Index
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Institute of Historical Research

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Allen B. Hinds (editor)

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1930

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374-383

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'Index: N', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 30: 1655-1656 (1930), pp. 374-383. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=89840 Date accessed: 23 November 2014.


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Nan, Richard, of London, supercargo of Merchant Delight, deposition concerning Blake's fleet, 49–60.

Nani, Giovanni Battista, Venetian Ambassador in Germany, despatches to Senate, 149, 153, 156, 165, 170, 181–2, 186, 188, 192, 196, 199, 202, 205, 219, 232, 251, 275, 278–9, 287, 289, 294.

Nantwich, state ship, in fleet for south, 219.

Naples [Prov. Napoli, Italy]:
-, letters dated at, 4, 7, 13, 21, 24, 29, 33, 49, 59, 68, 84, 87, 95, 98, 123, 127, 131, 154, 162.
-, Venetian instructions to representative at, 1, 27, 34, 62.
-, news of French landing at, 2; French plans for attack on, 9; revival of French designs on, 21; Viceroy informed of plans against, 24.
-, Blake's reception at, 3, 129; reason why Blake went to, 5, 9; Blake's call at, 16; ship from Blake at, 67.
-, English ships left at, 3, 5, 7, 13; English merchants at hurriedly closing business, 29, 67, 92, 95.
-, hiring of English ships at, forming numerous squadrons, 27.
-, concern in, at Blake's departure from Cadiz, 87.
-, English ship brings cloth to. to exchange for silk, 98; English at ask permission to trade, refused, 154.
-, English merchants at, required to present discharges, 123; then houses searched and goods and papers seized, 127; some who had left return to, 131.
-, Flemings take up business of English at, 162.
-, Viceroy asks Germans for defence of, 202; fleet said to be going to, 204.

-, English consul at, 21.

-, Viceroy of. See Avellando y Haro, Don Garcia de, conde de Castrillo.

Naseby, Great Oliver, Nesbi, state ship, ready for launching, 36; launch of, particulars of ship, 48; rumours about unseaworthiness baseless, 191; Admiral's ship in fleet for south, 219; Montagu returns in, 280.

Nassau, Landgrave Frederick of, Rupert confers with, 90.

Naussesses. See Neuchese.

Navigation Act, nature and effect of provisions, 157.

