Index
A-L

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Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Martin A. S. Hume (editor)

Year published

1899

Pages

745-763

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'Index: A-L', Calendar of State Papers, Spain (Simancas), Volume 4: 1587-1603 (1899), pp. 745-763. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=87277 Date accessed: 01 September 2014.


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A

Achas, Señor de las, reported death of, 463.

Acuares, Captain, a Portuguese, 463.

Adelantado of Castile (Don Martin de Padilla), letter from, to Philip III., 690.

-, -, 208, 549.

-, his plans for the invasion of Ireland, 627-640, 646-9, 665-7, 673, 676, 684-5, 686-7, 690, 696, 713-14.

Admiral of Scotland. See Bothwell, earl of.

"Advertisements out of Ireland", 463N.

Advices of the Armada from sailors whose ships put into French ports, 433.

Agnas, Jane, 346.

Aguilafuerte, the marquis de, 412.

Aguilar, Alvarado Francisco de, Commandant of Dunkirk, 234.

Aguilar, Don Juan del, letter to from Philip II., 587.

-, -, letter to, from Philip III., 703.

-, Don Juan del, 587
-, to command a Spanish force in Ireland, 676, 690, 692-4, 698-703, 704, 705, 707
-, surrender of 708, 710-11, 729.

Aguilar, Francisco de, survivor of the Armada in Ireland, 641.

Aguirre Francisco (pilot), 429, 456.

Agoamond, Cornelius d' 274.

Alanquer, 485.

Alanzon, Don Martin de, administrator-general of the hospital, 442.

Alas, Gregorio de las, 348, 350.

Alba, duke of, 157, 662, 723, 737.

Albert, Cardinal Archduke, letter from, to Philip II., 648.

-, -, Viceroy of Portugal, afterwards sovereign of Flanders, 187, 492, 530, 548, 614, 620, 633, 648
-, recommends peace negotiations with England, 649, 657, 659, 675, 680, 682, 687, 719, 721
-, his coolness towards the English succession, 725.

Alençon, duke of, 243, 256.

Allen, cardinal, letter from, to Philip II., 41, 54.

-, -, 1, 10, 29, 36, 40
-, exhorts Philip to invade England, 41, 54
-, instructions to with regard to the English succession, etc, 55, 50
-, again urges the invasion of England, 54
-, his address to the Pope on the English succession, 55-56, 59
-, urges the prosecution of the English enterprise, 101, 112, 119, 122, 142, 164, 212-3, 227
-, alleged plot to poison, 239, 254
-, his relations with the duke of Medina Sidonia, 289
-, his discourse to be circulated in England after success of Armada, 289, 324
-, his book, 351
-, character of, 466
-, his projected voyage to Flanders to cross to England after the invasion, 471-2.

- memorial presented to the Pope by Olivares in favour of Allen's appointment to the cardinalate, 36-38, 63, 114, 130
-, is made cardinal, 132, 134, 164, 233.

Alvarez, Captain Vicente, 441.

-, Hernan, 326.

Alava, Pedro de, copy of letter from, at Rouen, 411.

Alva, Secretary Andres de, 348, 394, 433.

Ambassador, French. See Chateauneuf de L' Aubespine.

Andrada
-, Antonio de, 525, 526, 548
-, death of, 553.

- Manuel de (alias David), 417, 431, 439, 454, 468, 486N, 491, 497, 499, 501, 529, 537, 548
-, his adventures in France, 551-2, 554, 558, 560, 562, 570-1
-, betrays Don Antonio, 571
-, escapes from prison, 572
-, his statements to Mendoza, 573-4
-, gains Doctor Lopez, 573, 576-7, 579.

-, Don Pedro de (son of the count de Lemos), reported death of, 463.

Andragues, M. d', 470.

Anes, Benjamin George, 326.

-, William, 326.

Angus, William, earl of, etter from, to Juan de Idiaquez, 614.

-, -, and Francis earl of Errol, letter from, to Philip II., 613.

-, -, letter from, to Philip II., 613.

-, earl of, and lords Semple and Herrys, letter from, to Philip II., 615.

-, -, 78, 98, 139, 405, 589, 590, 603-4, 613-17, 632, 680.

Anjou, duke of, 243, 256.

Antonio, a Portuguese Jew in London, 326.

Antonio de Vega, letter from, to Bernardino de Mendoza, 384.

- Don, Portuguese pretender, letter to, from Juan Luis (Esteban Ferreira da Gama), 547.

- -, letter from, to Antonio de Escobar, 553.

- -, 5, 17, 18, 31, 48-9, 76-7
-, proposed escape from England, 77, 83, 89
-, his alarm at the peace negotiations, 99
-, dismisses his followers, 99
-, remains in England, 111, 119, 130
-, falls ill, 131, 161
-, dismisses his followers, 168, 173
-, caressed by the Queen, 188, 190, 205, 207, 209, 229-30
-, attempts to escape from England, 240, 241, 252, 261, 267, 271-3, 286, 355, 369
-, proposes to send his son to Barbary, 473
-, gift from a Portuguese merchant, 482
-, returns from the expedition to Portugal 547-55
-, proposes to leave England, 550
-, his own account of the expedition, 553
-, his approaches to France, 553-5
-, attempts to escape from England, 570-1
-, his great poverty, 571-2, 575, 577.

-, -, his appeals for aid to the States, the Huguenots, &c, 84, 138, 142, 150-1, 158, 167-8, 267, 428, 493, 495, 504-5, 511, 514, 522, 532-3, 539, 551, 554.

-, -, his approaches to Turks and Moors, 92, 168, 438, 454, 473, 484, 486, 494-6, 498, 500, 511, 513, 516, 523, 539, 550-1.

-, -, his expeditions against the Spaniards, 2, 8, 15, 17, 18, 20, 26, 36, 48, 59, 65-6, 115-16, 130, 142, 188, 222, 250, 298, 300, 345
-, expedition to Lisbon, 386, 454, 469, 473, 478, 482, 483, 484, 487, 488, 489, 490, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 499, 500, 501, 504-5, 511-12, 514-17, 520, 522-8, 529-33, 532-3, 536-40, 541, 544, 545-55, 558, 577, 578, 594.

-, -, his accounts of the expedition to Portugal, 547, 553.

-, -, his approaches to Philip, 100, 121, 124, 132, 147.

-, -, his eldest son to be sent to Holland, 99.

-, -, patent granted by, to English merchants to trade on the River Gambia, 355.

- -, plans to murder him, 12-13, 23, 50, 326, 353, 571.

Antwerp, advices from, 405.

-, 171, 174, 175, 200, 201, 202, 306, 365.

- merchants, loans to the duke of Parma, 238.

Ap Morgan, John. See Dudley, Arthur.

Aranse, Juan Velez de, 498.

Arbor, Serjeant-Major Baltasar Lopez de, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Arbroath, lord (John Hamilton), 225, 227.

Arceo
-, secretary, 400, 502
-, sent to the duke of Parma by Medina Sidonia, 443.

Ardnerie, 464.

Aremburg, Count, Spanish peace commissioners, 234.

Argyll, earl of, 590, 604.

Armada, alarm in England at, 66, 135, 141, 184, 193, 240, 267, 273, 420, 495.

-, ammunition on, 293, 360, 365, 370, 392.

-, attack on, by English fleet, August 1st, 358.

-, attitude of the English Catholics towards. See Allen.

-, attitude of the Papal Court towards. See Sixtus V.

-, cost of maintenance of, 275.

-, damage to, from storms, 314, 317, 318, 319, 431.

-, defects of men and material on (see also provisioning of) desertions, 317
-, ships unseaworthy, 328
-, incompetence of officers, 335
-, uselessness of Galician sailors, 338
-, disobedience and desertion of crews in France, 489, 505.

-, delay in the sailing of the, 199, 225, 230, 261, 265, 307, 309, 312.

-, details of persons on board of, 284-6, 306, 338, 468.

-, disposition of the squadrons of, in the Channel, 359.

-, duke of Medina Sidonia's account of the movements of the, to the duke of Parma, 354.

-, engagements of the, with the English Fleet in the Channel, 373-5, 376-9, 382-4, 390, 391, 393, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 401, 403, 404, 405, 407, 424, 425, 426, 439-41, 442-6, 459, 460, 461.

-, English fishing boats captured by the, 434.

-, - plans to take the offensive against (see also Drake), 163, 183, 193, 261, 278, 297.

-, - preparations to withstand, 93, 110, 126, 129, 136, 138, 148, 157, 159-60, 162, 164, 166, 169, 172-4, 175, 176, 179-80, 183-4, 190-1, 191-2, 193, 196, 198, 204-6, 210-11, 214, 221, 223-4, 230, 231, 236, 240-1, 242, 243, 244, 252, 253, 259, 261, 264, 265, 267, 271, 272, 274, 278, 279, 286, 296, 298, 300, 309, 326-8, 345, 353, 365, 367, 372, 379, 386, 390-1, 408-10, 415, 454, 480.

-, exhortation to the men on, 294.

-, false news of the victory of, over the English fleet, 369.

-, funds for, 309, 347, 380.

-, "General Orders" issued by duke of Medina Sidonia to, 290-5.

-, hospital ship of the, reported to have been driven into Plymouth by a storm, 487.

-, impossibility of fitting out another, 450.

-, instructions for, 136, 187-8, 245-50, 251, 266, 290-5, 307, 315, 330, 335, 347, 388.

-, - for rendezvous, 246-8, 291.

-, - for internal government of, 246-9, 269, 290-5.

-, - in case of failure of, 249, 251, 273, 307, 347.

-, - (secret supplementary) to the duke of Parma, 249.

-, Medina Sidonia advises the abandonment of, 317-18
-, and foretells defeat, 364.

-, Medina Sidonia's report of ships separated from, 329.

-, movements after leaving the Tagus, 296, 303, 307, 309, 310, 312, 314
-, enters Corunna, 316, 317, 318
-, scarcity of provisions, 303, 323-4
-, council of war at Corunna, 321-4
-, ships still missing, 343
-, sails from Corunna, 338, 347, 354
-, disputes at Corunna as to advisability of sailing, 348-50, 354
-, caught in a storm, 356
-, English coast sighted, 357
-, re-inforcement of, 361
-, at Calais, 361, 366-7, 373-4, 383-4
-, fighting in the North Sea, 390-461
-, gales and wrecks, 411-12
-, intelligence concerning, 411-12, 431, 434
-, preparations to receive it at Santander, 433, 467
-, plans to obtain new ships for, 467-70
-, rejoicings in England, 494.

-, names and details of ships and crews leaving Lisbon, 280-83
-, leaving Corunna, 339-42.

-, news of, 175, 206, 269
-, reported arrival of, in Scotland, 325, 333.

