550. The Ambassador of the King of Great Britain came into
the Collegio and the Senate's deliberation of the 29th ult. was
read to him, he said :
I thank your Serenity, as this is what I asked on behalf of
the ship Hercules. I do not intend by my requests to injure
your interests, but to encourage good relations and mutual trade,
which are so necessary between nations. Owing to my weakness
in the language I cannot answer the office at once, and I
beg your Serenity to allow me to take a copy, so that after
due consideration I may represent everything in England and
see that things are done in concert.
The doge answered, We have really done everything in our
power, and all these days we have been seeking for ways to
satisfy you, because we love you much and desire to give you
every satisfaction, but our very just claims, the fact that such
a thing had never been done before and many other important
considerations stood in the way. You will see this and you
can withdraw into the other room and take a copy, as we shall
always be ready to gratify you where possible.
The ambassador replied, I will not try and I did not mean to
try for anything affecting the laws of this republic. The laws
do not affect this case, at least I have not been able to find
it, and that is why I made my request, hoping that it would
benefit trade and help all. Thereupon he bowed and left, withdrawing
to take down a copy of all in his own hand.
551. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the Hague,
to the Doge and Senate.
The Ambassador Joachimi is instructed to ask for the release
of the ship, but as mildly as possible, to avoid friction, and they
hope thai through the ambassador extraordinary all will be adjusted
in the end.
In this turmoil the Spaniards announce that they have won
over England by promising to make strong representations to
Caesar in favour of satisfying the Palatine. This is considered
an invention to encourage suspicion since it is not believed
that the king will be satisfied with mere words, though the statement
agrees with the obvious unfriendliness of that crown.
The Hague, the 4th October, 1635.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.
552. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
The Secretary Cuch has been staying for some days at a
country house of his 6 miles from here (fn. 1) on some private affairs
of his own. As it was some time since I had had an opportunity
of seeing him I thought I would seize this opportunity to gain
some information upon the last offices passed by the Ambassador
Fildia with your Serenity. Accordingly I referred adroitly
to the value your Excellencies attached to the good will of his
Majesty towards the peace of Italy and especially to the tranquillity
of the most serene republic. He replied that his Majesty
sincerely desired to see concord between all the princes of
Christendom. I then approached the subject more closely, but,
he dropped the matter entirely and only spoke in generalities, so
feel perfectly certain that the ambassador only had general
instructions to express his Majesty's goodwill and that he made
use of this opening to present the memorials of the English
merchants. When his Majesty comes nearer and I can see
him without disturbing his hunting, I will perform the offices
Fildin's courier who arrived last week came expressly on his
private affairs and his despatches contain nothing but requests
for money, which has not been supplied to him so promptly since
the Treasurer's death.
General Linze sailed a few days ago with the fleet, intending
to carry out the royal instructions ; but finding himself very soon
destitute of the most necessary articles of food, owing to the
remainder of the old supplies going bad, he returned to the
Downs, where he is awaiting fresh orders from his Majesty.
It is said, though it may be a mask, that the king will be
obliged to allow the fleet to withdraw altogether for this year. The
General has reported to his Majesty that having been requested
by M. di San Sciomon, who is going as ambassador extraordinary
of the Most Christian to Germany, to give him an
escort of one of the royal ships for his sea passage, he promptly
obliged him. (fn. 2) His Majesty fully approved the general's action,
commended him highly and was highly pleased at the confidence
shown in him by the French in looking to his ships for protection.
