Index
P

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allen B. Hinds (editor)

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1929

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362-373

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'Index: P', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 29: 1653-1654 (1929), pp. 362-373. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=89791 Date accessed: 23 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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P

Paganuzzi
-, Daniel, arrives in London with troops, 113
-, some still with, 123
-, Morlachs taken to England by, 151.

Page, Christopher, captain of Anna Buonaventura, engaged by Venice for war, 31.

Palatine, Elector, of Heidelberg. See Charles Louis.

-, Princes. See Maurice
-, Rupert.

Palermo, Sicily, Plaiter to take prizes into, 170.

pamphlets, seditious, libels, 174, 214.

attacking government, suppressed, efforts to discover authors, 141
-, circulated in London against government, 277-8.

parliament directs discovery of authors, 279
-, Shapcote's speech, 281
-, text, 282.

Paole. See Poole.

papal nuncious. See under ambassadors.

papists. See Catholics, Roman, English.

Paris, France, 134.

despatches dated at, 8, 14, 17, 23, 27, 31, 34, 38, 51, 53-4, 59, 62, 77-8, 80, 84, 95, 113, 117, 121, 143, 160, 163, 167, 171, 173, 176, 178, 181, 184, 188, 190, 192, 197, 199, 202, 204, 206, 209, 213, 215, 258, 272, 283, 287, 291, 293.

letters dated at, 19, 24n.

news from, 109.

Gloucester arrives at, 77
-, Browne mentions Morrel's presence in, 98n.

O'Brien at, and gone from, 114
-, Paulucci left hurriedly, 194.

Charles asked to leave, 190
-, departure of Charles from, 247.

Villere leaves, negotiating return to, 272
-, Fieschi at, 293.

English seizure of Canada great blow to, 282.

parliament :

relief for Mediterranean appointed by, 7
-, prize money awarded by, 145.

Venetian advances to, 23
-, likely to be utterly abolished, 65
-, if a new one not called, army will be supreme, 69
-, new one likely to be put off, 72
-, may lie dormant, 78.

provision for election of new, 72
-, Cromwell means to summon a conditional one, 74
-, Cromwell will keep counsel about, 87.

city petitions for new one, 80
-, Council considering choice of members for, 81
-, will have to depend on army, 86.

several counties petition for, 87
-, Cromwell expected to rule without, 152, 161, 167.

permits Preston to raise levy of Irish, 116
-, Preston an enemy of, 129.

Dutch representatives would be swamped in, 121
-, Instrument provision for summoning of, 164.

Cromwell set up in order to discredit, 167
-, disposal of Hampton Court by, 202n.

Christina recognises authority of, 200
-, jealousy over, considered palladium of liberties, 267.

army likely to support, on an emergency, 270
-, arrangements for succession of, 288-9.

-, Speaker of. See Lenthall, William
-, Rous, Francis.

-, the long :

charges commissioners for navy to supervise provisioning, 2
-, engrossed with business of fleet, 3, 5
-, devising fresh tax for fleet, 55.

Portuguese admit claims for damage done by Rupert, 3
-, secret correspondence of Italian minister with, 7.

appoints committee to hear Bordeaux, 3
-, replies for foreign powers presented to, 8.

refers case of Spanish silver to Admiralty Court, 6
-, claimed as sole judge of lawful prizes, 15.

provision for sick and wounded, 6, 38.

Grand Duke's letters read in, 6n
-, appoints Lisle for Sweden, 9
-, appoints guard for Lisle, 55.

desires good relations with Venice, 7-8, 10
-, will punish those who serve Turks, 10.

danger of army rising against, 9
-, objection to growing power of Presbyterians in, 12, 21.

puts down meeting of Presbyterians, 9
-, army demands reform and dissolution of, 16.

proclamation banishing Jesuits and priests, 9
-, Cardenas submits to about services, 21.

reply to doge, 11
-, text of, 13
-, Senate expresses esteem for,13-4
-, Senate's appreciation of reply, 31.

suspects Cromwell and thinks of curtailing his authority, 12
-, army clamours for new one, 30
-, Cromwell ceases to attend, 60.

opponents gain ground in Scotland and Ireland, 13
-, banishes duke of Gloucester, 38.

permits Preston to serve Spain, 14
-, issues patents for levies of Scots and Irish, 30.

methods of business lead to delay, 16
-, appreciates courtesy of Paulucci's office, 17.

Ayscue removed by, 16n
-, authors of war constantly reproached in, 30.

text of Bordeaux's statement to, 18
-, text of reply, 19
-, persists in claiming ships plundered by French, 43.

proposes measures for security of loans, 25
-, orders goods to be sent overland from Leghorn, 53.

wishes to force hand of Venice about recognition, 24
-, Charles would have no reason to complain if Venice recognised, 47.

attends service of humiliation, 25
-, devotion of fleet to doubtful, 33.

Dutch mean to be independent of, 27
-, question of Phœnix referred to, 32.

