Henry VIII
September 1546, 11-15

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1910

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30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43

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'Henry VIII: September 1546, 11-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2: September 1546-January 1547 (1910), pp. 30-43. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80873 Date accessed: 22 September 2014.


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September 1546, 11-15

11 Sept.73. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C. 531.
Meeting at Oking, 11 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, [Lord Chamberlain, Essex, Browne, Wingfield, Paget]. Business:—Letters to the treasurer of Calais to pay the commissioners for the musters like entertainment as others before them had, and to Hugh Giles, who was in Mons. de Bure's camp, 10s. a day for the time of his absence from Calais.
11 Sept.74. Commissioners for Survey of Boulonnois to Henry VIII.
R. O.Have surveyed all Bullonoys and Newhaven "(the lands lying near to your limits not discussed only excepted)" and spoken with such of the King's subjects and of the French as mean to inhabit any of the lands, to know what farm they will give by the acre; taking occasion upon their answers to stay the demising thereof until the King's further pleasure, to whom Sir Thomas Moyle now repairs with certain articles wherein they would know his resolution. Boloign, 11 Sept. 1546. Signed: Thomas Moyle: E. Wotton: Edward Bray: John Haryngton: Thomas Bryggys: Will'm Berners: Thom's Mildemaie.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
11 Sept.75. Carne to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., xi.,
297.
On the 10th inst. received theirs of 31 Aug. and delivered the article of the comprehension of the Scots to President Schore, "who shewide me that the Scotes doo ley for them that themperor ys not comprehended in the peax betwixt the Kinges Matie and them, wherof he merveyled, seing the Kinges Matie (as he said) oght to have comprehended them; never the lesse the Scotes doo offer to treate by themselfes wt them here of a peax; but (he said) that they had send to th'emperor's ambassadour resident ther to move the Kinges Matie therin, in so moch (he said) that wher tharticle is that the Kinges Matie may not warre against the Scotes (nisi nova occasione data) his Matie hath a new occasion by that the Scotes doo kepe wane against themperor." Schore further said that the Governor of the Scots besieges Sainct Androse castle, to do justice upon them that slew the Cardinal. The Lady Regent, he said, looked for no news of the Emperor until the battle were past, who tarries only for the Count de Buire. At first the Emperor encamped upon the other side of Danubium, but, seeing that the Landsgrave did not follow him, he crossed to this side; and thereupon the Landsgrave removed to the other side, so that now there is nothing to let De Buire's coming to the Emperor. The Council here have Mr. Dymock's testimonials to peruse; and promise to report thereon to the Lady Regent speedily. Mr. Damesell has sent to me to get passport for 9,000 kyntalls of copper. I have spoken for it, but have yet no answer. Bruxells, 11 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
11 Sept.76. Carne to Paget.
R. O.Has nothing to write other than is in his letter to the Council herewith, for here is no great stirring, and news of the battle with the Germans is expected. Bruxells, 11 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
11 Sept.77. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. xi.,
294.
At his receipt of letters from the Council of 31 Aug. and from the King of the 3rd inst., by Francisco, the French king had been two or three days hunting near Mascon, a good town upon Sone where the ambassadors remained. Sent to Court on Our Lady Day (fn. 1) to know when he might have audience. The King had lain the night before at Bourg in Bresse, and that morning, about 10 o'clock, after hearing mass, departed thence, intending to lodge in a village; and Wotton received answer that if he lodged on Thursday (fn. 2) night as near the Court as he could he should have audience on Friday morning, Lodged therefore on Thursday night at Tournus, on this side Sone. the French king being at Cuserye, 3 or 4 English miles beyond the Sone; and next morning had audience as he was going to Mass. The French king answered that, as for the point of the entry of Boloyn haven, he intended no fortification there, for that would be a new fortification, but Portet was begun before the conclusion of the treaty, howbeit he had cause to complain because Henry fortified upon the hill by Boloyne, which was a new fortification; as for the river, his commissioners should proceed according to the treaty, and as for Mons. Daultinges he never heard of it before, but he had ground about that side of Arde, and if the hay was within his pale, or he in possession of it, we had no cause to complain, and if not he would make satisfaction; his chancellor should take order therein. Wotton replied that, as he was informed, no fortification was begun at Portet before the treaty, for trenches made when his men camped there last year could not be called the beginning of a fort; as for the hill by Boloyne, Wotton knew that it was ordered before the treaty, and that when he lay at Guisnes for the treaty the Admiral and Paget were certified that it was begun; as for the river, the agreement he spoke of was not put in the treaty for lack of leisure, but was of as much strength as the words of the treaty; and as for the matter of Arde, he would declare it to the Chancellor. The French king answered that at Portet, both last year and this, he had begun not a trench but a fort, as should be proved, and, whatsoever the Admiral and Paget were informed, no fortification was begun upon the hill by Boloyne before the conclusion of the treaty; he was content to have the matter tried, and anything found to have been begun by either side since the treaty beaten down; Mons. l'Admyrall would be here within three or four days, who had spoken with Henry on these matters, and would make the final answer; as for the river, whatsoever was agreed should be kept, but "the Admiral and others that were at it "were not now at Court; Wotton should repair to the Admiral therein; he desired nothing more than the continuance of the amity, and would not give light credence to any minister who went about to hinder it.