The Council here has devoted special attention to the question
propounded by the Ambassador Schidmore as to whether or no
he should visit the Cardinal. With the approval of his Majesty
they have decided that he must on no account do so, and the
late Duke of Buckingham, the Earl of Carlisle and the Earl of
Holland were greatly censured at the Court for having acted
For the rest it seems that they are not entirely pleased with
Scudamore's behaviour. They greatly dissapprove of his choosing
to us no language but English in his audiences and in the
representations he has made in writing, as he could quite well
use French. This makes him appear very haughty and prejudices
his Majesty's service, because disgusted with such behaviour
many avoid having communication with him, and they feel it
very bitterly that he will not call Mademoiselle and the Princesses
of the blood "Highnesses." The ambassadors here condemn his
conduct strongly. They are no longer conducting any negotiations
for the continuation of those already introduced by them,
nor do they contemplate taking any further step until the arrival
of the ambassador extraordinary whom the States have decided
to send to this Court. They are waiting for this occasion to
make a final and more strenuous effort, but the difficulties that
remain in the way are so great and the profit which they
have won up to the present is so slight that one may consider
vain the hopes of those who expect to achieve some advantage
in the end.
The other day the Ambassador Senneterre spoke very strongly
to one of the ministers here, in a manner that gave great
offence, about an Englishman giving two blows with his fists to
one of his servants at the very door of his house. He said
he would not have complained or disclosed the name of the delinquent,
not because he wished him punished but because he
was sure if he had not complained they would not have done him
justice, as they are not accustomed here to make more account
of ambassadors than of the vilest and lowest of the people.
By this conduct they wished to intimate that they had no regard
for the ambassadors of any prince here, and they did not take
into consideration that English ambassadors resident at other
Courts might also be ill used. He thus alluded to the severity
shown to my servant and to the insults to the house of M. de
Poygne, when they made no move of any kind. I believe however,
that his Majesty will give up my servant without passing through
the ordinary forms, as the Secretary Cuch told me so positively,
adding that it would be a mark of great favour, especially as it
had been refused to Oxenstern in a like case.
Gordon is returning to Poland, having finished his business
which did not amount to much. He divests himself of his
character as ambassador of Poland and resumes that of Agent
He will report to the king there the excellent disposition in
this quarter in favour of his interests, and the utmost readiness
for the conclusion of his marriage with the Palatine princess.
Gordon announces that this will certainly take place shortly and
that Polish ambassadors will very soon put in an appearance at
Court for this purpose. Here they will certainly look forward
gladly to the conclusion of that affair, which they desire eagerly.
Gordon confirms the conclusion of the truces with the Swedes
with more assurance than ever, and adds in particular that on
the 8th inst. a diet is to assemble at Warsaw for the full
confirmation of the things agreed, by virtue of which the Swedes
are to give up Prussia, and the Pole is to contribute a certain
sum of money to the troops quartered there. They are all
ready to march to Germany under the direction of Oxisterna,
who says he will send them into Saxony. But private letters
state that matters are moving towards a breach rather than to an
I have just received information on good authority that a fleet
of twenty ships from Spain is about to proceed to Dunkirk.
The news greatly troubles the Ambassador Joachimi, who sent
a ship on purpose to inform his masters. It is quite clear that
they will not be able to help themselves, because the English
fleet is in the Downs and so placed as to be able to prevent
any steps being taken by the Dutch. It is considered certain
that the General took up this position with the sole object of
securing the passage of those ships, and in order to avoid
suspicion he made use of the pretext of the lack of munitions.
This may be deduced the more certainly because a few days
ago when a squadron of English ships prevented a Dunkirker
from taking a Dutch vessel, they took the opportunity to declare
that they meant to keep the passage through these waters free
for all alike. Such are the principles and pretexts by dint
of which the Spaniards always obtain every advantage at this
Court, with incredible facility.
I have received this week the state despatches of the 25th and
31st of August and of the 7th September.
London, the 5th October, 1635.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
553. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
Senato, the Doge and Senate.
In execution of your Serenity's orders of the 8th August about
he trade of this mart at Constantinople, I find that the Levant
Company which has the sole right of trading there, sends sometimes
four, sometimes six ships a year, half of which go to
Constantinople and the other half to Syria. Those which go to
Constantinople take between 12,000 and 15,000 pieces, mostly
purple (pavonazze) in colour, and a certain quantity of crimson
(mezi scarlati). The cloth is for the most part of common
quality and only suitable for poor people, the price being only
about 3 reals, more or less, the yard (braccio) by their measure,
so the greater quantity costs only two reals.
