118. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the
Hague, to the Doge and Senate.
The matter of the fishermen has been taken up again, and
they show themselves more and more embittered against England
and correspondingly disposed to proceed to a rupture and to
take steps to carry this into effect with all speed. The States
General try to point out how inauspicious existing circumstances
are for such rash action. The Prince also went to the Assembly
of the States of Holland two days ago and spoke to them at
length. He pointed out they must avoid precipitous action and
not encourage the Spaniards to risk another war. Taxes could
not be increased. But when a truce is arranged conditions
may be better and they would be able to uphold their liberty at
sea. He was listened to with great attention. In reply it was
urged that the Provinces had fought for liberty against the
Spaniards and should do the same against England. They could
cut down expenses on land, as the Spaniards were kept busy with
the French. The result is awaited with curiosity. But even
if the states of Holland decided on a rash step it is not thought
that the States General would agree, as they would rather do
anything than spend money and would suffer any injury rather
than engage in a new war before the struggle with the Spaniards
The Hague, the 4th December, 1636.
119. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
No further ratification has come from France. They seem
to resent this here and criticise the slowness of the French in the
matter, calling it calculated indifference, in order to obtain better
terms. An impartial observer can easily see that the Most
Christian merely for the sake of a few levies from this kingdom
and the promised defence of his Ocean ports, which is the utmost
he can expect from the terms, cannot agree to bind himself to
maintain the war for the satisfaction of the English and not
to embrace an honourable peace unless the interests of the
Palatine house are accomodated to the satisfaction of the King
of Great Britain. Besides the slight advantage to France,
one must also consider the consequence of permitting the English
to be arbiters over these seas, and affording them an opportunity
of grasping the lordship which they claim, a point to which they
have devoted so much attention in France and upon which they
declared last year that they would not always abandon themselves
to the present connivance. However the ministers here do not
take it in this way, but pretend that the French raise difficulties
about stipulating the present articles because they do not wish
to prejudice their conventions with the Duke of Bavaria ; and
also, perhaps, intent on adjusting matters by private treaties
with the queen mother and the Duke of Lorraine, so as not to
have opposition at the congress of Cologne from such great
obstacles to the conclusion of peace on their side they think it
more advantageous for them to keep England occupied with
negotiations for a long while, than to cause the establishment
of the agreements with so little profit to themselves. At all
events, the very considerable disturbances which may arise
from the unexpected departure of Monsieur and the Count of
Soissons, (fn. 1) about which they do not yet know all the particulars,
though it excites much comment, give good reason for believing
that great changes may ensue, and meanwhile those who look
on cannot help feeling perplexed about future events.
I am assured that most strenuous remonstrances have been
made to the councillors and secretaries of the Prince Palatine
here, because they have awakened his ideas of having an army,
and they have rebuked them for encouraging him in the urgent
instances which he makes for it. This suffices to show that all
the discussions on the subject were mere artifice, and that they
do not mean to do anything. So after all the Palatine will
have this additional mortification to his princely character.
Meanwhile he shows great impatience at remaining idle here,
and his countenance really betrays the most acute sense of shame,
as he never takes part without blushing at any conference where
the present agitations of the world are discussed. His brother,
on the other hand, finds all his delight in the amenities of the
Court, and in particular passes his time by amusing himself
in the society of the ladies (nella giocondita delle conversazione
delle dame) without any preoccupations besides what his own
youthful inclinations at present supply him.
They have heard with general dissatisfaction and to the extreme
mortification of the Palatine, of the departure from France
of the Polish ambassador with portraits of the two princesses
of Bourbon and Mantua, as they conclude that the marriage of
the Palatine princess with that king is considered impossible.
The ministers here now seem sorry that the ambassador was
dealt with so severely here, and possibly they wish the matter
was in its original position.
The Vice-Admiral of the Fleet, who remained at Plymouth
with five or six sail, still keeps at sea. They do not know the
reason for this, as he had orders to withdraw with the others.
One hears of no real preparations, but only the noise of orders,
for renewing the provisions for the fleet, and nothing is said as
to who will command it, if it puts to sea. The contributions,
moreover are only raised slowly, as many still maintain obstinately
that they cannot be compelled to make them.
The state despatches of the 1st and 6th November have
I see no sign of the Spanish ambassador taking steps to
correspond with the numerous assurances received from Spain
A report has just reached me, based on something said by the
queen, that Monsieur and the Count of Soissons are about to
arrive in this kingdom ; but lack of time prevents me from
Hampton, the 5th December, 1636.
120. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
The Ambassador Leicester says that he is constantly meeting
with obstacles and difficulties in his negotiations, and they do
not make as much progress as he would like. The ministers
here ought to accept what was offered them, because the rest
will follow, referring to a declaration of open war against the
House of Austria. Yet the influential personage who confided
to me that a defensive and offensive alliance was arranged
maintains, although certainly the ministers both here and in
England make contrary announcement, that the affair has
advanced so far that the few things which remain to be settled
ought not reasonably to upset or break off the negotiations.
Paris, the 9th December, 1636.
121. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the
Hague, to the Doge and Senate.
On the subject of the fisheries it is expected that orders will
be sent to Joachimi to represent to England that with the ill
feeling that exists no advantage will accrue to them from the
action they have taken, and to intimate that these Provinces
will endeavour to demonstrate their liberty at sea by other
means, if offices and milder measures do not suffice to produce
the result. They will continue on these lines, all the Provinces
protesting that it will finally result in a breach.
There are various reports about Arundel's departure from
Ratisbon. The Princess Palatine announces that he has left
in high dudgeon, and that very soon we shall hear of a formal
declaration by England. But others hold opposite views.
The Ambassador Beveren writes that England's ardour to take
up arms and join the French has greatly diminished, and there
are reports about referring the matter to the Diet. Only a
small number of people believed that England would declare
herself, and very few credit it now after all these delays, as the
Austrians, if given time, often work wonders, and possibly
England does not mind being deceived.
The Hague, the 11th December, 1636.
122. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England, to
the Doge and Senate.
Mutability and confusion reign in the foreign policy of the
ministry here. This not only renders vain any judgment about the
issue of things to come but leaves an equal uncertainty about the
matters upon which they are actually engaged, so that it is
impossible to draw any conclusion or make any forecast with
anything solid to go upon. Thus it is stated that the Earl of
Arundel has left the Imperial Court unexpectedly, in disgust,
although those here most intimate with the government will
not admit this. Although such action directly contravenes
the decision recently taken in his Majesty's Council, yet it seems
that some at least do not disapprove, indeed it looks as if this step
has met with general applause and satisfaction. In the mean
while they are about to send to him with all speed a courier with
appropriate commissions, reviving once again the question,
already so much discussed, of sending him to Cologne to
superintend the interests of the Count Palatine. They are at
the moment inclined to take this course, indeed they are all
practically agreed upon it, and the question would be decided
already were it not for some doubt as to the capacity in which
they should send him there. In whatever way this point is
decided, it is certain that the orders sent to him will be kept
secret, in order that the announcement of this step may not give
rise to some fresh imbroglio to delay the meeting of that assembly.
They are anxious to see this realised and are displeased at the
difficulties which the Austrians are raising about not wishing to
treat with the Cardinal of Lyons.
The rumour about the sudden arrival of Monsieur and the
Count of Soissons was false, but it supplied abundant material
for conversation at the Court. The Earl of Leicester writes
from Paris that owing to the stir caused at the Court there by the
flight of these princes, he has not been able to make any effective
progress with his negotiations. However he does not fail to hold
out the brightest and most solid hopes of their conclusion in the
near future. None the less, the ministers here are beginning at
bottom to feel doubts about it, as they see full well that if the
French thought it advisable to consent to the terms agreed
they would not remain silent about the ratification to the
prejudice of their own interests. But outwardly they affect to
believe the exact opposite here.
The Dutch ambassador went to Court the day before yesterday
and asked the king's leave to raise the usual recruits here ; but
he was put off with ambiguous replies. He then approached
the Secretary Coke, who told him that this was not a time to
talk of such matters, but that in a fortnight, when the treaties
with France had been stipulated, he also should receive every
satisfaction. The ambassador retorted that such levies being an
ancient concession on the part of England, had nothing at all
to do with the treaties with France, and even less with the one
in question. No notice whatever had been given to him or his
masters. The secretary said that the door was open for the
States to enter also, as it was reasonable they should. The
ambassador then said, with some feeling, that they could not
be forced or ordered by any one.
Without proceeding with the discussion or waiting for an
answer he went forthwith to the apartments of the Prince
Palatine. He told him that he had been sent as ambassador
extraordinary to this Court on purpose to offer the services of
his masters in any way that might serve his Highness's cause.
