99. To the Ambassador in England.
We enclose a copy of a letter from the Captain of the Great
Galleys about an English ship, for information and so that you
may be able to reply if the subject is brought up. We also
enclose a request of the English ambassador for the exemption
of his wine from duty. We consider this claim unjustified but
have directed the magistrates to observe the ordinary use with
ambassadors of crowned heads. The secretary has not returned
to repeat the demand. This is for information, to be used only if
Ayes, 108. Noes, 1. Neutral, 6.
100. Request made in the Collegio by the secretary of
the English ambassador with a paper asking that the wine for
his house should not have to pay duty, stating that his predecessors
never had paid any duty. The magistracy of the
Revisers and Regulators of the Customs and the Proveditori
of the Customs were directed to reply, who replied unfavourably,
if he should return to repeat the request, but he did not do so.
The paper, reply and what the secretary said are enclosed in the
letter written to the English ambassador on the 1st of November,
being sent to him in copies for his information.
101. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
The Ambassador Leicester returned from England a few days
ago, and a courier also came who was sent back at once. The
earl goes about saying that they are agreed as to the end but not
thoroughly about the means, and he sees it is difficult to make an
adjustment between two great crowns like these, because one
who is at peace wishes to enjoy it and seems reluctant to take
up war. They keep the particulars of the negotiations very
secret, but I am assured on the authority of one who professes
to know that the principal point of an offensive and defensive
alliance is practically settled.
Amiens, the 4th November, 1636.
102. Giovanni Battista Ballarino, Venetian Secretary
in Germany, to the Doge and Senate.
The long and frequent conferences of Arundel with the king,
the emperor and the Count of Ognat convince me that they are
making the greatest efforts through the interposition of England
for an agreement with the French, which shall comprise the
affairs of the Palatinate and of the Duke of Lorraine. In spite of
the obstacles it is certain that the emperor and the king will do
what they can for an adjustment. The question of the Palatinate
seemed to be all undone these last days, but now it is being
revived more than ever, but very secretly and the emperor
himself is mediator. The cession is suggested of the part of
the Lower Palatinate which is held by the Spaniards, on condition
that England will help against the Dutch and others ; and
that the part held by Bavaria shall also be ceded, shutting
out all further claims ; the vote to go to the Palatine if the
Bavarian line dies out. But Bavaria remains obdurate and
Arundel says he will leave in a few days, as permission has
reached him. Outwardly he expresses dissatisfaction with this
Court, but it is not really so and the thread of the negotiations
always remains in being. Teller will stay here to conduct it
and if some opening presents itself for an easy and quick settlement,
it is possible that some other ambassador of that crown
will come to arrange it.
Ratisbon, the 4th November, 1636.
103. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
Nothing of importance has occurred this week, the king being
absent, and no replies have come from the Earl of Leicester.
The French ambassadors say that the arrangement is approaching
a conclusion, though they do not give any particulars. The
Palatine has told the Dutch ambassador, with whom he
frequently confers, that he hoped very soon to see his affairs
prosperously launched ; not by way of a composition with the
emperor, from whom he did not believe that anything of a
friendly character could ever be obtained, although he is just
now making a show of willingness to restore to him that part of
his dominions which is held by the Spaniards in the Lower
Palatinate, but by means of a good alliance between this crown
and the most Christian. The Palatine's secretary, Curtius,
confirmed this to me this morning. He assured me that his
Majesty considered the matter as settled. However this may
be, a few days should decide the question, since the carrying
into effect of the things agreed must of necessity be public.
Curtius asked me if the letter he gave me for your Serenity had
arrived and if there was any answer, as the prince would like to
know. I told him the letter had arrived and had gratified your
Serenity, who always entertained a high esteem for that House.
I said that no answer had reached me but I would let him have
it as soon as it did. So he left me and seemed satisfied.
They have not yet received news of the arrival of the
Ambassador Joachimi in Holland. They are waiting with
impatience to hear how the States will have taken the replies
given here about the matter of the fishermen. The fleet, at any
rate, will not give them any more trouble this year, as it has
almost all withdrawn to the Downs and a great part has come
into the River.
Nothing more is said about the affair of the Secretary Windebank,
and he claims to have entirely recovered the royal favour.
