1. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to
the Doge and Senate.
To-day the Earl of Leicester ambassador extraordinary of
England, makes his public entry. He will be met at St. Denis
by the Marshal de Sciattillon with the royal coaches.
Paris, the 3rd June, 1636.
2. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
Allowing himself to be served by a few only the king is
enjoying the pleasures of the country here with every satisfaction.
Stag hunting is the diversion upon which he spends most of his
time, and he thinks nothing of paying for this pleasure with the
fatigue of passing the whole day on horseback. Since leaving
London he has not given audience to any ministers except the
Ambassador Joachimi, who, having obtained permission from
his masters to return to Holland for some months, merely came
to take leave and to kiss hands.
M. di Beveren meanwhile remains in sole charge, employing
all his tact to bring the negotiations to some end. But the
difficulties he has encountered from the first become ever greater
and deprive him of all hope of a satisfactory termination. In
the matter of the fishermen, upon which he is especially urgent,
they will listen to nothing, except on the heavy conditions already
proposed. These would be very costly to the Dutch, besides
amounting to an open declaration of their dependence upon this
crown at sea, and they are most determined not to accept them.
Thus it follows that they will either entirely lose the liberty of
fishing, a matter of the utmost importance from the profits
which they derive therefrom, or, if they go on, they will have to
run the greatest risks and incur heavy expenditure to maintain
their strength, because they will certainly meet with the most
strenuous opposition from this quarter. Thus they assume a
threatening aspect here against the Dutch over the fisheries
and against the French for the sovereignty of the sea. The
Spaniards give all possible encouragement to this by their artifices,
so that unless some speedy remedy be found, the worst results
may be produced with considerable disturbance of the public
welfare. It is therefore a matter of astonishment that the
French show so much reluctance about the restitution of the
barque, (fn. 1) as one cannot understand, when they are keeping an
ambassador extraordinary here so long with the sole object of
arranging an alliance with this crown, why they commit hostile
acts against it and refuse to listen to reason.
The affairs of the Palatine, which are the only ones that
interest this country abroad, continue, as always, to be viewed
without passion. The despatch of ambassadors, the detaining
of the Palatine and his brother in England and every other
conspicuous declaration are all done more with the idea of
satisfying the world than out of real cordial zeal for their welfare.
Certain it is that if greater obligations do not mature with time
the Austrians and the French alike will labour in vain to obtain
any favourable declaration for their side on these bases alone,
as they abhor the very name, to say nothing of the actuality
of a league, as something pernicious above everything else and
mortal to the interests of these realms. If from time to time they
let slip words of hope to one side or the other, their inner sentiments
certainly do not correspond. They merely aim at keeping
up an ambiguity with both and at making them jealous, to serve
the interests of the Palatine family by their arts, and at least
bring them to a state of moderate repose, so that they may withdraw
with the more decency, without injuring their reputation,
and not intervene again, or at least not until domestic affairs
are in a condition more satisfactory to the king or until some
unforeseen accident compels them to change their plans.
They observe with great bitterness the careless behaviour of
Radolti, who does not explain the proposals which they hoped
from that quarter ; and from his reserve they augur badly for
what the Earl of Arundel is to negotiate with the emperor.
For this reason the interposition of Denmark for the establishment
of peace in Germany becomes more valueable and important
to them every day, and they rely on the Swedes persisting in
their demand for the inclusion of the Palatine in the accord with
the other allies. It is true that they recognise the necessity
for modifying the claims involved in the restitution which was
absolutely promised, or of a part, since it is impossible to obtain
the whole owing to the interests of Bavaria, which are inseparable
now from those of the emperor.
Thus with the sole object of encouraging this transaction they
directed the English minister at Hamburg (fn. 2) to proceed to
Denmark, and it seems that they send him fresh orders every day
to urge that monarch to press forward, while the Earl of Arundel,
by the last letters, has been straitly charged to act in full concert
with the Danish ambassadors at Vienna. Thus the ministers
here are at present devoting their chief attention to this third
expedient more than to any other and I am assured, by one who
has some influence in the government, that in the meantime they
will not cease to urge the claims of the Palatines upon Cæsar,
and that Arundel is certainly to work for the advancement of
a general peace, without which no agreement arranged directly
for that part can be considered perfectly secure.
