Declared Accounts
Post Office


Institute of Historical Research



William A. Shaw and F. H. Slingsby (editors)

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'Declared Accounts: Post Office', Calendar of Treasury books, Volume 32: 1718 (1962), pp. CCCLII-CCCLVIII. URL: Date accessed: 20 November 2014.


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Post Office


AUDIT OFFICE: BUNDLE 1961, ROLL 50 [A.O.1/1961/50].

Arthur Onslow, Receiver General of the General Letter Office and Penny Post Office.

25 March 1717 to 25 March 1718.

Arrears: depending on several persons at Ladyday 16852,12560
depending on divers Postmasters etc. of the General Letter Office at Ladyday 171751,4458
depending on several persons of the Penny Post Office1,8264
and upon several other persons in arrear671141
Receipts: revenue and profits of the General Post Office, 25 March 1717 to 25 March 1718:
in the Foreign Office [of the General Post Office]:
the produce of the letters brought in by the mails; by months
letters to and from Portugal, not included in the above; by quarters57656
received for freight of passengers between Holland and Harwich, as by the accompt of Capt. John Phillipson; three quarters to Michaelmas 171712820
received for freight of passengers, goods and horses between Dover, Calais and Ostend, as by the accompt of Capt. Charles Lovell; same time17050
received for passengers between Lisbon and Falmouth and for carriage, as by the accompt of John Penhallow; year to Michaelmas 1717259192
received for freight of passengers between Lisbon, Falmouth and the Groine and for postage of letters, as by the accompt of Joseph Durden; Michaelmas quarter 171568146
received from the Transport Office for carrying soldiers in packet boats13200
received at Dover for letters from Calais, delivered by Charles Lovell; year to Ladyday 1718700
received of John Six of Amsterdam by virtue of his contract with the Lords Burgomasters there, for freight between England and Amsterdam; same time1,20000
in the Inland Office [of the General Post Office]:
money received for letters at the Inland window; by months
money received of Letter Carriers; ditto32390
the produce of letters sent up from the Country; ditto57,931119
the produce of letters sent from London into the Country; ditto75,603410
way letters taken in at one stage and delivered at another, farmed to divers Postmasters:
John Stuckly of Plymouth
Anne Hayman of Dartmouth2000
James Backley of Totness1000
Abraham Hackett of Blanford300
Mary Coven of Dorchester600
Henry Paine of Salisbury400
Moses Baxter of Portsmouth700
Robert Rodham of Berwick400
John Bell of Newcastle3000
Nicholas Paxton of Durham1000
John Willson of Darlington500
Elizabeth Harker of Northallerton900
Barbara Thwaites of Great Abridge [Greta Bridge]200
William Mann of Borough Bridge500
Katherine Dawson of York4000
Mary Mould of Hull5000
Robert Pattison of Beverley400
John Herring of Newark500
Anne Wharton of Gainsborough2400
John Sharp of Grantham500
William Wyatt of Boston1000
John Rushton of Spalding1000
Edward Tinkerson of Peterborough100
John Exton of Lynn2000
(total for way-letters 514l. 0s. 0d.)
the produce of the cross-road; by quarters to Xmas 17173,556135
money received for letters from Chester to Dublin; by half years to Ladyday 171875935
ditto for letters from Holy Head to Dublin; ditto13176
ditto for the port of expresses sent into the Country; year to Ladyday 1718175711
ditto for ditto sent by the several Postmasters to London179116
ditto for by-letters in the Chester Road; same time75214
ditto for letters short-taxed; same time0160
in the North British Office [of the General Post Office]:
Midsummer 1715 to Ladyday 1717
Ladyday quarter 171885539
in the Irish Office [of the General Post Office]:
half year to Michaelmas 1717
half year to Ladyday 17188,136181
(total for the General Post Office 192,932l. 17s. 9d.)
revenue and profits of the Penny Post Office, 25 March 1717 to 25 March 1718:
the produce of 905,840 letters taken in by the Officers of the Penny Post Office at 1d. a letter