-, news of the arrival of the, at the rendezvous and in touch with the duke of Parma, 381.

-, number of cannon on, 306.

-, orders to Drake and Howard to act on the defensive against, 355.

-, Patrick Catnihavil's account of the engagements with the, in the channel, 412-13.

-, Portuguese prisoners on, to be liberated on condition of joining Don Antonio's expedition, 505.

-, preparations for, 5, 9, 20, 66, 70, 93, 109, 112, 118, 141, 150, 157-8, 164, 199-200, 208, 211, 221, 236, 240, 246, 249, 276.

-, -, in Flanders, 136, 148, 183-4, 186, 187, 199-200, 211, 214, 224, 230, 236, 237, 246, 248, 249, 261, 262, 274, 287, 289, 296, 307, 308, 309, 311, 312, 316, 332, 347, 348, 352, 358, 360, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 370-1, 374, 378, 385, 386, 394, 399, 400, 401, 402, 403, 405, 406, 407, 408, 417, 426, 435, 436, 441,443, 455, 475N, 477.

-, provisioning of the, 276, 284, 285-6, 303, 309, 310, 314, 315, 317, 323-5, 327, 330, 334, 336-7, 360, 365, 400.

-, rations to be served out on board of, 269-70, 294.

-, relation of events on, from an English source, 422.

-, "relation of the occurrences on the, up to the 4th October," 459.

-, religious services on, 290, 338.

-, reported off Dartmouth, 359.

-, reported to have left Shetland and Orkney with a great number of captured English and Dutch ships, 353.

-, report sent from Corunna to Philip II. as to scarcity of provisions on board the, 324.

-, rumour in England of the arrival of, at the Scilly Isles, 354.

-, ships from, take refuge on the French coast, 343, 344, 394N, 397, 398, 405, 425, 430, 431, 435, 436, 440, 442, 457, 458, 465, 475, 485, 489, 498, 499, 500, 505, 532-6, 538, 542, 544, 547.

-, ships of, lost on the Irish coast, 344, 447, 458, 463-4
-, statement of survivors, 485-9, 500-510, 515.

-, shipwrecked prisoners, their reception in Scotland, 508, 548.

-, sickness on board the, 314, 315, 318, 330, 432, 497.

-, statement made by the purser Pedro Coco Calderon, of the events which happened to the, after it left Corunna, 439.

-, statement of events on, from its entrance in the Channel to the 13th August, 382.

-, statement of the strength of, 275-6, 280-4, 306, 339, 342-4.

-, suspicion concerning the foreign sailors on board the, 328.

-, uniform for English troops against the Armada, 298.

Army, English, disbandment of the, 418.

-, -, near London, desertions from, 477.

-, -, number of men in the, 372.

-, -, want of horses in the, 372.

-, -, uniforms of the forces raised by private persons in, 419.

Arnold, John (the English Carthusian prior), letter from to Philip II., 542.

-, -, the English Carthusian prior I., 542
-, his mission to Philip II., 542.

Arran, earl of (James Stuart), 41, 78, 215. See also Hamilton.

"Artificial machines", 374.

Arundel, earl of (Philip Howard), in the Tower, 513-14, 515, 530, 536.

Arundell, Charles, letter from, to Secretary Idiaquez, 2, 38.

-, -, 2-3, 6, 7-8, 25, 26, 46, 50, 75, 140, 171
-, death of, 182, 187, 189, 218.

-, -, his elder brother and relatives, 218.

-, -, debt of Mary Stuart to, 153, 169, 182, 190, 218, 255, 277.

Ascoli, Prince of, letter from, to Philip II., 378.

-, -, reputed son of Philip II., 223, 284, 306, 444
-, reported death by drowning of the, 450, 451.

Ashley, Catharine. See Dudley, Arthur.

-, John. See Dudley, Arthur.

Asturias, the corregidor of, 325.

Athol, earl of, 604, 667, 680.

Athlumney, 639.

Auboise, Clement, conferences of, with James VI. and Maitland, 406N.

Augustino, Italian barber, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Aumale, duke of, 311, 519.

Avalos, Captain Martin de, 446.

Avendaño, Major Melehior de, letter from, to Philip II., 459N.

-, -, 459, 489, 538.

Avila, Captain Cristobal de, condemned and hanged, 404N.

-, Don Garcia de, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

-, Don Gaspar de, his brother, death of, at Drogheda, 503.

-, Captain Nuñez de, 445.

Aybar, Captain Geronimo de, a prisoner in Ireland, 503, 507.

Aynar, Captain Geronimo. See Aybar.

Azores, 69, 115.

B

Babington conspiracy, Jane Agnas' connection with, 346.

Babthorpe, William, of Babthorpe, a Yorkshire Catholic, 185.

Bacia, Sergeant Antonio de, death of, at Drogheda, 503.

Bacon Sir Nathaniel, a Norfolk Proteslant, 184.

Bagenal, Sir Henry, 649.

Bahama, 22.

Bailly, Charles, 146, 225, 426.

Balcarres. See Balgarys.

Balfour of Burleigh, 667, 680.

Balgarys, lord (Walter Lindsay), 589, 613, 616, 680.

Ballenden, Sir Lewis. Lord Justice clerk, 144, 562.

Ballycroy, 464.

Balrinnes or Glenlivet, battle of, 615.

Baltimore, 18.

-, Spaniards at, 700, 701, 706, 737-9.

Baltinglas, viscount, and Thomas Geraldine. letter to, from Ardh O'Donnaill, 599.

-, -, 610, 612.

Barbary, 579.

-, English trade in, 196, 469.

-, the sheriff of, promise to Don Antonio of money from, 473, 484, 486, 513, 516, 523, 537, 539, 550, 579-80.

Barclay, Hugo, a Scottish Catholic emissary to Spain, 614-15.

Barela, Juan Diaz, 271.

Barlemont, 147, 160.

Barnex, Jo de, 306.

Barnstaple, 686.

Baronio, cardinal, 681.

Barrett, Dr., rector of the English college at Douai, 681.

Bars, Edward, charged with espionage, etc., in Portugal, 613.

Bautista, Juan, colonel's servant, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Bayonne, 434, 497.

-, Governor of, 387.

Beale
-, clerk of the council, 34
-, one of the peace commissioners, 658.

Bearhaven, Spaniards at, 700, 705, 708, 713.

Bearn, Prince of. See Henry of Navarre.

Beaubourg. See Bourbourg.

Beauboys Lanoy (see Beauvoir de La Nocle).

Beauvoir de la Nocle, 564.

Becudo, Mathias, 77.

Bedford, earl of, 185.

Beeston, Captain, commands the Dreadnought, 176.

Bele, Sir Wm., a Yorkshire Protestant, 185.

Belem, tower of (Lisbon), 150, 515.

Bellièvre, M. de, 3, 6, 11, 13, 15, 19, 25, 31, 45, 64, 67, 75, 86, 88-89, 92, 95, 107, 116, 139, 148, 149, 178.

Benenfield, Sir Henry, a Norfolk Catholic, 185.

Bergamo, Monsignor, papal nuncio in France, 41.

Berghen
-, 104, 191, 307
-, relief of, 407, 462, 481, 482, 490.

Bermudez, Juan, a Spanish prisoner in England, 437.

Bernard, St., monastery of, in Paris, 256.

Berne, Thomas, of London, 568.

Bertondona, Martin de, (admiral), 281, 286, 321, 348, 349, 397.

Berwick, 48, 135, 139, 150, 167, 174, 229, 242.

Beton. See Glasgow, Archbishop of.

Birkhead, Christopher, 587.

Biron, Marshal de, 197, 198, 257, 258, 688.

Biscay, bay of, 432.

Biackness, castle of, 434, 743.

Blake, William, sent to Brittany, 583-5, 593.

Blanco, Pedro, a survivor of the Armada in Ireland, 641.

Blankenburg, retirement of Leicester from, 126N.

Blantyre, James VI. at, 159.

Blasket Sound, 463, 506.

Blavet (in Lower Brittany), 375, 380, 565, 587, 595.

Blundell of Croke Abbey, a Lancashire Catholic, 185.

- of Ince, a Lancashire Catholic, 185.

Bobadilla
-, Don Francisco de, his speech at Corunna, 321-3
-, 348, 350, 403
-, his account of events on the Armada, 433
-, grant of money to, 467.

Bodenham, William, a suggested Spanish spy to Scotland, 607.

Boitres, 529.

Bonn, 407.

Border, gathering of forces on, 427.

Bordeaux, 1, 27.

Borgoni
-, Scipione, of Antwerp, 421
-, a spy in England, 520.

Borja, Francisco de, account of his adventures in Ireland, 506-9.

Borman, Simon, a merchant of London, 220.

Borough
-, Captain, placed under arrest by Drake, 93, 115, 118
-, commands the "Lion," 179.

Bort, John, merchant of London, 220-21.

-, Robert, an Englishman resident at Ayamonte, Spain, 220.

Bose (cipher name for the spy Messia), 501N.

Bostock commands the Tiger, 243.

Botello Diego, 84, 99, 132, 138, 142, 148, 150, 151, 158, 162, 167, 240, 267, 355, 417, 497, 522-4, 550, 571, 577.

Bothwell, earl of (Francis Stuart), memorial from, to Philip III., 742.

-, -, letter from, to (the duke of Lerma?) 741.

-, -, advices from Scotland given by, 667.

-, -, 78, 139, 405-6, 416N, 541, 562, 617, 653
-, his plans for the invasion of Scotland, 653-5, 667, 677-679, 685, 692, 715, 741-4
-, proposal for his reconciliation with James VI., 744.

Boulogne, 67, 272, 303, 311, 319, 561.

-, peace conference at (1600), 658-9, 669-70.

-, proposal to betray to Spain, 557, 561.

-, siege of, 311.

Bourbon, Cardinal de (Charles X.), 32, 85, 579.

Bourbourg
-, peace commission to meet at, 232
-, 307.

-, speech of the duke of Parma at, 321.

-, speech of president Richardot at, 321.

Bourghout, marquis of, 347.

Bourke, William of Ardnerie, surrender of Spaniards to, 463, 464.

Boyd, Charles, statement taken by him from the Scottish Catholics to Philip II., 581.

-, -, 580, 581.

- lord, 562.

Brabant, 407.

Brabo, Don Sancho, his guards sent to Ireland, 694.

Bras do Fer (La Noue), oath of, never again to bear arms against Spain, 416.

Bravery, Spanish, instances of, 444-5.

Braye, lord, 27.

Brazil, 100, 124, 151.

Brentford, Don Antonio at, 240, 271.

Brest, 409, 565.

Breton sailors in the English fleet, 379.

