Journal, October 1719
October 1. Present:—Mr. Chetwynd, Sir Charles Cooke, Mr.
Docminique, Mr. Pelham, Mr. Pulteney.
Letter to Mr. Wych.
Hamburg, British Woollen manufactures.
A letter to Mr. Wiche, His Majesty's Resident at Hamburgh,
relating to the British woollen manufactures, entered at the Custom
House at Staad, as likewise those entered by the Dutch, was agreed
Letter to Mr. Tigh, Elsinore, Woollen manufactures.
The draught of a letter from the Secretary of this Board to Mr.
Tigh, His Majesty's Consul at Elsinore, for an account of what
woollen manufactures have been, particularly of late, set up in
Denmark, was likewise agreed and ordered to be sent.
The draught of a representation upon the letter from Mr. Weir,
mentioned in the Minutes of the 16th and 23rd of the last month,
relating to the designs of the French to settle the Island of St.
Lucia, was agreed and ordered to be transcribed.
October 2. Present:—Mr. Chetwynd, Sir Charles Cooke, Mr.
Docminique, Mr. Pulteney.
Letter from Mr. Carkesse.
A letter from Mr. Carkesse, Secry. of the Commissioners of the
Customs, to the Secretary of this Board, dated yesterday, in answer
to the letter writ him the 30th of the last month, relating to the
woollen manufactures in New England &c., and to cotton imported
there, was read.
A representation, as agreed at the last meeting, upon the letter
from Mr. Weir, relating to the designs of the French to settle St.
Lucia, and His Majesty's title to that Island, was signed.
October 7. Present:—Mr. Chetwynd, Sir Charles Cooke, Mr.
Letter from Mr. Delafaye, Petition and Papers, Company of Weavers against Foreign wrought Silks and Calicoes.
A letter from Mr. Delafaye, of the 1st instant, referring to the
Board, by order of their excellencies the Lords Justices, a Petition
and other papers from the Company of Weavers, relating to the
prejudice their trade receives by foreign wrought silks and calicoes,
was read, together with the Petition and papers.
Mr. Lekeux summoned.
Whereupon ordered that Mr. Peter Lekeux be acquainted that
their Lordships desire to speak with him between ten and eleven
of the clock to-morrow morning.
Letter to Mr. Bladen, French Edicts, Silk manufactures.
Further ordered that the Secry. write to Mr. Bladen at Paris, to
desire he will endeavour to procure and furnish the Board with the
several Edicts published in France, referred to in the state of the
silk and silk and worsted manufactures, annexed to the said Petition,
relating to East India wrought silks and calicoes.
William Clarke deceased.
Memorial of Mr. Richardson against it,
to Mr. West.
An Act passed in Pennsylvania in 1718, for vesting the house and
lot of ground in Philadelphia, formerly the Estate of William Clarke,
deceased, in trustees, to be sold for payment of his debts, &c. being
laid before the Board. A memorial and petition of Zachariah
Richardson, against confirming the said Act, were read. Whereupon
ordered that the said Act and copy of the Petition abovementioned
be sent to Mr. West, for his opinion in point of law.
October 8. Present:—Mr. Chetwynd, Sir Charles Cooke, Mr.
Mr. Lekeux, Weavers' petition.
London and Canterbury.
Mr Peter Lekeux coming to the Board, as desired, their Lordships
had some discourse with him on the subject of the weavers' petition,
mentioned in yesterday's Minutes, and he, being asked several
questions on the allegations of the said petition, said, that if their
Lordps. would be pleased to consult some of the Turkey Company
and the Italian merchants who import thrown silk, of which latter
he named Mr. Wright, Mr. Short, Mr. David Martin, and Mr. Loom;
the mercers of London, of whom he named Mr. Badcock, and Mr.
Feary on Ludgate Hill; and of the weavers in Spittle Fields, who are
chiefly concerned in worsted and woollen goods, he mentioned Mr.
Thomas Eader and Mr. Tidmarsh, he did not doubt but they would
fully make out the allegations of the said petition. Mr. Lekeux,
being asked where the weavers are chiefly established, he said
the weavers of stuffs and silks are chiefly established at London,
Canterbury, Norwich and Colchester, at the two former of which
places their imployment is most in silks, at Norwich in silk and
worsted, and at Colchester all in worsted. That as to the number
of weavers in Spittlefields and other parts about London, it was
uncertain, but that in his remembrance, he believed they have
increased from one to twenty, and he produced to their Lordsps.
an account of the number of apprentices bound at Weaver's Hall
for ten years which is as follows, viz.:
Apprentices bound at Weavers Hall.