Only one merchant, named Samuel Vasel, has introduced the
cloth with fringes (cimozze) and then only as an experiment.
He told my informant, and others confirm it, that he has not had
occasion to send more than some fifty pieces of that kind of
work a year, but all of the highest quality. He has them made
much finer than the Venetian, although he uses nearly half as
much wool again ; but it is because he has it woven very finely.
They all say that the price of this work is not stable, because
it is only sold to great personages, indeed the greater part serves
for presents, but they charge about half as much again for what
they sell as is paid for the finest made at Venice. Vassel himself
says that his business in this cloth is prospering ; that he
proposes to go on with it and to derive considerable profit therefrom ;
but all the others of the same company declare that they
have not yet learned the way to make it well and that, so far
he has got very little out of it, so that it is difficult to find
out the truth from anything but the results, if he goes on.
The other goods sent from here to Constantinople are tin, in
great quantity, and a small amount of kerseys, the latter being
mostly disposed of at Ragusa. The goods they take away are
sables, silk and gall. They also sometimes export hides but
do not trouble to bring them back here, and take them where
it suits them, generally to Ancona. To Syria, that is to say
to Aleppo and Smyrna they send other 12,000 to 15,000 cloths
every year and some quantity of kerseys, but all very ordinary
goods and inferior to those for Constantinople.
The manufacture of wool has always been great in this kingdom,
and it is now at the height of its ascendancy, because although
they produce little or nothing in this city, in the country
they manufacture over 300,000 pieces of cloth every year, besides
a countless quantity of kerseys, and almost all is disposed of
outside the kingdom, without difficulty. This is all that I can
inform your Excellencies at present. If I find out anything else
remarkable I will not fail to send you word.
London, the 5th October, 1635.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
554. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the Hague,
to the Doge and Senate.
The States General referred the choice of the ambassador extraordinary
to England to the Assembly of Holland. These
nominated the Sieur de Semerdich, a capable man, who has
been ambassador in France and to your Serenity as well as to
England. I hear that he asked to be excused on the ground of
age, and being weary of work. The States begged him not to
refuse, but he cannot be forced to go.
The English Resident has made remonstrance to the States
General because the Province of Holland is infringing the chief
privileges of the company of merchants. These are : exemption
from the duties on imported cloth ; permission to have their own
magistrate to judge the civil affairs of the Company ; liberty to
trade where they like ; freedom to bring cloth of any colour,
whereas the Assembly insist that it must be white, to have
the profit of the dyeing. The Secretary spoke very strongly,
pointing out that the Company received these privileges as a
reward for abandoning Antwerp fifty three years ago (fn. 3) and the
Assembly of Holland could not take away what all the Provinces
had granted. He intimated that as the merchants had not met
with justice they would go away and good relations with this
state would never be renewed, while the king might well take
up the interests of his subjects and avenge the offence. Two
days ago he came here and made his complaint to me, saying
that if anything untoward occurred the fault would be here.
Many here wanted to get rid of the Company in the interest
of their own trade. I said I felt sure his ability would overcome
this difficulty. But with such constant causes of friction
it is feared that matters may proceed to a rupture. It may be
only too true that the mischief arises in great measure from
private passions, which have frequently proved of ill augury
for this unhappy government, whose aims are not always directed
for the public welfare but frequently for the convenience and
interests of private individuals.
The Hague, the 11th October, 1635.
555. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
Although the Ambassador Joachimi has earnestly repeated his
offices several times for the recovery of the ship seized, he has
not moved them from their decision not to give it up, to which
it is believed they have made up their minds. They give enigmatic
and contemptuous answers, which can only give offence
to their High Mightinesses and leave them with a desire for
revenge, which they will no doubt promptly put into action
when Fortune is more propitious to them. The ambassador
talks openly to this effect and goes even further, but neither
the humble nor the angry manner helps him in the least. He
is determined, all the same, to try every way before the ambassador
extraordinary arrives. Meanwhile the fleet still remains
in the Downs, strong and resolute to protect the passage of the
Spanish fleet to Dunkirk, not without suspicion that the Dutch
are preparing to attack it.