Thus, having a good answer as to the hill at the entry of the haven which he takes to be the most important thing, and the matters of Portet and the river being referred to the Admiral, who has already promised that no fortification shall be made at Portet, Wotton thought best to tarry the Admiral's coming. Before seeing the King, asked the Chancellor and the General Bayard, whether they had sent their commissioners to discuss the 11th article of the treaty, viz., the 500,000 cr. They answered that the day appointed for the meeting was the 7th inst. and their commissioners should be there on the 6th. Tournus upon Sone, 11 Sept. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd.
11 Sept.78. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.Received Paget's letter of 31 Aug., with the ciphers. The order taken for conveying letters will be a great ease for Wotton and others "in the room," but he doubts that delay or non-delivery of letters, or perhaps the opening of one, might be of more importance than all the money saved, which is not likely to be much. Wrote, by a letter delivered to the master of the Post here, of a great number of Italians slain. General Bayard says now that the King is since certified that it was but a skirmish in which 40 or 50 horsemen, Italians and Spaniards, were taken, and 300 or 400 slain; also that as the Protestants threatened Ingolstadt the Emperor returned to Regensburgh, and the armies are near together and like to fight shortly. "Mons. de Bure goeth on still. If the Protestants suffer him to join his army with the Emperor's they shall have more ado than they think to have, what great number soever they be." Our friend Monluc seems out of favour. Suing for the bishopric, of Mirepoix he offended the Chancellor, whose brother has it. He told me since I came to this Court that he went again to Venice; yet the French king has sent another. And I think that if in favour he would have gone into England with the Admiral. Tournus upon Sone, 11 Sept. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
12 Sept.79. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 531.
Meeting at Guldeforde, 12 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Lord Chamberlain, Essex, Browne, Paget. Business :—Sir Thomas Seymour, complaining that the President in Wales had dispossessed him of his possession of the tithes of Pickel, whereof the King "is in reversion," had letters to the President to restore the corn to him for this year and the Lords would determine the matter here; also to refer hither any suit which might be brought against him by one of the yeomen of the Guard for the keeping of Marsey park, "because order was heretofore taken between him and Sir George Cotton," Seymour's predecessor in the stewardship. (fn. 3) George Mutton, petty captain, taken at the camisado and prisoner in France from 9 Oct. ao 36 until the 20th day after Christmas the year next following, had letters to Deputy and Council of Boulogne for his wages; they were also to allow Mr. Asheton his wages as captain and to receive as captains Wm. George, Edm. Bowes, Thos. Powell, John Baran, Cuthb. Vaughan, Alderley and Young Herne; and the said George Mutton to remain petty-captain.
12 Sept.80. Charles V. to Don Diego Hurtado de Mendoza.
* * * * * *
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 318.
An Englishman and a Lutheran are in Venice negociating with the Signory, to whom they offer the county of Tyrol. God having granted the Emperor such signal successes in this war, he is little disturbed by these intrigues; but it would be well to lay hold of the four men from Venice, Switzerland and the Grisons who went to solicit the county of Tyrol. The Lutheran has discovered Don Diego's plan against him. Camp near Ingolstadt, 12 Sept. 1546.
12 Sept.81. Genoa.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 319.
News from Piedmont sent to the Emperor by Fernando de Gonzaga.
A brother of Count Fiesco went some time ago to France and was graciously received by the Admiral. The subsequent rumour in the French Court that he had gone to England was probably only meant to give the impression that he had failed to obtain favour.
