Index
C

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allen B. Hinds (editor)

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1929

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306-323

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'Index: C', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 29: 1653-1654 (1929), pp. 306-323. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=89778 Date accessed: 01 September 2014.


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C

Cadiz, Spain :

English capture Dutch ships at, 1
-, Hamburg ship from seized, 39.

English ships seize cloth off, 62
-, fleet seizes ships returning from, 79.

Dutch capture ships from, 96
-, traders of hit by capture of St. Malo ships, 222.

English consul announces coming of fleet to, 230
-, not yet come, 233
-, English ship brings word of fleet to, 256
-, Blake at, well received, 280.

warning sent from, to San Domingo, 266.

-, English consul at. See Wilson, James.

-, governor of. See Cerda, Antonio de, duke of Medina Celi.

Caesar
-, duke of Vendome, natural son of Henri IV, Admiral of France, enters Garonne with fleet, catches Irish levies at sea, 34
-, Bordeaux seeking help against fleet of, 76.

Calais [Pas de Calais, France] :

Tromp offers to renew battle off, 37.

ship of, captures English merchantman with goods from Italy, 43.

alarm at appearance of English fleet before, 62
-, report of English crisis at, 70.

regiments for Italy countermanded to, 206
-, to be attacked by Spaniards and English fleet, 233.

bad weather interrupts service with England, 271.

Calvinist ministers, army demands aimed at, 289.

Cambridge, co. Cambridge, University, nominated parliament bent on abolishing, 160.

Campion, Henry, English consul (factor) at Zante, promises not to molest French ships, 27.

Canada
-, North America, English land troops and expel French from, 274, 287
-, English seize approach to, 276
-, seizure great blow to Parisians, 282.

Canaries, Islands, English ships from for London captured, 292.

Cancale
-, Cancalo [Ille et Vilaine, France], English raid on, repulsed, 215, 217, 220
-, Bordeaux complained of, Cromwell apologises, 220.

Candia, war of :

council takes lively interest in, 10
-, might induce Venice to mediate between English and Dutch, 33.

immunity asked for foreign ships serving in, 66, 71.

Philip wants peace to help Venice in, 83
-, Radziciowski means to make diversion for, 103, 107.

reflects great glory on Venice, 85
-, Marvel at Candia during, 163
-, efforts to get Cromwell's help for, 177, 226, 237, 243
-, advantage of English friendship of continues, 271.

- See Crete.

Cap Breton, Cape Breton [Landes, France], Irish troops landed at, 80.

Capello
-, Giovanni, Venetian ambassador extraordinary to Constantinople, Bailo, to find out truth about English ships serving Turks, 10
-, Radziciowski wishes to confer with, 103
-, and to have good relations with, 104.

capital punishment, abolished except for murderers, 67.

Cardenas, Cardinas, Cardines, Don Alonso de, Spanish ambassador in England, the Catholic ambassador :

parliament ignores remonstrances about plate, 6
-, embittered about, 10
-, Badiley anxious because of treatment of, 22.

celebrates victories in last campaign, 9-10.

resents interference with services, but submits, 21
-, presses for decision about plate, 33
-, demands justice, threatens reprisals, 52.

rewarded for getting help of English fleet for Flanders, 33.

having frequent audience, 35
-, secret committee appointed for, 36
-, aims at establishing friendship between Commonwealth and Spain, 43
-, negotiating for alliance, 49.

Paulucci calls on, 56, 83
-, has leave to return, 70.

complains to Cromwell about plate, 72
-, attaches property in dispute in Admiralty Court, as belonging to king, 76.

likely to be first to appear before new Council, 72
-, ready to ratify alliance with Commonwealth, 79
-, English flatter, 130.

merchants complain of, for concessions about plate, 94
-, renews suit about, 131.

helped to hire ships to take succour to Bordeaux, 107
-, Barriere remonstrates with for laxity over, 109
-, asks leave to transport levy of Irish, 131n.

assurances of good will, 130
-, cannot get reply from Council, 137.

demands release of money on St. Anna, 146
-, has same answer as before, 148
-, gets her released, 156.

claims king's wool as matter of state, 148.

receives Marsin with great honour, 159
-, informs Cromwell of Spark's execution, 190.

shows Cromwell Mazarin's letter to Fuendalsagna, 167
-, goes to tell Cromwell of French designs on Artois, 178.

offers Cromwell congratulations on elevation, 168, 173
-, expecting king's letters of congratulations to present, 192.

Barriêre confers with, arrangement for levy, 198.

frequent audiences to thwart adjustment with France, 203
-, Cromwell keeps giving audience to, 204
-, always asserts desire for harmonious relations, 236.

in no hurry to offer congratulations about peace, 210
-, money sent to, on news of peace, 213
-, more to come, 214.

offers Cromwell a million crowns a year to break with France, 216
-, scheme for English fleet, 230
-, said to have arranged treaty, 232.

speed of communication with, 224
-, French offers to upset proposals of, 233.

Cromwell threatens with letters of marque for Richaut's claims, 236
-, to hold up business with Cromwell, because of plot, 241.

interceded for Sa, 254
-, frees Barriêre from arrest for debt, 258.

Scottish levies offered to, 263
-, reports sailing of English squadron, 265
-, urging Cromwell to order Blake to attack French fleet, 284
-, offers subsidy for fleet, 286.

alarmed about negotiations with France, 275
-, reports that Blake to fight French, 293.

Castelli,? Cape Castello Karpathos, Aegean, account of naval action at, 216.

Castrillo, conde de. See Avellando y Haro, Don Garcia de.

Cat, Captain, commanding White Elephant, takes St. Joris 204n.

Catholic ambassador. See Cardenas, Alonso.

- king. See Philip IV, king of Spain.

Catholicism
-, gaining ground, discussed in parliament, 274
-, Charles fears education of brother in would bar family's restoration, 283.

Catholics, Roman :

desire to rid Ireland of, 119, 147, 198, 250
-, severity shown to, 203.

union of Protestant powers contrasted with disunion among, 218
-, members of Paulucci's household in danger as, 240.

-, English, papists, recusants :

foreign ministers asked to exclude from services, 21
-, penal laws against reissued, 179.

inclination of Charles to join, 28
-, forced to compound for property, 133
-, government renews severity against, 150
-, Council takes up question of, 179.

hope to effect compromise with Protector and Council, 179
-, Cromwell's precaution to exclude, 183
-, may not be returned to parliament, 222, 289.

