77. Nicolo Sagredo, Venetian Ambassador in Spain, to
the Doge and Senate.
Since the announcement of the naval victory over France
little has been said, or rather the true result has been concealed.
On this side two galleys were lost, the Santa Magdalena and the
San Tomaso, the former being burned and the latter captured.
In addition about 300 were killed and wounded. Among the
slain are Freicho, a leading commander, and Colonel Irconel
an Irishman. (fn. 1)
Madrid, the 2nd July, 1642.
78. To the Proveditore General in Terra Ferma.
As Colonel Douglas justifies his demands by citing the example
of Col. la Bastie, we must point out that the latter obtained
such terms for a very large levy and under very different circumstances,
in a thoroughly satisfactory way. You will draw
the attention of Col. Douglas to this, and if he is willing to give
way about the 10,000 ducats, we give you authority to promise
Ayes, 120. Noes, 2. Neutral, 8.
79. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
After assiduous application the commissioners appointed by
parliament to make fresh regulations for trade, have established
to the satisfaction of the merchants new prices in the payment
of the duties for all merchandise which reaches or leaves the
ports here, in the future. Incited by the directors of the Levant
Company, two of whom are members of parliament ill affected
towards your Excellencies, (fn. 2) the commissioners have joined with
this deliberation, for submission to the Lower House, the bill
to prohibit the importation of currants into this kingdom. This
was read yesterday for the second time, in accordance with the
custom, and was passed unanimously. To carry it through
nothing now remains but to read it the third time and then send
it to the Upper House for their consent. As that chamber at
present contains none but those who never disagree with the
decisions of the Commons, the bill will undoubtedly pass, and
to that extent will satisfy the iniquitous desires of those who,
stimulated by passion and moved by hopes of forcing your
Serenity to reduce the duties with the expectation of further
advantages, have so energetically pressed for this measure,
which I have done my utmost to prevent.
Well informed merchants are opposed to this innovation and
admit that it is injurious, while it is intensely disliked by many
who are accustomed to devote themselves to this trade every
year. But in order not to prejudice their other interests they
cannot and dare not offer open opposition to the wishes of the
directors of the Company, so I am told, and so they are constrained
to suffer the loss with patience.
When I had word of this new move I lost no time to going to
meet some of the members of the Upper House and to impress
upon them the prejudicial consequences which this measure will
involve. With every courtesy they assured me of the utmost
good will, but from what they said I gathered that they are not
disposed to oppose the proposals of the Commons. Accordingly
in order to prevent, if anyhow possible, this bill from receiving
his Majesty's consent, and guided by the orders of your Excellencies
of the 30th November, I have made up my mind to
send the enclosed letter to-morrow to the Secretary of State at
York, charging him to transmit it to the king. I considered it
would be a good plan to write in a reserved manner as well as
to adopt an insinuating attitude towards his Majesty, for I
know that such a tune sounds gratefully in his ears and facilitates
the successful conduct of business with him (ho creduto vantaggioso
consiglio formarla in termini riservati non meno che d'
insinuatione verso la Maesta Sua, sapendo io che il tuono di voci
tali s' accorda con la sua orecchia et agevola seco la felice condotta
I am not sending the copy of the bill to-night because it is
registered with the document of the custom house, which is very
lengthy and which I cannot have before to-morrow ; but I will
discharge this debt with my next despatch, and I am waiting
for the prudence of your Excellencies to supply me with instructions
for this thorny affair.
Meanwhile, in order that your Excellencies may have full
information about all particulars I have to report that the
quantity of currants brought to this kingdom in the present
year, and the scanty sale for them owing to the troubles of these
times, which compel every one to be less prodigal, has lowered
the price from 42 shillings, at which they used to sell these last
months, to 28.
London, the 4th July, 1642.
80. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador, to the
Secretary of State.
