Introduction, Part 1

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Institute of Historical Research

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William A. Shaw (editor)

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1923

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9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54

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'Introduction, Part 1', Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 8: 1685-1689 (1923), pp. IX-LIV. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=82484 Date accessed: 30 August 2014.


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Introduction.

The financial history of the reign of James II reverses the verdict which in the introductions to the preceding vols. of this Calendar has been passed upon Charles II's administration. That verdict declared that Charles's policy was national, that his administration was honest, that he was starved, cheated and betrayed by his Parliament and misunderstood by his people, that he was routed by Louis XIV in a diplomatic encounter which was as unscrupulous as any in the annals of the modern world, but that spite of all he fought a clean fight, remained unflinchingly true to his country and to himself, and died a gentleman.

If history is obliged, in the case of James II, to reverse this verdict it is entirely that monarch's own fault. We find at first some difficulty in understanding why his reign should have opened under such distinctly brighter financial auspices than Charles had enjoyed. It is impossible to be explained on the ground of James's personal popularity for he never was popular. The truth can only be that after the fury of the Popish Plot was past the nation's eyes were opened, it became conscious of the fact that Louis XIV had engineered the whole episode and had profited magnificently by it and that the success of the scheme had only been rendered possible by Charles II's impoverishment at the hands of a disloyal and factious Parliament. A mere reaction from a fit of religious fury would never have led the Parliament of James II to remedy the evil at its root, the financial evil at its financial root. Such action could only have been prompted by a clear conception of how deeply the nation had been befooled, and by a stern determination that it should not be so again. The unanimity and decision of James's first, and only, Parliament would be otherwise inexplicable.

James II succeeded to the throne on the 6th Feb., 1685. His Parliament met on the 19th of May. On the 22nd, after three days spent in the formalities of swearing in, the Commons in Committee of the whole House and within a few minutes of listening to the King's speech, voted without a dissentient voice that the revenue which was settled on the late King for life be settled on his present Majesty for life. The significance of this vote may need emphasising. It is the last instance of its kind in English history. Roughly speaking, the revenue comprised under this vote consisted of the old Customs and Excise, all new impositions which would fall under either of these heads, the Hearthmoney, Post Office and a number of smaller miscellaneous hereditary and semi-feudal sources of revenue which in the accounts of the time are generally included under the heading of " small branches of the revenue."

When William III came to the throne all this revenue was granted for one year only ("resolved: that all those branches of the revenue which were due and payable by law in the reigns of King Charles II and King James II be collected to the use and service of the Crown until the 24th day of June, 1689, as by law they might have been during either of those reigns," 11 Mar., 1688–9, Commons' Journals, Vol. X, p. 46). But under James II the theory of the Constitution was still that of the Tudor monarchy. The executive, the administration of the country, was entirely in the hands of the King and the revenue which was granted him at the outset of a reign, for the maintenance of such executive, was really the King's by right, was hereditary; the grant was only a formality to betoken his entering into his own. Between the death of Charles II and the passing of the Act based on this vote of 1685, May 22 (the consequent Act for the Continuance of the Customs and Excise was pressed through with such expedition that it received the royal assent on May 30) an interval of 3½ months had elapsed, during which there was theoretically no legal justification for demanding either Customs or Excise or Hearthmoney. But James had demanded them and collected them without any opposition from the mercantile or other classes concerned (see his explanation of the situation in his interview with Barillon 18 Feb., 1685, Dalrymple, Vol. II, Appendix, p. 100, I have resolved to call a Parliament immediately. . . I shall publish at the same time a declaration that I am to maintain myself in the enjoyment of the same revenues the King my brother had. Without this Proclamation for a Parliament I should hazard too much by taking possession directly of the revenue which was established during the lifetime of my deceased brother"). Accordingly when Parliament met this act of the executive was not challenged. The matter was passed over in silence. "In the affair of money," says Sir J. Reresby (p. 324), "men seemed content to settle a handsome revenue on the King and to give money; but whether this was to be a constant revenue or only temporary to be renewed from time to time, that Parliament might be consulted the oftener, was the question." In presenting the Bill to the King on May 30 the Speaker of the House of Commons used the following extraordinary language:— " We do now come in all duty to present to your Majesty the revenue you pleased to demand at the opening of this Parliament, wherein we proceeded with as much speed as the forms of passing Bills of that nature would admit. We bring not with it any Bill for the preservation or security of our religion which is dearer to us than our lives, in that we acquiesce, entirely rely and rest wholly satisfied in your Majesty's gracious and sacred word, repeated declaration and assurance to support and defend the religion of the Church of England as it is now by law established. We present this revenue to your Majesty without the addition of any conditional, appropriating or tacking clauses etc. and we humbly beseech your Majesty to accept of it" (Lords' Journals, Vol. XIV, p. 21).

Language more abject and servile than this was never used by any of Queen Elizabeth's Parliaments.

In the whole proceedings—they are indeed slight—on this Bill in the Commons there is not a trace of the slightest attempt at calculating the revenue needs of the Government. There was no estimate formed or even asked for as to what would be the normal yield or produce of the revenue so to be granted, nor as to what was the normal expenditure of the country. The whole thing was left passively in the hands of the King.

But there was more to come.

In thanking the House of Commons for this Act, James put them in mind of the departmental debts resting upon the executive : " After so happy a beginning you may believe I would not call upon you unnecessarily for an extraordinary supply. But when I tell you that the stores of the Navy and Ordnance are extremely exhausted ; that the anticipations upon several branches of the revenue are great and burdensome ; that the debts of the King my brother to his servants and family are such as deserve compassion ; that the rebellion in Scotland without putting more weight upon it than it really deserves, must oblige me to a considerable expense extraordinary, I am sure such considerations will move you to give me an aid to provide for those things wherein the security, the ease and the happiness of my Government are so much concerned. But above all I must recommend to you the care of the Navy, the strength and glory of this nation."

By the side of the appeals which Charles II had made to his Parliaments, appeals that were pressing, manly, frank and completely justified, this appeal of James II to his first and only Parliament is tame and colourless, lacking at once in justification and in conviction. And yet it met with instant and unquestioning acquiescence. Indeed, more than that. The terms of the appeal were such that the Commons would have been perfectly justified in voting an aid calculated to raise once and all an amount of, say, 2,000,000l. to wipe out the departmental debts (including, of course, the Household debts to Charles II's servants etc.), thus making the executive solvent and giving it an unhampered start for the new reign.

Instead of adopting this course, however, the Commons actually granted the King increments of his standing revenue. In other words, they increased the " King's own," his permanent hereditary revenue. That which James I had striven in vain to attain by the Great Contract, that which Charles II had begged of his Commons, insistently, beseechingly, convincingly, but always in vain, all this was granted to James II at the first time of asking. The only limitation was that these new grants, as will be seen, were limited to the period of eight years, 1685, June24, to 1693, June 24.

The moment the Speaker had reported the King's speech to the Commons the House resolved itself into Grand Committee and after apparently a most perfunctory debate resolved to grant the King [for life] the duties on wines and vinegar which at three separate times (by the Acts of 19 and 20 Car. II, c. 6; 22 Car. II, c. 3; 30 Car. II, c. 2) had been granted to Charles II for specific restricted periods (Commons' Journals, Vol. IX, pp. 722–3, May 30). With equal precipitancy and complacency the Grand Committee on the following day resolved to grant the King [for life] additional duties on tobacco and on sugars (fn. 1) (Ibid, p. 724).

The Bill for the duties on wines and vinegars passed the Commons without opposition on June 3 (Commons' Journals, Vol. IX, p. 726), that is within three days of the original resolution. It passed the Lords on the 5th June without amendment (Lords' Journals, Vol. XIV, p. 32).

The treatment which was accorded to the companion measure, the Bill for a duty on sugars and tobacco, was equally cursory. It was rushed through the Committee stage in the Commons in a single afternoon (12 June, Commons' Journals, Vol. X, p. 734), was carried up to the Lords on the 15th June, read a first time in the Lords on that day, finally passed on the following day and on that same day, June 16, these two Bills of supply, the Wines and Vinegar Duties Act and the Sugars and Tobacco duties Act, received the royal assent.

Thus without the slightest deliberation and within three weeks of the opening of the session two important grants of supply had been made to reinforce the ordinary revenue of the Crown for a period of eight years. The little light that is thrown upon the debates by outside sources shows that the only subject of dispute arose over the proposal to tax Plantation sugar. Those members of the House who were interested in the Plantations opposed the proposal on the ground that it behoved England to foster the sugar trade in the Plantations in imitation of the French, who were then endeavouring to encourage that trade. At the same time the importers, merchants and grocers, attempted a factious opposition purely from their own trade standpoint, but they were easily dashed and put out of countenance by Sir Dudley North, then one of the Treasury Lords, to whom the scheme of this tax in particular is attributed:—
"Divers proposals were made, some for a land tax on purpose that the duty might be unpopular; some for a tax upon new buildings ; and others had their projects which they had little reason for. . . Sir Dudley North took a strict account of all the commodities in trade from the Custom House books and considered which would best bear a further imposition, for if commodities are overrated it amounts to a prohibition. At last he thought fit to propose a tax of one farthing upon sugars and an halfpenny upon tobacco imported, to lie upon the English consumption only and not upon the export, and this as he estimated would yield the sum expected and would scarce be any burthen sensible to the people. In short, this tax was approved and voted at the Committee and a Bill directed which was drawn up and brought in." (North's Life of Sir Dudley North, pp. 377–9, and Life of Lord Keeper North, p. 377; Reresby's Diary, pp. 330–1.)

The third Act of Supply which passed this Parliament was intended, in its inception, not so much as a general reinforcement of the King's revenue as for the extraordinary occasion of suppressing the rebellion of the Duke of Monmouth. But although intended ostensibly to meet so temporary and extraordinary an occasion, the form which the supply finally took was a permanent one. The first proposal for this supply was made on June 17, the day following that on which the two preceding grants had received the royal assent. At first the new proposal took the form of a projected tax on new buildings in London and Southwark (Commons' Journals, Vol. IX, p. 739). Reresby's part in the debate on this proposal is a very interesting one:—
"I spoke thrice in this debate, first in answer to the gentleman that said this was laying a tax for a public use upon one piece of a county and upon private persons; to which I replied that this one county drained all England of its people, especially the North, our tenants all coming hither, finding by experience that they could live here better in a cellar or a garret than they could live in the country on a farm of 30l. rent; that hereby this little piece of England had laid a tax in a manner upon all the rest of England and was a nuisance to all the rest and therefore it was not so improper that it should be taxed separately and the rather because it was never taxed before or but once very little. Some moved that it should be laid for one year and a half, but that I opposed, for I said there were some few foundations taxed in Oliver's time and that tax was laid but for one year in the worst of times, and therefore we ought not now to lay it for a longer period in good times. It was moved that more money might be laid upon brandies towards this supply to the King; but this I spoke against, saying it was fit this [the new buildings fund] should be computed how much it would arise to before another fund was encumbered or more money voted to be raised."

On the following day, however, June 18, James sent an urgent message to the House desiring them to provide a good fund of credit [to borrow on] for a present sum of money, to answer the immediate charge of the rebellion in the West. Without hesitation or debate the House voted that a supply not exceeding 400,000l. be given to the King. Finding that the project of a tax on new buildings would take a considerable time to work out, estimate and enact, the House turned to the more ready alternative of a tax on certain imported commodities, French linen, brandies, calicoes and wrought silks (June 20, Commons' Journals,Vol. IX, pp. 742–3). It was resolved that on the credit of the fund thus allocated the King should be empowered to raise loans to an amount not exceeding 400,000l. (June 24, ibid, p. 747). In this form the Bill passed the Commons on the 25th June and was carried up (ibid, p. 749; Lords' Journals, Vol. XIV, p. 58). The Bill passed the Lords on the following day (Lords' Journals, Vol. XIV, p. 60) and received the royal assent on June 27.

This last Act of Supply, therefore, of the Session was passed through all the stages in both Houses in five days and received the royal assent within a week. And it is to be especially noticed that this Bill, though called into existence as a temporary and extraordinary supply for the purpose of suppressing Monmouth's rebellion, had a comparatively long time limit. The grant of these duties was to be for the five years from 1685, July 1, to 1690, July 1.

To complete this hasty sketch of the financial provision made by Parliament for James II it is only necessary to add the Bill for removing the prohibition of the import of French wines and vinegar. On the 18th June, Roger North was instructed to prepare such a Bill. It passed the Commons on the 25th, and the Lords on the 26th, and received the royal assent on the 27th June (Commons' Journals, Vol. IX, pp. 740, 748; Lords' Journals, Vol. XIV, pp. 57, 60, 65).

The importance of this last Act lies in the fact that the prohibition (in the Act for the Poll of the year 1677) of the import of French goods had produced a very serious shrinkage in the Customs receipts from 1677 onwards. The loss of revenue from this source alone was very great during the remaining years of Charles's reign. For the whole of those remaining years it has been even stated at 1,000,000l. The removal of the prohibition, therefore, meant that the Customs receipts would be enabled, and actually were enabled, to go back to their high water level of the years 1675–7.

Before concluding this list of the supply granted by Parliament to James II, reference must be made to the Coinage Duty Act. By the Act of 1 James II, c. 7, the two former Acts (of 18 Car. II, c. 5, and 25 Car. II, c. 8) were revived for seven years with the purpose of providing, as those two Acts had done, for practically free coinage of gold and silver. In order to meet the cost of such free coinage, Parliament had under Charles II granted the King a new impost on certain liquors with the stipulation that the receipts should be applied to such coinage and that the accounts of such moneys should be kept separate from the general accounts of the Customs. It will be at once apparent that for all purposes of revenue and expenditure such a provision can be left out of account. Under both Charles II and James II these Coinage Duty Acts simply imposed a burden of so much on the King and found a supply of so much (the equivalent amount) to meet that burden. The grant was not therefore a grant of revenue nor was the expenditure a normal part of national expenditure.

This explanation is only necessitated by the fact that in the series of accounts below the Coinage duty will be found occupying a separate compartment or account from the General Customs account. As already said, this is due to the terms of the Act of Parliament referred to.

It almost takes one's breath away to compare such complacent, subservient, breakneck financial legislation with the treatment which for the preceding 15 years had been meted out to Charles II. Within three weeks the Parliament had voted James II a permanent hereditary income for life, which ultimately was proved to average over 1,500,000l. per an.; and over and above that it had voted three additional Acts of Supply which in their totality increased James's annual revenue by over 400,000l. per an., thus bringing his actual income to nearly 2,000,000l. per an., as against 1,200,000l. which the Restoration Parliament had promised to give to Charles II. And all this had been done without any estimate having been called for as to the national expenditure. When James II's Parliament voted him this money it had not the slightest idea what need there was for it or what use it would be put to. There was not a single clause of appropriation in any one of the Acts. No statement of departmental debts had been submitted to the House, nor any outline of proposed expenditure for the future. The House of Commons simply shut its eyes and opened its mouth.

On the 2nd July the Parliament was adjourned to Aug. 4, and on that day again to Nov. 9. Even yet the reactionary wave which had made the Commons so subservient to the King had not spent itself, and when James approached them with a request for further supply the Commons were prepared to meet him. But this time James made the mistake of being explicit, of showing his hand. Taking Monmouth's rebellion as a pretext, he told the two Houses how he had increased the standing Forces and he asked for a supply for the support of this great charge " which is now more than double what it was " (Lords' Journals, Vol. XIV, p. 73, Nov. 9), at the same time telling the Houses quite plainly that he had retained in commission divers Catholic officers who had not qualified themselves by taking the Test. On their first subsequent meeting (Nov. 13) the Commons refused to pass a vote of thanks for the King's speech. It voted supply for the King's extraordinary occasions, but would not fix the quantum nor the appropriation—the proposal to appropriate the supply to the support of the Army being lost by 250 to 125. Then by a narrow majority, 183–182, it was decided to postpone the question of supply and to devote attention to the employment of Catholic officers (Reresby, p. 344; Commons' Journals, Vol. IX, p. 757). The account of this day's debate, as sketched in Clark's Life of James II, Vol. I, pp. 51–5, reveals the astounding fact that the Commons were aware of the needlessness of their generosity —that they had given the King four millions at once, that the present income was near two millions and the charge of Government not more than 1,300,000l. On the following day (Nov. 14) the Grand Committee resolved to indemnify the [Popish] officers as to the past, but to petition the King not to maintain them in employment. But so complacent and timid was the House still that this latter item was altered to the form " that his Majesty would graciously be pleased to give such directions that no apprehensions or jealousies may remain in the hearts of his Majesty's good and faithful subjects." After drawing up an address to the King in the terms of these votes (Nov. 16) the Grand Committee of the Commons sat down to the consideration of supply. At first "200,000l. was moved to be given, then 400,000l. by the country gentlemen. The counties [by the mouth of Sir John Ernie, Chancellor of the Exchequer] insisted upon 1,200,000l. for paying the new raised Forces for five years. The House would not hear of that use for the money, lest it might prove an establishment of a standing Army; but would give it to the King to be employed as he thought fit [that is without mentioning the Forces, the service for which the money was intended: and so avoiding the semblance of giving a Parliamentary sanction to a standing Army]. At the last 700,000l. was named and granted to the King. In this debate the usefulness of a standing Army (till the rebellion or rather the ferment of it was perfectly quieted) was much insisted upon on one side; the danger of it and the inconveniences (especially considering the unruliness and insolence of soldiers, their ill example in the country and the burthen of free quarters) on the other. But all this was compromised in the declared intention of the House to make the Militia more useful, until which time it was agreed as a thing necessary that the Army ought to be kept up" (Commons Journals, Vol. IX, p. 758; Reresby, p, 346).