He certainly frequents the Court with great freedom, and both
within the Council and without exercises the duties of his office
with the same liberty as before.
I have shown the decision of the Senate of the 1st August
last about the export from Venice of the oils of Apulia for this
kingdom, forwarded to me by the Proveditori for Oil, to more
than one of the merchants here, who are accustomed to deal in
that commodity. I have urged them strongly to take up the
matter, pointing out the very great advantage that they will
receive particularly in the exemption from the duty. Some of
them seemed ready to make the experiment, and although they
raise objections about the long quarantine which their ships
have to make in Venetian ports for reasons of public health,
yet once they have begun the trade I hope that they will give
it an excellent start, especially as the last decisions in their
favour in the matter of the currants seem to have increased their
inclination to carry on every kind of trade with the Venetian
I have received the state despatch of the 10th ult. I do not
know what to say about the attitude of the Spanish ministers.
The ambassador here shows no sign of responding to my office.
The day before yesterday he intimated to a confidant of mine
that to go any further he needed instructions from Spain. I do
not think him sincere, even if the orders from the Catholic
arrive. Nicolaldi has never been to see me, though his quality
as Resident does not require him to be so punctilious. In the
mean time I will maintain the dignity of the state.
Windsor, the 7th November, 1636.
|104. Anzolo Correr, Venetian ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
Begs that his successor may be chosen to give him breathing
space and enable him to serve the state better, as the time
prescribed by the laws for service in that embassy has now
Windsor, the 7th November, 1636.
105. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
Before the despatch of the last courier the Ambassador
Leicester sent another to England. He has received a reply that
the courier will very speedily be sent back with a favourable
answer, so they consider the matter as good as settled here.
I hear that among the other articles there is one that the war shall be
continued not only until the Prince Palatine is restored to his'
dominions and electoral dignity, but until the other princes of
Germany have returned to the peaceful possession of their states.
England is to abandon the Duke of Lorraine and in exchange
France will give up Bavaria. Four weeks after the treaty has
been concluded and ratified they will invite your Serenity to enter
Paris, the 11th November, 1636.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
106. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the
Hague, to the Doge and Senate.
The Ambassador Joachimi has made his report about the
fisheries to the Assembly, on the lines already indicated. The
English claim that the fishermen pay willingly to have the
protection, but their admiral protests that the English threatened
force if the contribution was not paid. This question touches
the feelings of the whole ministry here in their most sensitive
part, and they protest unanimously with all their might that they
will not pass over the injury. The prince says the same though
he states that present circumstances oblige the Provinces to
proceed with deliberation. Meanwhile the fishing season is
over for this year.
The Prince Palatine gives his mother great hopes that the
king will declare himself. He also reports the activities of
Ognat who, we hear independently, is bribing the ministers, so
the Princess is torn between hopes and fears.
The Hague, the 13th November, 1636.
107. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
Results have shown in the end that the ministers here did
not announce such specious particulars about the projected
alliance with France without some secret artful purpose ; because,
as they themselves can hardly deny, they hoped thereby to
compel the Spanish ambassador to make a counter move and
explain the most secret part of his instructions, if he had any for
the adjustment of the affairs of the Palatine ; but since they have
discovered that he either has no orders, or will not make them
known, on the arrival of another courier from the Earl of Leicester,
with more moderate proposals and more advantageous for them
here, after his Majesty had first made some alterations, they sent
back orders to him and gave him power to conclude.
The principal articles in the later form are known, although
not to an absolute certainty. The King of Great Britain will
promise to maintain his fleet to defend and secure the ports of
the Most Christian on the Ocean. With the same he will prevent
food, munitions of war, money and soldiers from entering any
port of the King of Spain. He will not permit the Catholic
to make any levies in his realms during the present war, but will
grant one to the Most Christian of 6000 infantry, and will cause
it to be reinforced with recruits from time to time as required.
On the other side it shall be declared that France is bound never
to make peace unless the emperor and the King of Spain have
restored to the Prince Palatine full possession of all his dominions,
or unless they consent here to some other just arrangement.
