to set my hand thereunto, but I would not. Then on the Sunday (fn. 7) I was sore sick, thinking no less than to die. Therefore I desired to speak with Latimer. It would no (sic) be. Then was I sent to Newgate in my extremity of sickness; for in all my life afore was I never in such pain. Thus the Lord strengthen you in the truth. Pray, pray, pray." Comment by B.]
Foxe, v. 545.
Bale's Select
Works, 207.
2 "The confession of me, Anne Askewe, for the time I was in Newgate, concerning my belief" (i.e. on the Sacrament).
[Comments by Bale at intervals].
Foxe, v. 546.
Bale's Select
Works,
212. 213, 214.
3. The sum of the condemnation of me, Anne Askewe, at Guildhall.
"They said to me there that I was a heretic and condemned by the law, if I would stand in my opinion. I answered that I was no heretic, neither yet deserved I any death by the law of God. But, as concerning the faith which I uttered and wrote to the Council, I would not, I said, deny it, because I knew it true. Then they would needs know if I would deny the Sacrament to be Christ's body and blood. I said Yea, for the same Son of God that was born of the Virgin Mary is now glorious in Heaven and will come again from thence at the latter day like as he went up. And as for that ye call your God, it is a piece of bread. For a more proof thereof (mark it when you list) let it but lie in the box three months and it will be mouldy and so turn to nothing that is good. Whereupon I am persuaded that it cannot be God. After that they willed me to have a priest; and then I smiled. Then they asked me if it were not good. I said I would confess my faults unto God, for I was sure that He would hear me with favor. And so we were condemned without a quest."
"My belief which I wrote to the Council was this: that the Sacramental bread was left us to be received with thanksgiving, in remembrance of Christ's death, the only remedy of our souls' recovery; and that thereby we also receive the whole benefits and fruits of His most glorious Passion. Then they would needs know whether the bread in the box were God or no. I said 'God is a Spirit and will be worshipped in spirit and truth.' Then they demanded 'Will you plainly deny Christ to be in the Sacrament?' I answered that I believe faithfully the Eternal Son of God not to dwell there; in witness whereof I recited again the history of Bel, Dan xix., Acts vii. and xvii. and Matt. xxiv., concluding thus: 'I neither wish death, nor yet fear his might. God have the praise thereof with thanks.'"
Foxe, v. 546.
Bale's Select
Works, 215.
4. "My letter sent to the lord Chancellor." Begs him to be a mean to the King that his Grace may be certified of these few lines she has written touching her belief, "which when it shall be truly confessed with the hard judgment given me for the same, I think his Grace shall well perceive me to be weighed in an uneven pair of balances."
Foxe, v. 546.
Bale's Select
Works. 217.
"My faith briefly written to the King's Grace."
"I, Anne Askew, of good memory, although God hath given me the bread of adversity and the water of trouble, not so much as my sins have deserved, desire this to be known unto your Grace, that forasmuch as I am by the law condemned for an evil doer, here I take Heaven and earth to record that I shall die in my innocency; and, according to that I have said first and will say last, I utterly abhor and detest all heresies. And as concerning the Supper of the Lord, I believe so much as Christ hath said therein, which He confirmed with His most blessed blood. I believe also so much as He willed me to follow and believe, and so much as the Catholic Church of Him doth teach; for I will not forsake the commandment of His holy lips. But look what God hath charged me with his mouth, that have I shut up in my heart. And thus briefly I end, for lack of learning. Anne Askew."
Foxe, v. 547.
Bale's Select
Works,
218-227.
5. "The effect of my examination and handling since my departure from Newgate."
"On Tuesday (fn. 8) I was sent from Newgate to the sign of the Crown, where Master Rich and the bp. of London with all their power and flattering words went about to persuade me from God; but I did not esteem their glosing pretences." Then came to me Nic. Shaxton who counselled me to recant as he had done. I told him it had been good for him never to have been born, with many other like words. Then Master Rich sent me to the Tower, where I remained till 3 o'clock, when Rich and one of the Council came, charging me upon my obedience to show them if I knew any man or woman of my sect. Answered that I knew none. Then they asked me of my lady of Suffolk, my lady of Sussex, my lady of Hertford, my lady Denny and my lady Fitzwilliam. Answered that if I should pronounce anything against them I could not prove it. Then they said, the King was informed that I could name, if I would, a great number of my sect. Answered "that the King was as well deceived in that behalf as dissembled with in other matters." Then they bade me show how I was maintained in the Compter, and who willed me to stick to my opinion. "I said that there was no creature that therein did strengthen me, and as for the help that had in the Compter, it was by means of my maid," who as she went abroad in the street, "made moan to the prentices, and they by her did send the money; but who they were I never knew. "Then they said that there were divers gentlewomen that gave me money; but I knew not their names.
Then they said that there were divers ladies that had sent me money. I answered that there was a man in a blue coat who delivered me ten shillings and said that my lady of Hertford sent it me; and another in a violet coat gave me eight shillings, and said my lady Denny sent it me; whether it were true or no, I cannot tell, for I am not sure who sent it me, but as the maid did say. Then they said, there were of the Council that did maintain me: and I said No. Then they did put me on the rack, because I confessed no ladies or gentlewomen to be of my opinion, and thereon they kept me a long time; and because I lay still, and did not cry, my lord Chancellor and Master Rich took pains to rack me with their own hands, till I was nigh dead. Then the lieutenant caused me to be loosed from the rack. Incontinently I swooned, and then they recovered me again. After that I sat two long hours reasoning with my lord Chancellor upon the bare floor; where he, with many flattering words, persuaded me to leave my opinion. But my lord God (I thank his everlasting goodness) gave me grace to persevere, and will do, I hope to the very end. Then was I brought to a house and laid in a bed, with as weary and painful bones as ever had patient Job, I thank my lord God therefor. Then my lord Chancellor sent me word, if I would leave my opinion, I should want nothing: if I would not, I should forthwith to Newgate, and so to be burned. I sent him again word, that I would rather die than break my faith.
"Thus the Lord open the eyes of their blind hearts, that the truth may take place! Farewell, dear friend, and pray, pray, pray."
Foxe, v. 548.
Bale's Select
Works, 228.
6. Anne Askew to John Lascelles.
"O friend, most dearly beloved in God. I marvel not a little what should move you to judge in me so slender a faith as to fear death, which is the end of all misery." Begs him not to believe such wickedness in her. Doubts not God will perform his work in her as he began. Understands the Council is not a little displeased as its being reported, that she was racked in the Tower. They say now that what they did was but to fear her; "whereby I perceive they are ashamed of their uncomely doings, and fear much lest the King's Majesty should have information thereof; wherefore they would no man to noise it. Well! Their cruelty God forgive them."
Foxe, v. 548.
Bale's Select
Works, 229.
