Abbevile [Somme, France], English troops near, 27.
Act of Indemnity, army asks for, 8; parliament labouring at, 38, 40, 42; passed, 46.
Act abolishing kingship, 14.
Act declaring Protestant confession of faith, 128.
Act for nominating Commissioners of Sewers, 183.
Act of Settlement for Ireland, 231n.
-, Commissioners of, ordered to send ships to Irish waters against pirates, 137; behaviour of squadron at Zante referred to, 150.
-, Court, case of Angel to be heard in, 36–7; Giavarina refuses to appear in, 36; commended for refusal 43; depositions in, about Angel, and judgment, 231–3.
-, -, judge of. See Zouch, Richard.
Adrianople, Turkish Empire, Piron goes to, to arrange monopoly of steel and tin, 123; Draperis did not go to, to avoid suspicion, 124; Bendish ready to send Draperis to, about alliance, 136; French ambassador wants Anglo-Turkish negotiations published in, 145.
Advice, state ship, sent to Mediterranean, 73n.
Africa, goods from, to be brought by English ships only, 199.
agents. See under ambassadors.
Airassi [Liguria, Italy], Montesarchio attacks English ship at, 164.
Aixe, Aix [Haute Vienne, France], despatches dated at, 111, 114.
Alardi. See Azarli.
Albemarle, duke of. See Monk, George.
Alefelt, Frederick van, Danish ambassador extraordinary to England:
-, arrives in London, 187; public entry, lodged and defrayed by king, 191; audience of king and his brothers, 194.
-, Giavarina pays respects to, 194; information to Giavarina, 204, 208; grateful for favours received at Venice, suggests embassy to Denmark, 236.
-, staying on about marriage of Danish princess to Charles, 203; has audience of queen, 216.
-, imparts decision of estates that crown to be hereditary, 214; waiting for dissolution of parliament, 229; returning home to high office, 236; asked to support application to help Venice, 242; promises to use influence, 249, 260.
-, cannot arrive at any conclusion in negotiations, 245; finishes negotiations successfully, takes leave, 259.
Aleppo, Syria, English consul at. See Riley, Henry.
Alexander VII, pope, Venetian embassy extraordinary to, 69.
Alexandria, Egypt, 49.
-, ships from, 175.
Alfonso VI, king of Portugal, duke of Braganza:
-, Telles' uncle very near to, 32; Inchiquin captured when going to serve, 137.
-, English wish to support energetically against Spain, 77; Mello insistent for levy because of needs of, 135; questionable if can pay for levies and ships, 140.
-, Mello returning to report negotiations to, 135–6, 142; treaty of with old Council of England will fall through, 174.
-, talk of Charles marrying sister of, 150; Mello hands letter of to Charles, 177; Mello urges Charles not to abandon, 185; Spaniards fear will prevail in England with gold, 186; known to have squared Monk and perhaps Ormond, 222.
-, offers hand of sister to Charles, 203; Winchelsea stays at Lisbon to treat with, 247.
-, Mello promises will observe past treaties, 210; Batteville says can never fulfill promises, 243.
-, vast sums offered to involve Charles with, 246; advantage to, in bargain, 248; offers of, for marriage, 253–4.
-, Batteville labours to separate Charles from, 246, 248; tries to prevent support for, 266; he threatens war if England supports, 271.
-, Medini Celi advises peace with, 254; Spaniards hope to shut out by Parma marriage, 281.
-, offers tempt thoughtless to union with, 255; Mello's efforts to enlist support for, 258; England unlikely to plunge into war for sake of, 277.
-, doubt if able to fulfil promises, 263, 304; binds himself not to marry, to leave sister heiress, 271.
-, gaining ground by offers, 282, 300; wins success by gold, 291; concessions made by, 292.
-, Batteville waiting on chance of not getting help from England, 296; English waiting for decision of arms, 301.
Algiers, N. Africa:
-, Lord Inchiquin and son captured by pirates of, off Lisbon, 137; Robert Blake at with squadron, 202.