There is a more secret article about the electoral dignity and the
French ministers giving the Prince the title of Elector in the
meantime ; but as I have only succeeded with great difficulty
in finding out what I know, so I have not been able to learn the
rest, as no one will speak freely from fear that the aspect of
affairs may still change. Thus I have noticed the French
ambassadors so reserved that one might almost say they suspected
me, especially as upon other occasions M. de Poygne has always
been accustomed to make me a most confidential communication
with every courtesy.
If the agreements are stipulated as above it is claimed that the
affairs of the Palatine will be benefited with slight inconvenience
to England, and with almost the certainty of an excellent
accomodation, a matter to which they devoted their chief attention
here, since they recognise that present circumstances do not permit
them to undertake great things, the treasury being very exhausted,
and it is most difficult to replenish it except by parliament.
Although the French may not be much strengthened by the
arrangement, yet it yields them three important advantages, it
prevents the transport of money and troops to Flanders, which
generally go there on English ships or protected by them ; they
can rest satisfied that this crown will not make an alliance with
the Spaniards, and it will be a great convenience for them to take
troops from these realms, over which they have always encountered
the most serious difficulties in the past, even if the guarding
of the ports and the stopping of the ships taking munitions
etc. from Spain to Flanders are not carried out by his Majesty's
fleet with the punctuality required by the articles, because unless
it is commanded by the Palatine himself there is no serious
indication that others will take the superiority which they claim at sea
so much to heart as to take action to prevent its realisation (perche se
non fosse dal medesimo Palatino condotta, non v'e gran apparenza
che altri ne possino prendere a cuore tanto il pensiero et la
superiorita che si pretende mantenere sopra il mare dovendo
apportare molte cause di diversione per trascurarne gli effetti).
The treaty is to be concluded in France, since their final
decisions on the subject have been taken here and they are only
waiting for the stipulations. I have sent the information to the
In consequence of this all idea of sending any one to the
congress at Cologne has vanished utterly. They would not wish
to say anything about the Prince Palatine taking the field if
he himself did not keep the matter alive by his repeated instances
to have a force to himself. They give him every consolation
in words, but before they come to the achievement of his desires
more than one difficulty will have to be overcome.
Panzani, having obtained permission from the pope to return
to Rome, came to see me the day before yesterday. He expressed
especial devotion to your Excellencies and I made a suitable
response. He leaves the direction of his principal operations
in the hands of Mr. George Coneo, his successor, who is a Scot
and a secular. He will have freer entry everywhere and with
less observation. He will continue to try and obtain a position
of ever greater favour for the Catholic faith, always covered by
the authority of the queen who really seems to devote herself
with enthusiasm to this matter. He has never performed any
office of confidence with me, and I am consequently perplexed
about it, because he deals with the other ambassadors with
complete freedom. I have tried through my informant to find
out if he by chance had any instructions from Rome not to keep
up correspondence with me, but he has never consented to express
himself clearly. But I fancy that his actions speak sufficiently
of themselves to give this credit.
I have got a gentleman of my household to ask Sir [John]
Finet if he had found out any thing about what I had said
to him upon the behaviour of the Ambassador Ognat to me.
He replied that he had not discovered any more than he had
reported to me, but that he should see him on the following day
and would send me word of what he got out of him. Accordingly,
after two days he sent me the enclosed letter, which I forward to
your Serenity as I received it, so that you may consider the
contents. You will observe that he wants to introduce a new
fashion in the compliments customarily exchanged between
foreign ministers, claiming, perhaps as a mark of the difference
which he has already said he wished to make between his king
and the republic, that he is not bound to respond to the office
which I performed with him through the secretary, and as for the
title which he gave me, he pretends that he does not remember.
These are traits which very vividly show his unfriendly disposition
in this affair, and how he aims, if he can, at gaining some
advantage over your Serenity's ministers, in which he will
certainly find himself mistaken.
Zonca has got back from Holland after leaving the cipher
with the Ambassador Michiel.
Windsor, the 14th November, 1636.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
108. Letter to the Ambassador from Sir John Finet.
In fulfilment of my duty and your service I was at the Spanish
ambassador's the other day, and asked him, as tactfully as
possible, the question your gentleman gave me touching his
intention to return the visit you made him by your secretary,
and to give you the proper title, which your secretary noticed he
only gave you by third person. He replied briefly that he
remembered nothing about the title, and he did not think it
the duty of the last comer to return by his servant the visit
which the first comer had made by his. For the rest he was your
servant etc. In a word I scarcely find him disposed to correspond
with your Excellency yet. What time may produce is uncertain.