7. Anne Askew to ——.
"I have read the process which is reported of them that know not the truth to be my recantation. But as sure as the Lord liveth, I never meant a thing less than to recant. Notwithstanding this, I confess that in my first troubles I was examined of the bishop of London about the Sacrament. Yet had they no grant of my mouth but this; that I believed therein as the word of God did bind me to believe. More had they never of me. Then he made a copy which is now in print, and required me to set thereunto my hand; but I refused it. Then my two sureties did will me in no wise to stick thereat, or it was no great matter, they said. Then, with much ado, at the last I wrote thus: 'I, Anne Askew, do believe this, if God's word do agree to the same, and the true Catholic Church.' Then the Bishop, being in great displeasure with me because I made doubts in my writing, commanded me to prison, where I was awhile; but afterwards, by means of friends, I came out again. Here is the truth of that matter. (fn. 9) And as concerning the thing that ye covet most to know, resort to John vi, and be ruled always thereby. Thus fare ye well, quoth Anne Askew."
Foxe, v. 549.
Bale's Select
Works. 231.
8. The confession of the faith made by Anne Askew in Newgate before she suffered.
Being unrighteously condemned for her opinions, takes God to record that she holds no opinions contrary to His word. The heresy imputed to her is that after the priest has spoken the words of consecration there remaineth bread still. Denies their belief that it is the self-same body that hung upon the Cross, flesh, blood and bone. Believes the Holy Supper to be a most necessary remembrance, &c. They report untruly of her who say she denies the Eucharist; but your Mass is the most abominable idol in the world.
Foxe, ib.
Bale, 237.
9. Her prayer.
Bale, 239.10. The Ballad which she made and sang in Newgate.
1182. John Lascelles.
Foxe, v. 551.Letter of John Lacels written from prison, protesting against the Mass as a human invention.
2 July.1183. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.Being at Geynes on Thursday last, (fn. 10) as by my other letter I now advertise you, lord Cobham arrived with commission from the lords of the Council for the dissolution of certain of the crews there and other soldiers serving in my company and the establishment of certain numbers to remain. "Which all thowghe my seyd lordes thowght me, as it semith they did, not suffisent to doo the samme, yet the romme and plase I am yn, allthow unworthy, myght have bin considerid for the Kynges Mates honor: and sines they atorisid my lord Cobham to tak that ordar, they may geve comision to my lord Grey for the sembullabull ordar to be takin bi him wt in his offis, and so then I may be sparid from hens and the Kynges Mate at lessar charg." Blakness, 6 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1546.
2 July.1184. Cheyney to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 239.
Received their letters dated Grenewiche 23rd ult. by bearer, Nicholas, on the 25th; and has been cumbered horribly by what they write touching the camp between Anthony Demora and Julyan Romero. According to the postscripta in their said letters, has spoken doulcely to the French king, first asking the Admiral's advice, and not rehearsing any words of treason, which were "unsitting" now that he is being so highly entertained. The Admiral's answer is that as Julyan Romero has "the King his master's patent of the camp" the French king cannot deny it unless Julian request the prorogation; if Cheyney would "undertake for him accordingly" the matter should be respited, not only until three or four days after my lord Admiral's coming but longer. Answered that Julian would "not deny nor refuse any thing that I had moved." Of this, which the Council seem to make a great matter, they here make little or nothing, the parties being strangers to both princes. Founteign le Bleawe, 2 July at 9 a.m. Signed.
P.S.—Pray think that I have done my best in this matter.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
2 July.1185. Cheyney to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 227.
Wrote last from Paris, 28th ult. Next day the Provost, eschevins and others of the town came to his lodging to welcome him and express joy at the renewal of amity, presenting "a great quantity of ypocras and divers kinds of wines with comfitures, marmalades and torches." Even if he had not been ill, he must there have tarried for the mending of the King's chief present, the salt; which could not be finished before Wednesday, so that Allard had to follow with the cover to Melin. Mons. de Moretta entertained him there and by water to Corbeylle, and thence on Wednesday to Melin, where Mons. de Canaples and a maitre d'hôtel of the French king, with other officers, received him at the water side and made him a supper and breakfast meet for a prince. Canaples and Moreta accompanied him into the forest to where the French king's dinner was prepared who, two hours later, came thither with the Dolphin, the Dolphinesse, and 20 or 30 great ladies, divers of them "excellent fair." Cheyney was welcomed as if he had been a great prince, dined at the King's board opposite the Dolphin, and had five or six kinds of dishes from the King's own "mease." The Admiral told him apart that, as the French ambassador will have signified, he requires a longer day for his going to England, because of certain business between the Emperor and Protestants; but that, said he, need not stay our Admiral's coming, for although it was customary for ratifications to be done on the same day, they mistrusted not but that the King will always be ready to accomplish his part. He remains "firm" to go to London in his galleys, where I would wish him no worse received than I have been. The christening shall not be until Sunday next (fn. 11) ; and, the "nomination" being referred to the King's Majesty, I have said that she "shall bear his mother's name, which was Elizabeth, who was as good and as virtuous a woman as ever lived in this world." To express the stateliness and commodities of this house would require a better penman. Founteine le Blewe, 2 July, at 9 a.m. Signed.
P.S.—Here is great preparation for running at the tilt and other triumphs and high cheer, being here already 300 ladies and a great company of noblemen and gentlemen. "And I think, and God himself with all His apostles were here, they could not have been welcomed after a more better and more hearty sort, nor better entertained, than I and all the gentlemen in my company have been." Bearer can declare what it has been since his coming.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.: 1546.
ii. Memoranda on the back in another hand: "Leversage, xxxiijli xxli Thos. Coke."
2 July.1186. The Duke of Longueville to Mary of Guise.
Balcarres MS.
ii. 64.
Adv. Lib.
Edin.
Is here with his grandfather and grandmother to be present at the baptism of the Dauphin's daughter, whom the English Ambassador has come to hold [at the font]. I rejoice much at this peace for the hope it gives me of seeing you. I send you my picture, but I fear the artist has added something of his own. Sends his regards to the little Queen, his sister. Fontainebleau, 2 July. Signed: V're .... filz Francoys d'Orleans.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: A la Rayne.