Briant, Alexander (martyr), 295.

Bridewell
-, 391
-, treatment of Spanish prisoners in, 421.

Brigantine, 179.

Brille, 9, 11, 47, 50, 80, 162, 189, 191.

Brisson, president, 95.

Bristol, 110, 175.

Brito de Pimentel, Antonio, 82, 162, 168, 271, 523.

Brittany, 209, 261, 555, 561, 565, 570, 586.

Brochero, Don Diego, his expedition to Ireland, 692, 693, 694, 702.

Bromley, George, charged with espionage in Portugal, 613.

Brook, Master, 326.

Brouage, 81, 528.

Broughty, Duudee, 654, 678, 743.

Brown, Master, 326.

- See Montague.

Bruce, Robert, letters from, to Bernardino de Mendoza, 144, 161, 210.

-, -, letter from, to the duke of Parma, 361, 478.

-, -, 10, 27, 28, 33, 45, 58, 68, 71, 75-76, 78, 79, 89-91, 96, 98, 100, 108, 119, 120, 134, 140, 144, 146, 156, 159, 160-1, 171, 176, 204, 221, 231, 241, 255, 273, 277, 297, 351, 352, 361, 369n, 426, 429, 455, 479.

Bruges, advices from, 405.

-, 200, 262, 300, 502.

Brulart, secretary, 94.

-, -, his indignation at learning of Mary's execution, 31.

Brussels, 202.

Buchanan, baron, 680.

Buckhurst
-, lord, 16, 20, 61, 67, 88, 153, 163
-, Lord Treasurer, 664.

Burdoro, 21.

Burgh, the family of, 610.

Burgos, Archbishop of, letter to, from the duke of Medina Sidonia, 433.

Burghley, lord, letter to, from Don Cristobal (son of Don Antonio), 580.

-, -, letter to, from Don Alonso Luzon and his companions, 584.

-, -, letter to, from Don Pedro de Valdes, 595.

-, - William Cecil, 1, 6, 14, 26, 50, 70, 87, 95
-, opposes Drake's projected attack on Spanish shipping, 126, 133, 140, 149, 166, 184, 189, 194, 198, 213, 130, 276, 278, 298, 299, 307, 311, 345, 450, 477, 480, 481, 484, 515, 525, 559, 571, 596, 599, 601.

-, -, his attitude towards Mary Stuart, 7, 27, 48.

- -, Mary Stuart enjoins Philip to avenge her against him, 155.

-, -, scolded by the Queen, 163.

-, son of. See Cecil, Sir Robert.

Burley, Richard, an English Catholic in Spanish pay, 284, 540, 545, 551, 555, 556, 564.

Burke, MacWidiam, letter from, to the Prince (Philip III.), 645.

-, MacWilliam, 627, 639, 640, 641, 642, 644-5.

Burner, John, 284.

Butler, Richard, accused of espionage in Portugal, 599-601, 602, 612, 643.

Butts, Sir William, a Norfolk Protestant, 184.

Buxton, 67.

-, the earl of Leicester's visit to, 420.

Buzenval, M. de, French envoy to England, 559.

C

Cabo Blanco, 20-2.

- de la Vela, 22.

- San Antonio, 22.

- Verde, 20-2.

Cadiz, 69, 74, 83, 97, 98, 111, 115, 125.

-, Drake's attack upon, 12, 15, 17, 19-20, 48, 57, 59, 60-61, 62-63, 64, 65-70, 71-73, 74, 75, 76, 81, 82, 83, 86, 87, 88, 89, 93, 97-98, 99, 109, 111, 115, 118, 119, 120-1, 124-5, 131-2.

Caithness, earl of, 227, 604, 654, 679.

Calais, advices from, 388.

-, intelligence by letter from, 410.

-, 67, 81, 268, 306, 366, 373, 374, 383, 384, 390, 394, 399, 417, 423, 424, 444.

Calderon
-, Pedro Coco, chief purser on the Armada, 441
-, thanked by Medina Sidonia, 447
-, his statement of events on the Armada, 439.

-, Friar Rodrigo, a prisoner in England, 583.

Calfer, Captain, of St. Malo, 81.

Calicut, 124.

Calvo, Eliano, a Spanish spy in England, 520, 595, 597.

Camara, Juan de, 694.

Cambrai, 24.

-, Archbishop of, 3.

Cambridge, University of, loan from the, to Queen Elizabeth, 415.

Campion, Edward, 295.

Canaties, the, 468.

Cañavera, Hernando de, death of, 503.

Cañete, Marquis de, 421.

Cannon, number of, in English fleet, 244-5.

Canterbury, 198.

Cape Gudiman, 489.

Cape Priorio, 354.

Capelo, Isuardo, letters to, from the coast of Normandy, 379.

-, -, letter to, from Jos Cunet (of Rouen), 373.

-, -, 369, 373, 376, 379.

Caracena, count, letters from, to Philip III., 710, 711, 737.

-, -, letter to, from O'Sullivan Beare, 704, 707.

-, -, letters to, from Cornelius O'Driscoll, 738, 738.

-, -, Governor of Galicia, 702, 706, 710, 713, 729, 737-9.

Cardinalate, reasons for raising Allen to the, 36, 39.

Carew, Sir George, 174.

-, -, Neil, 638.

Carillo, Don Fernando, 657, 659-60.

Carlingford, 627, 639, 641, 674.

Carlos, Fray Diego, appeals to Philip for pardon for Don Antonio, 100, 121, 124-5, 147, 160, 173, 190, 209, 271, 571.

Carmichael, Captain, of James VI.'s guard, 605.

Carmona, Alonso, survivor of the Armada in Ireland, 641.

Caro, Alonso, sent to Ireland, 694.

Carr, George, letter from, to Philip III., 612.

-, -, Catholic emissary captured on his way to Spain, 589, 603
-, pleads to Philip III. for Tyrone, 712.

Carrafa, Cardinal, 38, 39, 50, 113, 128, 129, 367.

Carrasco, Sergeant Juan, 445.

Carrion, Martin de, 464n.

Cartagena, 20-2, 597.

Carthusian Friar. See Dunblane, Bishop of.

Carvalho, Alfonso, 523.

Cary, Robert, son of Lord Hunsdon, sent to Scotland, 25, 135, 229, 232, 242, 320.

Casimbrot, Councillor, envoy of the States to England, 232.

Cassano, Bishop of (Dr. Owen Lewis), 212, 542, 543, 567.

Cassilis, earl of, 604.

Castañeda, ensign, 441.

Castellanos, Francisco de, reported death of, 463.

Castelnuovo, Naples, the commander of, 445.

Castel Rodrigo, marquis of. See Mora Cristobal de

Castile, Constable of, 723.

Castillo, Pedro, of Cadiz, a nephew of, 422.

-, the brothers, their ransom, 585.

Castlehaven, Spaniards at, 700, 701, 705, 708.

Castelnau, 319, 681-2.

Castro, Alvaro de, a prisoner in England, 583.

- deserts Don Antonio, 89
-, starving in Paris, 99.

-, Don Beltran de, letter to, from the Council of State, 671.

-, - -, captures Richard Hawkins at sea, 671-72.

-, Father, 265.

Catharine de Medici
-, Queen Mother of France, 64, 71, 84, 91, 94, 95, 98, 115, 125, 158, 197, 207, 215, 267, 304, 333, 352, 353, 387, 495, 496
-, death of, 516.

- - urges Henry III. to strengthen his alliance with England, 352.

Catharine of Aragon buried at Peterboro', 158.

Catholics, condemnation and execution of, in England, 420.

- gentry in England, detailed statement of, 184-5.

- in England opposed to peace with Spain, 239.

- rising in Scotland, 227, 228.

- in Scotland oppressed by the English faction, 427.

- priests in England, martyrdom of, 572.

-, the principal English, confined in Wisbech castle, 354.

- to have freedom of worship in England, 251.

Catnihavil, Patrick, 412.

Cavendish
-, Sir Harry (son of the countess of, Shrewsbury), 437
-, his voyage and treasure brought, 454, 469, 473, 474, 483, 486, 487, 489, 491, 493, 504, 511, 525, 531, 540, 548.

-, - -, letter from, to the council giving an account of his voyage, 478.

Cebada, Juan Perez, survivor of the Armada in Ireland, 641.

Cecil
-, John, priest sent by the Scottish Catholics to Spain, 603
-, his personal statement, 607
-, 613, 614, 615, 616, 617.

Cecil, Sir Robert, 235, 274, 321, 664, 688.

-, William. See Burghley.

Cenami, M., 411.

Centellas, Captain, 474-5.

Centeno, Antonio, general, to command a force in Ireland, 676, 693-4.

Centurion, Philip, 253.

Cerda, Don Martin de la, sent to Ireland from Spain, 655-6, 658, 662-3, 666-7, 668, 676, 680, 684, 694, 706-7, 716-7, 719, 729.

Cerralbo, marquis of, 314, 317, 330, 336, 339, 538, 546.

Chagres River, 22.

Champigny M. de, to represent Parma at the peace negotiations, 202, 234, 313.

Channel, the, guard for under Sir Henry Palmer, 431.

Charenton, 305.

Chartres, 380, 387.

Chastelayn, Claude, sent to Normandy by Parma, 405, 409, 435.

Chateau Martin, (English spy), 633.

Chateauneuf de L'Aubespinc, 13-14, 17, 1-19, 25, 26, 36, 39, 56, 59, 61, 64, 82, 89, 92, 94, 95, 97, 116, 184, 207, 243, 299, 300, 303, 304, 311, 384, 390 N, 493, 501, 510, 512, 516, 520, 527, 532, 536, 541.

Chatelherault, duke of. See Hamilton.

Chatillon, M. de, killed at the siege of Ostend, 688.

Chatres
-, M. de, Governor of Dieppe, 99
-, invited to join Don Antonio, 130, 300, 510, 521, 570, 586.

Chaves, Captain Don Francisco de, 441.

Chidley, 549, 575.

Chinchon, count de, 661-2, 723, 736.

Chisholm, Sir James, 605.

- See Bishop of Dunblane.

-, nephew of the Bishop of Dunblane sent to Scotland, 144, 145, 429, 430.

Cider (cost of in France), 486.

Cifuentes, count, 298.

Cipriano, Master, a Sevillian, 421.

Cisneros, Captain Luis de, sent to the earl of Tyrone, 620, 619-25.

City Companies, loan from, to Queen Elizabeth, 415.

City Guard, The (London), 268.

Cizarga, 303, 432.

Clanricarde, earl of, 485.

Clear, Cape, 456, 510.

- Island, 464.

Clement VIII.,
-, 590
-, his approaches to James VI., 616, 683
-, his action as to the English succession, 730-3, 737.