Swiss offer mediation to, 30, 57
-, Dutch war decided on by, 67.

Cardenas respects wishes of, 33
-, asks information concerning owners of goods in seized ships, 62.

act drawn for dissolution, to pacify army, 39
-, delays over, 49.

Presbyterians in move to offer peace, rejected by majority, 42
-, means being devised in to bring peace, 48
-, but nothing settled, 49.

Senate acknowledges letter about caviare, 47
-, expects further demonstrations from Senate, 52.

question of peace discussed in, decision adjourned, 51
-, Holland's overture to disapproved by majority, 64.

proposed communication with Holland and States about peace, 54
-, reply sent, 57
-, idea of separate understanding with Holland, 58
-, favourable Dutch reply to, 59.

Offelan has permit for levy from, 57
-, releases Swedish ships, 58
-, business stopped by dissolution, 63
-, talk of calling members to account, 65, 67, 90, 101.

heated altercation with Cromwell in, 60
-, Cromwell locked out of, 64
-, Harrison's opposition in, a blind, 101.

Cromwell dissolves, 64-5
-, general indifference at dissolution, 65
-, general unpopularity of, 68, 74.

army prevents members from leaving London, 67
-, most efficient members expected to be in new Council, 69.

actions of members closely watched, 69
-, some think dissolution too violent, 74
-, dissolution welcomed in Scotland and Ireland, 80.

ill pleased with Grand Duke over Leghorn battle, 70
-, stopped mail to conceal dissensions, 70
-, Gloucester kept prisoner by, 78.

credentials of Bordeaux delegates addressed to, 75
-, Cromwell welcomed as deliverer of country from, 78
-, city praises Cromwell for dissolving, 80
-, Sa commended dissolution and abused, 86
-, reputation steadily waning, 90.

members instigated petition for new parliament, 81
-, Cromwell informs new parliament of reasons for dissolution, 100.

plan to repay loans made to, 90
-, proposal to raise forced loan from members, 119.

roots pulled up without commotion, 92
-, dissolution caused no change in foreign or domestic affairs, 101.

Lilburne claims released by dissolution of, 119
-, Cromwell charged with unlawfully dissolving, 132.

idea of proceeding against members abandoned, 119
-, Whitelocke member of and called to account, 138.

obtained immediate compliance from Venice, 141
-, pass from ignored by English cruisers, 150
-, Anabaptists favoured in, 168.

Simpson claimed to have foretold dissolution, 169
-, Cromwell's government detested by members of, 172.

acts about commerce remain law, 225
-, Cromwell explains reasons for dissolution, 259.

-, the nominated, new representative, 'Barebones' :

nominations for, 90
-, guard for, 101.

date for fixed, Cromwell may make announcement at opening, 94
-, approaching meeting makes Council procrastinate, 95
-, will use same forms as predecessor, 100-1.

Cromwell and council of officers revise list of members, 96
-, members appear before Council and addressed by Cromwell, 100.

first meeting, 100
-, chooses Speaker, 101
-, given title of parliament, 105.

exhorted to dispatch business promptly, term of, 101
-, confirms Council and appoints committees, 106
-, establishes high Court of Justice, 118.

members ignorant and inexperienced, 106
-, Cromwell dissatisfied with, may make changes in, 118, 152.

Radziciowski presents credentials to, 107
-, letters of Grand Dukà to, expressing good will, 131.

votes gold chains for naval officers, 115
-, orders thanksgiving for Texel victory, 121.

discusses change of ambassador at Porte, 123
-, decides to send new one, 125
-, letters to Sultan and Grand Vizier, 137.

warns Scottish preachers to desist from advocating king's cause, 125.

expected to reverse Lilburne's acquittal, 125
-, Blake takes seat in and thanked for services, 139.

army dissatisfied with short duration and dependence on Cromwell, 127
-, Cromwell accused of establishing unlawfully, 132.

Scottish preachers inform that bound to pray for king, 130.

royalists and Catholics forced to compound for property to, 133
-, Cromwell confirms order forbidding meetings, 135
-, confirms appointment of Lord Mayor, 139.

change likely at expiration of, 141
-, nation disappointed with, 152
-, not expected to live out its term, 155, 158.

Lagerfelt takes leave of, 144
-, Whitelocke takes leave of, 146.

Dutch send help to Highlanders against, 149
-, extravagant behaviour, 158.

letter of Senate to, about suit over caviare, 154
-, style used in addressing, 162.

forbids talk of king and criticism of government, 155
-, Anabaptists favoured in, 168.

prepared to meet. Venetian advances and exchange ministers, 157.

Cromwell dissolves, 160, 166
-, dissolution revives hopes of peace, 161, 167
-, dissolution engrosses Cromwell's attention, 162.

dissolution leaves Cromwell with increased powers, 167
-, Simpson claimed to have foretold dissolution, 169.

Cromwell departs from usage in receiving ambassadors, 168
-, Cromwell's rule detested by members of, 172
-, many members of returned for its successor, 241.

