640. To the Ambassador in London.
We enclose copies of our replies to the Ambassador Fildin,
especially about Savoy. You will speak in conformity to his
Majesty, assuring him of our appreciation of his offer and of the
manner in which it was presented by his ambassador. You will
send us particulars with reference to his coming back here very
soon, of which he assures us.
Ayes, 122. Noes, 1. Neutral, 1.
|641. To the King of Great Britain.
Express appreciation of his Majesty's efforts on behalf of the
republic and the general welfare of Christendom, so adequately
represented by his ambassador, whose departure is regretted,
although this sentiment is mitigated by the hope of his return,
and by the certainty that he will express orally the obligations
of the republic and its desire to reciprocate with all sincerity.
Wishing him every prosperity.
Ayes, 122. Noes, 1. Neutral, 1.
642. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador in Spain,
to the Doge and Senate.
In order to assist the congress of Cologne I thought it advisable
to visit the ambassador extraordinary of the emperor at this
Court. He told me more than once that the emperor put peace
before every other consideration. When I praised this, he added,
smiling, that with respect to the Palatine the English ambassador
offers, if the House of Austria reinstates him, the King of Great
Britain will bring about the restitution of Alsace, Burgundy indeed
what France holds, a truce or perpetual peace with the Dutch
and an offensive and defensive alliance. He remarked that they
would need the consent of Cardinal Richelieu in order to effect
this. He thought that the English king, in his eagerness to see
his nephew reinstated, put forward proposals which lacked an
Madrid, the 16th April, 1639.
643. Anzolo Correr, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
The English already seem to suspect the possibility of designs
here upon Gravelines and Dunkirk ; so the return of the
Ambassador Leicester still remains doubtful. From what I
have gathered from the Cardinal it seems that they consider
here that the negotiations at Hamburg on the old question of
an alliance have completely vanished away.
Paris, the 19th April, 1639.
644. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
His Majesty has informed the queen by courier of his safe
arrival at York where the people received him with loud acclamations
and every sign of devotion. He tells her he has made
adequate provision for the defence of the frontiers as well as for
the fortresses of Berwick and Carlisle. After Easter he proposes
to advance to Newcastle to gather his whole army there and
complete his plans for the conduct of the war. The wisest think
that as the royal party is now completely suppressed in Scotland,
he will proceed with great circumspection and will try rather to
temporise, to harass the enemy's supplies, and compel him to
obedience, rather than to attack him in his own country and
trusting to the uncertain event of a battle, in the hope of reestablishing
his authority in that kingdom and securing the
defence of this one as well.
His Majesty has had the Lord Treasurer of Scotland arrested
at York for having, with great cowardice, yielded Dalghiz to
the Scottish forces without making any resistance. They say
that the Earl of Sterlin, also a leading minister of that kingdom,
has fallen under suspicion, who has hitherto professed to take
the king's side, and will experience the same fate.
The ministers are labouring ceaselessly to find some way of
meeting the very heavy expenses of these emergencies. There
seems no other means than by summoning parliament. They
suggest to his Majesty the idea of assembling it at York, only
those taking part who are at present with him, and who depend
absolutely upon his pleasure, claiming that by this precaution
he is sure to secure himself against fresh irritation and to obtain
promptly the votes for the needed contributions. All do not
approve of this as the best course, and think it likely to produce
disturbances in this kingdom as well.
The ministry constantly becomes more suspicious that the
revolted people are receiving help from the French. They speak
very bitterly against that crown. The king has tactfully
intimated to the French ambassador here, who proposed to keep
near him, to stay where he is, and if he wants to see his Majesty
and asks for audience, it will promptly be appointed for him, on
the tacit understanding that he comes back here. (fn. 1)
The old quarrel between the king and the Catholic minister
here seems to be put aside. The Duchess of Chevreuse labours
hard to restore him to his former confidential relations, and those
who favour the Spanish side most not only hope to secure this,
with the present feeling against France, but to introduce overtures
as well to re-establish a complete understanding between this
crown and that one.
By virtue of the offices reported the Admiral has forbidden
the merchants here to send their ships to Spain for transporting
troops to Flanders, as the Spaniards had arranged.
Mr. German has gone to Court to report the Most Christian's
reply about the queen mother. Although they see that very
costly stay here will be greatly prolonged, yet the king has written
very affectionately to his mother in law, assuring her that he will
share his last crown with her, as a sign of his affection and
The negotiations with the Duke of Weimar for the marriage
of the Palatine princess remain on foot. The English agent with
the Swiss, but recently returned from that country, has gone
to the king with letters just received from the duke. The Swiss,
through this agent represent their misgivings at seeing the French
so near, without the means or the courage, so far, to prevent them
from obtaining greater advantages.
London, the 22nd April, 1639.
645. To the Ambassador in London.
After the departure of the Ambassador Fildin his secretary
here presented the enclosed paper in a very improper manner,
asking that the letters to his king should be written in Latin,
as his own are. We replied that we have used the same idiom
as is used with the emperor, Poland and other princes who write
to us in Latin, and apparently we made him realise how baseless
his request was. We inform you in order that you may know the
facts, should anything be said on the subject, and that you may
send us full information.
Ayes, 133. Noes, 1. Neutral, 0.
646. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in
England, to the Doge and Senate.
The Marquis Hamilton left here two days ago to return to the
Court. He takes to his Majesty 50,000l. realised by the sale of
many offices and from those who made a money payment to escape
personal service. They have embarked 6000 foot on many ships
and proceeded towards Newcastle, where the general muster
of the army is ordered for the first of next month, and the
presence of all the ministers, a courier having arrived from his
Majesty with the command for everyone to go there without
The Scots pushed their forces towards Berwick, but, finding
it well provided and the defenders ready to offer a stout resistance,
they thought it best to withdraw, without attempting anything.
They are now devoting themselves to making more secure the
places which hold out for them in their own country. On the
other hand they persist in the show of claiming nothing by their
violent proceedings beyond the defence of their old privileges.
They removed from the castle of Dalghiz the crown and other
royal insignia which they had brought with pomp to Edinburgh.
There, with the concurrence (communicatione) of all the people,
they renewed the oath to preserve them faithfully for his Majesty
and his successors and subsequently sent to the king to express
again their readiness for a settlement and even to send deputies
whenever he chose. These proposals, not being considered
entirely sincere, have awakened no response so far in his Majesty's
With the ever growing scarcity of money the queen has got
the Catholics of this city to hold fresh meetings to devise a
means of obtaining further contributions from those of the whole
kingdom. The pope's minister, who is the director of this
affair, is trying hard to induce them to make a second payment of
The second brother of the Duke of Lennox is getting ready
for the journey to Rome, with hopes of obtaining the Cardinalship.
Although a close relation of his Majesty, he has always made open
profession of the Catholic faith. (fn. 2) The Countess of Arundel is
also thinking of proceeding to that Court, as she aspires to the
same honour for a nephew.
Your Excellencies' letters of the 30th ult. reach me this week,
with instructions which his Majesty's absence does not permit
me to fulfil. I will do it through the Secretary of State, the
minister to whom all the ambassadors now address themselves.
London, the 29th April, 1639.