navy, the English, fleet, state ships, superiority of ships to Dutch, 303; yearly cost of, 306; ships rule the sea and lay down the law wherever they go, 308.
-, 1655:
-,-, active building for, 2, 8, 35, 36, 48; many ships left at home ready for service, 5, 19.
-,-, French on guard against attack from, 6; constant toll from French shipping, 27.
-,-, Dutch measures against surprise by, 7.
-,-, satisfaction given to officers and men, 8; parliament accused of reducing pay, 17.
-,-, new taxes for support of, 25, 158.
-,-, ships ready to sail for Guinea, 26; thirty new ships ready for sea, 35; Nasebylaunched, new one to be begun, 48.
-,-, sailors taken from merchantmen to man, 35–6.
-,-, Cromwell may need to cope with internal troubles, 37; Cromwell realises need of being strongest, 48; new colossal ship invented, 137.
-,-, frigates take ship from Brittany, 66.
-,-, frigate takes Lede to Flanders, 76; Sagredo struck by power of ships, 112, 137.
-,-, balance of Vaudois collection will probably be devoted to, 87.
-,-, Spaniards propose alliance with Dutch against, 88.
-,-, Cromwell considering the provisioning and reinforcing of, 100.
-,-, disaffected troops distributed in, 113; expedition to Indies to find employment for, 133.
-,-, Venice hopeful of getting squadron against Turk, 131; Cromwell urged to send against Turk, 136, 159; Venice wants war ship, 139; wants a squadron, 145, 149.
-,-, might have been sent against Cyprus, 137; Dutch fear exercising right of search, 155.
-,-, over 100 ships being armed, 140; Spain, not strong enough to beat, seeks Dutch help, 146.
-,-, sequestration of English goods result of action of, 144.
-,-, busy preparations for war with Spain, 147, 155, 159, 163–4, 167, 169.
-,-, two frigates capture privateer, 160; Dunkirker taken by, 187.
-, 1656:
-,-, ships ready to sail for Spain, 163; first squadron for Strait, second for Indies, 164; first fleet ready, its strength, 171, 175.
-,-, equipment hindered by lack of seamen, 164; will have war worn reinforcements, 165; impressment of sailors for, 180.
-,-, Dutch fear molestation by, in Spanish war, 167; twelve ships to sail for Indies, 178.
-,-, preparations directed to capture of plate fleet, 170.
-,-, forty ships offered to Sweden, 170, 176; ship to take Coyet, 214.
-,-, convenience of Portugal for, 172.
-,-, suggested attack in Italy with French, 172; Giavarina to find out about, 173, 188, 192; Cromwell engages to keep squadron in Mediterranean, 176.
-,-, reinforcements reach Indies, attack on Cartagena, 174; orders for fresh ships for Indies, 191.
-,-, ship to take Sagredo over, 177, 187, 191.
-,-, alarm about in Biscay, 183; Grand Duke says Spanairds and Dutch should unite against, 193.
-,-, Sweden asks for ships, for Baltic, 186; granted, terms, 190; proposed squadron for Baltic, 249.
-,-, squadron to be kept at disposition of France, for Italy, 188; Venice anxious to know of proposed union with French, 192.
-,-, French to co-operate with against Atlantic seaboard of Spain, 193; desirable that should go against Turk, 206.
-,-, excise increased to meet cost of, 194; church lands resold to pay for, 211.
-,-, frigates sent out to check Dunkirkers, 194, 211; strong squadron to patrol Strait, 200.
-,-, fear of ships deserting to Charles, 200; squadrons to blockade Dunkirk and Ostend, 225, 231, 234; probably to join with French, 232; squadron sent, 248.
-,-, Reuter held up by squadron off Dover, 210.
-,-, heavy taxation for maintenance, 214; heavy losses in ships and men through war with Spain, 249–50.
-,-, captures Dunkirkers and frigate of S. Sebastian, 222; engagement with Dunkirkers, Admiral sunk, 234; frigate destroyed by Dunkirkers, 239.
-,-, strong squadron for Jamaica, 224; reinforcements for Indies, 250, 280.
-,-, troops collected for squadron against Dunkirk, 236, 248.
-,-, more ships preparing against Dunkirk, 248–9, 252; feluccas of help to render blockade efficient, 255.
-,-, Ostend also blockaded by, 255.
-,-, small frigates bull for postal service to Lisbon, 267; eight frigates sent to Coruña, 288.
-,-, decision to equip another and larger fleet, 273; cost to be met by Spanish gold, 279; many more ships in commission than in Dutch war, 288.
-,-, success published to induce people to pay for, 274.
-,-, money to be raised by confiscations to pay sailors of, 279, 281.
-,-, proposed squadron to intercept trade between Peru and Mexico, 288.
-,-, Dutch suspected of intending to protect Spaniards against, 293.
-, fleet in Mediterranean:
-,-, Venice wishes to have particulars of, 1; Grand Duke's views upon, 3, 10–11.
-,-, apprehension at Rome about, 3; Monaco alarmed about, 6; conjecture about objects of 8, 14, 16, 19, 21.
