Abingdon, co. Berks :
mayor of committed to prison, 124n.
king pushes out towards, 289.
Admiral, lord High. See Percy, Algernon, earl of Northumberland.
Adwalton Moor, co. Yorks :
Fairfax defeated at, 298.
agents. See under ambassadors.
-, Agustini, Gieronimo
-, secretary to the ambassador Giustinian :
to be left in charge of embassy, 60, 133, 174, 185
-, to proceed to Hague, 155, 173.
to avoid occasions for trouble, 159
-, to be fully instructed about currants affair, 174.
to pay gratuities to ministers, 196
-, present to, 197, 207, 208, 217, 218.
Venetian Secretary in England :
despatches to the Senate, 215, 218, 222, 224, 228, 230, 232, 234, 235, 239, 242, 245, 248, 251, 254, 256, 259, 260, 263, 264, 267, 269, 271, 273, 275, 278, 280, 282, 285, 288, 291, 294, 297, 300, 302, 304.
Giustinian leaves in charge, 214, 215.
letter to Nicholas, 253.
letter of Nicholas to, 253, 254.
fears perils of going to Court, 253, 254, 290, 291
-, performs office through Nicholas, 299
-, gets Nani's goods passed, 302.
Almada, Dom Antao de, Portuguese ambassador in England, 28n.
attempt to search house, 290.
Alsberi. See Aylesbury.
Amalia, Princess of Orange, wife of Frederick Henry :
outbreaks of Princess Mary against, 158, 169
-, accompanies prince to Breda, 273.
manner of receiving Venetian, 8, 29, 93, 105, 195, 196.
suffer from king losing control of customs, 27.
presents to, 98, 151, 197, 207, 208, 216-218.
houses exempted from search, 141.
salary and appointments of Venetian, 158, 159.
Ambassadors, agents, envoys, papal nuncios, residents, secretaries :
Danish, in England. See Ulefelt, Cornelis.
Danish in Germany. See Ulefelt, Cornelis.
Dutch, to England. See Boreel, William (designate)
-, Joachimi, Albert
-, Reede, Jan van sieur de Renswoude (designate)
-, Vosberghen, Gaspar (designate).
Dutch, to congress at Munster. See Mathenesse, Jan
-, Nassau, Count William of
-, Pauw, Adrian.
English, to France. See Augier, Reéné (parliament)
-, Brown, Richard (secretary).
English, in Germany. See Roe, Sir Thomas.
English, in the Netherlands. See Boswell, William (resident)
-, Strickland, Walter (parliament).
English, at the Porte. See Crow
-, Sir Sackville.
English, to Spain. See Hopton, Sir Arthur
-, Howard, Thomas, earl of Arundel (designate).
English at Venice. See Fielding Basil lord
-, Howard, Charles, viscount Andover (designate)
-, Talbot, Gilbert (secretary).
French, in England. See Bure, M. de (agent)
-, Estampes, Jacques d' marquis of la Ferté Imbault
-, Gressy, sieur de (envoy).
French, in the Netherlands. See Brasset, Jean (secretary)
-, Cognet, Gaspar, sieur de la Tuillerie
-, Gressy sieur de (envoy).
French, at Venice. See Hameaux, M. des.
Imperial, in England. See Lisola, Francis Paul Freiherr von.
Palatine (Princess) in England. See Williams, Sir Abraham.
Palatine (Prince) to Germany. See Spina, Dr.
papal nuncio in Germany. See Carafa, Carlo.
Portuguese, in England. See Almada, Antao de.
Portuguese, in the Netherlands. See Andrada, Francesco de.
Spanish, in England. See Cardenas, Alonso.
Tuscan, in England. See Salvetti, Amerigo.
Tuscan, at Venice. See Zati, Francesco Maria (resident).
Venetian, in England. See Agostini, Girolamo (secretary)
-, Contarini, Vicenzo (designate)
-, Giustinian, Giovanni.
Venetian, in France. See Giustinian, Girolamo
-, Nani, Giovanni Battista
-, Soranzo, Girolamo.
Venetian, in Germany. See Giustinian, Giovanni
-, Vico, Thadio (resident).
Venetian, in the Netherlands. See Zon, Zuanne (secretary).
Venetian, at Rome. See Bon, Girolamo (secretary).
Venetian, in Spain. See Sagredo, Niccolo.
Amilton. See Hamilton.
Amsterdam [Prov. North Holland, Netherlands] :
queen visits, 59, 64
-, munitions provided by queen at, 85.
inclined to send munitions to Charles, 169
-, queen pawns jewels at, 185.
present of money to queen, 194, and porcelain, 209.
ships from take officers to Newcastle, 223
-, ships reach from East, 303.
