Index
S

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allen B. Hinds (editor)

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1931

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400-409

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'Index: S', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 32: 1659-1661 (1931), pp. 400-409. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=90087 Date accessed: 24 July 2014.


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Sa e Menezes, Francesco de, nephew of Portuguese ambassador, left behind, 207, 211.

sailors, mariners, seamen:
-, difficulty of finding, for fleet, 5, 12; act for impressing, 42; resistance to, 46.
-, devoted to Montagu, 26; Montagu's fleet held up for lack of, 132.

St. Albans, earl of. See Jermyn, Henry.

St. Asaph, co. Flint, Wales, bishop of. See Griffith, George.

St. George, order of. See garter.

St. Malo [Ille et Vilaine, France], Charles at, 69n.

St. Vincent, Cape of [Portugal], 253.

Salisbury, co. Wilts, bishop of. See Henchman, Humphrey.

salt, Dutch ships captured going to Portugal for, 267.

Salvetti, Giovanni, Anterminelli, resident of Tuscany in England, has audience and recognises republic, 81; has new credentials, asking for audience, 171; has audience, 174; expenditure on gratuities, 175.

Salviati, marquis Giorgio Vincenzio, ambassador extraordinary of Tuscany to England:
-, expected, 235, 245; at Amsterdam, warship sent for, 260; public entry and first audiences, 273; takes leave and departs, 277; great honours accorded to, 289.
-, wishes to be in Florence for prince's wedding, 273, 277; Court angry with for behaviour, 298.

Salway, Salwey, Richard, Major, signs notification to foreign ministers, 22; sent to Tower, 113.

Sanderson, Robert, bishop of Lincoln, consecrated in Abbey, 214.

Sandwich, earl of. See Montagu, Edward.

Sanfelici, Giuseppe Maria, archbishop of Cosenza, papal nuncio at Cologne, reports Protestants sending envoy to Augsburg, 5; appeals to ecclesiastical electors to help emperor against Turks, 308.

San Sebastian [Guipuscoa, Spain]:
-, Charles goes on to, 82; Walter Montagu goes to, to inform Philip of restoration, 147.
-, frigates sent to, for Batteville, 186, 191.

Sanuto, Giovanni Battista, in company of Correr and Morosini, 308.

Saunderson, George, lord Castleton, released from Tower by Committee of Safety, 90.

Savoie, Eugene Maurice de, count of Soissons, Soesson, French ambassador extraordinary to England:
-, married to Olympe Mancini, 203; expected soon, 207; Giavarina calls on, 214; calls on Giavarina, 218.
-, may resume negotiations for marriage of Anjou, 208; despatch hastened, 209.
-, arrival, state entry, 213: frequent conversations with queen, 218.
-, hoped that offices may induce Charles to consent to Anjou match, 213; will ask for king's sister before returning, 217; gives banquet to king and grandees, 218.
-, leave taking and departure, 218.

Savoy:
-, ambassador expected from, with congratulations, 219.
-, elector of Saxony inclined to ally with, 291.

-, duke of. See Charles Emanuel II; Victor Amadeus I.

Saxony [German Empire], England thinks no more of treaty with, 291; princess of offered to Charles, 292.

-, elector of. See John George II.

Scau. See Skaw.

scents, present of for Charles, from Spain, 274.

Schomberg, Sciombergh, Frederick Herman, lands at Lisbon with force of 4,000 men, 234.

Schonborn, Francis George von, envoy of Mainz to England, has audience, 229; departs, 235.

-, John Philip von, archbishop elector of Mainz, sends nephew to congratulate Charles, 229; nuncio appeals to, to help emperor against Turks, 308.

Schulten, Johann, envoy of the Hanse towns and Hamburg, has audience, 36; received by a committee, 67.

Scobell, Sir Henry, notifies foreign ministers of change of government, 21–2.

