Baas, Baz, Paul, baron de :
secret mission, takes letter and presents to Cromwell, 171
-, has audience, well received, 175, 183
-, leaves after three audiences, takes back reply, 183.
Cromwell informs that knows of Mazarin's intrigues with Dutch, 183.
back again in England, 192
-, reappears as commissioner, 193.
full power to negotiate for security of trade, 193
-, defers negotiations until announcement of peace, 204.
reports victory of Scottish rebels, 211n
-, gives hopes that England will not attack, 213.
implicated in conspiracy, dismissed, 231
-, disclosed conspiracy to Cromwell when knew it was found out, 232
-, curiosity to know how dismissal taken, 235.
Badiley, Badily, Bobler, Bodiley, Richard, commanding squadron in Mediterranean :
comes to Leghorn and well received, 4
-, behaviour condemned, 7
-, will not consider surrender of Phoenix, 28.
sends Poole to Venice about ships, 7
-, strength of squadron, 22.
to be told of Venetian action about William, 19
-, Venice drops subject because of obstinacy, 36.
withdraws ships from Naples to Porto Longone, 22
-, action at Leghorn battle, 44-6.
Grand Duke annoyed by obstinacy, 36
-, sails away after Appleton's defeat, 41
-, sighted near Elba, expected movements, 44
-, reported gone towards Sicily, 59.
Vangalen's desire to pursue squadron, 50
-, parliament displeased with for running away, 70.
gallant action in Strait on return, 75
-, fleet strengthened by arrival, 79.
report of makes government think of Mediterranean, 112
-, to command squadron in Mediterranean, 231.
interested in ship taken by Barbary pirates, 231.
Badoer, Piero, Savio alla Mercanzia, 218.
Bagni, Niccolo, papal nuncio in France, asks why Sagredo does not visit Charles, 46.
bailo. See under ambassadors.
-, English capture ships from for Flanders, 96
-, England and Sweden could ruin Dutch trade in, 123.
Barbadoes, West Indies, English fleet to touch at, 270.
Barbary, N. Africa, Algerian corsairs driven ashore at, 149
-, Blake going to, 280
-, to seek revenge for ships taken by corsairs of, 287.
- ships of. See under ships.
- See also Algiers
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, plot of Irish to betray to French, 113.
Barletta [Prov. Bari, Italy], Sant Andrea reaches Leghorn from, 26.
Barriere, seigneur de. See Taillefer, Henri de.
Bath, co. Somerset, Sehested has pass to, 281n.
Batteville or Vatteville, Charles baron de, Conti appeals to, for Bordeaux, 84.
-, sea fights. See Arras
Bayonne [Basses Pyrénées, France], Irish levies carried off by French ships to, 57.
Baz. See Baas.
beeswax, cargo of from Guinea, 252n.
Bellegarde [Pyrenees Orientales, France], news of fall of, 84.
Belleisle [Morbihan, France], reported revolt, to Spain, 267.
Bendish, Sir Thomas, English ambassador to the Porte :
said to have compelled English captains to serve Turks, 10
-, to be stopped, 28.
intention to recall, 10, 116
-, government not pleased with, 55.
Radziciowski wishes to confer with, 103
-, he wants negotiations backed by, 107
-, he is promised letters to, 116.
recall discussed in parliament, 123
-, parliament decides to supersede, 125
-, Lawrence to have dismissed, 137.
-, Col. John, lieutenant of the Tower, Cromwell removes, 67
-, presents prisoners for conspiracy to High Court of Justice, 236.
Bernardi, Filippo, an Englishman, 181.
-, Francesco, Genoese minister in England, succeeds in getting audience, for congratulations, 180-1
-, tries to get special advantage for reception of ambassador, 284.
-, Guillaume, Marquis of Lede, governor of Dunkirk, rumour of mission to England, 242
-, reported appointment, 253.
Beuningen, Conrad van, Dutch ambassador in Sweden, queen refuses audience to, 154.
Beverningh, Bevering, van Beverin, Beverninghen, Jerome, deputy of Holland :
proposed as ambassador to Hanse, 8n.