2 July.1187. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.Has received two letters from the Council, one of the 16th ult., not delivered by Jasper Dowche until the 29th, and the other received yesternight, directing him to close with Dowche's offer of 50,000l. Fl. at interest of 11 per cent., the King taking 20,000l. of it in copper at 1s. in the hundred less than the market price. Had again sounded Dowche, and found that he expected satisfaction of 10,000 cr. which he swears that the Fugger compelled him to pay for the jewels more than the King paid him, and also would have recompense of the rest of his herring. Now, reflecting how necessary it is for the King's honour to pay the Fugger duly, has again sent for Dowche and, using all devices "to draw out of so inconstant a person, a man altogether given to his own lucre," something satisfactory, has brought him to promise 200,000 cr. of 6s. (which is 60,000l. Fl.), upon obligations of London, for one year from 15 Aug. next at 12 per cent., provided that the King will take 50,000 cr. of it in copper at 1s. below market price. This 45,000 cr., Dowche says, shall be deducted from the debt owing to the Fugger, and the obligations of London shall be redelivered as soon as the new obligations come; and the King shall likewise pay a year's interest for the copper. Can bring him no further, — and he will not do this unless the King give the stipend of 1,000 cr. (which he lately was compelled to refuse) to his son. If this offer is accepted, it must be remembered that there are divers kinds of copper; and as the writer has no skill therein, Mr. Damoysell should be commanded to be at the receipt of it. The Fugger, being pressed with a great emprunture to the Emperor and charged to pay a great part of it (taken up before, upon his credence, to be paid in this Synxson Mart, "even at the same day that your Majesty took it for") cannot condescend to any prolongation.
Jasper Dowche told me that the Fugger, who dwells in Awsburgh, has been greatly threatened by the inhabitants for emprunting money to the Emperor. Chr. Haller, a merchant of Almayn, told me lately that the Lady Regent bade him say frankly what he thought of these wars attempted by the Emperor against the Almaynes, and he answered that the Emperor should have a difficult and dangerous war, for the Princes are strong and the cities fear to join him, because his heir has no inheritance in the Empire whereby they might be helped if they offended the Princes by aiding him. I fear that the Emperor has already wearied of what he began; for he is said to have set Duke Maurice of Saxon to persuade the Princes to some agreement. Duke Maurice was appointed to serve the Emperor with 2,000 horsemen, but when he learnt against whom they should serve he returned the money. This day Jasper Dowche bade me write to you for truth that a king in Affryke has raised 100,000 footmen and 30,000 horsemen against the Emperor and they are arrived beside Cartagena. I suspect that so many could not be easily conveyed by sea out of Barbary into Spain; and yet there seems to be some great matter there (or else the Emperor, to be honourably called out of Almayn, raises the bruit); for Jasper added that the 30,000 Italians who were to join the Emperor in Almayn and 10,000 Spaniards who were to come from Spain to his places in Italy shall not now move. Andwerp, 2 July.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.:
R. O.2. An abstract of the last paragraph of the above. The clerk uses the expression "hath suborned" Duke Maurice to treat an agreement, for Vaughan's "hath set" Duke Maurice, &c.
Pp. 2. Headed and endd.: "The abredgement of Mr. Vaughan's l're" of 2 July
2 July.1188. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.A servant of Mr. Chamberleyn yesternight brought me a letter by which it appears that you understand "that the merchants here should attempt, whilst Mr. Chamberleyn is now in England, to elect here Mr. Sturgeon to their governor." No such thing shall be done if I can let it (as I dare say I can). Although they desire his presence here, they have not in his absence gone about to choose either Mr. Sturgeon or any other; and therefore it was ill done of any man so to inform you or move the King's Council to write them so sharp letters, who are as honest subjects as the King has. "And so much is Mr. Chamberleyn beloved of me that I would wish him either to be with them when he may or utterly to render them his office again." I had hoped to hear that you would view my accounts, the long respiting of which and my perpetual absence from home make me weary of life. My Lords appoint me to receive all the merchants' money and, when I have abidden the loss which may happen in the tale and by evil and light gold, I must keep the account, write perpetually to the King, pay it out again, with other troubles "more than I; being even now sickly and sore diseased of the stone, am able to endure." The money is to be received in styvers, half styvers, double styvers, pieces of 3d., pieces of 4 styvers, pieces of a styver and a farthing, "in golds of a 100 sorts." Who can receive, weigh and deliver it without help, and write so often as I into England? If I might redeem my coming home with all I have I would come. Pray let my accounts be ended. All in them you know to be true. If I should die whilst they hang over my head, all I have should be lost and my wife and children go a begging. In other things I write largely to the King. Antwerp, 2 July.
P.S.—Mr. Dymok writes that he has left things rawly in Holland, and would beg you to desire the King to write to the Lady Regent for his liberty to return thither. I think, if the King would write, it were easy to obtain his pardon. He writes also for a bill that Watson took of a man of Breme, for 500l. prested upon a bargain of corn, without which the party will neither perform the bargain nor restore the money. Watson should be spoken with to send it.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.:
2 July.1189. William Damesell to Henry VIII.
R. O.Lately John Dymocke, the King's agent in Holland, departing towards Breame, delivered into his keeping 1,000l. Fl., which is about 3,000 cr. Has now finished the provision committed to his charge and desires to know whether to bring the said 1,000l. Fl. to Callays. Andwarpe, 2 July 28 (sic) Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.:
2 July.1190. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O.I have finished the King's affairs committed to my charge here and would come homewards if I knew how to employ his Majesty's money received of John Dymocke. I have therefore written the enclosed letters to the King, desiring you to seal and deliver them if it seem convenient. Andwarpe, 2 July
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
2 July1191. John Dymock to Henry VIII.
R. O.Is informed by the lords of Brame that the Emperor, being at Raynesborech, and the Bishop of Rome, whose cardinals are at Trente, have concluded that the Bishop shall aid the Emperor with seven millions of gold against the Prodestants, named the Swabbich kriech and the Saxckesons and Lantgravis krich. The Bishop sends the Duke of Cameryn and other noblemen with 22,000 footmen, Italians and Spaniards, and 4,000 light horse and part of the money. The Emperor comes himself with Maxsymylyan, King Ferdynando's eldest son, and 86 ensigns of lanckekneghts and 8,000 horsemen, Almayens, whose mustering places are Donawert, Trebbynge and a place "in the Margrave Albertes country in sticght of Wertshenberghe." The Duke of Bayer was promised both countries and money to allow the musters in his country but refused, and, notwithstanding the Emperor's displeasure, has set 1,800 horsemen to ride to and fro and prevent musters. The Great Master of Downsheland brings the Emperor 1,800 horsemen, and the Countie Beure prepares in the Base Country 40,000 footmen, making up the number if necessary with men out of Frysseland, Gelderland and Overyssels, and Brabanders; and taking also 4,000 horsemen besides the bands of the garrisons. With this army the Countie of Bures shall "enter into the Corvosts lande and Lantgraves and Saxkeson lande." The Emperor, at Raynesboerch, sent for Duke Mowryche and gently moved him to promise service; but he would first know against whom. This the Emperor would not declare, but promised to increase his possessions, "saying that he would but set things in order and punish some which were disobedient unto him." Hearing these words Duke Moryshe utterly refused either to serve against his fathers' land or to promise to sit still and not meddle; and departed leaving the Emperor greatly displeased. The Emperor has been in hand thus with divers, "but hyt has not lowked (been lucky)," so that all the Religion are up and have already many men in three places and the Lantgrave's horsemen keeping the passages, so that the Emperor's men cannot come to their mustering places. Divers men who have received prest money from the Emperor, when they come to know against whom they must serve, return it to their "hopmen" saying that it was promised that they should not serve against Prodestants. With the diligence that is made and willingness of the people to serve, it is thought that the Lantgrave will be ready before the Emperor. Earl Christopher of Oldenberch had 5,000 footmen and 3,000 horsemen with whom the Palegrave Frederick was to have gone into Dennesmarke to help his wife's father out of prison; and these now serve the Lantgrave, together with 4,000 footmen and 1,500 horsemen waged by the King of Dennemark in his defence. Posts are laid throughout this country, which was never seen before, so that every other day come letters from the Lantgrave and the Corevostes, which Dirick Vasmer, the chief borowe master, shows and reads to me, that I may inform your Grace. I have seen letters which the Emperor sent hither, and copies of three others sent to other principal cities, giving them very fair words and commanding them not to gather men, for he means not to have ado with any man, being in love and amity with them all, and minded to defend and keep his father's land. Vasemer says that many noblemen who were expected to take the Emperor's part join the Prodestants. The King of Denemarke has stopped the Sownde, so that no corn may go into the Emperor's dominions, and all corn is stopped here too. Came hither to get the King's corn or else return of his money, and thereupon had written for his Majesty's letter to the lords here, who promise to use him honestly if he will take patience for another twelve days.
