483. Giacomo Donado, Venetian Proveditore of Cephalonia,
to the Doge and Senate.
I gathered that instructions had been issued to procure the
relief of the English merchant Henry Ider. When I arrived here
I found a process instituted against him by the Inquisitor Capello.
I proceeded to despatch this case with all speed, in accordance
with my instructions, and found Ider guilty of fraud against the
customs. Accordingly I proceeded to pass sentence against him.
Cephalonia, the 23rd July, 1638, old style.
484. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
The Marquis of Hamilton, who returned to Court this week,
brings proposals for a settlement entirely in accordance with
report. These are that if the people there are assured of obtaining
from his Majesty the abolition of the book upon new ecclesiastical
rites, the confirmation of their old privileges, and the Convocation
of a parliament, which reduces the royal authority within narrow
limits, they will be ready, with all loyal humbleness to petition
the king to this effect. They have carefully examined this
proposal at the palace. The strongest opposition arises from the
fear that the example of such advantages may give rise to similar
harmful changes in this kingdom also. However, as they have
no means at hand for abasing the pride of the rebels by the sword,
it is thought that all the proposals will be accepted, affording
a rest for the present. Meanwhile the king shows the utmost
satisfaction at the operations of the marquis, who is declared
lord of Celsi ; (fn. 1) he will return to Scotland in four days.
The Hamburg negotiations proceed in a sickly way. The
Ambassador Roe reports that after his first conferences with the
ministers, he had to meet categorical demands as to whether his
master meant to break openly with the House of Austria. He
replied generally that he would tell them all about this when the
agreement was made with France. He asks for the most precise
new instructions, and does not conceal his fears that the King of
Denmark is conducting negotiations between the Imperialists
and the Swedes, the Palatine and England both being excluded.
Yet these things in no wise arouse the ministers here, slumbering
in their ease and the advantages that the long quiet gives them.
They have granted that the Duke of Lorraine may levy a
regiment. A colonel is here for the purpose, but makes little
progress without remittances. (fn. 2)
The Dutch ambassador is labouring for the restitution of two
ships, seized by virtue of letters of reprisals at the instance of
some English merchants. So far he has made no progress, and he
fears his offices will prove useless, as they are weakened by a recent
incident in the Channel here, between a royal tartana and a Dutch
ship of war. They met, and when the Dutch man did not lower
its topsail, in sign of respect, the Englishman tried to compel
him, by firing his guns, whereupon the Dutch captain responded
vigorously, handling the tartana very roughly, some being
slain. (fn. 3)
The Duchess of Chevreuse announces that the guarantees for
her return to France are arranged, and she is momentarily
expecting a courier with more exact confirmation ; for the rest
she does not seem much inclined to change her quarters.
The weather still delays the arrival of my baggage, and compels
me to postpone my public entry. The Secretary Zonca has again
seen the ministers about an earl meeting me, but without success.
They claim that his Majesty makes no difference between your
Excellencies' ministers and those of other kings ; the barons of
England, who have performed this function for twenty four years
rank with the highest. Seeing that he could make no impression
Zonca told them that as his Majesty would not consider his
reasonable request, he would keep the matter to himself, and not
communicate it to the Senate or to me. They replied courteously
and thanked him and so I do not think it will leak out or be
talked of at other Courts.
The unfailing prudence of your Excellencies can always find
a way of evading such inconveniences, especially as they consider
it unnecessary here to keep a resident ambassador with your
Serenity. This is confirmed afresh by what Fildin said at Turin,
so the choice of a new minister will not be easy or soon. With
regard to the other matters the information supplied from France
by Corraro will enable me to uphold the dignity of the state.
London, the 6th August, 1638.
485. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in England
to the Inquisitors of State.
The ambassador of Lucca, who is one of those who most
frequents the Venetian embassy, has favoured me with a letter.
Good manners require me to answer, but my duty forbids, without
your permission, so I enclose the letter and my reply, to be sent
to the Catholic Court, if you approve.
London, the 6th August. 1638.
486. Jacopo Arnolfini, Ambassador of Lucca in Spain
to Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in England.
I imagine this will find you in London, where you will be as
much appreciated as your loss is felt here. I am sure that the
Ambassador Contarini tells you all that is going on, so I abstain
from doing so etc.