Dutch commissioner to England, arrival delays reply to Paulucci, 92
-, reaches London, 93
-, expected recall, 118
-, staying on, 137.
returns from Hague, revives hopes of peace, 181
-, cannot act without colleagues, seems only device to gain time, 182
-, remains alone, 185
-, joined by colleagues, 189.
empowered to ratify articles proposed by England, 186
-, has full powers to sign and seal, 189.
Cromwell offers support against other Provinces, 217
-, secret articles arranged by separately with Cromwell, 235, 258.
States recall, 245
-, Holland orders to stay, 246
-, takes leave, 290.
courted in England, 253, 272
-, negotiations condemned, 256
-, asks Cromwell for force to defend Holland, 290.
Jongstal on bad terms with, 272.
billeting, in suburbs of London, 112.
Biscay. See Vizcaya.
biscuit, English ships not allowed to provide, 7
-, English ships take to Zante, 14, 217.
Blake, Blach, Robert, English general at sea, 53.
efforts to get to sea, 2
-, appointed general of fleet, 16n, 158.
reported defeat by Tromp, 7, 15
-, engages Tromp off Portland, 34
-, Tromp forced to fight, 37.
punishes mutinous sailors, 12
-, has mutineer executed, 25.
wounded in battle, 34
-, losses on ship, 35
-, recovered, 79
-, indisposed, 100.
declined Tromp's challenge to renew fight, 37-8
-, may have supreme command again, 79
-, takes command, sails towards Netherlands, 85
-, came up to decide Gabbard battle, 91.
chosen for new representative, 90
-, comes to London to advise Council, 143.
disabled by wounds, 110
-, parliament thanks for services, 139.
to fit out squadron and sail, 172
-, using all possible despatch, 180.
appointed to superintend ships which are to join fleet, 175.
command of Mediterranean fleet given to, 206
-, Badiley spoken of instead, 231
-, Paulucci tries to get orders for, favouring Venice, 247
-, leaves for his command, 257.
sails, takes letters to princes of Italy, to get satisfaction from Tunis, 255.
Grand Duke has news of, 268
-, reports voyage to Strait, 270
-, at Cadiz, well received, 280.
delayed by contrary winds, 271
-, satisfaction at advance to Mediterranean, talk of reinforcing, 279
-, expected arrival in Mediterranean, 280
-, reports passing Strait, 281
-, Dutch report meeting in Strait, 285
-, may put in at Valencia for guns, id.
to fight French fleet when meets it, 284
-, Neusseses turns back on hearing of, 285.
expected at Leghorn, 285, 291
-, may be at Majorca, 288.
unlikely to meet with much resistance in Guienne, 286.
reports good treatment by Spaniards, 292
-, Viceroy of Naples speaks highly of, 293.
Blarru, Jean, delegate of Bordeaux to England, 73n.
Bobler, Bodiley. See Badiley.
-, Buonaventura, English warship, at Zante, 27
-, blown up at beginning of battle off Leghorn, 40-1, 45
-, Badiley discouraged by loss of, 46.
-, Peter, brings reply of States to parliament, 69n
-, delivers States' letter to Cromwell and Council, 73
-, returned to Holland, 75.
Bonnell, Benjamin, Swedish resident in England :
-, presents credentials, 36
-, public entry, honour shown, 136.
pressing for restitution of ships, 49, 107
-, receives satisfaction about, 55.
promoting good understanding with England, 49
-, kept waiting for reply, 137
-, remains for performance of certain promises, 144.
leaves England, 150.
books. See Charge of High Treason.
Bordeaux [Gironde, France] :
move to establish friendly relations with Commonwealth and get help against royal forces, 73.
reports of siege, 80
-, dismayed by fall of Bellegarde, appeal to Condé, 84.
England not likely to do much for, 82, 84
-, if English assist, Mazarin may consider Dutch alliance, 98.
relies exclusively on Spain, 84
-, assistance readily granted to, 109.
anxiety in England about, 107
-, news of approaching surrender, 109
-, surrender confirmed, 112.
Mazarin treated with Dutch only to prevent English interfering with, 113
-, secret understanding of England with, 286.
probability of English attack near, 286.
delegates from :
expected to establish friendship with Commonwealth, 73
-, arrive, more secret and important aims, 75
-, confer with Barriere, 76.
expected to present themselves to Council, 76, 79
-, Bordeaux asks Council not to listen to, 82.
have secret conferences with Cromwell, 80
-, Mazarin uneasy about, 95.
audience of Council, spoken fair, 82
-, make no progress but receive friendly assurances, 86, 91
-, demands readily conceded, 109.
encouraged by hope of peace with Holland, 94
-, ships purchased by, to take succour, 107.