Accordingly on the morning of the following day, Nov. 17, the Commons went into Committee of Supply to decide on what funds to raise this sum of 700,000l. It was decided in the main to raise it by 400,000l. on East India and French linens and stuffs and brandies and that the duties already granted thereon should be prolonged for another five years from 1690, July 1, and by 300,000l. on French wines.

Having reached this point, the Houses adjourned to attend the King at Whitehall for his reply to their address. The reply was quite as injudicious and much more ungracious than the original speech, which had stirred distrust in the breast of the Commons, " I did not expect such an address from this House of Commons." James absolutely refused to recede from his position.

Still, as far as the Commons were concerned, the position was not hopelessly lost for the King. On their reassembling on the following day, Nov. 18, Mr. John Cooke of Derbyshire, a gentleman of an estate of 3,000l. per an., stood up in his place and said, " We are Englishmen and we ought not to be frighted out of our duty by a few high words." The House resented the words as an indecent reflection on the King and ordered the Serjeant at Arms to conduct Cooke to the Tower. Nay more: at the next sitting (Nov. 19) it actually returned to the question of supply, ordered the engrossing of the Bill on the lines abovesaid and with the insertion of a credit clause or borrowing power clause. Even at the last moment, therefore, the House of Commons still showed itself servile enough to vote a large supply without any explanation or justification as to its necessity, without any guarantee as to its application and in the face of a direct and deliberate affront from the King.

The Commons were, however, saved from draining the dregs of their own servility by the spirit of the Lords. On the same day, Nov. 19, on which the Commons had tamely resumed discussion of supply the Lords had taken up the consideration of the King's speech and of the employment of Popish officers. The debate was very warm and the King, who was present, as usual with him, was much concerned at the plainness of speech employed in it. The debate was adjourned until the following Monday (Nov. 23) and all the Lords in and about town were ordered to attend then under penalty. There is no doubt that the opposition was urged on by Louis XIV from a fear of the military force which James was developing and from a consequent wish to stir up domestic strife again in England. But James intervened. Rather than undergo the humiliation of a hostile vote in the Lords he preferred to sacrifice the supply of 700,000l. which was already nearly perfected for him. On the following day, Nov. 20, he prorogued the Parliament and it never sat again. By five successive prorogations it was continued until 1687, Nov. 22, and it was finally dissolved on the 2nd July, 1687 (Lords' Journals, Vol. XIV, p. 88; Dalrymple, Vol. I, p. 87).

As far as English monetary legislation or grants of supply is concerned, there is probably nowhere in our history a more ludicrous instance of complacent subservience to the Court than is revealed in the above rapid sketch of the financial dealings between James and his only Parliament. Without the King's confiding in them at all, without his submitting an estimate to them, without the slightest justification for any or for all of his demands, the Commons met his wishes, voted supply in inconsidered and precipitate haste, exacted no guarantee as to the application of the money, inserted no appropriation clause, nor ever raised the question of accountability.

Such was the price which England paid for the reaction from the Popish Plot.

Before turning to the investigation of the figures of the revenue enjoyed by James II as a result of the above detailed legislation, and before describing the uses to which he applied that revenue, it is necessary to characterise the part he played in this Parliamentary transaction. For had the Commons known the extent of his duplicity they would not have been so servile and so precipitate in their grants to him.

On Feb. 18 [=18/8], two days after his accession, he sent Rochester to Barillon to explain that he would be dependent on the French King's subsidies and that he hoped for his help in order to be independent of Parliament —help which he said would engage him still more not to depart from the road which he used to think Charles II should have kept with regard to France. Before he heard of this request Louis had already sent a present of 500,000 livres [40,640l. sterling] to James through his Ambassador Barillon. James's expressions of gratitude were unkingly in their fulsomeness. But this donation only whetted the English King's appetite. He sent (Feb. 24/14) Rochester, Sunderland and Godolphin to Barillon to represent the necessity of his, James's, affairs and how much it imported him to receive supplies in the beginning of his reign. In the interview, Rochester appears to have aimed at obtaining a promise of renewal of the subsidy of 2,000,000 livres or 1,500,000 livres which Louis XIV had promised to Charles II in the last years of his reign. Failing to obtain any satisfactory assurance, James sent Lord Churchill to Paris (Feb. 17/27) to request from Louis a present and considerable supply, and when Churchill failed, the King and his three ministers turned again upon Barillon (Mar. 10–15).

Our interest in this diplomatic wrangle lies not so much in the matter of the subsidy as in the revelation it throws upon the working of James's mind. It was represented to Barillon that a subvention from Louis was absolutely essential to enable him to meet his Parliament with firmness, and to resist the imposition of any conditions prejudicial to his authority which would undoubtedly be proposed when the House came to renew the grant of Charles II's revenue—especially any condition of time limit if there should be a disposition to grant the Customs etc. only for a year or for a certain period instead of for the King's life. Such a condition the King would resent so deeply that he would be prepared to break the Parliament and maintain himself by force in the enjoyment of the hereditary revenue; and in order to this James looked for a subsidy from Louis, and so on and so on. Thus spake James through his ministers when he addressed Barillon.

When, a week later, he met the newly elected Parliament he addressed them as follows:—" I cannot doubt that I shall fail of suitable returns from you with all imaginable duty and kindness on your part and particularly in what relates to the settling of my revenue and continuing it during my life as it was in the time of the King my brother. I might use many arguments to enforce this demand, from the benefit of trade, the support of the Navy, the necessity of the Crown and the well-being of the Government itself which I must suffer not to be precarious. But I am confident your own consideration of what is just and reasonable will suggest to you whatsoever might be enlarged upon this occasion. There is one popular argument which I foresee may be used against what I ask of you from the inclination men have for frequent Parliaments; which some may think would be the best secured by feeding me from time to time by such proportions as they shall think convenient. And this argument, it being the first time I speak to you from the throne, I will answer once for all; that this would be a very improper method to take with me and that the best way to engage me to meet you often is always to use me well. I expect, therefore, that you will comply with me in what I have desired and that you will do it speedily."

If the Commons showed no resentment of these extraordinary words, if they complied with servile alacrity in carrying out the King's wishes beyond even his expectations, it was only because they had not fathomed the depths of his duplicity and of his unfitness for rule. They did not know what he had said to Barillon.

It remains now to see what James's revenue was and what use he put it to.

In estimating his revenue we have two parallel sources of information which are set out in full in the following pages: the one source derived from the Exchequer Declarations gives in effect the net revenue: the other source, compiled by William Lowndes, gives both the gross and net revenue. There is in existence a third computation which was made for the Revolution Parliament in 1689. This latter statement (Commons' Journals, Vol. X, pp. 37–8) is as follows:—

Per an.
l.s.d.
The old Customs577, 5071210¼
Logwood, coal farm, salt farm etc.19,50000
Four and a Half per cent.12,11944
Excise610,486109
Hearthmoney, about200,00000
Post Office, about55,00000
Small branches of the revenue, about26,35015
£1,500,9643
New impositions:—
Wine and vinegar172, 90110
Tobacco and sugar148,86180
Linen and brandies93,7108
£1,916,437103

For the purposes of the above statement the yield of the new impositions is taken from the year 1687, Michaelmas, to 1688, Michaelmas; and the yield of the old Customs and Excise is the average of the four years as follows:—

l.s.d.
Old Customs, anno 1685532,1439
" " 1686595,6887101½
" "1687630,70015
" "1688551,4971811¾
Yearly average£577,5071210¼
Excise, anno 1685567,06412
" "1686581,6644
" "1687623,8911
" "1688636,35812
Yearly average£610,486109

The more authentic and detailed net account of the revenue and expenditure as stated in the Exchequer half yearly Declarations (Auditors and Pells) is as follows:—

Table I—Table of Exchequer Income.

1685, Easter, to Michaelmas.1685, Michaelmas, to 1686, Easter1686, Easter, to Michaelmas.1686, Michaelmas, to 1687, Easter.1687, Easter to Michaelmas.1687, Michaelmas, to 1688, Easter.1688, Easter to Michaelmas.1688, Michaelmas, to 1689, Easter.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Customs200,58648253,624110Account missingAccount missing292,664119234,87917309,543710115,5280
Excise235,0227248,52847290,084174277,864152263,66061195,82110
Hearthmoney39,48918249,318190121,83619134,6711010105,1319071,5692
Hearthmoney arrears17594510
Letter Office28,6386331,28031029,6172231,9104530,72314223,00010
Wine Licences6,9201011½1,825003,825003671801,453106
Duchy of Cornwall2,127241,2791003,000003,100005,50000
Receivers General29100201123
Duty on French linens etc5,868411½75,663121191,38916155,352741,42281040,88407
Duty on wine and vinegar934271,7311081,725696,80061076,45719187,481126
Duty on tobacco and sugars6,61813254,90622115,7551929,64417123,1561727,06111
First Fruits1,50000500001,25000250001,45000
Tenths of clergy2,131171,500002,0131993,8901802,576221,28890
Fines of alienations30000300003500040000
Rents reserved on various concessions950001,134683,082003,839134235002,516134
Fines of leases4020027610288171429851188,50384
Fines of alienations26000
Sheriffs of counties45137151811572647817861710022701
Sheriffs of cities and bailiffs' of liberties695114301149149751011466424211
Fines etc in Exchequer Court1,4001454,587121,910143,1131032,86427998611
Compositions in Exchequer Court4840263812141151782220
King's Bench fines133681,074810570002806613146
Recusants2,024251,0161948814000
Rents of forfeited lands229136146168
Forfeitures for treason711101,3221923250050150
Lord Grey's lands2,100002,950001,30000486120
Sale of woods8000060000300002,5021115000077500
Profits of coinage of farthings2,080442,0399057451,80000
East India Company's present10,75000
Loan money2,0000027,50000
Loan on the Hearthmoney18,000005,2000015,00000
Loan on the Excise225,67500
Loan on the French linen duty (afterwards on linen and tobacco combined)149,3030056,5230085,57000129,8000051,1386944,90000
Loanonthe Aid (1 William Account and Mary)Account missingAccount missing1,60000
Arrears of the first part of the First Disbanding Act (30 Car. II,c. 1)30006000304196
Ditto of second part of same33164325139200001000027275
Ditto of second Disbanding Act(31 Car II, c.1)434109
In part payment of Sir W. Doyly sdebt245001000010479
Arrears of Poll115000
Fine on Richard Young1,20000
Fine on William Leake266134
Lands seized0134537139
Rent of lands234788182216837476718
Redemption of lands10000
Payments into the Exchequer by order of the King15,000002,70000
The King's dividend in the Royal Africa Company322100322100322100
Ditto in the East India Company75000750002,50000
Ditto in Hudsons Bay Company15000
Queen Dowager's dowry23,63000
Coinage duty3,890210,3000011,000007,0121006,60000
Four and a Half per cent. duty in Barbados and the Leeward Islands3,4781085,000001,06207,50000
Payment by Roger Whitley (Post Office defalcations).7,630154
Received out of the revenue of Ireland10,0000014,25415510,94448
Voluntary benevolence or collection for redemption of captives in Barbary1,03800
King's part of recovery from the Hispaniola wreckAccount missing.Account missing.20,8721074,000009,021186
Receipts from the revenue of Barbados4500080000
Sede vacante temporalities of the archbishopric of York1,1061311½1,000009841911½23000
Payment by Lord Ossulston (Post Office defalcations).4,000004,00000
Fine on George Speke1,00000
Fine on Thomas Gouldsmith10000
Fine on divers persons7,121435168
Paid in by Henry Guy300001,08900
Imprests repaid13791122
Issues of jurors8006344100
Arrears of subsidy (1671)13368
Arrears of Poll [? 1677 or 1666]4100017510
Arrears of Royal Aid2000026000
Arrears of Additional Aid14000
Arrears of Eleven Months' Assessment30006283
Arrears of Seventeen Months' Assessment1,24777
King's private revenue as Duke of York before his accession900003311580000
Forfeiture of a ship3,16102
Payments by Hackney Coaches Commissioners (redd'cur'aurigationum)166134198113
Sale of lands20000
Sale of fee farms2964
Sale of stores251123
Consciencemoney20000
713,037191,017,189151,188,154201,045,065151,054,8659924,7849

Table II—Table of Expenditure.

1685, Easter, to Michaelmas.1685, Michaelmas, to 1686, Easter.1686, Easter, to Michaelma.1686, Michaelmas, to 1687, Easter.1687, Easter, to Michaelmas.1687, Michaelmas, to 1688, Easter.1688, Easter, to Michaelmas.1688, Michaelmas, to 1689, Easter.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Privy Purse9,7500016,20000Account missing.Account missing.13,0000015,5000018,000006,75500
Cofferer of the Household22,1000030,5000047,99810144,5403435,0000019,41915
Master of Robes1,780431,250002,850001,2500062500
Great Wardrobe2,0000015,912711,614647,000004,19600
Treasurer of the Chamber7,55810014,31117532,16517120,522821,60646,749150
Stables4,700008,4201811,100004,587901,85000
Works10,145710½13,997129,5071212,56217311,6311345,59014
Navy176,882175178,5211211235,7740234,206010½213,976011232,06801
Ordnance36,8000035,0000051,5000049,77516762,55113258,3541611½
Lieutenant of Tower55140521824748523194
Band of Gentlemen Pensioners6,000003,1531294,500002,99800
Mint4,000002,2341589,93710011,4621006,7871006,262100
Lord President of Privy Council7500037500750001,125003750037500
Lord Privy Seal7240073600900001,1000036400
King's Jeweller5,000007,000001,000001,500004,0000090000
King's Goldsmith5,500004,587004,000007,363170
Ambassadors10,91210513,65631011,50817618,5275515,368916,50200
Secret Service (Secretaries of State)5,4500011,54913010,650003,000001,500005,14000
Army224,498811 (fn. 2) 296,600111308,90000238,4659321,1354621,426911
Tangier17,1251507,00000
Governor of St Christopher3,478108
Governor of Barbados8156
Secret service, rewards etc50,0361361,5341656,3371770,36214853,7740813,66175
Extraordinaries32,61211033,538009,0631310¾11,180511¼16,69332
Repayments of loan money and interest and gratuity thereon55,04313186,20213151,93124130,10767167,786582,3641710½
Liveries of Exchequer1,41518989939230531,7541453381625747
Annuities and fees, by privy seal3,1915519,89511922,2691621,046415,840004,89500
Annuities and Fees, by debentures20,351647,7201211½Account missingAccount missing75,334967,9741610½42,861710¼18,89614
Messengers of Exchequer and Chamber1,07500651283431085082874548138114
Payments on Second Disbanding Act1503710151143500
Prince of Wales3,00000
700,0790901,949171,082,79691,093,124861,029,40291,096,4281711
Assignations on divers branches of the revenue38,7611910½22,7788429,32061121,72119516,6131310210,37933½ (fn. 3)

Table III.—Statement of Income and Expenditure according to the Exchequer Declaration.

1685.1686.1687.1688.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Income1,730,227147Account2,233,219171,979,64919
Expenditure (not including the Assignations)1,602,028177missing.2,135,9201710¼2,125,8317

Only a close acquaintance with the forms of Exchequer accounting will enable a proper use to be made of the above last two preceding tables (which are of course similar in form and in origin to the tables of revenue and expenditure consistently printed throughout in the introductions to the successive volumes of the present Calendar). Certain forms or items of revenue never reached the Exchequer at all, being arrested half way and diverted into issues or payments by means of tallies of anticipations. Also the payments into the Exchequer from the Customs and Excise and Hearthmoney represent not only net receipts (that is after deducting salaries and expenses of management), but even represent those net receipts still further diminished by tallies of pro. For instance, certain annuities (to the Duke of York, to the Queen Dowager and the bankers' debt interest) were paid at the Excise Office by tallies of pro or assignation and these payments should be added to the total Exchequer receipts in calculating the full actual yield or receipt from the Excise. And so for the Customs etc. It is very fortunate that for the whole of the reign of James II we possess a quite independent contemporary computation of the revenue. This was made by William Lowndes, who during this period was a Treasury clerk, but subsequently became Secretary to the Treasury. He is well known for his Essay for the amendment of the silver coin 1695 etc., and was manifestly a master of national finance.