Clemente, Don Guillen de San (Spanish Ambassador to the Emperor), 438, 553.

Clerker, Edward, of Risby, a Yorkshire Catholic, 185.

-, Robert, of Clerker, a Yorkshire Catholic, 185.

Clonfert, Bishop of, 619, 620.

Coasts of England and Scotland reconnoitred by the English, 416.

Cob, W., 222.

Cobham, lord, 126.

-, -, peace commissioner to Flanders, 138, 141.

Cobos, Captain Alonso, his visits to the Catholics of Ireland, 619-20, 637-43, 656.

-, -, certificate given by, to the Irish Catholics, 619.

-, -, letter to, from O'Neill and O'Donnell, 641.

Cochineal, price of, in the London market, 563.

Coldingham, viscounty of, 744.

Comendador Mayor, 736.

Comerford, Patrick, 612.

Concepcion, Antonio de la, 296.

Condé, Prince of, expected to aid the English against the Armada, 265.

Connaught, coast of, 464.

-, marquis of, 624, 625.

Conquet in Brittany, 337, 388, 394.

Conroy, Friar Florence, memorial from, to Philip III., 718.

Constable, Henry, of Holderness, a Yorkshire Catholic, 185, 681-3.

Constantinople, 92, 551.

Conti, Prince of, 149.

Contraband trade with Spain. (See Spain, trade with.)

Contreras, Gamarra Juan, his plan for the invasion of Ireland, 695.

Convicts, escape of, from the Armada, 459, 475.

Cope, secretary of lord Burghley, 599-600, 602.

Cordalier, 493.

Cordoba, Fray Gaspar de, confessor of Philip III., 660-62, 716, 723, 737.

-, Don Felipe de, son of Don Diego, Master of the Horse to Philip II., 445.

-, - Gonzalo de, 548, 585.

-, - Luis de, 503, 548, 585.

Cork, 622, 626, 687, 693.

Cornbury, Oxfordshire, 420.

Cornea, Lorenzo, 579.

Coro, 21.

Coronation Day, preparations for rejoicings on, 488.

Corunna, 190, 247, 291, 314, 315, 321, 325, 327, 328, 330, 332, 354, 363, 393, 394, 417, 422, 481, 490, 545, 546, 547, 694.

- besieged by the English, 538, 542, 544, 547.

-, list of officers present at the council on board the royal galleon at, 321.

Cosmo di Pescarengis and others, plot to seize Leyden, 167.

Costa, Francisco da, 463.

Cotton, George, an English spy in France, 587.

Cotton, Thomas, 295.

Council, (English), Lords of the, contribution of horse from, 345.

Council of State, the (Spanish), letters from, to Philip III., 685, 691, 739.

-, -, letter from, to Don Beltran de Castro, 671.

Council of War at Lisbon, 326.

Courcelles, 164.

-, his departure from London, 485.

Court-martials proposed to be held at Santander, 468.

Courtney, Sir William, 583, 592, 595, 560, 583-5, 592, 593.

Coutras, battle of, 167.

Cratus, 21.

Crawford, earl of, 227, 589.

Creigbton, 119, 122, 155.

Creswell, Father Joseph, letter from, to (the duke of Lerma?), 739.

-, -, -, to Phlip II., 635.

-, -, -, to Philip III., 740, 740, 740, 741.

-, his negotiations in Spain for the English Catholics, 634, 635-6, 660, 665, 674-5, 717-20, 733-4, 739-41.

Crisp, Edward, 636-7.

Cristobal, Don (son of Don Antonio), letter from, to lord Burghley, 580.

-, -, sent to Barbary, 485-7, 491, 492, 495-6, 498, 500, 511, 513, 523, 537, 539, 580.

Croce, of Paris, 422.

Crofts
-, Sir James, controller of the household, 138, 166, 307, 308
-, one of the peace commissioners, 233-4
-, imprisoned in the Fleet, 431.

-, son of the controller, with the peace commission in Flanders, 235.

Cross
-, Robert, captain, 110-11
-, his report of the Cadiz expedition, 111.

Cruz, Juan de la, a survivor of the Armada in Ireland, 641.

Cuellar, Captain, his narrative of events on the Armada, 404N.

Cueva, J. de Villa Cruces y de la, letter from, to Philip II., 595.

Cuevas, Julio de las, 623.

Cumberland, earl of, 25, 115, 174, 184, 419, 437, 463, 473, 478, 485, 470, 490, 496, 500, 504-5, 511, 512, 525, 531, 540, 545, 548, 549, 562, 564, 575, 577, 598, 689, 696.

Cunet, Jos (of Rouen) letter from, to Isuardo Capelo, 373.

Curaçoa, 21, 597.

Curle, Miss, 152, 169-170, 177-9, 182, 195, 215, 254, 277, 311, 516, 518, 564-5, 577.

-, secretary, 117N, 152, 156, 169-170, 177-9, 182, 195, 216, 277, 517, 518, 546, 564-5, 577.

D

Dacre, lord, 606, 682.

Dale, Dr. Valentine, letters from, to the earl of Leicester, 312, 313, 321.

-, peace commissioner to Flanders, 138, 141, 234-5, 308, 312-13, 351.

Daniell, Sir Robert, 284.

Dantzig, 68, ship bought by Drake at, 488.

Dartford, visit of Queen Elizabeth to the army at, 410.

Dartmouth, 359, 496, 595, 597.

David, see Andrada, Manuel de.

-, (Andrada), instructions from Philip II. to, 431.

-, Hugh, see O'Davitt.

Davison
-, Secretary William. His connection with the execution of Mary Stuart, 26-27
-, arrest of, 48, 67
-, released from the Tower, 483.

"Day of the Barricades, The", 304, 305, 311.

Dean, William, an English spy in Spain, 602.

Deça, Cardinal, 39, 128, 472.

Denmark, alleged help of, to the Armada, 306.

-, euvoy from to England, 229, 232.

-, king of, 151-2, 229, 235, 279
-, death of, 304, 308
-, information of the death of, conveyed to Philip II., 434.

-, vice-admiral of, the, 434.

Dennis, Captain see Denny, Sir Edward.

Denny, Sir Edward, 450, 454.

Derby, earl of, 184, 190, 516, 560, 664, 675.

-, -, peace commissioner to Flanders, 138, 141.

-, -, daughter of, proposed candidate for the crown, 721.

Desmond, coast of, 463.

-, earl of (John FitzThomas Fitzgerald), 609, 673.

Despatches, loss of Spanish, 409.

-, Spanish tampered with by the English, 689.

Destrappes
-, his arrest, 13, 17, 39, 59, 62, 67
-, release of, 82, 84, 96
-, arrives in Paris, 89, 149.

Deventer, 11, 15, 16, 23, 48.

Devereux, George. See Dudley, Arthur.

-, Walter accompanies the expedition to Portugal, 528.

Diaz Alfonso, 151.

Diaz de Carballo, Francisco, 537.

Diaz de Lobo, Ruy, beheaded, 555.

Dieppe, advices from, 369.

-, 264, 385.

Dingle Couche. See Blasket Sound.

Disbandment of the Queen's forces after the Armada, 481.

Disputation between James VI. and Father Gordon, 260.

Doctors and hospital staff, demand for, by the duke of Medina Sidonia, 433.

Domingo, Juan, an Italian drummer, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Dominicans, prior of, in Paris, massaered by Huguenots, 575.

Donagh Doallo (Donagh McCormack McCarthy), 642.

Donai, Horatio, ship captain, Venetian, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Donegal, 627, 637, 655-6.

Donglas, Archibald, 16, 305, 686, 689.

-, -, sent to Scotland by Elizabeth, 175, 192, 232.

Dover, 13, 26, 66, 68, 72, 77, 157, 205, 215, 268, 307, 385, 390, 410, 434, 526.

-, review of English troops at, 379, arrival of wounded at, 405
-, discontent of troops at, 434.

-, Straits of, 311.

-, to be fortified against the Armada, 157.

Downs, the, 176, 196, 391.

Drake, Richard, 391.

-, -, his treatment of Don Pedro de Valdes, 596.

-, Sir Francis, 3, 15, 48, 59, 63, 64, 65-69, 71-73, 74, 75, 76, 81, 82, 86, 87, 88, 89, 93, 97-98, 99, 109, 111, 115, 118, 119, 120-1, 123, 124, 124-5, 126, 130, 131-2, 133, 134, 148, 157, 180, 183, 187, 190, 191-2, 193, 213, 215, 220-21, 223, 230-1, 239, 247, 252, 253, 255, 257, 258, 261, 264, 266, 267, 268, 271, 272, 274, 279, 286, 297, 298, 300, 304, 305, 307, 311, 313, 319, 320, 331, 333, 345, 352, 353, 355, 359, 366, 369, 372, 378, 384, 385, 390, 391, 392, 408, 410, 413, 434, 473, 478, 482, 485, 488, 489, 490, 487, 491, 493, 494, 495, 496, 499, 500, 501, 504, 510-11, 514-16, 522-8, 536, 538, 541, 544-55, 559, 578, 593, 594, 598.

-, -, his plan to attack the Armada in Lisbon, 183, 193, 194, 196, 198, 204, 210, 213, 215, 223, 231-2, 246, 253
-, captures a Biscay ship, 271
-, his services against the Armada, 300, 307, 314, 353, 384
-, his kindness to Spanish prisoners, 391
-, his popularity, 300, 410
-, voyage after stragglers from the Armada, 451
-, his interviews with Don Antonio, 451, 487.

-, -, his unpopularity with the sailors, 72.

-, -, his visit to Holland, 11-12.

-, - and John Hawkins, their statement to the Queen with regard to a voyage of aggression to Spanish America, 20.

Drogheda, 626.

-, Spanish prisoners ordered by Bingham to be slaughtered at, 504.

Droscot, Alexis, 471.

Drury, present at Mary's execution, 35N.

Dublin, 619, 622, 622.

-, the Archbishop-elect of (Matthew de Oviedo), letter from, to Philip III., 655.

-, Archbishop of (Matthew de Oviedo), 655, 662, 668, 676, 684.

Dudley
-, Arthur, his statement to Sir Francis Englefield. Claims to be the son of the Queen and Leicester, 101
-, brought up by John Ashley, 102
-, adopted by Robert Southern, 102
-, takes service with the States, 102
-, returns to England, 103
-, Southern divulges his parentage, 103
-, Dudley escapes to France, 103
-, returns to England, 104
-, interview with Leicester, 104
-, suspected by Walsingham, 104
-, again escapes to Flanders and Germany, 105
-, comes to Spain to seek protection, 105
-, Englefield's doubts, 105-106
-, advocates his being kept in Spain, 112.