Charles has no reason to regret dissolution, 176
-, order upon service of sea captains,, 247.

Cromwell explains why he called and dissolved, 259
-, army demands enquiry into sales ordered by, 289.

-, first of the Protectorate :

to meet in a few months, likely to bring great changes, 141
-, proclamation that all its acts must be submitted to Protector and Council, 168
-, qualifications of age and fortune for, 251.

Cromwell expected to assume crown at meeting of, 193-4, 203, 209, 212, 222
-, may exalt him higher or hurl him down, 234.

Dutch would have to wait for ratification of peace by, 197.

Cromwell disinclined to call, 203
-, Cromwell to be confirmed by calling, 214
-, he hopes to legalise position by, 228
-, to become more absolute, 236.

Cromwell will pack with his own creatures, 214
-, he will allow free election but will sift members, 222.

Cromwell announces meeting for September, writs issued, 220, 222, 226
-, returns to be made with despatch, 228
-, Cromwell wishes to assemble soon, 234
-, he is confident all will go as he wishes, 241.

to enjoy usual privileges but not alter existing constitution, 234
-, session limited to six months, 238.

members returned not altogether approved, 235-6
-, London members staunch supporters, Cromwell concerned to have submissive, 238
-, his measures to render so, 241, 245, 246
-, some opposition allowed by connivance, 242.

chief attention of government devoted to, 242, 244
-, Cromwell revises list of members, 246, 251-2.

curiosity about measures, 251, 257
-, Cromwell will be proclaimed sovereign at meeting, 252-3, 256.

returns for Scotland and Ireland announced, 252
-, date of meeting fixed, 257.

Spanish ministers fear hostile action at meeting, 254
-, assembles, opening business, 259
-, Cromwell sends for and addresses, 259
-, and a second time, 262.

elects speaker and confirms officials, 260
-, quorum fixed, 264.

discusses authority and jurisdiction, 260
-, discusses constitution, signs of differences with Protector, 260
-, Cromwell determines to coerce, 261
-, or he will dissolve, 262.

Cromwell asks members to sign declaration, 262
-, people curious to see what members will do, 263
-, efforts to get test signed, 264
-, 300 sign, 270
-, but with ulterior aims, 277.

some hold aloof from, others excluded, 264
-, disapproving members return, 266.

passes act approving of present rule, 264
-, occupied with machinery of government, 266, 292
-, and with reform of government, 277-8, 280.

proposes to elect new Council of State, 267
-, possibility of disputes with, 267
-, Cromwell unable to attend, 273.

Cromwell cajoles by state visit, informs about naval squadrons, 267
-, won over and confirms his command, 267.

sits daily, consolidating government, 271
-, discusses Cromwell's interests, 273
-, his partisans eulogise in, 273.

deals with succession, 273, 275
-, may curtail Cromwell's prerogative, 279.

discusses religion, and Catholicism, 274
-, Cromwell will be absolute at dissolution of, 275, 292
-, Cromwell's adherents support interests in, 278-80.

army support for in opposing autocracy, 277
-, has understanding with army, id.
-, Cromwell fears army supporting, 281.

censures libellers of Cromwell, 278
-, condemns Shapcote's speech, 281
-, text of his speech in, 282.

Cromwell shows deference to, in dealing with fleet, 279
-, fleet prefers to Cromwell, 279.

resentment in at Cromwell's assuming control of supply, 279
-, fleet thanks for money sent, 281.

efforts to postpone dissolution, 280-1
-, Cromwell counts on short term of, 281
-, increasingly favourable to Cromwell, 292.

reports of dissolution change tone, 283
-, resolutions about government making Cromwell Protector for life, id
-, good understanding reigns with Cromwell, 285
-, relations with him satisfactorily settled, 288.

efforts to diminish taxation, 285-6, 292
-, acts for establishing government, 288-9
-, carried under threat of dissolution, 289.

to declare who are to serve in next, 289.

Pas, Louis de, seigneur de Mazerolles, M. Mazerol, gentleman of Condé, at Madrid, from England, report of, 274.

Pat, Lord, an Englishman, ? Col. Fitzpatrick, sent to get Irish to go to Italy, 113.

Paul
-, Pol, Polo, the Chevalier, depredations by, 151
-, commanding French squadron, English vowed to vengeance against, 291.

Paules
-, mission to England about Hamburg ships, report, 62
-, returns to England, 78.