For some purpose which is not yet clear, Lowndes compiled a yearly account of the revenue and expenditure from 1679 onwards, and after an eventful history the manuscripts containing these valuable accounts now repose safely in the Bodleian. On account of the fact that they represent quite a different statement and method of computing the national revenue, they are here printed in abstract for the period covered by the present volume. It will be noticed that under each head of Departmental revenue Lowndes gives (1) the cash balance in hand at the opening of each half year; (2) the receipts classified according to the respective accounts or years or half years to which they belonged It is therefore abundantly clear that he must have had access to the books of each of these Departments, for this information and classification could not have been drawn from the Weekly Certificates or from the half yearly Declarations It is this fact which gives such value to these statements by Lowndes, for some of the material on which they were based is no longer existent These statements, for James II's reign, are as follows:—
Mich, 1684, to 6 Feb, 1684–5, under Treasury Lords, and 6 Feb, 1684–5, to Lady day, 1685, under Treasurer Rochester

Customs—l.s.d.l.s.d.
Remains8,1661
Receipts proper to the account of the year ended 1684, Sept 2952,37038
Receipts proper to current year112,5232
173,05977
Receipts, account Feb to March76,80857
Excise—
Remains9,37114
Receipts proper to year ended at 1684, Midsummer1,976108
Receipts proper to year from Midsummer, 1684196,67511
208,02316
Feb-Mar account79,50484
Remains.Receipts.Receipts. Feb-Mar.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Hearthmoneynil38,41013924,879109
First Fruits8550000
Tenths765165
Ditto Feb-Mar14030
Divers small branches—
Compositions385417310134
King's Bench fines22601,24963
Recusants' money600410248468
Proffers18127471171511
Coinage duty1,18607
Fine on Daniel Gate10000
Rent of Recusants' lands20000
Wine licences2,60000
Goods seized1,8371445108
Cornwall Duchy2,2342
Fines of alienations35000
Lands seized0134
Rent of lands234
Rent of lighthouses26134
Sea coal (4s. duty)50000
Fines of leases75201810
Sale of wood (woods)600001,20000
Rent of Bombay1000
Unwrought wood45000
per cent. duty60000
Rents of Lord Grey's lands3,00000
Export of woollen cloth100
1,2714716,21371,804145
Casual money8,816103,2031740000
(Redemption of captives; Doyly's debt; imprests repaid.)
Arrears of Taxes—
Twelve Months' Tax47161110000
Second Disbanding Act1539620000
Loansnil.67,0000020,00000
(Duncombe, E. Sheldon, T. Hall, Lord Churchill.)(Duncombe.)

Receipts and Payments made by Tallies [of pro].

To Feb. 6.From Feb. 6.
l.s.d.l.s.d.
First Fruits2,50000
Tenths2,087100
Profits, Alienation Office50000
Profits of Hanaper10002747
5,097100

Expenditure.

To Feb. 6.From Feb. 6.
l.s.d.l.s.d.
Navy67,01816732,86966
Ordnance29,000003,00000
Forces85,5000032,50000
Tangier18,65629
Household28,800005,00000
Treasurer of Chamber5,6871620000
Wardrobe and Mr Knight1,80920
Robes1,50000
Works11,35672
Foreign ministers5,39096
Stables3,598111
Sundry fees and salaries14,0251823302
Pensions in respect of places5,51810
Pensions in lieu of diets1,23600
Other pensions and annuities34,9228019,17577
Band of Pensioners1460
Bounties in gross sums3,20000
Secret services19,1371902,30000
Management of Customs12,71608,80010
Management of Excise8,813403,65500
Privy Purse and Healing gold6,72317
Mint1,00000
Loan repayments, principal, interest and discount122,6701450,531150
Redemption of captives4,06000
Jewels and plate231183
Contingencies not reducible to foregoing heads5,245121471611

Lady day, 1685, to Midsummer, 1685

l.s.d.l.s.d.
Customs—
Remains14,8373
Receipts169,726211½
184,5636
Excise—
Remains17,917111½
Receipts362146 (fn. 4)
Receipts (current quarter)156,4592
174,73818
Hearthmoney—
Remains10,79046
Receipts on half year due Mich., 168434,5322
Receipts on half year due at Lady day, 168512,398103
Receipts (Arrears)135141
57,856112
Letter Office—
Receipts (arrears due before 1685, Lady day)7,446153
Receipts (current quarter)11,11534
18,561187
First Fruits—
Remains1530
Receipts75000
Tenths2,482163
3,232163
Arrears.Receipts.Total.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Divers small branches—
Compositions on Exchequer56125140
Goods seized2593870114
Cornwall Duchy60001,10000
Recusants' money2846823606
per cent.60000
Sale of woods1,200001,30000
Coinage (Doyly)1,18607
Coinage of tin farthings4,44855
Wine licences2,1841311
Fines of leases2000
Unwrought wood22500
Proffers41017
Sea coal (4s. duty farm rent)50000
Lord Grey's rents2,60000
Profits of alienation, per tall[y]25000
3,646313,98256
17,628811½
Casual money—l.s.d.l.s.d.
Remains7,131134
Forfeiture for treason229136
7,361610
Remains.Receipts.Total.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Arrears of Taxes—
Second Disbanding Act261418618
Second part of First Disbanding Act33164
22015
Loans—l.s.d.
Remains9,2008
Receipts (W. Harbord)2,00000
11,2008

[Expenditure.]

l.s.d.
Navy89,3471211
Ordnance21,00000
Forces76,50000
Tangier arrears1,125150
Household15,10000
Treasurer of Chamber2,08300
J. Knight for provisions5,00000
Works9,711198
Foreign ministers15,434172
Sundry fees and salaries paid at the Receipt11,098910¾
Pensions in respect of places1,25000
Pensions in lieu of diets61000
Other pensions and annuities paid at the Exchequer14,60418
Bounties in gross12,13606
Secret services—
Guy12,774911
Sunderland1,00000
Middleton50000
Management of Post Office56930
Management of Customs9,3236
Management of Hearthmoney2,20200
Management of Excise6,3601711¼
Privy Purse[nil. Sic.]
Mint"
Jewels and plate2,00000
Loan repayments, principal and interest65,22170 (fn. 5)
Ditto current—
(on the Customs)6,679710
(on the Excise)9,879111
(on the Hearths)2,92000
(on the other small branches)4,94855
(on the arrears of taxes)14637
Redemption of captives1,00000
Contingents3,245152

1685, Midsummer, to 1685, Michaelmas.

l.s.d.l.s.d.
Customs—
Remains18,1351910
Receipts135,411136
153,547134
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
French linens—
London2,62681
Outports47381
3,0991711½
Brandies—
London4,26300
Outports4271
4,4057
7,5055
Wine and vinegar—
London93861
Outports2916
9682
Tobacco and sugar—
London12,65210
Outports76000
13,41210
Excise—
Remains31,56315
Receipts, arrears for year to 24 June, 1684170195
Receipts, arrears for year to 24 June, 168591,26510
Ditto(current quarter)68,58332
191,58389
Hearthmoney—
Remains2 25284
Receipts55,831154
16100
58,24538
Letter Office—
Remains438098
Receipts due before 1685, June 242,54623
Receipts (current)14 939111
21,8651310
Remains.Receipts.Total.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
First Fruits7219375000
Tenths3,910154
721934,660154
4,733147
Divers small branches—
Compositions in Exchequer62642100
Goods seized724078993
Duchy of Cornwall489382,02724
Recusants'money434681,788111
Wine licences2,0841311
Proffers4213109119
Coinage (Doyly)1,18607
Sale of tin farthings2,08044
King's Bench fines13368
Fines of leases40200
Fines of alienations30000
Wood farm22500
Lord Grey's rents40000
Profits of alienations, per tall25000
5,02358,54763
13,57011
Casual money—
Benevolence money for redemption of captives5,731134
Sir W. Doyly's debt2000024500
Moneys forfeited for high treason229136
East India Company's present10,75000
6,16161010,99500
17,156610
Arrears of taxes—
Second part of First Disbanding Act33164
Second Disbanding Act6797
First part of First Disbanding Act3000
1015113000
131511
l.s.d.l.s.d.
Loans—
Remains3,91613
Receipts on French linen149,30300
Receipts, several (T. Hall, on Hearthmoney, etc.)18,00000
171,21913

Expenditure.

l.s.d.l.s.d.
Navy115,11966
Ordnance20,80000
Forces161,498811
Tangier16,00000
Household7,00000
Treasurer of Chamber6,87800
Wardrobe4,00000
Works4,720710½
Foreign Ministers8,11962
Fees and salaries paid at the Exchequer6,070154
Pensions in respect of places4,20000
Pensions in lieu of diets61400
Pensions and annuities paid at the Exchequer16,5281059½
Bounties in gross sums13,50000
Secret services (Guy, Fox and Sunderland)33,34414
Management of Customs10,8846
Management of Excise6,23000
Management of Hearthmoney88644
Management of Post Office1,951011
Privy Purse and Healing gold9,75000
Mint4,00000
Jewels and plate (Rosse and Vyner)8,50000
Loan repayments—l.s.d.
Principal and interest in further part of debt of 549,747l. 9s. 0¼d as in preceding statement65,50000
Ditto (current)21,65320
87,15320
Redemption of captives1,61530
Contingencies3,109105

1685, Mich., to 1686, Lady day.

l.s.d.l.s.d.
Customs—
Remains20,0741710¼
Receipts (preceding account)48,7960
Receipts (current)241,2801110¾
310,15110
Wine and vinegar—
Remains9682
Receipts (preceding account)41917
Receipts (current account)70,256129
71,64316
Tobacco and sugar
Remains13,41210
Receipts (preceding account)10,1051510½
Receipts (current account)37,3370
60,855611½
French linens—
Remains2,95710
Receipts (preceding account)1,84118
Receipts (current account)47,085211¼
Brandies13,9958
65,8800
Excise—
Remains20,175010½
Receipts (preceding account)1798
Receipts (preceding account)7,10416
Receipts (current account)279,0831710¼
Receipts over payments1,23012
Receipts not yet credited4,00000
311,773169
Hearthmoney—
Remains7,8401510
Receipts (arrears)400110
Receipts (arrears)1,27328
Receipts (arrears)34,746169
Receipts (arrears)510
Receipts (current)70,601141
114,86814
Letter Office—
Remains5,44978
Receipts (arrears)3,730187
Receipts (current)34,257126
43,437189
First Fruits—
Remains76321
Receipts1,00000
Receipts (per tallies)3,15940
Tenths—
Receipts (cash)1,939410
Receipts (per tallies)4,265160
10,364410
11,127611
Remains.Receipts.Total.
Divers small branches—l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Compositions in Exchequer104162638
Goods seized198184,34718
Recusants' money2,222871,01619
Wine licences2,08413114,6241210½
Proffers067581910
King's Bench fines133681,407156
Fines of leases4020027610
Coinage (Doyly)1,18607
Coinage duty3,8902
Sale of tin farthings2,03990
Lands seized0134
Wood farm45000
Rent of Bombay1000
Ulnage of cloth4100
Duchy of Cornwall (revenue)23000
per cent, duty3,478108
Rent of lands234
Profits of alienations in money26000
Profits of alienations in per tallies of pro75000
Sale of woods60000
Coal (4s. duty)50000
Coal (ls. duty)2134
Rent of lighthouses6134
Rent of Carolina9368
Rent of export of woollen cloth0100
Profits of Hanaper (per tallies)3747
King's Bench fine (R. Young)1,20000
Lord Grey's rents2,95000
6,3311428,7151211
35,0477
Casual money—l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Remains15,541310
Receipts—
Paid in by the King, per W. Shaw10,00000
R. Whitley (award)7,630154
Estates forfeit for treason146168
King's East India Co. dividend1,0721010
Revenue of Ireland10,00000
Queen Dowager's portion23,63000
52,48020
68,021510
Remains.Receipts.Total.
Arrears of taxes—
First part of First Disbanding Act3000
Second part of First Disbanding Act33164325139
Second Disbanding Act6397
127511325139
452198
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Loans—
Remains7,82515
On French linen105,22300
Kingdon (fictitious)27,50000
Hall4,00000
Ernie1,20000
145,74815

Expenditure.

Navy162,663141
Ordnance28,50000
Forces279,1251810
Tangier7,00000
Household30,50000
Treasurer of Chamber14,311175
Wardrobe1,00000
Robes1,78043
Works13,99712
Stables4,20000
Foreign ministers13,881310
Sundry fees and salaries paid at the Exchequer26,3104
Pensions_Complete list: ([Exchequer] Customs, Excise, Post Office, First Fruits (tallies), Tenths (tallies), Alienation Office, Hanaper)79,6369
Band of Pensioners3,00000
Bounties in gross19,25000
Secret services (Guy, Middleton, Fox, Sunderland, Preston)71,2725
Management of Customs21,9395
Management of Excise9.75800
Management of Hearthmoney1,31000
Management of Post Office4,2591410
Privy Purse and Healing Gold16,20000
Mint2,234158
Jewels and plate10,58700
Loan repayments—
Principal, interest and discount, in part of 549,747l. 9s. 0¼d. [ut supra]129,617163
Ditto (current)85,3361411
214,954112
Redemption of captives1,00000
Bills of impost96120
Contingencies of divers natures9,60698

End—rest blank.

Lady day, 1686, to Michaelmas, 1686.

l.s.d.l.s.d.
Customs—
Remains10,3441
Receipts358,74639
9011
369,0996
French linens—
Remains5,71416
Receipts56,409410¾
Brandies20,29814
82,4221512
Wines and vinegar—
Remains30,55812
Receipts68,56318
200
99,12411
Tobacco and sugar—
Remains60,855611½
Receipts116,949126
177,80419
Excise—
Remains12,41428
Receipts325,4656
337,8799
Hearthmoney—
Remains7,849175
Receipts105,368130
113,218105
Letter Office—
Remains1,453100
Receipts (arrears)321128
Receipts (current)37,97029
39,74555
First Fruits—
Receipts1,20500
Receipts (per tallies)42500
Tenths—
Receipts3,1218
Receipts (per tallies)2,50000
7,25118
Remains.Receipts.Total.
l.s.dl.s.dl.s.d
Divers small branches—
Goods seized128133,117147
Coinage money or duty1,65566,00000
Coinage money (Doyly's debt)1,18607
Recusants' money546928908
King's Bench fines815198,39700
Compositions in Exchequer9533150
Rent of lands068
Fines of leases706
Proffers214
Wine licences2,295181
Duchy of Cornwall (revenue)4,4666
per cent.3,278108
Wood farm45000
Proffers5511
Coal (4s. duty)50000
Fines of leases722
Lord Grey's estate2,50000
Rent of lighthouses32000
Fines of alienations50000
Fines of alienations, per tally of pro25000
Ulnage of cloth1200
4,370510¼32,9689437,33815
Casual money—
East IndiaCo'spresent1,2500010,75000
King's East India Co dividend7500075000
King's Africa Co dividend322100
Queen Dowager's portion12,00000
Redemption of captives316104
Col Whitley7,6301547,630154
Irish revenue6,88000
Sir W Doyly's debt1500
Paid by the King into Exchequer8,676183
Baronet fee1,09500
Paid in by H Guy for the King66716
Imprest repaid30000
31,96415829,87010
61,835510½
Arrears of taxes—l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
First part of First Disbanding Act3000
Second part of First Disbanding Act5412166000
Second Disbanding Act52138
Poll (1666)3020
Last Poll (1677)95000
137591,64020
1,77779
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Loans24,939811
On linen86,71400
On tobacco29,00000
24,939811115,71400
140,653811

Expenditure

l.s.d
Navy205,07135
Ordnance36,50000
l.s.d
Forces314,400134
To Fox for arrears14,50000
To Stapleton for Leeward Islands2,778108
331,67940
Tangier for arrears23,42400
Household30,30000
Treasurer of Chamber13,10203
Wardrobe8,00000
Robes2,50000
Works15,08000
Stables3,50000
Foreign ministers11,482122
Sundry fees and salaries paid at the Exchequer31,5854
Arrears of late King's servants92,91112
Pensions: full list73,79412
Band of Pensioners4,50000
Bounties in gross4,196168
Secret service51,49815
Management of Customs24,126310¾
Management of Excise11,139100
Management of Hearthmoney1,693311
Management of Post Office3,58903
Privy Purse and Healing gold11,00000
Mint7,2056
Jewels and plate5,40000
Loan repayments—l.s.d.
Principal, interest and discount, in part of 549,747l. 9s. 0¼d., as before53,10859
Ditto (current)138,4361510
191,54517
Redemption of captives2,00000
Contingencies11,120511½

