114. Gio. Battista Nani, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
At the same time [the Spaniards] are also deprived of the great
levy of English which was promised them with the permission of
parliament, to be sent across to Flanders. But from this side
they thwarted the design with every sort of office and the employment
of various devices. Not only did they give assurances to
the two Houses in the name of this crown that it would not meddle
in their domestic troubles, but they have captivated the entire
class of sailors and merchants. Thus the English had preyed
upon a number of vessels of this nation, and reprisals were also
committed in return ; but now, by order of the king, they have
released the craft, the goods and the crews without anything
being rendered by the parliament in return. Their reward has
been the refusal given to the Spaniards of permission to take
levies from the kingdom.
Encloses the advices of London.
Paris, the 7th April, 1648.
115. Advices from London, the 26th March, 1648.
The people of Wales and Cornwall are rising in favour of the
king, intimating that he must be set at liberty and a peace made
upon terms honourable to him and his house. The governor of
Pembroke has declared for the royal side. The Houses have been
extremely moved by this news. They have thought of sending a
portion of the army to put down the mischief at birth, but as the
lower orders in London conspire to the same end it has been
considered advisable not to send away the forces with which
parliament keeps London itself in subjection. Some English
royalists are now going to Scotland in the hope that parliament
there may decide to uphold the name and honour of the royal
house. Parliament in London has sent to its deputies to keep
watch on a matter of such consequence and to request the Scots
to have the malcontents sent back and consigned to the two
Houses, to receive exemplary punishment. The deputies on both
sides continue their conferences at Edinburgh, but no result is
seen and the English cannot yet get a definite reply.
In Ireland Lord Inchequin has taken the field for parliament
and stormed a small place. (fn. 1) He is levying contributions and
pillaging the country. In London they have ordered the raising
of some companies for requirements there.
116. Gio. Battista Nani, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
To gratify the English still more they have issued an announcement
that all the parliamentary vessels may put in with perfect
security at all the ports of the realm and traffic there and that
these facilities will be refused to those which bear the name and
patents of the king, as they cannot be anything but privateers,
since the king has no longer any apparent forces of any sort of
Encloses the Spanish packet and the advices of London.
Paris, the 14th April, 1648.
117. Advices from London, the 2nd April, 1648.
In spite of the divisions and parties that are forming in Scotland,
animated by the voices of the preachers and ministers, it seems
that the majority incline to the king's side and that they mean to
ask the English to set his Majesty at liberty, restore him to the
throne, permit him to reside in London and arrange a peace on
moderate terms, otherwise they will break with England and
appeal to arms. Three whole regiments have passed from England
to Scotland with the intention of serving the royal party. The
two Houses in London have sent to Edinburgh earnestly requesting
parliament there not to receive them and they are waiting
for the reply. Colonel Doyer (fn. 2) still holds out in Pembroke castle
and declares that he will keep it for the king and his parliament.
Colonel Fleming has demanded his surrender in the name of
parliament, but without avail. The disturbances in favour of
the king persist in that county and in the principality of Wales
also. Gen. Fairfax is leaving London for Bury, his headquarters.
118. To the Ambassador at Munster.
Acknowledge receipt of his letters of the 2nd and 27th March and
the 4th April. Note the office of Salvetti to prevent help being
given to the Turks. This has decided the Senate to write to
Florence so that the Grand Duke may send orders to that minister
to show renewed energy upon the same affair ; for which the
ambassador also should renew his offices and encourage Salvetti,
showing appreciation of what he has done and of the good results
that may be hoped therefrom.
Ayes, 134. Noes, 2. Neutral, 3.
|119. To the Resident at Florence.
Our Bailo reports the violence used by the Turks to obtain
the services of the Dutch, English and French ships at the Porte
in war against our republic, although considerations of piety and
reason should prevail with the powers to prevent such a thing,
happening, by stopping their shipping from going to Turkish
ports. There being no minister of the republic in England, the
Ambassador Contarini at Munster has availed himself of the offices
of Salvetti, the Tuscan minister, who desires an assurance that
the Grand Duke would approve of his intervening in the matter.
You will speak to his Highness so that orders may be sent to his
minister to act in so good a cause. We have sent orders to our
Captain General to make known to those interested in the ships
of every nation which go to those marts that in view of the violence
and molestation suffered by ships in the Turkish ports, those which
succeed in escaping and which reach our fleet will be allowed to
keep everything which they bring away in which the Turks are
interested, to serve as an incitement for them to stimulate their
resolution. This also may be communicated by you to assist in
getting the orders and facilitate the better conduct of the affair.
Ayes, 103. Noes, 0. Neutral, 0.
120. Gio. Battista Nani, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
I have had to pay the money for the arms to M. de la Valetta.