After so many months they not only made no reply to his repeated
overtures and proposals, but without giving him any intimation,
as they ought, they were negotiating a special treaty with France
for the same purpose. He had come again to confirm the
disposition of his masters to do all in their power for his Highness's
house, and begged him to say freely if he thought he had any
cause for dissatisfaction with him, and if he might return to
Holland with his full concurrence. The prince was surprised
at his resolute tone and did his best to assure him of his deepest
gratitude for all the benefits received by himself and his family
from the States. With regard to the French alliance he said
that it was not yet concluded, and in it, not only was a place
reserved for the States, but they would be invited. The
ambassador replied that he did not know with what good will or
with what reputation the Provinces could take part in an affair
which had been arranged without them and without regard for
their rights. They were not treated like allies or in accordance
with their agreements with the Most Christian, which stipulated
that no particular alliance should be arranged without mutual
consent. Dwelling on the resentment felt by the Dutch for this
treatment, he said that the emperor, on behalf of the Spaniards
had newly made considerable offers for a good agreement. They
would never have been the first to violate their obligations, to
their allies, but if others abandoned the game first and treated
separately with those princes and of those affairs which they
considered their interests, he did not think they could be blamed
if, for their own advantage they entered into negotiations with
the Spaniards, leaving an opening for the French to enter the
treaty, as they might do, just as much as the French can make
a separate alliance with England or others, leaving the Dutch
free to come in if they like.
These outspoken remarks are sure to be taken to his Majesty
by the Palatine, and as they contain such important matter the
ambassador no less than anyone else is waiting attentively to
see what reply they will give him as the prince of himself did not
think fit to say any more.
In order to accelerate the collection of the taxes for the fleet,
they are working with the solicitude reported. On the other
hand the unwillingness of the people to contribute becomes more
strongly felt. Not only the lower classes but the greatest lords
are beginning to make themselves heard seriously, in expressing
with great resolution, their intention to maintain, with the
common laws, as they call them, their own jurisdictions and
privileges. Accordingly the Earl of Dambi, moved as many
believe by the incitement of many of the leading men of the realm
as well as by his own inclinations, unexpectedly decided to write
a letter to the king. While expressing his loyalty, as one who
from his earliest childhood and during the life of the late king
had the honour to be numbered among his most familiar servants,
he took the liberty to represent to him the extent of the outcry
of the people and the discontent of the great, and the scandals
which seem imminent everywhere, because in a manner never
before practised and repugnant to the fundamental laws of the
realm, they proposed to continue to burden his subjects with
impositions and extraordinary taxes, without caring about undermining
mining the prerogatives which their forefathers always and they
themselves up to the present time had enjoyed in complete liberty.
He went on that while everyone feels deeply injured by the
present form of the contributions, no one will object to the
contributions in themselves if they are levied in the proper
manner. He ventured to assure his Majesty that he would
find the greatest readiness in every one of his subjects to give
not only their substance but their blood to please him. To
unburden his conscience, as a mark of his devoted loyalty, to
assure the peace of the realm and above all for the greatness of
his Majesty he could not refrain from making these representations,
feeling sure that he should best please him thus. He
begs him to consider how good it will be to satisfy his subjects
by summoning parliament, as he knows it will really be for his
greater service. Such in brief are the principal contents of this
letter. When it was presented to his Majesty at a time when he
was conversing familiarly with a few persons in his chamber,
he was seen suddenly to change colour when reading it, while his
face hardened. Without saying a word he paced the room,
giving every indication of being much moved and angered.
The incident is considered serious, but as it is still recent, one
does not know what result it will produce. It is quite clear
that it has not only been long premeditated, but is the outcome
of the consultation and deliberation of the most powerful, not
without evident encouragement from the Spaniards, who are
very hopeful of forwarding their interests by this means in
the present state of affairs. The whole Court has been fluttered
by this, but everyone keeps his thoughts to himself, the matter
being essentially too important, delicate and jealous. I know
well how much attention it deserves and shall keep on the watch
for what ensues, in order to inform your Excellencies.
With the ducal missives of the 14th November I have nothing
but the pistol cock to be consigned to the Persian merchant, which
shall be done when I have a convenient opportunity.
Westcourt, the 12th December, 1636.
123. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
The English ambassadors have been to audience of the king,
whom they congratulated on the recovery of Corbie. (fn. 2) They also
urged him somewhat to bring their negotiations to completion.
They seem to have moved slowly in these here since they heard
the Earl of Arundel was staying at Ratisbon.