Paulucci's care to avoid incidents to which exposed, 194
-, inhuman cruelty to, 233.

four implicated in plot against Cromwell, 230
-, redoubles persecution of, 233
-, probability of increased persecution, 274.

cautionary towns
-, demand for, from Dutch, 102, 111
-, English give up demand for, 115.

Cavazza, Count, 104.

caviare
-, lawsuit about, 29
-, Venetian assurances about, 47
-, Council awaiting news of decision, 104
-, Venetian reply about, 154.

Centurioni, Domenico, wool for Spain in name of, 1.

Cephalonia
-, Ionian island, Longland's action injuries currant trade at, 4
-, Merchant Adventurer allowed to trade to, 67
-, French capture English ships from, 151.

Cerda, Antonio de, duke of Medina Celi, governor of Andalusia and general of the Ocean :

asks restitution of goods seized off Cadiz, 62
-, reply to, 62-3.

Wilson informs of coming of English fleet, 230
-, receives Blake courteously at Cadiz, 280.

Ceremonies, Master of the. See Fleming, Sir Oliver.

Cesy, comte de. See Harlay, Philippe de.

chains, gold, voted for officers of fleet, 115.

Chalons sur Marne, Scialon [Marne, France], despatch dated at, 151.

Chambre Mipartie, Mipartite Chamber, set up to settle controversial points between Spain and Holland, 154.

Chanut, Chanu, Scianu, Scianou, Scianut, Pierre, French ambassador to Sweden :

to be sent to Hague to make alliance, 131
-, English will consider a hostile act, 134
-, mission changes tone of commissioners, 149
-, causes Dutch to raise their tone, 158.

informed of English capture of French ships, 154.

to foster confidential relations with Dutch, 154
-, mission may put a stop to peace negotiations, 156, 161
-, Dutch obstinacy attributed to, 172.

reply to Dutch offer of mediation with English, 199.

chaplain, Cromwell's, all candidates referred to, to take oath of Protestantism, 183.

Chaplin, Captain, sent for trial to London, 2.

"Charge of High Treason"
-, stir caused by circulation of, 132
-, several printers imprisoned for, 139
-, riot in St. Paul's, on day mentioned in, 142.

Charles I, king of Great Britain :

sale of property, 2, 25
-, English deserve detestation for killing, 50
-, Cook's part in death of, 74.

friendly relations with Spain, 43
-, parliament more than a match for, 68
-, new high Court similar to that which judged, 118.

Lilburne accused of secret understanding with, 109, 122.

Preston served, 116
-, Bendish accredited to Porte by, 123, 137
-, Joyce one who arrested, 133.

Charles II fears may be sold like, 129
-, Cromwell accused as chief author of death of, 132
-, regret at putting to death to make room for Cromwell, 165.

Muscovite showed ill will to English merchants, on news of death, 148.

Cromwell engages household of, on old terms, 168
-, ghost of seen at Whitehall, 185.

those who speak well of, guilty of high treason, 179
-, pamphlets referring to death, 277.

prodigy of Thames tide just before death of, 185
-, Henry Cromwell devoted to memory of, 275.

Cromwell takes warning by, 212
-, death of an example to Cromwell, 263.

Charles II fears to share fate of, 232
-, line of excluded from parliament, 289.

-, -, secretary of. See Long.

Charles II, king of Great Britain, King of England :

1653 :

Rupert and Maurice fly flag of, 5, 51.

in same residence with mother, Sagredo avoids, 23
-, visiting of left to Sagredo's discretion, 37
-, Sagredo sees, 53.

Wilmot talks of numerous adherents, inclination to become a Catholic, devotion to emperor, 28
-, no move at imperial court to relieve, id.

question of alliance with discussed in Dutch assembly, 41
-, Dutch not inclined for alliance with, 51.

wonders why Sagredo does not visit, 46
-, Sagredo asks instructions upon, 47.

unable through poverty to take advantage of Dutch war, 51
-, advantageous offers to Dutch, 54, 56, 59.

preparing to leave France, 51
-, circumstances call to Holland, 53
-, hope that Pauw's death may make Holland more favourable to, 54
-, peace with Holland would destroy hopes, 59.

France obnoxious to England for giving asylum to, 59, 154
-, possibly concerned in Irish betrayal of Spaniards, 114.

hopes raised by crisis in England, 70
-, proclaimed in Scotland, preachers advocate cause, 125.

defeat will prevent Dutch from taking up cause, 75
-, Dutch offer help to, 128
-, but he mistrusts them, 128-9.

Scots forbidden to pray for, 130
-, rebels in Scotland openly proclaim, 186.

Bordeaux sent to England under nose of, 160
-, Cromwell's interest to prevent France listening to, 176.

1654 :

exclusion of Orange required because of connection with, 173.

reasons for not regretting dissolution of parliament, 176
-, majority of people sigh for return, 185
-, supposed share in plot against Cromwell, 232.

London preachers imprisoned for favouring cause, 187
-, ten persons arrested for drinking health of, 188.

Cromwell says relations with France impossible while she harbours, 187
-, efforts to induce to go to Palatine, 187-8
-, thinks of going to Palatine or Denmark, 232.

intimation that desirable should leave Paris, 190
-, expresses readiness to meet wishes of France, id.
-, preparing to leave, 232.

reported presence in London, search made, 227
-, willing to accept invitation to Scotland, 232
-, conspirators intended to kill Cromwell and proclaim, 236.

will receive small sum for travelling expenses, 232
-, receives 8,000 doubloons, 235.

leaves for Spa, has sympathy of all France, 235
-, London expecting news of departure, 239.

Cromwell's distrust of France not removed by dismissal of, 242
-, suspicion over departure at same time as Queen Christina, 247.

Scots lose hope of help from, 263
-, speech of Shapcote in favour of, 282.

prevents mother having Gloucester brought up as Catholic, 283.

Charles X, King of Sweden :

succeeds Christina, 245n.

Lagerfelt presents credentials from, 245.

Charles III duke of Lorraine :

calls himself protector of Ireland, 66.

has Cusack arrested, 66
-, frigates sent to Dunkirk, to take to Spain, 237
-, talk in London about demanding release, 275.

-, -, secretary of, confers with de Haro, 275.

Charles Louis
-, Elector Palatine of Heidelberg, Wilmot has coaches of, at Ratisbon, 24
-, efforts to induce Charles to go to, 188
-, he thinks of going to, 232.

Christina, queen of Sweden :

mission of Lisle to, 9, 33.

objection to any alliance with Dutch, 23
-, Dutch hope to persuade, 27.

duchy of Bremen pertains to, 31.

may favour England because of dispute with Denmark, 33
-, English desire to propitiate, 36
-, parliament concedes demands, 58
-, claims for release of ships, 107.

offered mediation, Dutch reply to, 62
-, mediation offered to England, 64.