Madrid, the 23rd June, 1638.
487. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
They have no news from Hamburg about the opening of the
negotiations to be arranged with England in conjunction with
the allies. They are afraid that the troubles in Scotland will
serve as a pretext for breaking off all the operations.
Paris, the 10th August, 1638.
488. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in
England, to the Doge and Senate.
The king changed his mind about remaining in this neighbourhood,
and after enjoying some diversions in the queen's
house here last week, he went on Saturday to Oatlands, to begin
his usual annual progress. The queen will follow him after a
few days, and will not return here before next month, so that I
shall not be able to see their Majesties before that space.
Fresh letters from the Ambassador Roe at Hamburg have
revived his Majesty's hopes of perfecting the negotiations in
progress there. He reports three leading points as settled and
seems confident of carrying the rest. His Majesty has imparted
the entire contents to the French minister here with every satisfaction.
He has sent Roe a fresh precept, that with the negotiations
progressing towards the congress of Lubeck, he must
go there also following the example of the other ministers, keeping
an eye for all that may serve the interests of his nephews, and
without further committals, to uphold, at least in appearance,
the dignity of the original declarations.
Aided by the influential patronage of the Duchess of Chevreuse
the Agent of the Duke of Lorraine has at length obtained the use
of a royal ship to take him to Spain ; (fn. 4) and so, without money and
with nothing but fair words, he is well pleased to get out of this
kingdom. They persist here in their reprisals against Dutch ships.
The ship Jupiter, Captain, James Sal, laded at Venice, arrived in
Plymouth Sound on its way to Amsterdam. An English ship
attacked it, and after a bloody fight, the Dutch captain, as a
council of necessity, tried to blow up the upper deck, together
with the English on it, as they had carried it by boarding but
the plan was badly executed and the ship was entirely burned,
with the loss of most of the sailors and of a very rich cargo,
amounting they say, to 100,000l. sterling. (fn. 5) The accident is
the more deplorable because I am told that it jeopardises the
interests of the Venetian mart.
At the report of such a disaster the Dutch ambassador made
the most lively complaints to the king, who is certainly not
gratified at the facility with which the Council has granted letters
of reprisals at the instance of the English merchants. His
Majesty expressed his sentiments to the Councillors, some of
whom by no means favour the Dutch, but rather incline to the
Spaniards, and so favour a decision which cannot serve the interests
of this crown, or those principles to which the king is at present
attached, of a good understanding with all, and to create the
impression, especially for the matters now in negotiation, of
a thorough understanding with the United Provinces. However,
the results of the Dutch minister's remonstrances will indicate
his Majesty's true intentions.
Such are the slight events here. I have your Excellencies'
letters of the 22nd July. I will intimate to those who trade at
Zante and Cephalonia the decision to give them the best treatment
there. Zonca has done the same in the past. He only
received yesterday, by way of France, your letters of the 7th
ult. on this subject.
London, the 13th August, 1638.
489. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in Spain,
to the Doge and Senate.
The young Count of Ognat, who was ambassador in ordinary
in England, has arrived from Corunna. He is staying incognito
at his house.
Madrid, the 14th August. 1638.
490. Gasparo Beffa Negrini to Giacomo Donado, Proveditore
Information that Henry Hied has been made a slave by a
certain Parganotto and taken to La Catena by Saban Bey,
known as Valapano.
Clomucci, the 4th August, 1638 [old style.]
491. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in
England, to the Doge and Senate.
They are waiting with the utmost impatience at Court to hear
what happened at Edinburgh last Sunday, the day appointed
by the people there for the meeting of their Council to hear the
proposals of the Marquis of Hamilton sent back there by his
Majesty with all speed. The turn of affairs for good or ill will
depend on the decision taken there. The trouble is that the
example of greater licence is likely to encourage the people there to
take measures for their own advantage. This causes the wisest
men to believe that the marquis received powers to offer all
possible means to content the Scots, even though not altogether
in consonance with the royal dignity. We shall soon know for
The account sent by the Dutch captain about the ship, which
I reported, does not entirely correspond with that sent by the
English one. The former has come here to demand justice for
his serious losses. The Dutch ambassador bases his remonstrances
on the evidence of these facts, pointing out the partiality shown
by ministers in granting letters of reprisals, and that the English
captain did not accept the readiness of the Dutch one to show
obedience, but turned his guns on the ship and burned it, with
other circumstances showing that ill temper governed his actions
rather than the procedure usual in such cases. The king replied
very readily that if such be the case he deserves punishment,
and after the necessary enquiry he will give those interested all
the opportunities that lawfully belong to them. Yet the
ambassador does not go so far as to hope for indemnification,
and will consider himself fortunate, if the incident and his
remonstrances serve to prevent the same happening again,
as he fears that other ships following may suffer the like mishap.