- See also Blarru, Jean
-, Dezert, Francois
-, Queux, Réné de, sieur des Trancars.
-, Neufville, Antoine de, French ambassador in England, 208.
has audience, statement to be repeated to parliament, 3
-, reply given to, 9
-, has frequent audience of Council, 16
-, ostensibly for ships, but really for friendly understanding, 17.
suspicions of, 9, 52, 63
-, reported credentials as ambassador, 21
-, may go home for fuller powers, 35
-, makes little progress, 43.
efforts directed to make peace and re-establish trade, 16, 35
-, assurances to, 17
-, text of statement to parliament, 18
-, text of reply to, 19.
may be working for reconciliation with Dutch, 21.
insists on surrender of ships taken off Dunkirk, 43
-, gets reply about ships and trade, 49
-, has full powers from king, 55
-, frequent audiences, 63.
Paulucci calls on, 56
-, Paulucci exchanges courtesies with, 201.
to mitigate ill will and at least secure neutrality, 59
-, mission a matter of political expediency, 159-60.
influence of presence in dealing with Bordeaux delegates, 73
-, instructed to thwart them, 80
-, asks Council not to listen to them, 82.
would not be permitted to stay but for satisfactory credentials, 92.
Conde's agent goes to by mistake and reveals secrets, 94
-, calls Cromwell cleverest man of century', 167.
negotiations have done nothing to promote good relations, 112
-, kept waiting for reply, 137
-, growing opinion of insincerity, 138.
makes light of St. Paul's riot, 142n
-, reports peace as probable and rupture as imminent, 166-7.
delays paying respects, because of ceremonial, 173
-, decides to do so unofficially, 175.
Council says has other objects than those stated, 183
-, Mazarin decides to give credentials as ambassador, 187
-, Baas to work with for cessation of reprisals and friendly intercourse, 192.
appointed ambassador with full powers as plenipotentiary, 193
-, only presents credentials, watch for further proceedings, 195
-, government gratified by appointment, 200.
tries for audience, put off, 198
-, state reception, 199
-, audience at Whitehall, 199-200.
informs colleagues of appointment as ambassador, 201
-, reception of dissipates French apprehensions, 204.
commissioners appointed to discuss adjustment with, 203
-, defers negotiations until announcement of peace, 204.
makes no change in establishment, causes distrust, 204
-, in no hurry to offer congratulations on Dutch peace, 210.
appointment showed desire for adjustment, 207
-, hopes there will be no landings in France, 213
-, closely watched, 231.
informed of raid on Cancale, 215n
-, complains of raid, apologies to, 220.
negotiates with commissioners, 220, 252, 276
-, negotiations gather strength, 239
-, but of little use, 242
-, negotiations at a stand, 286.
passage of arms with Cromwell, 231
-, Cromwell suspects offers to be mere trickery of Mazarin, 242.
to make most of dismissal of Charles, 235
-, to flatter Cromwell and stir against Spaniards, 270
-, urging attack on Indies, 282.
confers with Cromwell after victory at Arras, 256
-, frequent conferences with commissioners, 261
-, waits to see government established before completing treaty, 267.
Scottish levies offered to, 263.
rivalry with Cardenas, 275
-, prolonged audience with confirms belief in rupture, 286
-, no favourable results from repeated audiences, 289
-, proposals supposed to be holding back fleet, 290.
-, -, a Secretary of, 85.
Boreel, William, Dutch ambassador in France :
remonstrance with on Zante affair, 20, 47
-, apologises for, 50.
talks of alliance with Denmark, 26
-, says Dutch determined to go on with war, 27
-, Sagredo gets account of Portland battle from, 38
-, claims as victory, informs king and queen, 50.
manner to answer about mediation, 47-8
-, Sagredo sounds about, 61.
enquires about Paulucci, 50
-, keenly in favour of war, 62.
suspected of trying to bring in France, 52
-, discusses alliance with Mazarin, 83
-, ordered to hold up negotiations for, 89.
opinion about peace overtures, 61-2
-, Sagredo speaks to about preventing Dutch and English serving Venice from fighting, 76
-, reply, 77.
informs Mazarin of Gabbard battle, admits defeat, 91
-, to try and stop move of troops against France, 95.
pressing for alliance with France, 97
-, negotiations continued, 113, 128, 131.
account of Texel battle, claims as victory, 117
-, in bed with gout, 120.