-,-, expected to go to Barbary, 3; news expected of, 5,; going to Trapani, 7.
-,-, ships left at Naples, 3, 5, 7, 13; severity of Blake with, 10; Blake does not take captains into confidence, 29.
-,-, money granted by Spaniards for, 3–4; effect on negotiations with France, 18.
-,-, expected encounter with French, 5, 9; instructions upon, 6; Neuchese takes refuge from in Lisbon, 9, 21.
-,-, arrives at Leghorn, 5; staying there, takes French ships. 9–10; and Spanish too, 13.
-,-, talk of Penn going to join, 8, 12; frigates sent after pirates, 19; captures two merchantmen, 21.
-,-, particulars of, 10; supplies preparing for, 16; Venice wishes to be advised of movements, 34.
-,-, sails from Leghorn, but returns, 14; sails in easterly direction, 19.
-,-, said to have left for Barbary, 21, 26, 33; reported near Tunis, 39; Nan's report of, 49–50.
-,-, general anxiety about proceedings, 21; denied entry to port of Sicily, 33; reported recall, 37.
-,-, engages and takes French ship, 39; Dutch fleet intended to protect trade against, 59.
-,-, Cromwell inclined to keep in Mediterranean, 46; to remain off Barbary coast and insist on claims, 58.
-,-, reinforcements and supplies for, 46; ship not returning to, 67.
-,-, account of victory at Porto Farina, 49; success confirmed, to remain and watch French, 59; satisfaction at success, 61; Blake's report of success, 63; increasing advantage shown by further news, 66.
-,-, may go against Savoy, 63, 68; at Cadiz for refreshments, 84.
-,-, may be sent to Levant to prevent violence by Turks, 66; near Strait, waiting to see what Turks do, 76.
-,-, sailing to Cadiz to intercept galleons, 69: proceeds towards Cadiz, 71, 83; leaves Cadiz, off Cape St. Vincent, 74.
-,-, English families in Spain taken on board, 71, 87; sickness broken out in, 78, 82.
-,-, Spanish suspicions of evil intent, 71; reported capture of Almirante di Cartagena, 74.
-,-, Medina Celi sends patache to observe, gone from St. Vincent, 78; off Portugal, 81, 90, 92, 98.
-,-, ships careened at Lagos, 81, 84; Portuguese ready to grant what needed for, 84; abundantly supplied by Portugal, 90, 98.
-,-, particulars of, 82; six ships sent back to London, 88, 90; back in Thames, 101.
-,-, ministers at Naples concerned at departure from Cadiz, 87; return to sight of Cadiz, excitement caused by, 92, 96.
-,-, likely to be used against plate fleet, 89, 91; reported capture of ship in advance of, 92.
-,-, Contreras to go out and take station by, 93, 96 abandons station when Spaniards come out, 104.
-,-, large ship brings supplies to, 96; reinforcements for, 101–2, 105, 110; large sums needed for, 126.
-,-, lying in wait for plate fleet, 103.
-,-, reported off Lisbon, 104; off Portugal, 108, 110, 123; stormy weather will drive from station, 110; enters Lisbon, 114.
-,-, prayers for success, 105–6; Spanish ambassador's account of, 127.
-,-, mingled with Spanish fleet, 108; Spaniards will not fight, 110–1; talk of fighting Spaniards with Portuguese help, 117.
-,-, at Cascaes, ships being careened in relays, 117, 120; sudden return to Downs, 126; reported dismantling, 131.
-, fleet for W. Indies:
-,-, sailing of first portion, 5; sailing of body of fleet, 5n.
-,-, conjectures about employment, 5, 12, 51; talk of going to join Blake, 8, 12.
-,-, Cardenas reports ready to sail, 10; probably not far off, 15.
-,-, to secure island in W. Indies, 18; expected to strike heavy blow, 20; Spaniards confounded by, 30.
-,-, effect on negotiations with France, 18; Lede's mission unlikely to divert, 33, will not be diverted by Conde's offer, 39; Lede to check, 56.
-,-, supposed reinforcements for, 26; reinforcements and supplies for, 46, 66, 76, 79, 83, 85, 98, 101–2, 106.
-,-, Cromwell wrote to king of Spain, before sailing of, 34.
-,-, reported at Todos los Santos, 37; talk of attack on St. Kitts, 38.
-,-, reported near Cuba, 39; preparing attack and to intercept plate fleet, 46, 51.
-,-, near Barbados, 55–6; seizing all French and Dutch ships, 56, 61; reported in good order near S. Domingo, 75.
-,-, Spanish galleons said to have escaped, 60; Cromwell sorry send so far away, 85.
-,-, expected to attack Spanish main, 61; English count on assured advantages from, 69.
-,-, proposed Spanish payment to divert from W. Indies, 66.
-,-, arrival published in America, 79; reported capture of S. Domingo, 80, 86.
-,-, rumours of reverse to, 86; letters from Barbados confirm, 91; Spanish account of, 108.
-,-, said to have gone to Nombre di Dios, 89; Spanish satisfaction at failure, 104.
-,-, outcry certain if achieves no conquests, 91; more who rejoice than are sorry for disaster to, 94, 109.