I have drawn the attention of some of the ministers to the considerations
sent me by your Serenity on the 15th ult. They replied
that they know full well that the Count of Ognat rules in Germany
more than the emperor himself and their interests would always be
united with the House of Austria. The most that can be done will be
to warn the electors not to rivet the fetters on their legs. The Earl
of Arundel, by his good disposition, may propose peace between
the two crowns, but he has no authority for this, and all things are
moving towards the peace negotiations at Cologne with their friends.
These transactions showed that the Austrians had no desire for peace.
To get a favourable one it was necessary that the parties should be
Paris, the 16th December, 1636.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
124. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
We have seen the king working assiduously all this week
in his most secret Council at the two affairs considered of
importance, without giving time for his customary pleasures of
the chase. One of these is the speech recently made by the Dutch
ambassador to the Prince Palatine, and the other is the letter
of the Earl of Dambi. As regards the former, nothing has yet
been decided, although they have held frequent debates as to the
reply which they should give to the ambassador. Not only
so but the question has been raised as to whether it is better
that the reply should be made to him directly by one of the
ministers in his Majesty's name, or whether it may be more
expedient and commit them less if the Palatine himself gives
it to him, speaking as if on his own responsibility.
If the very vigorous protest made by the ambassador about the
disposition of the Provinces to come to terms with the Spaniards
if they are badly treated by their friends, did not arouse any
particular alarm, it certainly did not weigh greatly with them,
since it is well known that on other grounds also the Dutch
cannot remain satisfied in the end with the procedure of England.
However as that particular interest is always a very sensitive
one, and to avoid supplying material for criticism under existing
circumstances, they would like to give them at least a verbal
satisfaction. More serious interests, of which your Excellencies
shall hear below, do not admit the possibility of their affording
it in deeds.
The second point, the letter of the Earl of Dambi, has been
discussed at great length, and suggestions were made to deal with
the matter severely.
To quiet to some extent those ardent spirits which seem to be
moving very boldly towards disturbances and at the same time
to stifle the lugubrious voices which have lamented because
nothing has been done these last two years with such a numerous
and expensive fleet, they have decided to set a report going that
will fill the ears and satisfy the desires of the people, that they
mean, even in the present season, to employ not only their naval
forces but others as well for the service of the Palatine, whose
cause is made that of the crown, for the sake of reputation,
besides kinship, and that they will act with all vigour to secure
the lordship of the sea, making all who wish to fish render such
tribute as is considered proper. In conformity with this they will
publish most clearly throughout the realm that all those who in
the future intend to practise fishing in these seas must, before
they begin, come here or send their accredited agent to England
to take a written license from the magistrate appointed and submit
to such obligations as shall be decided, otherwise, if they are
found they shall be arrested and their goods confiscated as lawful
booty. They expect to secure two results by these reports and
decrees, one that the people, satisfied by the hope that their
money will be usefully spent, will become less impatient with
their present, impetuous clamours, and will become less insistent
upon the calling of parliament ; the other, that the Dutch, aroused
by the proclamation to produce their arguments, if they think of
doing so, may produce them so speedily that they can be refuted
by force or by connivance if they keep silence that will amount
to an acceptation of the English claims as just, and a submission
to the practice at a time when they may be at their greatest
strength and so make it easier for them to put up with the
burden of this acknowledgment and the hurt which is inflicted
In the mean time in order to establish their claims to this
dominion more firmly and to increase the benefits for the satisfaction
of their daily needs, they have begun to seize the ships
which come through the Downs, a place claimed to be in the open
sea, laden with all kinds of goods for all kinds of places, even if
they have not touched at any port of the realm. They did this
lately with an English ship which sailed recently from a port of
Flanders for Spain, making it pay just as much for everything
as if it had sailed directly from this kingdom (fn. 3) , and they intend
to do the same with all others that they find in the future.
On this account also the Dutch claim to have received fresh
injury, and the Dutch ambassador, backed by the whole nation,
is preparing to make a complaint before the king. With respect
to the proclamation about fishing he says he will say nothing
for the present, as he is waiting for orders from Holland to do it
with more effect, having sent an express thither with a careful
account of what has happened.
Frequent letters and couriers come from France about the
treaty, but all full of hopes only and never bringing the conclusion
which they desire. Yet the ministers here keep on affirming that
the matter will be concluded in a few days.
The Palatine, convinced that his hopes of an independent
force are vain, has renounced them, and utterly discouraged by
the news of the birth of a son to establish the line of the Duke of
Bavaria (fn. 4) , has fallen sick or feigns to be ill, and not only does
little but is seldom seen to leave his rooms.