Michaelmas, 1686, to Lady day, 1687.

l.s.d.l.s.d.
Customs—
Remains12,50412
Receipts (arrears)49,523100
Receipts (current)221,32816
283,3561891
French linens—
Remains3,6189
Receipts (arrears)7,00714
Receipts (current)34,2543
Brandies22,1358
60,0080
[67,015154]
Wine and vinegar—
Remains9,19112
Receipts (arrears)11,75512
Receipts (current)90,86169
2300
111,83111
Tobacco and sugar—
Remains90,5583
Receipts (arrears)13,6824
Receipts (current)37,74815
141,9893
Excise—
Remains26,987149
Receipts306,47452
333,4611911
Hearthmoney—
Remains12,99221
Receipts104,08467
1630
16237
117,254153
Post Office—
Remains3,154136
Receipts37,61294
40,767210
First Fruits—
Remains
Receipts84000
Receipts (by tallies of pro)2,50000
Tenths—
Receipts3,359011½
Receipts (tallies of pro)3,42500
10,124011½
Remains.Receipts.Total.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Divers small branches—
Goods seized23134,291129
King's Bench fines2,742132,233189
Compositions in Exchequer918817102
Recusants' money890892510
Cornwall Duchy1211230202
Coinage duty (Doyly)1,18607
Coinage duty8,95000
per cent, duty4,98200
Wine licences3,309110
Coal (4s. duty)50000
Coal (1s. duty)168
Sheriffs' proffers663162
Unwrought wood45000
Fines of leases16676
Rent of lands9134
Rent of Carolina1368
Rent of lighthouses46134
Rent of Bombay1000
Sale of woods80000
Issues of jurors600
Lands seized0134
Lord Grey's rents1,00000
Export of woollen cloth1100
Sale of tin farthings5,50000
York archbishopric temporalities1,00000
Alienation fines (in money)35000
Alienation fines (in tallies)50000
Profits of Hanaper (by tallies of pro)3747
4,0631036,86814
40,93115
Casual money—
East India Co. (present)10,75000
East India Co. (King's dividend)75000
Queen Dowager's portion9,483156
Redemption of captives1,11610430420
Col. Whitley8,86569
Paid in by the King's command2,37846
Out of the Irish revenue6,880006,00000
King's dividend in the Royal Africa Co.322100
A wreck on the coast of Scilly1,5241910½
Product of a bar of silver19840
In part of Doyly's debt10000
40,2231718,4491510½
48,6731211½
Arrears of taxes—
Second Poll (1666)3020230
Last Poll290004681611
First part of First Disbanding Act300020000
Second Disbanding Act6893541410
Second part of First Disbanding Act4,48000
Eighteen Months' tax (1661)10336
3561095,608183
5,96590
Loans—
Remains55,122111
Receipts—
On French linen28,60000
On French linen and tobacco jointly39,09000
67,69000
122,812111

Expenditure.

l.s.d.
Navy239,73415
Ordnance50,40411
Forces (Ranelagh)295,805210
Forces, Fox (arrears)6,77500
Household35,85615
Treasurer of Chamber13,42524
Wardrobe6,60000
Robes1,25000
Works10,20500
Foreign ministers20,96566
Fees and salaries paid at Exchequer29,27822
Arrears to late King's servants110,86513
Pensions and annuities paid at Exchequer85,11510
Tangier arrears3,45050
Band of Pensioners4,50000
Bounties in gross sums10,7161410½
Secret services52,9921710½
Management of Customs26,4031710½
Management of Excise10,747100
Management of Hearth1,715126
Management of Post Office5,04825
Privy Purse and Healing gold16,30000
Mint7,95000
Jewels and plate5,00000
Loan repayments—
Principal and interest in further part of 549,747l. 9s. 0¼d., as before104,559187
Ditto (current)78,559187
Redemption of captives1,011190
Bills of impost96120
Contingencies (detailed)18,9239

Lady day, 1687, to Michaelmas, 1687.

l.s.d.l.s.d.
Customs—
Remains11,2310
Receipts377,9091
389,1401
Wines—
Remains13,0455
Receipts82,038610
95,08312
French linens—
Remains4,58913
Receipts69,5686
Brandy22,3934
96,5513
Tobacco and sugar—
Remains25,026170
Receipts121,01210
146,03973frac34;
Excise—
Remains12,57515
Receipts349,876154
362,45211
Hearth—
Remains3,9949
Receipts138,1574
142,15113
Post Office—
Remains3,03194
Receipts38,571168
41,60360
First Fruits—
Remains1312
Receipts50000
Receipts (tallies)1,25000
Tenths—
Receipts2,013199
Receipts (tallies)3,17500
6,9521111½
Remains.Receipts.Total.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Divers small branches—
Goods seized14911,91014
Compositions (in Exchequer)671012141
Fines of leases1514288171
Wine licences1,000001,82500
Sale of woods5000030000
York (archbishopric temporalities)500001,1061311½
Profit of tin farthings4,000005745
Coinage Duty5500010,30000
Coinage (Doyly)1,18607
Sheriffs' proffers6221
Coal (4s. duty)50000
Rent of lighthouses3000
Rent of lands78818
Issues of jurors800
per cent duty5,00000
Receivers General29100
Recusants' money4881
Lands seized207139
King's Bench fines2,00000
Wood farms45000
Ulnage of cloth200
Cornwall Duchy3,00000
Rent of a lottery2,10000
Profits of Alienation Office in money30000
Profits of Alienation Office (by tallies of pro)50000
7,907439,8121
47,71954
Casual money—
East India Co. present10,75000
East India Co. King's dividend322100
Queen Dowager's portion9,483156
Col. Whitley8,26569
Paid in by King's command2,37846
Irish money8,55926
Irish Revenue2,70000
Product of a bar of silver19840
Redemption of captives9201241,03800
King's dividend, Royal Africa Company322100
Lord Ossulston (award)4,00000
Paid in by Guy from Frowde3000
Barbados revenue45000
King's part of wreck at sea20,872107
Arrears of farm of Great Branches, Ireland14,254155
Forfeitures for treason71110
Sir W. Doyly's debt10000
40,87715744,10970
84,98727
Arrears of taxes—
Second Poll (1666)230
Last Poll1718041000
First part of First Disbanding Act72006000
Second part of First Disbanding Act1400020000
Second Disbanding Act093434109
Subsidy (1671)13368
Royal aid20000
Eleven Months' assessment3000
2321031,467175
1,70078
l.s.d.l.s.d.
Loans—
Remains10,33073
Receipts (linen and tobacco)85,57000
95,00073

Expenditure.

l.s.d.
Navy235,7740
Ordnance51,50000
Forces303,00000
Tangier5,00000
Household40,2611010
Treasurer of Chamber19,62459
Wardrobe11,6171910½
Robes1,25000
Works9,469189
Stables5,74611
Foreign ministers11,888176
Fees and salaries paid in Exchequer30,1178
Arrears of late King's servants55,53619
Pensions and annuities paid at Exchequer82,1115
Band of Pensioners1,50000
Bounties in gross4,279100
Secret services (Guy, Fox, Aldworth, Sunderland, Middleton)61,36215
Management of Customs33,38358
Management of Excise (fn. 6)

Michaelmas, 1687, to Lady day, 1688.

l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Customs—
Remains45,270711¼
Receipts (arrears)43,37615
Receipts (current)153,774910¼
3,50000
15000
200,80154
246,07113
Wines—
Remains26,8712
Receipts (arrears)13,6887
Receipts (current)68,2471910½
108,8079
French linen—
Remains15,4334
Receipts (arrears)9,452311¼
Receipts (current)13,101100
Brandies—26,44512
64,43210
Tabacco and sugar—
Remains24,218310¾
Receipts (arrears)4,700199
Receipts (current)15,40110
44, 320141
Excise—
Remains25,16389
Receipts316,551113
16112
341,87612
Hearthmoney—
Remains23,24914
Receipts108,28487
131,5343
Post Office—
Remains10,78694
Receipts37,74622
48,532116
l.s.d.
First Fruits—
Remains3071
Receipts1,00000
Receipts (tallies)2,00000
Tenths—
Receipts3,890180
Receipts (tallies)3,52500
10,415180
10,72219
Remains.Receipts.Total.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Divers small branches—
Goods seized3341093,0191911
Sale of woods65002,102111
Archbishop of York's temporalities1,1061311½1,00000
Product of tin farthings3,5745
Proffers41655487
per cent. Duty3,10000
King's Bench fines900007,26112
Rent of lotteries2,100002,10000
Duchy of Cornwall3,000003,10000
Lands seized157139
Profits of alienations30000
Coinage duty800007,20000
Coinage money (Doyly)1,18607
Rent of lighthouses16134
Rent of lands17168
Coal (4s. duty)50000
Wood farm45000
Wine licences2,82500
Lord Grey's estates1,30000
Fines of leases43130
Issues of jurors634
Recusants' moneys4000
Compositions in Exchequer15178
Coal (1s. duty)168
Lands seized (Earl of Macclesfield's)13856
Salt farm rent800
King's revenue when Duke90000
Rent of Bombay1000
Rent of Hackney coaches166134
Fines of alienations [money]35000
Fines of alienations in tallies of pro50000
Profits of Hanaper3747
16,6481033,66416
50,313611¾
Remains.Receipts.Total.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Casual money—
Benevolence (redemption of captives)1,958124
East India Co. (present)10,75000
East India Co. (King's dividend)6450075000
Queen Dowager's portion9,483156
Col. Whitley7,26569
Paid in by the King's command2,37846
Irish revenue8,55926
Arrear of farm of great branches, Ireland14,254155
Forfeitures for treason71110
Hispaniola wreck20,872107
Sir W. Doyly's debt10479
Forfeitures for treason1,29842
Brought forward
King's share of forfeited ship Andalusia an interloper3,16102
Lord Ossulston4,00000
"Money paid for redemption of lands"10000
76,2381879,413121
85,652108
Remains.Receipts.Total.
l.s.d.l.s.d.l.s.d.
Arrears of taxes—
Poll2246017510
First part of First Disbanding Act13200
Second part of First Disbanding Act3400010000
Royal Aid2000026000
Eleven Months' tax3000
Subsidy (1671)13368
Additional Aid14000
1,0591281,734138
2,79464
l.s.d.l.s.d.
Loans—
Remains39,87315
(Linen and tobacco)107,35000
147,22315

Expenditure.

l.s.d.
Navy192,4145
Ordnance41,775167
Forces277,00000
Tangier16,20000
Treasurer of Chamber15,905911
Wardrobe9,157120
Robes1,25000
Works10,806195
Stables11,10000
Foreign ministers paid at the Exchequer16,20055
Fees and salaries paid at the Exchequer35,0261211½
Pensions and annuities paid at the Exchequer81,6465
Late King's servants5,9280
Band of Pensioners4,50000
Bounties in gross sums18,96200
Secret service46,270210¾
Management of Customs25,1881510¼
Management of Excise13,334190
Management of Hearths1,72057
Management of Post Office4,91797
Privy Purse and Healing gold13,00000
Mint7,77500
Jewels and plate8,733182
l.s.d.
Loan repayments—
Principal and interest in part of 549,747l. 9s. 0¼d., as before18,00000
Ditto (current)126,2348
144,2348
Contingencies (detailed)36,9796

Dapartmental Accounts.—(1) Customs Accounts.

1685, Sept 29, to 1686, Sept. 29.

GENERAL ACCOUNT

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears68,92738
Receipts (London, exports)41,497136
Ditto (London, grand receipt)183,523106
Ditto (London, wine and vinegar)144,9331111
Ditto (London, Plantation goods)153,324164
Ditto (outports)257,4002
Ditto (Plantations)2,89312
Overpayments4,8081411
857,26115

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Charged in Cash Account723,618211¼
Collectors' overpayments1,6385
Outport (salaries)19,160139
Ditto (incidents)14,04014
Repayments of half subsidy etc55,2241410¼
Repayments of damage2,72405
816,40611

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears17,56398
Receipts (London, grand receipt)220,590710½
Ditto (London, wine & vinegar)144,9351111
Ditto (London, Plantation goods)143,92019
Ditto (London, exports)41,497136
Ditto (outports)161,6247
Ditto (Plantations)1,0492
741,18112

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Salaries (London)21,542167
Ditto (patent officers, London)3,964100
Ditto (patent officers, outports)1,8101510
Pensions8,300129
Rent etc2,24724
Exchequer fees1,19002
Incidents17,2840
Repayments of damage, portage and half subsidy67,31682
Ready money paid into the Exchequer596,78715
720,4442

NEW DUTIES ON WINE AND VINEGER.

(1685, June 24, to 1686, Sept. 29.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (first account)nil
Receipts (London)133,96112
Ditto (outports)38,55611
172,5183

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Repayments of damage and overentries1,4227
Ready moneys paid into the Exchequer151,98888
Due on bonds19,1077
172,518311¼

NEW DUTIES ON TOBACCO AND SUGARS.

(1685, June 24, to 1686, Sept. 29.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (first account)nil
Receipts (London)125,9431811½
Ditto (outports)71,540115
197,48410

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Repayments on re-exports4,540182
Ready money paid into the Exchequer191,4874
Due on bonds1,4568
197,484105

NEW DUTIES ON SILKS, LINEN AND CALICO.

(1685, Aug. 1, to 1686, Sept. 29.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (first account)nil
Receipts (London)95,7871010
Ditto (outports)21,0732
117,46013

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Ready money paid into the Exchequer115,420192
Repayments for re-exports and damaged goods etc2,03914
117,46013

COINAGE DUTY.

(1685, Aug. 1, to 1686, Sept. 29.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (first account)nil
Receipts (London)12,37439
Ditto (outports)4,3802
Overpayments by collectors8203
16,8366

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Money charged in cash account of coinage duty14,16818
Grants to officers for collecting28616
Depending on collectors.2,38113
16,8366

COINAGE DUTY: CASH ACCOUNT.

(Date as above.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Receipts (London)11,75000
Ditto (outports)2,41818
14,16818

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Repayments on re-export72
Dottp on damaged goods7159
Allowance47254
Readu money paid into the Exchequer13,5902
14,07757

NEW DUTIES ON WINE AND VINEGAR.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (bonds)23,535117
Receipts (London)139,2021311
Ditto (outports)41,55617
204,2952

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus0031
Repayments for damaged goods etc3,136211
Ready money paid into the Exchequer164,21140
167,3747

NEW DUTIES ON TOBACCO ANDSUGARS.

Charges.

l.s.d.
Arrears (bonds)2,17571
Receipts (London)119,96022
Ditto (outports)46,13113
168,266106

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus151
Repayments for damaged goods and re-exports.11,95392
Ready money paid into the Exchequer155,17290
167,14019

NEW DUTIES ON SILKS, LINEN AND CALICO.

Charge.

l..s.d.
Arrearsnil.
Receipts (London)16,084103
Ditto (outports)21,55683
37,640186

Discharge.

1.s.d.
Surplus00
Ready money paid into the Exchequer37,64018
37,64018

1686, Sept. 29, to 1687, Sept. 29.

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Arrears40,86049
Receipts (London, exports)46,570107
Ditto (London, grand receipt)224.601109
Ditto (London. Plantation goods)156,7141610½
Ditto (London, wine & vinegar)159,022190
Ditto (outports)295,681145
Ditto (Plantations)2,36888
Overpayments by collectors3,19714
929,01319

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Money charged in Cash Account (below)740,94931
Discompted to collectors for overpayments4,7581411
Outports (salaries)18,8902
Ditto (incidents)13,63288
Repayments of half subsidy etc95,797510¼
Allowance for damaged goods etc5,175139
Portage money allowed to merchants7538
Allowances by privy seal3,67810
883,6357

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears21,296510½
Receipts (London, grand receipt)224,8259
Ditto (London, wine and vinegar)152,9691
Ditto (London, Plantation goods)136,728161
Ditto (London, exports)46,570107
Ditto (outports)154,85512
Ditto (Plantations)9336
740,94931

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus558155
Salaries (London)21,0971410¾
Ditto (patent officers, London)13,630118
Ditto (patent officers, outports)2,08645
Pensions7,785199
Rent4,57214
Exchequer fees1,30518
Discount on bonds271710
Incidents18,7334
Repayments (half subsidy etc.)98,584125
Ready money paid into the Exchequer572,9901510½
741,372198

NEW DUTIES ON WINE AND VINEGAR.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Due on bonds19,1077
Receipts (London)146,32133
Ditto (outports)46,16610
211,59515

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus00
Repayments for damaged goods1,4674
Discount of bonds450
Ready money paid into the Exchequer186,5880
Due on bonds23,535117
211,5951

NEW DUTIES ON TOBACCO AND SUGARS.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrearsnil.
Due on bonds1,4568
Receipts (London)123,92071
Ditto (outports)57,8888
183,2653

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Payments on re-exports.17,608157
Discount of bonds4717
Ready money paid into the Exchequer163,4490
Due on bonds2,17571
183,2804

NEW DUTIES ON SILKS, LINEN AND CALICO.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Receipts (London)80,0691011½
Ditto (outports)26,197752
106,26618

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus00
Ready money paid into the Exchequer106,26618
106,26618

COINAGE DUTY.