13 Sept.82. Council in London to Council with the King.
R. O.Received theirs of the 11th, with those from Mr. Vaughan and the copy of the covenant with Erasmus Sketz. Merchants, both Adventurers and Staplers, being reminded of what might ensue of the disappointment of their payments in Andewerpe for discharge of the King's debt, answer that, whatsoever may be written, the payments shall be kept; and, albeit one or two may be slack, in small sums, they seem "assured that more is made of the matter than needeth, and note some unkindness in Mr. Vaughan, both for the often mistrust of them in his letters and [the] harde (sic) handling of them in the receipt of their money than needeth." Have written to Newcastle that Sketz is bound to deliver his corn sweet and merchantable; and that if it be so they shall receive it and keep it safely, together with the remainder there, and, if it be not meet to receive, then to lend favour for its sale and utterance. The mayor will this day pay Sir Thomas Lewen 3,000l. of the corn money and other 3,000l. he shall have of Mr. Cofferer. Retaining 5,000l for the labourers under his charge, he is to pay the treasurer of Bulloyn 1.000l. for the labourers of Newehaven and Blacknasse, especially those at Newehaven, who are in miserable case. Have also to-day taken order for 4,000l. "for the banquett houses, to Nicholas Bristowe," viz., 2,000l. out of the Augmentations and 2,000l. from the Mint upon promise not to trouble them again for a good while; also for payment of about 500l. remaining due to Erasmus Sketz and "the charges of the transportation of my lord Admiral; which sums have clearly disfurnished all your treasurers." We send you, Mr. Secretary, a letter from Lord Graye, received from my Lord Admiral yesternight, to which doubtless you made immediate answer. Westm., 13 Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 3. Add. Endd: 1546.
13 Sept.83. Paget to Hertford.
R O.Sir Thomas Moyle is arrived from "the parts of beyond" for such purposes as he will declare to you. The King upon conference with him of the increase of the enemies' force and the multitude of workmen at Portet, after deliberation of matters of Bullen with my lord Privy Seal, my lord of Essex and me, has ordained 500 more pioneers to be sent over; as appears by my letter to Sir Richard Lee, which please seal and deliver. This will make 1,500 pioneers. After your coming thither, if the Frenchmen go forward with their works, all workmen who can be spared from Bullenberg shall be employed either upon the Windmill hill beside Brunemberg or at Marguyson, or both, or else (which his Majesty would prefer) upon the hill at the entry of the haven against the Old Man. His Majesty thinks that a good number of men may lie in the said hills without danger of the French fort and, with those who "work upon the hill (after they shall have sunken themselves in the ground, and so in their working be out of danger of the French shot), may always be succoured at the low water without any trouble; and, at the flood, the boats at Calais and Guysnes may be new caulked and brought thither for the passage both of horsemen and footmen, for the ordering whereof his Majesty desireth your brother to take some pain if the case shall so require." Immediately upon your arrival on the other side you shall send your opinion of what shall be done. Sr Francisco is arrived with such answer as you shall perceive by the letter, which please communicate to my lords there tomorrow, and also "devise for the persuasion of them for the sending over of the Pensioners both ordinary and extraordinary, and so to signify together your opinions hither, for his Majesty thinketh in any wise meet they do go, and therefore prayeth you to set the matter forth thereafter with them there; and then, a God's name, to get you forward." You are to hear Mr. Godolphyn's suit and satisfy him.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: Mr. Seer. Mr. [Paget to my lord] of Hertf., xiii. Sept. 1546.
13 Sept.84. Van der Delft to Charles V.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 320.
Describes (as in No. 14) his dealing with the Council about Scotland and the Boulognais, with this difference, that in speaking of Sturmius and Dr. Brun he describes himself as saying that, seeing the diversity of sects in this country, the Protestants having their openly declared champions, he did not know what to think; he even heard that some of them (the Protestants) had gained favour with the King and could only wish them as far away from Court as they were last year. Although the Council made no reply they showed that they understood him.
Since then, the day after receiving the Emperor's letters of the 20th ult. from Regensburg, he has dined with the Council. They told him that they had written to the King an account of their former conversation. The King, they said, deferred consideration of the two points above mentioned until Van der Delft's coming to Court; the King had not seen Sturmius for years and did not know that he had been in England; Dr. Brun was here, to arrange for the Strasburg people to hinder the passage of German troops to the French, and wished to place his son with the King, but the latter declined; the King was annoyed at suspicion being cast on him in this way, as had been done by the Emperor's ministers at Venice, and that the Emperor sent him no information about affairs. The Councillors seemed to feel the Emperor's silence more than anything, and added that the Emperor made two treaties with France, one of which was kept secret although they (the English) knew its purport, and they repeated, rather irrelevantly, their remark about the treaty with the Pope.