But if they come to any decisions to the profit of Dutch merchants,
I will look after the interests of your Serenity's subjects, while
cautiously refraining from committing myself too far until
fresh instructions arrive from your Excellencies.
The Resident of Savoy, who saw his Majesty in the country
last week, announces that he had it from his Majesty's own lips
that after the first audience, he will appoint a new ambassador
to your Serenity. An intimate of this minister asserts that these
last offices of his were about fresh overtures for an adjustment
between your Excellencies and the House of Savoy. I will
obtain fresh confirmation with all circumspection, and will try
to evade questions on the subject by brief answers in general
terms. I do not yet know when I shall be permitted to see the
king. He is far away and I have been two days in bed with an
illness which gives me a great deal of pain.
I have informed the chief merchants of the Levant Company
through the Secretary Zonca of the decision of your Excellencies
to their advantage. They have expressed their most devoted
appreciation and the hope of results commensurate with their
desire to advance the trade of those islands, to the mutual
London, the 20th August, 1638.
492. The Ambassador of his Catholic Majesty came into
the Collegio and said :
I have come late and have spoken long. The accursed gout
troubles me much. Yet, by my king's order, I must represent
the interests of some merchants, by reason of one William Agustini,
an Englishman, trading habitually at Seville and he went on
to speak in the sense of the subjoined memorial, which he afterwards
presented. The doge said they would do what they could,
and so the ambassador rose, bowed and departed.
William Agostini, an Englishman trading at Seville fled unexpectedly
from that city, fraudulently carrying off a lot of money
belonging to divers persons, a day or two after receiving it.
Among these debts was a sum of over 20,000 ducats for Guglielmo
di Lovaina, archer of my king's guard. He went straight to
England, but as his creditors pursued him thither, he fled to
this city, where he has been staying until he heard that various
executions were against him, when he proceeded to Zante, where
he is now. Various papers etc. have come from the archer
sufficient for his arrest, and my king has instructed me to take
this matter into my care and to get your Serenity to obtain the
republic's assent to execution. I therefore come to ask you
for the arrest of this William Augustini and that he be compelled
to pay the debt in question.
493. To the Ambassador in England.
Enclose account of the capture of sixteen pirate galleys by the
Proveditore of the Fleet. (fn. 6) He is to perform an office on the
subject with his Majesty, as a sign of confidence. Zonca should
return home without further delay as some one else has already
been destined to succeed him.
Ayes, 162. Noes, 0. Neutral, 1.
494. Francesco Zonca, Venetian Secretary in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
The Ambassador Giustinian has had to take to his bed with
a serious illness, due to the trials of a very long journey, and the
change of air, food and climate, when he was on the point of
arranging for his public entry, for which everything was ready.
He has lain there for ten days suffering from fever and other ills,
which leave the physicians doubtful about the issue. His wife,
two little children and five of his attendants are also ill. His
Excellency has been worse today and unable to send his usual
despatch, so I have thought it my duty to write this. I have
been helping him all this time and so have been unable, with the
Court so far away, to collect any information. If he is not well
enough to work next week, I will get his instructions to take his
place, in spite of the kind permission of your Serenity to return so
soon as he arrived. He has detained me here until the arrival of
the secretary who is to come, and whom I am awaiting with great
impatience, in the fear that it may not be very soon, when in my
weak state I shall have to travel in the winter, and take that long
and expensive journey in the midst of armies and of the plague,
which is raging in the countries through which I shall have to pass.
London, the 27th August, 1638.
495. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Bailo at Constantinople,
to the Doge and Senate.
The Dutch ambassador announces that all the ships of the
English, Flemings and other nations have been seized in his
country to be employed in war against these parts.
The Vigne of Pera, the 28th August, 1638.
[Italian ; deciphered.]