In France, however, they keep up the old transactions, either
to keep the Austrians uneasy, or because they are really concerned
about the interests of the Duke of Lorraine. The Ambassador
Scudamore has sent word this week to the king that he has
repeated his offices about the suggestion to restore Lorraine in
exchange for the Palatinate, and he sends the reply they gave
him. I must defer sending the substance of this to my next
despatch, as the report is confused, though I may state that the
ministers here are not pleased with it. One of them told my
informant in confidence that they are sure no treaty will ever be
concluded with France ; but as there is great commotion all
over the world, and everything therein is by nature subject to
change, it is difficult to form a true judgment about the future.
Most certainly this is the real substance of what they are
transacting and discussing at the Court here just now, or at least
so far as I have been able to discover it, with the imperfection of
my poor ability.
The Polish ambassador (fn. 3) is expected at any moment. Since
they heard that he was travelling by way of Brussels all delay
irritates them and at the same time makes them jealous. Thus
they do not like what they heard of his conversation with the
Princess Palatine on the subject of religion, fearing that this
pretext may serve to raise difficulties sufficient to break off the
affair. They propose here, accordingly, to adopt the gentlest
method in order not to lose this good fortune, although they
would be very sorry for the young princess to adopt any religion
but the one in which she has been brought up and adhered to
The Duke of Bouillon, in order to obtain a more convenient
and safer passage for Holland, has come this way. (fn. 4) Before
embarking he saw the Ambassador Senneterre, and told him that
he had orders from the king to command his Majesty's troops
who are in the Netherlands, and he had sent orders with all
speed to have them stopped.
I have received the State despatch of the 9th ult, with
Totnen, the 6th of June, 1636.
3. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to
the Doge and Senate.
The Earl of Leicester has been conducted by the Duke of
Scieurosa to Fontainebleau, where he was to have his first audience
of the king yesterday.
Paris, the 10th June, 1636.
4. Francesco Michiel., Venetian Ambassador at the Hague,
to the Doge and Senate.
The Princess Palatine has received letters from her brother
about his dissatisfaction with Radolti and with assurances of
decisive action if Arundel cannot obtain a satisfactory answer.
The States are much aggrieved at the humiliation forced upon a
Zeeland ship by English vessels, and protest that they will never
consent to the mastery which England claims at sea. Accordingly
it is to be feared that while they talk of peace, we shall see
a fleet that may upset everything and kindle a war that it may
be very difficult to adjust. The indications are that matters are
approaching this stage between England and France as well.
Indeed if the English really mean to uphold the Palatine, men of
understanding perceive that they are not taking the right course,
because by laying claim to great privileges at sea they must
inevitably clash with France and these Provinces, and they
will not be able to attack the Austrians at the same time. It
is not claimed that they should lay aside their own interests
altogether, but they are accused of renewing their claims with so
much emphasis at a most inopportune moment, considering the
circumstances of the time and men say that they ought not to
show themselves so sticklish so long as they need assistance
and while they recognise the necessity for friendly relations with
The Hague, the 12th June, 1636.
5. To the Ambassador in England.
We have received your letters of the 9th and 16th May. The
fresh disputes with France call for deep consideration and require
a corresponding attention because of the consequences that
may ensue. We feel sure that you will continue your fruitful
operations to supply us with information about what takes place
in this most important matter.
Ayes, 77. Noes, 1. Neutral. 3.
6. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
The Ambassador Poygni came to see me yesterday, with his
usual show of confidence. I raised the subject of the Princess
Palatine's affairs. He told me of the replies to the Ambassador
Scudamore about Lorraine, Scudamore pointed out that the
reply given to him some months ago did not contain any precise
declaration but rather an expression of regret at the mission to
the Imperial Court. On this point Poigny had instructions to
assure his Majesty that the only object of the mission was to
demand the investiture of the Prince Palatine. Everyone was
aware of this and only France remained in ignorance of it. He
did not think it desirable to say any more on the subject. There
was little cause for astonishment if his king felt affronted at
being refused a definite answer on such slight grounds. The
interests of both sides required a general peace, and this must be
preceded by the complete restitution of all that had been taken
by force, including Lorraine and the Palatinate. For all these
reasons he thought that France would have taken his proposals
into serious consideration, whereas while a clear expression of
their intentions is so long deferred, he can only infer that the
representations made by the French ambassadors in England with
so much apparent zeal, have no substance.