Paulucci, Pauluzzi, Lorenzo, Venetian Secretary in England :

despatches to Sagredo, 2, 5, 8, 10-1, 15, 20, 24, 28, 32, 34, 38,42, 48, 51, 54-5, 59, 63-4, 67, 71, 74, 78, 80, 84, 86, 88, 90, 92-3, 95, 98, 100, 102, 104-5, 107, 110-1, 114, 117, 121, 124, 126, 129, 132-3, 135-7, 139-40, 143, 145, 147, 149, 151, 155, 157, 160, 162, 164, 168, 170-1, 174, 177, 179, 182, 184-5, 188, 191-2, 194-5, 197, 199, 202, 204, 206, 209, 211, 214, 216, 219, 222, 224, 227, 230, 233, 235, 238, 241, 243, 246, 249, 252, 255, 257, 259, 261, 264, 266, 269, 271, 273, 275-6, 278, 280, 283, 285, 288, 291.

despatches to the Senate, 239, 247.

instructions for, 7.

letter of, 150.

to get orders allowing use of English ships, 1, 4, 42
-, to be informed of Poole's mission, 13
-, expecting audience upon, 20.

on compensation for Sagredo's property, 3, 20, 29
-, assurances to, upon, 24
-, reply to about, 54, 57.

Fleming brings parliament letter to, 11
-, parliament appreciates courtesy of office, 17.

asks for money, 17, 39, 52-3, 181, 194-5, 256, 258, 261, 263
-, acknowledges money, 22, 43, 76, 80, 104, 136, 159, 187, 210, 232
-, in debt, 39, 128.

to be informed of Zante affair, 20
-, to give Fleming assurances about caviare, 47
-, does so, 76.

has audience of commissioners, 24
-, awaiting audience of Council, 59.

to thank Fleming about sending to Bendish, 28
-, does so, 55
-, to thank government for orders about serving Turks, 71.

assured English ships will not be recalled, 28
-, will apply to Cromwell for order about ships, 80
-, presents memorial, 83.

asked if republic wants levies, 30, 56
-, to obtain particulars about Irish levy, 71
-, thanks for offer of levy, 88.

instruction about mediation, 48, 61, 83
-, Boreel enquires about, 50.

calls on Cardenas and Bordeaux, 56
-, Stockar visits, 73
-, visits Cardenas again, 85.

gives assurances of friendliness of Venice, 60
-, ordered to do so, 71.

hint to make use of Cromwell's piety, 77
-, Fleming asks about war and urges use of Irish, 85.

should have first news of peace with Portugal, 84
-, Fleming's confidence to about, 88.

speaks to Fleming about ships in Venetian service, 84, 92
-, reassured about delay in answering, 95.

applies for audience, 86
-, date fixed, 87
-, audience of Council, 88
-, promised an answer, 89.

asks for consideration for services, 88
-, Sagredo praises assiduity, 92
-, told to continue service, 116.

Fleming speaks to about recognition, 92
-, recognised as minister of Venice, 96.

to call on Dutch commissioners, 96
-, pays respects to them, 105
-, they return visit, 107.

instructions to about levy, 97
-, gives Fleming reply about, 116.

vote of donation for, 97
-, satisfaction with, 211.

Radziciowski's visit to, 104
-, his assurances to, 107
-, to avoid conversation on subject of Radziciowski's journeys, 114.

Fleming complains to, about Venetian partiality to Dutch, repudiates, 104
-, Fleming tells of Texel victory, 110.

strong letter for, about suit at Venice, 120, 129
-, to present reply, 154.

gives passport to Dalmatians and Albanians to go and serve Venice, 123.

Jessupp offers levy to, 123
-, Goring, Lunsford and Finch offer levy to, 139
-, to refuse to discuss extravagant terms, 151.

reports conversation with Fleming about mutual understanding, 126
-, audience delayed because nothing done about mutual intercourse, 132
-, cannot continue long in England without some definite character, 133.

to get precise decision from Fleming about levy, 134
-, speaks to him about, 151.

audience of Council, proposes mutual intercourse, 136
-, writes asking reply from Council, 149-50
-, Fleming promises answer to, 151
-, receives reply, 155.

asks Fleming about peace prospects, 152
-, Dutch commissioners call on before leaving, 172
-, pays respects to them, 201.

wishes to pay respects to Cromwell, 155, 166
-, Morrel's opinion of state's attitude to, 159.

asked to help about Wheel of Fortune, 156
-, sees captain, 178.

contradicts reports of Venice not paying for ships, 156.

Cromwell's secretary sees about levy, 162-3, 166
-, given power to arrange levy, 181
-, Fleming speaks to about, 189.

kept waiting, for presentation of doge's letter, 175
-, presents letter to Cromwell, 177.

remonstrance at seizure of Guardian Angel, 190n
-, appeals to Cromwell about, 198-9.

expects difficulty about levy, 194
-, to see two people about, 197
-, further negotiations, 198.

asks Sagredo's support to get released from post, 194-5
-, Sagredo sends help to every month, 197
-, to remain at his post, 215
-, needs state support to continue, 228.

exchanges courtesies with Bordeaux, 201
-, Oldenburg envoys visit, 205
-, de Grand visits, 217.

praised for replies about help and levies, 201
-, to continue negotiations for levy, 223, 226, 229, 230, 243.

to testify to welcome of Hobson as consul, 201-2
-, to continue to cherish confidence, 228.

suggests need of official congratulations to Cromwell, 207
-, will offer them, 210
-, delayed, 216.

hint about sending fleet to Mediterranean, 208
-, to suggest use against Turk, 211.

case of Galilee recommended to, 212
-, old Galilee thanks, 235, 276.

to present letters of congratulation, 226, 237, 239, 243
-, goes to audience, 243
-, presents letter, asks help against Turk, reply to, 244
-, office commended, 254.

to move for help against Turk, 226, 237
-, to treat for hiring ships, 229
-, treats with two captains, 247-8.

petition to Senate for relief, 239-40, 251
-, begs leave to return home, 240
-, relief refused, 249.

negotiations about levies, 245
-, many persons of rank offer services to, 250
-, Scot offers levy to, 263.

gratuity proposed for, 249
-, Sagredo transmits order to, 270, 272
-, state's satisfaction with, 288.