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Arrears2,38113
Receipts (London)14,21646
Ditto (outports)4,8411510¾
Overpayments by collectors338011
21,777149

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Charged in Cash Account (as below)20,2726
Allowance to officers for collecting332178
Defalcations and overpayments8203
20,6874

COINAGE DUTY-CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears90161
Receipts (London)13,8121111
Ditto (outports)6,45914
20,3632

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Repayments on re-exports1531111½
Repayments on damaged goods9010½
Officers' allowance6751410
Ready money paid into the Exchequer19,35000
20,18778

From 1687, Sept. 29, to 1688, Sept. 29.

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears66,674175
Receipts (London, exports)41,5292
Ditto (London, grand receipt)173,1961910½
Ditto (London, Plantation goods)142,09399
Ditto (London, wine & vinegar)151,01628
Ditto (outports)274,1517
Ditto (remitted from Ireland by J. Price)3,50000
Ditto (Plantations)2,73264
Collectors' overpayments9,40310
864,297173

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Charged in Cash Account (below)654,7209
Collectors' overpayments3,19814
Outport (salaries)20,3316
Ditto (incidents)15,366310¼
Repayments of half subsidy etc86,4160
Allowance for damaged goods etc5,470137
Portage1,09512
786,599010

CASH ACCOUNT

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains22,210011
Receipts (London, grand receipt)176,42899
Ditto, (London, wine and vinegar)146,96239
Ditto (London, Plantation goods)122,48766
Ditto (London, exports).41,529294
Ditto (London, bonds)22,13357
Ditto (outports)145,9415
Ditto (Plantations)66914
Ditto (remitted from Ireland by J. Price, Receiver General)3,50000
681,8619

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus423167
Salaries (London)15,02685
Ditto (patent officers, London)7,160134
Ditto (patent officers, outports)2,690182
Pensions8,00850
Rent2,84571
Exchequer fees1,17110
Incidents21,690484
Allowance for damage, portage, debenture84,7480
Ready money paid into the Exchequer510,769130
654,534710

COINAGE DUTY.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears1,09010
Receipts (London)14,60516
Ditto (outports)4,3708
Overpayments21676
20,27727

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Charged in Cash Account (below)17,74605
Paid to officers for collecting (in the out-ports)329125
Repayments for damaged goods1759
Overpayments338011
18,413139

COINAGE DUTY: CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains17414
Receipts (London)14,964144
Ditto (outports)2,78161
17,9201411½

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Repayments for re-exports18316
Repayments for damaged goods337
Allowances to officers [London port]591108
Ready money paid into the Exchequer17,112100
17,92146

From 1688, Sept. 29, to 1689, Mar. 25.

GENERAL ACCOUNT

(Not extant).

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains1861
Bonds27,14106
Receipts (London, grand receipt)57,9161411
Ditto (London, wine and vinegar)53,814150
Ditto (London, Plantagoods)15,821143

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Salaries (London)9,34911
Ditto (patent officers, London)3,358168
Ditto (patent officers, outports)98233
Pensions3,40800
Rent etc1,67766
Incidents (London port)8,887198
Ditto (Plantation bonds)2,1481710
Ditto (London, exports)15,22630
Ditto (outports)26,1828
198,43715
Allowances for damage etc1,994041/2
Ditto for portage87606
Ditto for half subsidy28,099910
Ditto for silk debentures5,197010
Ready money paid into the Exchequer113,7260
Interest on loan money522140
Bonds delivered to Successor Cashier19,387102
Ready money paid into the Exchequer to balance this account.97112
198,43715

NEW DUTIES ON WINE AND VINEGAR.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Bonds (supers)36.9201510
Receipts (London)46,7492
Ditto (outports)5,2471111¼
88,91710

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus00
Repayments for damaged goods63507
Ready money paid into the Receipt83,53714
84,17215

NEW DUTIES ON TOBACCO AND SUGARS.

(No account extant.)

NEW DUTIES ON SILKS, LINENS ETC.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Receipts (London)13,53178
Ditto (outports)6,4472
19,978911¾

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus00
Ready money paid into the Exchequer19,978100
19,97810

COINAGE DUTY: GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrearsnil.
Receipts (London)5,969011½
Ditto (outports)2,14601
8,1151

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplusage09
Repayments for goods re-exported641011½
Repayments for goods damaged239
Payments to outports officers for collecting.270100
Ready money paid into the Receipt7,70000
8,03714

COINAGE DUTY: CASH ACCOUNT.

(No account extant.)

(2) Excise Accounts.

1684. June 24, to 1685, June 24.

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge

l.s.d.
Arrears75,23383
Receipts (counties)425,01619
Ditto (Wales and four Northern Counties)50,83317
Ditto (London)182,61714
751,24810

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Salaries [country]51,718177
Ditto (country)9,49612
Ditto (Wales)1,86158
Ditto (London)23,186144
Paid for exported beer89055
Overcharged131
Royal bounty51011
Coffee officers229140
Ready money received and accounted for separately [in Cash Account as below]594,91547
682,3177

CASH ACCOUNT.

SeeIntroduction to Treasury Calendar, Vol. VII, p. xlviii.

From 1685, June 24 to 1686, June 24.

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains and supers depending68,8313
Whole produce of Excise673,5161411¼
742,34718

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Salaries (country)52,89518
Ditto (Wales and four Northern Counties)10,143184
Ditto (London)21,813110½
Ditto (imported liquors)1,00513
Overcharged131810¼
Defalcation for exported beer60798
Royal bounty20514
Ready money accounted for separately [in Cash Account as below]614,00615
700,69110

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains12,0015
Arrears65,57319
Receipts (to account of previous years)108,152310¼
Current receipts (London, beer and ale)129,946151
Ditto (London, imported liquors)23,445411
Ditto (London, coffee & strong waters)3,10000
Ditto (Wales and four Northern Counties, beer and ale)31,20207
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors)3231
Ditto (rest of England, beer and ale)311,3111811¾
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors)5,0229
674,40817

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Salaries18,94600
Rent25000
Repairs and incidents2,37560
Queen Dowager12,209152
Prince and Princess of Denmark27,00000
Patentee, perpetual interest1,1526
Bankers' perpetual inter est3,199190
Ditto assignees' per petual interest12,64714
Tallies of assignation13,44100
Loan money repaid41,50000
Interest82515
Payments by special warrant95500
Ready money paid into the Exchequer479,32114
613,8291111½

From 1686, June 24, to 1687, June 24.

Charge.

ls.d.
Arrears41,75617
Receipts (counties)467,78706
Ditto (Wales and the four Northern Counties)56,0812
Ditto (London)182,76917
Ditto (imported liquors).11,6741710
760,0691511½

Discharge.

Salaries (counties and Wales)63,68115
Ditto (London)22,42545
Ditto (imported liquors).1,27115
Overcharged54
Allowance14100
Ready money accounted for separately [in Cash Account as below]647,22010
734,74510

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

ls.d.
Arrears60,57967
Receipts (to accounts of previous years)106,74616
Ditto (London, beer and ale)130,0276
Ditto (London, imported liquors)30,42999
Ditto (London, coffee and strong waters)3,15000
Ditto (Wales and four Northern Counties, beer and ale)34,893910
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors)1,08117
Ditto (rest of the country, beer and ale)336,76118
Ditto (ditto imported, liquors6,0659
Disallowed in previous account80550
709,5411711½

Discharge.

ls.d.
Salaries (London)19,404130
Rent10000
Repairs and incidents1,089100
Queen Dowager12,209152
Prince and Princess of Denmark32,50000
Patentees' perpetual in terest52981
Goldsmiths' or bankers' perpetual interest4,678152
Bankers' assignees' perpetual interest8,491169
Repayments of loan money31,00000
Interest5354
Yarmouth fishery16000
Ready money paid into the Exchequer536,521710
647,22010

From 1687, June 24, to 1688, June 24.

GENERAL ACCOUNT

Charge.

ls.d.
Arrears25.3245
Receipts (counties and Wales)526,563610¾
Ditto (London)195,28914
Ditto (imported liquors)10,61016
Allowed for salaries of head office in last four years89,25071
Overallowed for brewers and victuallers in Lon don485
847,08615

Discharge.

ls.d.
Salaries (England and Wales)64,4908
Ditto (imported liquors).2051711
Incidents1,21470
Allowances to brewers30315
Ready money Accounted for separately [in the Cash Account as below]646,83019
713,04579

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

lS.d.
Remains7,9438
Arrears53,572143
Receipts (proper to previous years' accounts)108,938197
Ditto (London, beer and ale)131,89111
Ditto (London, imported liquors)38,04771
Ditto (London, coffee & strong waters)3,40000
Ditto (Wales and the four Northern Counties, beer and ale)34,39310
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors)648311½
Ditto (rest of England, beer and ale)329,5907
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors)5,6203
Arrears depending80550
715,3653

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Salaries23,53649
Rent30000
Repairs and incidents3,415148
Queen Dowager12,209152
Prince and Princess of Denmark48,00000
Patentees' perpetual interest664195
Goldsmiths' or bankers' perpetual interest1,4158
Bankers' assignees' perpetual interest11,66823
Yarmouth fishery1600
Loan money repaid21,00000
Ready money paid into the Exchequer524,4601411½
646,83019

From 1688, June 24, to 1689, June 24.

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains134,0417
Receipts (the Counties and Wales)540,741410
Ditto (London)216,607511¾
Ditto (imported liquors)12,90616
980,29615

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Salaries (England and Wales)66,28708
Ditto (imported liquors)280111
Allowance for damage194
Allowance to distillers3110
Separately accounted for in the Cash Account [as below]669,10714
737,04303

CASH ACCOUNT.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains, supers and arrears54,377193
Receipts (proper to the account of preceding year117,0117
Ditto (London, beer and ale)133,8271810¾
Ditto (London, imported liquors)53,948158
Ditto (London, coffee and strong waters)2,85000
Ditto (Wales and the four Northern Counties, beer and ale)33,8422
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors)33625
Ditto (rest of England, beer and ale)323,614180
Ditto (ditto, imported liquors)5,350142
739,3161

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Salaries20,127165
Rent10000
Repairs and incidents1,38214
Commissioners' incidents1,881160
Queen Dowager12,209152
Prince and Princess of Denmark30,00000
Loan money repaid80,00000
Interest60595
Yarmouth fishery16000
Perpetual interest (bankers)16047
Perpetual interest to bankers' assignees28744
Ready money paid into the Exchequer521,9437
668,85714

(3) Wine Licences Accounst. (fn. 7)

From 1685, Mar. 25, to to 1686, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Supers depending13,89779
Surcharge15000
Receipts12,779175
26,82752

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus7827
Salaries2,15000
Interest653410¼
Reward208149
Principal repaid4,00000
Ready money paid into the Exchequer5,65000
13,444610½

From 1686, Mar. 25, to 1687, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Supers depending14,00951
Receipts (this year)12,539196
Ditto (proper to account of preceding year)353126
26,902171

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus6266
Salaries etc.2,15000
Interest, reward and principal repaid4,363154
Ready money paid into the Exchequer5,65000
12,7902

From 1687, Mar. 25, to 1688, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Supers depending14,968198
Receipts (this year)12,4421411
Ditto (proper to account of preceding year)110100
27,52247

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus8564
Salaries2,15000
Interest, reward and principal repaid5,51315
Ready money paid into the Receipt4,312180
Money allowed in repayment of advance money formerly omitted2,3202
14,476144

From 1688, Mar. 25, to 1689, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Supers depending15,74852
Receipts (this year)11,65955
Ditto (arrears)74150
27,48257

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus2,1015
Salaries2,15000
Interest, reward and principal repaid5,34815
Ready money paid into the Exchequer2,992162
12,59216

(4) Navy Accounts.

From 1685, Dec. 31, to 1687, Mar. 25.

(Visct. Falkland, Treasurer.)

Chabge.

l.s.d.
Remains143,6119
Supers depending281,293157
Money out of the Exchequer521,12802
Sale of old goods and provisions904198
Imprests made by former Treasurers and cleared by this Accomptant5,35615
Abatements on several persons' accompts detailed1,3682
Ditto on several persons' bills and wages1,15557
Stores sold39765
Overpaid to several persons91011
955,22012

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Emptions & provisions171,99910
Salaries (Admiralty and Navy Office)15,261141
Travelling charges63526
Pilotage709120
Freight and transport of hired ships3,47012
Rewards, royal bounty etc2,960128
Interest on tradesmen's bills of store42655
Rent1,2611610
Disbursements14,1033
Pensions3,311154
Half pay66646
Free gift (Barber Surgeons' Company for men on the Oxford)48100
Landcarriage6076
Bills of extraordinaries31816
Repairs and workmanship in the Yards13,02118
Volunteers' diet8,38113
Payments by assignments from the Commissioners appointed to examine and pass the old accompt:
(1) Wages, commanders6,787151
(2) Ditto, ships79,823191
(3) Scraping & tarring ships40160
Payments by assignments from the Navy Commissioners on the current services:
(1) Wages to ships18,877185
(2) Wages, dockyards113,197165
(Total, 455,721l. 9s. 8d.)
Ordinary allowances2934
Accomptant's salary5,03324
On the Victualling
Account:
Emptions and provisions22,269170
Freight69696
Disbursements by the Victualling Agents at the outports, for sea provisions15,8375
Ditto for bakehouse work etc.1,631130
Rent25900
Salaries (Victualling Commissioners and Office)3,242100
Repairs and incidents1,12415
(Total Victualling Account, 45,060l. 14s. 4d.)
505,8449
Remains449,3762
Whereof supers277,037111½
Remains172,3390

From 1686, Dec. 31, to 1687, Dec. 31.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (remains)172,3390
Ditto (supers)277,037111½
Receipts (money out of the Exchequer)428,1885
lmprest bills cleared within the time of this accompt4,282109
Old goods and provisions sold870110
Rent of Lordship Fields at Chatham37100
Sale of provisions4131911
883,1681910

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Emptions & provisions133,3998
Salaries (Admiralty and Navy Office)18,743146
Interest on tradesmen's bills of store22740
Travelling charges751157
Pilotage43729
Volunteers' diets944106
Transport1,599129
Stores for Tangier and Gibraltar in 168018,928711
Rigging wages113165
Rewards and bounty1,24429
Half pay58669
Pensions2,651112
Rent8,743140
Wages (by assignments from the Commissioners for the old accompt)22,05915
Ditto (by assignments from the Navy Commissioners for the current year)32,60577
Dockyard wages90,53051
(Total, 333,561l. 1s. 7½d.)
Accomptant's salary4,029100
Ordinary allowances2368
The accompt of the Victualling:
Emptions and provisions28,5547
Freight88419
Disbursed by the Victualling Agents in the outports for provisions8,12536
Bakehouse, brewhouse etc.2,107185
Rent20800
Salaries (Victualling Commissioners and Office)3,22000
Repairs and incidents2,88060
(Total of theVictualling 45,979l. 10s. 8¾d.)
383,59315
Remains499,5754
Whereof supers274,06517
Remains225,5097

From 1688, Mar. 25, to 1G89, April 4.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears: Remains225,5097
Ditto, supers depending274,06517
Money received out of the Exchequer470,03396
Ditto received towards the thirty ships' account1,0147
Money received in imprest bills paid by former Treasurers and cleared within the time of this accompt4,926122
Old goods and provisions sold13,00318
Rent of the Lordship Fields at Chatham7100
On accompt of the Victualling:
Money received by this Accomptant's Agent Mr. Sturt for the service of the Victualling1,31075
Overpayments1248

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Emptions and provisions99,1111010
Salaries (Admiralty and Navy Office)11,6801010
Pensions to several officers of ships and others3,63741
Rewards for extraordinary services63736
Disbursements of various natures10,29113
Travelling charges76836
Volunteers1 diet charges317160
Pilotage2,528136
Free gifts and medicines47765
Rebuilding and [contract] price of ships and lighters10,894110
Hire and freight for transport3,97327
House rent1,35723
Wages and entertainment of officers and seamen94,50761
Wages etc. in the dockyards and ropeyards47,61476
Short allowance money3,58491
Bounty to widows and orphans of seamen slain in the service5500
Imprests cleared by succeeding Treasurers46,20540
(Total, 343,600l. 11s. 6¾d.)
Payments pursuant to assignments by the Commissioners for the old account, viz. between 1687–8, Jan. 1, and 1689, Mar. 31.
Emptions and provisions8,02049
Interest to tradesmen478811
Salaries (Admiralty & Navy Office)2,362157
Pensions to officers of ships and others2,265103
Rewards557125
Disbursements of various natures7,51984
Half pay1,65350
Hire and freight16700
Wages in rigging time1331710
Travelling charges684186
Volunteers' victuals3,2450
Pilotage2570
Necessary money130186
Wages of officers and men20,517100
Dockyard and ropeyard wages6,85848
Payments on lists of arrears to yards1,7251810
Imprests cleared by succeeding Treasurers24,39013
Imprests cleared by a, certificate from the Navy Board12,7961
(Total, 93,532l. 16s. 2½d.)
Payments on the account for the thirty ships:
Emptions and provisions13,7960
Interest54047
Carriage64199
Salary (storekeeper at Harwich Yard)9020
Gratuities10000
Disbursements74193
Freight and transport33123
Travelling charges331310
Wages in the Yards and ropeyards17,872710
(Total, 32,605l. 19s. 10½d.)
Payments on the account for the war with the French King:
Emptions and provisions13257
Interest to tradesmen3,373106
Disbursements262116
Transport1,81598
Travelling charges60186
Victualling charges (pursers')5800
(Total, 5,702l. 15s. 9d.)
Victualling accompt:
Emptions and provisions80,79810
Hire and freight2,171101
Balances of (various Captains') victualling account70219
Money disbursed by the agents in the outports and others for sea provisions28,9007
Sundry repairs and incidents2,0631410¾
Rent51300
Salaries (Victualling Commissioners and Office)4,34500
Coopers' and labourers' work4,39210
(Total, 123,887l. 12s. 9¼d.)
Accomptant's salary3,9892
Ordinary allowances3000
Imprests vacated and cleared by succeeding Treasurers208,0591910
Sundry allowances for services and payments9,8156
Imprest bills paid by this Accomptant for the Victualling and charged on the Earl of Orford
989,88314
the succeeding Treasurer of the Navy7,8642
Money paid over by this Accomptant to the Earl of Orford, his successor1,60000
822,824411¾
Remains167,0599
Whereof supers dependent139,44719
Leaving; this Accomptant finally indebted27,611105

(5) Army Accounts.