They feel sure that the Earl of Arundel has left Ratisbon, but
not Germany, indeed they think that he may stop some time of
his own accord at Cologne, even if they do not come to any more
open decision. He wrote that very specious proposals had been
made to him for the termination of his transactions, but only
covertly and with no security that they would be clinched ;
the Duke of Bavaria was implacable, possibly in concert with
Cæsar, and this made a favourable issue impossible. He also
makes a passing reference to the renewal of the proposal being
made to him for an alliance between this crown and the House of
Austria, when satisfaction should be given reciprocally, with a
request in particular for some assistance against the Dutch, but
it does not seem that they have devoted more attention to this
here than it deserves.
I have received this week the state despatches of the 15th ult.
with the enclosure about the Spaniards granting equality of title ;
but the Ambassador Ognat has not made any move.
Westcourt, the 19th December, 1636.
125. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to
the Doge and Senate.
Bonica the favourite of Duke Bernard (fn. 5) has come here from
England. He expresses himself as well pleased with that
Monarch. He wished to join his master, but the duke wrote to
him to stop because he himself would come here soon.
Paris, 23rd December, 1636.
126. Francesco Michiel, Venetian Ambassador at the
Hague, to the Doge and Senate.
To day the Princess Palatine is expecting the Earl of Arundel.
She says that he will leave without staying as the king will decide
nothing before seeing him. She seems to think that everything
will be arranged to the entire satisfaction of the prince, her son.
The French say that the king will do nothing and that the
negotiations in France are only meant to alarm the Austrians,
and that his Majesty decided long ago to let his nephews drop if
these means failed. The English try to represent the Spaniards
as greatly alarmed. The general opinion is confirmed by the
constitution of the crown of England, which must be on good
terms with parliament to obtain money and from the policy of
the present king, who wants to be absolute and does not wish
to be dependent upon parliament. All agree that the best way
to persuade the Austrians to peace would be for England to
join in the blockade of Flanders.
The Hague, the 25th December, 1636.
127. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
Accompanied by a numerous following of merchants the Dutch
ambassador appeared before his Majesty last Tuesday. He
expressed the universal discontent of his countrymen at being
burdened with new and unaccustomed imposts on goods which
happened to pass through these seas, even if they did not
touch the shores of this kingdom. The king listened patiently
and even accepted a paper with the case of the merchants,
promising to take its contents into consideration and to give a
speedy answer. He assured the ambassador of his goodwill
towards the States. The step however is supposed to have
produced but very small effect, because they are most determined
to insist upon their lordship of the sea, from which they hope to
obtain reputation and safety no less than very considerable
profit. It is therefore vain to believe that with the field
apparently free to England, all the neighbouring nations being in
commotion, to gain without a struggle the place to which she aspires,
that she will abandon her advance upon any consideration, as she
knows full well that if she lost the present opportunity things are
not likely to remain so easy always or with so little opposition.
One of the most important points still remains to be settled
and that is the opposition of the King of Denmark, who has already
let it be freely understood that when he has occasion to visit these
waters he does not intend his flag to show obedience to the
English, beyond the rule always observed at sea, whereby the
weaker always honours the stronger ; but they hope to find a
way out of this by negotiations set in motion a long time ago.
It is stated that there is a secret agreement with that sovereign
that each shall honour the other equally, the English being
recognised as superiors in the Ocean and the Danes in the Baltic.
For this reason and no other it is considered that the King of
Denmark has asked Cæsar for a patent of Admiral General over
the whole Baltic sea, in order to enlarge the limits of his present
dominion over it without opposition from the empire, partly
by use, partly by authority and power, encouraged by England's
example, cloaked under the appearance of a dependent jurisdiction,
making everyone who wishes to navigate there, unconciously
subject to his absolute command. In order to remove the
opposition of the Swedes to this suzerainty I am assured on good
authority that very strong representations have been made from
this quarter but I cannot find out if they have received an answer.
From all these things your Excellencies can see without a doubt
that all their attention at present is devoted to the sole object of
the sovereignty of the sea, and if they carry on other negotiations
besides, these only possess solidity in so far as they are closely
related to this object.
They think that the Earl of Arundel will arrive here before
long, impelled by a desire to return to his native land. Letters
from the Hague of the 14th inst. relate that the Princess Palatine
was expecting him at any moment ; but as he has not even yet
given notice here, I must refer to what you will hear from the
spot. As it is supposed by this that the negotiations with the
House of Austria are entirely broken off, they will devote all
their energies, with their eyes on the pole star, to secure the pacific
domination of the sea.