Represents the mischief that may result to their respective
princes from the proposal to stop the importation of currants,
in the injury to the royal revenue and to the sale of cloth. Quite
twenty ships are devoted to this traffic alone and their owners
will lose their only frieghts while the price of currants will be raised,
all for the benefit of a few individuals. It will also give the
Dutch a chance to capture this trade. Asks him to lay these
considerations before his Majesty to the end that he may give
orders to put a stop to so mischievous a design, which will not
only injure his subjects but prejudice friendly relations between
this nation and the most serene republic, which have lasted so
London, the 5th July, 1642.
[Italian ; copy.]
81. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
No reply has yet been given to the king's last proposals touching
the accommodation. These are all restricted within the
limits of an admirable moderation, and the most noteworthy
may be summed up as follows : that parliament, with the approval
of both Houses be removed out of this city, and he suggests six
others for the parliamentarians to choose from viz : Oxford,
Cambridge, Winchester, York, Coventry, Bristol and Nottingham
His Majesty promises that he will proceed to any one of
these and take part with proofs of sincere zeal. He asks for the
withdrawal of some decrees to the prejudice of his royal authority
and prerogatives. He asks that the fortress of Uls be promptly
handed over to him and the disobedience of the governor there
chastised by a severe punishment. He demands that the command
of the militia of the kingdom be confirmed to him again
by a new act of parliament and that the authors of seditious
tumults shall be seized and imprisoned, subjected to the censure
of parliament and then tried in accordance with the laws of the
realm. He offers to uphold all the rest of their decrees and to
grant a general pardon for the relief of everyone.
Lengthy conferences have been held upon the tenor of these
proposals, and although those who truly desire to see an assured
peace established in England consider them worthy of prompt
acceptance. But the interested parties who through the force of
such an agreement foresee that the greatness of their present fortune
would inevitably collapse, labour with all their might to prevent
them being accepted. They endeavour to show that they are contrary
to the constitutions of the crown, to the merit and confidence of this
city and to the dignity of parliament. They protest that they will
never agree to them and that they will boldly press forward until
they have completely carried out their original designs. In this
way they make it evident to men of right feeling that the promptings
of ambition alone and the instinct of self preservation induce them
to take the most desperate resolutions to the public hurt.
Meanwhile by letters to the magistrates of this city and by
proclamations his Majesty has commanded that no one, under
pain of severe punishment, shall venture to contribute money,
lend plate or afford any other assistance whatever which may
facilitate the levy of troops which parliament proposes to assemble.
He also threatens to suspend the privileges of London,
which are important, if it abandons its duty of obedience and
conspires in the prosecution of these military preparations.
He declares roundly that the end of the parliamentarians is
directed to the repression of religion by force, to impede the
free course of the laws, to introduce tyranny and to destroy his
royal person in abolishing his authority. He asserts for his
part in the most positive manner that he is devoted to the idea
of peace, that he aspires to nothing but the welfare of his subjects
and only the preservation of what is lawfully due to him. For
the purpose of setting forth these admirable intentions of his
with arguments to carry more conviction, the king has had a
new manifesto printed, signed by all the lords and other members
of parliament who are present with him, in which the same ideas
are expressed, and they try to make it clear that nothing but
the immoderate cupidity of private interests governs the deliberations
of the present parliament, and that in the midst of the
public troubles and disorders some are studying how they may
usurp for themselves the crown and the fortunes of the people.
Parliament, on the other side, by a counterblast, sets forth
its own sincerity and its constant zeal for the public welfare
and liberty. It makes known its suspicions that his Majesty
cherishes in his heart secret designs to ruin the present parliament.
It admonishes the people of the necessity for arming to put an
end to the unjust ambition of pernicious counsel, supported by
the king, and offers its protection to those who favour so just a
cause, which is common to all. (fn. 3) And so these unhappy people
attacked by the frequent appearance of these numerous documents,
so mutually contradictory, set about to adopt the opinions
which best square with their own disposition, and with such
divisions separating men in opinion the tranquillity of this
prince grows faint amid the disasters of most mischievous events
(onde combattuti questi infelici sudditi dalla frequenza di tante
scritture l' una altra si contrario, s' appigliano a qual parere che
piu quadra al proprio confacimento, et a questo modo dividendosi
gl' animi fa languire la quiete di questo Principe dentro l' angustie
di ben molesti avvenimenti).