But all these vigorous representations have not sufficed to
stir the French to make any substantial change in what they
thought fit to reply from the very first to these proposals. Thus
they express themselves in the same form even now. They go
about saying that whereas in their first reply to the Ambassador
Scudamore they intimated that the Most Christian being without
information about what Teler had gone to negotiate in Germany
touching the affair of the Palatinate, or of the nature of the answer
he had received from the emperor, was waiting to be enlightened
on the subject, so that he might have a firm upon basis which
he might take steps suitable to the state of the affair. That now,
so long as Scudamore has not told them what was proposed to the
emperor or his reply, they must observe a corresponding reticence,
especially as they heard that Arundel had gone in the capacity
of ambassador. Nevertheless his Majesty believes, in common
with all Christendom that the House of Austria will never restore
the states of the Palatine except by force, and he remains as
ready as ever to assist the King of Great Britain, if he will do his
share, for the reinstatement of the prince.
Such is the substance of what has passed. While it leads to
no conclusion of any sort ; so it serves equally to arouse jealousy
and disgust, because both sides, by practically masking their real
intentions, keep sincerity also out of sight and only make use of
artifices. The French ambassadors say this of the English, and the
ministers here freely repeat the same of the French, adding that
necessity compels them to think of something else than union with
On the other hand the upset caused by the detention of his
Majesty's barque leads to the most dangerous manifestations.
The ambassadors have declared frankly in Court that after a
careful examination of the matter by the ordinary course of
justice, it has been decided that the capture was lawfully made
and ought not to be restored. They maintain that it was lawful
booty because of the instructions found on the captain, by which
he was bound to fight all the barques of Calais he met with, and
take them to England if he could. The ministers here cannot
absolutely deny this, but they justify it by saying that it was
only against some barques which had done some hurt to the
merchants here in the past, and not general against the whole
nation. Thus the Secretary Windebank told me a few days
ago that he himself signed these orders, but the Ambassador
Poygne gave me a different account in the copy he showed me.
He added however, that if they will agree to accept a pardon here,
such as he has often arranged on similar occasions by order of
his king, they will meet with no difficulty in obtaining it. But
bitter feeling is greatly increased on both sides, and as the Earl
of Northumberland has instructions to take the ships he meets
flying the French flag, so that they are waiting to hear at any
moment if anything has happened, such an incident would render
an accommodation impossible.
Some of the partisans of France say she would be well able
to take care of herself joining her fleet with that of the Dutch
and give England causes to think more of her own preservation
than of molesting others. The Dutch also threaten, being greatly
offended on many accounts, especially at the severity shown
recently to a ship of war on which the Ambassador Joachimi
was crossing, and because another warship was taken two days
ago ; but no authentic particulars are yet known of either
incident. (fn. 5)
The Polish ambassador (fn. 6) arrived in this kingdom the day before
yesterday. He will make his public entry to-day, and will
be taken to a house four miles away from the city. I sent my
coach this morning to meet him, and when he has seen the
king I will pay the necessary compliments in person, although
his dwelling is many miles away from here.
The king has gone to Theobalds to enjoy the hunting there
for some days. The queen remains at Hampton court, and when
the king returns they will proceed together to the house of
Oatlands, going on very soon to some other more distant place.
The plague makes great progress in London and has even spread
to the villages near here.
The State despatches of the 16th ult. have reached me this
Totnen, the 13th June, 1636.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
7. To the Ambassador in England.
Events in Italy, showing that Rohan is acting in concert with
allies, calling for great circumspection on the part of Venice.
The emperor is pressing for the diet at Ratisbon, at which the
choice of the King of the Romans and a truce with the Swedes
are to be discussed, as well as the question of the Palatinate,
for which they are awaiting the arrival of the Earl of Arundel.
The appointment of Prince Casimir, brother of the King of
Poland, to his regiment, throws light on the affair of the marriage
with the Palatine princess. All this is for information.