Scotland, 97.
-, parliament allows votes of members from, 1; uncertainty about, 39, 40.
-, plight of army in, for lack of pay, 6; army of concurs with council of officers, 25; no reason to fear, 27–8, 30; Monk reports loyalty of troops and asks that no changes be made, 33.
-, royalist risings in islands and Highlands, 35; news from suppressed, 39; no news from, 42.
-, parliament waiting for open declaration from, 35; full of Presbyterians and very subject to revolutions, 57; many persons of quality imprisoned in, 66.
-, Monk ordered to send regiments from, against rebels, 60; no signs of adjustment from, 101; no change in, 103.
-, commissioners sent by army to, 92; commissioners reach London from, 93; settlement with London army concerning, 94.
-, officers imprisoned in to be released, 94; Monk continues military preparations in, 99.
-, Monk's officers from, absent from council in London, 102; Monk enters London with troops from, 115, 128.
-, Lambert abandoned by men on borders of, 109; Monk informs parliament of state of, 116.
-, Presbyterians in, discontented, 173; king disposes of chief appointments in, 194.
-, some who devised mischief arrested in, 179; forces in placed in loyal hands, 184.
-, king wishes to restore government to ancient state, 194; parliament setting to work to punish revolutionaries in, 246.
-, fast in memory of Charles I proclaimed in, 245; parliament acting for good of, 249, 305.
-, Mello asks leave to raise levies in, 301.

-, army of. See under army.

-, king of. See Charles II.

-, parliament of. See under parliament.

Scott, Scot, Thomas:
-, signs notification to foreign ministers, 22; sent to Monk, on march, by parliament, 112; keeps close watch on Monk, 114; Monk introduced in parliament by, 115.
-, appointed secretary of state by parliament, 122, 209.
-, arrested at Brussels, Cardenas intervenes to save, 161; Charles complains to Philip about, 164.
-, sent to England from Dunkirk, 176; delivered to de Vic, at Brussels, 193; executed, 210.
-, disclosed many who betrayed king's secrets, 210.

scrofula, Charles touching for, 182.

seal, the great, commissioners of, expelled from office, 22; changed for Charles, 146; John Lenthall accused of trying to forge, 224.

seamen. See sailors.

search, right of, claimed by Dey of Algiers with English ships, 228, 247, 266; king will not concede, 290, 298.

secretaries. See under ambassadors.

secretary of state. See Morice, William; Nicholas, Sir Edward; Scott, Thomas; Thurloe, John.

-, France. See Lomenie, Henri Auguste de, comte de Brienne.

sectaries:
-, proclamation granting liberty of conscience to, 215; proclamation forbidding to hold assemblies or conventicles, 240; close watch kept on behaviour of, 244.
-, would be against king in event of new troubles, 272; intercepted letters show sympathy with, 275.
-, start disturbance on king's departure, soon put down, 284.

-, See also Anabaptists; Fifth Monarchy men; Quakers.

Sermoneta, Don Gaetano, duke of, governor of Milan:
-, wished to meet Bristol, but not in time, 277; loaded him with attentions, 279.
-, dissuaded Bristol against Portuguese match, 279; opinion about Portuguese match, 282; hopeful of breaking off, 290; says treaty overthrown by Batteville, 300.
-, says nothing will be done about Parma, 282; speaks of treaty with Saxony, 291.
-, speaks of proposed Nassau marriage, 282–3, 290–1.

Setubal [Estremadura, Portugal], two castles of, offered to English, 253.

Sewers, commissioners of, act reinstating, 183.

Seymour, William, marquis of Hertford, always loyal, 161; garter conferred on, 162; claim to be duke of Somerset, 190; decision in favour of, 199.

Sheldon, Gilbert, bishop of London, consecrated in Abbey, 214.

Shelley, Giles, appointed to command Providence, 31n.

ships, merchantmen:
-, embargo to prevent sailing, 52; rebels secure some at Portsmouth, 102.
-, ten leave Cadiz, for Indies, 98.
-, restriction on foreign, bringing goods to England, 199.

-, Barbary, one at Constantinople would serve turn of Turks, 251.

-, Dutch:

fear of French coming over on, 12.

captured by English with patents of Sweden and Portugal, 18; complaint about, 34.