-, Allen goes to with Plymouth, commissions at, 222; Winchelsea lands at, and gets peace ratified, 246; peace with not confirmed, 266.
-, Vizier promises to have captains of put in chains till satisfy English, 268.
-, Giavarina to reap advantage if declares war, 278; fort being constructed and naval preparations at, 280.
-, squadron to go against, 297–8, 300, 306; corsairs of increasingly troublesome, 300; six English ships surrender and are taken to, 309.
-, Dey of, Pasha of. See Ramadhan.
-, See also Barbary.
Alicante [Prov. Valencia, Spain], English frigates carry off wheat ship from, 169.
Allen, Thomas, commander of the Plymouth, goes to rescue Lord O'Brien, 222; Ballarino arranges with to touch at Zante, 256.
Alleyn, Allen, Thomas, alderman:
-, chosen lord mayor of London, 75.
-, petition to, for a free parliament, 101, 103; sends to Monk for opinion, 109.
-, Grenville brought letter from king for, 142, 144; letter delivered to, 143.
-, present at king's proclamation, 146; met king at entry into city, 155; king asks to restore deprived aldermen, 203.
Alured, Matthew, chosen commissioner for army, 118.
ambassadors, agents, commissioners, envoys, foreign ministers, papal nuncios, residents, secretaries:
-, houses searched by soldiers, 20–1.
-, notified of change of government, 21–2; need fresh credentials for parliament, 26.
-, question of recognition of government by, 32, 54; without any business, 73.
-, question of treatment, 41; resolution concerning reception of those below rank, 78.
-, will be informed when any order established, 84; committee of safety has power to treat with, 86; no intimation given to, 91.
-, new council of state begins to treat with, 109.
-, celebrate peace between France and Spain, 130; send word of king's restoration, expecting fresh credentials, 143; functions will involve in heavy expense, 144; celebrate king's proclamation, 146.
-, Giavarina to follow example about congratulations, 153, 169; take part in rejoicings over king's return, 155, 168; waiting for fresh letters of credence, 157.
-, will have to join in mourning for Charles I, 157; go into mourning for Gloucester, 201; condolences of, 204.
-, Alefelt informs of arrival, 191; Batteville informs of coming, 213; Alefelt informs that crown made hereditary, 214.
-, unusual for king to take meal in house of, 205; join in rejoicings at queen's return to London, 216; Giavarina to follow example about queen, 225.
-, will have to make worthy appearance at coronation, 223; heavy expenses for, 287.
-, mourning for Princess of Orange, 235; dispute about coaches at Paris, king's decree that those of have precedence, 264.
-, Charles thinking of sending, after coronation, 267; complaints about delay, 274–5; make no move to congratulate king on marriage, 297.
-, names of:
Brandenburg, to England. See Nassau Siegen, John Maurice, prince of; Pölnitz, Gerhard Bernard von; Weiman, Daniel.
Danish, in England. See Alefelt, Frederick van; Petkum, Simon de; Rosenwing, Henry Wishelme.
Dutch, to England. See Beverwaart heer van; Goch, Michiel van; Hoorn, Symon van; Nieuport, Willem; Ripperda van Fernsum, Henry.
Dutch, to France. See Beuningenen, Conrad van; Boreel, William; Gent, Johan, baron van; Hubert, Justus de.
Dutch, to the Sound. See Haren, William van; Slingelandt, Godfrey; Vogelsangh, Peter.
Dutch, to Spain. See Houmalda, Philip van; Merode, Johan van; Reede, Godefried Adriaan van.
English, to Denmark. See Meadowe, Philip.
English, in Flanders. See Vic, Sir Henry de.
English, to France. See Crofts, William, lord; Jermyn, Henry, earl of St. Albans; Jermyn, Henry (nephew); Lockhart, Sir William.
English, to the Netherlands. See Downing, George.
English, to Parma. See Digby, George, earl of Bristol.
English, at the Porte. See Bendish, Sir Thomas; Finch, Heneage, earl of Winchelsea.