-,-, captures Jamaica,97,106;fear of weakness of, 97–8; heavy mortality in, 110.
-,-, would have won more glory hi Levant, 103; prayers for success, 106; Spanish ambassador's account of, 127.
-,-, return, of 16 ships of, 109; reported dismantling, 131.
-,-, enquiry into failure, recriminations between leaders, 118; plate fleet evades, 144.
-,-, new fleet for, with Monk in command, 119, 134, 137; to attack S. Domingo, 168.
-, grand fleet of 1656:
-,-, fully equipped, 175; measures to obtain sailors, 175, 180; cost of, 178; Senate wishes to know designs in Italy, 179, 188.
-,-, commanders of, 178, 180; particulars of, 180; Desborough to go with, 180.
-,-, delayed for lack of supplies, 179–80; at anchor 25 miles from London, many visit, 180; still at anchor, 184, 187.
-,-, to attack Spanish ports, possibly Porto Longone, 181; alarm at Rome about, 182, 185.
-,-, to gather at Portsmouth for sailing, 184; destination uncertain, 187; steps to keep secret, 187.
-,-, frigate burned, 184; rumours against Naseby baseless, 191.
-,-, no commissions for joint undertaking with French, 190; will treat Portuguese as enemies if peace not ratified, 191.
-,-, supposed secret orders for landings, 190; expected not to sail until Bordeaux's return, 196.
-,-, sails from Portsmouth, 191, 197; driven back by storms, sails again, 197; driven back again, at Torbay, 201.
-,-, said to be destined for Indies, 196; pope asks particulars of, 198.
-,-, fast and prayers for success of, 197; reported capture of plate fleet, 207.
-,-, safe arrival of plate fleet leaves little to do in Strait, 198; Spain informed that more formidable than in the past, 203.
-,-, concern in Rome about, 198–9, 202; various opinions about, 204.
-,-, sails from Torbay, 204; no news of, 208–9; reported at Lisbon, 213; additional troops put on board secretly, 225.
-,-, pope in fear of attack by, 205, 218; galleys will leave when fear of, removed, 219.
-,-, reported orders to attack Portuguese, 207; in Portugal, uncertainty and unpreparedness in Spain, 209.
-,-, ordered to attack Cadiz, 208, 210; Cadiz need not fear, 210; takes station off Cadiz, 213, 215; blockades port, 216.
-,-, ports offered to, in Italy, 214, 217; Vico to get news of, 226.
-,-, fresh commissions sent to, 216; probably not to attack Brazil fleet, 217; Portuguese fear of action against fleet, 243.
-,-, list of ships and captains, 219–20; supposed designs on African ports of Spain, 223.
-,-, does nothing, people of Cadiz jeer at, 221; only 14 ships left off Cadiz, 230; 10 off Cadiz, 232; idle off Cadiz, 238.
-,-, may be recalled against Dunkirkers, 222; report intended to alarm Dutch, 225.
-,-, reported capture of Gibraltar, 224; not confirmed, 227; ten ships pass Strait, 230.
-,-, takes Dutch ships with plate for Spaniards, 224, 245; takes ship with quicksilver, 286.
-,-, reported reverse in Barbary, 227; heavy ships sent back to England, 232; gone to Africa for water, 233.
-,-, two ships enter Alicante but driven off, 230; divided into three squadrons, 233, 249; because of differences between commanders, 244.
-,-, despatches from reach Cromwell, 231; kept very secret, 234–5; blockading Spanish ports, 241.
-,-, body of, in Portugal, 232, leaves Cadiz, 239; showed powerlessness to take it, 240.
-,-, reported order to return as can do nothing, 236, 241; to remain out till parliament meets, 241.
-,-, Spanish galleys go out to attack, saved by calm, 238; Cromwell reports fight with Spaniards, 244.
-,-, informed of accommodation with Portugal, 244; to be kept in Spanish waters through winter, 249–50, 252.
-,-, resumes station off Cadiz, 245; attack on Malaga, 256.
-,-, Sanson stopped by, off Cadiz, 245; supplies sent to, 277; reinforcements sent to, 283, 296.
-,-, news of, late in coming, eagerness for, 245; supply ship for, captured, attempt to recover, 248.
-,-, fictitious reports about, 249; squadron of gone to Africa for release of slaves, 252, 256.
-,-, expected recall, 252; because of cost, 253; not seen after capture of galleons, 268.
-,-, Spaniards made confident by languid proceedings of, 253; Spaniards collect squadron at Cadiz against, 257, 281.
-,-, no news of, anxiety about, 267; capture of plate galleons by, 265; news sent by commanders, 271–2; victory celebrated, 273.
-,-, ordered to watch coasts and harass shipping, 277; Montagu to rejoin and lie in wait for new fleet, 280, 288.
-,-, four frigates from, bring prize to Portsmouth, 280; reported stress in storm, 286.
-,-, supplies sent to every week, 286; powerful squadron to join, at Cadiz, 296.
-,-, to fight Ruyter if assists Spaniards, 296.