Great consultations have been held about the seizure by the
French of a English merchant ship off the coasts of Barbary, of
which the news arrived a month ago. (fn. 4) A fresh meeting is
arranged for his Majesty to attend as soon as he arrives a
little nearer the city. They are very indignant as the French
treated the sailors with extraordinary severity. They think more
of the disdain shown and the disappointment about their own
forces than of the incident itself, and seem very eager in their
desire for revenge. The ambassadors try to smoothe matters,
indicating that it was not done by order or with the permission ;
of the Most Christian and expressing the readiness of France to
punish the culprits. But the slightest thing is enough to kindle
the fiercest and most inextinguishable flames in the minds of
the ministers here, who are so ready for mischief that if once
the king agreed there is no doubt but they would be taking the
most headlong decisions (ma ogni poca. fatica basta, per accender
negli animi di questi ministri gia disposti alla male le piu
grandi e inestinguibili fiamme si che concorrendo il Re non e
dubio non siano per prender le risolutioni piu precipitose).
It seems that the ambassadors in the most serious gatherings
go about circulating ideas of peace. They represent the inclinations
of the Most Christian as being truly disposed thereto.
This was his real object when he decided on an open declaration
of war, as he recognised that while hostile acts were being committed
on one side and the other covertly and under a mask,
he could not help things going badly without any hope of remedy
but now that the veil has been raised and operations are carried
on in the open, it is much more easy and decorous to negotiate
for an adjustment. The ambassadors say that the French cannot
long support such heavy expenditure, and as the Spaniards
are also exhausted, peace is an absolute necessity. They have
spoken thus not only to me but at Court ; some think in order
to discover if his Majesty is inclined to take up negotiations.
But others do not consider this is the right place and gauge
the real feelings of the Court tvhich are believed to be that
things shall remain balanced as they now are, and it is not
to their advantage to try and bring about any change. On the
other hand it is announced that the king is on the point of
deciding any day to send an ambassador extraordinary to France
some say in order to start negotiations about peace, but I am
informed from a better source that if he decides to send one
it will be expressly to arrange an adjustment for the Queen
Mother and her return to France, and this opinion fits in very
well, because the queen here is very desirous of seeing her
settled, and the king himself, tired of the constant irritation and
the incitements which he is always receiving with demands to
receive her in this kingdom, and fearful that he may be obliged
on account of the steps he has already taken, to have her supplied
with money, is certainly extraordinarily anxious to see her once
and for all in a place and in a position in which she will no
longer have need of him.
The remarkable way in which the Ambassador Scudamore has
begun his charge at Paris has afforded material for various
comment here. Some condemn him severely while others sympathise.
Those who disapprove lay all the blame on his natural
haughtiness, from which they augur ill for the course of his
embassy. The sympathisers think that he is not exceeding the
forms prescribed in his instructions, which they think were drawn
up with the deliberate intention of augmenting the differences
with France under the cloak of the weaknesses of the ambassador.
This opinion is held by the most sensible and especially
by those whose long experience enables them to penetrate deeply
into the practices of the Spaniards at this Court.
The Resident of Savoy has published a pamphlet upon the
claims of his master to the royal title. Its chief argument is
that the pope ought to concede to his ambassadors the Sala
Regia. I enclose a copy though your Excellencies will probably
have seen the work.
London, the 12th October, 1635.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
556. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to
the Doge and Senate.
The English ambassador has not yet visited Mademoiselle,
daughter of Monsieur, or the Princes and Princesses of the
Blood. They claim the title of "Highness," a term he says has
never been used by his predecessors and he refuses to use it
without orders from England. He says he wishes to know how
the members of his master's house will be treated, as it is fitting
that the use should be reciprocal.