And Mr. Lekeux further observed that since so many of the
weavers had been without imployment this last summer, His
Majesty's Duty of Excise on beer and ale had been very much
Mr. Lekeux further said, in answer to their Lordships' inquiries,
that silks of our own manufacture are so much fallen in price, that
he sold some lately at 10 per cent loss, though the workmen's wages
is lessened from what it was formerly. And that they imploy
some looms at present in expectation of a trade, and not by reason
of any demands at the shops and warehouses, those being already
full of these goods. That few of our wrought silks, &c. are sent
abroad to foreign parts, there being the discouragement of a duty,
though but a penny per £, upon the exportation of them, whilst
calicoes have the advantage of a drawback, not only of the Custom
on white calicoes, but likewise of the duty on painting or staining,
if the same be painted or stained. That the number of persons
imployed in the painting and staining of calicoes, which brings so
great prejudice to the silk and wollen manufactures, might be
about 5 or 600, of whom he named Mr. Mauvillon at Martin Abby
in Surrey, as one of the principal.
Their Lordsps. then desired Mr. Lekeux would endeavour to
procure them an account of the quantities of manufactures made in
Of raw silk thrown here.
Of Italian thrown silk.
Of the former two sorts of silks mixed together.
Of silk and worsted mixed.
Their several sorts, lengths, breadths, weight, value and several
uses, which he promised to endeavour accordingly.
Mr. Lekeux being withdrawn, ordered that the Secretary write
to him to be informed by letter who are the proper persons to be
writ to or spoke with that are concerned in the Aulnage, as likewise
who are the proper persons to be writ to at Canterbury and Norwich
in relation to the petition of the weavers abovementioned.
Ordered likewise that letters be writ to Mr. Shewell, of the Company of Weavers, Sir Gerard Conyers of the Turkey Company,
Mr. David Martin, Mr. Badcock and Mr. Feary, Mercers on Ludgate
Hill, and to Mr. Eader and Mr. Tidmash, who are concerned in
the weaving of worsted and woollen manufactures here, to acquaint
them, as the same shall severally respect them, that this Board desire
to speak with them, at ten of the clock on Wednesday morning
next, and with any others of the said Companies or persons concerned
in the importation of thrown silk or mercers trade, and to desire
they will then bring in writing what they have respectively to offer
on the subject of the said petition.
Letter to Mr. Carkesse.
Duties, Dyeing goods.
Further ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Carkesse, to desire
he will move the Commissrs. of His Majesty's Customs that this
Board may have an account, as soon as conveniently may be, of
the amount of the duties on the importation of dying goods for three
years ending at Christmas, 1718, or, (if that account be not made up
so far), for three years to Christmas, 1717, as also an account of the
amount of the drawbacks upon the same goods for the same time.
Letters from Commissioners of the Navy.
Bridger's letters, Woods.
A letter from the Commissrs. of the Navy, dated yesterday, in
answer to one from the Secry. of this Board to Mr. Ackworth, of
the 23rd of the last month, upon Mr. Bridger's letters, relating to
His Majesty's Woods in America, was read.
Letter to Mr. Lowther.
The draught of a letter from the Secry. to Mr. Lowther, Governor
of Barbadoes, was agreed and ordered to be sent.
Letter from Brigadier Hunter.
A letter from Brigadier Hunter, Governor of New York, dated at
Hamoore near Plymouth, the 4th of October, 1719, was read, and the
Minutes of Assembly of New York from the 28th of April to
the 25th of June, 1719,
therein referred to, were laid before the Board.
October 14. Present:—Sir Charles Cooke, Mr. Docminique.
Mercers memorial on Weavers' petition.
Mr. Badcock and Mr. Feary attending, as desired, on the Weavers'
Petition, they presented to their Lordsps. a memorial signed by
themselves and several other mercers of London, relating to the
decay of our manufactures in silk and silk and worsted &c., which
memorial was read. And several questions being asked Mr. Badcock thereupon, he said, that the great quantities of East India
goods of various sorts, clandestinely and otherways imported, was
of the greatest prejudice to our manufactures and much more than
the running of Dutch and French goods, which interfere with ours
only in some particular species, though he said this latter was a
very great evil too. That presently, after passing the Act of Parliament for the prohibition of several East India goods, we had a
great trade for fine worsted stuffs, which is now gone off, and in
his opinion as many East India goods are used as before the prohibition. That there is a defect in the said Act, in as much as there
is no other penalty on the person in whose custody the prohibited
goods are found, than the forfeiture of them, unless it can be proved
they offered them to sale. That if there were a penalty on the
wearers, to be repaid them by the sellers, the use of prohibited
goods might be in great measure prevented. That as to the number
they offered them to sale. That if there were penalty on the
of persons wearing calicoes, which are used in lieu of our silks and
stuffs, they computed a million of women and children were cloathed
Mr. Lekeux and Italian Merchants.