Spanish infantry sent by, to Flanders, 34.

of convoy of Genoa searched by English, 175.

depredations of Barbary corsairs on, squadron to protect, 267.

gondolas for Charles sent by one, 288.

-, English:

claim for reprisals for la Meilleraie's plundering of, 2.

Venetian efforts to prevent serving Turks, 13, 32, 154; no information about, 145.

with patents of Sweden and Portugal, prey on Dutch, 18; complaint about, 34.

Venetian order to allow to enter Dardanelles with goods from Venice, 19, 55; one stopped but allowed to proceed, 41.

severe losses through Spanish war, 25; much harassed in Mediterranean by Montesarchio's squadron, 69; Montesarchio attacks one at Airassi, 160, 169; is made to restore it, 162.

Majorcans capture three off Malaga, 163; capture two more, going to Lisbon, 133.

Mello trying to hire, for king's service, 134; question if king can find money for, 140.

nineteen at Argostoli, some for currants, 138.

Bendish sees to departure of eight from Constantinople, 154.

commissions to for privateering withdrawn, 168; Charles might help Venice with, 178.

order for good treatment in Spanish ports, 175; tax on those entering French ports, 199.

restitution of 2 taken by Majorcans granted, 186.

alone may bring in goods from Asia, Africa and America, 199; king sends one to Naples for felucca, 225.

warships kept in commission for convoy of, 202; ships arming for convoy of, 246.

Pasha of Algiers claims right to search, 228, 246–7, 266; judgment in favour of one carrying Turks, 233.

complaint that forced to serve Venice without payment, 232; service said to be voluntary, 241.

one at Genoa from Lisbon, with sugar, 234.

in service of Venice, captains to help release of Galilee, 238.

Vizier demands use of, Winchelsea resists but yields in part, 250–1; Winchelsea asks Venetian passport for, 251–2, 257; slaves released for service by, 268; favours promised for future use of, 269.

Venetian representations against use by Turks, 268, 279, 280, 287, 290, 301; king's letter to stop such use, 287; Winchelsea apologises about, 305.

one at Genoa from Algiers, 280; one at Genoa from Lisbon, 308.

squadron to protect against Barbary corsairs, 290, 297; six surrender to Barbary corsairs, 308–9; indignation at Genoa, 309.

-, French, tax imposed on those entering English ports, 199.

-, Messinese, captured by English near Zante, 120, 133.

-, Portuguese, only reserve trade of two a year to E. Indies, 254.

-, Spanish, few, of no value, taken by English, in war, 25; English squadron has orders to seize all, 121; English take at Zante, 133; English take at Alicante, 169, 177.

-, Swedish, Ruyter accused of breaking truce by stopping, 150; Dutch urged to release, 160.

-, caravels, 281, 303.

-, feluccas, Charles sends to Naples for, 225; sent to Charles from Naples, 250.

-, petachio, 120.

-, saettia, 251.

-, names of:

Advice; Angel; Benvenuta; Bristol; Crooked Billet; Elizabeth; Free Trade; Frigate Madonna; Grey Posthorse; Hampshire; Hannibal; James; Jersey; Kentish; Leopard; Lion; London; Newbury; Northumberland; Paramour; Plymouth; Preston; Prince of Opmeere; Providence; Rainbow; Reformation; Relief; Smyrna Factor; Tredagh; Worcester; Yarmouth; Zante Frigate.

shop boys. See apprentices.

Shrewsbury, co. Salop, earl of Derby captured and taken to, 62.

Sicily, island of, wheat ship of, taken at Alicante, 169.

Sidney, Sydney, Algernon:
-, appointed commissioner to the Sound, 30, 35.
-, negotiations etc. See under commissioners for the Sound.

silk, from Smyrna for Marseilles, 49.

Skaw, Scau, the [Denmark], Montagu's fleet off, 9.

slaves:
-, Blake at Algiers to demand release of, 202.
-, Winchelsea moves for release of, 268; gets two, 269.