Begs favour concerning his trouble at Drodrecght by means of one Ipolytus, procureur general of Holland, which Mr. Secretary will have related. Knowing the truth, as testified under the town seal, and how the Lady Regent commanded him to avoid the land within five days of his release from prison, to which he was brought as a thief or traitor and charged for 15 days 23l. Fl. (which he has not paid "but be protestacion"), he trusts that the King will not suffer a servant to be so wronged. Brame, 2 July
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
2 July.1192. John Dymocke to Paget.
R. O.Begs him to oversee the enclosed letter to the King and, if it be not too rude, seal and deliver it. All that he writes is true and there is incredible stirring of men and making of provision here. Thinks the Lantgrave will be with the Emperor or ever the latter can pass his musters. Every man goes willingly; and prayer is made here daily "for the preservation and setting forth of the Word of God and for the putting down of the Holy Father with all his well willers." The bp. of Brame removed to a strong castle, doubting whether he should be safe in the city because he had commanded his gentlemen to serve no man but the Emperor: but he has returned again today and made the lords of Brame a large offer of his ordnance. The borowe master says that, seeing things come not to pass as he reckoned, the bp. now thinks he will be safer in the city than without. Begs favour for his return home. Brame, 2 July 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
2 July.1193. Pole to Cardinals de Monte and Cervini.
Poli Epp.,
iv. 189.
Replied yesterday to their first letter of the 29th. This evening received that of the 30th with the things proposed touching Justification which seem to him to deserve much consideration. Is grateful for their taking the trouble to write to him so often, especially when he is not in a condition to serve: but begs, when they have anything to communicate, it may be through the bp. of Worcester. Can add nothing to what he wrote yesterday about his indisposition. Is much grieved to be unable to do his duty. Treville, 2 July 1546.
Italian.
3 July.1194. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 472.
Meeting at Greenwich, 3 July. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, [Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre]. Business:— Letter to Stowell, vice-admiral of Devon, to stay all French prizes taken since the proclamation of the peace. Warrant to Exchequer to deliver to Barth. Compeigne and Barth. Fortiny, each 2,000l., to be exchanged to Mr. Vaughan; to Erasmus Scetez for corn, 2,000l.; to the office of the Ordnance 1,000l.; to Thos. Jeffrey to be conveyed to the camp 5,000l. and his own charges 13l. 6s. 8d. To the treasurer of the Chamber for 500l. to Robert Leg for sea affairs. Mr. Bellingham had warrant to Cavendish for 20l. for charges of himself and other gentlemen conducting the French ambassade to Court out of Kent.
3 July.1195. The King's Debtors.
R. O.Certificate by Thos. Everarde, deputy auditor, that among arrears due to the King in 37 Hen. VIII., under Thorgarton, Sir John Chaworthe, farmer of the rectory of Fylde Kyrke, owes 21l. 13s. 4d. and that he appeared 3 July, by his servant Thos. Mertayne, and has till "the last clay of this month" in which to pay.
Subscribed in another hand.—"This day is prolonged to the Utas of Saynt Mighell."
P. 1. Endd.: Chaworthe, 88, folio 45.
3 July.1196. Parliament of Scotland.
Acts of
P. of Sc.,
ii. 466.
Held at Edinburgh, 3 July 1546, by Robert bp. of Orkney, Alex. abbot of Cambuskynneth; Sir John Campble of Lundy, Sir Adam Otterburn of Reydhall, Mr. Jas. Foulis of Colintoun, clerk of register, and Mr. Hen. Lauder, advocate, commissioners; together with Patrick Barroun, deputy constable, John Perdoven, deputy marshal, Andrew Purves, deputy sergeant, and Thos. Hall, judicator. Business:—Summons of treason against Alex. Creychtoun of Bruntstoun proved to have been published, and continued to 30 July.
3 July.1197. Hertford to the Council.
R. O.Bearer, John Mylesent, arrived on the last of June with the 6,000l mentioned in the Council's letters, and delivered it to the Treasurer. It is and shall be used to the best advantage; and the sooner more is sent the sooner will the King's charges be alleviated. Blacknesse, 3 July 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
3 July.1198. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.Sir Robert Bowes, lord warden of the Middle Marches, writes to the Council in favour of Marmaduke Chomeley, this bearer, who has come to me for like letters to you. Because he served in my company in the North, I must commend him to your favour. Blacknesse, 3 July 1546. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.: toching Chomley.
3 July.1199. Vaughan to Paget and Petre.
R. O.I forgot to signify to the King that Jasper Dowche would fain receive aforehand the money our merchants "are appointed to pay this last month" and offers (if he may have answer within ten or twelve days) 1 per cent for it. The Fugger will not anticipate with condition to be paid after this day, for he needs money; and therefore the King has here 20,000l. Fl. which he will not use until 15 Aug., and might well take 1 per cent for it. I am so pained with the stone that I forget things. Pray show this matter to his Highness and answer with speed; for the gain of 200l. Fl. by paying this money aforehand should not be lost. Andwerp, 3 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1546.