Radziciowski brings recommendations from, 103, 107
-, favoured for sake of, 116, 134.

everything done to preserve friendship of, 116, 122
-, anxious for good understanding with commonwealth, 159.

letters from, to parliament, 144
-, incensed with Dutch for arrest of Groot Johan, 154.

sends to welcome Whitelocke, 175
-, letter of congratulation to Cromwell, 207
-, gave valuable presents to Whitelocke and suite, 237.

incensed at treatment of ships, questions Cromwell's authority, 200.

comment on decision to abdicate, 207
-, succeeded by Charles X, 245n.

supposed connection of departure from Stockholm with that of Charles from Paris, 247.

Civita Vecchia [Prov. Rome, Italy], exposed to supprise, should be guarded, 221.

coal :

price of trebled in London, 55, 60
-, falls to one half with arrival of colliers, 63.

danger from scarcity of, 60
-, importance to London, 63.

Coates, Robert, an informer, sent to Tower and released, 188n.

coinage, new, to be issued with effigy or arms of Cromwell, 257.

Coke. See Cook.

colliers :

Dutch capture, from Scotland, 29
-, blockaded at Newcastle, 55.

take refuge in Scarborough, 60
-, reach Thames safely, 63.

Dutch fleet out to intercept, 143
-, Dutch and French warships capture, 196.

commissioners, Dutch, to England, deputies, later ambassadors :

arrival, present credentials and propose armistice, 93
-, favourable response to, audience of Council, 95
-, express wish for friendship and lasting peace, 99.

Paulucci to pay respects to, 96
-, he does so, 105
-, they return visit, 107.

hostilities may be suspended during stay, 100
-, business takes precedence of all else, 106.

to attend Council for reply, 106
-, committee of three to meet, 108.

suspected of trying to gain time for reconstitution of fleet, 107, 110
-, English ready to counter, 108
-, stunned by defeat at Texel, 110-1.

may return to Holland to report, 108
-, cannot accept terms demanded without reference to principals, 111
-, two return to Hague to report, 115
-, return doubted, others may leave, 118
-, returning with fuller powers, 138
-, expected daily, 143
-, arrive, 144.

proposal to, to unite the two republics, 120
-, reply expected to proposals taken by, 127
-, hopes of adjustment depend upon return, 130.

accused of exceeding their powers, 134
-, treat with committee appointed, resigned to fair terms, 146
-, have sufficient powers for settlement, 147
-, still treating though time expired, 152.

encounter serious obstacles, tone changed since Chanut's mission, 149.

number of articles agreed on with, 152
-, meet constantly, 156
-, public anxiety about consultations, 157.

said to be preparing to depart, 158
-, delay departure, to have audience of Council, 161.

to return to Holland to report state of negotiations, 169
-, see Council again but depart with determination, 172
-, hopes of peace fade with arrival at Hague, 180.

visit Paulucci before going, 172
-, refrain from paying respects to Cromwell because of ceremonial, 173.

Cromwell vexed at departure and sends after, 174
-, have Cromwell's signature to chief articles, 177.

Beverning can do nothing without the others, 182
-, Fleming announces return of the others, 189
-, arrival increases hopes of peace, 191.

said to be accompanied by envoy from Denmark, 191, 205.

received in state, 192-3
-, audience to present credentials, 193
-, many conferences, credentials incomplete, 195
-, Paulucci pays respects to, 201.

fruitless conference with English commissioners, Cromwell presents ultimatum to, 197
-, Cromwell ready to make concession to, 200.

report Middleton's arrival in Scotland, 199n
-, report that plot disclosed by Long, 230n.

write home for instructions about Denmark 201
-, sign articles of peace, 202.

Cromwell entertains, to celebrate peace, 211
-, acceptance of exclusion of Orange causes trouble, 215.

States proposal to recall opposed by Holland, 229, 245-6
-, confer with Cromwell about dissensions of Provinces, 246.

See Beverningh, Conrad van
-, Jongestal, Allart Pieter
-, Nieuport, Willem
-, Perre, Paulus van de.

commissioners for the navy :

charged to supervise provisioning, 2
-, leave to hasten embarcation of men, 5
-, anxiety over nonreturn, 24
-, back and report fleet ready for battle, 29.

money sent after to pay fleet, 8.

commissioners to treat with Bordeaux, appointed, 203
-, negotiations of, 220, 252, 261, 276.

commissioners. See also under ambassadors.

Committee on Scotch and Irish affairs, Berkstead appointed to, 67n.

committees, twelve appointed by nominated parliament, 106.

Commonwealth, republic, the government :

1653 :

measures for security of money lent to, 25
-, requires mediation of greater than the Swiss, 30
-, Swiss did not send envoy to acknowledge, 33
-, suggested peace overtures by, 42.

pleased at Portland victory, 35
-, Dutch commissioners expressed great respect for, 99.

those who opposed excluded from new parliament, 39
-, not pleased with Bendish, 55.

Cardenas aims at establishing friendship with, 43, general satisfaction with, 101.

Gloucester banished to avoid embarrassment to, 43
-, army secures funds belonging to, 67.

Swiss mission to recognise, 58
-, efforts to reconcile factions for good of, 61
-, necessary to dispose of Irish, 85.

declines Swedish offer of mediation, 64
-, move of Bordeaux to establish friendly relations with, and get help, 73.

Cardenas ready to ratify alliance with, 79
-, Sa gives satisfaction to, 101.

Fleming demonstrates solidity of, 92
-, and recognition by Venice, 93
-, bent on friendship with Venice, 98
-, desire for recognition by Venice, 104.

Bordeaux learns secret negotiations of Condé with, 94
-, Dutch war prevents helping Bordeaux, 109.

new parliament swears allegiance to, 100
-, affairs in agitation, not permanent, 126.

Orange object of suspicion to, 102
-, opinion on situation after Texel battle, 111.

Radziciowski enquires for Venetian agent to, 104
-, king of Denmark expresses regard for, 112.

likely to turn forces against all monarchies, hints dropped about, 108.

delay habitual with, 116
-, acts for own advantage, without heeding complaints, 120.

tries to give impression that Texel great victory, 117.

new High Court of Justice to punish offenders against, 118
-, persons sent to Tower for plotting against, 127.

expects to raise 500,000l. by forced loan, 119
-, Cardenas allows plate to be coined for, 131.

proposals for consolidation with Holland, 120
-, counts on getting much from alliance, 126.

more feared than loved, 121
-, acquittal of Lilburne shows unpopularity, 122.

foreign ministers have cause for dissatisfaction with, 126
-, general complaint about, 129.

unable to cope with affairs through incapacity, 129, 132
-, utterly raw, 137.

forbids Scottish preachers to pray for king, 130
-, force the only guide for acts of, 138.