In this city the lowest classes, with obstinate perseverance,
are constantly affording evidence of their passionate partiality,
in supporting the proposals of parliament. Their strong sympathies
induce them to offer for this object not only their work
but their humble fortunes as well. In addition, mastered by
this predominant feeling, they do not hesitate at times to prevent
by seditious tumults the publication of the king's proclamations.
But on the other hand those who possess larger means and who
experience the loss from the diminution of trade, do not join in
for the same ends and deeply resent this licence. But overcome
by the fear of chastisement they have not the courage to make
any opposition or even to refuse to meet the obligations and
payments which are demanded of them in this connection (in
questa citta la gente piu minuta con ostinata perseveranza dimostra
sempre piu la partialita di sua passione nel secondare i proponimenti
del Parlamento et con il favore di grande inclinatione offerisce a
tale oggetto l' opera non meno che le povere fortune, sne ne lascia
tal volta tirare da effetto si predominante di impedire con seditiosi
tumulti che li proclami del Re siano publicati. Quelli all' incontro
che possedono piu larghi commodi et che in la diminutione del
traffico provano il danno, non conspirano nei medesimi fini, et
risentono vivamente queste licenze, ma persuasi dal timore de'
castigi non gli resta cuore di contraporsi ne di ricusare tampoco di
soddisfare a quegli obblighi et agli esborsi che sono loro addossati
in questa occorenza).
In this way the parliamentarians assert that the contributions
which they derive from this city amount to a considerable sum
of money, and they feel confident that within a period of ten
days they will have at their disposition three regiments of cavalry,
all well mounted ; so much so that the leaders of this party, encouraged
by such prompt acceptance, become more and more hopeful of a
successful issue to their designs, while prudent men become less
sanguine than ever of seeing the differences here settled and tranquillity
quillity restored without trouble, as their definite termination still
remains subject to the uncertainty of events.
All the same, in the provinces the disposition of the lower
nobility to support the interests of the king shows itself constantly
on the increase and from every part of the kingdom they are
hastening to York to offer him their personal service with the
homage of their devotion.
The commissioners sent to York these last weeks with instructions
to prevent the people of those parts from taking the
royal side arrived back unexpectedly in this city yesterday. (fn. 4)
It has not yet transpired what causes led to their return and it
has given rise to all sorts of discussions. With the departure
of these ministers the king is relieved of the apprehension of
mischief which might be feared from their making a long stay
in that country. At the same time it has also cut off any communication
that he might have through their means with the
parliament, and that will render the negotiations for an agreement
more difficult supposing that the parties decide to enter upon
them with equal sincerity.
Into the towns of Newcastle and Baruich, both frontier fortresses
towards Scotland and the former only a short distance from
York, his Majesty has introduced numerous garrisons of armed
forces. The precise reasons which have induced him to hasten
to take such a step have not yet transpired. What makes it the
more noteworthy is that in the last settlement with the Scots
he bound himself to leave those fortresses in the charge of their
inhabitants only and this breach of an agreement amid circumstances
of such difficulty hardly promises a successful outcome
from this innovation.
To the agent kept by his Majesty at the Most Christian Court (fn. 5)
he has sent strict orders to present to the king there the most lively
remonstrances against his ambassador here for having addressed
himself to the parliament and for having shown his partiality upon
other occasions towards those who are ill disposed to his Majesty.