Dumbarton, 678, 743.

Dumfries, 78, 320.

Dunblane, Bishop of, 4, 40, 43, 51, 84, 100, again deprived, 189,155, 158, 180, 182, 194, 211, 242, 255, 361, 367, 427, 518, 542, 567, 667, 724.

Dunfermline, Scottish Catholic nobles meet at, 227.

Dungarvan, 622, 626.

Dunkirk, advices from, 408, 409, 413, 563.

-, 48, 68, 76, 90, 127, 162, 211, 215, 231, 241, 246, 277, 287, 306, 310, 319, 370, 374, 379, 384, 387, 389, 394, 399, 418, 424, 426, 441, 443, 500, 502.

-, the Governor of, dismissed by the duke of Parma, 420.

Dutch fleet to co-operate with English, 304.

- Protestants, English aid to, 16, 20, 111, 122.

E

Eboli, Princess of, 420N.

Echavarri, Captain, 587.

Edict proposed by Father Cresswell to he circulated in England on the Spanish invasion (1596) 634-6.

Edinburgh, 255.

Edmunds, Sir Thomas, Commissioner for peace with Spain, 658.

Egan, Dr. Eugene, sent to Spain by the Irish chiefs, 711.

Eghnton, earl of, 604.

Eldersley, 604.

Elizabeth, Queen, alleged lack of bodyguard for, 480.

-, -, Arthur Dudley claims to be her son, 101-107.

-, -, attempts to convert her, 276.

-, - contributions of forces and funds for the expedition to Portugal, 482, 495, 497, 514, 524.

- -, dances gaillards in her old age, 650.

-, -, dissuaded by her Council from going to St. Paul's, 480.

-, -, envoy to the Protestant Princes from, 334.

-, -, her aid to Henry of Navarre, 518, 532, 556, 559, 560, 561, 563, 586.

-, -, her attitude towards Don Antonio, 8, 18, 24, 36
-, to guarantee a loan to him, 74
-, 86, 116, 119, 141-2, 161-2, 174, 495, 497, 525, 550, 572, 575, 594.

-, -, her attitude towards the Guises and the League, 167, 198, 266, 268, 319.

-, -, her attitude towards the Irish Catholics, 241.

-, -, her attitude towards James VI., 127, 215, 258, 278, 563.

-, -, her opinion of James VI., 167.

-, -, her attitude towards the Netherlands, 12, 15, 18, 20, 36, 70, 74, 86, 98, 111, 134, 141, 166, 202, 203, 242, 259, 494.

-, -, her attitude towards Mary, Queen of Scots, 6, 7, 16, 19, 59.

-, -, her attitude towards the Spaniards, 24, 86, 166, 191, 351, 353-4.

-, -, her peevishness and ill-temper, 87.

-, -, her want of money to equip the fleet, 264.

-, -, illness of, 688.

-, -, on Drake's expedition to Cadiz, 97.

-, -, personal opinion of, concerning the War between England and Spain, 453-4.

-, -, proclamation by, against those who received bulls from the Pope, 355.

-, -, reply of to the States' demand for further aid, 202.

-, -, reviews of the forces raised by private persons witnessed by, 419.

-, -, request from, to Holland and Zeeland for ships of war and funds, 492.

-, -, request of, to the kings of Denmark and Holland not to shelter the Armada, 415.

-, -, sorrow of, for the earl of Leicester's death, 431.

-, -, Spanish plan to compel her to keep a standing army in the north, 477.

-, -, visit of, to the army at Dartford, 410.

-, -, Spanish plans in anticipation of her death. See English succession.

Ely, Isle of, 354.

Elmina (see also Mina), 100, 142, 151, 435, 496.

Embden, 389.

Enfield, 103.

England, account of the condition of, given by Spanish spies, 686, 690, 695, 696.

-, advices from, 3, 16, 65, 74, 93, 126-30, 141, 150, 163, 174, 205, 219, 239, 240, 252, 271, 272, 273, 297, 300, 307, 333, 354, 355, 359, 360, 369, 372, 385, 386, 414, 418, 431, 425, 436, 450, 454, 462, 479, 469, 483, 486, 487, 491, 492, 530, 538, 558, 559, 564, 575, 576, 578, 649, 685-6.

-, advices from an Italian merchant in, 408.

-, advices from (De Vega), 115, 166, 190, 228, 241, 267, 297, 299, 320, 344, 355, 389, 473, 486N., 486, 493, 502, 504, 514.

-, advices from (Manuel de Andrada), 491, 497, 522, 537, 539, 544, 549, 572, 577.

-, advices from (Messia) 277, 305, 310, 311, 320, 418, 438, 454, 455, 469, 479, 491N, 495, 501.

-, advices from (Pedro Santo Cruz), 278, 326, 352.

-, advices from (Sampson) 5, 17, 36, 59, 66, 84, 130, 161, 168, 188, 206, 271, 267, 469, 491, 495, 498, 502.

-, advices from, to Holland for seamen, 274.

-, lack of seamen in, 274.

-, Philip's instructions for the invasion, and government of, 245-52.

-, Spanish plans for the organisation of, 212-3.

-, war tax in, 268.

Englefield, Sir Francis, letters from, to Philip II., 106, 106, 111.

-, -, 3, 38, 212, 633, 634, 636-7, 668.

-, -, statement made to him by Arthur Dudley, 101-6, 111.

English account of the voyage of the Armada, 425.

English aid against the League, 518, 532, 556, 559, 560, 561, 563, 564, 570, 575-6, 586, 594.

-, Catholic priest martyred in Scotland, 588.

-, Catholics in favour of Spain, 53, 71, 119-20, 122, 130, 212, 265, 466, 540, 567-9, 594-5, 628-37
-, their address to Philip II., 636-7
-, 650-3, 661-2, 663-5, 669, 670-1, 674-5, 681, 708-9, 722, 724, 726, 734, 736, 739-41.

-, -, opposed to Spain, 628-37, 650-3, 670-1, 681.

- Catholics, their appeal to Philip II. for a committee for English affairs in Flanders, 628.

- college at Rome, 682.

- college at Rome, rector of, 54.

- convict (Gwynn) escaped from the Armada pensioned by Queen Elizabeth, 473.

- fishiug boats captured by the Armada, 434.

- fleet, to resist the Armada, statement of, 243-5.

- -, fighting between, and the Armada, 373-5, 376-9, 382-4, 390, 391, 393, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 401, 403, 404, 405, 407, 424, 425, 426, 439-4, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 459, 460, 461.

- -, number of ships of the, engaged on July the 29th, with the Armada, 459.

- fleets, number of ships in, 319, 358, 377.

- fleet, loss of men and ships in the, as reported by Bernardino de Mendoza, 454.

- -, provisioning of, 264, 286, 319, 353, 372, 390.

- fleets, movements of, 274, 286, 297, 298, 300, 304, 305, 307, 311, 319, 331, 333, 345, 373, 374, 375, 376-9, 390.

- -, reinforcements for, 353, 358, 372, 390.

- -, rumour of the defeat of, in England, 360.

- -, sailing qualities of, 358.

- -, want of powder in, 372.

- -, return of, 392
-, in November 1588, for want of provisions and stores, 477.

- -, John Hawkins joins the, with reinforcements, 443.

- -, plan to keep the, from pillaging, 476.

- forces on board the fleets to resist the Armada, 264.

- men in Portugal charged with espionage, proceedings against them, 592-606, 612-13, 643.

- pensioners of Spain, 9, 38, 44, 94, 154, 169-172, 580, 681-2.

- pinnaces sent to reconnoitre Lisbon, 150.

- seminary at Rheims, gift from Philip II. to, 497.

- - - Valladolid, 606, 608, 634.

- shipping, arrest of, in Spain, 280.

- ships, number of, raised by Coast towns, 268.

- -, tonnage of English ships to withstand the Armada, 269.

- spies in Spain, 599-602, 612-13.

- succession, deliberations of the Spanish Council of State upon, 660, 663-5, 666, 674-5, 682-3, 708-9, 717, 719-37, 739-41.

- trade with France, 501.

- - - Spain, the Indies, &c., 186, 221, 240, 280, 470-1, 686, 689.

- troops in the Netherlands, 111, 122, 141, 151, 162, 172.

- - at Dover, discontent of the, 434.

Ennis, 639.

Enriquez, Don Diego, 348, 349, 397, 441.

- Don Fadrique, grand commander of Alcantara, 448.

Epernon
-, duke of, 80, 133
-, advocates French aid being sent to England against the Armada, 204
-, his proposal to deliver French fortresses to Spain, 557, 561, 681.

Errol, earl of, and the earl of Huntly, letter from, to Philip II., 613.

- Francis, earl of, and William earl of Angus, letter from, to Philip II., 613.

- earl of, 589, 590, 603-4, 613-17, 680.

Escobar, Antonio de, letter to, from Don Antonio, 553.

-, - - (Sampson), Don Antonio's agent in France, 31, 59, 82, 119, 125, 197, 209, 240, 269, 297, 298, 303, 431, 439, 486N, 491N, 496, 526, 529, 551-5.

Esquivel, ensign, statement of the voyage of, 328-9.

Essex, army entrenched in, 372.

-, Robert Devereux, earl of, 122, 345, 367, 504
-, quarrels with Raleigh, 504
-, his aid to the expedition to Portugal, 511, 513, 524-5, 528, 538, 544, 549-50, 572, 595, 649
-, alleged readiness to join the Irish rebels, 656, 663.

-, earl of, created Master of the Horse, 419.

-, -, boxes Raleigh's ears, 127.

Estebes, Matteus, 537.

Execution in Scotland of all who were discovered carrying on communications abroad, 427.

Exeter, 550-1.

Eu, Normandy, 103.

F

Fairfax, Sir Thomas, a Yorkshire Protestant, 185.

-, Sir William, a Yorkshire Protestant, 185.

Fair Island, 501.

Falkland, James VI. at, 159.

Falmouth, 63, 355, 395.

- Castle, 422.

Farnese, Cardinal, proposed candidate for the English Crown, 664, 721.

Farnese, Alexander. See Parma.

Farnesi, the, 41.

Faro, Drake's attack upon, 83.

Faroe Isles, 448.

Felove, 22.

Fenner, Captain Thomas, 123, 392.

-, knighted by Queen Elizabeth, 392.

Fenton, Captain Edward, 179.

-, commands the "Mary Rose," 243.

Fentry, Laird of (Beton's nephew), 145 beheaded, 588-603.

Ferdinand, the archduke, 347.

Feria, duchess of (Jane Dormer), 636, 637.

Fernandez, Anton, a survivor of the Armada in Ireland, 641.

-, Domingo, a mulatto, 498.