English, to the Sound. See Boone, Thomas; Honeywood, Sir Robert; Sidney, Algernon.
English, to Spain. See Bennet, Sir Henry; Digby, George, earl of Bristol; Hyde, Edward.
French, to Denmark. See Terlon, Hugues, chevalier de.
French, to England. See Arnolfini; Aubusson, Jacques de, seigneur de Villac; Bartet; Bautru, Armand, comte de Nogent; Bordeaux Neufville, Antoine de; Estrades, Geoffroi, chevalier d'; Massue, Henri de, marquis de Ruvigny; Savoie, Eugene Maurice de, comte de Soissons.
French, in the Netherlands. See Thou, Jacques Auguste de.
French, at the Porte. See Harlay, Philippe de, comte de Cesy; Haye, M. de la.
Geneva, to England, 171.
Genoa, to England. See Bernardi, Francesco; Brignoli, Giovanni Carlo.
Hanse Towns, in England. See Boekem, Martin.
Hanse and Hamburg, in England. See Schulten, Johann.
Holstein, in England. See Kielman, John Henry.
imperial, in Denmark. See Goess, baron Johan von.
imperial, to England. See Collalto, count; Strozzi, count.
Mainz, to England. See Schonborn, Francis George von.
Mainz, to Spain. See Blum, Heinrich Julius.
Malta, knights of, to England. See Boulay, du.
Oldenburg, to England. See Frecher, Philip.
papal nuncio, at Cologne. See Sanfelici, Giuseppe Maria.
papal nuncio, in Germany. See Caraffa, Carlo.
Polish, in England. See Pinocci, Geronimo.
Portuguese, in England. See Mello, Francesco de; Mullis, John; Sa e Menezes, Francesco de.
Portuguese, in France. See Costa, Joao da, conde de Soure.
Portuguese, in the Netherlands. See Soura, Henry de, de Tavares; Telles, Fernando, de Faro.
Savoyard, in England. See Palavicini, Marquis.
Savoyard, in France. See Villa, Marquis.
Spanish, in England. See Batteville, baron de; Cardenas, Alonso de; Conflans, marquis; Lamoral, Claude, Prince de Ligne.
Spanish, in France. See Pimentelli, Antonio; Vivero, Luis Perez de, count of Fuendalsaña.
Spanish, in the Netherlands. See Gamarra, Estevan de.
Spanish, at Venice. See Toledo, Antonio Sebastiano de, marquis of Mancera.
Swedish, to Denmark. See Bielke, Stenon.
Swedish, to England. See Barkman, John; Fleetwood, George; Frisendorff, Johan Frederick von.
Tuscan, to England. See Salvetti, Giovanni Anterminelli; Salviati, Marquis Giovanni Vincenzio.
Venetian, to England. See Correr, Angelo; Giavarina, Francesco; Mocenigo, Pietro; Morosini, Michiel.
Venetian, at Florence. See Vico, Domenico.
Venetian, to France. See Giustinian, Francesco; Grimani, Alvise; Morosini, Michiel; Nani, Giovanni Battista.
Venetian, in Germany. See Molin, Alvise.
Venetian, at Milan. See Vico, Thadio.
Venetian, to the Porte. See Ballarino, Giovanni Battista; Capello, Giovanni.
Venetian, to Spain. See Cornaro, Giovanni; Giavarina, Pietro; Quirini, Giacomo.
America, English hope to get trading rights towards, from Spaniards, 76; goods from to be brought by English ships only, 199.
Amiens [Somme, France], English infantry near, 27.
Amnesty. See Indemnity, bill of.
Amsterdam [Prov. N. Holland, Netherlands]:
-, suffers from English privateers with Swedish and Portuguese patents, 77; supplies for Copenhagen being prepared at, 89.
-, Marquis Salviati at, 260; gondolas for Charles sent to by Dutch ship, 288.
-, cause division in army, Fleetwood and Desborough leaders of, 11; cavalry commanded by put down mutinous infantry, 56.
-, bitter enemies of majority in long parliament, 17; would like to see Presbyterians destroyed, 60.