Slingelandt, Godfrey, Dutch commissioner for the Sound:
-, insists on separating Denmark from emperor, 49; establishes truce with Denmark, Sweden and Brandenburg, 55; urges Denmark to pursue peace negotiations with Sweden, 82.
-, submits terms of peace to Sweden, 82; dissensions with English and French, 150; urged to resume negotiations, 160.

smallpox:
-, duke of Richmond dies of, 190.
-, duke of Gloucester sick of, 196; dies of, 198.
-, princess of Orange feared sick of, 231; not thought to be, 235.

Smolensk [government of Smolensk, Russia], services of la Coste at, 171.

Smyrna, Asia Minor:
-, news from, 268.
-, Levant Co. chooses new consul for, 5, 13.
-, orders at, forbidding English ships to serve Turks, 32; Bendish sees to safe departure of ships from, 154.
-, silk from, for Marseilles, 49; Angel sailing to, 232–3.
-, ships from may profit by Spanish facilities, 175.
-, merchants of collect money for release of French ambassador, 234; English obtain order at for exclusion of French louis, 247.
-, Winchelsea arrived at, 238; two chiaus leave on English frigate, 269.

-, English consul at. See Bokenham, Anthony; Bretton, Spencer; Prideaux, William,

Smyrna Factor, merchantman, Winchelsea obliged to allow Turks use of, 251.

Soissons, Soesson, count of. See Savoie, Eugene Maurice de.

soldiers, those disbanded allowed to practise any trade, 199, 202; abuses of search by, restricted, 244.

-, See also army; levies; militia.

Somerset, dukedom of, despatch about, between marquises of Hertford and Worcester, 190; decided in favour of Hertford, 199.

Somerset, Edward, marquis of Worcester, Voster, 88, 90n.
-, claim to dukedom of Somerset, 190; question decided against, 199.

-, Henry, lord Herbert, Arbert, trustee appointed by parliament for Arundel, 88; released from Tower, 90.

Sound, the:
-, Montagu's fleet said to be for, 2; Montagu sails for, 7; Montagu supposed to be at, 9; fleet reported at, 11, 18–9.
-, Lawson sent to, to take over fleet, 27; no news from, 54, 75; parliament not pleased at return of fleet from, 72.
-, commissioners to be sent to, 30, 34; commissioners leave for 43; council to consider recall of commissioners from, 73.
-, king of Sweden expected back at, 60; parliament does not think it necessary to send back fleet to, 81.

Soura, Henry de, de Tavares, Portuguese ambassador in the Netherlands, noticed that Charles would not give audience to, 157, 164–5.

Soure, conde de. See Costa, Joao da.

Southampton, earl of. See Wriothesley, Thomas.

