Eagle, royal navy, action off Scilly islands, 137n.
East India Company, the Dutch:
-, English complaints against, 30; opposition to Downing's project, 50.
-, concerned in restoration of Guinea, 56; ships of arming, 100.
-, asks monopoly of trade with China and Japan, 69; war on account of injuries inflicted by, 93.
-, report of advocate general of, on safe arrival of ships, 202–3; slow in paying out money promised, 263.
-, the English, estimate of losses through Dutch, 18; say Dutch will ruin their trade, 49.
-, the French. See Royal Oriental Company.
East Indies. See Indies, East.
Eaton, Nicholas, mayor of Dover, presses men for fleet, 55.
Edinburgh, Scotland, riot of apprentices at, 73; York said to have gone to, 209; leading gentleman arrested at, 216.
Edzard Ferdinand, count of East Friesland, measures of defence, 201.
Eendracht. See Concord.
Egersund, Yeader in Norway, Dutch fleet up to, 196.
Elbe, River, 108.
-, Dutch East Indiaman unlading in, 210.
Elbing, treaty of, Sweden ready to fulfil, 75.
Elisabetta Maria. See Alette Marie.
Elizabeth, queen of England, reference to naval force of, 91; French pensions lapsed since time of, 239.
Elizabeth, royal navy, action off Scilly, 137.
Elmina, St. George del Mina, Mina, Gold Coast, W. Africa, 32n.
-, Dutch ordered to quit, 34; fall of confirmed, 45; Moors helped to take, 47.
-, Dutch governor forbids English, Swedes and Danes to trade, 37.
Elvetia. See Switzerland.
Embrun, archbishop of. See Aubusson, Georges d'.
Emden, Embden, Hemdem [East Friesland, German Empire]:
-, supposed designs of English fleet on, 119; putting defences in order, 201.
-, possible designs of Swedes and imperialists on, 211.
Emmerich, Emerich [Rhenish Prussia, German Empire], Brandenburg not asking for, 226.
emperor. See Charles V; Leopold.
empire. See Germany.
empress. See Gonzaga, Eleanora.
Ems, River, Rochelle ships escape to, 127; English prizes taken into, 181.
-, advices from, 2, 7, 25.
-,-, desire of Spain for good correspondence with, 3, 4; king disposed to satisfy about trading advantages, 4; duties on trade with Scotland and Ireland, to be considered, 12.
-,-, unlading of Zeeland goods in, forbidden, 12; no desire in for third quarrel, 15.
-,-, French mistrustful of aims of, 13; and of signs of friendship with Spain and Portugal, 21.
-,-, Spain holds out hopes to, 14; must climb down if France declares, 67.
-,-, Dutch sanguine about settlement with, 20; pressure of Denmark foments difficulties with Dutch, 30.
-,-, king's solicitude for quiet and advantage of, 21; unsettled state of makes war a great risk for king, 39.
-,-, cannot be invaded or insulted, at least in winter, 39; good pledges never popular in, 61.
-,-, enraged at being duped by Dutch, 52; will get no advantage from Sweden, 63.
-,-, war with, will unite all the Provinces, 52; van Beuning ready to proceed to, 63.
-,-, Dutch must make peace with on any terms, if France does not intervene, 63, 67; Dutch claim that first to break peace, 71.
-,-, France suspected of supplying with money, 63; Turenne favours because of Portugal, 85.
-,-, bound to make war as only way to ruin Dutch trade, 68; inviolability of, 85.
-,-, offers to Dutch of privateers against, 68; reported intention to declare war, 73.
-,-, Spain does not wish to provoke to draw near to France, 79; Sweden declares for, Denmark friendly to, 101.
-,-, disposition in towards accommodation with Dutch, 88; advantageous position of, for war, 97, 109.
-,-, general disposition in, to take up quarrel with Dutch, 103; extravagant demands of Dutch, 104; Dutch accuse of making the war, 119.
-,-, reported treaty with Denmark, 104; Spain may easily side with, against Dutch, 111; Spain fears naval predominance of, 117.
-,-, Sweden and Denmark said to have declared for, 119; Spain would rather see beaten than victorious, 154.
-,-, leaning in, for secret negotiation with Dutch, 122; everything said and done in reported in Holland, 126.
-,-, France unwilling to disoblige, 126; as formidable to France as to Dutch, 141; France will suffer from consequences of victory of, 148.
-,-, Dutch can always come to terms with, 141; not so proud, terms known, 198.
-,-, plague alone likely to check course of, 148; two points in favour, immunity from invasion and supremacy at sea, 155.
-,-, Spain's fear of excessive sea predominance of, 153; more jealous and suspect to Spain than ever, 154; Spain will never willingly abandon good understanding with, 168.