Approval of his decision to leave London and to follow the
Court, in order to avoid the plague.
Ayes, 76. Noes, 1. Neutral, 2.
8. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the Hague,
to the Doge and Senate.
The Ambassador Joachimi has spoken in the Assembly about
the English claims at sea and their demands for a licence from
fishermen. The Prince says that the States would take a high
tone if they were not at war with the Austrians, and once a
truce is concluded they will put forward their own claims and go
to war with England if they continue in this state of mind. I
hear, however, that all the merchants submit, because they do
not want to run risks. Even war ships do the same, though the
States pretend not to know. But with the fishermen it may be
different, as in that case interest, which has more influence
with this people than questions of reputation, may lead to great
The English have seized a Dutch ship in the Thames, but the
States do not resent it, as they admit that the ship was attacking
a Dunkirker in the river. (fn. 7)
The French announce that what the King of England told the
Princess Palatine he had written to the emperor, is not true.
That the English will unite with the Austrians and attack these
Provinces. That they care nothing for the Palatine House,
and so forth, the result of passion and of the fear of a breach
between England and France.
The Hague, the 19th June, 1636.
9. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
The seizure of the Dutch ships is confirmed. The king has
received letters this week from the Earl of Northumberland,
who writes that some of his ships fell in with a Dutch one taking
the Ambassador Joachimi, and compelled the captain to render
the obedience he had neglected either from ignorance of his duty
or from carelessness of the consequences. They also found
another warship of the States which had pursued and taken a
tartana of the Dunkirkers right into one of the ports of England.
He took possession of both claiming them as lawful booty,
the more so because the Dutch, not content with having violated
the king's orders at sea, had also set foot on land, pursuing
the Dunkirkers who took refuge there to have to save their
lives. But the Ambassador Beveren, who is deeply grieved to
see the first blows of this fleet fall upon his country, says he is
very well informed of the truth of the matter and gives a different
account. He says that from the ship conveying Joachimi they
demanded not only what they might rightly claim, but something
unreasonable that was never done. Not content with a salute
from the guns and the lowering of the standard, the English
wanted all the sails completely lowered, a thing that could never
be conceded except to force. The Dunkirk tartana was not
taken in the ports of England, but surrendered to the Dutch
on terms in the middle of the sea, as it chanced to find itself
separated from many others which had captured four Dutch
barques ; so he maintains that they have no reason here to take
that action in here, and this time their severity has entirely
passed the bounds of discretion. Meanwhile he is carefully
preparing to defend his case at length before his Majesty, not
only upon these incidents, but on the whole question. At the
same time he declares frankly that his masters certainly will
not put up with so hard a servitude for long, as their forces are
quite strong enough, if they like to use them, to exact a proper
respect from anyone soever.
Thus whereas it was thought that this ambassador might
serve as the instrument to establish a closer union between those
Provinces and this crown it would seem that the occasion rather
presents itself to him to break off all good relations. But he is
and wishes to be a discreet minister above everything, and
although he speaks somewhat sharply yet he shows great tact in
keeping things in the proper way. He quietly uses his knowledge
of the fact that the depression of his masters is not desired, in
the interests of England herself, and of the security which she
derives from them, and although they are very ardent about the
dominion over these seas, they will not, on that account decide
upon an open rupture with the States, and so he is not without
hope of leaving everything before his departure in a quieter
and safer condition than before.
The Polish ambassador had his public audience yesterday
at Hampton Court. After that he desired at once to see the king,
queen and the Prince Palatine privately. He stayed much longer
with the queen than with any of the others, but it has not yet
been possible to find out with certainty what he negotiated
with any of them, except that he thanked the king for his aid
in assisting the disputes between Sweden and Poland. It is
already stated that he has no power to conclude anything about
the marriage with the Palatine princess, and they fear that the
difficulties raised on the score of religion are merely a pretext for
breaking off the business entirely, as the lukewarmness shown by
Poland in the conduct of this affair does not at all agree with the
ardour with which the king there was supposed to desire it.