Spain:
-, English prevented from enjoying ancient privileges in, 8; English trade with, 197.
-, has consul at Venice, 221.
-, Presbyterians Irreconciliable enemies of, 255; Bristol educated in and devoted to, 282.
-, 1659:
-,-, merchants petition for accommodation with, 2, 4; news of safe arrival of plate fleet in, 18; petition to stop imports of produce, 31.
-,-, loss to revenue from scanty returns from merchandise of, 3; petition to exclude goods from, 4.
-,-, English suspicion of French negotiations with, 3; suspicion of intention to join French in supporting Charles, 18, 71.
-,-, passports of Blum to, 10; proposed to send some one to, for peace, 28.
-,-, strong inclination to make peace with, 25, 28, 34; envoy from in England incog., 31; negotiations with cooled off, 54.
-,-, Telles said to have gone to, 32; Bendish tells Turks nothing to fear from, 43.
-,-, Protestant powers fear union with France, 55; France promoting adjustment with England, 75.
-,-, desirable for to prevent Portugal receiving help from England, 59; squadron in Mediterranean important during rupture with, 73.
-,-, Charles likely to favour, if restored, 68; Charles trying to get active help from, 84.
-,-, Charles sets out for, 69, 75, 77; Charles thinks interests best served by supporting, 78; Charles treated royally in, 98.
-,-, proposal to allow English to trade beyond line, 75–6; republic proposes to support Portugal energetically against, 77; Stoakes lets off Genoese squadron coming from, 78.
-, 1660:
-,-, not thinking of attempting Dunkirk, 111; Charles at Brussels under protection of, 141.
-,-, Turks could not help England if attacked by France and, 124; duties suffer as trade with interrupted, 127; hope for renewal of friendly relations with England, 160.
-,-, Mello trying to get levies and ships for war against, 134; Inchiquin captured when going to serve against, 137.
-,-, king invites York to, 150; France anxious that Charles's gratitude shall not be all directed to, 163; great declarations made by Charles towards, 167.
-,-, Bristol returns from to England, 164; all ports made free to ships flying English flag, 172, 175; orders for English to be well treated, 183.
-,-, eager for confidential relations with England, 167, 183; comforted by assurance of reconciliation with England, 172; king's Flanders troops in sympathy with, 178.
-,-, left free to pursue conquest of Portugal, 174; Mello pressing for English help against, 185.
-,-, complimentary office performed by, 177; English crown has most friendly disposition to, 194.
-,-, wine consumed in England comes from, 179; only two English mercantile houses in, 228.
-,-, wants to arrange for English naval help against Portugal, 186; service of preferred to Venetian, 224.
-,-, reception of Mello great blow to, 186; suffers from absence of ambassador in England, 197.
-,-, example should encourage Charles to help Venice, 192; Presbyterians irreconcileable enemies of, 198.
-,-, Charles wants parliament to justify refusal of Dunkirk and Jamaica to, 200; retention would lead to further wars with, 212.
-,-, would like princess Henrietta for House of Austria, 203; cannot look with friendly eye on confidential relations between France and England, 207; ambassador will be sent to, 217.
-,-, Charles always inclined to serve interests, 212, 222; Bennet complains of malice of ministers against Charles, 228.
-,-, Vienna desires better relations with England through influence of, 214.
-,-, would be satisfied with restitution of Jamaica, 221; promise of Charles to restore conquests to, 238.
-,-, commerce with Portugal unpleasant news for, 222; Bennet says should carry on negotiations in England with gold, 227; resents Winchelsea calling at Lisbon, 237.
-, 1661:
-,-, York resigns generalship of sea, 239; proposal to confer on Rupert, 239.
-,-, accepts English help for war with Portugal, to strengthen friendship, 241; money to get England to join against Portugal, 255.
-,-, Batteville says alliance with Portugal will mean hostility of, 243, 259, 265; the wise would abandon Portugal rather than have war with, 255.
-,-, fears of effects of insecurity on Charles, 247; beginning to mistrust his promises, 250; very suspicious of his proceedings, 257.
-,-, Charles might be more independent with support of, 247; Charles most friendly to, 259, 261, 265.
-,-, cannot conquer Portugal if English hold Setubal, 253; Medina Celi advises truce with Portugal, if joins England, 254.
-,-, English ministers alarm to extract money from, 253; English ministers do not want restored to former power, 259.
-,-, Venice would like to see free of Portugal war, 254, 268.
-,-, sentences against Reformation and Free Trade in, 258; rupture with, serious for trade, 292, 295.
-,-, no merchants will take up money for, 261; might easily upset Braganza marriage, 305.
-,-, English feel can do what they like with, 261; English desire continuance of friendship with, 262, 266; Hyde says will be no breach with, even if help Portugal openly, 265.
-,-, troops for, from Naples, delayed, 261; English help with that of Moors and France would make reconquest of Portugal difficult for, 262; England unlikely to make war with, for Portugal, 270, 277.
-,-, Barbary corsairs take ship with wheat for, 263.
-,-, Portuguese war diverts attention from everything, 271; apprehensive of English alliance with Portugal, 279.
-,-, would support marriage of Charles to Mile, d'Orleans, 271; put forward princess of Parma for Charles, 276, 281.
-,-, Bennet won by gold of, 273; bad opinion of Hyde in, likely to have unfortunate results, 282.
-,-, made jealous by increased fortifications at Dunkirk, 276; anxiety about England, 293.
-,-, determined to do everything to maintain friendship with Charles, 282; Hyde prejudiced against, 282, 295.
-,-, resents English mediation between Dutch and Portugal, 282; resentment at deception practised by Charles, 303.
-,-, matrimonial proposals of communicated to Council, 289; efforts to upset Portuguese match, 290, 292, 299; Portuguese gold prevails over, 291; Batteville circulates sheet showing offers of, 292.
-,-, French think union of England with Portugal will make cautious and lead to negotiation, 294; unlikely to make fuss about marriage merely, 296.
-,-, ships being armed in case of breach with, 297; preparation causes uneasiness to, 300.
-,-, advantages offered by Portugal may reconcile people to rupture with, 304; Portuguese match may upset Christendom without prudence of, 308.