3 July.1200. Cheyney to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 230.
Would not have written again but that Mons. de Bowshtet today came to his lodging and asked if he had anything for England, as they were despatching to their ambassador. Since he wrote by Nicholas the courier, has had increasing good cheer from the King (who "was nothing so lusty nor so gaunt" when Cheyney last saw him), the Dolphyn, the Dolphinesse, Lady Margaret the King's daughter, the Princess of Navarre, and all the rest. The King and Dolphin are glad as possible of the King's Majesty's friendship, which the King says he "never brake in his heart, nor never will"; and the Dolphin is daily "apparelled in white and green." Has not seen the Queen, who is "something acrased" but shall be one of the godmothers. Yesterday, after dinner, Mons. de Moretta and a great company brought him to the King, who was washing his hands after dinner. Describes the interview, during which the King made him keep his cap on and took him and the six gentlemen who accompany him into the cool privy chamber, a "glorious chamber" like the other, and thence to a fair gallery 300 ft. long and 19ft. or 20 ft. broad, beneath which are divers fair chambers, a "bayne," a "hotehouse" and other "commodities." At supper the Dolphiness, Princess Margaret and Duchess of Saint Powle (at the board's end) sat above the King; and beneath him Madame de Tampes, the Dolphin and other ladies. Cheyney sat opposite Madame de Tampes, and the cardinals of Loreign and Fan-are, the duke of Guise, Admiral and others were present, two boards being set crosswise. The christening shall be tomorrow at 5 p.m. Mons. de Nawnsee, whom the Kings Majesty will remember seeing in England, a goodly gentleman, captain of one of the guards of the Privy Chamber and master of the ceremonies, and Secretary Bowshetet (who wrote the child's name, Elizabeth, in Cheyney's patent) dined with him today. Nawnsee said that the Queen and the Princess of Navarre should be godmothers, and that Cheyney should at supper sit on the King's left and be "served with covered dishes and covered cup as and the King's Majesty were here himself, but that he should sit above the French king on his right hand." Told him that his authority ended with the christening, but Nawnsee said that his master would needs have it so. On Monday (fn. 12) shall be "great jousts and tourney" at which the Dolphin will needs have him. Is treated like a king's son, all for love of the King's Majesty; and Mons. de Moretta, who comes to England with the Admiral, is the meetest man to entertain strangers that Cheyney ever saw or "ever shall see." Founteign le Bleaw, 3 July.
This letter had been carried by the French post if bearer had not arrived as it was finished. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1546.
3 July.1201. Cheyney to Paget.
R. O.Your letters dated at Grenwyche, 1st inst., I received when at supper, by bearer, Francisco the Courier. I marvel who informed the King that I was here on Saturday or Sunday last. To have so been I must have left all or most of the gentlemen, the King's servants, behind for lack of horses; as I wrote to you from Parys on Sunday last, (fn. 13) being assured by the master of the posts there, whose brother is prisoner in England and was lieutenant to the baron de Saint Blanccart, that my letters should be with you within two days if wind and weather served. Another hindrance, I wrote before, was "that I was taken with a laske" and that the King's chief present was broken and could not be mended in three days, so that Alard had to bring the cover after me to Melon. The Admiral's coming is to be on his galleys, well accompanied, as I wrote from Parys and by Nicholas,—writing also of all things in the memorial you delivered me, which I have declared to the King and Admiral. It will be ten days at least ere the Admiral begins his journey. "And even now the King, the Dolfyn, the said Admyrall and a great company of ladies came under my chamber window in three little galleons singing as sweetly as ever I heard, the King himself being one of them that sang. Such a triumph at a christening as I think was never seen nor heard of as this is like to be." Fountain le Blewe, 3 July, at 12 o'clock at night. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
3 July.1202. English Coin in the Low Countries.
Schanz,
Englische
Handels-
politik, ii 638.
Report to the Emperor by his officers of the mint (generaulx de vous monnaies) in the Low Countries that, owing to the cessation of war between France and England, the country is flooded with half sovereigns at 4 fl. which are only worth 3fl. 2 patters 12 mites, and quarter [sovereigns] at proportionate rate, and with silver stoters at 2½ sous, which are worth only 2½ gros, and half stoters. This being represented to the Emperor at his last being at Antwerp he issued proclamations against accepting such coins, but these avail nothing notwithstanding that the silver has since been further debased with a quarter of alloy. The result is that all good gold and silver is carried into England and the aforesaid coins are spread abroad by the men-of-war whom the King of England paid off in them.
ii. Commission by the Queen Regent to Mr. Loys de Zoede, secretaire ez ordonnances de sa Majesté et aussi en Brabant, to examine the evidences of Jehan Cobbe, general des monnaies de Brabant, in the above. Brussels, 3 July 1546.
French.
3 July.1203. Charles V. to Van der Delft.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 287.
Received his of the 10th, 12th and 14th. If he has not yet explained to the King the Emperor's reason for assembling forces, he should forthwith do so. Encloses report received from Spain of the money and other property in the ship pillaged by Renegat. He must claim restitution and let the Emperor know what he obtains, in order that measures may be taken in Spain with regard to English claims there. Ratisbon, 3 July 1546.
4 July.1204. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 473.
Meeting at Greenwich, 4 July. Present: Canterbury, Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Admiral, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Riche, Baker. Business:—John Beawmont, receiver of the Court of Wards, having complained by letter of ill treatment by the marquis of Dorset at the late sessions at Leicester for the Contribution, both were this day heard, and, as Beawmont could not justify most of his charge, the Marquis was ordered to keep the peace towards him; and he, with "a lesson to know in better sort his superiors" and not complain of a nobleman without cause, was bound in 500 mks. not to depart from London until further order by the Council; "and thereupon licence given him so to do accordingly." Letter to —— (blank) to take possession of the goods of Sir John Jenyns, late master of the ordnance at Boulogne, who died indebted to the King,—deferring, for the present, to call for a debt of 4l. 6s. 11d. due by Thos. Broughton, and assisting Thomas Ridley to recover 48l. 3s. 8d. due from "divers of the garrison there" for powder, match and arquebuses. Upon information by Lord Gray that Rogers, surveyor of works at Boulogne, had used unfitting words towards him, letters were written to Hertford to send for Lord Gray and, having learnt the facts, call Rogers and remind him (form of words given) of his duty to his chief officer. The parson of the Hithe of Colchester examined and dismissed upon bond to appear when called.
4 July.1205. The Privy Council to Ant. Bourchier and Others.
R. O.As the executors of John Smyth, late the Queen's receiver, cited for arrears "hanging in William Berners' office," allege that books remain in your custody to discharge these debts; we require you to show them. Greenwich, 4 July 1546. Signed by Wriothesley, Winchester, Browne, Paget and Petre.
P 1. Add.. "To Anthony Bourcher, auditor to the Queen's Grace, and to William Kennet and Thomas Mathew, late clerks to Thomas Twesell, auditor, and to every of them."
4 July.1206. Prince Edward to Henry VIII.
Harl. MS.
5,087, No. 15.
B. M.
Nichols'
Lit. Rem. of
Edw. VI., 20.
Thanks for sending him Philip, who is both a musician and a gentleman, for his improvement in playing the lute. Rejoiced to hear that he was to come to the King; for he had two wishes, first for peace to the King and realm, and then to see the King. Quibus factis felix sum. Hunsdon, 4 July 1546.
Lat., fair copy, ½ p. A Translation printed in Halliwell's Letters, ii. 14.