Replied that what he said about Sturmius had been prompted solely by devotion to the King, as a warning against the intrigues of these people who abandoned their schoolmasters' gowns and busied themselves with sowing trouble in Christendom; these sects tended only to the abolition of superiors both ecclesiastic and secular. The Council quite agreed, saying among themselves in their own language that the words were true. The writer continued, that he was sure they had been misinformed about the Emperor's ambassador in Venice (whom they named Don Diego de Mendoza), for the Emperor had complete confidence in the King's friendship; it was true that the English in Venice had an understanding with the Emperor's enemies and that a secretary (fn. 4) with the English ambassador resident there had solicited the post of ambassador there for the Protestants; as was proved by intercepted letters, and the Emperor made a statement about it to the English ambassador with him. At this the Councillors expressed surprise, and thanked him for the information. Touching their remarks about the paucity of news, the writer pointed out how he had informed the King of the Emperor's enterprise and its causes. The Chancellor first, and then all together, suggested that it would promote good feeling if the Emperor would occasionally write a word to the King.
As to the treaties with France the writer said that the only mention he ever heard of a secret treaty was made by the King to D'Eick and himself, last year; if the French had started a fresh rumour to this effect it was to serve their own ends (like their statement of their intention to commence war against the Emperor in Italy, of which he was informed by Secretary Paget), to cover their construction of a fort dominating Boulogne harbour upon which 3,000 men went to work the very day that the Admiral of France left England. The Council appeared displeased, although they tried to convince the writer that the fort was not prejudicial to them. Answered their words about the treaty with the Pope as on the former occasion; and the Council repeated that an occasional letter from the Emperor would do good. Sees from this that those who, like Paget, are most in favour, wish for something to support their views, in order the better to rebut those who seek to change religion and incline the King to innovations disadvantageous to the Emperor. Afterwards showed them the contents of the Imperial ban against Saxony and the Landgrave (which they approved) and told them something of the life and objects of the Protestants, who sought alliance here in order to bring this King and realm into their subjection. At dinner the Chancellor asked him to mention the purport of their conversation to the King at the first opportunity.
Understands that 2,000 men are to be sent over sea. The French have troops to assist and defend their sappers, who work continuously. The French say that they are constructing a haven for small boats, but the English fear that they mean to build a fort. Duke Philip and the Rhingrave are still here but not so much made of as formerly, and they seem ill pleased, recognising perhaps that their marriage plans will not succeed. Great activity is still displayed against sectarians, but the results are not so satisfactory as at the first. London, 13 Sept. 1546.
13 Sept.85. Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 321.
Writes to the Emperor as in the duplicates herewith. Two days ago the Chancellor sent a request that the remainder of the King's cannon powder at Antwerp, in the hands of his agent, Mr. Dammesel, and Erasmus Schetz, might be allowed to pass hither. London, 13 Sept. 1546.
13 Sept.86. Prince Edward to Dr. Coxe.
Harl. MS.
5087, No. 21.
B. M.
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. of Edw.
vi., 25.
I heard that you had recovered health and were stronger, dearest Almoner and Preceptor, and that I shall see you shortly, which is to me a very great solace. Wherefore take care of yourself lest you fall ill again; for many who begin to be strong and will not take care fall into a second illness worse than the first. Because I have but little time I write you a little letter. Hatfield, 13 Sept. 1546.
Lat., fair copy, pp. 2.
13 Sept.87. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O."Here is a saying that the Bishop of Rome is very sore sick. If he die it will stay the Emperor's payments of the clergy. Here are letters come out of England to strangers that the King's Majesty hath arrested all the French ships in England."
Mr. Chamberlain and Mr. Damesell will lack money to pay all the strangers, as long ago I signified to the Council. Please "give them order how to pay it." Agreeing with the strangers for valued gold will ask 1½ per cent. I have about 400l. Fl. in English groats and crowns, money "which I cannot put away," brought me by Dymock's servant more than six weeks ago "for corne." Chamberlain and Damesell will lack above 1,000l. and must have charge to agree for valued gold. Andwerp, 13 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
13 Sept.88. Repayment of Loan.
R. O.Acknowledgment by Michael and Jerome Deodati and Company, of Antwerp, of receipt from Thomas Chamberleyn, governor of the English nation in Antwerp, and William Damoisel, the King of England's agent there, since the 6th inst., of 9,000l. Fl. in current money in payment of a like sum due by the King, as appears by a contract in the hands of Ant. Bonvisy at London. Antwerp, 13 Sept. 1546. Signed: Michele e Girolamo Diodaty ecc.
French, p. 1. Endd.: A quietans of Deaudati of 9,000l. FL.
14 Sept.89. Selve to Francis i.
Corresp.,
No. 27.