-, Council of:

refuses sea command to Rupert, 258.

decides to send cash remittances to London, 261; sends money to bribe ministers, 273.

party in, unwilling to disarm in Flanders, 264; announces need for friendly relations with England, 276.

-, fleet of:

two ships of guard go to fetch guns landed from plate fleet, in Canaries, 99.

duke of York offered admiralship of, 129.

Montesarchio's squadron attacks English merchantman near Genoa, 160.

-, -, general of the galleons. See Davalos, Andrea, prince of Monte Sarcio.

-, Infanta of. See Margareta Teresa; Maria Theresa.

-, king of. See Philip IV.

-, plate fleet, treasure fleet, news of safe arrival, 18; anxiety about, orders to stop at Canaries, 303–4.

-, ships of. See ships, Spanish.

Spaniards, Castilians:
-, Lockhart says war because of offences committed by, 8; may not be eager for peace, 25; supposed to be inclined to it, 28.
-, English not engaged in any negotiations with, 8; parliament proposes to release prisoners, 25.
-, electors manoeuvre to prevent emperor helping in Flanders, 10; treasonable negotiations of Telles with, 32n.
-, as private persons fared better in war than English, 25; will never make first advances, 31.
-, infantry for Flanders, some captured, but released, 34; talk of surprise of Dunkirk by, 43, 100.
-, Mazarin will not give any reason for jealousy to, 41; reorganising forces in Flanders, 111.
-, French object to Charles having taken refuge with, 44; encouraged Charles's journey to Pyrenees, 75; use Charles to frighten English, 82; but treaty with parliament far advanced, 83.
-, would make peace with republic for cession of Dunkirk and Jamaica, 75; little fear of their recovering places lost, 93.
-, Mardick destroyed for fear of surprise by, 100; danger of Dunkirk troops going over to, 117.
-, drawing near to Dunkirk, fear of attack, 120; Lockhart treating to give Dunkirk to, 147.
-, Charles under obligation to, unlikely to permit anything against, 142, 148; Charles would rather Dunkirk delivered to by other hands than his, 148.
-, truce arranged with in Flanders, 149; question of restoring Dunkirk to, 157; Dunkirk a useful bridle on, 164.
-, confident that Charles will not consent to union with Portugal, 152; say war was with parliament, not with king, 163.
-, contented with terms of peace with France, 160; talk of general armistice with, 164; Charles showed friendliness to by returning ships, 177; orders for English to desist from acts of hostility against, 178.
-, collection granted to, against Moors, 178; count on goodwill of Charles, 192; would like Charles to marry widowed empress, 241.
-, accept loss of places, in peace with England, 193; concern at Charles overlooking York's marriage, 241.
-, English at Dunkirk do not want too much friendliness with, 257.
-, English waiting for result of clash with Portuguese, 277, 301; report of successes in Portugal, 296.
-, troops brought down to watch English at Dunkirk, 301.

Spanish Main, Terra Firma, English plan to trade with from Jamaica, 197; galleys from security for Pichinotti's advance, 273.

Speaker of the House of Commons. See Grimston, Sir Harbottle; Lenthall, William.

Spinola Doria, Publo, marquis de los Balbases, Haro mistakes for Charles, 85.

Stafford, earl of. See Howard, William.

Stampa, Don Gerolamo, waits on Digby at Milan, 279.

