139. Gio. Battista Nani and Michiel Morosini, Venetian
Ambassadors in France, to the Doge and Senate.
The gentleman I sent to London has arrived and tells me that
Colonel Pannatin gave him to expect that the men would be ready
to embark in a very few days. The first ordinary will report if
this is so.
Scottish deputies have come here to invite the Prince of Wales,
who will soon set out for that country, the news of which is in
the enclosed sheet.
Paris, the 2nd June, 1648.
140. Advices from London, the 21st May, 1648.
On the news of the defeat of Colonel Flemingh the Houses sent
troops to Wales who totally routed those of Pogyer, the royalist
commander. (fn. 1) This good news is counterbalanced by the revolt
of Bristol and other important towns who all shout for the king
and his liberty. About 12,000 Scots have approached the frontier
to support those who have occupied Varvich and Carlisle. Parliament
is busily fortifying Newcastle, which is the best town that
remains to them in that district. It has also blockaded Varvich
from the sea and ordained that the northern counties shall
continue the union for their defence and shall enlist troops.
To the city of London they have granted the direction of its troops.
Fairfax has also agreed to take troops away from there and he has
already given up two posts. It is said he will hand over the
Tower, of which he is governor, to the custody of the citizens.
They have completely exonerated the Earl of Northumberland
about the flight of the Duke of York, and he remains governor of
the Duke of Gloucester and of a daughter of the king, who are
still in London.
141. To the Bailo at Constantinople.
To thank the English ambassador for his spirited action to
prevent the Turks from having his ships, telling him that the
memory of this should live throughout the ages to the enhancement
of his merits. No other behaviour could be expected from
the minister of a Christian prince for the defence of the faith. To
try to keep him firm to his resolution.
Ayes, 109. Noes, 1. Neutral, 15.
142. Gio. Battista Nani and Michiel Morosini, Venetian
Ambassadors in France, to the Doge and Senate.
The queen of England has assembled all those of her nation of
the highest rank, of whom a great number have taken refuge at
this Court, and informed them of the state of affairs. After all
had given their opinions it was resolved unanimously that the
Prince of Wales should leave France and go to Holland, as the best
place for proceeding to Scotland when occasion requires and at
short notice, the better to avoid the snares that parliament may
spread for him.
The enclosed sheet contains the chief news from London.
Castelli writes from there that as usual Colonel Pannatin held out
hopes of embarking soon, but keeps putting off. If he does not
begin this month Castelli will return here to avoid the useless
Paris, the 9th June, 1648.
143. Advices from London, the 28th May, 1648.
In various counties many are rising and acclaiming the king.
But the declaration seems premature for as the Scottish army has
not yet entered the kingdom there is no body of troops to support
them, and it is thought that they may suffer the same disaster
as happened in Wales.
A large number of men from Surrey with arms in their hands,
has entered London and gone to parliament demanding liberty for
the king, the preservation of the privileges of the realm and to be
relieved of the billeting at discretion of the soldiers. The Lower
House would not answer, so that these men in their irritation had
a scuffle with some companies of the guards, killing a soldier or
two, and left London. (fn. 2)
In handing over the Tower to the citizens of London Gen.
Fairfax has stripped it of the arms and munitions there and taken
them all away to Windsor castle. They do not much like this,
the less because the army has nominated deputies to treat with
the mayor and sheriffs of London and demand 30,000l. sterling
and other assignments every month.
144. With respect to the petition of the English merchant
John Obson about the consulship of his nation, there are four
heads : (1) if the English are accustomed to have a consul here ;
(2) how long the post has been vacant ; (3) who chooses the
consul ; and (4) if Obson has the necessary things (le requisiti)
about the choice of his predecessors. We find that (1) there has
been a consul for the English for 40 years and more. His duty
is solely to protect the ships and captains that come from England,
with the emolument of 10 ducats per ship, paid by the captains.
(2) Michael Frances, the Englishman who exercised the charge,
left this city about three months ago, a bankrupt and liable to
prosecution, as is notorious in the mart. (3) The choice is usually
made by the English merchants trading here. On the 17th
October, 1620, they chose Thomas Guther, on the death of the
preceding consul. We note that they assume the approval of
the ambassador and of the company of merchants which we are
informed is the Trinity House. We also learn that Thomas
Lorenzon a Venetian performed the duties of consul while he was
resident here, and when Lord Fielding came he nominated a
member of his household, having the business connected with the
ships performed by Ottavio Xobazzi, who did this until recently.
Finally the Trinity Company chose Obson. He could not attend
to it then, because of his affairs, and by arrangement with the
Resident he introduced Frances. Finally there are Obson's
patents from the Trinity Company assigning to him the ordinary
emoluments. We report him competent for the post and consider
him worthy of the appointment.
Dated the 10th June, 1648.
145. Gio. Battista Nani, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
No further news has come about the levy of M. de la Valette in
Ireland. Castelli writes that the ships are ready to leave Bristol,
but the confusion in that kingdom is so great that there is no
assurance of anything. The advices of London are enclosed.
Paris, the 16th June, 1648.