Wrote on the 8th and 10th through Maréchal Du Bies, whom he has warned of the English preparations. On Sunday last (fn. 5) had audience of the King at Guildford and very good cheer, though somewhat less than usual. Communicated the news of Germany and copy of the Protestants' letter to the Emperor, forwarded by the Admiral in letters dated La Rye, 8 Sept. The King thanked him, and then began to speak of the new fortification of Boulogne, saying that he could not and would not endure it; he had told the Admiral that it was directly contrary to the treaty just made; it so encroached upon his haven that, if finished, that haven would be no longer his; as a matter of fact, his men of Boulogne had demolishd it, without, however, harming Francis' men as they might have done; one of Francis' captains wrote to one of his asking whether he or his master had ordered that demolition, and the English captain replied that he was astonished to be asked by whose order a fort made contrary to the treaty had been destroyed, when it was for the other rather to say by whose order the fort was made, contrary to the treaty. The King then complained of the delay in nominating the commissioners of the Boulonnais frontiers and of Maréchal du Biez's proclamation, and expressed satisfaction at the arrival of the commissioners for the 500,000 cr. In reply, maintained Francis' right to continue the fortification if begun before the treaty,—and even to begin it, since the King of England was doing as much on his side. The King denied fortifying on his side, although he had good reason, as he held no other hostage for the money promised him for Boulogne. Answered that if he meant to restore Boulogne there was no need to fortify it, and reminded him of the proclamation made in London at the time of the Admiral's coming about the sale, at farm and rent, of houses and lands in Boulogne and Boulonnais, contrary to the treaty. The King replied that in the proclamation was no question of the sale of the said lands; he did not promise to restore Boulogne for six or ten millions without counting upon your friendship, and fixed the term for its restitution for no other end than to see meanwhile whether you loved him or Boulogne, and to know how you got on with the Emperor and the Pope (whom he named bp. of Rome); and as you did, so he would do.
Begs excuse if he has acted without orders, the occasion seeming to require it. The bruit continues about levying men for Boulogne, and the greatest diligence is used in putting ships to sea. London, 14 Sept. 1546.
Fr.
14 Sept.90. Selve to Du Bies.
Corresp.,
No. 28.
Has received Du Bies' despatch of the 10th. Acquaints him with what the King of England has said and warns Mm that 5,000 men embark to-night on this river for Boulogne. London, 14 Sept. 1546.
Fr.
14 Sept.91. Selve to the Admiral [of France].
Corres.,
No. 29.
Told this King that the Admiral was the strongest support of peace between the princes. War is thought certain if the fortification continues. Men are levied daily, and already 2,000 men and a number of great horses have gone from Dover to Boulogne. Was told that Berteville was despatched into Germany for men, but cannot believe it, seeing the state of Germany, and that Berteville is still here. The great ships are already at the mouth of this river, and merchant strangers here are providing saltpetre; and Selve thinks that this King will re-enter war without regard to the welfare of his realm. Returned from Court yesterday to dinner; and afterwards the Emperor's ambassador departed thither, who had news from his master that the Emperor had raised the siege of Ingolstat, put 2,000 Italians and Spaniards therein and was driving the Protestants before him, having taken and slain a great number of them with his light horse. Also that M. de Bures had arrived at the camp, after destroying by the way several Protestant villages and towns in which he put men, women and children to death. Heard this from a Spaniard in the said Ambassador's house, whose news, however, is never to the Emperor's disadvantage. Spoke to the King about St. Blancard, whose retreat is still unknown. Was answered that the prisoner should first ransom himself; and fears that there is no other way. The Admiral of England remains in London. He has just sent a letter addressed to the Admiral, begging Selve to recommend the sender. Spoke of Le Gras both to the Admiral and the King, and was answered that the matter should be seen to when justice was done to their people and the ships of great value which had been taken were restored. Writes these details to the Admiral so as not to weary the King. London, 14 Sept. 1546.
To-night 5,000 Englishmen embark on this river to cross the sea. Advertises the Maréchal du Bies of all.
Fr.
14 Sept92. Mary of Hungary to Van der Delft.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii. No. 323.
Received his of the 3rd inst. Secretary Strick, who was sent to Scotland to claim restitution of ships captured by the Scots since the peace between England and France, describes his negociations as in the copies enclosed; and writes that the Scots consider that the treaty makes them at peace with England on their fulfilment of the conditions, which they will not at present decline, but that they remain at war with the Emperor because the clause of the treaty providing for their inclusion makes no mention of the war between the Emperor and them. In consenting to the inclusion of the Scots and leaving the Emperor at war, without information of that inclusion, the English violated clause 13 of the alliance treaty as interpreted recently at Utrecht. Van der Delft shall declare this to the Council, and that the English cannot, therefore, admit the Scots to the benefit of the inclusion until the Emperor has negociated a peace with them; and when the Scottish ambassadors arrive he must insist on being informed from day to day of what is done. Will send instructions as to the conditions which she will require. The Scottish mission is meant to gain time and so prevent the King from sending succour to those who are holding the castle of St. Andrews; as may be shown, confidentially, to some of the Council who favour the Emperor. Strick writes that the Scots are boasting that, having peace with the English, they want no peace with the Emperor; but Van der Delft must give out that they are only too desirous of treating, and that peace had been made ere this, had she been willing to deal with them without the English.