Chiswick, the 31st October, old style, 1636.
Signed : Jean Finet.
Endorsed : A monseigneur Angelo Coraro, Ambr. pour la
Serenissme Republique de Venise pres sa Matie. à Charter
House ou la part ou il sera.
109. Giovanni Battista Ballarino, Venetian Secretary
in Germany, to the Doge and Senate.
The Earl of Arundel set out for home unexpectedly, very
early this morning, after having a long audience of the emperor
yesterday evening. Amid various reports nothing certain can
be ascertained except that nothing has been settled in the matters
about which he treated.
Ratisbon, the 19th November, 1636.
110. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the
Hague, to the Doge and Senate.
The English Resident, seeing the lengths to which the affair
of the fisheries has gone, has informed the government that
although his king will not discuss the question of the sovereignty
of the sea, yet he desires to do what is pleasing to the States,
and if they considered that the tax is too heavy he will be pleased
to appoint commissioners to adjust the matter. He received
a sharp reply ; but he told them that if they would gratify his
king in this matter they would receive complete satisfaction.
The Prince told him with a smile that he felt absolutely certain
that whenever these Provinces might chance to arrange a truce
England would alter her plans. There seems to be no middle
term. The point is not the amount of the contribution, but the
liberty claimed by the Provinces. They are absolutely opposed
to the sovereignty claimed by the king. Thus it is certain they
will contemplate a war, as fierce as it will be difficult, in order to
settle the matter.
The Hague, the 20th November, 1636.
111. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
The ministers are exclusively occupied in providing funds for
the fleet in the event of the agreement with France obliging
England to scour the narrow seas even in the winter, for although
no ratification has been received from the Earl of Leicester the
matter is expected to have the desired end so that nothing
requisite may be found wanting. Yet the difficulties in collecting
the ordinary imposts become constantly greater, excuses of not
being able or not being obliged being offered in defence. Moreover
as it seems that only the counties adjacent to the sea are bound to
contribute for the guarding thereof, the others claim that they
went beyond their duty in the voluntary payment to which
they have submitted in the last two years, and when it is a
question of employing the ships in the service of foreign princes
they declare that they cannot be compelled to make any payment,
and if the king wishes to make war or assist his friends he must
of necessity have recourse to parliament, from which every one
of his predecessors always received abundant supplies of all
the money that they needed for the maintenance or service of
the state. Thus those whose only study is to find opportunities
for reopening the doors of parliament which they grieve to see
closed so long because they cannot exercise their authority over
the innovations which they do not like, encourage to the utmost
the reluctance of the people, and make the noise of their complaints
reach the king's ears even more loudly than is really the case,
all in order to force him to a decision which they know it is
hopeless to expect he will ever take of his own accord. But his
Majesty's intentions are very different, and if the service and
reputation of the crown, the sole stimulus which has led him to
the present resolution, are not sufficient to justify the contributions
which he demands, he intends to break down all
obstruction, by the example of the past and the exercise of
his royal authority, and make the way clear, not only for this
but for future occasions, to obtain all the assistance which he may
need for the requirements of the state. To this effect very strong
orders have been issued to all the officials of the realm to compel
all, without distinction, to make payment of the portions which
they owe, and to chastise those who will not do so, or who go
about proclaiming their objections with improper opinions. By
this means and by the recent increase of the customs they hope
very quickly to collect a considerable sum of money, so that they
can immediately begin to use it, even if the need becomes
The ministers are now paying much greater attention than usual
to the events of foreign Courts. They are awaiting the issue of
events at Corbie (fn. 1) and of the affairs of Picardy with some anxiety.
They certainly do not want to hear of any further successes of
the Spaniards in that quarter. The diet of Ratisbon is not
expected to end very soon, and doubts are entertained whether
the election of a King of the Romans will result satisfactorily.
Many rejoice as this is considered favourable for the negotiations
of England, as she may probably obtain better terms.