Spanish alliance offers great advantage to, 230
-, likely to vent ill will on France, 154.

mutual jealousy among members increasing, 132
-, vigour of keeps people submissive, 135.

entire energies devoted to main affair, 132
-, mutiny of sailors ascribed to enemies of, 145.

Senate will be wise to postpone decision about recognising, 135.

patience needed for dealing with, 137
-, ignorance and incapacity of those in control of, 141
-, general desire that may be on other and better lines, 161.

expects speedy compliance from Venice, 141
-, captains prefer to serve Venice rather than, 248.

fear of assassination makes cautious about sending envoys abroad, 142.

anxious to thin population of Scotland and Ireland, 147.

hope that Dutch disasters by storm may help, 150.

Mazarin finds efforts to keep on good terms with unavailing, 154.

high treason to represent as tyrannical and illegitimate, 155.

powerful and courted by other countries, 159-60
-, stability doubtful, 161
-, reported intention to imitate constitution of Venice, 162.

1654 :

mission of Baas not decorous for, 183
-, members unfriendly to disallowed, 251
-, liability to sudden changes, 278
-, fleet professes complete obedience to, 281.

Compiègne [Oise, France], despatches dated at, 124, 126, 129, 131, 254.

Concord
-, English ship, memorial upon given to Paulucci, 157
-, text of memorial, 159.

Concordia
-, Dutch Vice-Admiral, opens Leghorn battle, 45
-, in danger of sinking, 46.

- See alsoSta. Maria.

Condé, Prince of. See Bourbon Condé, Louis II de.

conscience, Cromwell favours liberty of, 234.

conspiracy. See plot.

Constant Warwick, Dutch merchantmen in fear of, 4.

Constantinople, Turkish Empire :

English and Dutch might strike terror in, 92
-, Blake's fleet may go on to, 252.

Radziciowski going to, 103
-, Paulucci settled question of English ships at serving Turks, 240
-, Christian merchants at pay Cesy's debts, 242n.

consuls :

report of Savii on English, 11, 195.

-, names of :

Dutch at Leghorn. See Vanderstraten.

English at Cadiz. See Wilson, James.

English at Leghorn. See Read, Morgan.

English at Venice. See Hobson, John
-, Kent, Joseph
-, Woolph, Walter.

English at Zante. See Campion, Henry.

Contarini
-, Lunardo, Venetian Proveditore of Zante, despatch to Senate, 217
-, has no force to deal with English ship breaking law, 218.

Conti, Prince de. See Bourbon, Armand de.

Conway, Edward, viscount, letter to quoted, 73n.

Cook, Coke, John, solicitor for parliament, justice in Munster, Cromwell recalls from Ireland, 74.

Cooke
-, Cuch, Colonel, has permission for levy of Irish, 140
-, will not take up a small force, 198.

Copenhagen
-, Denmark, Bradshaw's coachman mobbed at, 21
-, Bradshaw needs protection at, 43.

cordage. See rope.

Coreggio, Horatio, Merchant Adventurer hired by, 67.

Corfu, island, not place to land Irish levies, 129.

corn
-, cargoes of, from Denmark, captured, 100n
-, French ships captured with, 186.

Corner, Andrea, Venetian Proveditore of Zante :

despatch from, 27.

gets English merchants to promise not to molest French ships, 27.

Correr, — , Venetian Ambassador, Paulucci served under, 194.

corsairs, privateers, depredations affect shipping at Leghorn, 151.

- See also pirates.

Corsica
-, island of, battle fought towards, 40
-, Badiley sailed away towards, 41, 44-5.

Coruña, La Corunna, Galicia, Spain, Irish levies landed at, 131.

Cossacks
-, Radziciowski dreaded by, 103
-, he wants Turks to attack, id.

Council of State :

orders naval captains to be put on trial, 2
-, sailing of fleet engrosses attention of, 5.

Salvetti sees about Appleton, 62
-, presents replies to foreign powers to parliament, 8
-, methods of approach for foreign ministers, 15.

interest in war of Candia, 10
-, memorial to, about William, 39.

considers means of appeasing army, 12
-, Bordeaux has frequent audience of, 16.

Paulucci's remarks reported to, 24
-, he does not hear from, 28.

help invoked about lawsuit at Venice, 29
-, writes to Venice about, 32.

Paulucci referred to about Sagredo's stolen goods, 32
-, memorial given to, 34
-, reply awarded, 57-8.

Cardenas has more frequent audience of, 35
-, appoints secret committee to treat with him, 36
-, Cardenas likely to be first to appear before new, 72.

letter to, in favour of peace, 51
-, letter from Holland laid before, 54.

abolished by dissolution, a new one set up, 65
-, consultation about formation of, 68
-, people impatient for, 68-9.

proclamation announcing, 71-2
-, means to summon parliament, 74.

Dutch envoy presents States' reply to, 73
-, reply promised to Stockar, 73.

pleased at strength of fleet, 75
-, Bordeaux delegates to see, 76, 79
-, Portuguese ambassador appears before, 78
-, Bordeaux delegates only get fair words from, 82.

meets daily, has more domestic than foreign business, 76
-, more concerned with establishing order than with hurried changes, 78.

has London aldermen degraded, 81.

intent on choice of members for new parliament, 81
-, orders to counties to return deputies, 87.

Bordeaux asks not to listen to Bordeaux rebels, 82.

memorial to about ships serving Venice, 83
-, Paulucci to appear before, 85, 87
-, goes to, 88
-, promised answer from, 89, 92, 95, 98.

differences with Cromwell on form of government, 84
-, energies devoted to devising form, 90.

Sa in ill odour with, 86
-, Cardenas consented to disposal of plate by, 94.

agitated by conflicting reports of fleet action, 87
-, orders thanksgiving for victory, 89.

prolongs monthly tax for war, 89
-, astonished at delay of Venetian recognition, 92
-, awaiting news of law suit at Venice, 104, 155
-, letter about, 120, 129, 177.

gratified by capture of rich Dutch ships, 94
-, receives news of fresh captures, 99.

Dutch commissioners have audience of, 95
-, assures them of desire for peace, 99
-, consultations with commissioners, 106.

attends Deane's funeral, 96
-, new parliament appears before, 100
-, acuteness in fixing title of parliament, 105.

confirmation of members, army predominates, 106
-, jealousy of Fleming in, 126-7.