Stanley, Charles, earl of Derby, captured and taken to Shrewsbury, 62.

States. See Netherlands.

statue:
-, proposal to place a new, of Charles I, in Exchange, 137.
-, of Monk, being made, for Exchange, 137.

statues:
-, royal, in Exchange, 132.
-, presented by Dutch ambassadors to king, 219.

steel, monopoly of, for Fascol in name of Bendish, 123.

Steel, William, appointed commissioner for Ireland, 28, 33; Henry Cromwell hands over government to, 42.

Stephens, Steffen, Col. Nathaniel, represents need of recalling king, 128.

Stoakes, Stocks, John, Vice-Admiral, commander of Mediterranean squadron:
-, ordered to stop all goods of Marseillais, 49; arrives in Downs from Mediterranean, 73.
-, likely to command new fleet for Mediterranean, 69; complaints against for letting off Genoese, 78.

Strait, the. See Gibraltar, Strait of.

Strickland, Stricherland, Walter, speaks to Giavarina on behalf of Galilee, 98.

Strozzi, count, appointed to take Collalto's place as ambassador to England, 298.

Stuart, house of:
-, Presbyterians and Independents at one with royalists in favour of, 51; Haselrig and Vane persecutors of, 173.
-, oath for abjuration of, unexpected opposition over, 111; nothing more heard of, 113.
-, officers demand declaration of perpetual hostility to, 129; Cardenas accumulated more offences against, than Cromwell, 162.
-, Portugal alone able to raise up again, 151; Bordeaux spoke injuriously of, 169.
-, delight of people at restoration of, 170; hatred of sectaries for, 272.
-, Bennet says Spaniards treated for uprooting of, 228.

-, Charles, earl of Lichfield:

attempted rising in Surrey, 59; called upon to surrender, or dealt with as traitor, 69.

succeeds as duke of Richmond, with precedence, 191; quarrel with Cornwallis, put under arrest, 244.

-, Esmé, duke of Richmond and Lennox, dies at Paris, 190; of great promise, 191.

-, James, duke of Richmond, 229n.

-, Ludovic, seigneur d'Aubigny, abbé de Haute Fontaine, the Abbot Obigni, helps Batteville against Portuguese, 229; sends to Cardinal de Retz about Parma marriage, 248.

-, Mary, nee Villiers, duchess of Richmond, at Paris during troubles, 190.

sugar, cargoes of, from Lisbon, 234, 308.

Surrey, county of, attempted rising of lord Lichfield in, 59.

Sweden, Swedes:
-, Montagu's fleet to succour, 25; assistance to, would rouse hostility of Denmark, 5.
-, government would prefer to see differences with Denmark settled, 4; Pinocci come about, 9; to prevent English helping, 9.
-, English want to force Denmark to make peace advantageous to, 15; Danish ambassador makes proposals about, 32.
-, English privateers with patents from, 18, 34, 77.
-, peace negotiations with Poland, 49; proposed alliance with, 55.
-, truce said to be arranged with, 55; Dutch threaten to make separate peace with, 63; French and English commissioners favour, 145.
-, parliament's manner of receiving ministers of, 67.
-, defeat in Funen, 102; Dutch mean to act with vigour against, as do not accept Hague treaty, 160.
-, England prepared to assist Dutch against, 157; English deputies considered too partial to, 160.
-, Charles led to make declarations against, 167; proclamation intended to recall English serving, 188.
-, does not like Denmark to be prosperous, 214; movements of arouse jealousy of Rhenish league, 308.
-, embassy of congratulation expected from, 219.
-, suggested Venetian mission to, for help, 236; decision to do so, 249.

-, fleet of, at Copenhagen, 49.

-, king of. See Charles X; Charles XI.

-, queen mother of. See Hedwig Leonora, of Holstein Gottorp.

-, ships of. See ships, Swedish.

Swiss, proposal to send Giavarina to, 10; manner of Austria in recognising independence of, 254.

Sydenham, W., signs notification to foreign ministers, 22.

Sydney. See Sidney.

synod, intention to hold, for settlement of religion, 215.



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