While the affairs of Germany are subject to such great fluctuations
and now the Swedes have gained so great an advantage
over the Imperialists and Saxons, they do not seem so anxious
for a general peace in the empire as they have been in the past,
but rather desire a universal settlement whereby, always without
the necessity for constant expense, the interests of the Palatine
may be adjusted. I have good grounds for saying this, and his
Majesty's own words bear it out, as he told me that they desired
this union and a happy issue to the congress at Cologne for the
repose of Christendom. I seized the opportunity to commend his
intentions and thought fit to tell him of the decision of your
Excellencies to send thither the Cavalier Pesari. I noticed
that his Majesty was very pleased and he expressed his appreciation
of the interposition of the republic in so grave a matter,
as her intentions and operations, so he said, had always shown her
most anxious for the quiet of Christendom. He said he was
glad a minister of such great merit was to be employed, and
from what he knew of him he was sure the greatest advantages
might be anticipated for the public weal. (fn. 2)
Although things have undergone such a great change, there
still seems to be a wish to send an English minister of eminence
to Cologne, as they think it would be detrimental to their
reputation for such important negotiations to be conducted
without the presence of a representative of the King of Great
Britain, although there are so many difficulties in the way that
it is thought it will fall through in the end.
Meanwhile the Earl of Arundel continues to display his deep
dissatisfaction in most numerous despatches, but he never says
he has left the Court, although the free permission to do so has
certainly reached him. So far as the scant satisfaction he has
received from Cæsar is concerned, they would like him gone,
but on the other hand, with respect to the advantage for the
negotiations with France, they are glad of his staying and they
will not send him further instructions until that affair is settled.
Rossi late Secretary to the Ambassador Michiel has left here
for Venice this morning to submit himself to the judgment of
the Council of Ten.
The state despatches of the 25th ult. have just arrived by the
ordinary of Antwerp. I am unable to understand how my letters
have gone astray.
Hampton, the 21st November, 1636.
Consiglio di X,
112. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Council of Ten.
Immediately I received the decision of the Council of Ten
against Giovanni Battista Rosso, notary extraordinary of the
chancery, of the 16th October last, I instructed him to present
himself a prisoner, within the space of two months, to answer
upon that decision.
Hampton, the 21st November, 1636.
113. Copy of Sentence pronounced by the Council of Ten
on the 16th October against Giovanni Battista Rosso, that he
present himself to prison, to answer the charge of abandoning
his post as secretary to the Ambassador Michiel at the Hague
and proceeding to England, taking the cipher with him, and of
uttering indecent expressions against the ambassador and his
114. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
The two couriers sent by the ambassadors have arrived from
England. They have already made their final propositions to
Bullion and are waiting for the reply for the conclusion of the
treaty. It is not thought that they will delay long before giving
this now the Cardinal has arrived, as they were only waiting
for him to put the final touches to the affair. I have in addition
that France will be obliged to keep up a certain number of troops
for the service of Germany and England to keep a certain
number of ships at sea until the end of the war. An agent of
that crown who has remained here (fn. 3) will take the treaty to England
to be signed, as there are certain matters to adjust concerning
navigation, the other essential points being settled.
Paris, the 25th November, 1636.
115. Giovanni Battista Ballarino, Venetian Secretary
in Germany, to the Doge and Senate.
The sudden departure of the Earl of Arundel has given rise
to much discussion. What is certain is that he had long and
secret conference as reported, with the emperor, the king and the
Count of Ognat. The last in spite of his indisposition, received
him several times. All of them showed an exceptional desire
to settle the difficulty. His Majesty went so far as to suggest the
cession of Heidelberg, Frankenthal and other places. Commendatore
Griffoni, minister of the Grand Duke, took part in the
conferences, to help further a reconciliation between Lorraine
and France and with the hope of a marriage between the Palatine
and the Grand Duke's sister. The bishop and the other commissioners
went to the house of the Earl of Arundel by the
emperor's command to offer these concessions, on three conditions :
(1) to grant troops or money to the Spaniards, as they may please,
or at least an alliance against those who disturb the peace of the
empire ; thus seeking help against the Swedes. (2) The Palatine
family to renounce all claims against the Duke of Bavaria. (3)
The Palatine family to abandon all thought of the electoral vote
while the Bavarian line lasts. When Arundel heard this last
point I understand that he was greatly stirred and rose in great
wrath from his seat saying that this was not the way to an
agreement but to a rupture.