Radziciowski urges to despatch his business, 107
-, promises him letters to Bendish, 116.

Lilburne causes great anxiety to, 109
-, his trial resumed by order of, 119
-, his acquittal unsatisfactory to, sends for judges, 122.

Dutchman to have seat on, 111
-, proposal in to take proceedings against members of long parliament, 119
-, Lagerfelt prevented from making representations in, 120.

busy over affairs of Scotland, 124
-, exclusively occupied with naval affairs, 143.

Paulucci will ask to give agent to Porte instructions favouring Venice, 125
-, delays Paulucci's audience because nothing done about intercourse, 132.

Cardenas assures of good will, 130
-, Cardenas demands release of St. Anna from, 146.

Charge of High Treason ' discussed in, 132
-, frequent sittings, forbids all conventicles and meetings, 135
-, disturbed by riot at St. Pauls, 142.

storm unlikely to burst while harmonious, 135
-, dissension increasing in, 139.

Paulucci to see, 136
-, foreign ministers kept waiting for replies from, 137
-, has done no business with them for over a month, 141.

to be informed of Venetian desire for exchange of ministers, 136
-, and levy for Venice, 162.

thinks it inexpedient to force city to make loan, 138.

protests of sailors to, 144
-, quells mutiny of sailors, 145.

Whitelocke takes leave of, 146
-, Dutch commissioners to have audience of, 161.

changes in, by new members appointed in rotation, 146
-, new organisation depends on Cromwell, 161.

released king of Spain's wool, 148n, 161-2.

Paulucci writes to, about reception, 149-50
-, promised written answer, 151.

Fleming will speak to about levies for Venice, 152
-, ready to grant Irish levy to Venice, 155
-, Paulucci presents paper to, about, 157.

expresses readiness for cordial relations with Venice, and exchange of ministers, 157
-, orders Fleming to inform foreign ministers of change of government, 166.

under the Instrument, constitution and powers proposed, 164-5
-, all edicts issued by Protector with advice of, 168
-, all acts of parliament must be submitted to, id.

Feake and Powell summoned before, 169n.

petition to for Hendra, 169-70
-, recommendation of Galilee, 212.

attention taken up with peace negotiations, 171
-, sends for Dutch commissioners and long conference with them, 172
-, desire for peace, 193
-, Dutch require signature to treaty, 197.

takes up question of Catholics, 179.

forbids any understanding or help for Scottish rebels, 180
-, busy providing reinforcements for Scotland, 214.

objects. to mission of Baas as irregular, 183.

Dutch offer good offices with for peace with France, 199
-, raid on Cancale without knowledge of, 220.

members accompany Bordeaux on State entry, 199
-, some go with Cromwell to Hampton Court, 202
-, plot to kill, 236.

Cromwell agrees to signing of peace by, 200
-, satisfied over peace, 214.

no one to leave London without passport from, 219.

taken up with search for conspirators, 219
-, charges. High Court of Justice to try them, 230.

to control distribution of taxes, 234
-, order allowing old soldiers and sailors to practise any trade, 264.

parliament cannot alter share in constitution, 234
-, chiefly occupied over new parliament, 242
-, scrutiny of new members, 252.

Bordeaux has long conferences with commissioners of, 239.

extreme difficulty in conferring with members of, 247
-, difficulty of discovering secrets, 251.

resolves to pay Pell's salary to wife, 251n.

conscious of danger of Crete falling to Turk, 255
-, naval and military operations to depend on, 267.

trying to get members to sign test, 264
-, Harrison banished by order of, id.

parliament means to elect new, 267
-, parliament settles functions of, 283, 292
-, and choice of, 289, 292.

prestige of England due to, 273
-, supposed beguiled by Mazarin, 290.

Galilee prepares statement for, 276
-, Paulucci's representations to about reception of Fieschi, 290-1, 293.

-, clerk of. See Jessop, William.

-, president of. See Lawrence, Henry
-, Montagu, Edward.

-, secretary of. See Thurloe, John.

Courland, duke of. See Ketteler, James.

Cowes, isle of Wight, co. Hants, duke of Gloucester sails from, 43n.

Cox
-, Capt. Owen, imprisoned at Naples, 15
-, released, 19.

Crete, Candia, island :

proposal to send Irish levies to, 85, 88, 129, 171, 250
-, loss of would recoil on Christendom, 92.

Venice wants officer who will undertake to transport men to, 97.

plenty of ships eager to take troops to, 156
-, Concord hired to take troops to, 159.

Marvel at during war, 163.

cost per head, landed at, 171, 198
-, Irish levies to reach in June, 181
-, place for levies changed from, to Zante, 223
-, landing of levies at, 245.

Cromwell recognises injury, if falls to Turk, 255.

Cromwell, Elizabeth (the Protector's mother), death and burial of, 284.

-, Henry, marriage to Elizabeth Russel, 78
-, sent to Ireland to assure people of father's good will, 189
-, greeted with royal honours, 198
-, returns, leaving Ireland quiet, 203.

to go to Ireland as Viceroy, 267
-, secretly devoted to Stuarts, 275.

-, Oliver :

1653 :

offers 6,000l. for the war, 2
-, drum beaten for new levies under, 39.

reliance on to stifle move of army against parliament, 9
-, covertly supports military party, 12.

parliament contemplates curtailing authority, 12
-, ceases to attend parliament, 60
-, locked out of House, 64.

Ayscue reinstated by, 16n
-, sends word to Madrid of peace with Portugal, 47
-, makes peace overtures to States, 68.

heated altercation in parliament, 60
-, offended at this and rejection of peace views, 64.

devising plans of personal aggrandisement, 60
-, receives obedience of city, 67.

dissolves long parliament, 64-5
-, arrangements for carrying on business of state, 65
-, forming new government, 67
-, in consultation with army officers, 68.

abolishes death sentence except for murder, 67
-, proclaims formation of now Council, 71-2.

understanding between army and navy supposed work of, 68
-, report of action in France, 70
-, growing popularity, 72
-, pleased with acclamations, 78
-, will try to keep popularity, relying on force, 82
-, efforts to win popularity, 90, 94.

anxious because army leaders not agreed, 72
-, consolidating authority, 74, 78.

Cardenas complains to about plate, 72
-, Portuguese ambassador confers with, 78.

Dutch envoy presents States' letter to, 73
-, chief of new Council, 76.

means to summon a conditional parliament, 74
-, city petition to, for parliament, 80
-, rough reply, 81.

pleased with strength of fleet, 75
-, orders thanksgiving for Gabbard victory, 89.

maintains credit by show of piety, 77
-, might possibly favour royal cause, 81.