But the ambassador affects to care nothing for the king's sentiments
and continues to hold frequent secret conferences with the commissioners
of Scotland. By such empty shows he increases the indignation
of his Majesty and at the same time augments the suspicions
entertained about the intentions of that nation, whose actions, in
the presence of all these agitations, do not escape the narrowest
By a fresh despatch to Holland the king has countermanded
the orders sent to the Princes Palatine to come over to this side,
thereby to disarm the suspicion that he means by force of arms
to vindicate his rights against the rebels, which he has so far
sighed in vain to achieve, and to deprive them of the pretexts
by which they endeavour to justify their haste in making warlike
The fourteen ships which the merchants here have undertaken
to send to the relief of Ireland are all ready in the Downs and
with the first favourable wind they will start on their voyage to
those parts. They are furnished with numbers of troops, as
well as abundantly supplied with provisions and munitions of
war, so it is hoped that their arrival will prove of great assistance
for the defence of that island.
London, the 4th July, 1642.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
82. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
After I had written my preceding despatches an individual
has been here who favours me with particulars of all that takes
place in the parliament. He reports that in the sittings of to-day
the Lower House again examined the king's proposals about an
accommodation, and after perilous disputes it was resolved, with
shame on the malcontents, that it may not be lawful for parliament
to interfere in the distribution of offices or of any appointment
soever in the kingdom or in the royal household, but that
all should remain subject to the judgment and disposal of his
Majesty, in conformity with the laws. The point is one of great
importance and one on which the ambitious ones have insisted
more than on any other, with the intention of despoiling those
who now discharge their functions and subsequently appropriate
them to themselves. The same gentleman told me further
that upon this occasion many parliamentarians declared themselves
favourable to the king, some of whom have in the past
shown a scant regard for his interests, while others, uncertain
about themselves, have up to the present remained bound in
the modesty of a prudent silence.
Even the Council of London, being admonished by his Majesty's
commands, previously reported, has to-day intimated to parliament
through the mayor that it will not consent to any payment
of money whatever to meet the cost of the new levies or other
requirements of the kingdom, since they are determined to avoid
everything that might prejudice the duty of loyal obedience
which they profess for their lawful sovereign.
Further, letters have arrived this day from the new governor
of Uls, reporting that with the growth of the royal party in that
town, if measures of a drastic kind are not speedily taken for
securing the place he cannot feel confidence in himself and will
not answer for keeping it much longer faithful to the parliament.
This succession of unexpected events and reports has depressed
the rebels and they came out from parliament this night full of
confusion. The partisans of the king, on the other hand, take
heart again and feel confident that an advantageous adjustment
may ensue within the space of a few days, consonant with his
London, the 4th July, 1642.
83. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
When I went to call on Lord D' Andover, the ambassador
elect to your Serenity, when talking on many things I found an
opportunity to refer tactfully to the mistakes that had occurred
in the past in the reception of the ordinary Venetian ambassadors,
and hinted that on the arrival of the Ambassador Contarini
these would be corrected. Later on I did not forget to set
before him suitable representations about the affair of the currants,
urging him to put a stop to the efforts of persons acting
from self interest. I quoted all the arguments and he promised
to do everything in his power. With regard to the reception
of the ambassador he assured me that if I would let him know
precisely what was desired I should receive prompt satisfaction.
He has now gone, one day recently, to York, to serve the king
and procure the assignments for the expenses of his embassy.
From what I can see he has spoken to his Majesty upon both
subjects and now, at midnight, his gentleman, back from York,
has just come to this house. He has given me the enclosed paper
from his master, written by express command of the king, as
he definitely states, accompanied by his own assurances of
service to the most serene republic. I will make a reply in general
terms to-morrow, sending him a copy of my letter to the Secretary
of State and of the resolution of the Lower House.
London, the 4th July, 1642.
84. To Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador.
The king commands me to assure your Excellency that he
will not fail to satisfy the republic, to which he is specially bound.
I am directed to ask your Excellency to inform his Majesty how
he can show his respect to the republic, when he will see that the
defect is put right.
Signed : C. de Howard.
York, the 19th June, 1642.
[French, with Italian translation.]
85. Thadio Vico, Venetian Resident in Germany, to the
Doge and Senate.