-, Henry Cromwell puts down plot of, in Ireland, 19.
-, Lord Mayor Ireton belongs to, 70; and Fleetwood, 86; and Vane, 173.
-, Rump hopes to get army of, under Lambert, 119; members of Rump plotting with, 130.
-, Monk disarms all, 119; fear of insurrection of, 125; information of plot by, houses searched, 135; Lambert's escape connected with conspiracy by, 139; Lambert stirs up, 140; many arrested, 141.
-, disconsolate and abusive over restoration, 146; king has no reason to trust, 231.
-, See also Sectaries.
Andaye [Basses Pyrenees, France], despatches dated at, 148, 158.
Angel, Angelo, English merchantman:
-, case to be heard in Admiralty Court, 36; case should be between prince and prince, 43; Giavarina, hears no more about, 58; Giavarina's action on approved, 240.
-, owners present petition to king for redress, 231; letter of king on, to Giavarina, 232.
-, judgment of Admiralty judge on, 232–3.
Anglican Church. See Church of England.
Anjou, duchess of. See Henrietta Anne.
-, duke of. See Philip, duke of Orleans.
Anna Sophia, daughter of Frederick III of Denmark, suggested as wife for Charles, 203.
Anne of Austria, queen mother of France, 147.
-, Lockhart has audience of, 16; he presents fresh credentials to, 47.
-, Jermyn to pay respects to, 181; Jermyn to inform of Portuguese match, 294.
-, reproves son Philip for lack of reserve about Henrietta, 209; at wedding of Anjou and Henrietta, 274.
Anne Marie Louise, duchess of Montpensier, Mademoiselle d'Orleans:
-, talk of marriage to Charles, 147; rejected Charles when in exile, 299.
-, secret assistance to Charles and mother, 147; French wish to divert attention of Savoy from, 225.
-, Hyde suggests as wife for Charles, French support, 271; queen Henrietta hoped for, 299.
Annesley, Arthur, President of Council of State, Giavarina speaks to of behaviour of English squadron at Zante, 147; promises to speak to Council, 150; Giavarina unable to get favourable reply from, 188–9.
Antrim, marquis of. See Macdonnell, Randal.
Antwerp [Prov. Antwerp, Belgium]:
-, news from, 55.
-, -, despatch of letters by, 273, 280.
-, Malo, Giavarina's correspondent at, 143.
-, money sent to Batteville, payable at, 277; all suspicion of, for infection, removed, 308.
apprentices, shop boys, many out to support king's cause, several arrested, 53; riot about right to petition, 101; are all of one mind, 101; constantly molesting and insulting soldiers, 103.
Arbert. See Somerset, Henry, lord Herbert.
Argostoli, Cephalonia, Ionian island, English ships at, for currants, 138.
Argyle, Arghil, marquis of. See Campbell, Archibald.
army, military, soldiers, troops:
-,-, petition for pay, 6, 7; Richard refers to parliament, 8; clamour because short of pay, 38.
-,-, expresses regard for Protector, 7; officers revive demand for new general, 10; want Fleetwood, 10.
-,-, parliament votes 3 months' pay for, 8; parliament accused of intending to disband, 13.
-,-, officers petition for act of indemnity, and repression of royalists, 8.
-,-, meetings of officers forbidden, order ignored, 11, 14; forces Protector to dissolve parliament, 12, 13; meetings of officers continue, 16–7, 47.
-,-, regiments brought towards London, 11; soldiers search houses, insult Rosenwing, 20–1.
-,-, divided, some for Protector, some for Anabaptists, 11; Protector abandoned by party in, 12, 17.
-,-, differences between houses encourage pretensions, 11; demands recall of long parliament, 14, 17.
-,-, beginning to criticise Fleetwood, 14; Richard regrets he did not imprison leaders, 14; officers begin to repent action, 17; Thurloe betrayed Richard to officers, 18.
-,-, no other general chosen for, 16; Monk promises to support decisions of officers, 21; Monk's letter published by, 25.