Fleming speaks to on question of recognition, 250, 255
-, to tell Fleming of desire for understanding, 256.

to cultivate friendly relations with Cromwell, 254
-, to ask for co-operation of Mediterranean squadron, 257
-, taking steps about ambassador, 269
-, speaks to Fleming, 270.

sees Thurloe about help, 257
-, writes to Thurloe, 271
-, to find out designs of Blake's fleet, 272.

jealousy about reception of Genoese minister, 284, 286, 290-1
-, Sagredo blames for action, 293.

Pauw
-, Adrian, sometime Dutch ambassador in England, death of, regretted in England, 42
-, death expected to make Holland more friendly to Charles, 54.

peace :

desire of English ministers for, 54, 108, 126
-, parliament announces readiness for, 57.

desire of English people for, 54, 57, 107.

Leghorn victory may make Dutch reject, 54
-, Dutch eager for, at bottom, 56, 62.

Swiss mission to urge, 57
-, mediation not favoured, 73.

delay of Dutch reply destroys hopes of, 60
-, Boreel's opinion of overtures, 61-2
-, States reply favourably to parliament overtures, 69.

Cromwell makes overtures for, 68
-, Dutch would like delegates appointed to discuss, 73.

great victory expected to make Dutch favour, 75, 79
-, every naval action increases desire for, 82.

failure to get may damage Cromwell's popularity, 82
-, Cromwell's desire for possibly feigned, 83.

Dutch reply about unsatisfactory, Provinces divided, 82
-, States propose to send delegate for, 87.

Cromwell desires to promote own ends, 86
-, he favours strongly, 95.

people submit to taxation in hope of, 89
-, ardently desired, 90.

if made England can send fleet to Mediterranean, 92
-, will allow England and Holland to attend to Turk, 105.

both sides making preparations to facilitate, 93
-, depends on England, 95
-, England may not have another opportunity so favourable, 96.

Dutch commissioners and Council express wish for, 99
-, negotiations expected to proceed, 101.

doubtful because of high demands, 102-3
-, hopes of fluctuate, 106, 156.

hope that States will do part for, 105
-, Texel battle may force Dutch to, 111.

consideration for allies an impediment to, 106, 156.

various opinions about, 130
-, little sign of, 135
-, Fleming sanguine about, 141.

Holland practically declared for, 143
-, party strife may prevent, 195.

earnestly desired by both sides, 144
-, mutiny increases desire for, 146, 148.

commissioners express desire for, 146
-, said to be only trying to gain time, 152.

if made England will expect to be courted by all, 147
-, articles agreed upon, 152
-, easier points settled, 156.

negotiations for regretted in France, 154
-, effect of Chanut's mission on, 156, 158.

negotiations reported at an end, 157
-, dissolution revives hopes of, 161.

change in government makes Cromwell more determined on, 161
-, Cromwell given power to make, 164
-, he desires earnestly, 165, 167, 174, 181-2, 193.

Bordeaux foretells, 167
-, Mazarin tries to break off, 167, 178
-, contradictory reports about, 169.

two of commissioners going to Holland to report on, 169
-, Dutch do not reciprocate desire for, 174.

Protector and Council busy over, 171
-, rupture over question of striking colours, 171-2.

failure would be misfortune for Venice, 172
-, failure may ruin Cromwell, 177-8.

most difficult point about excluding Orange, 173
-, Beverning's arrival revives hopes of, 181.

English eagerness for may make Dutch hang back, 178
-, Beverning's return seems only to gain time, 182.

hopes of failing with return of commissioners, 180
-, prices rise with diminution of hope, 181.

Cromwell resents delay over, 182
-, French plans in Italy would be impeded by, 187
-, danger to France from conclusion, 193.

Cromwell abates demands, 182
-, England agrees to include Denmark in, 191.

Holland and Zeeland accept and use influence to bring rest into line, 183
-, reported ratification, 186-7
-, not confirmed, 189.

troubles in Scotland and Ireland increase desire for, 185
-, anxiety about, vexation at delay, 195.

reported concluded, at Madrid, Spaniards claim credit, 188
-, considered settled, 193.

both sides eager for, but doubtful while Provinces not all agreed, 189
-, absorbs all attention, hopes increased by arrival of commissioners, 191
-, state reception to show desire for, 192.

infallible signs of settlement, 193
-, Cromwell's plans deferred until settled, 194
-, Cromwell presents ultimatum to commissioners, 197.

failure expected to lead to disorders in England, 196
-, settlement likely to increase Cromwell's influence, 202, 209.

on eve of settlement, 197
-, keeps all in suspense, 198, 204.

