Venice
September 1648

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allen B. Hinds (editor)

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1927

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72-75

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'Venice: September 1648', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 28: 1647-1652 (1927), pp. 72-75. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=89672 Date accessed: 25 July 2014.


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September 1648

Sept. 1.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Francia. Venetian Archives.
176. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
Encloses the usual sheet of England.
Paris, the 1st September, 1648.
[Italian.]
Enclosure. 177. Advices from London, [the 23rd August], 1648.
The two Houses being at last agreed that the personal negotiations shall take place in the Isle of Wight, in a place named by his Majesty, the Lords have deputed the Earl of Middlesex and the Commons Sir John Hipseley and Mr. di Buellei (fn. 1) to take the news to the king. Meanwhile the Prince of Wales after staying some time off Jarmuth, where the magistrate refused him entry but sent out refreshments, has retired to the Downs with three ships of war, having sent the rest to the coast off Le, at the mouth of the Thames, where the parliamentary Admiral the earl of Warwick is with some ships and frigates. But although he has received orders from the Houses to fight the prince he has not yet dared to do so, as he is not strong enough.
The Duke of York has returned to Holland to raise levies. The Prince of Wales has written to the Council of the city declaring that he has always thought well of the city of London ; that the Scots have entered the country to set the king, his father, at liberty, as he was resolved to do, hoping that all good men would unite with him to obtain a personal treaty with his Majesty. He had seized some ships belonging to the city, but had not touched any of the goods in them. If the city would furnish him with 2,000,000l. sterling he would promise to restore the ships in addition to repaying that sum.
[Italian.]
Sept. 4.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Munster. Venetian Archives.
178. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador to the Congress of Munster, to the Doge and Senate.
The Prince of Wales has returned to Holland, the enterprise of his ships at the mouth of the Thames having met with scant success. When he tried to capture some small vessels there his men had the worst of it. However some of them still remain at their post ; but the prince wants to cross with Dutch ships to Scotland in order to join the Scottish army which has already marched into England again and sends him invitation and encouragement.
Munster, the 4th September, 1648.
[Italian.]
Sept. 4.
Senato, Secreta. Deliberazioni. Corti. Venetian Archives.
179. To the Ambassador Morosini.
You will hasten the despatch of the English ships with the soldiers of Valette and will try to get the largest number possible.
Ayes, 109. Noes, 1. Neutral, 1.
[Italian.]
Sept. 8.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Francia. Venetian Archives.
180. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
After much labour I have persuaded the marquis de l'Hopital to raise a levy of 2,000 Irish. He has obtained permission for it from the council of Ireland.
Paris, the 8th September, 1648.
[Italian.]
181. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
Letters have just reached me from Castelli at Bristol that a ship has left for Corfu with 250 soldiers on account of M. della Valetta. As there is no hope that he can by any effort obtain any more men to put on board the two ships he led me to expect, I have ordered Castelli to return, as to stay longer will only add to the expense.
Paris, the 8th September, 1648.
[Italian.]
Sept. 8.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Prov. Gen. da Mar. Venetian Archives.
182. Antonio Bernado, Venetian Proveditore General da Mar, to the Doge and Senate.
The captain of the ship Alloro asked permission to enter the Castelli. He was told that he might do so if he would send in a white flag to the battery to treat and arrange that the ships inside the Castelli should come out. He did so but received no reply from the Turks and there is no sign of their allowing the ships to come out. Accordingly the captain decided to return to Smyrna, for which I gave permission, though he has not yet gone.
It is desirable to handle this business of the English and Flemish ships with the utmost tact and good humour, in order to avoid giving offence to the two nations which constitute our force (nelle quale consistono le nostre forze). But so far as things have gone at present the Turks have allowed two ships to come out while I have only permitted one to go in.