-, Pedro, doctor, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Fernihurst (Andrew Ker), baron, 680, 742, 744.

Ferreira, Da Gama, Esteban (see also Juan Luis), 512, 547, 550, 552.

-, Francisco, 229.

-, De Melo, 68.

-, Augustin, 5.

Fez, King of, 196.

Figueredo, Cipriano de, 523, 571, 572.

Figueira, Elena, 571, 572, 575.

Figueroa, Bastian, a servant of Botello, 168.

Finisterre, Cape, 169, 247, 291, 268, 333, 359, 458, 455.

Fire-ships, 371, 391, 400, 412, 423.

Fire pinnaces, 374, 376, 378, 383.

Fisher, John, Cardinal-bishop of Rochester, 295.

Fisherman's ring (the Pope's), 418.

Fitzherbert, Nicholas, 628.

-, Thomas, letter from (to Lerma?), 650.

-, -, -, to Secretary Prada, 668.

-, -, 540-1, 545, 580
-, English secretary to Phillip III., 668
-, begs a cardinal's hat for Father Persons, 670.

Fitzwilliams, Sir William, Viceroy of Ireland, 172, 241, 563.

Flamenco, Jacques, captain of a hulk, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Fleets, English and Spanish, number of ships in the, in the Channel, 373.

Fleming, Baron, 680.

Flemish pilots in the Armada, 401, 402.

- prisoners in Scotland, 430.

- ships, bad management of, 377.

Fletcher, Dr, dean of Peterborough, attends Mary, Queen of Scots at her execution, 35N.

Florentines, their fear and jealousy of the greatness of Philip II., 452.

Flores de Valdes Diego, 281, 286, 321, 348, 396, 432.

Flushing, advices from, 173.

-, 81, 180, 189, 191, 206, 251, 258, 304, 347, 375, 417, 424.

-, &c., Philip's demand for its restitution, 251.

-, fight at, between Zeelanders and Spaniards, 392.

-, the Admiral of, his tour of inspection of Ostend, 413.

Fogaza, Portuguese spy, 247.

Foi, M. de, envoy of Henry of Navarre to England, 278, 279.

Fonseca, Juan de, 627.

-, vicar of St. Bartolomé, Azores, 513.

Forbes, Captain, Scots Guards, 545.

Foreign merchants asked by Queen Elizabeth for a loan of 70,000 crowns, 415.

Forrest, John, 295.

Fortresses, English, 251.

Foster, Sir John, Warden of the Marches, 150.

-, Thomas, Captain, 75, 90, 140, 146, 161, 176, 176.

Fotheringay, 6, 15, 34-5.

France, King of. See Henry III. and Henry of Navarre.

France, civil wars in, with the league, 517-8, 532, 546, 555-6, 557-8, 565, 570, 575, 578-9.

Francisco, Don (son of Don Enrique Sarmiento de Sotomayor), reported death of, 463.

Franquesa (clerk of the Council of State), letter from, to the duke of Lerma, 703.

Freire, Pedro of Lisbon, 222.

Frejus, M. de, 47.

French frontier, proposal to betray a citadel upon, to the English, 80, 123, 134.

Frion, Hugh, proposal to betray Cambrai, 24.

Frios, M. de, 242.

Frobisher, Captain, 93, 110, 115, 127, 138, 148, 179, 243, 392, 489, 504, 575, 577.

Fuentes, count de, 306.

G

Gaëtano, Cardinal (Nuncio in Paris), 577, 579, 586.

Galicia, Bishops in, 394.

Galleys, English fear of, 299, 571, 594.

Gallinaro, Major, 370.

Galway, 622, 626, 639, 641, 644.

Gamarra, Juan de, extract from letter from, at Rouen, 410.

Gambia, Anglo-Portuguese expeditions to, 229, 355.

Ganavaro, Sir Alexander, 418.

Garibay, Captain, 397, 402.

Garie Francis, 210.

Garland, Roger, charged with espionage, &c., in Portugal, 613.

Garnet, Father Henry, provincial of the Jesuits, 633.

Garnier, secretary, 262.

Garter, the Order of the, 419.

Gelves, marquis de. See Pimentel, Don Diego.

Geraldine, Maurice, letter from, to Philip II., 608.

-, Sir Maurice, heir of Desmond, 284, 608, 609, 611
-, imprisoned at Corunna, 657, 668.

-, Thomas, and viscount Baltinglas, letter to, from Ardh O'Donnaill, 599.

-, Sir Thomas, 234, 610.

German troops in the Spanish service, discontent of, 211.

Gernes (Herbert?), Dr., appointed to negotiate the ransom of Spanish prisoners, 585.

Ghent, 202, 306.

Giant's Causeway, loss of the Girona at the, 485N.

Gibraltar, 387.

Gicht, Laird of (Gordon), murders Keith, 227.

Gifford, Gilbert, a priest, 568.

-, Dr., 163.

-, William, dean of Lille, 628, 681.

Gijon, 322, 325, 329, 337.

Gil, Ensign Juan, 358, 360, 395, 397, 441.

-, Lope, appointed major, of the Entre Douro e Minho Regiment, 447.

Gilbert, Sir John, alleged plan of, to seize the isle of Santa Margarita, 685.

Giustiniano, G. B., of Antwerp, 421.

Godoy, Captain Lorenzo, 445.

Glamys, lord, 605.

Glasgow, Archbishop of, proposal to make him a Cardinal, 63, 96.

-, Archbishop of. Scottish ambassador in France, 3, 24
-, adheres to Spain after Mary's execution, 33-34, 44, 57, 60, 64, 65, 71, 73, 79, 80
-, reappointed ambassador by James, 81, 83, 84-85, 90-91, 96, 107-8, 120, 131, 139, 143, 153, 155, 158, 170, 177, 181, 182, 195-6, 211, 216-17, 255, 518, 533, 541, 565, 585, 681.

Glencairn, earl of, 227, 604.

Glenclouden, provost of, 562, 605.

Goda, Antonio, a Portuguese, commanding an island off Plymouth, 558, 560.

Gold, cheapness of, in England, 491.

Gondi, 215, 259, 303, 304, 381.

Gonsalvez, Baltasar, 539.

Gonzales del Castillo, Gonzalo, his statement of events in England, 692.

Gordon, Captain Juan, 445.

-, Father James, Jesuit, 138, 227, 260, 588, 590, 614, 615.

Gorend, 410.

Gorion
-, the apothecary, brings Mary Stuart's last message to Meadoza, 169-170, 177-9, 195
-, pensioned by Philip II., 216-17, 254, 517, 518, 536, 565.

Gourdan, M. de, Governor of Calais, 359, 387, 388, 411, 413, 557.

Gowrie, earl of, 680.

Graham, Sir James. (See Fentry.)

Gran, Gaspar de, 346.

Grand Turk, the, alliance between, and Henry III., 435.

Gratley, a prisoner of the Inquisition, 541, 568.

Gravelines
-, 80, 231, 241, 246, 306
-, fight with the Armada, off, 401-3, 444-45.

Gravesend, 4, 7, 61, 67, 393, 418, 490, 526.

-, alleged weakness of the English army at, 480.

-, Sir H. Cavendish's ship founders at, 525, 527, 531.

Gray, lord, 548, 680.

-, the Master of, 3, 6, 16
-, imprisoned by James VI. for complicity in Mary's execution, 96-97
-, arrives in Paris, 131, 156.

Greco, Theodorini, sailor, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Green, William, charged with espionage in Portugal, 613.

Greenwich, 89, 104, 188, 204, 214, 299, 504.

Grenville
-, Richard, 93
-, refuses to serve under Drake, 110
-, sent to Plymouth, 174
-, his treatment of Spanish prisoners, 220. To remain on the West Coast, 224.

Grey de Wilton
-, lord, 3, 17, 34, 118, 180, 224, 345, 367
-, sent to Ireland, 563, 575.

Griffith, Hugh, 628.

Grillon, M. de. See Turlon.

Grotick, knt. a Yorkshire Protestant, 185.

Guadagni, Abbé, 130, 257, 267, 512.

Gudiel, Juan Baptista, 560.

Gueldres, proposal to betray, by Colonel Peyton, 108-9.

Guedester, Henry, charged with espionage in Portugal, 613.

Guernsey, 81, 353, 485, 501.

Guevara, Cardinal, 660.

Guildford, Sir William, Governor of the Sluys, 511.

Guise, duke of, letter from, to Mendoza, 78, 100.

-, -, 11, 27-28, 33, 45-46, 54, 58, 60, 75, 78, 85, 89, 98, 113, 123, 154, 155, 181, 195, 201, 299, 304, 310, 320, 388, 414, 483, 499
-, death of, 516, 519.

-, -, his discontent at being excluded from the Spanish plans in Scotland, 100, 108.

Guises, the, 4, 32, 41, 45, 49, 79, 86, 91, 95, 139, 181, 348N.

Guiseppe, Colonel Sebastiano di San, commander of the Spanish Papal forces at Smerwick, 454.

Gunnery, instructions as to, on board the Armada, 293.

Guzman, Don Diego de, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

-, -, Juan, 263.

-, Captain Juan de, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

H

Haarlem, 152.

Hague, the, Leicester at, 152.

Hainault, 262.

Hamburg, advices from, 433, 455, 469.

-, 70, 433.

-, alleged landing of Don Antonio at, 438.

-, stores from, for the English fleet, 390.

Hamilton, 159.

-, James VI. at, 159.

-, lord Claud, 10, 54, 58, 197, 204, 210, 227, 231, 333, 509, 548, 562, 604.

-, -, -, his change of religion and delirium, 427, 592.

-, -, John. (See Arbroath.)

Hamiltons, the, their evil fortune, 592.

Hans, Casimir, 173, 194, 240.

Harfleur, 319.

Harpur, an English Catholic, 569.

Harrington, lady. See Dudley, Arthur.

Harris, John, charged with espionage in Portugal, 613.

Harwich, 378, 384, 389, 410.

Havre de Grâce, advices from, 337, 353, 369, 414.

-, -, 5, 264, 268, 325, 346, 359, 385, 409, 430, 496, 498, 534-5, 544, 547.

-, -, refitting of Spanish ships at, 404, 425, 431, 435, 457, 458, 465, 475, 485, 489, 496.

-, -, the Governor of (De Villiers), 337, 457, to be given a gold chain by Philip II., 475, 479, 498, 505.

Hassan, (the marquis of Santa Cruz's Turkish freed slave), report of, 368.

Hatton
-, Sir Christopher, 19, 25
-, his speech in Parliament, 36
-, in the Star Chamber, 164-6
-, 184, 418, 418N, 515, 525
-, in favour of a peace with Spain, 595.

Hautepenne, one of Parma's officers, 109.