French take independent line with Dutch about, 199.

Cromwell makes concession about signature, 200
-, articles signed, 202.

delayed by clause concerning Denmark, 201
-, on conclusion fleet may be sent against Denmark, 202
-, terms touching Denmark, 210.

Sweden awaiting issue of, 201
-, French ministers defer negotiations till settled, 204.

once assured, intentions about fleet likely to be known, 205
-, will leave government free to put down insurrection in Scotland, id.

treaty returned from Hague, some hitch about proclamation, 206
-, arranged without clause of alliance, 209
-, terms said to be derogatory for England, 210.

proclamation of, 209-10
-, celebrations of, 211
-, satisfaction over, 214.

universal acclamation of, 209
-, foreign ministers congratulate Cromwell on, 210, 215, 216, 244
-, holiday to celebrate, 220
-, Venice congratulates on, 227.

Venice hopes to take advantage from, 211
-, Tuscan Court pleased at, 213.

reports of, in Spain, 213, 216
-, secret article in against House of Orange, 215, 217
-, divisions caused by, 235.

Dutch needed as much as English, 214
-, civil dissensions may cause them to abide by, 215
-, may cause them to break it, 217
-, Beverning and Jongestal recalled to give account of action over, 245.

leaves Cromwell with idle troops needing employment, 215.

Boreel informs Sagredo of, 218
-, celebrated by English and Dutch at Naples, 229.

Navigation Act not affected by, 225
-, Holland and Zeeland favour, 245.

England will always act with Holland to enforce article in against Orange, 246
-, Holland justifies secret articles in, 248.

Danish indemnity obtained to consolidate, 247.

peers. See nobility.

Pell, John, English agent to Swiss Protestant Cantons, sent quietly and suddenly, 251.

-, -, salary paid to wife during absence, 251n.

Peñalva, conde de. See Meneses, Don Bernardo de.

Peñaranda, conde de. See Bracamonte, Gaspard de.

Peneguiao, count of. See Sa e Menezes, Joao Rodriguez de.

Penn, Pen, William :

escorts colliers to Thames, 63
-, comes into Downs with squadron, 68
-, junction with Monk's fleet, 72.

appointed general at sea, 158
-, comes to confer with Cromwell about destination of fleet, 214.

to have command of second squadron, 258
-, Portsmouth rendezvous for, 260.

reported to have put to sea, 270
-, no time lost by, 271
-, delayed by French proposals, 290.

returns thanks for pay and reports loyalty of fleet, 281
-, to sail next week, destination uncertain, 292.

Perre
-, Paulus van de, Vandeperre, deputy of Zeeland, Dutch commissioner to England, arrival, 93
-, recall expected, 118
-, staying on, 137
-, death, 158
-, death may affect negotiations prejudicially, 161.

Persian Gulf, Dutch capture English ships in, 115n.

Perth, St. John's Town, co. Perth, Scotland, reported capture by rebels, 124.

Petersen, Hans, envoy from Hamburg to England, arrival, 17.

Peru, S. America, Spaniards would not like English to fall in with fleet of, 221.

petition, of innkeepers and tradesmen, for provisioning of London, 16.

petitions, new government expected to give just reply to, 101.

Philip IV., king of Spain, the Catholic king :

wool for taken by English, 1.

engagement of Preston to serve, 14
-, raised over 10,000 men in Ireland, 30.

rewards Cardenas for securing help of English fleet, 33
-, cordial feeling for Commonwealth, 130.

friendship with Charles I., 43
-, Plaiter has commission to go privateering against enemies of, 170.

demands justice about plate seized, 52
-, Cardenas attaches goods as being property of, 76
-, sends Paules to England about goods seized, 78
-, orders concession about plate, 94.

desires peace to help Venice in war, 83
-, Condé assured of regard for interests, 192.

wool of, seized by Richaut for debt, 148
-, released by order of Council, 161
-, reprisals threatened over, 236.

St. Anna personal property of, 156
-, menace of England and Holland united against dominions of, 188.

letters of congratulation for Cromwell expected from, 192
-, Cardenas' efforts on behalf of, 203
-, desires harmonious relations with England, 236.

Egmont appeals to Cromwell against, 207
-, gets hold of French offers to Cromwell, 233.

Dutch offer subsidy to, to exclude English from Flanders, 225.

appoints ambassador extraordinary to Cromwell, 253
-, Cromwell demands payment of Irish levies from, 268.

orders best of treatment for Blake's squadron, 285
-, ready to subsidise Blake's fleet, 286
-, Blake reports courtesies received from minsters of, 292.

Phillips, Col. Robert, committed to Tower for treason, 118.