The mediators have presented to the English ambassador a
paper which I have not yet seen ; but it does not satisfy him.
The smallest satisfaction which he claims from the emperor is
a declaration that the Palatine Princes are guiltless of offence
against the empire. After this the ambassador reserves it to
himself, when he has returned to England and conferred with
parliament, to take steps calculated to bring Bavaria to reason.
But the emperor will not make such a declaration, and so the
ambassador, if nothing better turns up, will depart re infecta,
and with no hope of anything good.
The ambassadors of the Palatine and of Denmark will go home
when England does.
Vienna, the 5th July, 1642.
86. Zuanne Zon, Venetian Secretary at the Hague, to
the Doge and Senate.
The States claim that the French no less that the Portuguese
and the English opposing the king are much indebted to them
for the stay of their fleet at Dunkirk. The French because of
the help that the Dunkirkers might give in Catalonia ; the Portuguese
because 4000 infantry are ready to embark in that port
to reinforce the Spanish army, and the parliament because in a
letter from the Spanish ministers to the King of England, recently
intercepted by the Dutch, they excused their delay in sending
prompt succour to his Majesty on the ground of the obstacle
offered by the Dutch fleet. The States defend their action as
being in their own interest to let matters proceed thus, and care
little about pleasing the queen here. But she sends frequently
to the army, urging the prince to help now that circumstances
seem somewhat favourable to the royal cause. As he cannot
contribute all that he would like to this, he has to put her Majesty
off with fair words, instead of deeds.
They talked recently, though the report has died away with
the arrival of good news from England the day before yesterday,
of her Majesty, in her dissatisfaction at the behaviour of this
country, going to Breda, staying there some days under pretence
of taking the waters of Spa, and then proceeding to Antwerp,
to ask for help from the King of Spain, as she cannot obtain it
Princes Roberto and Maurice set out for England the day
before yesterday. They take arms and a certain amount of
money, raised on the queen's jewels for the king's service. People
think here that the princes are ill advised to meddle in the quarrels
of their uncle with parliament, as they cannot do so without
risking the establishment of their mother, which is derived
from property in England.
On the same day there set out for France a gentleman sent
by her Majesty in response to a complimentary mission which
she received last week from the king, her brother.
The Hague, the 7th July, 1642.
87. To the Proveditore in Terra Ferma.
We note that Colonel Douglas has accepted 1600 ducats for
the command, but we will not grant his demand for 2000 when
he takes the field, nor will we give him permission to take leave
of absence for three months, to treat of his own interests.
Ayes, 131. Noes, 1. Neutral, 6.
88. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador in England,
to the Doge and Senate.
Since the last resolution in parliament in favour of the royal
authority on the question of the distribution of appointments
and the selection of councillors nothing further has been done
towards the moderation of the other preposterous demands
which were presented to his Majesty, as I reported ; neither do
we hear that the negotiations for an adjustment are progressing
with hope of a speedy and happy conclusion. At present indeed
all the consideration of the two parties is directed towards
making provision for the war. The parliamentarians who
incline to the prolongation of the troubles devise fresh inventions
whereby they may impress on the minds of the generality that
the king will not hear a word about any agreement, but that all
his moves are directed to clearing the way so that he may be
able to rule the people despotically by the destruction of this
parliament. Under such pretexts they are pushing on feverishly
with the levies of horse and foot which they propose to assemble,
ostensibly in order to remove from his Majesty's side and to
punish those lords who turn his thoughts away from peace, but
with the secret design of securing to themselves a long tenure of
their present authority, by means of armed force, and force the
king, if anyhow possible, to bow to their lawless pleasure.
