Journal, March 1730
March 3. Present:—Mr. Pelham, Mr. Bladen, Sir O. Bridgeman.
The letter to the Duke of Newcastle, inclosing the copy of a
memorial from Mr. Butler Chancey, complaining of his ship's
having been taken by the Spaniards, in her voyage between the
Bay of Honduras and Boston in New England, agreed at the last
meeting, was signed.
A representation proposing Thomas Maxwell, Esq., to be of
the Council of Barbadoes, in the room of Mr. Haggot, deceased,
agreed at the last meeting, was signed.
A representation proposing Alexander Henderson, Esq., to
be of the Council of Jamaica, in the room of Mr. Forbes, deceased,
agreed at the last meeting, was signed.
An Order of the Committee of Council referring back to the
Board the instruction prepared by them for Colonel Phillips and
Colonel Dunbar with respect to the settlement of some Irish and
Palatine families in Nova Scotia, to be altered, in relation to the
powers thereby given of granting lands, read at the last meeting,
was again considered, and some alterations being made in the
said instructions, their Lordships agreed to consider further
thereof to-morrow morning.
The letter to the Duke of Newcastle with the draughts of
warrants to the Governors of New York, Nova Scotia, Leeward
Islands and Bahamas for using the new seals, ordered to be
prepared at the last meeting, was agreed and signed.
March 6. Present:—Mr. Docminique, Mr. Bladen, Sir O.
Bridgeman, Sir T. Frankland.
Order of the House of Commons.
An Order from the House of Commons, dated yesterday,
requiring copies of this Board's reports about the African trade,
dated the 15th of March, 1711–12, and the 17th of March,
1716–7, was read; and the Secretary laying before the Board
copies of the said reports, Colonel Bladen was desired to present
them to the House accordingly.
Answer to queries.
A letter from Mr. Belcher, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay
and New Hampshire, in answer to some queries about the paper
currency in the Massachusetts Bay, was read.
A memorial from Mr. Newman, agent for New Hampshire,
relating to the boundaries between that province and the
Massachusetts Bay, was read.
Governor's Instructions considered.
The draught of instructions for Mr. Belcher, mentioned in the
Minutes of the 23rd of January last, being laid before the Board,
their Lordships made a progress in the consideration thereof.
March 10. Present:—Mr. Pelham, Mr. Bladen, Mr. Ashe,
Mr. Cary, Sir T. Frankland.
Letter from the Duke of Newcastle, with papers.
A letter from the Duke of Newcastle, dated the 6th inst., was
read, and the following papers, therein referred to, were likewise
Copy of a letter from Mr. Poyntz to His Grace the Duke of
Copie du mémoire sur I'Isle de St. Alouzie, envoyé a M. le
Comte de Broglie, par M. le Garde des Sceaux, le 2me
Copie du mémoire sur l'Isle de St. Alouzie, envoyé a M. le
Comte de Broglie, par M. le Garde des Sceaux, le. . . . . . .
And their Lordships resolved to consider further thereof tomorrow morning.
Order of the House of Commons.
An order from the House of Commons, dated the 7th inst.,
requiring a copy of the Board's report relating to the African
trade, dated the 3rd February, 1707, was read, and a copy ordered
to be made accordingly.
March 11. Present:—Mr. Docminique, Mr. Bladen, Sir O.
Bridgman, Mr. Cary, Sir T. Frankland.
Governor's Instructions agreed.
The draughts of instructions for Mr. Belcher, appointed
Governor of the Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire, mentioned in the Minutes of the 6th of the last month, were agreed
and ordered to be transcribed.
Produce of whales.
The Secretary acquainting the Board that he had received, from
the Duke of Newcastle's office, instructions under His Majesty's
Signet and Privy Seal to the several Governors of New York,
New Jersey, Virginia, Nova Scotia, Jamaica, Barbadoes, Bermuda
and Bahamas, to prevent their appropriating to their own use
the produce of whales, under the pretence of their being royal
fish; a letter to the several Governors therewith was agreed and
ordered to be sent.
Their Lordships then took again into consideration the letter
from the Duke of Newcastle, read yesterday, in relation to the
King's title to Santa Lucia, St. Vincent's, Dominica and Santa
Cruz, and made a progress therein.
March 12. Present:—Mr. Pelham, Mr. Bladen, Mr. Ashe,
Sir O. Bridgeman, Mr. Cary, Sir T. Frankland.
Mr. Hintz, recommended to the Treasury.
The late Mr. Hintz's son attending, presented to the Board a
memorial from Colonel Williamson of the Tower, recommending
him as honest and well affected to the present government,
which was read; and Mr. Hintz being asked whether he could and
was willing to undertake the transporting of certain Palatine
families into Nova Scotia, as proposed by his father; he said,
that he had formerly been employed by his father in settling the
Palatines in Ireland, from whence his father had sent for him
over to assist him in transporting those, who were to go to Nova
Scotia: that he knew very well what steps his father had already
taken in this affair, and was willing to undertake the completing
of it; whereupon their Lordships gave directions for preparing
a letter to Mr. Scrope, to recommend him to the Lords of the
Mr. Dinwiddie recommended to be a counsellor.