Paris, the 16th October, 1635.
557. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the Hague,
to the Doge and Senate.
A petition has been presented to the Council of State in the
name of the celebrated painter Rubens, asking for leave to come
here with two sons on his way to England with pictures. He
has previously been employed by the Spaniards on serious affairs,
and there is some suspicion that the Spaniards intend to propose
a truce. The Secretary of France says that his coming will
cause his king to be very suspicious and he does his utmost
to prevent the grant of a passport. It is also suspected that
he will go to England to treat about the Palatinate, as he
did a few years ago. The Assembly of Holland has held long
consultations on the matter without arriving at any decision.
Some weeks ago two gentlemen were in England on behalf of
the Queen Mother. I hear that one of them was a Jesuit with
very secret business, to offer that queen's interposition for the
restitution of the Palatinate. After a short stay they left for
the Imperial Court, and Teler, the envoy to Cæsar, has instructions
not to see the emperor before consulting with them, and to
be guided by their advice in everything. These are believed to
be devices to win England, or to keep her trifling, to prevent
any declaration against the Austrians.
The Sieur de Somerdich has gone to the Prince to obtain his
release from the mission to England, or at least that he need
not conduct any business except what is common with the French
and with leave to return when the Ambassador Seneterre goes ;
as he feels sure that otherwise, with the numerous difficulties,
he will have to stay at that Court for years. It is not thought
that the States will consent to this as he is a person of great
reputation and will render good service.
The Prince Palatine is preparing to go to England, encouraged
by the signs of a favourable disposition there, and to make
fresh requests. They say also that he is to speak about his
sister's marriage to the King of Poland.
The Hague, the 18th October, 1635.
558. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
So far is the ambassador Joachimi from obtaining the release
of his ship, that the more he insists the more austere and reserved
the ministers show themselves. But as an indication of
the desperate nature of the affair, in the midst of the negotiations
and to please some of the merchants here a decree has
been issued unexpectedly by the Council and communicated to
him to the effect that unless the Dutch indemnify the English
for all the acts of piracy committed against them within a certain
time, not only will the fleet seize all their ships which they fall
in with, but the king will issue letters of marque against them
without any reserve. (fn. 5) Joachimi is thoroughly staggered by this
new, unexpected and most serious blow. Although he shows
great constancy in facing so many reiterated unfortunate incidents,
nevertheless there remains no means of remedying the
evil, as neither lamentations nor complaints avail him anything
at all. It is thought that the event will induce the States to
hasten the departure of their ambassador extraordinary, for
which the French ambassadors here are most anxious, in order to
bring to a conclusion in one way or another their duties here.
Gordon had taken leave of the Court and was about to sail
when a despatch reached him from the King of Poland, so he
had to return to present letters to the king, to thank him for
his endeavours to bring about peace between that crown and
Sweden. He then resumed his journey.
Of the affair of the marriage with the Palatine princess nothing
is said and the letters contain no reference to it. Here, however,
they cling more firmly than ever to the belief that it is arranged
and they assert that nothing is lacking for the complete settlement
of the business except the mission of the Polish ambassadors.
The Levant Company has at length ceased to oppose the appointment
made long ago of an ambassador to Constantinople.
He has received his commissions and is urging the departure
of the ship appointed for him, but he anticipates fresh difficulties.
They have also chosen two new consuls, for Aleppo and
Smyrna. These are ordered to start at the earliest moment. (fn. 6)
The king is still sporting in the country, (fn. 7) enjoying the unusually
fine weather and not meaning to return for a fortnight.
Even then he will not approach nearer than Hampton Court,
where he proposes to remain some time with the queen.