The councillors and secretaries of the Prince Palatine here
begin to say that it might be better for the interests of their
master that this marriage should be made with some prince of
Germany, who could uphold his claim more appropriately, as
it should be less difficult for a prince of the empire to undertake
the direction, with supporters near at hand, than for the King
of Poland, who, although more influential and powerful, is a long
way off, and generally diverted by matters of grave consequence
for his own kingdom, so that he cannot always be in the position
to bear so great a burden even if he wishes.
But who can this prince be, now that Germany is laid waste
everywhere, who is powerful enough and willing to make this
marriage ? It is not very easy to see, so people conclude that the
Palatines use these arts to help the business or else to save their
face in case the result they desire is not achieved.
No later news has come from the Earl of Arundel besides
what arrived from Frankfort. He is to wait for the emperor
at some place between Vienna and Ratisbon, where it is suitable
for him to be admitted to audience, and it seems that he has
decided to stop at Linz, whence they hope soon to have some
advice of his negotiations by a special messenger.
The king's barque arrested at Calais has now been sold, after
the decision that it was lawful booty, as they would not accept
its restitution here as an act of grace.
The Duke of Bouillon has passed this way without seeing his
Majesty. They are the more displeased at this because he visited
the Ambassador Senneterre and the Dutch ambassadors. The
ambassadors apologise declaring that he only stayed a few hours
here, and was obliged to proceed with all speed to Holland in
order to stay the French troops who were embarked at
Rotterdam. (fn. 8)
At the beginning of next week the Court will proceed to
Oatlands, to remain there about three weeks. To avoid difficulty
in obtaining quarters I decided to forestall them and have found
a dwelling that will suffice not more than a mile from there.
Cersey, the 20th June, 1636.
10. Piero Foscarini, Venetian Bailo at Constantinople,
to the Doge and Senate.
The Emino of the Arsenal has now been appointed Capigi
Larchiaisi, and is in great favour with his Majesty. He is a
very wary and subtle individual. His appointment was unexpected
and bears little relation to his office of Emino. I propose to send
him a present, as the English ambassador, who is his great friend,
represents him to me as a man of extraordinary capacity, equal
to conducting the greatest affairs, and possessing an intimate
knowledge of naval matters.
The Vigne of Pera, the 21st June, 1636.
11. Giovanni Battista Ballarino, Venetian Secretary in
Germany, to the Doge and Senate.
The Earl of Arundel arrived at Linz two days after I left. (fn. 9) On the
road he met and conferred with the King of Hungary, who received
him with extraordinary marks of honour and esteem, expressing
his sincere desire to see all the present differences adjusted. The
emperor, equally anxious to honour him, has given orders for
him to be freely defrayed with all his suite, which is not usual
with ambassadors. He also took the earl to the chase and
sports, always showing him remarkable courtesy. This indicates
his Majesty's propensity towards an accommodation. However
they have not yet entered into the merits of the affair, and will
not utter a word without the Count of Ognat, who is still convalescent
at Vienna, and does not propose to travel at present.
The nuncio also claims to be heard before anything is arranged
about the Palatine family. He asserts that he wants to be
present in order to oppose a conclusion. But it is not really so,
indeed I have been assured in confidence that he will forward an
agreement, although with circumspection. Some weeks ago he
told me that the Most Christian ought not to mind an alliance
between Austria and England. The latter only had sea forces,
with which they had not been able to do anything to speak of
against Charles V, at a time when England had Calais and was
allied with France. He said that their forces would only serve
to injure the Dutch at sea. What Baglioni dislikes most of all
is the report that the Earl of Arundel will try to arrange for his
king's interposition for a general peace, as this would take the
affair out of the pope's hands.
Noistot, the 22nd June, 1636.
12. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
The English ambassador extraordinary is paying his visits to
the ministers, thus confirming that he did not pay the usual
compliments at his first audience. They think he is waiting to
hear from England the reply given by the emperor to the Earl of
Arundel before he opens his negotiations.
Paris, the 24th June, 1636.
13. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the
Hague, to the Doge and Senate.
The Princess Palatine told me she had heard from Prussia
that the king of Poland insists upon a change of religion, as
otherwise the estates of the realm will not approve of the marriage.