A letter from Colonel Hope, recommending Mr. Dinwiddie
to be of the Council of Bermuda, in the room of Captain Tucker,
deceased, was read; and the draught of a representation ordered
to recommend the said Dinwiddie accordingly.
A memorial of several merchants trading to America, praying
that the Act of the 6th of Queen Anne, relating to the rates of
foreign coins in America, may be strictly put in execution and
paper currency abolished;
Additional instructions proposed for a Governor of South
The merchants' answer to queries about a paper currency;
The merchants' proposal for creating a paper currency in
South Carolina, and
Answer to queries.
Colonel Johnson's answer to queries, in relation to the paper
currency, were severally read.
Ordered that Mr. Horace Walpole be acquainted that the
Board desires his assistance here to-morrow morning, in relation
to the paper currency of this province.
Ordered that Colonel Johnson be desired to attend at the same
March 13. Present:—Mr. H. Walpole, Mr. Docminique, Mr.
Pelham, Mr. Bladen, Mr. Ashe, Sir O. Bridgeman, Mr. Cary,
Sir T. Frankland.
Colonel Johnson attending, as he had been desired, their
Lordships took again into consideration the memorial from the
merchants trading to South Carolina, read the 4th of last month,
proposing a paper currency, the South Carolina papers read
yesterday, and the undermentioned, which were this day read,
Charts of the sea coasts.
A letter from Mr. Thomas Lowndes, dated the 8th of December,
1729, proposing that charts of the sea coasts and bays of His
Majesty's dominions should be made, and that North Carolina
should be made a district of Virginia.
A letter from him to the Secretary, dated the 23rd of December,
1729, signifying the names of the Patent Officers in South Carolina;
A memorial from him, with letters enclosed, about settling
Palatines in South Carolina;
A letter from Mr. Missing, about peopling South Carolina;
A state of the paper currency of South Carolina and a proposal
in relation to the same;
A proposal for better improving and settling South Carolina;
And their Lordships resolved to consider further thereof on
Mr. Hintz, recommended to the Treasury.
The letter, directed yesterday to be prepared, to Mr. Scrope,
for recommending Mr. Hintz to the Treasury, was agreed and
ordered to be sent.
Inconveniences in the trade.
An Order of the Committee of Council, dated the 12th inst.,
referring to the Board the copy of a letter directed to the Lord
Townsend, relating to some inconveniences our trade to Africa
at present labours under, was read; whereupon ordered that Mr.
Tinker be desired to attend the Board upon this subject on
Tuesday morning, and Mr. Morice, Mr. Hayes and Captain
Bonham on Wednesday next.
March 17. Present:—Earl of Westmorland, Mr. Docminique,
Mr. Pelham, Mr. Bladen, Mr. Ashe. Sir O. Bridgeman, Mr.
Cary, Sir T. Frankland.
His Majesty's title.
Colonel Hart to attend.
The Secretary, observing to the Board that upon examining
the papers in this office, in order to state His Majesty's title
to Santa Cruz, pursuant to the Duke of Newcastle's letter read
the 11th inst., he had found that Colonel Hart in his letter of the
10th July last, and read the same day, says the French King
had given directions for removing the inhabitants from this
Island to strengthen his settlements at St. Domingo in 1671, and
that General Hamilton had related the same fact to have happened
in 1691; ordered that a letter be writ to Colonel Hart to desire
he will reconsider his said letter with respect to this fact, and let
the Board have his answer thereto.
Mr. Tinker attends.
Mr. Tinker attending, as he had been desired, their Lordships
took again into consideration the Order of the Committee of
Council, referring to the Board the letter to the Lord Townsend,
relating to the African trade, read at the last meeting, and desiring
Mr. Tinker would inform the Board what goods were commonly
exported to the Coast of Africa, and from whence they were
bought: he acquainted the Board, that most ships trading
to Africa, took in great part of their loading at Holland: that all
the woollen manufactures carried to Africa were exported from
hence, as were likewise guns, but that gunpowder, knives with
lignum vitae handles, black hussar knives, almost all the India
goods, beads, tobacco pipes, old sheeting, blue paper, Silesia,
spirits and cowries were taken in, in Holland: that indeed
these sorts of loading were hazardous, because he had known
several English ships seized by the Dutch Governors on the coast
of Africa as Dutch interlopers for having these Dutch commodities
Their Lordships, after some further discourse with Mr. Tinker
upon this subject, desired him to let the Board have a further
account of this matter in writing on Tuesday morning next,
which he promised accordingly.