From 1 Jan., 1684-5, to 31 Dec, 1685

(Charles Fox, Paymaster-General).

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Money out of the Exchequer498,02151
Deduction of I2d. per £ out of Army pay7,97217
Deduction for bread delivered to the Forces on Hounslow Heath48658
Money remitted out of Ireland17,50000

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus10,5180
General officers2,894011
King's Own Troop of [Horse] Guards under the Duke of Albemarle21,397128
Second Troop of the King's Horse Guards (under successively Sir Philip Howard and the Duke of Northumberland, consisting of officers, 200 gentlemen Troopers and 1 Troop of Grenadiers)20,66928
Third Troop of the King's Horse Guards (under successively the Earl of Feversham and John Lord Churchill; composed ut supra)20,63928
Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (Earl of Oxford)26,447128
First Regiment of Foot Guards (Duke of Grafton)35,06740
Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards (Earl of Craven)18,009178
Scotch Regiment [of Foot]24,454148
Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot Guards (under Col. Piercy Kirke)11,82680
Prince of Denmark's Regiment [formerly Duke of York's] under Sir Charles Littleton14,13626
Holland Regiment, with one Company of Grenadiers13,003106
Queen Consort's [formerly the Duchess of York's] Regiment of Foot Guards11,739174
King's Regiment of Dragoons (under successively Lord Churchill and Visct, Cornbury)14,40868
Col. Strother's Troop of Dragoons72592
(Total for the Guards and Land Forces, 235,419l. 2s. 1d.)
Garrisons:
Berwick1,197128
Carlisle1,11654
Chepstow27800
Chester (officers, 50 soldiers and 3 gunners; establishment dated 1685, July 1).58120
Calshot Castle154140
Cinque Ports1,254160
Dartmouth (1 master gunner & 1 gunner)54120
Guernsey1,87094
Gravesend and Tilbury1,798154
Hull2,33924
Holy Island10940
Hurst Castle154136
Jersey1,243134
Sir John Lanier's allowance30000
St. Mawes54120
Pendennis838165
Plymouth2,325160
Portsmouth5,957151
Scilly1,240124
Scarborough9100
Teignmouth and Clifford's Fort1,613188
Tower of London1,782112
Upnor, Gillingham and Calshot Wood882140
Windsor963100
Isle of Wight2,30690
York and Clifford's Tower (the Governor, a Company of Foot and a storekeeper)1,57279
Yarmouth10940
Gunners in St. James's Park136100
Lord Colepeper's pension59876
(Total for the garrisons, 32,927l. 19s. 9d.)
Army raised in 1685:
General officers4,597180
Recruits (10 men per Troop) added to the Earl of Oxford's 5 Troops of the Royal Regiment of Horse).387108
Ditto to the Duke of Grafton's 1st Regiment of Foot Guards5,702120
Ditto to the Coldstream Regiment2,81394
Ditto to Major Robert Douglas's RoyalRegiment of Foot (disbanded)1,112100
Ditto to Col. C. Trelawney's Queen [Consort's] Regiment of Foot66618
Ditto to Col. P. Kirke's Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot51854
Ditto to Sir C Littleton's Prince George of Denmark's Regiment of Foot71328
Ditto to the Earl of Mulgrave's Holland Regiment of Foot.7581510
Ditto to Lord Churchill's Royal Regiment of Dragoons118190
Ditto to Col. W. Strother's Troop of Dragoons3171810
I Ditto to Independent Companies under the Earl of PlyI mouth, Sir ChrisI topher Musgrave, I Col. Sackville Tufton, Sir J. Reresby, Capt. Thos. Cheeke, Capt. Peter Shakerley, George Lord j Dartmouth, Earl of Bath, Earl of Gainsborough, Capt. Rich. Carter, Capt. Cornwallis614192
Ditto to ditto under Capt. Hy. Villiers, Capt. Charles Potts, Capt. Francis Godolphin, Sir Robt. Holmes230610
Ditto to ditto under Capt. Robert Myners205120
Sir J. Reresby for the officers of the Independent Company of Grenadiers under him3206
Christopher Lord Hatton, for recruits of an Independent Company of Foot under him" to Sept. 153188
(Total pay for recruits, 14.062l. 1s. 10d.)
New raised Regiments and Troops of Horse:
Queen's Regiment of Horse under Sir J. Lanier (9 Troops)14,414010
Earl of Peterborough's Regiment of Horse.8,2431110
Earl of Plymouth's ditto9,218110
Henry Lord Dover's ditto9,35206
Earl of Thanet's (afterwards Col. Robert Werden's) ditto9,112197
James Earl of Arran's ditto8,76710
Charles, Earl of Shrewsbury's ditto9,101168
Robert, Earl of Scarsdale's ditto9,14464
Visct. Lumley's ditto9,33658
Troop of Horse under Capt. David Lloyd1,73408
Ditto under Marquess of Worcester (to Oct. 31)1,052142
(Total for new raised Regiments etc. of Horse.89,476l. 19s. 2d.)
New raised Regiments of Dragoons:
Five Troops of Dragoons added to the Royal Regiment of Dragoons late under Lord Churchill (to Sept. 1)2,199106
Two Troops of Dragoons to same Regiment under Visct. Combury from Sept, 1 under Wm. Cul liford and Wm. Strother1,45200
Two Troops of the Queen Consort's Regiment of DraI goons under the Duke of Somerset5,2111410
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Dragoons under Col. John Berkeley (six Troops complete)6,099104
Two Troops unmounted and four Troops mounted of the Regiment of Dragoons under Col. Rich. Hamilton (to Oct. 31)3,98172
(Total for the Dragoons, 18,944l. 2s. 10d.)
Royal Regiment of Fusil leers under George,
Lord Dartmouth (to Dec. 25)7,67501
New Raised Regiments and Companies of Foot:
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Foot under Robt., Lord Ferrers5,93162
Regiment of Foot under Col. Henry Cornwall5,852184
Ditto under Earl of Bath5,4311210
Ditto under Duke of Beaufort and Marq. of Worcester successively5,452196
Ditto under Earl of Huntingdon5,389172
Ditto under Duke of Norfolk5,5251910
Ditto under Sir Ed. Hales5,65356
Ditto under Sir William Clifton5,547176
Major-General Hugh Mackay, Commander in Chief of three Scotch Regiments of Foot that lately came from Holland (pay from June 5 to Aug. 3)5,58228
Sir Hy. Belasyse, Commander in Chief of three English Regiments of Foot that lately came from Holland (pay from June 30 to July 31)2,93880
Company of Foot under Richard, Lord Arundell of Trerice44860
Ditto under Sir Tho. Huggerston46810
(Total pay of new raised Foot, 54,222l. 14s. 6d.)
Horse, Foot and Dragoons raised and disbanded within the time of this account:
Eleven Troops of Horse and one Troop of Dragoons3,338180
Two Troops under Capt. Baldwin Leighton & Capt. John O'Neile.32650
"Several" Independent Companies of Foot1,629710
(Total, 5,394l. l0s. 0d.)
(Total pay of established Forces and of
521,3808
Forces raised this year, 194,383l. 7s. 3d.)
Contingencies.
Pensions and allowances2,3451
Pay of several officers and others2,4011911½
Special services and royal bounty1,478130
Fire and candle1,06704
Medicaments306710
Sundries3,57474
Standards and colours57800
Trumpets' liveries1,058125
Smart money23550
Annual allowances1,450168
Reformed and disabled soldiers3,108129
Loss of horses and accoutrement2,45526
Payments ordered by Charles II and hire allowed29,44584
Advanced by Accomptant to the Duke of Norfolk for levy money of the Earl of Thanet's Regiment334147
Reformed officers and others under the warrant of 1686–7, Jan. 11,38614
Sundries905160
Stationery316135
Money lost in the hands of Thos. Price [by his failure], being for quarters in the Western Counties4,203170
(Total of Contingencies, 54,307l. 8s. 5½d.)
Deduction of a day's pay per an. for the years 1684 and 1685 for Chelsea Hospital (777l. 6s. 10d. and 1,575l. 12s. 3d.)2,352191
Accomptant's salary36400
532,615183

From 1685–6, Jan. 1, 1686, June 30

(Earl of Ranelagh. Paymaster General).

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrearsnil
Money out of the Exchequer242,400134
Money remitted out of Ireland15,00000

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Principal officers7,4793
First Troop of Guards and Grenadiers (Earl of Feversham)10,73968
Second ditto10,458156
Deduction of 12d. per £.5,15548
Third ditto10,458158
Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (Earl of Oxford nine Troops)14,94312
Queen Consort's Regiment of Horse (nine Troops)13,0380
Regiment of Horse (six Troops)8,87508
Ditto under Earl of Plymouth8,87508
Ditto under Major-Gen. Robert Werden8,847118
Ditto under James, Earl of Arran8,87508
Ditto under Charles, Earl of Shrewsbury8,87508
Ditto, Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment8,87508
Ditto, Queen Dowager's8,87508
Ditto under Lord Dover8,40408
First Regiment of Foot-Guards under Duke of Grafton (24 Companies, 1,920 soldiers)21,983148
Coldstream Regiment under Earl of Craven (12 Companies, 960 soldiers)11,154120
Royal Regiment of Foot Guards under Earl of Dumbarton (20 Companies, 1,000 soldiers and one Company of Grenadiers)10,292114
Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot (10 Companies, 500 soldiers and one Company of Grenadiers)5,948174
Prince George of Denmark's Regiment of Foot (12 Companies, 600 soldiers)6,95080
Holland Regiment of Foot (same)6,95080
Queen Consort's Regiment of Foot (same)5,948174
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Foot (10 Companies, 500 soldiers)5,41686
Marquess of Worcester's Regiment of Foot (same)5,41686
Duke of Norfolk's same5,41686
Sir Edward's Hales's same5,41686
Earl of Huntingdon's same5,41686
Col. Cornewall's same5,407511
Late Sir William Clifton's, now Col William Herbert's same5,40806
Earl of Bath's same5,58539
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers under Lord
Dartmouth (11 Companies 550 soldiers)7,388310
Royal Regiment of Dragoons under Visct. Cornbury (8 Troops, 400 soldiers)9,27308
Queen's Regiment of Dragoons (6 Troops, 300 soldiers)7,11968
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Dragoons under Col. John Berkeley (same)7,11968
Sixteen non-regimented Companies of Grenadiers, 13 thereof of 50 privates each and three thereof under Lord Arundell of Trerice, Sir J. Reresby and Capt, Rob. Holmes7,802156
(Total pay for the Guards and Land Forces, 288,033l. 13s. 11¾d.)
Garrisons:
Berwick4826
Carlisle161190
Chepstow1820
Chester126140
Calshot67176
Gravesend and Tilbury5428
Hull5004
Hurst Castle67176
Jersey90100
Landguard Fort90100
Guernsey7280
Holy Island2730
St. Mawes2730
Pendennis303187
Plymouth and St. Nicholas Island5954
Portsmouth7673
Sheerness447196
Scilly90100
Scarborough533
Tynemouth Castle and Clifford's Fort289120
Tower of London17392
Windsor18100
Isle of Wight63211
Upnor, Gillingham and Cockham Wood19920
YorkandClifford Tower24718
North Yarmouth5460
Gunners in St. James's Park67176
Lord Colepeper's compensation29710
Cinque Ports6922
Sundry reformed officers and soldiers817129
Rent of rooms in the Savoy3000
J. Mawgridge, drummajor-general1500
(Total of garrisons, 8.241l. 4s. 6½d.)
262,555180
Contingencies:
Fourth Troop of Guards under Lord Dover (192 privates and one Company of Grenadiers of eight officers and eight privates)1,475100
King's bounty and rewards3,09600
Labour of soldiers in Hyde Park116116
Clothes for disbanded recruits2,9591110
Fire and candle98803
Particular services1,7760
Seven Companies of Scots Guards under Col. James Douglas, in England 1686, May 1 to June 291,52164
Extra officers mustered in the Earl of Dumbarton's Royal Regiment of Foot more than were mustered in the Battalion of Scots Guards in England 1686, May 1, to June 30423190
Pensions45093
Reformed officers and disabled soldiers953170
(Total of contingencies, 13,761l. 5s. 6½d
310,0364

From 1686, July 1, to Dec. 31

(Earl of Ranelagh, Paymaster General).

Charge.

l.s.d
Arrearsnil.
Money out of the Exchequer346,38562
Money remitted out of Ireland15,00000
One third of the deduction of 12d. in the£5,0901410
Deductions for provisions [furnished for the encampment]9,226108

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplusage47,4806
General officers7,6021710
First Troop of Horse Guards and Grenadiers (Earl of Feversham)10,521148
Second ditto10,236108
Third ditto10,236108
Fourth ditto (Lord Dover)10,236108
Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (Earl of Oxford)15,190148
Queen Consort's Regiment of Horse13,25428
Earl of Peterborough's ditto9,02228
Earl of Plymouth's ditto9,02228
Major.-Gen. Werden's ditto9,02228
Earl of Arran's ditto9,02228
Earl of Shrewsbury's ditto9,02228
Princess Ann of Denmark's ditto9,02228
Queen Dowager's ditto9,02228
First Regiment of Foot Guards22,360120
Coldstream ditto11,33998
Royal Regiment of Foot [? erratum for 10,620l. 9s. 4d.]6,62094
Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot6,010144
Prince George of Denmark's ditto7,00700
Holland ditto7,00700
Queen Consort's ditto5,991108
Princess Ann of Denmark's ditto5,45040
Col. Hy. Cornwall's ditto5,451174
Marquess of Worcester's ditto5,45628
Earl of Lichfield's ditto5,42840
Earl of Huntingdon's ditto5,45840
Earl of Bath's ditto5,94800
Sir Edward Hales's ditto5,45148
Col. Herbert's ditto5,4498&8
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers7,748410
Royal Regiment of Dragoons (Visct. Cornbury)9,31438
Queen's ditto (Duke of Somerset)7,23768
Princess Anne of Denmark's ditto7,23768
Several Independent Companies of Grenadiers:
Sir Tho. Huggerston (July 1 to Aug. 31)17054
Capt. Peter Shakerly, Sir Robert Holmes and Capt. Edw. Villiers (1 July to Oct. 31)1,01000
Earl of Gainsbro, Capt. Carter, Capt. Godolphin (same period)1,010140
Christopher, Lord Hatton, and Thomas, Lord Jermin (same period)673134
Sir Christopher Musgrave (same period)336148
Capt. Sackville Tufton (same period)336194
Earl of Plymouth (same period)33700
Capt. Robt. Minors (same period)287140
Capt. Tho. Cheeke (same period)39569
Sir Jo. Reresby (same period)35832
Fourteen of the said Companies upon the
375,702128
muster commencing Nov. 1 and ending Dec. 312,3201010
(Total pay of the Guards and Land Forces, 289,638l. 5s. 9d.)
Garrisons:
List in substance, ut supra, p. lxxii, (but including two Companies of Foot in New England)9,24719
Contingencies:
Medicaments1,56622
Fire and candle2,15536
Carts and carriages3061510
Ferrymen46140
Sundry allowances45720
Stationery223104
Clothes for recruits and hauboyes1,99578
King's bounty and reward2,45412
Sundries2,971100
Pay of several Scotch officers with several Companies of Scotch Guards:
Twelve Companies of the Earl of Dunbarton's Regiment upon the muster July 1 to Aug. 30 and 52 officers etc. in the Battalion of the Royal Regiment of Foot in Scotland more than were mustered in the Battalion of the Scotch Guards now in England1,978108
Ditto upon the muster Sept. 1 to Oct. 311,94554
Ditto upon the muster Nov. 1 to Dec. 311,951120
(Total, 5,875l. 8s. 0d.)
J. Shales, Commissary of Provisions15,002510
379,421210¾

From 1686–7, Jan. 1, to 1687, Dec. 31

(Earl of Ranelagh).