Havana, 142, 484, 597, 600, 689.

Hawkins, Sir John, 179, 263, 390, 400, 443, 493, 575.

-, -, and Sir Francis Drake's project to assail Spanish America, 20.

-, -, knighted by Queen Elizabeth, 392.

-, -, false report of the death of, 408.

-, Richard, captured by the Spaniards, 671-72.

Hay, Walter, an English spy in France, 587.

Haydone, Richard, 632.

Hayhoe, Edmund, the Jesuit, 4-40.

Headon, William, a Norfolk Protestant, 184.

Hebrides, the, 501.

Hedley, Captain, commands "the Earl," 243.

Heighinton, letter from, to the King, 171.

-, his book in favour of Philip's claims, 171.

Hely, John, an English spy in Spain, 602.

Heneage, Sir Thomas. See Dudley, Arthur.

Henry III. King of France, letter from to the duke of Mercœur, 488.

-, -, 5, 9, 10, 13, 14-18, 28, 242, 256, 257, 268, 273, 477, 517
-, death of, 556.

-, and the Guises, 114, 123, 139, 140, 222, 276, 380, 414.

-, and the League, 305, 380, 476, 477, 512, 546.

-, asked to shelter Armada in case of need, 273.

-, his attitude towards the Armada, 39, 47, 54, 95, 101, 113, 120, 134, 158, 164, 173, 184, 189, 203, 214, 222, 273, 353, 360, 364, 387, 388, 470, 477.

-, his attitude towards the Huguenots, 299, 303-4, 518, 529, 532, 545.

-, his behaviour during the carnival, 25.

-, his conduct in relation to the execution of Mary Queen of Scots, 32, 34, 36, 45, 57, 62, 63, 64, 70, 79, 86, 114.

-, his relations with Henry of Navarre, 79, 114, 139, 149, 161, 198, 214, 222, 223, 199, 495.

-, his promise to Philip II. not to aid the English, 380.

-, kindness of, to Turkish slaves from the Armada, 435.

-, lack of power of, in his Provinces, 434.

Henry, Prince (son of James VI.), proposed to marry him to a daughter of the duke of Savoy, 679, 691.

Henry of Navarre, advices from his headquarters, 586.

-, -, 5, 7, 79, 84, 114, 139, 140, 149, 161, 166, 167, 189, 194, 214, 222, 242, 253, 257, 261, 266, 278, 299, 303, 305, 388, 434, 518, 529, 532, 545, 551, 556, 557-9, 575, 576, 578, 586, 649, 654 : supposed designs against England, 688.

Herbert, John, Dr., peace commissioner to Flanders, 138, 140, 141, 166, 234, 235, 658.

Heredia, Captain, 400.

-, Francisco Gonzales de, 680.

Hermitage Castle, Scotland, 743.

Hermosilla, Captain Gaspar de, 321.

Herrera, Hernando de la Riva, muster of men by, 433.

Herries, lord, the earl of Angus and lord Semple, letter from, to Philip II., 615.

-, -, 225, 227, 429, 604, 615, 617, 680.

Hertford, earl of, peace commissioner to Flanders, 138.

-, sons of the earl of. Their claim to the English Crown, 111.

Hesdin, 80.

Hesketh, Thomas, 628.

Hidalgo, Field-Captain Juan, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

"Historia Pontifical" by Dr. Illescas, 421N.

Hogue, La, 394, 430, 534.

Hohenlohe, count, 70-88, 141, 240.

Holland, 306, 321.

Holt, Father William, 628.

Horn, 80.

Horn Law (Act of Scottish Parliament against Catholics), 138.

Hospital, fleet, established on shore for the men of the Armada, 330.

Howard, lord admiral, 8, 17, 26, 48, 69, 87, 126, 130, 163, 164, 169, 175, 179, 190, 191, 192, 193, 196, 198, 204-6, 214, 223, 229, 231, 232, 239, 240, 243, 244, 247, 252, 258, 259, 261, 264, 266, 268, 278, 279, 286, 297, 298, 300, 307, 311, 319, 320, 345, 352, 355, 372, 384, 390, 391, 392, 410, 413, 421, 434, 480, 575, 577, 664.

-, -, -, his proclamation at Plymouth, 334.

-, -, -, -, report of loss of men and ships in the Armada, 392.

-, -, -, ill-feeling between, and Drake, 410.

-, -, -, in command of the "Royal Ark (Ark Raleigh)," 243.

-, -, -, opposed to the expedition to Portugal, 525, 596.

-, -, -, proposes to take the offensive against the Armada, 297, 333.

-, lord Charles, 179
-, commands the "Ark Raleigh," 179
-, commands the "White Lion," 243
-, commands the "Golden Lion," 575.

Huerta, Paymaster Juan de, 441.

Huguenots, 64, 87, 114, 140, 149, 166, 189, 194, 209, 223, 228, 240, 251, 278, 299, 303, 380, 490, 578, 586.

-, reported to be raising troops for England, 388.

-, Don Antonio's relations with, see Don Antonio, 168.

Hume, lord, 604, 680, 744.

Humières, canon of, (Hugh Owen's brother), 730.

Hunsdon, lord, 14, 26, 126, 239, 148, 150, 164, 167, 175, 180, 184, 193, 215, 224, 227, 286, 320.

-, -, son of. See Cary, Robert.

Huntly, earl of, letter from, to the duke of Parma, 361, 429.

-, -, and the earl of Errol, letter from, to Philip II., 613.

-, -, 10, 50, 51, 138, 139, 145, 180, 197, 204, 210, 225, 227, 228, 231, 269, 305, 333, 434, 455, 478, 427, 405
-, arrest of, 528
-, his release, 548, 589
-, his miraculous victory over Argyll, 590, 591
-, 603, 613, 614, 615, 617, 632, 680.

-, -, efforts of, on behalf of the earl of Morton, 361.

-, see also Catholic rising in Scotland.

Hunter, Scottish merchant in Lisbon, 62, 280, 470.

Huntingdon, earl of, 56, 174.

-, -, his claims to the English Crown, 111, 184.

-, -, Mary Stuart enjoins Philip to avenge her against him, 155.

Hutton, commands the "Hirondelle," 243.

I

Ibarra, Secretary Diego de, letter to, from Philip II., 587.

-, -, of the Council of War, 587, 646, 666, 684, 695, 700, 703.

-, Don Juan de, 441.

Idiaquez, Don Alonso de, son of Don Juan and an officer in Flanders, 471.

-, Secretary Don Juan de, letters from to Bernardino de Meudoza, 12, 162, 188.

-, -, note from, to Philip II., 611.

-, -, memorandum from, to Philip II., 332.

-, -, letters to, from Bernardino de Mendoza, 9, 24, 34, 48, 49, 81, 174, 192, 267, 279, 305, 409.

-, -, letter to, from Cornelius bishop of (Laonenus) Killaloe, 623.

-, -, letter to, from count de Olivares, 102.

-, -, letter to, from count Portalegre, 623, 625.

-, -, letter to, from the duke of Medma Sidonia, 207.

-, -, letter to, from the duke of Parma, 502.

-, -, letters to, from Father Persons, 606, 633.

-, -, letter to, from Juan Iñiguez, 312.

-, -, letter to, from Juan Manrique, 375.

-, -, letter to, from O'Neill and O'Donnaill, 630.

-, -, Letter to, from William earl of Angus, 614.

-, -, 662.

-, Don Martin de, advices sent to him, 186.

-, -, letters to, from Bernardino de Mendoza, 382, 389, 417, 450, 470, 536, 546, 555, 572.

-, -, letter to, from Cormack O'Neil, 642.

-, -, letter to, from Father Robert Persons, 628, 633.

Igueldo, Purser Pedro de, letters from, to Bernardino de Mendoza, 431, 465, 485, 534, 535.

-, -, letters from, to Philip II. 425, 457.

-, -, 405, 431, 436, 489, 498, 499, 505, 534-6.

Inchaffray, viscount, 680.

Indies Spanish, 36, 78, 87, 115, 174, 184, 419, 437, 463, 469, 470, 473, 474, 478, 485-6, 487, 489-90, 491, 493, 500, 504-5, 511, 512, 513, 525, 531, 540, 548, 549, 562, 597, 686, 689.

Infanta, the. See Isabel.

Ingleby David, an English Catholic, 681.

Iñiguez, Juan, letter from, to Juan de Idiaquez, 312.

Inspector-general of Armada, the, 270.

Intermessan, plan for landing Spaniards at, 605.

Invasion of England Ireland &c, plans for, 186, 187-8, 241-2, 254, 313, 361, 427, 428, 429, 601-6, 627-40, 646, 347-49, 650-3, 665-7, 668, 670, 673, 676, 684-5, 686-7, 691-704.

-, fear of an English, in Spain, 627.

-, English fear of (1590), 571, 575, 576, 578, 580, 595, 598.

Invention in navigating said to have been made by Sir Harry Cavendish, 488.

Ireland, 98, 164, 248.

-, copy of statement sent to Queen Elizabeth from, 463.

-, debasement of the coinage in, 689.

-, English troops in, 98, 485, 489, 490, 576, 619-23, 638, 639, 686-7, 690, 695.

-, English ships sent to, 470.

-, expedition to (1601), estimated, cost of, 685.

-, force to march against the Spaniards prepared by the viceroy of, 486.

-, men and warlike stores to be sent to, 98, 485, 489, 490, 576.

-, news from, of the wreck of three Spanish ships, 462.

-, North of, burning of monasteries in the, 331.

-, number of men reported from London to have been lost from the Armada in, 451.

-, rebellion in, feared, 485.

-, reported engagement between the English and Spanish forces in, 450-1.

-, statement from, sent to Philip II., 464.

-, statement of events in (1596), sent by Tyrone to Spain, 617.

-, statements of the condition of (1593), 599, 609-12
-, (1596) 617-27, 637-43, 644
-, (1600) 655-6, 663, 680
-, (1601) 693-4
-, (1602) 700-3
-, 705-7.

-, proposed invasions of, by Spaniards. See Spanish Council of State, etc.

-, Knight, a Lancashire Catholic, 185.

Irish Catholics, certificate given to, by Captain Alonso Cobos, 619.

- -, their appeals to Spain, see also Tyrone etc. 599, 608-12 617-27, 637-43, 644-5, 655-8, 662-3, 665, 668, 673, 676, 677, 680, 710-13, 718, 737-9.

Irish chieftains, presents sent from Spain to 656, 729.

Irish coast, ships of the Armada lost off, 344, 447, 450, 458, 463-4, 486-7, 489, 492, 500-1, 503-509, 510, 515.

-, -, Spanish squadrons reported from London to have been caught in a storm on the, 451.