Mr. Dinwiddie, Counsellor.
The representation, ordered to be prepared the 12th inst., for
recommending Robert Dinwiddie, Esq., to be of the Council of
Bermuda, in the room of Captain Daniel Tucker, was agreed and
The draught of instructions for His Majesty's Governors in
America, ordered to be prepared the 17th of the last month, for
enforcing the Bishop of London's commission to exercise
ecclestiastical jurisdiction in the plantations being agreed, a
representation thereupon, and a letter, for enclosing the same to
the Duke of Newcastle, was agreed and signed.
March 18. Present:—Earl of Westmorland, Mr. Docminique,
Mr. Bladen, Sir O. Bridgeman, Mr. Cary, Sir T. Frankland.
Mr. Morice, Captain Bonham and Mr. Hayes attending, as they
had been desired, their Lordships took again into consideration
the Order of the Committee of Council, relating to the inconveniences the trade to Africa labours under, mentioned in yesterday's
Minutes, and desired these gentlemen would inform the Board,
whether they did not take in part of their loading from Holland,
and if so, what was the reason, why those goods taken in, in
Holland, might not be had in this Kingdom; to which Mr. Morice
said, that, except gunpowder and spirits, they did not go to
Holland for any part of their loading; that the duty of 4s.
8d. per cwt. on salt petre and 5s. 4d. on brimstone, was the
occasion of gunpowder being about one third dearer in this
kingdom than in Holland: that the price of gunpowder in
Holland is about £2 2s., but here it it is sold for about £3 15s.
per cwt.: that the East India Company being obliged to furnish
the government with 300 tun of salt petre each year, if demanded,
they were obliged to keep that quantity ready, and consequently
raised the price thereof, as it occasioned a scarcity. As to spirits,
he said, the reason of their being cheaper in Holland than in this
kingdom, was the bounty given upon the exportation of corn,
which, he said, paid the freight to Holland, and the excise paid
here, which was 8s. or 10s. per gallon; being asked particularly
as to the following goods used in the African trade, he said,
that blue paper, Silesias and other German linen being exported
from Hamburgh, it was cheaper here than in Holland, the Dutch
having it by land carriage: that old sheets were cheaper in
Holland: that arms were better and cheaper here than in
Holland: that iron and beads were cheaper in Holland, and
that cowries were cheaper here. Mr. Morice said further that,
in a ship of 7 or £8000 value they did not take from Holland
in their manufactures above £1000, and of that only such as were
cheaper there than here; being asked whether any foreigners
were concerned in the African trade from this kingdom, he said,
that every ship was obliged to be registered, and to take out a
Mediterranean pass, upon both which occasions an oath is required
and taken, that no foreigner is owner or concerned in this said
ship. Their Lordships then asked Mr. Morice, whether the
Dutch factories upon the coast of Africa had not sometimes
seized English vessels for having Dutch goods on board, to
which he answered, that so far from it, our vessels, taking part of
their loading in Holland, always received passes from the Dutch
West India Company. These gentlemen being withdrawn, their
Lordships resolved to consider further of this matter on Tuesday
An Order in Council of the 21st of February last, approving
a representation of this Board of the 3rd of the same month, and
directing a public seal to be prepared for North Carolina, was
read; and their Lordships gave directions that Mr. Rolles, His
Majesty's engraver, should prepare a draught thereof.
A patent for two baronies.
Sent to Mr. Attorney and Solicitor General.
The Secretary then laid before the Board the copy of Sir
Nathaniel Johnson's patent for two baronies, and the dignity of
a Cassique in South Carolina, which he had received from Colonel
Johnson, appointed Governor of that province; and their
Lordships, taking the same into consideration, gave directions
that a copy thereof should be sent to Mr. Attorney and Mr.
Solicitor General, for their opinion in point of law, whether
such old grants of large tracts of land, to be taken up in any part
of the province, and without limitation of time, were valid, if
not yet put in execution.
Colonel Johnson's proposals for better improving and settling
South Carolina, with reasons against reserving a quit rent of one
penny per acre, were read, as also
The representation of Captain Burrington, with his reasons
against advancing the quit rents in North Carolina.
North and South Carolina.
Ordered that copies of so much of the said papers, as relate to
quit rents, be given to Mr. Walpole, auditor of the Plantations.
March 19. Present:—Earl of Westmorland, Mr. Bladen, Mr.
Ashe, Sir O. Bridgman, Mr. Cary, Sir T. Frankland.
Colonel Hart attending, acquainted the Board, in answer to the
Secretary's letter to him of the 17th inst., relating to the time
that the French retired from Santa Cruz to strengthen their
settlements at St. Domingo, that, according to the information
he had received in the Leeward Islands, it was in the year 1671.