Meanwhile the greater part of the nobility is gathering in
this city. But with the Court away idleness and ennui abound,
and they try to divert themselves by discussing what are considered
the most essential affairs. So far as the special interests
of the crown are concerned, some represent matters as they
really feel them, others as they wish them to be. The one thing
that they all join in maintaining with vigour is the report that
parliament will meet soon. Their confidence in this is due
to the necessity in which they believe the king to be placed to
assist the cause of the Palatinate. They think that the accumulation
of ill treatment received from the Austrians must have
exhausted his forbearance and supplied sufficient stimulus to
make him rely for once on the justice of his sword. But
although this is a very essential point, it does not trouble them
much at Court, indeed they seem to have abandoned all measures
until they hear something of Teller's negotiations at the imperial
Court. But whatever measures they may take as the result of
this they will not be such as to induce the king to take the
parliamentary way, as he has always shown by so many indications
that he abhors it.
The reports about collecting a new and powerful fleet for next
year becomes stronger as their difficulties with their neighbours
increase. The despatch of the ambassador extraordinary to
France for the reason advised is announced as certain, indeed
they say the Earl of Holland will be selected to go.
The nomination of the new treasurer is expected daily. Lord
Cottington is considered certain to have it in the end, as the
offices of the archbishop of Canterbury against him, though
very powerful, are expected only to delay not to prevent it.
For the release of my servant I have never consented, although
advised otherwise, to agree to the case being submitted to the ordinary
judge, as I consider that derogatory to my character.
By private offices and through the secretaries of state I tried to
win over his Majesty, to obtain the decision from him and from
no one else. Although the secretaries had little hope, they have
worked hard to please me, so that in spite of the strong opposition
of the Lord Keeper and of all the lawyers of his Majesty
who contended that he ought not to intervene to pardon until after
sentence, they have succeeded in obtaining his release by supreme
order of the king, and a declaration absolving from all blame
all the others of my house who were in the matter. The secretaries
imparted this to the Council by his Majesty's order.
When some of them objected, urging custom and the rigour of
the law, they told them that they had not come to ask their
advice but to inform them of something already decided, and that
they must bow to the king's will, as they did. The secretaries
informed me this morning and promised to send me the order
tomorrow, signed and sealed by the king. Thus I have nothing
left to desire in this matter, and contrary to the general opinion
I have overcome all difficulties, with advantage to my position
and I hope to the satisfaction of your Excellencies, whose letters
of the 20th ult. have just reached me with the expression of
your wishes in this matter.
London, the 19th October, 1635.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
559. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the Hague,
to the Doge and Senate.
The English fleet, seeing a Dutch ship chased by a Dunkirker,
detached some ships to rescue it. The English claim that this
shows their friendly feeling to these Provinces, but their High
Mightinesses say that the real question is about the ship seized,
with no sign of its release, while the ministers only give ambiguous
answers to Joachimi's offices. On the same lines they
say that the English ought to have seized the Dunkirkers which
attacked their ship, and that the favour shown to the latter
is per accidens. In this way the English show their prejudice
against this state and their partiality to the Spaniards. They
say this but all the same, they will appear to believe what the
English wish, to prevent mischief.
The Sieur de Somerdich is still reluctant to go to England,
and affects to be ill, having kept his bed two days this week.
The French secretary urges his despatch. England is a woman
who at the present moment finds herself in great request with the
Austrians and French who court and flatter her, while she is
watched with great jealousy by the States here, who are trying
to win her friendship by means of presents and by patience.
The Hague, the 25th October, 1635.
560. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
With the approach of winter and the fleet's lack of most of
the absolutely necessary provisions, the king has decided to
recall it. General Linze has been to Court to receive his orders
for disarming the ships and to learn which are to be kept in
commission for the guard of the most important ports. This
dismantling will begin in a few days, nothing further being
said about the coming of the Spanish fleet, whose voyage to
Dunkirk it was to secure.