Jews from, export goods from England, 252.
merchants of :
queen pledges jewels to, 70.
Pensionary of. See Boreel, William.
Andover, viscount. See Howard, Charles.
Andrada, Dr. Francesco de, de Leitao, Don Francesco d'Andrade Leitan, Portuguese ambassador to the Netherlands :
expected at Hague, 28.
Andrewes, Thomas, sheriff of London, consults parliament about publishing king's reply, 236.
Anglicans. See Church of England.
Angola, West Africa :
Dutch will not restore conquests in, 28.
Angouleme, bishop of. See Noel, Jacques le.
Annandale, earl of. See Murray, James.
Antelope, royal ship :
captain changed, 103n.
Antwerp [Prov. Antwerp, Belgium] :
queen talks of going to, 94
-, Arundel at, 142.
interest of Scots in king retaining, 55
-, king's sole right to make, 92, 95.
enlist in parliament army, 118, 123
-, armed and drilled, 176.
money for fleet taken from caisse of, 225.
petition for peace, 228
-, king wishes reply read before, 236.
Arbi. See Stanley, James, earl of Derby.
Arford. See Seymour, William, marquis of Hertford.
Argyle, Arghil, earl of. See Campbell, Archibald.
Armistice, cessation :
discussed in parliament, 228
-, Lords resolve in favour of, 242, 248
-, division among Lords over, 246.
discussed in Commons, 242, 243, 245
-, Commons try to render vain, 248.
city opposed to, 246.
Essex consulted about, 248, 249, 251, 255
-, his replies, 250, 256.
king's requirements, 249, 251
-, king fixes date for acceptance, 255.
terms proposed, 251
-, Commons will not alter, 260, 263
-, but grant extension of time, 263.
Commons refuse king's demands, 259
-, king's offer, 263
-, king's final demands, refused, 265, 267.
Army, parliamentary :
being assembled to go against York, 79, 82
-, feverish preparations, 95.
justification of, 79
-, appeal for support of, 82.
provision for payment of, 79, 83, 118.
king forbids contributions for, 89
-, city refuses money for, 92.
estimate of strength, 90
-, review of horse, 95
-, reviews daily, 112, 113.
drafts sent to garrison Hull, 103.
Essex made general of, 106, 113, 123
-, Bedford to command horse, 113.
further levies, 107, 112, 130, 135, 140
-, Essex to enlist large force, 118
-, apprentices for, 118, 123.
king demands disbanding, 117.
unlikely to be powerful enough, 118
-, poor material, 123
-, licentious behaviour, 135.
estimated strength, 135
-, country unable to supply enough weapons for recruits, 147.
billeting about London, 135
-, Essex reviews cavalry, 147.
rapid recruiting for, 154, 170
-, strength of, 160.
sets out from London, halted at Northampton, 159.
military opinion as to quality of, 160
-, increases in numbers but not in quality, 165.
panic at Sherborne, 161
-, more numerous but considered unequal to fighting king's, 172.
difficult to enforce strict discipline in, 165
-, frequent desertions, 171, 249.
parliament urges advance against king, 166
-, marches to Coventry and Worcester, 169.
increasing disorder and division in, 175
-, strength at Worcester, 182.
suspected peculation of money for, 176
-, busy recruiting for, 198, 203, 206.
dragoons beaten by Rupert, 176
-, Rupert surprises at Chichmaster, 186.
king leaves in rear, 186
-, losses at Edgehill, 191
-, saved by impetuosity of royal cavalry, 196.
new corps to be formed under Warwick, 188, 191
-, London to maintain cavalry force, 206
-, Warwick declines command, 210.
worsted in Yorkshire, 189
-, Rupert defeats at Brentford, 201.
Essex brings to London
-, strength of, 198
-, quartered 6 miles from London, 203.
fresh levy for, 203
-, constantly strengthened, 219, 228.
captures military commanders from Denmark, 203.
king prepared to offer battle to, 205
-, advances to Kingston, 210.
Corporation grant money for, 211
-, money required for strengthening, 225.
earl of Newcastle drives from York, 217
-, defeated at Marlborough, 219.
siege of Chichester, 223, 226, 229
-, takes and evacuates Banbury, 226.
royal army double strength of, 229, 237
-, proposed disbanding, 242, 248, 259.
quarrels between leaders, 235
-, Bedford resigns command of cavalry, 243, 244
-, Balfour succeeds to command, 244.
grain for captured, 237
-, 5 weeks' pay for sent to Essex, 249.
threat to York, 247.
reply of Essex about disbanding, 250
-, parliament orders return of strength, 265.
used to collect taxes, 252
-, money sent to, 270
-, effort to provide regular pay for, 278.