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrearsnil.
Money out of the Exchequer589,038130
Money remitted out of Ireland30,00000

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplusage3,71810
General officers16,48742
First Troop of Horse Guards (Earl of Feversham)20,859144
One third of the deduction of 12d. per £10,243178
Second ditto (Duke of Northumberland)20,293194
Third ditto (Lord Churchill)20,220154
Fourth ditto (Lord Dover)20,293194
Royal Regiment of Horse (Earl of Oxford)30,130010
Queen Consort's ditto26,29234
Earl of Peterborough's ditto17,809810
Ditto under Earl of Plymouth and afterwards under Sir John Fenwick17,87884
Major-General Werden's ditto17,893510
Earl of Arran's ditto17,89734
Col. Rich. Hamilton's ditto17,873184
Princess Anne of Denmark's ditto17,89384
Queen Dowager's ditto17,86232
First Regiment of Foot Guards44,487180
Second ditto (Coldstream)22,587182
Royal Regiment of Foot13,1061010
Queen Dowager's Regi ment of Foot12,863100
Prince George of Denmark's ditto13,841140
Holland ditto (Sir T. Oglethorpe)13,860170
Queen Consort's ditto (Col. C. Trelawney)12,88386
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers (Lord Dartmouth)16,528174
Princess Anne of Denmark's Regiment of Foot10,79617
Col. Cornwall's ditto10,616105
Earl of Bath's ditto11,7961110
Marquess of Worcester's ditto11,3031710
Earl of Lichfield's ditto11,283192
Earl of Huntingdon's ditto11,296310
Sir Edw. Hales's ditto10,977188
Ditto under Col. Arthur Herbert and afterwards under Col. Sackville Tufton11,381166
Royal Regiment of Dragoons18,68734
Queen's ditto14,356134
Princess Anne of Denmark's ditto14,364610
Independent Companies.
Peter Shackerley (Grenadiers)82840
Col. Sackville Tufton (ditto)412148
Capt. Hy. Villiers (ditto)1,002155
Thos. Lord Jermin (ditto)494148
629,282108
Christopher Lord Hatton (ditto)49048
Four under Earl of Plymouth, Earl of Gainsborough, Capt. Francis Godolphin, Capt. Rich. Carter (ditto)1,978188
Capt. Thos. Cheeke (ditto)32800
Sir Christopher Musgrave (ditto)494148
Sir Robt. Holmes (ditto)1,002155
Sir J. Reresby (ditto)1,0611010
Capt. Robt. Minors (Foot)851134
(Total pay of Guards and Land Forces, 575,644l. 16s. 4d.)
Garrisons:
Items in substance, ut supra, p. lxxii17,5446
Contingencies:
Items on the lines of those supra, pp. lxx, xxiii28,3893
625,2961611¾

From 1687–8, Jan. 1, to 1689, April 30 (Earl of Ranelagh).

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains3,98513
Money out of the Exchequer1,165,432153
Money remitted from Ireland20,00000
Voluntary charge.
(1) Received out of the Treasury in Scotland in part of 2.190l. 2s. 0d. directed by the late King to be paid to this Accomptant93000
(2) Received of Mr. Walmesley of Lancashire by way of benevolence to the late King2,00000
(3) Received of Thos. Osborne, collector of Excise of Bristol1,30200
(4) Received of George Newton, ditto in co. Monmouth65000
(5) Received of Richard Tooth, ditto in co. Gloucester45400
(6) Received of the collector of Excise at Salisbury40000

Discharge.

l.s.d.
General officers22,22838
First Troop of Guards and Grenadiers (Earl of Feversham)26,74584
Second ditto (Duke of Northumberland)27,20320
Third ditto (Earl of Marlborough)27,16900
Fourth ditto (Henry, Lord Dover20,57722
Royal Regiment of Horse (Earl of Oxford . Col. J. Graham some time between Feb. and Dec.)39,88609
Queen Consort's Regiment of Horse37,361176
Earl of Peterborough's ditto25,065176
Ditto under Sir John Fen wick and then Lord Colchester25,331150
Ditto under Earl of Arran and then Col. Godfry25,37180
Ditto under Maj.-Gen. Werden19,38810
Ditto under Col. Hamilton and then Col. Coy25,248190
Princess Anne of Denmark's ditto25,388111
Queen Dowager's ditto25,26956
(7) Received of Anthony Row towards the pay of Regiments detailed3,83768
(8) Money received as deduction from John Clancy, agent to Col. Mac Elliyott's Regiment10000
Marquis de Miremont's ditto (6 Troops, 300 Troopers)5,246118
Charles, Lord Brandon's ditto (same; disbanded 1688–9, Jan. 4)4,89130
James, Earl of Salisbury's ditto (same; disbanded 1688–9, Jan. 7)
Col. Hy. Slingesby's ditto (same; disbanded same)3,37762
Col. George Holman's ditto (same; disbanded same)2,314120
Henry, Lord Delamere's ditto6,78400
William, Lord Cavendish's ditto6,78400
Sir Thomas Barton's Troop of Horse (disbanded 1688–9, Jan. 4)477190
First Regiment of Foot Guards (Duke of Grafton and then Hy., Visct. Sidney)57,74092
Second ditto Coldstream (Earl of Craven with four additional Companies)34,03546
Royal Regiment of Foot (Earl of Dumbarton and then Duke of Schomberg: with four new Companies and one Company of Grenadiers)33,14944
Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot (with two Companies of Grenadiers added and 10 men to each Company19,950162
Prince of Denmark's Regiment of Foot (with 10 men added to each Company)18,13216
Holland Regiment of i Foot (additions as above)19,87254
Queen Consort's Regiment of Foot (two Companies of Grenadiers added and 10 men to each Company)19,838187
Royal Regiment of Fusiliers (10 men added to each Company)23,158122
Princess Ann of Denmark's Regiment of Foot (with one additional Company and several recruits)16,50368
Col. John Cornwall's Regiment of Foot (with 10 men added to each Company)18,27450
Earl of Bath's Regiment of Foot (with two additional Companies and 12 added to each Company)18,27134
Regiment of Foot under the Earl of Montgomery and then Sir John Hanmore (with the like additions)18,081136
Ditto under Earl of Lichfield and then Col. Hy. Wharton (with like additions)18,239310
Ditto under Earl of Huntingdon and then Col. Ferdinand Hast ings (with like additions)18,47286
Ditto under Sir Edw. Hales and then Col. William Beveridge (with like additions)17,37712
Ditto under Col. Sackville Tufton and then Sir James Leslie (with like additions)18,322134
Ditto under Col. John Hales (with like additions)16,464156
Ditto under Col. Roger Mac Elligott (raised 1688, May ; disbanded 1688–9, Jan. 8)9,39082
Ditto under Col. Solomon Richards (raised in Oct., 1688)8,578138
Ditto under Col. Bevill Skelton: ut supra8,7191510
Ditto under Sir John Guise (raised in Jan. [1688–9])4,638142
Ditto under Earl of Monmouth (same)4,741176
Ditto under Col. Francis Russell (same)4,641156
Ditto under Sir David Colyear: from 1688, Nov8,063114
Ditto under Earl of Leven4,6481710
Ditto under Henry, Duke of Newcastle (raised Oct., 1688 ; disbanded Dec.)2,656152
Ditto under Col. Hy. Gage (same)1,844122
Ditto under Col. John Carne: 1688, Nov., to 1688–9, Jan. 71,278112
Ditto under Col. Robert Hodges (raised Oct., 1688)8,691182
Ditto under Col. Gustavus Hamilton, lately Sir Rob. Peyton (six Companies, 300 soldiers): from 1688, Nov.3,161180
Royal Regiment of Dragoons (with 10 additional to each Troop).26,073120
Queen Consort's ditto (same)19,943166
Princess Ann of Denmark's ditto (same)20,06900
Col. Francis Wahup's Regiment of Foot: from 1688, April, when they landed in Scotland, to the 24 th of the same month, when they entered into Scots' pay1,25116
Scots' Horse and Foot:
Troop of Scots Guards (Earl of Drumlanrig: 118 gentlemen)4,7681210
Royal Regiment of Scots Horse (Earl of Selkirk: 294 privates)7,19176
Lieut. Gen. James Douglasse's Battalion of Scots Guards according to the warrant of 1686, July 22 (13 Companies, 1,027 privates)14,894186
Col. Thomas Buchan's Regiment of Scots Foot (Scots Regiment of Foot) (same warrant: 13 Companies, 650 soldiers)10,26620
Sir Thomas Levingston's Regiment of Scots Dragoons (six Troops, 294 men)6,606100
(Total of Scots Horse and Foot in English pay,43,727l. 10s. 0d.)
Irish Foot and Dragoons:
Duke of Ormonde: Battalion of Irish Foot Guards in England (six Companies and one Company of Grenadiers: Nov. 1 to Jan. 6)1,21256
Col. Anth. Hamilton's Regiment of Foot (12 Companies and one Company of Grenadiers: same date)2,2631410
Sir John Edgworth (ditto: Nov. 1 to April 30)6,927156
Col. John Butler: Regiment of Irish Dragoons (10 Troops: Nov. 1 to Jan. 6)3,481106
(Total for Irish Foot and Dragoons in English pay, 13,885l. 6s. 4d.)
Independent Companies:
Sir J. Reresby8751510
Sir R. Holmes1,05670
Capt. Peter Shackerly (until its incorporation with Sir E. Hales's Regiment, 1688, April 30)330148
Capt. Robt. Minors1,13400
Capt. Edw. Braughall (until its incorporation with Col. Bevil Skelton's Regiment, 1688, Dec. 1)144190
Capt. John Sibly(raised 1688, Oct.; disbanded 1688–9, Jan.)19344
Capt. William Gibbons (same)20714
Capt. Elias Be'ake (same)7228
Capt. Francis Ingolsby (same)9438
Capt. Morrice Flynn (same)172110
Capt. Math. Smith (same)237132
Capt. Anthony Power (same)221158
Capt. Hy. Davies (same)25374
(Total pay of Guards and Land Forces, 993,096l. 3s. l1d.)
Garrisons:
Berwick1,09811
Carlisle387100
Chepstow72180
Chester34040
Cinque Ports1,838810½
Calshot Castle18250
Dartmouth54180
Guernsey19480
Gravesend and Tilbury1,4569
Hull and blockhouse1,3141611½
Holy Island72180
Hurst Castle18250
Jersey24300
Landguard Fort24300
St. Mawes72180
Pendennis9740
Plymouth1,5984
Portland222150
Portsmouth1,4991
Sheemess1,202170
1,199,09115
Scilly24300
Scarborough142153
Tynemouth and Clifford's Fort777120
Tower of London2,43428
Upnor etc534120
Windsor48600
Isle of Wight1,6989
North Yarmouth145160
Governor of York501610½
Lord Colepeper601123
Two Companies of Foot in New England2,77040
Gunners in St. James's Park18250
Gunners in the Medway120160
Additional gunners in the Medway205140
Gunners at Woolwich.84140
(Total of garrison, 23,303l. ls. 7¼d.)
Contingencies:
Bounty and rewards3,52518
Medicaments1,145136
Fire and candle2,259196
Ferrymen at Fulham, Lambeth & Datchet97159
Stationery wares48776
Clothes and liveries2,93760
Repairs, Horse Guards1,136117
Sundry services4,38778
Sundries14,544710
(Total of contingencies, 30,522l. 7s. 6½d.)
Paid to the Earl of Monmouth's and Col.Earle's (late Col. Luttrell's) Regiments2,917170
Paid upon account to be rendered only to his Majesty: Mr. Benlench, 1,000l.; Lord Dartmouth,700l.; Henry Powle, 1,140l.; Monsieurlsaac, 6,000l.; Ann Vangolstein, 1,000l.; Jacob Vanderesch, 162,500l172,34000
Money paid without accompt under warrant of 1689, April 104,00000
Remainder of 200l. advanced to Major O'Connor14210
Paid to reformed and disabled officers4,68600
1,258,75811
The Accomptant further claims 4,398l. l1s. 5ld. as the remainder of 12,249l. 1s. 1d. by him paid to Commissary General Shales for Hounslow Heath encampment in 1687 : towards which he has only deducted from Army pay 7,850l. 9s. 7½d.

(6) Ordnance Accounts.

From 1685, June 30, to 1686, June 30.

(C. Bertie, Treasurer and Paymaster.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (remains)3,77417
Ditto (supers)78,80214
Money out of the Exchequer70,80000
Voluntary charge4,89286
158,2691910½
Wages etc. of principal officers, armourers, engineers, fireworkers, gunners etc.13,231176
Emptions and provisions, viz. of:
Powder655100
Shot70109
Small arms and repairs.10,9231610
Ship carriages and standing carriages1,9321711½
Sundry provisions15,056197
Artificers and tradesmen6,394172
Repairs of castles and forts13,8475l0¾
Sundry disbursements6,87518
Rewards1,889127
Land and water carriage1,58966
Salaries827510
Travelling charges1,13076
Rent of houses55026
Ordinary allowances1500
75,62256

From 1686, June 30, to 1687, June 30.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (remains)2561810¼
Ditto (supers)82,39015
Money out of the Exchequer95,40411
Voluntary charge1,80617
179,859211

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Wages etc. ut supra11,03050
Emptions and provisions, viz. of :
Powder6,86000
Shot4,06012
Ordnance1,04563
Tents2,575149
Carriage for ordnance1,6911
Small arms13,412197
Sundry provisions14,2541510½
Land and water carriage989195
Sundry disbursements6,7841411½
Reparations of castles and forts26,37008
Rent of houses48400
Rewards1,953140
Salaries7481411
Travelling charges1,83095
Ordinary allowances1500
94,10715

From 1687, June 30, to 1688, June 30.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (remains)4,43334
Ditto (supers)81,318311½
Money out of the Exchequer97,8279 9
Voluntary charge2,17316

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Wages etc. ut supra11,37700
Emptions and provisions, viz. of:
A mortar piece8000
Granado shot3,42366
Powder4,51500
185,752138
Shot1,0371
Match259811
Tents and toils2,8188
Carriages for Ordnance2,91516 3
Small guns and small arms16,865164
Sundry provisions11,97510
Reparations of castles and forts25,86225
Land and water carriage1,941166
Sundry disbursements8,1446
Rent of houses55650
Rewards1,73714
Salaries1,26736
Travelling charges4,13618
Ordinary allowances1568
98,9292

From 1688, June 30, to 1689, June 30.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (remains)2,11317
Ditto (supers)84,70913l1½
Money out of the Exchequer127,50610
Voluntary charge1,5268l1½
215,85610

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Wages etc. ut supra7,923126
Emptions and provisions, viz. of :
Powder5,11014
Shot2,60910
Ordnance1,0613
Carriages2,09335
Tents2,2221
Small arms8,2171811
Sundry provisions5,81419
Sundry artificers and tradesmen22,178173
Repairs of castles and forts21,685811½
Sundry disbursements4,23513
Rewards1,785410
Land and water carriage4,68980
Salaries1,69182
Travelling charges916153
Rent of houses45204
Ordinary allowances1568
92,70370

(7) Cofferer of the Household.

From 1685, June 30 (the day of the death of Henry, Visct. Brouncker, the previous Cofferer), to 1686, Sept. 30.