-,-, self interest impels Louis to oppose greatness of, 166; another defeat would leave Dutch at mercy of, 168.
-,-, van Beuningen says object of to replace Orange, 167; guarantor of Flanders against French designs, 175.
-,-, movements of become chief phenomenon of Europe, 168; French fear coalition with Spain, Portugal and German princes, 170.
-,-, French parlement forbids communication with, 170.
-,-, Munster receives money from, 171, 175; agreement with Munster causes alarm in Spain, 196.
-,-, successes and plans of deeply pondered in France, 173, 175; coalition of France, Sweden and Dutch against would check, 180.
-,-, Sweden will not abandon friendship of, 173; chief object of Spanish policy not to give offence to, 191.
-,-, many Dutch inclined to come to terms with, apart from France, 180; Louis unwilling to take sides against, 187; treaty with Sweden and Munster made known to Louis, 193.
-,-, Scottish estates forbid commerce with, during epidemic, 190; French will not allow packets from to be landed, 194.
-,-, Gamarra sure will not make peace, 193; Munster counting much on support of, 199; Munster receiving money from, 240.
-,-, Dutch cruisers sent against coasts of, 195; bent on the reduction of Dutch,212.
-,-, plague may cause to change plans, 199; plague spreading in, 200.
-,-, no ground for belief in secret Dutch arrangement with, 207; peace would be great relief to, 208; prospect of great war in Europe, if not kept busy, 211.
-,-, Sweden has only commercial treaty with, 211.
-,-, Denmark proposes to send embassy to, 211: Dutch obstinacy only makes more determined, 217.
-,-, Spanish desire to draw closer to, 220; difference of opinion over way may lead to trouble in, 233.
-,-, French hope to conciliate by offers of money, 235; fear of voracity of, 239; excitement in against Clarendon for receiving bribes from France, 244.
-,-, Louis consults council about relations with, 236.
-,-, Fanshaw's mission to Portugal chiefly in interest of, 241; Embrun's representations to Spain against alliance with, 242–3; French suspicion of dealings with Spain, 251–2.
-,-, would be good fortune for France to buy disturbances in, 244; French government anxious to avoid war with, 247; war declared on, 248; French reasons for changed, 249.
-,-, French attempt to buy off only made matters worse, 247; carried away by popular clamour, 249.
-,-, Queen Henrietta required to return to, 248, 280.
-,-, disastrous effects of French commercial policy on, 249; French hope to profit by lack of harmony between nobles and people in, 262.
-,-, open talk in Paris of not resisting, 252; people of Poitou abandon homes to avoid fighting, 254.
-,-, alliance of Austria with depends on arrangements with Spain, 253; Austrian suspicions of offer, 256.
-,-, Castel Rodrigo claims to be in position to influence, 257; Spaniards deny any understanding with, 262.
-,-, French declaration of war caused great commotion in, 258; French feared Spain joining against Dutch, 262.
-,-, proclamation that all Frenchmen will be welcome in, 258; plan for invading discussed in France, 262; French plans known in, 269.
-,-, measures taken to resist invasion, 269; French hope declaration may reduce to accept peace, 274.
-,-, supplies from to Munster cannot be kept up, 274; disdainful treatment of Munster, 278; angry with Munster for adjustment, money supplied to him, 287.
-,-, Charles writes that Louis misinformed about state of affairs in, 275.
-,-, contrives to carry on sea trade in midst of war, 275; small supply of currants for, from Cephalonia, 294.
-,-, Swedish mission to, to mediate, 278; French offers to take Portuguese affairs out of hands of, 280.
-,-, Charles says his mother's moves for peace mistrusted in, 280; difficult to make land conquests against France, 288; great increase of plague in, 298.
-, army of. See army.
-, fleet of. See navy.
-, king of, Dutch required to take passports from, to pass Channel, 104; plague likely to give better hold over survivors, 194.
-, -, See also Charles I; Charles II.
-, merchants of. See merchants, English.
-, queen of. See Catherine of Braganza; Elizabeth.
-, queen mother of. See Henrietta Maria.
-, ships of. See ships, English.
-, high handed procedure against Spaniards, 28; and against Dutch in W. Africa, 29; forbidden to trade on Guinea coast, 37; Ruyter clears from Guinea coast, 52, 58.
-, slow to stir but once launched, nothing can divert, 39; winter expected to cool ardour of, 62; claim access to Antwerp, 65.
-, troops in Dutch service, decision to dismiss, 67, 92; gave Turenne his most brilliant victory, 97.
-, boasting of anticipated victory, 81; determined to settle Dutch quarrel, 85.
-, not the slightest fear of invasion, 85; rejoice at rupture with Dutch, 98, 106.