Irish insurgents, their arms and food, 627, 676, 684.

Irish peasants, description of, 456.

Irun, 27.

Isabel Clara Eugenia, Infanta. To be made Queen of England, 16, 29, 128, 212, 267, 320, 636, 637, 652, 661-2, 675, 682, 709, 719, 721-37.

Isla, Maestre de Campo Nicholas, letter to, from the duke of Parma, 404.

-, -, 284, 395, 404, 430, 431
-, death of, 435, 437.

Isle of Clare, the, 464.

Italy, English spies sent to, 498.

Ivry, battle of 576, 578.

J

James VI., letter from, to Philip II., 587.

- - 4, 28, 30, 32, 40, 46
-, his legitimacy questioned, 65
-, calls a meeting of nobles, 98
-, refuses to receive Cary, 135
-, enters into a religious controversy with Father James Gordon, 260
-, plot to seize, 305
-, Catholics offer to deliver him to Spain, 542
-, his character, 604
-, plan to seize, 605-6
-, his intrigues with the Pope, 616, 667, 682
-, his approaches to Holland, 667.

- -, address of an English councillor to, 29.

- -, appeals to the King of France to avenge his mother, 91, 97.

- -, Colonel Semple's mission to, 241, 254, 255, 313, 429.

- -, gift of 8000l. to, from Queen Elizabeth, 367.

- -, his approaches to Spain, 107, 144-5, 159, 213, 650-3.

- -, his attitude towards the Armada, 167, 174-5, 202, 213, 230.

- -, his claims to the English succession, 32-33, 43, 49-53, 60, 71, 91, 96, 111, 112, 156, 192, 215, 242, 361, 481, 650-3, 655, 667, 681, 682-3, 688, 723, 724, 725, 727, 731.

- - offers to bring Tyrone to obedience, 650.

- -, popular prophecy regarding, 85-86.

- -, proposal to marry him to a niece of Sixtus V., 92, 113-128.

- -, proposed marriage with the Princess of Denmark, 78, 139, 150, 232, 427, 562, 576.

- -, his religion, 4, 51-53, 55-56, 57, 60, 65, 71, 84-85, 90, 96, 100, 107, 108, 117, 131, 138, 143, 144, 145, 155-6, 167, 173, 194, 202, 210, 212, 241, 242, 260, 287, 305, 308, 313, 324, 333, 351, 361, 367, 518, 542, 588-90, 616, 652, 667, 681.

James, a one-legged English gunner at Belem, charged with espionage, 613.

-, Thomas, his mission from English Catholics to Spain, 708.

Jeffery Roger, charged with espionage, &c. in Portugal, 613.

Jesuits, English, The Catholic party against them, see Cassano, Bishop of, Dunblane, Bishop of, &c.

-, their efforts in Scotland, 34, 71, 155, 180, 241, 260, 567-9, 588, 603-6.

Jews, Portuguese, in London, 326.

Jimenez, Domingo, his description of Ireland, 626.

Johnstore, baron, his victory over Morton, 591, 604.

-, Edward, 186.

Joinville, duke of, proposal to marry him to the Pope's niece, 113.

Joner, Richard. See Dudley, Arthur.

Jorge, Domingo de, ship's clerk, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Joust, a, between the earls of Essex and Cumberland, 419.

Joyeuse, duke of, 5, 84, 89, 95, 167, 203, 276.

Juan, Italian drummer, a prisoner at Drogheda, 503.

Julio and Julius. See Stafford, Sir Edward.

K

Keith, brother of the earl marischal, 227.

-, Sir William, 562.

Kelly, James, letter from, to Philip II., 644.

-, John, Captain Hovenden's lieutenant, 507.

Kennedy, Miss, attends Mary Stuart in her last hour, 152, 169, 177, 195, 215, 254, 277, 311, 313, 352.

Kent, army entrenched in, 372.

-, earl of, present at the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, 35N.

Kilkiel, 639.

Killaloe, 618.

-, Cornelius, Bishop of (Lacnenus), letter from, to Juan de Idiaquez, 623.

-, Bishop of, 506, 508, 599, 625.

Killibegs harbour
-, force landed and intrenchments raised by Don Alonso de Leyva at, 485, 489, 500, 501, 509-10
-, description of, 626, 637, 643, 710.

Kinford, Patrick, 284.

Kinsale
-, the Spaniards at, 687, 690, 692-4, 700-3, 705-7
-, surrender of, 708.

Kircudbright, 186, 678.

Knollys, Sir Francis, his sons appointed colonels, 298.

-, sent to Scotland to inform James of Mary Stuart's execution, 48.

L

Lacon William, charged with espionage in Portugal, 613.

Ladyland, baron, 604, 616.

Lalley, Thomas (Lawley), Tyrone's agent in Spain, 644-5.

Lancashire, Catholics and Protestants in, 185.

Lancaster, duke of. Elizabeth's proposal to confer the title upon James VI., 215, 481.

Landerau, 146.

Lands End, 328, 331.

Lansae, 565.

-, M. de (the younger), 162, 168.

Laredo, 432.

Lario, Robert, 284.

Lasso, Rodrigo de, 507, 548, 563, 564, 585.

Laynez, Don Diego, death of, 458.

League, the, 48, 80, 85, 91, 108, 115, 139, 161, 181, 198, 222, 240, 256, 266, 267, 268, 299, 300, 303, 304, 311N, 319, 346, 348N, 351, 352, 380, 381, 388, 517, 546.

- proposed against Spain by Scotland, England and Denmark, 581-2.

Leal Andres ensign sent to Ireland from Spain, 625.

Legorreta
-, Captain Esteban, 548
-, sent to Ireland, 694, 702, 706.

Leicester, countess of, 538.

-, earl of, letters to, from Valentine Dale, 312, 313, 321.

-, -, 3, 7, 8, 12, 14, 17, 20, 26, 67, 74, 76, 84, 88, 111, 115, 118, 122, 126, 141, 148-9, 151, 162, 167, 172, 185, 190, 191, 191-2, 194, 205, 239, 244, 257, 259, 268, 271, 298, 345, 367, 372, 420, 421
-, death of, 420, 431.

-, -, his reputed son, Arthur Dudley, 101-107.

Leigh, R., tract by, 484.

Leighton, Sir Thomas, Governor of Guernsey, 319, 346.

Leith. (See Little Leith.)

Leiton, Custodio, 18, 84, 168, 229, 512.

Le Mans, bishop of, refuses to recognise a "miracle" at Noyen sur Sarthe, 576.

Lemon juice, dispatches written in, 483N.

Lemos, count de, 338.

Lennox, duke of, 4, 562, 581, 604, 680, 688.

Leon, Captain Pedro de, 360.

- comendador, mayor of, 660-1, 662, 716.

-, Rodrigo Ponce de, auditor, reported ill near Drogheda, 503.

Lercaro, Esteban, of Lisbon, 277, 305, 311, 320, 421, 437, 495.

Lerma, duke of (?), letter to, from the earl of Bothwell, 741.

-, -, letter to, from Father Joseph Creswell, 739.

-, -, letter to, from Franquesa (clerk of the Council of State), 703.

-, -, 666, 684, 703.

Lethington, 604.

Lewis, Dr. Owen. See Cassano, bishop of.

-, Thomas, charged with espionage, &c., in Portugal, 613.

Ley, Walter, accused of espionage in Portugal, 601.

Leyden, 167, 259.

-, Leicester's plot to seize, 167.

Leyva, Antonio Luis de. See Ascoli, Prince of.

-, Don Alonso de, 250, 284, 286, 348, 359, 396-8, 440, 442, 458, 464
-, entrenched near Killibegs harbour, 485, 500-501, 504, 509-10.

Light horse, the, raised by the earl of Essex, 419.

Lignamont, Cardinal, 54.

Ligons, Ralph, 154, 170.

Lille, advices from 414.

Lima, Alvaro de, 326.

Limerick, 622, 626, 639.

Linlithgow, junction of Scottish Catholic nobles at, 227.

Lisbon, 56, 83, 88, 90, 93, 109, 125, 127, 133, 150, 171, 175, 183, 292, 522, 531.

Little Leith, 69, 75, 140, 146, 180, 186, 204, 428.

Liverpool, 185.

Livingston, Allen, a Scottish shipmaster, 186.

-, lord, 604, 680.

Lizard, the, 357, 292, 395, 441.

Loaisa, Captain Juan Perez, 444.

Loch Rian, 144.

Lomas, James, an English prisoner in Spain, 220.

Lomb (Lamb), Gilbert, a Scottish prisoner in Spain, 24.

Lonac, M. de, 529.

London, beef taken from, for the English fleet, 410.

-, city of, put under arms at alarm of treason, 422.

-, effect in, of the report of the defeat of the English fleet, 386.

-, foreigners in, forbidden to leave their houses, 480.

-, merchants, an undertaking from, to raise 10,000l. for the expedition to Portugal, 482.

-, plan for Spanish attack on, 363.

- merchants, letters from, 409.

-, city of, contributions from, to withstand the Armada, 279, 304.

-, -, to provide for defence, 240.

-, -, urges aid being sent to Henry of Navarre, 561.

Londoners insist upon serving under Drake, 300.

Long Henry, charged with espionage in Portugal, 613.

L'Onglé, French ambassador in Spain, 56, 70, 120, 121.

Longorius to represent the States at the peace negotiations, 201.

Longueville de, 388.

Loo, Andre de, 74, 88, 99.

Lopez de Soto Pedro, his plans for the invasion of England, 646-9, 693, 701, 703, 706.

-, Dr. Ruy, 48
-, to poison Don Antonio, 50, 74, 77-78
-, alleged to have offered to poison Bartolomé Bayon, 78
-, 116, 142, 168, 547, 554, 571
-, gained by Andrada, 573-4.

-, -, proposals to effect peace negotiations through him, 573-4, 577.

-, Sapayo Geronimo, 75.

Lord Chancellor See Hatton.

Lorraine, duke of, Spanish subsidy to, 201, 211, 309.

Lough Foyle, 463N.

Loyos, 292.

Loze, envoy of the States to England, 232.

Luch Ali, 92.

Luis Bernaldo, 23, 221, 242, 299, 326, 346, 487, 601.

-, Juan (Esteban Ferreira da Gama). letter to, from Don Antonio, 547.

-, Manuel, 5.

Lupercio, Latras, 564.

Luttrell, Nicholas, accused of espionage in Portugal, 599, 601.

Luzon, Don Alonso de, and his companions, letter from, to lord Burghley, 584.

-, -, 284, 397, 492, 500
-, a prisoner at Drogheda, 502, 548, 563, 585.

-, Don Diego, death of, at Drogheda, 503, 507.

Lynn, 72.



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