Some small portion of this cavalry being ready, on the 5th
inst. a review was arranged which they endeavoured to hold
with the maximum of ostentation with the purpose of restoring
this parliament to the height of its original prestige. Since the
departure of so many of its members and the disunion which has
become manifest among those who are left, its credit has fallen
greatly with men of moderate opinions and it is now propped up by
interest rather than supported by popular enthusiasm (il quale
dopo la partenza di tanti parlamentari et la disunion che palese
apparisce fra quelli che sono redutti, e caduto assai di credito
apresso gl' uomini di moderato sentimento et hora rimane
spallegiato dall' interessi piu che secondato con i favori dell'
acclamatione universale). Moreover the money and plate collected
from the common people here does not reach by a long way to the
amount which was cunningly announced, since the total will not
exceed 8000l. sterling, which is a trifle by comparison with the multiplicity
of the demands.
Deputies have arrived here from the county of Somerset and
have presented a petition to parliament to find some way of
accommodation with the king. (fn. 6) These people profess themselves
completely satisfied with his assurances with regard to the
public liberty and declare that if these dissensions continue they
will have no choice but to stand firmly in defence of his interests.
Such a declaration is at once favourable to his Majesty's prospects
and damaging to those of the other side, and for this reason
every effort is made to keep the petition a secret and to discredit
... (fn. 7)
... (fn. 8) of parliament, the gentlemen and parliamentarians
who are with his Majesty in considerable numbers, have had a
manifesto printed in which, after lamenting the hard necessity
in which his Majesty finds himself, they announce that they feel
themselves in duty bound through the obligation of their birth,
to assist with the devotion of their entire fortunes to dissipate
the misfortunes which are being prepared for their country and
their prince by the immoderate ambition of a few individuals
... (fn. 8) document they have bound themselves ... (fn. 8) at their
own expense for the defence of so just a cause, 2000 horse paid
for three months. (fn. 9)
The king, for his part, thanks the forwardness of these loyal
subjects, and by a solemn oath has promised that he will never
abandon them to be ruled by their advice, to maintain inviolate
the Protestant confession and to preserve in their pristine vigour
the royal prerogatives and those of parliament as well.
Other private gentlemen have made similar offers and with
the king's power and credit increasing daily ... (fn. 8) free from
apprehension, and consequently the malcontents may find it
difficult to bring to perfection the machinations which they have
taken in hand.
Meanwhile by fresh proclamations his Majesty has sent a
determined precept to everyone not to afford obedience to the
lieutenants chosen by the parliament, but only to those who will
be sent by himself with patents under the Great Seal of England
to take part in the command of the militia of the country. He
has sent trustworthy men of character in every direction on this
errand with instructions to prosecute those who with parliamentary
commissions are so audacious as to continue to discharge
the functions of the office to which they were appointed.
In the county of Lancaster the earl of d' Arbi has taken possession
in the king's name and with little opposition, not only
of the government but of the magazines of munitions and of arms
that were in that district. In the city of Lincester also Baron
Astin has compelled the earl of Stanford to take to flight, after
some resistance. He had been sent with orders from the parliament
to assemble and inspect the militia there. (fn. 10)
Although these incidents partake rather of the nature of private
quarrels more than they indicate intentions, yet the parliamentarians
display feelings of great annoyance. They have been
meeting continually to discuss the means whereby they may be
able to prevent ... (fn. 8) which daily ... (fn. 8) with application, with
the determination ... (fn. 8) if possible, the authority.
... (fn. 8) resisting ; they have forbidden obedience to the lieutenants
chosen by his Majesty and have also prohibited under
severe penalties the transport to York of arms, saddles and other
munitions, with the purpose of throwing obstacles in the way of
the king's levies and retarding his military preparations. With
such measures taken in opposition by each side against the other,
and with the constantly increasing animosity and licence it
becomes more and more likely that after such a prolonged recourse
to the pen they will let loose the reins of passion and ultimately
appeal to the arbitrament of the sword. From this situation
fearful disasters are anticipated for this country and so many
... (fn. 8) moved by apprehension of the approaching calamities,
are retiring beyond the sea.