I only wanted to give it for the 1,000 Irish, because that is finished
so far as he is concerned, but he induced me to do it for the English
also, having shown me two deeds by which it appears that for the
English levy he has paid out 20,000 crowns to Colonel Paccadin
and 23,000 to Colonel Aurely. He also showed me letters from the
latter reporting that he had obtained permission for the levy from
Gen. Fairfax and from Cromwell, and the letters of this week state
that he has it from parliament also, but he wants a certificate from
me that the levy is for your Serenity, because the Houses suspect
that others have enlisted soldiers under the name of France and
Spain, who have gone to Scotland to help the royalists. I have
sent the certificates in a general form which means nothing, but
I do not know if they will consider a sheet of paper enough.
The deputy of the Irish clergy (fn. 3) come to treat with the queen of
England has been to see me and told me that the Catholics there
have considered your Serenity's need of men and their own need
of money, and are disposed to listen to overtures, as they consider
war against the Turk and against the heretic as equally important.
They felt sure that as many could be supplied as the most serene
republic would pay for. In past years they had allowed Spain and
France to compete for troops, but now the country was without
the men and without the money it had become an affair of private
profit. Their complacency had not disposed any of the crowns to
afford them assistance, which was denied them at present by all,
although their cause was that of God and the faith. Accordingly
they have decided that for the future, when anyone desires troops
he must pass the money through their hands. They gave your
Serenity the first offer on the understanding that when the war
with the Turk is over the republic will not refuse to render such
pious assistance, the affairs of the faith being reduced to very
great straits. On their side they promise to hand over to the
republic as a security the most important fortresses and ports of
the kingdom. In reply I thanked them warmly for the offer,
commending their courage and zeal, but told them that the
season was now too far advanced for anything to be done this
The advices of London are attached.
Paris, the 21st April, 1648.
121. Advices from London, the 9th April, 1648.
The divisions in the Scottish parliament persist, the Marquis
of Argyle leading the party that favours the English and Hamilton
the royal side. Although the majority leans to the king the Houses
in London do not seem very apprehensive as before the Scots
declare against England they must be agreed among themselves,
or decide who is to prevail by force. The ecclesiastical ministers
have issued a declaration condemning war and reproving those
who, without having first settled any point of agreement with the
king, are anxious to go to his Majesty's service. They commend
the others who incline to interpose to bring about a peace on suitable
terms. Ten members have been expelled from parliament
as not having been introduced legitimately. The English troops
who entered Scotland to support the royal party have been
quartered in different places and no answer has yet been given to
the requests of the two Houses, which have been repeated.
In London the two Houses have examined a confession of faith
which the preachers have newly published. As regards doctrine
they are all agreed, but upon discipline there is still a great discrepancy.
Divers counties have complained of the extortions of the soldiers
living at discretion in their quarters, but they have been told that
they must first pay the taxes due in order that the soldiers may
be satisfied. Some troops in Cornwall were accused of holding out
a hand to the governor of Pembroke, but they have protested
their obedience to the two Houses and their general, but on condition
that they are all assembled in one corps and that they receive
two months' pay in cash.
122. Zuanne Zon, Venetian Secretary at Florence, to the
Doge and Senate.
Encloses the papers sent to him that evening by the Bali Gondi
touching the orders given to Salvetti.
Florence, the 25th April, 1648.
123. The Bali Gondi, to Amerigo Salvetti, Tuscan Resident
Order to perform such offices as he sees fit in response to the
appeal of the Ambassador Contarini about the help given to the
Grand Turk by the English.
Florence, the 25th March, 1648.
[Italian ; copy.]
124. The Grand Duke of Tuscany, to his minister Salvetti.
Instructions to perform offices with the parliament and the
Levant company to the end that English ships may not help the
Florence, the 21st April, 1648.
[Italian ; copy.]
125. Gio. Battista Nani, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
Encloses advices of London.
Paris, the 28th April, 1648.
126. Advices from London, the 16th April, 1648.
The Scots are still disputing and the end of their parliament
cannot be foreseen with certainty. The English deputies are
labouring not only to foment discord among them but to win over
the opposite side by large offers of gold.
The governor of Pembroke still holds fast for the king. A
parliamentary force gathered to attack him, but Major General
Langhorne, who also declared for the king, attacked and defeated
it. The insurrection is spreading throughout the whole province
and many are joining the royal party. The two Houses have
accordingly decided to send an army corps of 6,000 foot in that
direction so that the mischief may not spread further.
In Ireland things are going badly for both sides, as the country
is ruined and cannot support either. Lord Inchquin asks help
from parliament, and to satisfy him they are hastening to raise
8,000l. sterling in London upon the 20,000l. which were set apart
every month for those requirements.
They have discovered a plot against the Tower of London, which
nearly succeeded, but they have made better arrangements for its