4 July.1207. Selve to Francis I.
Corresp.,
No. 1.
Receiving commandment at your Majesty's departure from Chaulnes and instructions at your being at Barbeau, I made all diligence hither; but only arrived last night, for the posts were disordered by Millort Chesnay's riding to you, and I lost a day at Boulogne for lack of horses, and another at Calais waiting for the tide. Twenty-five miles from Greenwich a gentleman of the King's chamber, named Bellingham, met me and has hitherto lodged me and defrayed all expenses. Today I presented my letters of credence and expressed your hope that the new peace would be lasting. The King, replying in like strain, declared that he had made the war unwillingly and at another's solicitation, and it was largely due to the bad offices of your ministers. He then announced the early departure of the Admiral of England and other gentlemen for the Court of France and expressed his desire to see the Admiral of France, to whom he would be frank as good friends ought to be. To his enquiry about war in Piedmont I replied that I did not think you had cause for war with anyone, and did not know that the Emperor complained of breach of the treaty. The King afterwards said that the Emperor was making war against the Protestants and the abp. of Cologne, and the Turk was coming against Hungary, as the Emperor's ambassador, to whom he had just given audience, told him (we had entered the palace at the same time). He further said that, if let alone, the Emperor would seek to command all Germany, and if he gained that point would try to command elsewhere; and the Pope (whom he called Bishop of Rome) and Emperor were one. Had you not sent the prelates of your realm to the Council? I answered that the cardinals and prelates of your realm were still there, although some of the bishops might, indeed, have gone; the personages whom you sent to the Council were sent to watch your interests. The King then made an end, saying that he was going to hear mass.
I afterwards saluted the Admiral, the Chancellor, the bps. of Canterbury and Winchester, Secretary Paget and other members of the Council, and had a good welcome, especially from the Admiral and Paget, to whom severally I delivered your message. Paget seems much inclined to your service and said that the Admiral's coming must be hastened, one should put in water while the pot is boiling; the Admiral of England was ready and should take leave of the King today, being joined, for the reception of the ratification, with the bp. of Durham, who is of the Council, the dean of Canterbury, who goes to reside with your Majesty, and Mr. Quevenet (Knyvet), one of the principal gentlemen of the Chamber. The dean of Canterbury afterwards visited me, on the King's behalf, and spoke of the importance of the Admiral's coming, adding that the Admiral of England and bp. of Durham had already sent forward their train. He also spoke of a single combat between an Englishman (fn. 14) and a stranger which Francis had authorised, saying that his King would rather have had it stopped, considering the amity between the princes. I answered that I did not know the cause of the combat, but would notify the objection. London, 4 July 1546.
Fr.
4 July.1208. [Hertford] to the Marshal de Byes.
Harl. MS.
288, f. 73.
B. M.
Mons. le Marreschall, some of your people now at Brunnenberg, on this side the water, have resisted the entry of ours and committed robberies. I would have punished them but that I esteem you would do so if you heard of it. Not doubting but that you will command your people to leave the place and forbid any crossing to this side in future, I will give like order to ours. Bulloignye sur la Mer, 4 July, 1546.
French. Copy, p. 1. Subscribed: A Monsr. le Marl du Byes.
4 July.1209. Matthew Lyghtmaker.
Add. MS.
5,753, f. 188.
B. M.
Hertford's warrant to Sir John Haryngton, treasurer of the army in France, to pay Matthew Lyghtmaker and his 80 horses wages for two months, 5 May to 4 July, at 12 Phs. guylderus monthly, 920 Phs. which, at 3s. 2d., is 304l. st. Given 4 July, 38 Hen. VIII. Signed.
ii. Receipt. Signed: Mathies Luchtemaker.
P. 1.
4 July.1210. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O.Perceives by their Lordships' late letters that he is to receive the money payable by the merchants in the end of last month,—a more cumbrous work than he and six more could do. The sum must be received in more than a hundred divers coins, and every gold coin weighed. Having, since he came last out of England, been sore diseased with the stone, he begs them to join with him some man who may carry on the work if at any time he is disabled by his disease. It is reported that "the new angel, the new crown of the rose and new groats shall be shortly called to a less value than they be now current for," whereby (the merchants commonly paying in "those ij golds,") might be great loss to the King. Jasper Dowche, to get a sum of money for the Fugger, offers 1 per cent, for the anticipation of the said merchants' money between this and 15 August next. As to the sum due on 15 Aug., reminds them that the Fugger has for the first bargain 14 obligations of London amounting to 662,280 gilderns of 3s. 4d. Fl., which is 110,380l. Fl., and for the second bargain one obligation of 40,000l. Fl. and odd.
Here great sums arc taken up for Spaigne. A king of Affryke, as Vaughan signified to the King yesterday by a servant of Mr. Chamberleyn's, is said to have raised men against the Emperor. The Fugger cannot anticipate his money with the condition which the Council require, because he owes money at this mart and has emprunted much to the Emperor; therefore, please weigh Jasper Dowche's offer of 1 per cent, for the anticipation of 20,000 or 30,000l. Fl. The King's merchants who are bound to pay money here are hindered by these wars, for Almayn takes most of the cloth that comes from England. Many of them are slack in their payments and, if war continue, may be more slack in the August payment. Andwerp, 4 July 1546.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
4 July.1211. The Dauphin to Mary of Guise.
Nothing new has occurred since he wrote last by Ausi, varlet de chamber of the King his father; but as the Sire de Mandosse now goes thither by the King's command, he sends this letter to assure her of his friendship and refer her for the rest to the charge which he has given to Mandosse. Fontainebleau, 4 July 1546. Signed: vostre bon frere et amy, Henry. (Endd.: Lettre du Daulphin.)
From a modern copy, p. 1.
[4 July.]1212. The Christening in France.
Vesp. C. xiv.
Pt. i., 76b.
B. M.
"The rewards given to the ladies at the christening of the Dolphin's child," viz.:—
To Madame de la March, gouvernaunte, a chain and girdle, 233 cr. at 5s. 6d., 64l. 4s. 4d. Madame de Penon, gouvernante, a like chain and girdle. La Nourisse, 40l. La Saige Femme, 40l. Ma Damoiselle de Montignyi qui remene Madame, 20l. Trois femmes de chambre qui borsent (bersent) Madame, 30l. Delivered to Julian Romero, 27l. 10s.
Modern copy, p. 1.
4 July.1213. St. Mauris to Prince Philip. (fn. 15)
Spanish
Calendar.
viii., No. 289.