Accordingly it is expected that the affair will fall through, since
the ladies are obstinate and the Princess's mother inclines to
think that the king has cooled and raises this difficulty in order
to make it appear that the breach came from her side.
The Hague, the 26th June, 1636.
14. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
Besides the compliments already related the Polish ambassador
announced the ardent wish of his king to marry the Palatine
princess, above all on account of the connection with the English
crown. He said that certain difficulties still remained in the
way of a final settlement, and as his king could not remove them
he hoped that his Majesty here would exert himself to that end.
Here he touched on the point of religion, showing that if the
change did not come from the princess's side, he could not treat
of any thing further, as the constitutions of the realm and the
king's oath to observe them did not permit it. Although the
ambassador advanced this suggestion gently the king grew quite
heated at it. He said he thought the ambassador had come to
further the marriage treaty not to break it off. He could not
help feeling the utmost astonishment, after he had contributed
so much for the welfare of the King of Poland and shown such
readiness to do everything to please him, at finding such a poor
response to his friendship, when they came to make such utterly
unreasonable proposals to him in a matter of so much consequence.
The interests of his niece would never make him forget those of
his own reputation. Anyone who tried to injure that in any way
soever was not his friend, and would indeed put him to the
necessity of seeking revenge at the risk of all he possessed. The
sharpness of this reply did not allow the ambassador much
latitude for his answer ; but he justified his master with propriety
in a very modest and civil manner, though it availed nothing to
assuage his Majesty's passion. In order that he might not see
him again, the king told the ambassador that if he had anything
better to propose he should make his exposition to the secretaries
Although somewhat dashed by this encounter the ambassador
set forth his instructions more freely before the queen, pointing
out the harm the tranquillity of Poland might suffer by this
mixture of religion in the royal house. He urged her very strongly
to make every possible effort to soothe his Majesty and induce
him, if not to permit, at least not to thwart the arrangements
which might be made for maturing this affair to the satisfaction
of both parties. She promised everything, but has done little,
as she is usually reluctant to interfere in matters of grave
consequence, especially those which concern the interests of the
He had no better fortune with the secretaries of state, as they
kept exactly to the terms of his Majesty's reply. They expressed
themselves, indeed, more directly, saying that he had great
reason for offence, since they wished to make him the instrument
for violating his niece's soul, to adopt a religion which he himself
disapproved. It was well known that the custom in Poland
was to leave every one's conscience free, and they ought not to
set limits to any one, least of all a princess of such rank. The
queen here enjoys the rites of her own faith without hindrance,
although they differ entirely from those of the king and from
those which his realms are required to observe, with severity.
It is only reasonable that the same should be done in the present
case, as there are fewer obstacles, owing to the liberty of the
Poles. It was not a novelty for his king that the princess should
follow the doctrine of Calvin, but it was something very novel
that difficulties should be raised upon that point here, after the
matter had been in negotiation for such a long time. If they
meant that they did not want to go any further, they could do
so undisguisedly, and it might possibly cause less resentment
The ambassador replied that to give satisfaction to the estates
his king could not behave differently, although he was very
eager to carry the business through, possibly at all risks. One
who spoke for others could not go beyond his limits, although
personally he wished to give every satisfaction. These were
only beginnings (principii), and if regarded less severely some
mitigation might be found such as to satisfy all parties. The
secretaries, however, did not change their original tone. They
seemed disinclined to continue the conversation, and so the
In spite of all this the ambassador wished to try his fortune
with the Archbishop also, possibly hoping that he might find
him more ready to approve his proposals, and use him to recommend
them to his Majesty, as one reputed to be a great friend
to the Catholics, and who certainly possesses more influence with
the king at present than any one else soever. But where he
expected to find more mildness he encountered greater severity,
indeed such angry words that he cannot complain of them
enough. The archbishop told him he had made a great mistake
if he addressed himself to him with the idea that he would find
him so weak as to yield to his persuasions, and to undertake,
contrary to his conscience, to his duty as a minister and to his
unstained loyalty, to persuade the king to do what he disliked
so much. Whatever the outcome might be, the only recommendation
he would attempt or listen to would be to rebuke
an act unworthy of his greatness, which would leave an everlasting
stain visible on his reputation. If the King of Poland
intended to conclude this marriage he must try some other way.