In spite of the declaration of the Council of London that in
consequence of his Majesty's precepts they would not supply
money or any other sort of assistance which might encourage
the present disorders, pressure is being brought to bear by threats
and coaxing respectively to persuade them to co-operate in the
plans of the parliament. As there is some suspicion that the
mayor, (fn. 11) in whose hands is the direction of the government,
is partial to the king's interests ... to strip him of his office
and ... (fn. 8) imprisonment. If this is done it may lead to considerable
disturbances in respect of the privileges of the city,
which with violence ... (fn. 8) would remain unaccomplished ... (fn. 8)
The ambassador of the Most Christian announces that he will
proceed very soon to York for the purpose of justifying himself
with the king about his late proceedings. He has now changed his
style and is trying every way he can to mitigate the bitter feeling
that his Majesty declared that he cherished against him. This
action has given rise to the belief that in France they do not look with
approval on his shows of public confidence and other demonstrations
of friendliness with which he has favoured the rebellious parliamentarians.
Many ships from Spain have put into the ports here this
present week. They have brought 500 cases of ready money,
which has afforded relief to the exigencies of this mart whose
customary trade has been cut to the quick by the disturbances
of the present day.
In pursuance of the proposal reported for the prohibition of
the importation of currants into this kingdom the Bill was read
for the third time in the Lower House on Saturday and was
passed without alteration in the Upper on Monday. Then,
together with the rest of the proposals touching the customs it
was sent on Tuesday to York to be made valid by his Majesty's
consent. I enclose a copy for your Excellencies to see. I have
again renewed my representations to Lord Fildinch and other
members of parliament, to prevent the enactment of such a
mischievous innovation. But no effort has availed to achieve
the end and considerations of private interests have prevailed
over those of the public convenience. All the same everyone
has openly admitted to me that they consider it prejudicial to
his Majesty as well as to the subjects of your Excellencies ;
that the offices of the directors of the Levant Company, of those
interested in the suit of Obson and of a certain John Flich, in
particular, who formerly used to live at Zante, have ... (fn. 8)
parliament to this decision. To prevent its enactment nothing
now remains except to importune his Majesty to refuse his consent.
They told me once again, seriously, that the bringing of
this fruit to England takes away a large sum of ready money
to the dominions of your Serenity, involving this kingdom in a
sensible loss, and that the multiplicity of gabelles and other
grievances which British subjects pretend that they have suffered
from in the islands of your Excellencies have augmented the ... (fn. 8)
of the bill. I responded to all this in a suitable manner, casting
discredit upon the malignity of such prejudiced information,
with the addition of all the arguments formerly adduced. I have
not yet received any reply from the secretary of State to the
letter written. I expect it very soon, and when it arrives I
will regulate my conduct in conformity with the requirements
of the state's service and will do my utmost to persuade the king
how mischievous this prohibition will be.
London, the 11th July, 1642.
[Italian ; the part in italics deciphered.]
89. Article from the Bill about Customs, voted in the two
Houses of Parliament on the 29th June.
That after the 31st August, 1642, no quantity of currants shall
be imported into his Majesty's realms of England and Wales,
by any merchant, English or foreign, or in any other way ; but
that the importation be prohibited from that date, and all
currants brought thereafter shall be forfeit, one half going to
the king and one half to the informer.
[Italian, from the English.]
90. Thadio Vico, Venetian Resident in Germany, to the
Doge and Senate.
The affair of the Palatine is left after all without any conclusion.
The English ambassador has departed with a signature to the
decree, which is utterly captious and entirely without substance.
I enclose a copy given me by the ambassador himself yesterday
morning, the day he left. He went away very ill pleased, yet
he spoke highly of the emperor always and of his good intentions
in this affair. He told me subsequently that all the mischief
proceeded from Bavaria, owing to his uninterrupted secret
intelligence with France. These relations moreover caused
serious misgivings to the emperor himself. But some day or
other and perhaps sooner than he thought, the duke might have
occasion of testing the sentiments of England and of the other
supporters of the Palatine House, since he had never been willing
to accept any compromise during the negotiations, especially
since these intrigues of his with the French.