the produce of the second 1d. on 69,664 letters taken in by the said Officers and directed and delivered to persons in the Country29054
gain by the sale of South Sea Stock and Interest on the same received from Mrs. Margaret Lilly, Executrix of Stephen Lilley the late Receiver General:
profit on sale of 727l. 7s. 3d. Stock
2½ years interest to Xmas 171610921
surcharge: money deducted from Mr. Chapman of St. Neots to make good an overpayment of salary7100
overpayments to Ladyday 1718:
Edward Wood of Wells
Lucy Downes of Hertford Bridge2285
Grace Alder of Belford1113
William Wimberley of Postwitham4811
John Simson of Bourne4110
Eleanor Fox of Stilton405
Thomas Sanson of Hownslow5193
Richard Holding of Nettlebed4101
John Boucher of Pickadilly2000
Maurice Parry of Holyhead111510
Margaret Backley of Beaumaris2209
John Draper of Conway1247
William Rodes of Barton2114
Richard Lloyd of Sarpley850
Richard Davis of Fenny Stratford239
Edward Salmon of Dunstable71810
Cornelius Chapman of Barnet1548
John Tranter of Aldersgate Street1500
Thomas Willson of Leadenhall Street1150
Edward Marshall of Wickham617
Jeremiah Ford of Southwark1150
Charles Timson of Long Lane2473
Thomas Banks of Halston4149
William Alamonde of the Brill15000
Samuel Martin of Epping61411
Monsieur Richards of Paris2,633189
(total charge and receipts [viz. Arrears 56,068l. 13s.d.; General Letter Office receipts 192,932l. 17s. 9d.; Penny Post Office receipts 4,064l. 12s.; South Sea Stock 141l. 10s. 4d.; surcharge 7l. 10s. 0d. over payments 3,016l. 5s. 0d.])
Abatements out of the general charge and revenue of the Post Office within the time of this Accompt:
Country letters brought from foreign parts and from the Deputy Postmasters in England, first charged in London and then sent as directed to persons in the Country, whereby the growing Duty in those parts is increased and charged on the Deputy Postmasters: in the Foreign Office 3,887l. 2s. 10d. and in the Inland Office 7,785l. 16s. 2d.
letters charged on Postmasters and Letter Carriers, returned because the addresses could not be found2,3601911
his Majesty's letters and packets: in the Foreign Office 1,458l. 2s.; in the Inland Office 6,296l. 6s. 6d.; letters sent beyond sea 11,213l. 11s. 5d.18,9671911
letters sent by several Members of Parliament, taxed to the Postmasters but delivered free12166
foreign letters and packets, wherein were enclosed bills of exchange etc.632410
abatements for errors and overcharges2521111
money due to Postmasters and others for the balance of their Accompts to Ladyday 17173,273171
salaries at the General Post Office: Lord Cornwallis and James Craggs, senior, Postmasters General, 2,000l.; Thomas Voley, for the Auditor's fee, 260l.; Arthur Onslow, Receiver General, 300l.; George Searle, Accomptant General, 300l.; Arnold Beeby, Comptroller of the Inland Office, 200l.; John Jesse, his assistant, 75l.; John Lloyd, Secretary, 200l.; John Fowle, Solicitor, 200l.; Joseph Goodman and Joseph Bell, clerks to overlook the franks and mis-sent letters, three quarters to Xmas 1717, 150l.; clerks of the several Roads (Chester, North, West, Bristol, Yarmouth, Kent), 740l.; clerks, named, to the Postmasters General, to the Receiver General and to the Accomptant General, 160l.; Foreign Officers, detailed, 590l.; inland windowmen, ditto, 110l.; sorters, named, 480l.; Thomas Horne, to inspect accompts, three quarters to Xmas 1717, 67l. 10s.; letter receivers, detailed, 168l. 6s. 8d.; Evan Lewis, to check the letter carriers, three quarters to Xmas 1717, 45l.; letter bringers, detailed, 37l.; housekeepers, named, 20l.; Elizabeth Boys, mail maker, 150l.; letter carriers, detailed without names, 2,326l. 9s.8,63958
salaries and riding allowances to the Postmasters and others in the Country, detailed at length13,59619
sundry incident charges, detailed, including disbursements in apprehending three highwaymen who robbed the West and Bristol mails and a reward to James Holiday, one of them, for convicting the other two3,16869
charge of expresses; by quarters901198
charges of the packet boats, detailed:
the Dover packet boats: Charles Lovell, director, for hire etc. of the Courier, Eagle, Anne and Frankland packet boats and for hire of other boats for the French and Flanders mails; and for his own salary of 150l. a year