(Sir Peter Apsley.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains (not charged)
Ready money out of the Exchequer66,80000
Remains of provisions (not charged)

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Diet and maintenance of the Household and Stables78,8771210
Writing of this account3000
Received of the executors of William Ashburnham, late Cofferer, and from William Whitmore & partners.873170
Beer etc. sold8324
67,756194
Dr. William Holder, subalmoner, for the King's daily alms27440
Diet and expense of the King at Windsor, Winchester, on progress etc.10,4531810¼
Remains of provisions in the various offices of the Household etc. (not credited)
89,65615

From 1686, Sept. 30, to 1687, Sept. 30.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Money out of the Exchequer76,11866
Beer etc. sold259
Remains of provisions etc. (not charged)
76,14316

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplusage21,39916
Diet and expense of the Household and Stables63,39817
Writing of this account.2100
Auditor's fee3000
Dr. William Holder, for the King's daily alms21900
Divers tradesmen and creditors11,9804
97,048183

From 1687, Sept. 30, to 1688, Dec. 31.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Money out of the Exchequer124,32218
Remains of provisions (not charged)
Forinsec receipts (from Thomas Pechey, Thos. Neale and Hugh Mayo)59114
124,913196

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplusage20,9052
Diet and expenses of the Household & Stables81,957141¾½
Writing of this accompt4200
Auditor's fee6000
John,Bishop of Adramyti, the King's almoner, for the King's daily alms274160
To Sir Stephen Fox11000
Divers tradesmen and creditors20,9940
Remains of provisions etc. (not credited)
124,343133½¼

(8) Treasurer of the Chamber.

From 1685, Michaelmas, to 1686, Michaelmas.

(Edward, afterwards Lord, Griffin.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (not stated)
Money out of the Exchequer39,247132

Discharge.

l.s.d.
King's daily alms565141
Trumpeters17500
Musicians1,56000
Falconers55100
Huntsmen of the Privy Buckhounds1,32000
Huntsmen of the foxhounds48000
Huntsmen of his Majesty's harriers80000
Foresters or officers of the King's forests36100
Jewel House officers38250
Moletaker818
Ratkiller4834
Cofferbearers54150
Grooms of the Chamber40000
Groom Porter55000
Yeomen ushers to the House of Peers109100
Yeomen ushers to the King8000
Yeomen hangers6000
Bedgoers to his Majesty.2000
Waiters on his Majesty's robes2000
Rich coat keepers2000
Pond keeper in St. James's Park3000
Theatre keeper3000
Gallery keepers109100
Housekeeper at Whitehall65000
Ditto at Windsor25000
Ditto at Hampton Court30000
Keeper of the house, gardens and wardrobe at Greenwich22500
Keeper of the Standing Wardrobe at Whitehall20000
Ditto of ditto at Windsor16000
Ditto of ditto and of the Privy Lodgings at Hampton Court20000
Ditto of the house at Audley End25000
Ditto of the house and wardrobe at Newmarket20000
Housekeeper and gardener at Richmond15300
Signor Verrio, keeper of the Great Garden at St. James's Park40000
Gardener of St. James's house garden9150
Keeper of the gardens and bowling green at Hampton Court7300
Officers of the Removing Wardrobe79000
Clerk of the Wardrobes.16000
Yeoman of the Wardrobe at St. James's11000
Physicians of the King and Household1,38900
Apothecaries ditto1,16000
Chirurgeons ditto1,09484
Messengers997100
Pensions32000
Total [not struck]
Watermen21000
Yeomen of the Guard5,619198
Payments on Council warrants136134
Payments on Lord Chamberlain's warrants[1,903120]
Bills of allowance699211
Watermen's bills239110
Ordinary allowance6368
Total [not struck]

[Account not declared.]

From 1686, Mich., to 1687, Mich.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (not stated)
Money out of the Exchequer33,04981

Discharge.

l.s.3.
King's alms56730
Serjeant trumpeter16000
Musicians for the violin.1,56000
Falconers55100
Huntsmen (privy buckhounds)1,34150
Ditto (foxhounds)48000
Ditto (harriers)80000
Officers of the forest36100
Ditto of the Jewel House38250
Ditto of the Removing Wardrobe95000
Physicians of the King and Household1,38900
Apothecaries ditto1,16000
Chirurgeons ditto1,381184
Antonio Verrio, chief and first painter to the King (two years on 2001. per an.)40000
Jeremy Gohory, dancing master to the late King45000
Moletaker818
Ratkiller4834
Nurseryman and pond keeper3000
Theatre keeper3000
Gallery keepers109100
Rich coat keepers2000
Cofferbearers54150
Bedgoers2000
Waiters on the Robes2000
Messengers of the Chamber997100
Grooms of the Chamber.39000
Groom porter55000
Repairer of bridges4500
Yeomen ushers of the House of Peers109100
Ushers and yeomen hangers attending the King14000
Annuities and pensions32000
Clockmaker and watchmaker45000
Housekeepers, wardrobe keepers avid gardeners4,26250
Total (not struck)
Watermen21000
Officers and yeomen of the Guard of the Body5,90650
Issues by Council warrant146134
Ditto by Lord Chamberlain's warrant4,893163
Watermen's bills63619
Messengers' bills2,13624
Ordinary allowances37780
Total (not struck)

[Account not declared.]

From 1687, Mich., to 1688, Christmas.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (not stated)
Money out of the Exchequer48,5707

Discharge.

l.s.d.
King's alms568121
Trumpeters20000
Musicians1,60000
Falconers54100
Huntsmen (privy buckhounds)1,84150
Ditto (foxhounds)712100
Ditto (harriers)1,00000
Foresters2776
Jewel House officers38250
Moletaker818
Ratkiller6042
Cofferbearers6889
Grooms of the Chamber48000
Groom porter687100
Repairer of bridges1500
Yeomen ushers to the House of Peers136170
Yeomen ushers to the King9500
Yeomen hangers7000
Bedgoers to the King2500
Waiters on the King's Robes2500
Rich coat keepers22100
Pond keeper37100
Theatre keeper3000
Gamekeeper2500
Gallery keepers12339
Clockmaker and watchmaker25000
Locksmith63176
Housekeepers, wardrobe keepers and gardeners1,69750
Officers of the Removing Wardrobe1,097100
Yeoman to the Wardrobe at St. James's137100
Physicians to the King and Household1,59650
Apothecaries ditto1,32500
Chirurgeons ditto1,39305
Verrio, chief painter25000
Messengers of the Chamber1,271163
Jeremy Gohory, dancing master20000
Total (not struck)
Pensioner footmen and falconers32000
Watermen25976
Yeomen of the Guard7,023150
Duke of St. Alban313150
Payments by Council warrants 13000
Ditto by Lord Chamberlain's warrant7,499175
Stationers690110
Watermen's bills57676
Messengers' bills5,794126
Ordinary allowances21368
Total (not struck)

[Account not declared.]

(9) Works Paymster.

Philip Packer's final account for extraordinaries, including the rebuilding the Privy Gallery at Whitehall.

From 1685, April 1, to 1686, Dec. 24.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrearsnil.
Remains unpaid to sundry tradesmen6,216111½
Money out of the Exchequer42,891168
Value of provisions out of the stores89170
49,19715

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplusage12,50415
Rebuilding the Privy Gallery at Whitehall29,3581611¾
Stable repairs at Newmarket114118
Money formerly charged as received and afterwards discharged by privy seal2,4761811½
Money repaid into the Exchequer3,0616
Ordinary allowances10700
47,6239

From 1685, April 1, to 1686, March 30.

[Account missing.]

From 1686, April 1, to 1687, Mar. 31.

(Thomas Lloyd, Paymaster.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrears (first account)nil.
Money out of the Exchequer19,163163
Value of provisions out of the stores2000

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Payments on several former accounts of the late Paymaster12,93010
Works etc. at the Tower14119
Ditto, Whitehall1,821910
Ditto, St. James's30511
Ditto, Westminster5774
Ditto, Hampton Court66719
Ditto, Greenwich210610
Ditto, Newmarket56710
Ditto, Audley End7768
Officers of the Works1,152125
19,183163
Extraordinary works at St. James's227611½
Exchequer fees etc.68106
Ordinary allowances6200
18,47810ll¾

From 1687, April 1, to 1688, Mar. 31.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains7055
Money out of the Exchequer83639
Value of provisions out of the stores35172
Received of the Paymaster of the Forces for building a sutlery at the main Guard in Scotland Yard640100
2,21716

Discharge.

Payments on several former accounts of the late Paymaster14,3946
Works etc. at the Tower92718
Ditto, Whitehall3,30812
Ditto, St. James's33519
Ditto, Westminster1520
Ditto, Hampton Court1,5551
Ditto, Greenwich37115
Ditto, Newmarket6306
Ditto, Winchester597110
Officers of the Works1,154182
Extraor dinar ies.
Guard Chamber at Whitehall3586
Ditto at the Mews31217
Public paving13702
Chapel of the Tower of London22211
Chapel on Hounslow Heath50519
Audley End62515
King's progress9314
Queen's progress to Bath9826
Paid by virtue of Treasury warrants4301710
Ordinary allowances6200
25,7076

From 1688, April 1, to 1689, Mar. 31.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Money out of the Exchequer17,473181
Value of provisions out of the stores1991511
Value of timber sold689120

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus23,48910
Works etc. at the Tower21216
Ditto, Whitehall2,66468
Ditto, St. James's4451810¼
Ditto, Westminster41812
Ditto, Hampton Court1,6343
Ditto, Greenwich193177
Ditto, Winchester10059
Ditto, Newmarket6788
Extraordinaries:
Audley End13694
New-building the sutlery at Whitehall64111
Fitting up Hampton Court for the Princess of Denmark446133
Paving6224
18,36360
Altering and fitting up the King's house at Richmond1,81316
Altering and fitting up Mr. Ronche's and Mr. Le Croy's lodgings at St. James's69477
New building for the guns at Whitehall adjoining the Privy Gallery3727
Raising higher the butlery building in Whitchall1,7413
Reparations in the Mews688
Reparing the dial in the Privy Garden15000
Officers of the Works1,20726
Trees and plants bought of Signor Verrio76680
Votary keeper56134
Repairs in St. James's Park2895
Ordinary allowances6200
38,29511

(10) Wardrobe Accounts.

From 1685, Sept. 29, to 1686, Sept. 29.

(Visct. Preston, Keeper.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Money out of the Exchequer13,36948
13,36948

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Emptions and necessaries by royal warrant16,63117
Fees and wages2,850710
Annual liveries and payments58132
Usual allowances10190
19,55117

From 1686, Sept. 29, to 1687, Sept. 29.

(Account missing.)

From 1687, Sept. 29, to 1688, Sept. 29.

(Account missing.)

From 1688, Sept. 29, 1689, Sept. 29.

(Ralph, Earl Montague, keeper.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrearsnil.
Money out of the Exchequer25,107130

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Surplus23,78915
Emptions and necessaries by royal warrant17,4461210¼
25,107130
Payments by patent and by dormant warrant478134
Liveries to officers of Exchequer and Wardrobe17386
Fees and wages62915
Usual allowances10190
Provisions and work for the Coronation of William and Mary9,73817
Clerk of Wardrobe2000
52,2881

(11) Robes Accounts.

From 1685, Lady day, to 1686, Lady day.

(Arthur Herbert, Gentgleman and Master of the Robes.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remainsnil.
Money out of the Exchequer3,78043
3,78043

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Suits, cloaks and other apparel for the King's wearing82164
Silks, cloth, silver, work, point lace, gloves ribbons, periwigs, hats, belts, swords, hose, shoes etc. for the king etc.1,08863
House rent3000
Payments by particular warrant3500
Auditor's allowance3500
Payments for royal robes for the Coronation1,69522
Exchequer fees27160
3,732109

From 1686, Mar. 25, to 1687, Mar. 25.

Charge.

l.s.d.
Remains47136
Money out of the Exchequer2,85000
2,897136

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Robes and apparel for the King and several of his servants and other charges of the Office of Robes2,256910
Ordinary allowance603100
Money paid into the Exchequer to balance this account37138
2,897136

From 1687, Mar. 25, to 1688, Dec. 25.

(Lord Thomas Howard, Gentleman and Master of the Robes.)

Charge.

l.s.d.
Arrearsnil.
Money out of the Exchequer3,50000
3,50000

Discharge.

l.s.d.
Necessaries and provisions for the King's robes etc.3,53207
House rent52100
Fees at the Exchequer and Treasury107199
Auditor's allowance17100
3,71004

The above tables of expenditure speak for themselves, and in doing so they afford the moral justification of the revolution of 1688. They show that the greater part of the additional revenue which James enjoyed was spent on the Army. In view of the statements which are widely made as to James's solicitude for the Navy and in view of James's own language on the subject when addressing his Parliament, we should have expected that whatever excess of revenue he received over and above that enjoyed by Charles II he would have spent on the Navy. The above tables do not bear out this idea at all.

It would be difficult to average Charles's naval expenditure, but roughly for the whole reign I should put it down at 400,000l. per an. James's expenditure on this head averages a little more, but not much.

On the other hand, James's expenditure on his Army shows an enormous increase. Charles's normal establishment for the Forces (Guards and Garrisons) was about 200,000l. per an.; James's establishment averages over 530,000l. per an. even excluding the last half year (1688, Mich., to 1699, Easter). The almost stereotyped composition of the Land Forces under Charles (it will be understood, of course, that I am speaking only of the English establishment) was three Troops of Guards, one Regiment of Horse Guards, one Troop of Dragoons and four Regiments of Foot Guards—in all not quite 4,500 men, not including officers. The garrisons numbered normally in all about 1,500 men. The total force, therefore, for both Guards and Garrisons was 6,000 men plus officers. This standing Army Charles never increased. The expeditionary Forces new raised for the intended war with the French King were raised by direct Parliamentary sanction and were disbanded in accordance with Parliamentary desires. The only apparent increase in the standing Army under Charles took place in the last year of his life, and this was not a real increase, but nominal only. It consisted simply in taking on to the English establishment the returning Garrison of Tangier when Tangier was abandoned (see the Introduction to the preceding Vol. VII of this Calendar, pp. lxvii-lxviii). These Tangier Regiments had been previously on the Irish establishment.

It is therefore an absolute fact that Charles never in his reign increased the standing Army.

Under James, however, an enormous increase took place. The full details of the increase will be found set out supra, pp. lxv seq. The increase consisted ultimately of a Fourth Troop of Guards, eight Regiments of Horse, twelve Regiments of Foot, three Regiments of Dragoons and fourteen Independent Companies of Grenadiers. At a very reasonable estimate James more than trebled Charles's standing Army. The pretext for the increase was of course furnished by Monmouth's rebellion, but the speciousness of that pretext need hardly be pointed out, for the greater part of the increase took place after the rebellion was over. In James's hands this disproportionate Land Force was a menace not to France but to the liberties of England, and what the Revolution of 1688 accomplished was simply the inversion of these terms. The increased Army which James had raised was not disbanded in 1689. By the harmonious action of William III and the Parliament the increased Army was maintained and was simply made a menace to France and thereby a protection to the liberties of England. A careful study of the details of James's Army increase will show how efficiently though unintentionally he had prepared the ground or the machinery for the greater Army of William's campaigns and how enormously he thereby facilitated the establishment of William's Government by the elimination of such Parliamentary friction as would certainly have arisen over a new or de novo increase of the standing Forces.

Wm. A. Shaw.

Footnotes

1 There are many unwritten chapters in the complicated story of the English Customs duties. That relating to the duties on tobacco and sugars is an instance. Duties on these commodities appear in all the printed Books of Rates (viz. of the years 1611, 1642, 1660 and 1671). Such duties, therefore, would form part of the general corpus of " Customs and Subsidy " which at the commencement of a new reign was granted en bloc to the new Sovereign. But in the middle of Charles II's reign the Act for the Greenland and Eastland trade (25 Car. II, c. 7) conditionally imposed certain duties on sugars, tobacco, wool, indigo etc. of the growth of the English Plantations. These duties were to be paid at the port of shipment or export [that is in the Plantations] in cases where the shipper refused to give bond to bring the goods to England. The Act does not impose these duties in the English ports, but that they were levied at the English ports on importation is clear from the fact that from 1676 the Customs Cashier's accounts contain separate headings of receipts from Plantation goods [in England] and from ditto [in Plantation ports]. There appears to be no legal justification for this. The duties instituted by the above votes of 1 James II can only be regarded as additional to this Plantation bond duty. If this is so, there were three concurrent and cumulative rates on sugars and tobacco under James II, viz. (1) the Book of Rates duty; (2) Charles II's Plantation duty; (3) James' II's additional duty.
2 Sic? 237,998l. 8s. 11d.
3 Of which 202,175l. represented loans repaid to the city and to C. Duncombe
4 Proper to the account of the preceding year ended 1684, June 24.
5 "Paid in further part of the debt of 549,747l. 9s. 0¼d. which was due by tallys on the three great branches on the 6th of Feb., 1684–5."
6 Rest of book torn out bodily.
7 There is a double series of accounts for Wine Licences, corresponding apparently to the system of General and Cash Accounts in the case of the Customs and Excise. The account here printed is probably the Cash Account. The parallel [? General] Account is very imperfect and impossible to give for the whole reign of James II.