The Count of Verdembergh told me the particulars. He said
he was sure from the reports of Radolti from England that it
was not the desire of that crown that the matter should be dealt
with with so much warmth. That was entirely due to the excessive
devotion of the Earl of Arundel to the Princess Palatine. In
this way the meeting broke up and on the following day his
Excellency, having decided to go, he asked for audience of the
emperor and king for his final leave taking. The former was
indisposed and asked Arundel to wait a little. The ambassador
consented and went to audience on Tuesday evening, leaving on
the following morning. He halted at Nurenberg where Colonel
Lessel (fn. 4) went to present him with a diamond worth 2000 crowns,
and to resume negotiations. But so far we do not hear of his
receiving any reply, except that the king, his master, had not
given him power to conclude the matter in a form of that
character ; but it might be possible to propose some easy mode
of setting up the Duke of Lorraine again, if he received the
satisfaction he desired in other respects. He would report
everything, and with Teller remaining at this Court in the
capacity of Resident, the business will not be abandoned and
Teller will await the orders which will be sent to him from home.
The earl expressed his intention to confer with the Princess
Palatine and hear her views, reporting afterwards to his king.
The ministers here, though they do not express themselves
openly, fear a rupture. The Spaniards maintain the contrary,
especially Father Chiroga (fn. 5) and the Count of Ognat. They
assured the emperor that with the disagreement between parliament
and the king the English will not commit themselves to
open war or to money contributions, and still less to loss of trade
with Spain, to uphold princes who have no interests and connections
with that kingdom. They assert that the very worst
they have to fear is secret help and encouragement to the French
and the Swedes against the emperor, with money and troops,
and the Queen Mother may encourage this. So far they do not
know what to decide and they will wait with curiosity to hear
what steps that Court will take. Their fears are fed by reports
spread by Arundel that the King of England is taking steps to
increase his forces, and the French party and the Dutch minister
as well encourage the belief in an alliance between France, Sweden
and Holland against the Catholic which will be concluded so soon
as the news of this rupture has arrived.
Ratisbon, the 25th November, 1636.
116. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
The Earl of Arundel writes that he is remaining at the Imperial
Court, being detained by the pressure and specious promises of
the King of Hungary. He says the ministers there seem much
more disposed than usual to give every possible satisfaction to
England for a final adjustment of the Palatine's affairs. He says
they offer the whole of that portion of the Lower Palatinate
at present occupied by the Spaniards, and that they will find
suitable means for satisfying Bavaria for restoring the part which
he holds, such as giving him another part of the states to hold
in exchange for life. The Council discusses this and desires
Arundel not to leave Vienna for the moment, but to urge the
instant performance of these promises, and to pass over in
silence the claims to the electoral vote, if he sees that after
Bavaria's death they cannot without great difficulty arrange
for it to return to the Palatine House. It is pretended that once
this most essential point has been determined, it may be possible
if the subject is not referred to, to proceed subsequently with
the rest under more favourable conditions in accordance with
the nature of the terms and circumstances.
There is no doubt but that the offers of the Austrians are
merely the result of exceeding sagacity, to prevent the establishment
of the agreement with France, as the grievances of the Duke
of Bavaria against that crown are too well known as well as his
resolute declaration that he will not, for such an accomodation,
consent to any terms soever. But here they think it no bad
thing to keep up these pretences, because the detention of the
earl in Germany serves as an incitement to the French to
conclude the agreement more speedily, while by keeping the
negotiations with the Austrians warm they are always at liberty
to conclude, even if the treaties with the Most Christian are
arranged. The reason for the anxiety to close with France
is said not to proceed from care for the Palatine, but their principal
object is to make them approve of the coasts and ports of
France being guarded by their fleet, so that without opposition
from their forces they may continue more freely to exercise the
authority over the sea which they claim, and establish a precedent
for use in the future for the better establishment of that claim
not only against the crown of France, but to put a stop to their
disputes with the Dutch, who, they think, would submit more
readily to the contributions for the fisheries when they undertake
a more open arbitrament over these waters. These are not
the views of idle persons but come from the lips of those who
speak seriously and with the best authority. Facts also bear
it out, as the terms of the articles clearly show that they do not
aim at binding themselves to anything but this essential point.