Reports what he has been able to ascertain of the conditions of the peace between France and England [fairly accurate except that he supposes the pensions not to be payable until the expiration of the eight years]. The Admiral makes much of the fact that at the end of eight years France acquires the English fortifications of Boulogne. The Holy See is not included, but your Highness is, for the French king insisted not only that he could not make peace without your Highness' consent but that you must be expressly included. Cardinal Ferrara assured Madame d' Etampes that England is bound to aid France if your Highness first violates the treaty of peace. The Chancellor told me that the Scots were included unconditionally; and the Queen of France has heard the same from Châtillon, a friend of the Keeper of the Seals, and that France was bound to further the marriage of the young Queen of Scots with the Prince of England. Châtillon was told by the Keeper of the Seals that the King of England insisted that this clause was an agreement to the marriage, but the French replied that the maiden was neither at liberty nor of age for anything definite to be said; and thereupon two gentlemen, French and English, were sent to Scotland, and brought answer from the Regent that they submitted the matter entirely to the King of France. This unexpected answer left him no course but to promise that, when she reached a proper age, he would do his best to incline her to such a marriage. People here say that these promises do not bind them to anything; but they confess that the King of England took the eight years because at the end of that time the Princess of Scotland will be marriageable, and then, if the French fail to promote the marriage, he will refuse to fulfil his part of the treaty. The Keeper of the Seals also told Châtillon "that he held a secret clause in the treaty mutually binding the Kings of France and England and the Protestants to aid each other if any of them be assailed." This Châtillon told the Queen in confidence, adding that the Admiral had said that the Protestants deserved something, and it would be another cut at the Pope. Châtillon could not say whether the mutual aid was only for a case of religious war or for any attack, but he insists that the King of France bound himself to help the Protestants if assailed, and that the agreement was repeated when the Duke of Lunenburg was here, who was principal instrument in negociating this mutual assistance clause. The King has told the Queen that he has communicated the conditions of the treaty both to your Highness and to the Queen of Hungary, as, no doubt, "people would try to represent them otherwise." People here are not pleased with the English retention of Boulogne; and, indeed, the encroachments that will result are obvious. The belief is firm that this King has not negociated peace for the purpose of traversing your affairs, but because of the exhaustion of his realm. It is said that to amass the money for the English this King and his Council have decided to impose four tithes a year during the next eight years; but the Ladies will oppose this. Melun, 4 July.
4 July.1214. St. Mauris to Prince Philip.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., p. 421.
Of the embargo of the French ship in Spain complaint has not been made to him, but may have been made to the Emperor direct. Is told that the French intend suddenly to embargo Spanish ships in France; and indeed the Admiral declares openly his desire to enrich himself under pretence of his office. The principal object of this letter is to report that the Cardinal of Scotland has been killed by two of his servants, at the instigation of his Scottish enemies who are partizans of England. The French are certain that the King of England caused the murder, as he hated the Cardinal for opposing the marriage of the Princess of Scotland with the Prince of England. The worst of it is that the murderers are in a very strong fortress and may be aided by England, thus arousing a fresh conflict before the time for the restitution of Boulogne. It is certain that the King of England will do all he can to keep the territory of Boulogne. Melun, 4 July 1546.
4 July.1215. St. Mauris to Covos.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 290.
Replies to Covos' enquiry of 20 June that on first hearing of the Emperor's undertaking in Germany the King and his ministers rejoiced, the King saying at table that the Protestants would fight a hundred battles; but now, seeing that the Catholics will rally to the Emperor and the Lutheran cities delay to declare against him, they are downhearted and say that the Emperor acts cruelly. Asked the King, two days ago, to refrain from helping those with whom the Emperor was at war. He answered that he was in no way allied with Germany and would give no such help, nor had been asked for it. All good people esteem the Emperor for undertaking so good a cause. In reply to congratulations, the King said he was pleased with the peace he had recently made, as the English bad undertaken to restore Boulogne. The Pope is moving him to reconcile the Holy See and the King of England on condition that if the latter recognises the Papacy he shall be satisfied in all other matters; offering, in return, to intercede personally with the Emperor about Piedmont, and to effect a marriage between our Prince and Madame Marguerite. The King's reply was that he would willingly intervene, but the King of England refused to allow the Pope's envoy (fn. 16) to go to England with the ordinary French ambassador. The Pope still seeks to make a reconciliation, and intends to employ therein a Venetian (fn. 17) who took part in the recent peace negociations and is popular in England. The ordinary Nuncio, a week ago, begged the King to send his prelates to the Council; and was answered that the Pope was assisting the Emperor with 10,000 men against Saxony and the Landgrave, and thus promoting war during the Council, and even without this there was good reason for not sending the prelates.
Begs for arrears of salary. Melun, 4 July 1546.
4 July.1216. Guron Bertano to Cardinal Sancta Fiore.
R. O.* * * *
The King was present throughout, and when this most solemn ball was over, he stopped the festivity, and with Madame La Dauphine, Madame di Tampes and many other favourites and principal ladies and gentlemen, entered the hall beneath, where was made a collation. The company then separated. Tomorrow there will be jousting, and on the following day a fight between two Spaniards, who were captains, respectively, in the service of England and Franco. The cause is that he in the English service called the other traitor for leaving that service for this. Such a camp is a novelty here. * * * * Fontena blio, 4 July, 1546.
Italian. Modern extract, from Rome, p. 1.
5 July.1217. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 175.
Meeting at Greenwich, 5 July. No attendance recorded. Business:—Warrant to Cavendish to pay Hen. Isam, for posting to Fountainebleau to the Lord Warden, 7l. 10s. To Peckham to deliver out of the mint at York 500l. to Sir Wm. Malory, treasurer of Berwick, for payment of the pensioners of the Marches to Midsummer last. To Williams to deliver to R. Knight, servant to my lord Great Master, 1,000l. to discharge garrisons in the Isle of Wight. Recognisance (signed) of James Roo, clk., to appear at any time within 12 months when called.
5 July.1218. Wotton to Sir Anthony Browne.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 232.
As Browne willed him yesterday, followed the French ambassador home and declared the matter. He answered that the Admiral was preparing to come hither within the time appointed for the ratification, and had ordered the Baron de la Garde to have the galleys ready; yet, as Cardinal Tournon, who usually supplies his room when absent, is sick, his departure may be delayed, and if so his master desires the King not to be discontented. He indeed showed the King that at the approaching combat "the Admiral peradventure would assist him (fn. 18) to whom the French king had granted the camp"; but that, he said, was only incidentally spoken, and he divers times reminded Wotton to declare to the King that the Admiral's staying was not grounded thereon but on the Cardinal's sickness; he had declared to the King that my lord Admiral might meanwhile be sent for his master's ratification. Told him that at Guisnes it was first said that (the peace taking effect) the Admiral should come straight hither, then that he would return to the christening and thereupon come hither: and, as it was said that each should be about one time with the other's master, it did not seem meet that my lord Admiral should go first and the other peradventure not come at all. The ambassador said that the Admiral might well be here in time, unless the Cardinal's sickness stayed him a se'nnight or a fortnight, but he would write to his master therein; and as for the combat, to write were labour lost, the appointed day being the 8th inst., and it was but a private matter, usual with men of war, and between strangers. Told him he ought to write even though his letters came late and the matter was hardly private, as one of the parties was charged with a fault against the King which was the ground of the combat, and an offence so notorious as to need no trial; his master should rather punish the man than "ottroye" him the combat; the camp was granted during the hostility, but now things should be otherwise considered, and although both were strangers the one was faulty and the other not. Finally the ambassador promised to advertise his master with all speed. London, 5 July 1546.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
5 July.1219. Selve to the Admiral.
Corresp.,
No. 2.