Neapolitans, at Rome, comment on Blake's reserve, 3.

Negri, Antonio di, Venetian Resident at Zurich, despatches to the Senate, 31, 68, 73, 90, 99, 105, 117, 120, 123, 126, 131, 135, 173, 186, 188.

Nesbi. See Naseby.

Netherlands, Dutch, High Mightinesses, Holland, States, United Provinces, United States of Holland:
-, Navigation Act aimed at, 157; English disputes with over sea affairs, 309.
-, Alcock in service of, 208; blockade of Dunkirk was unsuccessful, 225.
-, heavy cost of English war to, 303; parliamentarians divided spoils of among themselves, 304; Cromwell's method of bringing to terms, and peace with, 305.
-, Grand Duke has to pay for partiality to, 308.
-, 1655:
-,-, decision to arm ships, 7; Charles said to have left, for England, 30.
-,-, Sultan sending to, for warships, 10; Mazarin sends to, to buy warships, 42, 44.
-,-, Charles returns to, 38; require Gloucester to leave, to avoid offending Cromwell, 59.
-,-, annoyed at seizure of ships in W. Indies, 61; Spaniards propose alliance with against English, 88, 104, 146, 153.
-,-, support may win clemency for Vaudois, 77; more deputies expected from, about Vaudois, 99.
-,-, nervous of Swedish arrangements with England, 100; not pleased at war between England and Spain, 146.
-,-, English buy merchantmen from to arm, 101.
-,-, place for trade granted to English in, 118; five ambassadors extraordinary sent from, 155.
-,-, particulars of plague in, 134.
-,-, Venetian regard for, 151, 154; Venetian attitude to ambassadors of, 152, 154; treatment of ambassadors in France, 152; included in Anglo French peace, 157.
-,-, alarm at power of Cromwell, 153; fear of English claiming right of search, 155.
-,-, fear of Sweden imposing tolls at Baltic, 155–6, 171.
-,-, very apprehensive of union of France with Cromwell, 157; English footing in Flanders would alarm, 157.
-,-, close negotiations with Spaniards, 156.
-, 1656:
-,-, embassy to Spain in interest of peace, 163; to promote peace between crowns, 166.
-,-, mission from Denmark to, for union against England, 165; fear of molestation in Anglo Spanish war, 167; missions to Brandenburg, Denmark and Sweden, 171; settlement with Brandenburg, 192.
-,-, arrival of plate fleet reported in, 169; anxious about safety of plate fleet, 186.
-,-, English ships offered to Sweden a menace to, 170; shock to by Sweden imposing toll at Baltic, 175.
-,-, perturbed by Anglo Swedish relations, 170; union of England and Sweden directed against, 182.
-,-, talk of joining in league against Spain, 173; Spaniards urge to make alliance, 182.
-,-, grant pecuniary aid to Swiss Protestants, 173–4; will help turn scales in favour of Lutheranism, 178.
-,-, completely dominate E. Indian waters, 175; always fear of fresh disputes with England, 223.
-,-, Cromwell complains of selling ships to Spain, 184; wish to open confidential relations with Vienna, 186.
-,-, fear of Anglo French action in Flanders, 186; union with Spaniards required to counterpoise English, 193.
-,-, ambassadors from, expected at Zurich, 186.
-,-, circumspection of, only offer mediation to Danzig, 192; aggrieved by Swedes taking ships in Baltic, 202.
-,-, may not sell ships to Spain for fear of offending English, 195.
-,-, take English ships for Portugal, 198; seizure of ships by Blake may lead to trouble with, 246–7.
-,-, Cromwell proposes alliance to, 202; he wants to induce to declare against Spain, 204.
-,-, convoy of plate for Spaniards offence to England, 217; may cause English to break with, 217–8; talk of recalling fleet intended to alarm, 225.
-,-, detention of plate by, would dissipate fear of joining Spaniards, 218; decide on neutrality in the war, 244.