Mr. Badcock and Mr. Feary being withdrawn, and Mr. Lekeux
attending with several merchants, importers of thrown silk from
Italy, viz. Mr. Samuel Short, Mr. James Molinier, Mr. Richard Frome,
Mr. Thomas Lombe, Mr. Edmund Trott, Mr. Benj. Collyer and Mr.
Richard Turner, Junr. the said merchants presented to their Lordships a representation signed by themselves and others on occasion
of the said petition of the weavers, relating to the prejudice they
receive by the wear of calicoes and other India goods, which representation was read, and these gentlemen acquainted the Board,
that of late they import less quantities of raw silk than formerly,
and for the two last years not half the usual quantity, and that the
price of thrown silk lessens.
The merchants abovementioned being withdrawn, several of
the Company of Weavers, attending, were called in, and they, desiring
further time till Thursday next to prepare and bring what they had
to offer in writing concerning the decay of their trade, their
Lordsps. appointed that day for their attendance again, and in the
meantime the said weavers laid before the Board several patterns
of their work, with the prices thereof.
October 15. Present:—Sir Charles Cooke, Mr. Pulteney.
Letter from Mr. Delafaye.
Mr. Fleetwood, Consul.
A letter from Mr. Delafaye, of the 13th inst., referring to the
Board by order of their excellencies the Lords Justices, the extract
of a letter from Mr. Fleetwood, His Majesty's Consul at Naples,
with the copy of a grant to the Dutch Consul there, of certain
privileges equally claimed by the British Consul. As also a memorial
from Mr. Paul L'Escot, relating to Carolina, was read, together with
the said extract and memorial. Whereupon ordered that the
several papers formerly received, relating to the trade of Naples
and Sicily, be looked out, to be laid before the Board.
Two letters from Consul Fleetwood, Representation.
Two letters from Mr. Fleetwood, His Majesty's Consul at Naples,
dated the 22nd of the last month, with a representation relating
to the British trade in that kingdom, were read, together with the
October 21. Present:—Mr. Chetwynd, Sir Charles Cooke,
Letters and papers from Mr. Lowther.
A letter from Mr. Lowther, Govr. of Barbadoes, dated 7th of
August, 1719, was read, and the papers therein referred to were
laid before the Board, viz.
Letter of thanks of the Council and Assembly of Barbadoes
to the Board, for their report upon the petition for erecting
an Ecclesiastical Court.
Proceedings of the Court of Grand Sessions of Barbadoes in
June, 1714, and
Copy of the resolutions of the Council and Genl. Assembly
and of other papers relating to Parson Gordon's erecting an
Ecclesiastical Court in Barbadoes.
And Mr. Lillington, lately arrived from Barbadoes, and to whom
Mr. Lowther refers to in his said letter, for an account of the
transactions of the French at the Island of St. Lucia, attending,
their Lordships inquired of him what he knew relating thereto,
whereupon he said, that it was the general report in Barbadoes, that
the French had made a Settlement on the said Island of St. Lucia
with 300 families, and had a Govr. appointed over them. That
a New York privateer, whose name was not known, touching at
the said Island for wood, water or such other necessaries, as they
used to furnish themselves with there, and meeting with some
interruption from the French, the Commander of the said privateer
landed, his men attacked the French and having nailed up their
The Board desiring Mr. Lillington to give their Lordships the best
account he could in writing of this affair, he promised to do it
Letter to Treasury, Mr. Bridger, Surveyor, Mr. Tilson's letter.
The draught of a letter to the Lords of the Treasury, upon several
letters from Mr. Bridger, late Surveyor of the Woods in America,
particularly one transmitted with Mr. Tilson's letter of the 16th,
mentioned in the Minutes of the 23rd of the last month, relating to
the duty of such an officer, and the care necessary for the preservation
of the said woods, was agreed and ordered to be transcribed.
October 22. Present:—Mr. Chetwynd, Sir Charles Cooke, Mr.
Letter from Mr. Bridger.
Certificate from Colonel Shute.
A letter from Mr. Bridger, late Surveyor of His Majesty's Woods
in America, dated 1st of the last month, was read, as likewise a
Certificate from Col. Shute, Govr. of the Massachusets Bay and
New Hampshire, relating to the said Bridger's performance of his
duty as Surveyor, and his qualifications for that imployment.