Bordeaux delegates confer with, 80
-, not likely to provoke France, 83.

Paulucci will apply to about ships in Venetian service, 80
-, memorial for, upon, 83.

no one admitted to new parliament who does not enjoy confidence, 81.

suspected of aiming at crown, 81
-, very cautious though everything depends on, 85.

may desire continuance of war, 83
-, agitated by contrary reports about fleet action, 87.

differences with Council over form of government, 84
-, likely to keep own counsel about new parliament, 87.

desires peace as best for own plans, 86
-, energy devoted to form of new government, 90.

Sa commends for dissolving parliament, 86
-, pleased at capture of Dutch ships, 94.

issues orders to counties to return deputies, 87
-, may make announcement at meeting, 94.

concurs about Irish levy, regard for Venice, 88
-, surprised at delay of Venice in sending envoy, 92.

assumes title of CaptainGeneral of Forces, 89
-, orders that army be paid all arrears, 90.

plan for liquidating debt, 90
-, recalls Buckingham, 94.

becoming more arbitrary, 94
-, means to preserve aristocratic form of government, 100.

may attack France if peace with Holland ensues, 94
-, strength of army under command of, 109.

answer to Paulucci awaiting decision, 95
-, Venice appreciates good intentions, 114.

revises list for new parliament, 96
-, members appear before, 100
-, dependence of parliament on resented, 127.

attends Deane's funeral, 96
-, learns of captures by fleet, 99.

considers diplomatic relations with Italy, 99
-, Radziciowski confers with, 103, 116
-, treated with great consideration by, 134.

suggests keeping fleet off Dutch coasts, 100
-, gets credit of Texel victory, by good management, 110.

all power in hands of, 101
-, acuteness in calling new assembly parliament, 105
-, can further private ends under cover of, 106
-, dissatisfied with parliament, 118, 152, 160.

one of committee to treat with Dutch commissioners, 108
-, incensed at obstinacy of Dutch, 125.

Lilburne enemy of, 109, 122
-, must be cautious in dealing with him, 119
-, annoyed at his acquittal, 122.

peace will strengthen government, 112
-, state of country will keep busy, 118.

wishes to know Venetian reply about Irish levies, 116
-, Fleming will speak to about, 152.

best attention concentrated on naval affairs, 121
-, confers with city about loan, 144.

drawing to alliance with Sweden, 123
-, busy over affairs of Scotland, 124.

has Lilburne removed to Tower, 125
-, will try and check noxious humours of State, 127.

libel on, circulated in London, 132, 141-2
-, offers reward for discovery of author, 133
-, printers punished for libel on, 139.

encounter with mutinous sailors, 145
-, avoids visits of functionaries, 155.

expected to govern without parliament, 152
-, change expected in favour of, 155
-, plays own game by making parliament odious, 158.

Sa's entreaties fail to move about brother, 153
-, promises to prove his good friend, 162
-, may use prerogative of pardon for, 166.

favourable to granting Venice Irish levy, 155
-, secretary of (? Marvel) goes to Paulucci about, 162
-, regard for secretary, 163.

Paulucci desires to pay respects to, 155
-, Fleming rejoiced by elevation of, 166.

go between with Mazarin, 159
-, outstanding ability proved, 164.

Mazarin does best to keep on good terms with, 159
-, Mazarin's devices exposed to, 167.

dissolves nominated parliament, 160, 166
-, consequently hailed as Protector and defender of English liberty, 161.

determined on peace for own ends, 161
-, desires it earnestly, 165
-, prospects of peace improved by elevation, 167.

proclaimed Protector, ceremony of, 164-5
-, dependence on army, 165.

powers under Instrument of Government, 164, 167
-, ill received by people, 165.

1654 :

style of address, foreign ministers to pay respects to, 166
-, revenue assigned to, 179.

becomes more arbitrary, changes style, 168
-, preachers attack, 169
-, libels on, 174.

Cardenas congratulates, manner of reception, 168
-, Mazarin sends Baas to, 171
-, talks stiffly to him of encouragement to Dutch, 183.

calls back all the King's household, 168
-, government depends solely upon, anxiety about army, 172, 174.

proclamation for controlling acts of parliament, 168.

eagerness for peace may make Dutch hang back, 169
-, attention taken up with negotiations, 171
-, abandons some of most extravagant demands, 173.

Paulucci hints at help for Venice, 171, 177
-, Paulucci presents state letters to, reply of, 177.

Dutch doubtful of solidity of position, 172
-, recognition by ambassadors, 173, 175.

assuming royal state and prerogatives, 173
-, Baas well received by, 175
-, forms observed with, 177.

hoped that will not attack France openly though may help Spain indirectly, 173, 183
-, Spaniards hope will attack France, 176.

vexed at departure of Dutch commissioners, sends after them, 174
-, they have his signature to chief articles, 177.

rise attributed to cunning, tries to conciliate opinion but mistrusted, 174, 179.

since elevation looks utterly careworn, 177
-, anxieties increase daily, id.

distrust of Anabaptists, 175
-, increased since his elevation, 179.

Condé's agents press for help, interest to keep France busy, 176
-, Cardenas goes to tell of French designs on Artois, 178.

proclamation defining high treason against, 179
-, forbids assistance to Scottish rebels, 180.

gets Council to take up question of Catholics, who hope to arrange compromise with him, 179.

receives unsold property of malignants, 179.

chiefly concerned about renewal of war, 180
-, Dutch suspected of trying to cajole, 191.

Genoese minister pays respects to, 180
-, Stockar compliments and confers with, 183.

earnest desire for peace, 181-2
-, pleased at returns of Beverning, resents delay in negotiations, 182.

proceedings closely watched by Spain, 181
-, Cardenas informs of Sparke's execution, 190.

Baas takes complimentary reply to Mazarin, 183, 187
-, Baas sent back to, 190.

state visit to city, 184
-, no acclamations, 184-5
-, stone thrown at, 185-6.

increasing rancour against, 184
-, unpopularity will increase if no peace, 186.

ready to grant truce to Dutch, 185
-, Beverning sees about ratifying articles, 186.

many in Scotland and Ireland will not recognise, 185, 188
-, proclamations in Ireland met with contempt, 187.

receives delegates from Ameland, 186
-, sends son Henry to Ireland, 189.

says relations with France impossible while she harbours king, 187
-, Charles asked to leave France, to please, 188.

ten persons arrested for abusing, 188
-, may limit punishment to imprisonment, 192.

modest demeanour to cover designs, 189, 203
-, assuming royal forms, 193, 196
-, becoming more despotic, 196.

appoints man of authority to take up levy for Venice, 189.