-,-, remonstrance against claim to search, 223; resentment against claim, 225; differences with Cromwell over, 232.
-,-, negotiating maritime treaty with England, 225, 246, 255, 259; commissioners meet about, 234.
-,-, English ships for taken by Dunkirkers, 228.
-,-, England must avoid disputes with, 228; suggest commissioners for visiting ships mutually, 232.
-,-, outside alliance with Sweden but likely to be included, 231.
-,-, complain to Brussels about capture of ship escorting English, 234.
-,-, Cromwell wants to hear excuses for carrying Spanish plate, 246; no longer able to do so, 289; suspicion of intention to escort plate, 293, 296.
-,-, some urge revenge, but helpless with fleet committed to Baltic, 247; recall ships from Baltic, 269.
-,-, seem committed to war with Sweden over Danzig, 248; treat Cromwell's letter with contempt, 269.
-,-, petition to Cromwell upon outrages in Indies, 260; mission to postponed, 295.
-,-, adjustment with Sweden, attributed to English influence, 269; Gamara presses to take action against English, 293.
-,-, representations to against ships serving Turks, 285; will give frill satisfaction, 292, 297.
-,-, will take no rash action but may be lured by gain to help Spain, 293; war with England seems imminent, to advantage of neither, 296–7.
-,-, Meadowe going to, to cultivate friendly relations, 293; feel more kindly to Charles, may help him, 297.
-,-, proclamation forbidding sale of wool to foreigners will injure seriously, 294.
-,-, Spaniards talk of consigning Dunkirk to, 297.
-, Council of:
-,-, Cromwell claims to have English agent in, 234.
-, flag of, used by English ship, at S. Lucar, 84.
-, fleet of:
-,-, 40 ships prepared to go to Portugal, 7; squadron to sail under Opdam, 44.
-,-, squadron for Mediterranean to protect trade against English, 59; appearance off Cadiz, 96; sent to bridle corsairs, 130.
-,-, ships equipped as precaution, in Anglo Spanish war, 167; fifty ships preparing for Baltic, 170, 178; States asked to keep back, 219; anxiety in England about, 234.
-,-, captures and sinks Turkish corsairs, 175; squadron held up off Dover for search, 210.
-,-, Sagredo crossed in ship of, 177n.
-,-, Cromwell wants to obtain ships of, for own service, 204.
-,-, 40 ships being equipped, 225; squadron of 22 ships sent to face Swedes, 231.
-,-, escort of for English merchantmen, overcome, 228; complaint to Brussels about, 234.
-,-, committed to Baltic, 247; talk of sending English squadron to confront in Baltic, 249; ships recalled, from Baltic, 269; will be sent against Barbary pirates, 270, 277, 286, 292–3; Giavarina commends idea, 285–6; on way to Strait, 296.
-,-, Blake to fight if helps Spaniards, 296.
-, merchants of. See merchants, Dutch.
-, ships of. See ships, Dutch.
-, States General of:
-,-, suspend Beverningh, 7; borrow to pay for war with England, 41.
-,-, representations to against harbouring Charles, 41; determination that Gloucester must go, 59.
-,-, decide to send out squadron under Opdam, 44; decision to have fleet in.Mediterranean, 59.
-,-, makes difficulties about selling ships, 44; complaint to, of selling ships to Spain, 184.
-,-, Cromwell writes to, about trading mart, 118.
-,-, and title of excellency, 154–5, 181; Nieuport asks permission, to return, 250.
-,-, Baltic fleet instructed to uphold claims against Sweden, 178; asked to keep back this fleet, 219.
-,-, should prohibit export of Spanish plate and claim it for debts due, 218.
-,-, Cromwell asks for declaration between them and Spain, 234; Cromwell demands compensation from for ships taken by Dunkirkers, 260; make no reply, 269; give all satisfaction desired, 272.
-,-, pleasure at Venetian victory, 270.