Nevertheless the Palatine seeks to take the field with an
independent force, although the difficulties are great. The affair
has been frequently discussed in the Council with great secrecy.
It has been suggested that the king shall give him an independent
force of 10,000 men, to effect a junction with those of the Landgrave
of Hesse or of Duke Bernard, to render him independent
of the French. The Ambassador Sennecterre, in talking of this
told me that provided the troops crossed the sea they would
be well pleased in France and would not raise objections about
such insignificant matters.
He regrets that such affairs which are difficult and lengthy
in negotiation, are more often than not painful and difficult in
fulfilment, and to tell the truth there is no sign at present of
their approaching fulfilment.
Not even last week's despatches from the Earl of Leicester
contained any ratification of the French alliance, and those of
this week have not yet arrived. His Majesty has remarked
publicly that he has done all he could on his side ; his ambassadors
are not waiting for any further commissions from him, and they
have sufficient powers to conclude. He will not be to blame if
the delay causes harm to the common cause, but it will all be
due to the over subtle circumspection of the French.
The Ambassador Contarini informs me that among the articles
is one to invite your Excellencies to join within four weeks of
the ratification. I know there was a clause by which the allies
of each crown were to be informed and might even be included,
but I cannot find anything about the republic in particular.
The difference probably arises because the article to include the
colleagues was only left among the other articles from consideration
for the French, as the English ministers made difficulties
about accepting it, and intimated, indeed, that the king would
like the treaty to remain simply between the two crowns. The
Dutch ambassador confirmed this to me yesterday and said
that his masters would be ill pleased at having only four weeks
to decide, as it was known that matters of great moment could
not be decided by the Provinces in a short time.
He asked me earnestly if your Excellencies had sent your
ambassador to Cologne, or if he would go soon. I said I had no
news of his starting, and thought it would be decided by a perfect
accord between those who were principals in the assembly. He
remarked that the States had not yet decided to send a delegate,
and if they do not declare their intention to take part as a member
there they certainly will not send. He then began to lament
the scant respect which they show here for his masters, especially
the violence shown to the fishermen. He assured me that the
Spaniards urge them more than ever to make a particular agreement.
I seized the opportunity to urge him not to abandon
his intention of restoring cordial relations between this crown and
his masters, which would bring him glory and a reputation that
would never fade. He assured me that he was most anxious
to achieve this and he appreciated my confidence. I consider
him a most well disposed minister, and he only needs better
fortune to show the fruits of his diligent zeal.
The Austrian ministers here and notably the Spanish
ambassador, to the amazement of the whole Court, are not moved
a whit by these close negotiations with the Most Christian, but
continue in their usual retirement and affect to despise them.
His majesty takes this very ill and it makes him desire a speedy
conclusion the more eagerly. The Ambassador Ognat does not
take advantage either of the opportunity to foment the quarrel
with the Dutch, and he has never once asked for audience since
the first occasion when he saw his Majesty in private.
I am in the same position towards him as before. He has
not made a sign of any intention to reopen relations with the
ministers of your Excellencies.
Dolce left for Holland more than a fortnight ago to serve the
Ambassador Michiel. I have just heard from him that though
he embarked on a Dutch man of war he has not yet had a favourable
Hampton, the 28th November, 1636.
117. With regard to the request of Angelo Correr that a
successor may be chosen and as he has to go to the French Court :
Resolved that an ambassador to the king of Great Britain
be chosen in his place, to serve, under the penalties prescribed
in the case of refusal, with the usual instructions.
He shall have for his expenses 300 ducats in gold a month, for
which he need render no account.
For horses, trappings and coffers, 300 ducats of lire 6, soldi
4 each, and a donation of 1000 ducats in gold.
For all expenses, except those for couriers and letters, 100
crowns a month of lire 7.
To the secretary for his equipment, 100 ducats and to two
couriers, accompanying the ambassador, 20 ducats each.
For the salary and table expenses of the chaplain and interpreter,
186 ducats a year and 100 ducats a year respectively.
For the interpreter an addition of 100 ducats yearly.
Ayes, 130. Noes, 2. Neutral, 1.