This one was certainly the worst of all and the most dangerous.
Protestations and violence only impressed vile spirits born for
servitude, not princes, who are magnanimous and generous
by nature and cannot endure to be treated basely. He went on
with this outcry and such biting remarks, without affording the
ambassador an opportunity to say a word in defence of his cause.
He also showed very scant respect for him personally, and so let
him leave full of dissatisfaction.
With the Prince Palatine the ambassador did not go beyond
simple terms of courtesy and the expression of the excellent
intention of his king to confirm the friendship which he professes
by a closer union. He found a middle course about titles, to
avoid disputes. He spoke in German and used a word by which
he said it would not be easy to distinguish whether he meant
Prince or Elector.
I have had all the above particulars from the ambassador
himself. He goes about protesting loudly to everyone, saying
that he has been received, not as the ambassador of a great king
but as if he were a charlatan. He protests that he has done
his duty in every particular and if they do not give him better
answers, he will depart. He will at least have the consolation
of having served his king well, and in the assurance that if the
negotiations do not go any further, the fault will not be his but
entirely due to the stiffness of England.
He proposes to take leave of his Majesty on Monday, and will
proceed to France to carry out at that Court other commissions
which he holds. He leaves a report that he will return here
very soon to carry out such orders as may arrive in the meantime,
but he told me very clearly that if he comes back it will only
be for the greater convenience of his journey. Meanwhile the
discontent and perplexity of the Court are as great as the
dissatisfaction of the ambassador. No one has much hope
of the matter being arranged at any time. This insistance on
the point of reputation does not meet with the approval of
everyone, as such good fortune, once lost, may not easily recur.
It is quite true that it does not seem right to them that they
wished to treat of religion here from the other side, indeed so
improper that it makes them dubious as to whether the Poles
did not want to make a pretext for getting out of the business,
into which they entered of their own accord by means of this
same Zavaschi when his Majesty was in Scotland. However
this may be, it is certain that delay cannot fail to be pernicious
to the business, as the Austrians, who would dislike the conclusion
so much, only want time in order to upset it.
In the mean time they will send Gordon from here to Poland,
to forestall any ill offices which Zavaschi may perform by his
letters, and assuring that crown that they are as friendly towards
him as ever. He will have to find out if other means remain for
the conclusion of the marriage.
Cersey, the 27th June, 1636.
|15. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
The Dutch ambassador has not yet spoken about the ship
seized by the Earl of Northumberland's squadron, (fn. 10) but is awaiting
full particulars of the circumstance. His hopes are fainter than
his rights as he remembers the ill success of Joachimi on similar
occasions. I went to see him the day before yesterday and found
him in great agitation, lamenting the lack of good correspondence
for his masters at this Court. He complains that eleven of the
sailors of the ship taken last year (fn. 11) are still in prison, and no food
is supplied to them. He assured me he had freely told the
Secretary Coke that they could hardly treat the Dutch worse
than they are doing just now if they were enemies, as they subject
them to the results of a tacit war, while they, on their side, lost
no opportunity of showing affection and respect for his Majesty.
If this wind blew more strongly it would drive the Provinces to
come to terms with the Spaniards, and if England suffers from this
either in trade or in other ways, she will only have herself to thank.
He went on to tell me about the Dutch ambassador at Venice
leaving for Paris. (fn. 12) He did not think that a successor would be
appointed, an agent could do all that was necessary.
The Earl of Arundel confirms his decision to wait for the
emperor at Linz, and that in the mean time he has gone to confer
with the King of Hungary at Norlinghen.
The Court has all gone to Oatlands, where his Majesty is amusing
himself with the princes, his nephews, in the pleasures of the chase.
His Majesty has granted the post formerly occupied by the
late Earl of Carlisle to the Earl of Holland, who petitioned for it
with more eagerness and humility than the others. (fn. 13)
The merchant of the King of Persia, together with the ducal
missives of the 26th January, has arrived here only at this moment.
I will help him diligently, as directed, provided he is able to
express what he wants. So far I have found a difficulty about
this, as he has no interpreter, I hope he will not leave here
I have received this week the State despatches of the 30th ult.
Cersey, the 27th June, 1636.