-,-, long parliament will not resume unless submits to it, 17; violent disputes about, 19; decides to recall parliament, 20; invitation of, 22.
-,-, proposal to recall king lost by narrow majority, 19; makes Fleetwood chief commander, forms council of war, 24.
-,-, means to force parliament to do its pleasure, 23; difference with parliament over council, 24.
-,-, petition to parliament, prescribing form of government, 23, 29; changes made in council to please, 27.
-,-, not in complete harmony with parliament, 30; parliament means to have control of, submitting, 33.
-,-, officers receive fresh commissions from parliament, 33, 34; dissatisfaction over, 35, 42.
-,-, parliament providing for payment of, 38; meetings of officers cause parliament great apprehension, 44–5, 50.
-,-, ready to set up ruler, 44; consultation about, consider Richard or Lambert, 45.
-,-, contests with peasants, in which troops worsted, 51; troops sent against rebels, 53–4; sending as few as possible, 54.
-,-, York closes gates against, 55; horse and foot start for Chester, 56; hampered by floods and rain, 59; victory at Winnington Bridge, 61; recovering rest of places, 62.
-,-, mutinous, reluctant to march, demands pay, 56; Booth tries to win over by promises of pay, 56–7.
-,-, regiments from Dunkirk quartered in London, 57; bad state of, reported defeat near London, 60.
-,-, concerned in plot of Fifth Monarchy men, 71.
-,-, Lambert's force divided out among counties most under suspicion, 72.
-,-, officers resume meetings, 72, 74; parliament rejects demands of, 74; paper with demands presented to parliament, 76; parliament considering reply to, 76–7.
-,-, object to raise Lambert to protectorate, 74; parliament takes measures to put down officers, 79, 81; Lambert's coup d'etat against parliament, 79, 80, 196.
-,-, leaders of, entertained by city, 77; troops sent to quarters after coup d'etat, 80.
-,-, only supporters of can sit in Council, 83; armies of Scotland and Ireland informed of action, 84; Monk not disposed to concur in action, 86, 89.
-,-, new order for direction and discipline of, 84; officers set up committee of safety, 86.
-,-, officers issue manifesto justifying action, 88; promise free government, 89; officers disposed to have king back, treating with him, 91.
-,-, Lambert to try and reconcile Monk with, 89; peace arranged between armies, 93: terms of, 94.
-,-, commissions issued to raise regiment of volunteers, 92; to be raised also in provinces, 95.
-,-, letters for meeting of officers held up, 97; committee of safety presents model of government to officers, 100.
-,-, threat to allow soldiers free quarters, 98; has strict guard kept in London, 102–3.
-,-, affray with London apprentices, 101; relations with city unfriendly, Fleetwood tries to reconcile, 103.
-,-, conference to find some compromise to satisfy, 103; troops sent against Portsmouth, 105.
-,-, failure of opponents of to secure Tower, 104; regiments in and about London declare for parliament, 106.
-,-, regiments in North declare for parliament, 106; supporters in Ireland arrested, 107.
-,-, act of indemnity for, 108; Monk's attack on London would render hateful to nation, 118.
-,-, dismissed officers asking for pardon, 108; Vane banished for supporting, 110; other parliamentary supporters also dealt with, 113.
-,-, troops evacuated from London mutiny, 115; reduced to subjection, 117; commissioners appointed for revoked, 122.
-,-, Monk made commander-in-chief of, 121; London asked for loan to supply needs, 127.
-,-, proposed protest against king's return, Monk warns of duty of obedience, 128; conference of officers with parliament, 129; proves abortive, 130.
-,-, Monk will have to decide between and parliament, 129; Monk orders officers to proceed to their commands in country, 131; disaffected officers ordered to leave London, 134; some of more uncertain regiments disbanded, 142.
-,-, Monk purging of sectaries, 138; those who try to pervert punished, 140.
-,-, memorial of officers in favour of durable settlement, 138–9; decision to recall king, 145.