Phœnix, English frigate :

Dutch merchantmen in fear of, 4
-, English will not restore, 22-3, 32, 40.

Badiley nervous because of, 4
-, Vangalen seizes English tin in revenge for, 26
-, Dutch will not compromise about, 28.

Vangalen's threats about, 36
-, Dutch remonstrate with Grand Duke about, 221.

Pichinotti, Andrea, wool for Spain in name of, 1.

Piedmont, Italy, French army for, on the road, 213.

Pignoranda. See Bracamonte, Gaspard de, conde de Peñaranda.

pikes, sent from Hague to Highlanders, 149.

Pimentel Antonio de, Spanish ambassador in Sweden, procures alliance of Sweden with England, 23.

piracy, inclination of French to, 287.

pirates :

fleet to clear Mediterranean of, 209, 228, 246, 250
-, raid on Cancale attributed to, 215.

rendered more daring by England's preoccupation with Dutch war, 228.

Pisa
-, [Prov. Pisa, Italy], Badiley goes to 4
-, Prince Mathias speaks with Badiley and Vangalen at, 7
-, Court leaves for Leghorn, 6.

pitch
-, cargoes of, seized by Dutch in Sound, 5
-, English capture cargoes of, 96.

Plaiter, Col., English gentleman, has commission from Don John to go privateering for king of Spain, 170.

plate, Spanish. See San Salvador.

plot, conspiracy :

to murder Cromwell on return from Hampton Court, 219
-, Cromwell much disturbed by, precautions, 230.

measures to root out mischief, 222
-, examinations and arrests, 224
-, depositions of arrested increase Cromwell's fears, 227.

Cromwell accused of inventing, 222
-, said to have been contrived by Mazarin, 227-8, 230, 232
-, leads to dismissal of Baas, French closely watched, 231.

High Court of Justice to try those concerned in, 230
-, trial opened, 233
-, object of conspirators as shown by evidence, 236.

Baas informed Cromwell of, when knew discovered, 232
-, Charles sent away to appease Cromwell's wrath about, 235.

Spanish government concerned at news of, 233
-, two of ringleaders put to death, 239.

Plymouth, co. Devon, St. Anna taken into, 146n.

Pol, Polo. See Paul.

Poland :

Dutch go to for tin, 27.

new government modelled on that of, 90.

Radziciowski will incite Turks to attack, 103, 147.

-, King of. See John II. Casimir.

-, Vice-Chancellor of. See Radziciowski, Hieronimo.

Pont a Mousson, Musson [Meurthe, France], despatches dated at, 240-1, 243.

Poole, Paole, Captain Jonas, commander of the Leopard :

sent to Venice about English ships, 7
-, Paulucci to be informed of mission, 13
-, Sarotti informed of, 15
-, Paulucci informed, 39.

commissioners to meet, 14.

pope, commonwealth prepared to treat with, 99.

-, See Innocent X.

Porte. See Turkey.

Portland, co. Dorset :

battle of, 34-5, 37, 148n
-, victory may facilitate peace, 42
-, Senate regrets slaughter in, 47.

Dutch claim as victory, 48
-, Boreel informs French court of, 50.

reference to, 51
-, report of, at Florence, 53.

Porto Ferraio, island of, Elba, Italy :

Badiley concentrates at, 22, 36
-, munitions sent from Leghorn to English ships at, 32.

squadron comes out from, 40-1
-, proposal to move English goods from Leghorn to, 70
-, troops sent to reinforce garrison of, 258.

Porto Longone
-, Longone, island of, Elba, Italy, English ships at to arm for war, 4
-, Badiley leaves for Leghorn, 4
-, Badiley removes ships from, 22, 32
-, proposal to move English goods from Leghorn to, 70.

Portsmouth, co. Hants :

frigates forced back into, 12
-, Sussex blows up at, 165n.

troops marched to, to embark on fleet, 255
-, Penn's squadron to assemble off, 260
-, troops embarked at, 286.

Portugal :

admits claims for compensation for damage done by Rupert, 2, 6
-, settlement with probable, 6
-, will have to pay dear, 101, 112.

great advantages expected from alliance with, 3
-, need of troops, 31.

Bruin wishes to keep English from listening to, 23.

peace with ratified, permission to raise levies and hire ships, 47
-, need for correspondence with England, 78.

Mazarin negotiating alliance with France and Holland, 50
-, English lie in wait for Dutch ships from, 62.

report of peace with, 84
-, no particulars of, 86
-, change of government brings peace nearer, 87-8
-, bent on settlement, 88
-, peace with nearly concluded, 101
-, considered settled, 107
-, negotiations at standstill, 128.

have made payment on account, pressed for balance, 107
-, bills drawn not accepted, 128.

would favour English attack on Spanish dominions, 108
-, Spaniards hope to be free to attack by English attacking France, 216.

landing of Irish in Galicia causes stir on frontier, 132.

Pantaleone affair to embitter relations with, 174
-, talk of using fleet against, 209.