Yesterday presented the Admiral's letter to the King and explained that he could not pass into England before 15 July, but the delay of nine or ten days should not prejudice negociations, the King of France being ready to ratify the treaty when required; the Admiral could not yet have received news of the imminent departure of the Admiral of England. The near date of this departure and the bad reception of Selve's first overture, viz. for delay of the Admiral's coming, kept him from treating the second, viz. the replacement of the Admiral by another. Fulfilled the Admiral's instructions with regard to the Admiral of England and Paget, who said that his coming was greatly desired. The bp. of Durham, the dean of Canterbury (who is to continue resident with Francis) and Sir Henry Knyvet, gentleman of the Chamber, accompany the embassy. Selve's reception in England has been most gracious. A French gentleman (fn. 19) has just come, saying that he was sent by Francis to Scotland and returning by sea was captured by two English ships and taken to Newcastle. That was on 18 June after the publication of the peace, and he begs Selve to remonstrate with this Council thereupon. He says that he will carry his complaint to Francis and report certain affairs which the seigneur de Mandosse ought to know before arriving in Scotland. London, Monday, 5 July 1516.
Fr.
5 July.1220. Selve to the Chancellor of France.
Corresp.,
No. 3.
Did not think it right at this first interview to ask the King of England to appoint his deputies for the affair of the 500,000 cr. Mons. Bouchetel said lately that the appointment of the avocat Marillac would not be agreeable here and that he would move you to name another in his place. London, Monday morning, 5 July 1546.
Fr.
5 July.1221. Selve to Bochetel.
Corresp.,
No. 4.
Desires to know how his despatches are taken, that the correction of his faults may guide him in his charge. London, Monday morning, 5 July 1546.
Fr.
5 July.1222. Otwell Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O.London, 5 July 1546:—Glad to hear of his wife's prosperous delivery of a son. On Saturday last, sent a packet of letters by young John Francis of Oundell with such news as he has learnt since coming to London. By bearer, Atkins, received his wife's male, and now sends 9lb. of packthread, 21b. prunes, 21b. great "resons," 21b. small "resons," and 1lb. dates, sewn together in canvas. Has also a sugar loaf and 2 doz. trenchers which bearer could not take as he left his horse at Mymmes. The wool carts may carry them back together with a "stillitorie" and other things from Mr. Gery. I return your hose with the faults amended; and will bring money with me although I have written how exchange is altered. Your shipping is not yet appointed. Since leaving you, Ric. Whethill has been in Calais with Mr. Offley about John Bound's goods of which Mr. Kirton and Offley were executors: he returned this day. "Being in doubt whether [I sent yo]u word in my last letter of Steven Brinklo's [departure from] this life the last week, in Drue Sanders' house, or ....... here I recite the same unto you." From Antwerp are arrived my master's paving tiles, priced, as Robt. Androw writes, 21l. 4s. 2d. Frisadoes may also yield something, but linen cloth will "nowise away." Comes down within eight days. Mr. Curteys will pay Quycke's charges.
Pp. 2. Much mutilated. Add.: at Glapthorne. Endd.: answered by mouth at Glapthorn.
5 July.1223. John Scudamore to the King's Council.
R. O.As Sir Harry Corens alias Cams "hath no distress, I have appointed him to appear before your Lordships the xvjth of this present month of July to make answer accordingly." 5 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: The lord Chancellor and other the lords of the King's Majesty's most honorable Council.
5 July.1224. Vaughan to Paget or Petre.
R. O.I write at large to the King in my letter herewith. One thing that I forgot to write is "that the Welsar taketh up much money here for Spaigne; which confirmeth the news of the army of the king of Aphrik. Besides that, the Emperor taketh up all all (sic) the money he can get. Herewith 1 send you a remembrance of one, made for masts that he hath to sell of an exceeding bigness," if it please the King to have any. Andwerp, 5 July, late in the night.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O.2. "Pour vendre a la Majeste du Roy d' Angletere deux ou trois cens bien grossez mastes, a delivrer a Dordrecht en Hollande endedens ij ou iij anneez au plus loing." Thirteen of them are now at Dordrecht, of the following dimensions, viz.:—Three of 124 ft. long, and nine of 115 ft. long, all 38 to 42 handbreadths (palmez) thick at the large end and 18 to 20 at the small; one piece of 120 ft. long, 46 handbreaths thick at the large end and 22 at the small. These masts were cut near Berne in Switzerland in November and December and will be sold at 120 cr. each.
French, p. 1. Endd. by Vaughan: A remembrance of masts offered to be sold to the K's Mate.

Footnotes

1 June 27th.
2 June 27th
3 May 9th.
4 John Hadlam. or Adams.
5 Wriothesley's Chronicle has it that on "the eighteenth day of June" (which is evidently a mistake for "eight and twentieth" for it comes after the "twentie-seaventh day," describing the matter of Crome) the parties "were this day first indicted of heresy and after arraigned upon the same, and there confessed their heresies against the Sacrament of the Altar, without any trial of a jury, and so had judgment to be brent, these persons being justices, Sir Martin Bowes, knight, lord mayor of London, the Duke of Norfolk. the lord Great Master the bishop of London, Doctor Heath, bishop of Worcester, the two chief justices of the King's Bench and Common Place, the lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, the Master of the Rolls, the Recorder of London, the Bishop of London's archdeacon, chancellor and commissary. And after judgement they were had to the prison of Newgate." The morrow after Dr. Shakston and Nicholas (sic) White were converted to the true belief "but Anne Askewe, alias Keme, was had to the Tower of London and there set on the rack where she was sore tormented, but she would not convert for all the pain."
6 Printed by John Bale with a Preface and running Commentary "at Marpurg in the land of Hessen, 16 die Januarii, anno 1547." Bale states that he received it "in copy by certain Dutch merchants coming from thence, which had been at their burning and beholden the tyrannous violence there showed."
7 June 20th. See No. 1093
8 June 29th, apparently.
9 See Vol. XX. Part i. Nos 390, 391.
10 July 1st.
11 July 4th.
12 July 5th.
13 June 27th.
14 Romero, not an Englishman but a Spaniard in the English service. His antagonist was Mora, another Spaniard.
15 The wording of this letter seems to indicate that it was addressed to the Emperor; perhaps the copy here described was a Spanish translation enclosed in No. 1214.
16 Guron Bertano.
17 Francesco Bernardo.
18 Mora.
19 The Sieur de Combas. See No. 1275.