-, the Spanish. See Flanders.

Neuburg, Count Palatine of. See Philip William.

Neuchese, Naussesses, de Neussesses, Commander de:
-, Blake has instructions to fight, 6; twice takes refuge in Lisbon, 9.
-, tries to propitiate English, 6; reaches Toulon at last, 21.

New England, talk of sending fleet to, 110.

Newbury, Noubery, state ship, in fleet for south, 219.

Newcastle, state ship, in fleet to south, 220.

Newcastle on Tyne, hostmen of demand increased lighterage, 210–1; Council decides against. 211n; coal from, for Amsterdam, 228n.

Newdegate, Richard, justice, resignation of, 72.

Newfoundland, Terra Nova, N. America, ship from seized at S. Lucar, 123.

Nicholas, Sir Edward, secretary to Charles II., king speaks to of betrayal, 169.

Nieuport [Prov. W. Flanders, Belgium], French to assist Cromwell to capture, 176.

Nieuport, Willem, Dutch ambassador in England:
-, prevents breaking off of negotiations with France, 58.
-, visits Sagredo, 130; difference with Sagredo about title, 151–2, 154, 163, 181.
-, informs Sagredo of Dutch embassies, for peace, 154–5; presses for rides about right of search, put off, 155; demands restitution of ship, 157; complains of molestation of ships, 163.
-, jealous of negotiations with Bond, 180; secretary of sent to Hague, 199; returns within a week, 204.
-, Cromwell complains to, of sale of ships to Spain, 184; Cromwell complains to of seizure of ships for Portugal; 198.
-, to see Cromwell about alliance against Spain, 204; negotiations with for naval treaty, 234, 246, 250, 255, 259–60.
-, reports Alcock's suicide, 208; to return home when treaty arranged, 250; hitch in delays return, 255.
-, reply to Cromwell's demand why Dutch arming, 234; congratulations on Venetian success, 270.
-, sees Cromwell and gets four ships restored, 247.
-, says ships from Baltic will be sent against Barbary corsairs, 269–70, 277, 292.
-, representations to against use of ships by Turks, 278, 285; impressed and promises to write, 285; assurances of satisfaction, 292, 297.
-, Giavarina encourages idea of squadron against Barbary pirates, 285–6.

Nightingale, state ship, Patience captured by, 67n.

Nixon, Nixston, Robert, commander of the Worcester, 220.

nobility, peers, persons of rank:
-, Charles counts on assistance from, 30; government will not regret loss of, 52.
-, Cromwell has arrested, 72, 75, 79, 82, 91; Cromwell means to ruin, 79; reason for arrests, 91.
-, many reduced to vagabondage, 82; obliges to contribute to support Cromwell's power, 83; pay ¾ of goods to state, 141; prevented from helping Charles by Cromwell's activity, 284.
-, will not attend reception of ambassadors, 93.
-, some with Charles in Flanders, 273.
-, wealthiest in the world, 306; Cromwell unable to trust, 307; scattered about the country, missed by London, 308.

Nombre de Dios [Mexico, X. America], reported landing near, 89.

Normandy, France, strict watch kept in against English, 6.

Norwich, state ship, to take Coyet across, 214; lands him at Schevening, 215n.

Nostra Senora del Socorro, of San Sebastian, captured, 222.

Noubery. See Newbury.

Nun Appleton, near Selby, co. York, Fairfax residing at, 302.

nuncios, papal. See under ambassadors.

Nutton, Michael, commander of Norwich, takes over Coyet, 215n.



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