Dutch needed peace because of threat from, 214
-, ratification of treaty expected from, 223
-, treaty signed, 238
-, ambassador awaiting instructions from, 253.

execution of Sa may lead to rupture with, 238, 254
-, price of peace with, 268.

anxiety in Spain over relations of northern powers with, 256.

-, King of. See John IV.

-, prince of. See Theodosius.

Portuguese :

affray with at Exchange, 153
-, excitement in London over, 156
-, two have sentence commuted, 238.

Plaiter has letters of marque against, 170
-, Dutch and English seem inclined to act in concert against, 239.

Powell, Vavasour, preacher, attack on Cromwell, arrested, 169.

Prague [Czechoslavakia], despatches dated at, 8, 24, 28.

preachers :

advocate Cromwell taking crown, 81
-, to offer thanksgiving for Gabbard victory, 89
-, and for Texel victory, 117.

advocate king's cause in Scotland, 125, 130
-, some punished, 130
-, fan flames of revolt, 186.

some suggest nomination of a king, 155
-, attacks on Cromwell by, 169.

nominated, parliament proposes to dispense with public, 160.

favour alliance with Dutch, 167
-, two arrested and sent to Windsor, 187
-, speak of fleet for Mediterranean against infidel, 220.

Presbyterianism, obstacle to mediation by Swiss, 82.

Presbyterians :

parliament puts down meeting of, 9.

army resents growing power of, 12
-, proclamation banishing religions aimed at, 21
-, efforts of Anabaptists to discredit, 160.

move to propose peace to Dutch, 42
-, may be called Lutherans, 160.

numerous in new parliament, 236, 241
-, Cromwell accused of displacing clergy, 282
-, army demand aimed at, 289.

President of the Council
-, See Lawrence, Henry
-, Montagu, Edward.

press, expresses disapproval of parliament, 68.

Preston
-, Thomas, viscount Tara, engagement to serve Spain, 14
-, offers levy to Venice, 116
-, objection to offer, 129
-, conditional acceptance, 134-5.

-, -, son of, will serve with levy, 117.

prices
-, constantly rising through numbers of soldiers and sailors, 122
-, increased since hopes of peace declined, 181.

priests
-, religious, banished from England, 9
-, proclamation aimed against Presbyterians, 21.

printers, London, imprisoned for libels on Cromwell, 139.

prisoners, Dutch :

brought to London, 91
-, marched through city, 93
-, taken in Texel battle, 114
-, paraded through London, 117
-, exchange of effected, 137.

Irish, Ireland relieved by deportation of, 119
-, sent to Orkneys, 198
-, Venice considers levy of, 229
-, numbers not so large as represented, 245.

Scottish, Venice considers levy of, 229
-, numbers not so large as represented, 245.

Priuli, Girolamo, Savio alla Mercanzia, 195.

-, Tomaso, Savio alla Mercanzia, 11.

privateers. See corsairs.

prize money, sailors mutiny for, 145.

proclamations :

banishing priests and Jesuits, 9, 21.

on mutiny of sailors and prize money, 145.

acts of parliament must be submitted to Protector and Council, 168.

defining crime of high treason, 179-80.

of peace with Dutch, 209-10.

of Monk at Edinburgh, offering pardon and reward for ringleaders, 219.

Cromwell signs, in royal fashion, 193.

prodigies, supposed to indicate coming change, 185.

Protectorate, government :

fear and suspicion manifest at first ceremony of, 168
-, Venetian congratulations on, 177.

ten persons arrested for drinking to confusion of, 188
-, Lilburne found with MS. prejudicial to, 217.

if peace made will do something worthy of its strength, 189.

recognition by France welcomed, 200
-, sea captains reluctant to serve, 248.

Cromwell determined shall not share fate of monarchy, 212
-, increasing disaffection renders continuance impossible, 217
-, majority of nation against, 222.

weakened by absence of best troops in Scotland, 220
-, increasing unpopularity of, 236
-, extreme jealousy and reserve in conducting business, 247.

demands acknowledgment from Spain for services at Dunkirk, 253.

aversion of Scots and majority of English from, 261
-, certain to be attacked if Cromwell and army quarrel, 265.

becoming more and more consolidated, 270-1
-, parliament proposes to make hereditary, 273.

will attend to despatch of embassies, 271
-, friendly advances to, from every side, 274
-, decision of Venice to recognise, 288.

parliament prefers to make elective, 275.

de Haro expects the savage beast to be devouring itself, 276.

increasing turmoil of, 276-7
-, independent attitude upon appointment of ministers to foreign powers, 291-2.

Protestant powers, union of, contrasted with disunion of Catholics, 218.

Protestantism :

Cromwell causes all candidates to take oath of, 183.

Cromwell says fleet ready to support cause of, 267.

Protestants, Southworth won sympathy of, 234.

- See also Huguenots.

Provence, France, Guise's fleet retires in disorder to, 291.

Puritans, Anabaptists may exceed excesses of, 289.



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