-, fleet equipped without inconvenience to, 106; many serving Dutch, 109; companies reduced. 113.
-, not in Dutch interest to attack on own coasts, 120; animosity against French, 147, 166; broke windows of French ambassadors, 148; France has no greater enemies than, 200.
-, fear plague more than any foreign foe, 164; like Romans, never know when beaten, 176.
-, proposal to land force in Friesland, 169, 171.
-, determination of, despite plague and bad trade, 217; do not become better by affliction, only self interest can oblige to make peace, 220.
-, need wine for joyful celebrations, 221; king bridles ardour against French, 225; becoming increasingly eager for rupture, 227.
-, French declaration stimulates pugnacity of, 246; declaration of war with France very popular with, 266.
-, Spaniards know how to turn genius of to advantage, 252.
-, allowed another month for leaving France, 252; edict for expulsion modified, 254–5.
-, those in France to return at once, 258; French efforts to deprive of advantage of Barbary ports, 261.
-, Algerians incensed against, 261.
English Channel, the Channel:
-, Dutch fleet will go by, to escort merchantmen, 56; English not strong enough to prevent, 58; Bordeaux fleet eight days in, without mishap, 72; warships always cruising in, 73.
-, Dutch fleet not strong enough to convoy ships through, 59; Zeeland squadron sails for, 82.
-, false report of Evertsen passing through, 83; Dutch required to have passports to pass, 104; French to dip flag to English in, 112.
-, French ships forbidden to put out into, 232; French ships captured in, 266; English fleet cruising in, 292.
Ent, George, lectures on anatomy before king, knighted, 115.
envoys. See ambassadors.
Erfurt, Erdford, Esfort [Saxony, German Empire], Sweden displeased with Louis over, 144, 201; Protestant ill will for France over, 169; Swedes thinking of way to set free, 173.
Erizzo, Giacomo, Proveditore of Zante:
-, despatch to Senate, 6.
-, unable to farm out currant tax, 6.
Ernest Augustus, bishop of Osnabruck, duke of Luneburg, adjustment with brother, 181; Dutch send, to ask for troops, 185, 201.
Esfort. See Erfurt.
Essex, county of, gunfire heard in, 182.
Essonne, Essone [Seine et Oise, France]. despatch dated at, 22.
Estat d' Utrecht, Dutch navy, destroyed in battle, 152.
Estrades, Geffroi, comte d', dell' Estrades, French ambassador at the Hague, 205.
-, offers mediation with England, 32; reply to, 32–3.
-, demand for restitution of New Belgium communicated to, 51; copies of van Gogh's letters communicated to, 66.
-, will counteract evil offices of Fitzhardinge, 62; nothing said of journey to England, 103.
-, working to adjust differences of Dutch with German princes and Malta, 72; Dutch would like to intervene in their favour, 101.
-, promises king will carry out treaty, 72, 82; told all offices useless, unless king supplies aid, 83.
-, says king labouring for armistice, 86; Dutch get no advantage from declarations, 100.
-, asks for delivery of ships bought, 98; asks permission to buy two ships for fleet, 134.
-, ordered to London, 109; goes to Dunkirk to confer with Courtin, 111.
-, says Dutch fleet will come out, 127; will make known true state of Dutch affairs, 162.
-, to tell all foreign ministers that Louis means to unite with Dutch, 162; presents memorial about mission of Lessein, 171; Charles Colbert confers with, 255.
-, confirms king's decision to declare for Dutch, 178; holds out hopes of agreement with England, 287.
-, reports Beaufort at Belle-Isle, 201; reports safe arrival of Dutch merchant fleets, 203; Courtin to succeed, 234.
Estremos [Alemtejo, Portugal], battle of, 94d.
Evertsen, Everts, Everson, Evertszoon, Cornelis, son of Jan, taken prisoner in fight, 112, 116; king releases, 112; appointed rear admiral, 167.
-, Cornelis, brother of Jan:
commanded sixth squadron of fleet, 167; appointed lieut. admiral, 167; commands fleet in Tromp's absence, 171.
reports English sighted off Vlie, 171–2; commands second squadron of Dutch fleet, 185.
-, Jan, Lieutenant Admiral of Zeeland, 150, 167.
said to have passed the Channel, 83; with fleet, 121; commanded second squadron of fleet, 133.
retreat of, from battle, 139, 141, 145; reported killed, 142.
indignation with, taken to Hague, 140; defends himself before States General, sent for examination, 141; roughly handled by mob, 151.
devoted to King Charles, Holles defends, 145; testimony of officers to good behaviour of, 149; successful defence of, 156.
French thought failed in loyalty rather than courage, 156; trial of, discourages fleet, 161; acquittal of, imputed to favour, 176.
Eydeler, Eylor. See Dylerschans.