530. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
The king of England entered Paris on Wednesday evening,
being met by the Duke of Orleans, the queen his mother, the Duke
of York and many grandees of the Court as well. His suite
consisted of a gentleman and a lackey. His dress was more
calculated to move laughter than respect, and his aspect is so
changed that those who were nearest believed him to be one
of the lower servants. He relates that after the battle, he escaped
with a gentleman and a soldier, who had spent most of his days in
highway robbery and had a great experience of hidden paths.
Thus accompanied the king travelled by night, always on foot,
as far as the remote parts of Scotland, but finding no means for
embarking or place of safety, he had himself shaven, as a more
complete disguise, and decided to return to England. There
by ill fortune he was recognised by a miller, who began to shout to
raise the country. Though destitute of the royal trappings, he
did not lack prudence and courage to extricate himself from such
a perilous adventure, as he hurried into a neighbouring wood,
where he hid among the branches of a tree. In spite of the number
and energy of the countrymen they never thought of raising their
eyes, although the wood was full of men looking for him. When
night came he took the way to London, where he arrived without
being recognised and remained there in the same disguise. He
was lodged in the house of a woman who got a ship for him, and
to avoid risks in going through the city, he wore her clothes, and
with a bag of washing on his head he got to his ship in safety
and so crossed.
They have not yet given him a pension here, but I do not fancy
there will be delay as he lacks the means to support himself. He
declares that if France does not give him powerful assistance to
make a diversion in England, the English will certainly come to
make war on France, such being the talk among the soldiers and
people too, and if they had peace here I have no doubt they
would go to his assistance, owing to the justice of his cause as
well as to bring down the pride of a nation naturally hostile to
Paris, the 7th November, 1651.
531. Giovanni Giustinian, Venetian Ambassador at Rome,
to the Doge and Senate.
I saw the pope yesterday. He asked me what I know and what
I thought about the league which is being contrived by the
English with the States of Holland, with others, and I think he
meant to say with the Spaniards. Also about the despatch of a
fleet which those two powers are contemplating sending to these
waters and the offices which have been addressed to the Genoese
for an assurance that the States and their ships shall receive
every consideration. He went on to observe that the powers
really ought to regard such a contingency with concern and
lamented that no one gave it any consideration. He dilated
considerably on this subject, perhaps in order to learn from me
your Serenity's views. He asked me afterwards if England had
accommodated the Turks with her own ships. I seized the
opportunity to urge the need for assisting your Excellencies ;
but the pope refused to enter upon this and kept the conversation
fixed to the question of the English and the Dutch.
Rome, the 11th November, 1651.
532. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
Thirty large English ships of war are cruising off the coast of
Normandy, full of troops and with 1,200 horses as well. The
apprehension here is great as from the cavalry they conclude that
a landing is intended, either with the support of partisans in the
country or with the intention of compelling France by arms
promptly to recognise parliament. The people of the coast are
all under arms and keep on the watch to render such an attempt
either difficult or hopeless.
Paris, the 14th November, 1651.
533. To the Ambassador in France.
In the last audience of our ambassador at Rome his Holiness
made some reference to negotiations for a league on naval matters
between the States of Holland and the parliament of England,
with a hint that the Spaniards also might be included in it. We
have not heard of this from anywhere else. We sent it to you in
order that you may keep on the alert on a matter of so much
importance and report to us what you find out on good authority.
Ayes, 126. Noes, 2. Neutral, 2.
534. Thadio Vico, Venetian Resident at Florence, to the
Doge and Senate.
I went yesterday evening to welcome the Grand Duke and the
Princes back from the country. In the course of conversation
the Grand Duke told me of the clever means adopted by the king
of England to escape from Cromwell. In the army, when it was
seen that all was lost, he took counsel with the duke of
Buckingham, who was in the same plight as himself. The duke
decided to disguise himself as a falconer, with the goshawks
on his arm. The other dressed as a groom with dogs for hunting
on a leash. When asked where they were going they said they
were on their way to London to find a Scottish gentleman. This
proved quite successful as far as London. There Buckingham
happened upon a sailor, the friend of a servant of his father.
