The Text and Introduction of this Volume were prepared
and passed through the Press more than five years ago by
the late Dr. W. A. Shaw. The Index is the work of Mr. W.
G. Santer, M.B.E., formerly of this Department.
Dr. Shaw was appointed Editor of the Calendar of Treasury
Books and Papers in April 1895 : and edited five volumes in
this series covering the years 1729 to 1745. It was then decided
to fill the large gap for the years 1660 to 1728 caused by the
fact that a Calendar of the Treasury Papers only for those years,
edited by Joseph Redington, had been previously published
(1868 to 1889) in six volumes. The first volume of a new series
of Treasury Books appeared accordingly in 1904 and at the time
of Dr. Shaw's lamented death in April 1943 nineteen Volumes (fn. 1)
had been published, some of them in several parts, taking the
Calendar down to March 1705. The text of another thirteen
volumes, of which the present is the first, continuing the
Calendar to the end of 1718, had been wholly completed, and
Introductions to the first six of these were also virtually complete :
the delay in publication was of course due to the war.
It is felt that it will be no more than a fitting conclusion to the
labour of nearly fifty years which Dr. Shaw devoted to the
service of the Department to issue this material in the form in
which he left it : adding only to the six Introductions such
purely factual matter as he had himself indicated his intention
of supplying. In the volumes to which he left no Introductions
no attempt will be made to continue his surveys of the evolution
of the Nation's Financial Administration. Apart from
any other considerations, these essays, which had grown in
the course of years to considerable proportions, are rather
summaries of his own conclusions than explanatory introductions
to the matter contained in the volumes to which they
are prefixed : and the fact that Dr. Shaw carried out these most
intricate and discouraging investigations not only with generally
acknowledged success but also in an agreeable style and
with the greatest interest and zest, is only another reason for
deciding not to attempt the continuance of so personal a
performance by another hand.
There is, however, one other element in Dr. Shaw's later
Introductions which must be continued, namely, the printing
of the Accounts of the National Revenue and Expenditure and the
Declared Accounts, without which, as he once put it, 'the merely
administrative side of the Treasury work would be comparatively
meaningless or certainly difficult to follow'. In the earlier
volumes of the series — which were inevitably to some extent
experimental — the presentation of these supplementary materials
was tentative and, unfortunately, incomplete. But gradually
a set plan was evolved and in the separately published
volume containing the Joint Introduction to Volumes XI to
XVII they are assembled for the first time in avowed appendix
form under the title 'Appendix of Accounts', an arrangement
to which Dr. Shaw thereafter consistently adhered. There
was a parallel evolution in their treatment : the highly summarized
abstracts of the earliest volumes change, with Volume
IX, into slightly abridged transcripts of the originals themselves ;
and in the unpublished volumes Dr. Shaw appears to
be feeling his way towards a more logical internal arrangement.
It is clearly most desirable that publication of the Declared
and other Accounts, which are related to the Treasury Records
made available in these volumes, should be continuous and,
whatever method of presentation is adopted, comprehensive :
and it is hoped therefore to issue in due course supplementary
volumes which will both continue their publication for
the dates covered by the Calendar and bring in those omitted
or inadequately dealt with in Dr. Shaw's earlier volumes.
Public Record Office.
28 April 1948.