The present which the ambassador received from his Majesty
was a cabinet with various pretty devices in silver gilt, worth
about 1000 thalers and no more, because things are very tight,
as is well known.
Vienna, the 12th July, 1642.
91. Decretum Caesareum de xxviii Junii anni MDCXLII.
Caesarae Maj. relatum est Legatum Anglicum jam hic commorantem
a regia dignitate domino suo evocatum esse eumque
intra x aut xii dies iter suum prosequi velle ; meminit autem Maj.
sua quanto labore et sumptibus isteressati in hoc Palatino
negotio et tot Regii et Electorales legati convocati sint ; item
quo zelo, sollicitudine et diligentia toto hoc temporis spacio tam
Ratisbonae, quam hic in his tractatibus laboraverint, facile quod
potest conjicere illis nihil clarius accidisse quam si a parte Palatina
specialis aliqua declaratio secuta fuisset. Nec dom. Anglicus
legatus a prima sua declaratione usque ad ultimam in generalibus
Ut non amissa sint videt Caes Maj. quam necessaria sit dilectae
Patriae interna quies et remotio omnis dissidentiae ; ideoque
putat in hoc Palatino negotio non esse cessandum, sed cum
omnibus interessatis ulterius serio agendum, ut haec tractatio, ad
quam non tantum totum Imperium sed et omnes vicini Principes
respiciunt, non sine fructu pereat. Petit ergo a dictis dominis
regis et Electoribus ad interpositionem deputatis summa diligentia
eo laborent ne hi tractatus ad alias conjuncturas aliunde
tempus remittantur ; sed jam ex fundamento curentur et componantur
bona spe freta per ipsorum dexteritatem et apud
interessatos authoritatem, et unam et alteram ex principalibus
difficultatibus superari posse ipsoque interessatos haud libenter
visuros ut ea quae jam in hac causa elaborata sunt irrita maneant
aut ad alium conventum remittantur. Hoc facientes domini
Regis et Electorales consiliarii et deputati rem utilissimam
perficient, obligabunt sibi hac interna particulari pacificatione
dilectam Patriam habebunt inde sempiternam laudem et
Caesaream gratiam, aperientque viam ad ulteriorem tranquillitatem.
Quibus Caes. Maj. semper omni affectu addicta
maneat. Signatum in Camera Imperiali Aulica.
Vienna xxviii Junii MDCXLII.
Ferdinandus Comes Kurtz
Johann. de Walderode
nomine Caes. Maj. dom. nostri clem, dominis Regio et Electoralibus
consiliariis et legatis ad interpositionem in causa
Palatina deputatis etc.
92. Zuanne Zon, Venetian Secretary at the Hague, to the
Doge and Senate.
Three days ago one de L' Ile arrived from York, sent by the
King of England express to the Queen here with letters which
he had to throw into the sea because they fell in with some ships
of the parliament, which proposed to search them. The news
he brings orally is very favourable to the royal cause. He further
states that he brought a royal order to the Princes Palatine
to suspend their journey to that kingdom until they heard again
from his Majesty.
The Hague, the 14th July, 1642.
93. Antonio Molino, Venetian Proveditore of Zante,
to the Doge and Senate.
With reference to the memorial presented in the Collegio by
the English Resident, I have only recently been able to confer
with the merchant concerned, because he has been away. He
came to me himself and only asked for the restitution of the
steelyard which had been seized, as alleged, by an act in the
process which ought not to be proceeded with further. I have
conferred with the Proveditore Gritti of Cephalonia and we
have agreed to satisfy the merchant, in such a way, however,
as not to interfere with the due course of justice, the action taken
being the result of the clemency of the state and done out of
pure favour. I think that by adopting this way we shall avoid
further annoyance to the functions of the state and that the
Resident will have to accept it in the assurance that these merchants
here always enjoy the most friendly disposition and every
assistance from the public representatives.
Zante, the 4th July, 1642, old style.