When asked, this man willingly carried them across to Holland,
and so the duke with the king, who was not recognised by the
sailor, crossed the sea and escaped. We hear by letters of the
26th written from Amsterdam that they stayed in that city for
one day, incogniti, and then went to visit the Princess of
Orange at Tilinghem, a pleasure resort a short distance away,
given to the Princess by the States for her disport.
Florence, the 19th November, 1651.
535. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
Salvetti assures me of the constancy of the Levant Company.
I enclose a copy of his letter, and without instructions I will not
urge him more, as his zeal and vigilance merit praise rather than
Advices from London attached.
Paris, the 21st November, 1651.
536. A. Salvetti to the Ambassador Michiel Morosini.
I should have informed you at once if I had suspected any change
in the affair of the Levant Company and should also have tried
to prevent it, but I have always found its principals very steadfast
in their desire to maintain good relations with the republic, and
I do not think there is any reason to mistrust them. But I will
from time to time intimate to them the discredit that would
attach to them as Christians should they help the enemy of the
faith, and the credit to them if they abstain. I hope that all
will pass according to agreement, and in any case you may be
sure that my offices will always be used to serve the republic.
London, the 9th November, 1651.
537. Advices from London, the 5th November, 1651.
Nothing has yet been decided by the House of Commons about
the reform of parliament and calling a new one, but they are to
meet again about it this week. At the same time there will be
public rejoicings for the victory over the Scots. At the same
time Col. Robert Duchenfield, governor of Chester, set out
with 3,000 foot, 2,000 horse and 40 ships for the Isle of Man, but
with the wind contrary he had to return to Bomaris. 70 ships
under Gen. Bache have invested Gerzei and occupied a good part
Colonel Venables has been obliged to raise the siege of Ballinecargi,
a very important place in county Cavan, the garrison
being over 4,000 strong, with 300 foot and 700 horse two miles
Col. Fenuich, governor of Leith, has forbidden his men to marry
Scottish women without his special permission, and has also
prohibited his ministers from marrying them. Col. Fairfax has
arrived at Newcastle with 6 companies of foot, having sent four
others to Hull. The Scots in the north, under Sir George Monroe
and the Marquis of Huntley, some 1,800 strong, advanced to
Chsintor, but the governor hearing of this sent a part of his
garrison to meet them, and made them retire towards Castle.
The county of Sutherland has supplied 300 foot and 100 dragoons
to Major Gen. George Monroe, and meantime the Marquis of
Argyle is fortifying the island of Mula and his other castles.
538. Michiel Morosini, Venetian Ambassador in France,
to the Doge and Senate.
I will not fail to send constant reports of the news of England,
precisely as instructed.
Advices of London enclosed.
Paris, the 28th November, 1651.
539. Advices from London, of the 11th November, 1651.
The fleet of 80 ships for Gersei left Weymouth but did not
arrive till the 30th ult. owing to contrary winds. Our men were
put in flat bottomed boats to land, but the tides being contrary
they had to put into the bay of Suenton. Gen. Black and his
officers approached the shore and these men threw themselves
in to swim, and passing through gun and musket fire they were
held up by a body of horse. After an hour's battle the enemy
fled, leaving 12 guns in our hands. We thus entered the heart of
the island, where we stopped until 5 in the morning of the 3rd
inst. and meeting with no opposition from the enemy, captured
two forts and some others which were all furnished with guns.
On the 2nd inst. the company of Capt. Anderson, of Fenwick's
regiment entered Leith, and the 100 men of Cobet's regiment
embarked there for Dundee, where the rest of the regiment is.
That same day the vice governor of Leith demanded the surrender
of the governor of Bass Island with all its guns and munitions.
As he refused the vice governor sent commissioner Desburgh
with a party of horse to seize the governor's wife, two brothers
and father who were all sent by ship to England.
The Marquis of Argyle, being at this time in his castle of
Anderanan, 16 miles from Dumbarton, seeing that the inhabitants
refused to take up arms, informed Gen. Monk, to prevent any
disorder and bloodshed if possible. Monk replied that he could
not decide upon any treaty without orders from parliament, for
which he had asked.
The governor of Dumbarton (fn. 1) with his garrison is greatly harassing
the inhabitants of the neighbouring parts, who obey parliament.
The assembly of ministers at Edinburgh has terminated, and
has issued a declaration completely disapproving of its former