Don F. Romero comes to congratulate from Archduke, 192, 196
-, recognition by foreign powers, 196-7.

said to have promised Condé secret support, 192.

desire for peace increases popularity, 193
-, peace sole object of application, 196
-, peace likely to increase influence, 202, 206.

expected to assume position of king, 193-4
-, goes to live in royal palace, 196.

Dutch commissioners know sincerity of, 195
-, speaks sharply to them and presents ultimatum. 197
-, reasons for change of attitude, id.

Paulucci appeals to for Guardian Angel 198-9
-, appoints Hobson consul at Venice 201, 218.

ordains day of fast and humiliation, 199
-, goes to Hampton Court for relaxation, 202, 217.

Dutch offer to mediate with for peace with France, 199
-, French remain suspicious of, 202, 206
-, assurances dissipate their fears, 204.

Bordeaux has coach for entry, 199
-, state reception of Bordeaux, 199-200.

concession to Dutch about signature, 200
-, agrees to sign peace last, 202
-, pleased at ratification of peace, 206
-, no acclamations for over peace, 209, 211.

Queen Christina questions authority, 200
-, opposition to, in army, 203, 211
-, anxious about loyalty of troops, 214.

good intentions to help common cause, 201
-, foreign policy remains a mystery, 204
-, will send fleet to Mediterranean, 206, 208
-, too many enemies to send forces far away, 208.

Cardenas has frequent audiences of, to prevent adjustment with French, 203-4.

disinclined to call new parliament, 203
-, issues writs for parliament, 220, 226
-, giving electors a free hand, 222.

aiming at sovereignty, 203
-, higher he rises more odium he excites, 209, 217, 219
-, rancour against increasing, libels posted about London against, 212, 222.

might use Condé's party to intervene in France, 204
-, troops given to Condé by, 208.

receives congratulations from Oldenburg and Tuscany, 205
-, surprise at delay in Venetian congratulations, 207.

postpones Law Term may intend to reform law, 205
-, may take title of emperor, 209
-, must wait for higher title, 212.

congratulations from Sweden, Guelders and Courland, 207
-, possible resentment at lack of any from doge, 207, 210.

interests require forces to be employed somewhere, 209
-, French anxious at news that victualling fleet, 213.

will apply all energies to put down revolt in Scotland, 210
-, agitated by bad news from Scotland, 211.

foreign ministers expected to congratulate on peace, 210, 215
-, gives banquet to Dutch ambassadors, 211
-, satisfaction over peace, 214
-, congratulatiors on peace, 215.

London hopes Scottish rebels will put limits to authority, 211
-, feels need of large force near London, 212
-, unpopular with Londoners, lavishly abused, 214, 222.

backs appeal for Galilee, 212, 223
-, Galilee tells of promise of satisfaction, 235
-, is pleased at promise, 244.

claims from French for damage by privateering, 213
-, French anticipate declaration of war from, 215
-, will continue to seize French property at sea, 228.

busy providing reinforcements for Scotland, 214
-, defeat in Scotland might destroy ascendancy, 219
-, has news of defeat there, 222-3.

Penn confers with about use of fleet, 214
-, Levant Co. petitions to protect trade, 226
-, promises to send fleet to Levant, id.

supposed concert with Holland to repress House of Orange, 215
-, offers Holland military support against other Provinces, 217.

Spanish offer to, to break with France, 216
-, Bordeaux complains to of raid on Cancale, apologises, 223.

resents Venetian reluctance to acknowledge him, 216
-, Senate's letter to with congratulations, 226-7, 237, 239, 243.

removal of Lilburne would relieve, 217
-, people grow daily more impatient of rule, 223.

undertaking that Prince of Orange will never bear arms against, 218
-, upholds enforcement of Navigation Act, 225.

plot to assassinate discovered, 219
-, busy over detection of plot, 222
-, fears increased by depositions of arrested, stern measures, 227.

Grand Duke thinks difficult for him to break with French, 221
-, congratulations from Oldenburg and present of horses, 226.

offers bounty for recruits, does not venture to raise levies by force, 222.

orders to Whitelock led to good arrangement with Sweden, 223
-, Digby thought to be suborned by, 230.

good relations with foreign powers may strengthen opposition to at home, 223
-, hopes to legalise position by calling parliament earlier, 228.

Haro's opinion of power of, 224
-, Grand Duke watching but puzzled by behaviour, 229.

not responsible for search in Temple, 225
-, will readily grant levy of Irish and Scottish prisoners, 229.

has treasure removed to Tower, 225
-, has medals struck for distinguished service in the war, 228.

Paulucci to suggest naval help from against Turks, 226, 237
-, fleet to take letter of to Tunis demanding restoration of ships and goods, 236.

admirals come to London to confer with, 228
-, keeps fleet ready for action, 231.

Holland ambassadors instructed to consign secret act to, 229
-, favour of Digby with, 230n
-, nature of act disclosed, 235.

anxiety in Spain about intentions, 230
-, reported secret treaty of Spain with, 232
-, Spain suspends advances to because of plot, 241.

disturbed by conspiracy, measures for personal safety, 230
-, Spaniards disturbed by news of plot, 233
-, object of plot to kill, 236.

passage of arms with Bordeaux, 231
-, plot destroys French efforts to captivate, 232.

imposes tax for maintenance of fleet, 231
-, establishes new system of tax collecting, 234.

master of ports of Scotland, 232
-, sending more troops to Scotland, 243.

King of Spain gets particulars of French offers to, 233
-, inclined to be on good terms with Spain, but likely to decide according to offers made, 239.

averse from execution of Southworth, 233-4
-, favours liberty of conscience, 234.

wants parliament assembled soon, but provides for own supremacy, 234
-, members not entirely to satisfaction of, 235.

departure of Charles from France hastened to please, 235
-, thinks French offers mere trickery of Mazarin, 242.

nation desires parliament to check despotism, 236
-, exertions to get submissive house, 238, 241-2, 244, 246, 251-2.

demands satisfaction for Richaut's sons and threatens reprisals, 237.

sends presents and assurances to Oldenburg, 237
-, Lagerfeldt presents credentials to, 245.

leaves Sa to his fate, 238
-, London citizen imprisoned for threatening life, 252.

punishment of conspirators confirms authority, 239
-, increasing tendency to autocracy, 242.

keeps strong force to overawe London, 239
-, courts chief personages of city, 246.