Many of the Emperor's subjects who own property in the Boulognais served England under the Count de Buren; and howsoever the rights of conquest affect French property the English cannot be held to have conquered the property of their allies. If the King insists that he is not bound to restore the estates but will do so as a matter of favour, Van der Delft shall accept that conclusion so warmly as to ensure the concession being absolute. If the King will only reinstate them conditionally, either during his pleasure or on their taking an oath different from what has been accustomed, the offer is not to be accepted, but referred to her. Seeing the King inclined to make the restitution, he may say that she does not make the request for subjects of France but only of these dominions. The matter is very important, and he must use the sweetest words and show no signs of annoyance. He obtained a copy of the late peace treaty between England and France and sends a transcript. He may let Paget know, in confidence, that he has a copy, and thus, in speaking of it, may gather whether this copy is true; as she believes it is, because the clause of inclusion of the Scots agrees exactly with that furnished by the English ambassador. He may assure the King that the Emperor has made no arrangement with the Pope to his prejudice, and has no intention of doing so, although there may be persons who would persuade him to do so; but the King is wise, and knows that those who make such statements wish to further their own ends by inducing him to oppose the Emperor. Protestants have even published an alleged treaty between the Pope and Emperor, quite different from the genuine treaty, with a view to obtaining money from the King. The rumoured capture of Ingolstadt seems to prove untrue. The Emperor subsequently took the field and gave the enemy something else to think of than capturing towns. Count de Buren after crossing the Rhine passed Frankfort and the Meuse (the Main?) in spite of the enemy's opposition, and his way is now clear to join the Emperor. M. Adrien van der Burgh has been in England long enough to conclude the affairs for which he was sent; so that, if there is no appearance of an early settlement, he must return. Brussels, 14 Sept. 1546.
14 Sept.93. Scepperus to Mary of Hungary.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 322.
As soon as the estates of Zeeland are assembled here, M. de Beures and the writer will endeavour to persuade them to arm some ships against the Admiral of Scotland, hoping that the continual storm at sea will hinder the Scots' designs. Upon thorough survey of this island, M. Donas advises constructing a bulwark on the point called Blanckartshoek between Middelburg and Flushing. * * *
Veere, 14 Sept. 1546.
14 Sept.94. Patrick, Earl Bothwell.
R. O.Licence of Mary Queen of Scots, with the consent of Governor Arran, to Patrick earl Bothwell, lord Haillis, &c., Great Admiral, to send out his ship the Marye and the barks called the Thomas of Dunde, Kilgour, the Jhone of Lecht, and Jhone Davidsone bark, to make war upon her enemies,—except Flemings, Hollanders and other subjects of the Emperor's Low Countries adjacent to Flanders, whether having safeconduct from the Queen of Wngrye or not, pending the present communications for renewal of the old alliance. Sanctandros, 14 Sept. 4 Mary.
Copy, p. 1.
15 Sept.95. Council in London to Council with the King.
R. O.Divers merchants of London trading with Spain signify this morning that, having freighted certain ships and hired the Bark Ager to be their admiral, double manned for their defence against the Scots, and appointed all to go in one conserve, they have been ready in the Downes this fourteen days, but the Bark Ager is stayed by command of my Lord Admiral; and that "the disappointment of their journey by this mean should be their great hindrance and to some an utter undoing." Thinking my Lord Admiral to be at Court, have told the merchants to repair to you. Westm., 15 Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
In Gardiner's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
15 Sept.96. Council in London to Council with the King.
R. O.Have received your sundry packets, in the one letters of Mr. Vaughan, Chambrelen, Damesell, Mr. Walloppe and for payment of barges; in the other a device for victualling Bollen and the other forts, with letters from Vaughan, Mr. Petre, Mr. Kerne and Rede, from lord Cobham and two from Venise. We answer Mr. Vaughan (copy enclosed), as you require, with the account herewith, whereby, appears "that he much travaileth himself and us without cause." Having but a small portion of angels, by pressing the strangers to receive them he brings them "into suspicion lest the standard of them were yet further abased here"; for the strangers have been content to receive some, and will probably receive more "if they be not noised to be paid in great quantities together." Return all the letters, together with the device for victualling Bolen, wherein the devices to preserve the King from loss are good, if the Deputy and Council and others appointed by these orders do their duty. The liability is a great burden for any one man unless the article giving him liberty to exchange be understood as allowing him to utter outside the King's dominions victuals which are likely to perish if left at Boulogne. As you have written a special letter to the Council at York to proceed in the examinations of my lord of Cumberland's matters, it will not be to their reputation, upon a bare complaint, to call it out of their hands; but, "in consideration of the parties to be written unto from us," they should signify hither what they find, before determining.