146. Advices from London, the 4th June, 1648.
The Scots have published a manifesto containing their reasons
for taking arms if the English will not amicably do what they ask,
which is, observance of the covenant, release of the king, abolition
of bishops, establishment of the Presbyterian religion, disbanding
the army, and the extirpation of the Independents and other
sects which prevail in that army. They have ordered their troops
to assemble on the frontier on the 3rd inst. and in the middle
of the month those of the north should also be there, to attack
England on two sides and with two army corps.
In London they have arrested some of those of the royal party
to keep the others in check, but in the provinces all is tumult
and revolt. The men of Surrey, who were sent out of London last
week, are greatly incensed and threaten further revenge. Essex
is already in arms. Kent, at the very gates of London, has risen
and the royalists have occupied Rochester which is the port where
the large ships abound, containing the magazines of the navy
and arms. In Ireland the parliamentary party has lost more
towns, and not having succour, is hard pressed.
London, the 4th June, 1648.
147. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador at the Congress
of Munster, to the Doge and Senate.
Encloses letter received from Salvetti.
Munster, the 19th June, 1648.
148. Amerigo Salvetti, Tuscan Resident in England, to
the Ambassador Contarini.
Has seen the body of the Levant Company. They assured
him that it was never their intention that any of the Company's
ships should serve the Turks against any Christian prince. Their
people have orders to avoid all chances of undergoing compulsion,
such as might happen if the ships were under the command of
Turkish guns. They promised to issue fresh orders for the
avoidance of such places. Their ships had been stopped by
General Grimani at the Dardanelles, and they intimated that
Venice should allow them to enter and to leave Constantinople.
London, the 22nd May, 1648.
[Italian ; copy.]
149. Gio. Battista Nani and Michiel Morosini, Venetian
Ambassadors in France, to the Doge and Senate.
The Prince of Wales has arrived in Paris to take leave of their
Majesties and go on straight to England, because the county of
Kent having risen opens the way, as your Excellencies will see
from the attached sheet.
Paris, the 23rd June, 1648.
150. Advices from London, the 11th June, 1648.
The Scots are not hastening to arm as was supposed, because
the preachers are doing their utmost to prevent this war, holding
forth from their pulpits and influencing whole towns from
The men of Kent are gathered in large masses, and armed, and
are fortifying themselves in Rochester, some of the parliament
ships having declared for the royalists. Fairfax has arrived with
troops to try and scatter them, but he did not succeed and was
repulsed with some loss. Dover castle, besieged by the royalists
has been relieved and they were forced to retire.
The city of London has refused to lend 300,000l. sterling for
which the Lower House asked, and the people do not seem hostile
to the royal name. Unable to resist the flood parliament has
decided to consider a conference which the king will attend in
person, to discuss terms of peace, but laying down some fundamental
points, i.e. that parliament keeps control of the militia,
that the king revokes all declarations against it, and that Presbyterianism
shall be the established religion.
The king had secretly left the place where he was kept prisoner,
but being discovered by a sentinel, he had to go back to the
151. To the Ambassador in France.
The Senate is waiting for news about the levy from England.
Ayes, 114. Noes, 0. Neutral, 0.
152. Michiel Morosini and Giovanni Battista Nani,
Venetian Ambassadors in France, to the Doge and Senate.
The Marquis of Ormont has sent a gentleman to me to offer
a regiment of 4,000 Irish. He begged me, above everything else,
for the most precise and complete secrecy until an agreement was
fully concluded, as this was demanded by the nature of his particular
interests. After a long rigmarole of phrases I found that he
would accept the same terms as the Sieur de la Valette. He may
call on me personally one day. He is obliged to go with the Prince
of Wales to Scotland, but he will leave some one here to treat
for him. As a matter of fact there are no drawbacks in his case.
He can carry out this levy with the greatest ease owing to the
numerous following which he has in Ireland and because of the
nature of his rank and position there, so that without the necessity
of asking permission of any one he can, at his pleasure, send any
number of his own vassals to fill up the levy.
Enclose sheet of the events in England for this week.
Paris, the 30th June, 1648.
153. Advices from England.
A courier sent express by the Duke of York, now in Holland,
brings letters to the queen of England with news that eight ships
of war of the parliament, well armed, have come over to him to
share the fortunes of the royal party. (fn. 3) At this good news the
Prince of Wales decided not to wait any longer, so he will doubtless
set out for Calais on Thursday to embark on these ships and sail
to Scotland with greater security, there being more than 20,000
men armed there for the king, and 10,000 more are said to be
ready with arms in Yorkshire.
In Cheshire a great number of the people have risen, being
overburdened by the constant impositions of parliament, but many
of them being cut to pieces by Gen. Fairfax, the others have
returned to their obedience.
Colonel Rainsborough, the Vice Admiral, has gone to the
North to take possession of ships there and to prevent them from
declaring for that party, already powerful, where Sir — Langdale
and Sir — Musgrove were ready to march with a considerable army
corps. It is established that the royalists have surprised Pontefract
castle, taking 10 pieces of artillery, 80 barrels of powder and
other provisions of war in no small quantity. (fn. 4)
The seven members of the House of Commons, who had been
a long time prisoners in the Tower, with four other leading
ministers, have been released by parliament and cleared of the
charges against them. (fn. 5)