Paulucci to cultivate confidential relations with, 240, 254.

secret article arranged by Holland with, 240, 248
-, warns Zeeland and Friesland of consequences of disagreeing with Holland, 241.

not pleased with French victory at Arras, 242
-, Huguenots appeal to, for help, 247.

Paulucci presents Senate's letter to, asks'help against Turk, reply of, 244
-, discusses Venetian letter sympathetically, 249
-, speaks strongly for helping Venice, 250.

will always seek depression of House of Orange, 245
-, Holland relies on support of, 254.

expresses wish for friendly relations with Sweden, 245
-, proposes to send minister there, 251.

Dutch ambassadors called to account for secret article made with, 245
-, they confer with about disputes between Provinces, 246
-, his confidential relations with them, 272.

Holland induced to withdraw claim to trade at Antwerp, 248
-, regret that Holland alone opposes Orange, 255
-, Dutch ambassadors committed to, 256.

Mazarin's efforts to conciliate, 249
-, secrecy of government, 251
-, reliance on Thurloe, 255
-, Thurloe seldom apart from, 269.

will have support of army members for Scotland and Ireland, 252
-, payment renders army more subservient to, 256.

parliament expected to declare sovereign, 252-3, 257
-, pageant of boys in London to indicate approaching grandeur, 253.

appoints frigate to take Sa home, 253.

Spanish ministers fear hostile action on meeting of parliament, 254
-, Bordeaux confers with, after victory at Arras, 256.

realises injury if Turks take Crete, 255
-, Thurloe will speak to about helping Venice, 257.

confidants remonstrate with about proposed elevation, 257
-, abandons idea, 260.

new seal and coinage of, 257
-, grants Scottish regiments for foreign service, 263.

summons parliament to painted chamber, speech, 259
-, speech discussed, arrogance resented, 260.

signs of disagreement with parliament, 260
-, means to resist parliament's attempt to limit authority, 261
-, asserts authority, 262.

shows policy by keeping army on his side, 260
-, fears nothing with troops at his disposal, 263
-, marches troops into London, 264, 278.

desire for subjection of Scotland, 261
-, cheered by news from Scotland, 263.

sends for members again, second speech, 261-2
-, produces paper for members to sign, 262
-, efforts to get test signed, 264
-, gets test signed, 266, 270.

knows people deserve to be governed with severity, 263
-, people meet policy with torpor, id.

Harrison banished to country for opposition to, 264
-, strong reply to objections of army leaders, 273.

measures to captivate army, 264
-, parliament invests with sole command of army, 266-7.

warns Lord Mayor orders must be obeyed, 265
-, every one acknowledges and fears supremacy, 266.

fleet kept ready to back schemes, 265
-, Don Luis does not believe will attack Indies, 268.

may have to use force in Ireland, 265
-, thinks troops strong enough to keep Scotland and Ireland quiet, 272.

parliament trying to regulate succession, 266, 273, 275
-, parliament trying to satisfy and may leave supreme, 271.

state visit to parliament, informs about fleet, 267
-, leaves everything to his discretion, id.

probability of disputes with parliament, 267
-, supporters extol services in parliament, 273.

conditions for peace with Spain, 268
-, Mazarin hopes will attack Indies, 282
-, Mazarin's flattery of, 287.

deals with all powers on basis of hard cash, 268
-, Bordeaux to flatter more than ever, 270.

accident to, coach runs away with, 269
-, satires upon, 269, 274
-, not yet recovered, 270
-, still lame and unable to attend parliament, 273.

government becoming more and more consolidated, 270
-, opposition to autocracy of, 277.

Paulucci may see about ambassador, 271
-, Sehested comes to confer with, 281.

receives list of French prizes, 272
-, orders troops to be sent to fleet, 284
-, sets off French prizes against damage received, 287.

Villeré asks audience of, will urge to attack Turks, 272.

entirely recovered, government completely controlled by, 275
-, naval power used to secure in seat, 276.

sons have not inherited spirit or ability, 275.

Galilee to present statement to, 276
-, Paulucci approaches about reception of Fieschi, 290-1, 293.

de Haro thinks power crumbling, 276
-, prudent policy of keeps neighbours on tenterhooks, 290.

remonstrance of army officers to, 277
-, soothing answer, dependence on army, 277, 289, 292
-, officers decide to present another paper to, 289.

pamphlets in London denouncing, 277-8
-, speech of Shapcote against, 281-2.

excessive demands of fleet on, sends money to, 279
-, fleet prefers parliament to, 279
-, Penn assures of loyalty of navy, 281.

deference to parliament, 279
-, parliament will deal with prerogative of, 279-80
-, opposition to, in parliament, 281
-, has to show great tact, but counts on short period of parliament and support of army, 281.

supposed intention to dissolve parliament brings it to heel, 283
-, it passes acts showing his wishes prevail over everything, 283, 289
-, parliament settles government to satisfaction of, 288.

great hatred for, his precautions, 283-4
-, Grand Duke takes consolation from troubles of, at home, 291.

feels loss of mother keenly, her warning, 284.

Cardenas presses to order Blake to attack French fleet, 284
-, Bordeaux has repeated audiences of, 289-90.

sees realisation of ideas with approaching dissolution of parliament, 285
-, will give conciliatory answer to army, 289.

threatening letter moderates Dutch zeal for Orange, 287
-, Beverning takes leave of, 290
-, asked for force to defend Holland, id.

all activities centred about despatch of fleet, 289
-, remonstrates about reduction of taxes, 292.

autocratic power at dissolution of parliament, 292
-, letters of about Blake's fleet, 293.

Fieschi proposes to mediate between French and, 293.

-, daughters of, proposal to marry one to Buckingham, 94
-, loose talk of Spanish marriage for, 254.

-, family of, disapproves of his elevation, 214.

-, secretary of. See Marvel, Andrew.

-, Richard, shares father's dignity and shows thirst for domination, 275.

Cuba, West Indies, reported designs on, 270.

Cubitt, Capt. Joseph, attack on merchantmen from St. Malo, 208n.

Cuch. See Cooke.

Cunningham, William, earl of Glencairn, reported victory over English, 199n.

currants :

English trade in at Zante, 1
-, William chartered to lade, 170
-, Longland's action will injure, 4
-, French capture ships with, 150-1.

ship with cargo of seized at Zante, 190
-, Hobson at Zante about, 195.

Tunis pirates take English ship with, 206, 231.

laded at Venice and taken to Zante, 217-8
-, Levant Co. claims monopoly of trade, 243.

Cusack, Cusache, Col. George, duke of Lorraine has arrested for cowardice, 66.



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