Have taken order to pay coats and conduct to such as come to them. Enclose declaration of the treasurers as presented on Sunday. Discharged them on Monday for the payments for the "Banket howses" and to Tymbennan and Skettes for corn. "The letters sent to us from my lord Admiral we returned unto you with such letters as we sent upon Monday," (fn. 5) —mentioning them specially in our letters, "for they seemed unto us a great special matter, and such as we thought ye had answered incontinently upon the receipt, as the importance thereof did require." We send a note of the money defrayed and put in order since our coming to London. Westm., 15 Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 5. Add. Endd.: 1546.
15 Sept.97. Council in London to Vaughan.
R. O.We have seen your sundry letters and accounts; and sorry we be that either you should be so troubled or our merchants mistrusted before they give cause, and so discouraged to meddle in like matter again. Your accounts vary, apparently by your mistaking some of the merchants' letters, 5,000l. from the advertisement sent you from the Council; and, besides, you seem to reckon as though you should pay even now the 6,000l. prolonged for three months by Bart. Compaine, which is already ordered to be paid here when the time comes, out of your account. We enclose a note of the whole debt, showing that you have enough, as we take it, to pay principal, provision, and agreement for valued gold which should be paid to Bonvix and that sort. "But if you should percase want one thousand pounds, two or three, by slackness of payment of the sums not yet due or by the refusal of angels, if for the saving of all things upright you do take so much up by exchange to be upon the sight repaid here, it shall be discharged"; but pray charge us with no more than necessary. Where you write much of the refusal of our angels, saying in one part of your letter that they will have none of them and in another that they take them, we wish you made not so much bruit thereof, when the whole sum you had of them is nothing, and, by your own letters, you have not past 1,000l. of them. The great speaking thereof might give occasion to mistrust "lest we devised by some new angels made for the nones to deceive them, and so indeed put them in fear without cause." Doubtless, before your departure you will so quiet this matter that the strangers may be satisfied "and our merchants which have served well no more touched in their credit than needeth." Westm., 15 Sept. 1546.
Copy, pp. 2. Endd.: "Copie of the Counsailles l'res at London to Mr. Vaughan xvo Septembr. 1546; with a note of the debts in Flanders."
R. O.2. [Note enclosed in the above].
Debts to the Foulker 152,280l. Fl., the Bonvix 9,000l. Fl., the Vivalde 6,000l. Fl., Bart. Compain 6,000l. F., Bart. Fortune 6,000l. Fl.; total 179,280l. Fl.
Towards which:—The Foulker has prolonged 60,000l. Fl. Erasmus Sketz discharges 20,000l. Fl. Bart. Company here discharged 6,000l. Fl. Made over by the merchants strangers 40,000l., "which will make by the declaration" 46,600l. Fl. Made over by our merchants 40,000l, "which will make by their declaration" 48,400l. Fl. In Damsell's hands 1,200l. "In Mr. Vaughan's, own hands received of Dymok, etc," 1,000l. Fl. Total 183,200l. Fl., (sic) "Et sic in superplusag' towards provision, etc., 3,920l. Fl.
P. 1.
15 Sept.98. Selve to M. de l'Aubespine.
Corresp.,
No. 30.
This courier, Guillaume, has made a previous journey to Du Bies and the present journey at his own expence, the writer giving him only 15 cr. London, 15 Sept. 1546, in the morning.
Fr.
15 Sept.99. Henry VIII. to———
R. O.Letters missive for credence and obedience to be given to the Earl of Hertford, as the King's lieutenant general on that side, by virtue of a commission not yet revoked, who now returns thither for a time for the doing of sundry affairs. Guldforde, 15 Sept. 38 Henry VIII.
Draft, p. 1. Headed: By the King. Endd.: Mynute of the King's Mates letter of credence, &c.
15 Sept.100. Boulogne.
R. O.A device for the victualling of Boulogne, giving first, in seven articles, the course to be observed in the purchase and despatch of victuals from England, and then, in thirteen articles under the heading "Bolloigne," the method of keeping and distribution there. Written in the first person by the original author and corrected by Paget so as to run as from the King in the first person.
Pp. 6. Endd.: The Kinges Mates advise for the furniture of his Highness pieces on th'other side the see, xvo Sept. 1546.