For the establishment of the treaties with France they sent
two days ago new and most urgent instructions to the Earl of
Leicester, but the French either wish to make the most of the
advantage offered them or think they can serve their interests
better in another way, and they give no security for the conclusion
yet. Here they are becoming very uneasy because, arguing
from the exhaustion of both sides, they give great credit to the
reports that secret negotiations are on foot between France and
Spain, for a truce and possibly even a peace, and the latest news
from Cologne of another serious defeat of the Saxons encourages
the same belief, as it is known that the special affairs of the empire
also call for some speedy adjustment.
The Vice Admiral Pennington having approached to enter the
river with the six ships of his squadron, they have ordered him
to proceed without delay towards the Barbary coasts in the hope
that he may make some notable capture from the Turkish pirates.
They announce this as his object, but actually they have no
other aim, than to appease the people which continues to murmur
because in spite of their paying for such a considerable fleet
they continue to suffer such serious prejudice as was inflicted
by these same Turks last summer in Ireland.
The plague, being confined by the very sharp cold, is beginning
to lose the malignity with which for nine months on end it has
troubled a great part of this kingdom. It is hoped that the
country is entirely free, and in the city of London the deaths from
it do not exceed some 200 a week. If this improvement continues
the Court will make no further scruples about admitting intercourse
with the city. Accordingly I expect to be among the
first to return in order to escape from the expense, which has
already proved insupportable for my poor unaided fortunes.
I consigned to the Persian merchant the two pocket pistols transmitted
to me by your Serenity, to be handed by him as a gift to his
king. I enclose his receipt as directed, signed with his own hand.
The state despatch of the 22nd ult., reached me by the ordinary
of this week.
Westcourt, the 26th December, 1636.
128. Laus Deo, the 22nd December, 1636, at London.
Acknowledgment of receipt from Angelo Corraro, ambassador
of Venice to the King of Great Britain, of two pocket pistols,
with shagreen mounts, and on mountings of embroidered velvet,
four stones and a mould for the balls, the whole to be consigned
by me in the name of the most serene republic to the King of
Persia, my master.
129. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in Spain,
to the Doge and Senate.
A courier arrived from England two days ago. I hear that
he brings the consent of that king to the proposals put forward
by the Imperialists and Spaniards to restore the Lower Palatinate
to his nephew if England will induce France, by negotiation or
by arms, to give up Lorraine. It is said that the English ministers
have been conducting negotiations in France on the matter, and
so it is possible to cherish greater hopes of an agreement.
Madrid, the 28th December, 1636.
130. Giovanni Battista Ballarino, Venetian Secretary
in Germany, to the Doge and Senate.
The satisfaction felt at the election of the king of the Romans (fn. 6)
is somewhat damped by fear of what England may do, although
they expect that definite measures may be delayed. After the
Earl of Arundel left the emperor, to keep up hope, entrusted the
affair to the Elector of Mainz, and sent an express to Arundel,
intimating his readiness for an adjustment and suggesting that
Bavaria and the Palatine should hold the electorate jointly.
But Arundel continued his journey and is now reported to be at
Radolti has reported the project announced in London of an
alliance with France ; but they do not seem to attach much
importance to it here, as the protection of the French ports on
the Ocean, the cutting off of food from the Spaniards and the
refusal of levies to the Catholic are not measures thought likely
to hurt the empire. They would feel more alarm at contributions
of money and men from England to Sweden, of which there are
reports ; but these are not confirmed from England. The
emperor has approached the Count of Ognat again to get him
to offer more liberal conditions about the Palatinate ; but the
Count declared he would rather his master engaged in an
honourable war than see him surrender what he held by a just
title. Amid all these hesitations and doubts nothing is more
anxiously awaited than news from England, so that their own
decisions may be guided by those taken by that crown. Meanwhile
Teller stays on here negotiating with the princes and the
Spaniards. This shows that the thread of the business is not
broken altogether ; but no further resolution is being taken as
everyone foresees that the removal of this minister also is at hand.
Ratisbon, the 29th December, 1636.
131. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
The English agent Oger, has been summoned to Ruel and is
there negotiating with the Cardinal on behalf of the Ambassador
Leicester. The earl says that it is a month since he made his
proposals and he expects a reply ; difficulties have since arisen
on one side and another, and thus postpone the conclusion of
Paris, the 30th December. 1636.