Fresh and vigorous complaints have been made to the French
ambassadors by His Majesty's order ahout the English ship seized
and scuttled off the coast of Barbary. (fn. 8) They spoke openly
about claiming compensation and even used threats. The ambassadors
cannot deny the facts or impute them to the violence
of pirates. They excuse them by saying that the captain had a
cargo of prohibited metals for Turkey, and refused to obey a
summons given by the French, so they had to use force. This
afterthought is not accepted. Such an incident, encouraging ill
feeling between the two nations, helps to increase the clouds
which are never thoroughly cleared away between them, and
affords the Spaniards a fine opportunity for creating difficulty and
confusion in the negotiations of Senneterre, while advancing their
own interests. In spite of this people continue to talk of pacific
intentions as necessary for the welfare of Christendom. The
French say freely that now is the time to secure quiet for poor
Christendom distracted by war for so many years, and the
best way will be by disarming by means of an honourable composition,
or they will be compelled to it by exhaustion. But so
far as moving them here to interpose everything that they
can think of saying fails to make any great impression, because
the English rejoice and glory in their present quiet, being
secure from trouble from their neighbours, and without any
effort being required on their part they perceive that they receive
the respect and esteem of all the nations much more easily
than they would if the nations were not in difficulties or if
they themselves had sided openly with one of the parties.
The Prince Palatine in person is expected here soon. He
informed his Majesty of his wish to come and of his start
simultaneously, it is supposed in order not to have to wait for
the reply and so meet with some hindrance. Although his
Majesty did not like the manner, he seemed pleased at the news,
and has ordered all to be in readiness to meet him, as he
feels sure he will appear at one of the ports of this realm
with the first fair wind. The coming of this prince will certainly
be greeted with acclamations from the general, with
whom he is very popular, because of his mother. It pleases
individuals because everyone wishes to see him, and it is expected
to be wonderfully opportune for his interests, as it is
hoped that the king's compassion will be moved when he sees
him, when offices and instances have never sufficed to produce
the effect desired. There really is hope of deriving some advantages
from this Court, as with the mere announcement of his
coming even those who in the past have not cared much about
his affairs, have expressed their sympathy and declared his
cause to be most just. In the future his cause will be more
negotiable because the prince comes out of wardship in December
next and will be free to look after his own interests.
The news was received with more pleasure by those who fervently
desire a parliament than by any others. They build the
most solid hopes upon it, as it is practically certain that the king
will not refuse to assume openly the protection of his nephew
when he comes to ask it in person ; but although the impulse
will be very strong the real consequences can only be judged
from the issue.
They consider all the difficulties in the way of the marriage
between the King of Poland and the sister of this prince as
resolved, indeed letters from Poland have appeared this week
referring to the departure of the ambassador destined to this
Court for the purpose.
With regard to the despatch of an ambassador extraordinary
to France, the longer this mission is delayed the feebler does
belief in it grow, since it hardly seems adequate that the decision
should be withheld merely because of the news of the
indisposition of the Queen Mother.
There is great anxiety here about the plague, which is reported
to be raging furiously at neighbouring ports, especially
Dunkirk. The Lords of the Council have discussed the matter,
but as they are unwilling to forbid trade, they do not see
any remedy. They have certainly told the merchants here to
proceed with caution, but little can be expected from this since
it is not the habit of merchants to look any further than their
own private advantage. (fn. 9)
A Spanish ship was brought here recently by some Englishmen.
They say it was booty of the Turks and bought by them for
a good price. No outcry was raised about this, but because it
was announced that 19 chests of silver had been found in the
hold, the Spanish Resident here is making efforts to have it
placed under arrest, so that by way of a judicial enquiry it
may appear how the ship came into their hands, and claiming
that even if it was purchased the sale cannot be valid to the
prejudice of the owners.
His Majesty remains in the country, (fn. 10) attended by a few
persons, most of the ministers having come back to this city.
It is thought that he also will come here at the beginning
of next month, but their decisions vary according to what chances
to happen so one does not know what to expect with certainty.
London, the 26th October, 1635.
561. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in Spain,
to the Doge and Senate.
It has been finally arranged with the English Secretary that
the ship which brought to Coruna the English ambassador,
who is momentarily expected at Madrid, shall take to England
170 cases of reals for Flanders. (fn. 11)
Madrid, the 29th October, 1635.