15 Sept.101. Lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O.Our neighbours have so employed their travail that their work about the top of Paulet Hill is defensible and they have begun their mole at Portet under the said hill for the harbouring of their ships, which may prove noyfull to this haven. Bulloignye, 15 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
15 Sept.102. Lord Grey to Paget.
R. O.Has received a letter (copy enclosed) from Mr. Vicechamberlain; and as some of those of the Guard mentioned therein have been discharged hence in my lord of Surrey's time, and some since the establishment of this garrison for "their very evil demeanour," Mr. Vicechamberlain seems not to have been thoroughly advertised thereof. Begs Paget to confer with him therein and to remember that if Grey may not place and displace as he sees cause the soldier will not use due obedience to his captain. Doubtless Mr. Vicechamberlain will consider what appertains to Grey's office here, and that the King ought not to be charged with the wages of any man who has been absent from service here for 10 or 12 months, without special warrant; and, as for those dismissed of late, Grey has commandment to place the most honest men "to be of ordinary here" and has done so.
Petro Juan de Sciana, an Italian who served under Mr. Knevet in Scotland has desired allowance for his service there, which I cannot grant. He has been allowed for his service here, as appears by the schedule enclosed. Please take order with him according to the request he will make to you. Bulloignye, 15 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546. With a copie of Mr. Vicechambrelaynes l're to the saide lorde.
R. O.2. [Sir Anthony Wingfield] to Lord [Grey].
"Right honorable, may it please your Lordship to be adver tised that whereas John Kellarn, Thomas Moyse, John Garlond, Robert Bovicom, Richard Seland and William Hotte were discharged the 28th of October, for that they fell sick and not able to serve, and commanded to return again as soon as they recovered," the King's pleasure is that you see them paid arrears due to them. The King, being advertised that men whom he placed there himself are put out, and others sworn in their "romthes," is not pleased, saying he thinketh that no man can swear any man in that romthe without his commandment; whereof his Grace willed me to advertise you." In future if any "romthe" fall void you are to advertise me that it may be furnished with such as his Grace thinks meet. Otlande. 6 Sept.
Copy, p. 1
15 Sept.103. Privy Council of Scotland.
Register, 41.Meeting at St. Andrews, 15 Sept. Attendance not entered. Business:—Action taken upon the claim of Robert Stewart, brother germane to Matthew, sometime earl of Levinnox, to the provostry of Dumbarton.
15 Sept.104. Mary Queen of Scots to Paul III.
Teiner, 620.When George, a Benedictine, (fn. 6) commendatory of Dunfermling, and James Leich long contended in the Roman Rota about Strabrok rectory, and Leich saw an absolutoria given in favour of George, he ceded the rest of his right to one David Bonar; and the Rota adjudicated Strabrok to Bonar, who alleged simony against George in the matter of the fruits of Inchbriok, a parish [church] which he lawfully possessed but which Matthew Stewart claimed by Apostolic provision, because, having accepted a canonry in Glasgow, he conferred Moffet upon the said George. Explains that the matter was a lawful transaction; and, as she cannot bear that so base a charge as simony should be brought against one who has proved his honesty in her service, she begs the Pope to order a re-examination of the case. Given at Stirling, and subscribed by Arran at the siege of St. Andrews, 17 kal. Octobris 1546.
Lat.
15 Sept.105. Pole to Cardinals de Monte and Cervini.
Poli Epp.
iv. 198.
Although the Abbot (fn. 7) brought me little that is new beyond what he wrote to me, yet as he comes fresh from the presence of his Holiness, I send him on to Trent, that you may talk with himself. I need therefore say no more in answer to your two last letters about the prelates here than that I have done my best anew to urge them not to delay their going to Trent, and they all promise to do so as you will be informed by Pighetto. The Abp of Siena, indeed, is again too ill to undertake the journey, as you will learn by his doctor's certificate. Card. Pisani having been in doubt if the elected (gli Eletti) had a vote in the Council, I have told him I think they have, especially as the going to Trent was intimated to them with the other prelates at Venice this winter by the Pope's orders. Nevertheless the Cardinal awaits your reply before sending his two nephews thither. Padua, 15 Sept. 1546.
Italian.
Poli Epp.
iv. 199.
106. Cardinals de Monte and Cervini to Pole.
Thank him for his courtesy in sending hither his Abbot (fn. 7) on his return from Rome. Have heard many things from him which help to throw light on their business, and he, on the other hand, returns fully informed of all they know as yet. Sorry Pole is not yet recovered from his illness.
Italian.

Footnotes

1 Nativity of our Lady, Sept. 8th.
2 Sept. 9th.
3 Of Bromfled and Yale.
4 Altieri
5 Sept. 12.
6 George Durie.
7 Parpaglia.