Whereupon ordered that a copy of the said Certificate be sent with
the undermentioned letter to the Lords of the Treasury.
Letter to Treasury, Mr. Bridger.
A letter to the Lords of the Treasury, upon several from the said
Mr. Bridger, relating to His Majesty's Woods &c. in America, as
agreed at the last meeting, was signed.
Mr. Lekeux, Petition.
Weavers' Company, Memorial.
Mr. Lekeux coming to the Board, and several of the Weavers'
Company, they presented to their Lordships a memorial signed by
the Bailifs, Wardens and Assistants of the said Company, in support
of the allegations of their petition, mentioned in the Minutes of
the 7th inst., relating to the prejudice their trade receives by foreign
wrought silks and calicoes, which memorial was read. Whereupon
their Lordships desired of the members of the said Company the
best account they could give, of the number of people of the said
Company imployed in the weaving trade for some years past, as
also proofs of any weavers or manufacturers in woollen and silk
going into foreign parts for want of imployment here, as suggested
in the said memorial, which they promised accordingly. And upon
inquiry of them, whether there were not other persons imployed in
weaving than those admitted and registered by the Company, they
said that upon an order in the reign of King Charles the 2nd, several
foreigners, who could prove their being bred to the trade, were admitted by the Company, as is still practised with relation to several
French refugees and others. And they owned that some small numbers were admitted as weavers by Justices of the Peace, of which
the Company had no particular account, though on the other hand
they alledged that several apprentices were bound at Weavers Hall,
who served their time to other trades. And as to the commonly
received opinion that the number of weavers was much increased
of late, they said it was a mistake, for that the weavers have been
as numerous for these four or five years past, as now. But indeed
their imployment had been lessened every year for these 3 or 4
years past. And Mr. Eader, who said he was concerned in the export
of our silk and woollen goods to Hamburgh, Holland, Germany,
Spain, &c. assured their Lordships, that he had had the value of
£7000 of those goods by him for these 12 months. And another
gentleman affirmed he had kept 100 looms imployed, but does not
now sell the work of 10. Of all which allegations their Lordsps.
desired the best proofs these gentlemen could produce, which they
promised to lay before the Board with all convenient speed. They
then shewed their Lordsps. several patterns of stuffs made to serve
in lieu of calicoes, which were left for the Board's examination.
Mr. Lekeux, Letter from Dorchester.
Running silks, calicoes.
Mr. Lekeux communicated to their Lordships a letter from Dorchester to a mercer in London, dated the 3rd inst., and part thereof
relating to the running of silks and calicoes &c. in that county,
Mr. David Martin attending, presented to the Board a memorial
on the subject of the Weavers' petition above mentioned, stating
the advantages of the woollen and silk manufactures to this kingdom, and the prejudice they receive from foreign wrought silks,
calicoes and printed linnens &c., which memorial was read. And
their Lordships having some discourse with Mr. Martyn, he was
desired to bring the best account he could of the importation of
wrought silks into this kingdom for some years before and since
the Revolution, which he promised. And being asked whether he
thought it would be a public advantage if the prohibition of East
India goods were extended to the Plantations, he said, he conceived
it would, and being desired to let their Lordships have his thoughts
in writing on that subject, he promised to do it in a few days.
Mr. Martin being withdrawn, ordered that the Secretary write
to him for the names and places of abode of some of the chief printers
of calicoes &c. in and about London.
Letter to Mr. Carkesse.
Account of ships.
Ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Carkesse, Secry. to the Commissrs. of His Majesty's Customs, to remind him of the letter from
the Secretary of this Board of the 16th of April last, desiring an
account of the ships cleared from England since Christmas, 1714.
Letter to Mr. Martyn.
Silk Imported and Re-exported.
Ordered likewise that the Secry. write to Mr. Martyn, Inspector
Genl. of the Imports and Exports, for an account of the quantities
of raw silk, thrown silk and wrought silk imported for the year 1718,
and of the quantities re-exported that year.
Letter to Linen Drapers.
Ordered that the Secry. write to Messrs. Atkyns and Wyndham,
Mr. Chancey and Mr. Ettick, Linnen Drapers, to acquaint them with
the forementioned Petition of the Weavers, being referred to this
Board, and to desire they will let their Lordships have in writing
what they, and any others concerned in the Linnen Trade, may have
to offer thereupon as soon as may be.
Letter to the Secretary of the East India Company.
Farther ordered that a letter be writ to Mr. Woolley, Secry. to
the East India Company, to desire they will likewise let their Lordships have in writing what they have to offer on the said Petition,
as soon as may be.