the Falmouth packet boats: Joseph Durden, agent, for wear and tear etc. of the Expedition, Mercury and Queen packet boats, and for his own salary of 150l. a year3,02443
the Harwich packet boats: Capt. John Phillipson, director, for wear and tear etc. of the Eagle, Dolphin, Dispatch and Prince packet boats and for hire of other boats etc., and for his own salary; three quarters to Michaelmas 17171,420187
the Port Mahon packet boats: Capt. Arthur Pye for wear and tear etc., of the Cornwallis packet boat plying between Port Mahon and Marseilles, and for collecting and delivering letters at Minorca412100
the Groyne packet boats: Samuel Eyre and John Torway for the hire etc. of the Biscawen packet boat, plying between Falmouth and the Groyne; Roger Bradyl and Robert Hales for the hire etc. of the King George packet boat between Falmouth and Corunna98396
money paid on accompt of the West India packet boats: John Hopkins, assignee of Edmond Dummer, for the balance of Dummer's accompt37797
charges of the North British Office:
Midsummer 1715 to Lady day 1717
Xmas 1717 to Ladyday 17187231010
charges of the Irish Office:
Isaac Manley, Deputy Postmaster General of Ireland; salaries
State letters and letters of Members of Parliament delivered frank7,88733
Country letters charged to Dublin but not paid there being sent forward to several Postmasters of that Kingdom2,56532
insolvent letters etc.72892
stationery wares and incidents1,020149
exchange of money remitted to the Post Office in London614132
pensions etc.:
Henry, Duke of Rochester
the Duke of Grafton as Executor to Barbara, Duchess of Cleveland4,70000
the same, for an arrear2,00000
the Duke of Marlborough5,00000
the Duke of Schonberg and Leinster4,00000
William, Lord Cowper, late Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain4,00000
Dennis Bond, Court Post36500
William Brocket40000
sundry extraordinary services:
John L'Argent, Edward Russell and Solomon Hucks, owners of the Endeavour hoy, hired to carry a mail from Harwich to Holland but taken on her return by a Swedish privateer 250l., and to Elizabeth Hunt, widow of Edward Hunt, master, who lost his life when it was taken, 50l.
Officers' taxes (on salaries under 60l. per an.)35800
John Six of Amsterdam for the moiety of Dantzig, Hamborough and Italian letters conveyed by him1,092122
M. Payot, Comptroller General of the Posts of France, for the produce of Spanish, Italian and Turkey letters brought to the Post Office at Paris and sent through France3,340155
M. Joupain, Postmaster General of Bruxels, for the balance of his Accompt for the post of Italian and German letters to 14 Dec. 171645607
John Parker, agent at Corunna, for his balance to Ladyday 17173540
John Duarta Decester (sic) [Da Costa] at 10l. per cent. for returning money from Lisbon5309
John Campfield for 268l. 10s. returned in bills from Lisbon; at 2l. per cent.575
the farmers for collecting 4,154l. 4s. 11d. from the Deputies at 10l. per cent.41584
money paid into the Exchequer, detailed by dates70,2051311
(total for salaries, incidents and other annual charges of the General Post Office as above 157,163l. 11s. 10d.)
charges of the Penny Post Office:
salaries and wages: Robert Baylis, Comptroller, 200l.; Edmond Green, Accomptant, 70l.; William Pate, Collector, 70l.; Richard Titterton, Comptroller's clerk, 30l.; six sorters, 234l. 15s.; eight sub-sorters, 208l. 13s. 4d.; messengers 1,305l. 9s. 5d.
rent of the General Penny Post Office and of the six other Offices, detailed117100
incident disbursements, detailed35844
taxes repaid192100
tenths allowed to Receivers and returned letters352183
total payments and allowances£197,585114
and so remains£58,64516
against which depending in super:
arrears due at Ladyday 1685, detailed (fn. 1)
upon several Postmasters etc., detailed at length53,8998
arrears of the Penny Post, ditto1,949711¾
arrears due from several other persons, detaitled (fn. 1) 671141
And so this Accompt is even and Quit.
Declared 5 September 1721.


1 As in previous Accounts.