The galeasse, off the Dardanelles, the 8th September, 1648.
[Italian.]
Sept. 15.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Francia. Venetian Archives.
183. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
Encloses the usual sheet of England.
Paris, the 15th September, 1648.
[Italian.]
Enclosure. 184. Advices from London, the 1st September, 1648.
While all circumstances combined to indicate that fortune was changing with considerable advantage to the king's party, an event has happened which shows clearly that it has not deviated a step from its ordinary path. The Scots entering with over 25,000 combatants to set up the royalist party have suffered a mishap which has destroyed all hope at one blow, since this army has been defeated by 8,000 effectives of the parliamentary party, over 3,000 slain with 8 to 9,000 prisoners, confirming the nature of the victory and increasing the hopes of parliament. (fn. 2) The blame is laid entirely on the Duke of Hamilton, who forgetful of his duty and his blood, secured his own person by flight, with 3,000 horse, it is believed by arrangement, leaving the booty to the enemy almost without a struggle. The parliamentarians rejoice over this victory, as Colchester is beginning to parley and the Admiral is preparing to fight the fleet of the Prince of Wales.
[Italian.]
Sept. 22.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Munster. Venetian Archives.
185. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador to the Congress of Munster, to Michiel Morosini, his colleague in France.
The Prince of Wales is staying at the Hague in the house of the Prince of Orange, but defrayed by the States for ten days. He will not find it easy to return to the sea because the parliamentary fleet under the command of the earl of Warwick is on the look out for him and is the stronger, while all are discouraged since the recent rout of the Scots.
Munster, the 22nd September, 1648.
[Italian ; copy.]
Sept. 25.
Senato, Secreta. Deliberazioni. Corti. Venetian Archives.
186. To the Ambassador Morosini.
To thank Salvetti for his good offices. It is enough to have impressed the interested parties of the Levant Company with the mischief that would be done if their ships served the Turks and of our willingness to permit these same ships to come out from the Castelli of Constantinople, because if anything else should happen they will give him the information.
Ayes, 100. Noes, 2. Neutral, 0.
[Italian.]
Sept. 25.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Munster. Venetian Archives.
187. Alvise Contarini, Venetian Ambassador to the Congress at Munster, to the Doge and Senate.
Since the defeat suffered by the Scots the Prince of Wales does not know what to do. He has made application for some hundreds of florins a day from the States to pay the expenses of his followers, who are staying at the Hague ; but the States have not yet made up their minds whether they will gratify him, as they are afraid his stay may be too lengthy and also of arousing the suspicions of parliament.
Munster, the 25th September, 1648.
[Italian.]
Sept. 29.
Senato, Secreta. Dispacci, Francia. Venetian Archives.
188. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
Encloses sheet of events of London.
Paris, the 29th September, 1648.
[Italian.]
Enclosure. 189. Advices from London, [the 17th September], 1648.
On the 10th inst. the parliamentarians appointed five leading gentlemen and the two Houses as many to treat with the king about peace. They have voted 10,000l., part to be expended on his Majesty's personal service and part for the entertainment of the deputies, who were to set out so soon as the money was ready. They are instructed to begin with the revocation of all declarations made against parliament and then to discuss religion, the militia, Ireland and the other points.
We hear that the Prince of Wales sent word to the Earl of Warwick to humble himself and retire, in which case he would place himself in a position to obtain the King's pardon for all his misdeeds. The Earl replied that he could not do this without orders from parliament, which gave him his command, and the prince himself had to retire to Holland to avoid an encounter with the ships which the Admiral was sending against him. Colonel Rich has taken at discretion Sandune castle for the parliament (fn. 3) while Lord Biron having taken Carnarvon castle for the king is courageously holding his own with a considerable force in the field.
[Italian.]

Footnotes

1 Mr. Bulkley. They saw the king on Monday the 7/17 August. Rushworth : Hist. Colls., Pt. IV, Vol. ii., page 1223.
2 The battle of Preston on the 17/27 August.
3 Sandown castle surrendered on the 5/15 September.