French mission to Holland to gain points which will not concede, 131
-, Sagredo to approach about helping Venice, after peace, 211
-, informs Sagredo of peace with England, 218
-, speaks roundly to king about French piracy, 227.
-, -, son of, more candid than father, picture of condition of States, 120.
-, Giovanni, Venetian merchant, complains of seizure of Guardian Angel, 190
-, efforts of Paulucci for, 199.
Bourbon, Armand de, Prince de Conti, appeals to Conde and Batteville for Bordeaux, 84.
Bourbon Condé, Louis II de, Prince of Condé :
cause never taken seriously in England, 52
-, mistrust of Mazarin may make English favour, 82
-, commonwealth favour rather than Court party, 109.
Prince of Conti sends to about plight of Bordeaux, 84
-, money on St. Anna intended for, 146.
German colonel from, lets out secrets to Bordeaux, 94
-, English cultivate relations with, 130
-, levies granted to, 152, 204
-, cost of levies for, 198.
Marsin may go to Flanders to see, 159
-, Spaniards subsidise, 176.
Baas sent to thwart negotiations, 171
-, agents urge Cromwell to help, 176
-, Barriere goes to Flanders on business of, 192
-, money due to, from Spain, 258.
assures Archduke of devotion, and tells him of Cromwell's promised aid, 192
-, Cromwell may use party of, to intervene in France, 205.
English troops for landed in Flanders, 208
-, sudden departure for Flanders, 286.
-, Burgh [Gironde, France], Irish for, intercepted by French, 57
-, capture reported, 97
-, Irish from, in Guienne, 113.
Bracamonte, Gaspard de, conde de Peñaranda, Pignoranda, said to be appointed ambassador extraordinary to Cromwell, 253.
Brachey, lord of. See Grand, Ludovic de.
-, Richard, English resident at Hamburg, mission to Denmark, uproar against, 21
-, king promised every satisfaction to, 22
-, dismissed, back in Hamburg, 43.
Braganza, duke of. See John IV. king of Portugal.
Brandenburg, elector of. See Frederick William.
-, S. America, Spaniards propose to join with English in conquering, 216
-, evacuated by Dutch, 224.
-, general of. See Nassau, Count John Maurice of.
Brederode, Tromp's flagship, injuries in Texel battle, 110.
Bremen, duchy of, German Empire, defensive alliance against England, 31.
Brest [Finistère, France], privateers from take English ships from Canaries, 292.
Brielle, Brill [Prov. S. Holland, Netherlands], cautionary town, held by Elizabeth, 102.
Brienne, comte de. See Lomenie, Henri Auguste de.
Bristol, co. Gloucester, ships with goods from taken by Dutch, 166.
-, France, reports of English landing in, 175
-, English engage and capture ships of, 207.
-, Lower, report of landing in, 217, 220
-, Bordeaux complained about, Cromwell apologises, 220
-, English may avenge disaster in, 228.
Browne, Sir Richard, ambassador for Charles at Paris, mentions Morrel's presence in Paris, 98n.
-, Brun, Le Brune, Antonio, Spanish ambassador in the Netherlands, constant conferences with States, 23
-, tries to divert Dutch from negotiations with French, 23
-, asked to confine Catholic rite to own household, 129
-, death, 176.
Brunswick Wolffenbuttel, duke of. See Augustus.
-, [Prov. Brabant, Belgium], Cusack arrested on way to, 66
-, Barriere goes to, 73.
Buckingham, duke of. See Villiers, George, first and second duke.
Buonaventura. See Bonaventura.
Burgh. See Bourg.
Burlan, Nadalin, prisoner handed over by Middleton, 3.
Butler, James, marquis of Ormonde, Charles sends to queen to prevent Gloucester being brought up a Catholic, 283.