-,-, Monk communicates king's letter to, promises obedience, 143; many regiments will be disbanded at king's coming, 144.
-,-, disbanding affords opportunity for Venice, 144, 222; regiments soon to be disbanded, 152, 187.
-,-, attends king's proclamation, 146; Monk made commander in chief of, 156.
-,-, parliament discussing means of paying, 152, 187; activity in changing officers of, 170, 174, 184.
-,-, royalist regiments in Flanders sent to garrison Dunkirk, 170, 179; are Spanish in sympathy, 178.
-,-, likely to be reduced by 10,000 men, 187; poll tax to be devoted to disbanding, 194; disbanding will afford great relief from expenditure, 200.
-,-, no more officers or men to be enlisted, 194; king urges speedy disbanding, 195.
-,-, act to raise money for disbanding, 199; money being raised for, 202; heavy cost of, 206, 223.
-,-, Hyde praised in speech to parliament, 200; poll tax devoted to disbanding, 213.
-,-, first regiments disband quietly, others mutinous, militia set on foot to coerce, 204; disbanding carried out with great energy, 207; most of men paid off, 212.
-,-, disbanding delayed by money coming in slowly, 214; parliament providing fresh money for disbanding, 218, 220, 223; disbanding finally ended, 255.
-,-, Monk's regiment immediately re-engaged, 255.
-,-, new regiment of horse formed under Oxford, 255.
-, of Ireland, informed of action taken in London, 84; officers come from, for general council, 102.
-, of Scotland:
Monk asked to send 3 regiments against Booth, he declines, 57, 60.
informed of action against parliament, 84; force sent from London against, 86, 89, 92.
Monk assembles and marches on Newcastle, 89; Monk pledges troops to self by oaths, 99.
Monk asked city council to declare for, 99; conference to find compromise to satisfy, 103; takes forcible possession of London, 116–7.
Arnolfini, M., sent by Mazarin to reconcile Queen Henrietta to to York's marriage, 237.
Arson, Arzon, —, banker, Giavarina abandons case, 7.
artillery. See guns.
Arundel, Arondel, house of:
-, parliament schemes to confiscate property, 73, 88.
-, threat against vanishes with disappearance of parliament, 84, 95–6.
-, devotion to Venice, 85, 144; Lambert a friend of, 96; machinations against fall to ground, 123.
-, office of earl marshal likely to be confirmed to, 156; lords vote restoration of dukedom of Norfolk to, 220; carried in Commons despite opposition of Presbyterians, 226.
-, countess of. See Howard, Elizabeth.
-, earl of. See Howard, Henry Frederick; Howard, Thomas.
Ashfield, Col. Richard, parliament decides to cashier, 79.
Asia, goods from to be brought by English ships only, 199.
Assbach, freiherr von. See Pölnitz, Gerhard Bernard von.
Atkin, Colonel, bearer of Monk's message to city council, arrested, 99.
-, Thomas, disclaimer of share in king's death, 137.
Aubigny, seigneur d'. See Stuart, Ludovic.
Aubusson, Jacques d', seigneur de Villac, Vagliac:
-, sent by Monsieur to congratulate Charles, 189; arrival in London, first audiences, 196.
-, to ask for king's sister for Anjou, 196; reports coolness about match, 209.
Augsburg [Bavaria, German Empire]:
-, Protestants sending plenipotentiary to congress at, 5; electors aware of Cromwell's consent to congress, 10.
-, Correr and Morosini travelling via, 303; Contarini met them at, 308.
Austria, house of:
-, Frisendorff makes reflections on, 39; Presbyterians irreconcileable enemies of, 198.
-, Spaniards want Princess Henrietta for, 203; Charles' suggestion of matrimonial union with, 243; Spaniards would contribute if Charles married princess friendly to, 276.
-, England unlikely to provoke war with, for sake of Portugal, 248; methods in accepting independence of revolted subject states, 254.
-, archduke of. See Leopold William.
-, Don John of. See John, Don.
Azarli, Alardi, Thomas, claims on caisse of Zante and Cephalonia, 185, 195.