Colonel Hart being withdrawn, ordered that a letter be wrote
to Mr. Gerrish to desire he will inform the Board what he knows
concerning this fact.
Methods, raising and issuing money.
Representation, Instructions, agreed.
The copy of an Order in Council, dated the 2nd of December
last, approving the draught of an additional Instruction to the
Governor of the Massachusetts Bay; prescribing the methods
hereafter to be observed in the raising and issuing of money, and
requiring the Governors not to take or demand any fees on
shipping, but what are legal and have been customary, was read.
The draught of a representation, upon the draughts of general
instructions, and of those which relate to trade, for Mr. Belcher,
Governor of the Massachusetts Bay and of New Hampshire,
agreed the 11th inst., was agreed and ordered to be transcribed.
March 19. Present:—Earl of Westmorland, Mr. Bladen,
Sir O. Bridgeman, Mr. Cary, Sir T. Frankland.
An Order from the House of Lords, dated the 19th inst.,
requiring an account of the several proposals made to the Board
by the merchants, or that the Board has formed, for furnishing
this kingdom with Naval Stores from the plantations; an account
of the establishment of Governors and Governments of the
plantations, as the Board found them, when this office was first
established; the variations that have since been made therein
to this time; who are the present Governors, and when appointed?
was read, and their Lordships resolved to consider further thereof
on Tuesday morning next.
Representation, Governor's Instructions, signed.
The representation, with the draughts of instructions for Mr.
Belcher, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire,
agreed yesterday, was signed, as also
A letter, for enclosing the same to the Rt. Honble. the Lord
March 24. Present:—Earl of Westmorland, Mr. Bladen, Mr.
Ashe, Mr. Cary, Sir T. Frankland.
Representation, King's right.
Their Lordships, taking again into consideration the letter from
the Duke of Newcastle, with several papers, relating to His
Majesty's right to Santa Lucia, St. Vincent's, Dominica and Santa
Cruz, read the 10th inst., gave directions for preparing the draught
of a representation thereupon.
Instructions, setting out lands,
The draughts of Instructions for Colonel Phillips, Governor of
Nova Scotia, and for Colonel Dunbar, Surveyor General of the
Woods, in relation to the setting out lands for the Irish families
and Palatines, who are willing to settle there, mentioned in the
Minutes of the 3rd inst., were agreed, and the draught of a report
thereupon to the Committee, was ordered to be prepared.
The draught of a report, with the draught of a new seal for
North Carolina, directed to be prepared the 18th of inst., was
agreed and ordered to be transcribed.
Colonel Bladen then acquainted the Board, that Mr. Tinker,
who was to have attended this day, desired some further time,
to complete what he was to lay before the Board, in relation to
the African trade.
Duties on negroes.
Sir William Chapman, Mr. Godin, and Mr. Jeffries attending,
presented to the Board a petition in behalf of the merchants of
London and Bristol, desiring the duties imposed on the importation
of negroes in South Carolina may be taken off, which was read;
and these gentlemen were desired to attend again to-morrow
morning, with Colonel Johnson, Mr. Wragg and Mr. St. Julien.
March 25. Present:—Earl of Westmorland, Mr. Docminique,
Mr. Pelham, Mr. Bladen, Mr. Ashe.
The representation with the draught of a new seal for North
Carolina, agreed at the last meeting, was signed.
The report to the Lords of the Committee, with the draughts
of instructions for Colonel Phillips and for Colonel Dunbar,
The representation upon the Duke of Newcastle's letter,
mentioned in yesterday's Minutes, in relation to Santa Lucia,
St. Vincent's, Dominica and Santa Cruz, was signed, as also
A letter, for enclosing the same to the Duke of Newcastle.
A letter from Mr. Gerrish, in answer to one wrote to him the
19th inst., signifying his not being able to give any account
when the French abandoned Santa Cruz, was read; whereupon
ordered that a letter be wrote to Mr. Soulegre, late one of the
Council of St. Christophers, for what information he can give
the Board upon this subject.
A memorial from Mr. Purry, concerning a Swiss settlement
proposed to be made by him in South Carolina, was read, and
their Lordships resolved to consider further thereof at another
Duties on Negroes.
Colonel Johnson, Mr. Wragg and Mr. Jeffries attending, as
they had been desired, the memorial from the merchants, read
yesterday, desiring to be eased from the duties imposed in
South Carolina upon the importation of negroes, was again
considered, and a letter from Sir William Chapman was read,
excusing his attendance this day, and proposing that for the
future these duties may be paid by the buyer, whereupon, after
some discourse with these gentlemen, their Lordships agreed to
insert an article in the Governor's instructions, directing him to
endeavour to get an Act passed for repealing so much of the
former Acts, as imposes these duties upon the importer, and for
the future obliging the buyer to pay them, but the importer not
to be absolutely discharged from these duties, until he produces
a certificate that the duty is paid.