Rupert moves to surprise, 253
-, defeat at Banbury, 274.
idea of making Brooke commander, 256.
captains instructed to fill up companies, 264
-, advance on Oxford, 265, 268.
sufferings at siege of Reading, 269
-, frequent cavalry skirmishes, 274.
arrears due to, Essex demands pay, 276
-, Essex brings pay for, 278.
serious sickness in, 282, 285, 298, 300
-, attempt to capture pay for, 292.
offence caused by making plebeian officers in, 290
-, many leaders in refuse oath of covenant, 295, 297.
surprise in face of enemy, 297
-, withdrawn to Aylesbury, 298.
Essex asks reinforcements, 300.
Army, the royal :
king sends for Rupert and Maurice to command in, 85
-, gentry offer cavalry, 96.
parliament tries to stop material for, 96, 97
-, equipment of, 124.
king's measures to collect, 101
-, offers of troops for, 112
enlistments for, 124.
feeling in country favourable to strength, 102
-, reported strength of, 131, 135.
Cumberland to command infantry, 102
-, strength, leaving York, 139.
king forbids Catholics to serve in, 134
-, parliament demands disbanding, 162.
estimated strength, short of infantry, 147, 161
-, rapidly increasing, 169, 170.
assembling at Shrewsbury, 169, 172
-, march on London, 180-182, 185.
punctually paid, 171
-, strength, well supplied, 172, 181.
considered sufficient for purpose, 172
-, strength, and growing, 186.
captains of trained bands resign on news of approach, 182.
Essex reports march, 182
-, losses at Edgehill, 191
-, strength after, 192.
new parliament forces unlikely to stand up against, 188.
reorganised at Oxford, 192, 193, 195
-, brought to Oxford, 196
-, marched from Oxford to Egham, 197.
commotion in London at approach, 198, 201
-, king takes to Oxford to recruit, 205, 210.
Ruthven to command, 203
-, queen sending Gen. King to command, 221
-, Hertford made general, 237.
overwhelming superiority of cavalry, 205
-, Essex avoids general engagement with, 219.
reinforcements for, from Wales and Cornwall, 217
-, strength at Oxford, 229.
Catholics serving in may be slain with impunity, 223.
complaints of excesses against peasants, 229
-, quite content and satisfied, 237.
expected strength in spring, 231
-, efforts to prevent Newcastle joining, 232.
failure at Exeter and Cirencester, 231.
measures to cut short supplies of, 235
-, captures carts going to Windsor, 237.
Newcastle made general beyond Trent, 236.
proposed disbanding, 242, 248, 259
-, stronger in cavalry, 272
-, frequent cavalry skirmishes, 274.
strengthened by desertions from other side, 249, 290.
fear of advance on London, 252
-, moving to relief of Reading, 271
-, repulsed, 271, 272.
Hopton finds difficulty in joining, 260
-, Essex reluctant to engage, 274.
king reviews, strength, 272
-, weakness in infantry, 290
-, increasing strength, 300.
fear of transfer to Yorks, 273
-, reinforcements brought by queen to, 305.
demands execution of Fielding, 283
-, raids close to London, 295, 297.
Army, Scottish :
intention to come to aid of parliament, 141
-, king confident can prevent leaving Scotland, 253
-, Leslie has orders to make ready for invasion, 262.
ready to take field for parliament, 266
-, assembling, but doubtful if can leave country, 293.
Lords wish to enter England, 301
-, offered goods of Catholic and royalists they take, 306.
Arundel, countess of. See Howard, Alethea.
-, earl of. See Howard, Thomas.
Aston, Sir Arthur, governor of Reading :
reports bad state of place, 240
-, brave defence, 268, 270
-, seriously wounded, 269, 271, 272.
Reading surrendered without knowledge of, 272.
-, Sir Thomas :
defeat at Middlewich, 260.
Aston, Astin, Walter baron :
routs Stamford from Leicester, 96.
Attorney General. See Herbert, Sir Edward.
-, for North Wales. See Lloyd, Sir Richard.
Augier, Oge, Oger, Reéné, English agent in France :
proposed to send, 168
-, doubt about reception, 168, 169
-, commissions of, 171
-, to request release of English barque and sound king's intentions, 178.
Austria, House of :
natural antipathy of English to, 64.
Palatines to renounce treaties against, 74
-, suggested alliance with Dutch against, 148
-, king required to make alliance against, 236.
Austria, Upper :
compensation to Bavaria for, 75.
Austrians. See imperialists.
Aylesbury, Alsberi, co. Bucks :
Rupert moves towards, 260
-, Essex withdraws to, 298, 300.