Kampen, Campen [Prov. Overyssel, Netherlands], ships of, in grand fleet, 56.
Kaplan Mustafa, Turkish Captain Pasha, demands ships from foreign ministers, for war service, 202.
Keelong, Quelangh, Formosa, E. Indies, Dutch fortify at, 185.
Kent, county of, gunfire heard in, 182.
Kepples. See Meppel.
Killigrew, Kilgrey, Killegreu, Colonel Sir William, highly esteemed by king, 27; made colonel of Admiral's regiment, 58.
Kilpatric. See Kirkpatrick.
King, Captain, of Mermaid, takes Dutch privateers, 115, 120n.
King Solomon, Dutch ship, captured in battle off Cadiz, 77.
King's Bench, chief justice of. See Hyde, Robert.
Kinighsech. See Königseck.
Kirby, Lazirby, Captain, killed in battle, 150.
Kirkpatrick, Kilpatric, Col. John, command, in Dutch army, 179; going with Prince Maurice to Zwolle, 185.
Kiuprili, Ahmed, Grand Vizier of Turkey:
-, urged not to receive French ambassador, 116; demands use for war of all merchantmen in Turkish ports, 186, 202.
-, closes Alexandretta to English ships, 232; Winchelsea adjusts matter with, 234.
Klingenbergh, Paul, Danish ambassador to England and Holland, replaced Rosenwing, 195; at the Hague, 226.
Königseck, Chinigsech, Chinisech, Coningsech, Kinighsech, count of, imperial ambassador in England, 7.
-, has audience of royalties, 12; commissioners appointed to treat with, 14; well received and entertained but little chance of success, 16.
-, proposal to send to England again, 282; Carlingford came in response to mission of, 285.
Königsmarck, Chinigsmack, Otto William de, ambassador of Sweden in France, 173.
-, not present at Queen Henrietta's conference, 290.
La Fuente. See Tello de Guzman, Gaspard.
Lamberg, Lambergh, John Maximilian count of, Austrian minister, deputed to treat with Carlingford, 251; sent to ask him to stay on awhile, 282.
Lambert, John, to be sent to Tangier, 16.
-, Captain, back from Tangier with Happy Return, 96.
Languedoc, France, Abbé Beaufort a gentleman of, 188; rebels from Auvergne proceed to, 267; Monsieur and government of, 270.
La Rochelle. See Rochelle.
Lauderdale, earl of. See Maitland, John.
Laudson. See Lawson.
La Valliere, Louise Francoise, Mile. de, 184.
law, bill to remedy abuses in, 7; parliament busy with, 84, 86, 89; king gives royal assent to, 92.
Lawrence, John, lord mayor of London, governor of London, tells king of decision to replace London, 95; fearful of plague, has glass cabinet made to give audience, 182.
Lawson, Laudson, Lauson, Leveson, Sir John, Vice Admiral:
-, at Lisbon with fleet, 2; took Fanshaw to Lisbon, proceeded to Algiers, 3.
-, to treat for accommodation with Barbary corsairs, 5; expected at Algiers, 14; at Majorca, 17; recovers English ships at Algiers, 18; leaves ships to blockade port, 18.
-, recalled from Mediterranean, 9; captures Turkish warship on return, 18.
-, arrangement with Algerians, 18–9, 64n; threatens war, 19.
-, returning to home waters, 35; goes to Cadiz to clean ships, 38; back with his squadron, 48, 50.
-, Ruyter informed of orders to go to Salee, 50; Allen succeeded in Mediterranean, 61n.
-, Vice Admiral under York, 60, 105; wounded in battle, 149; dies of wound, no substitute appointed, 164.
Lazirby. See Kirby.
-, seized by Venetians on English ship, 5; to be restored, 9.
-, shortage of in France, efforts to supply, 265; Beaufort making provision of, 277.
Leghorn [Prov. Livorno, Italy], 264. news from, 18, 79.
-, English ships at ordered to make reprisals on Dutch, 76; probable minister to look after Dutch interests at, 128.
-, trade threatened by Anglo-Dutch war, 76, 80; anxiety at, because of war, 81.
-, has few ships of its own, 76; French ships alone trading at, 81.
-, Court leaving for, 80; Finch to look after English interests at, 138; English from attend Finch's first audience, 158; English at celebrate victories, 221.
-, Grand Duke suffers great injury at, from war, 163; nine English ships taking refuge in, 265; English merchantman takes refuge at from Dutch ship, 284.
-, agent of Beaufort at, making provision of powder and lead, 277.
-, Finch proposes to live at when Smith's squadron comes, 284; fleet no longer expected at, provisions to be sold, 287.
-, consul, Dutch. See Straten. Pieter van der.
-, -, English at. See Chillingworth, Charles.
Leiden. See Leyden.
Leone, il. See Young Lion.
Leopard, royal navy, Delft taken by, 152.
Leopold, the emperor, Cæsar:
-, Dutch help for will depend on England, 6; Charles in no position to help, 14, 16, 17.
-, Winchelsea sent for about peace with, 20; peace with Turks, 50.
-, proposes to send troops to Netherlands, 69; Charles asks to join in war against Dutch, 72, 74.
-, marriage of, 69, 166n, 200n.
-, offers alliance to Dutch, 72; assurances to Dutch, 74; wishes to live on good terms with them, 201.
-, sending troops to Flanders, 73; asks for neutrality of Hanse Towns, 134.
-, Louis sends help to, against Turks, 101.
-, English talk of sending embassy to, 177; reported in coalition against Dutch, 189.
-, troops of, arrive in Flanders, 181; empress dowager may take possession of Flanders in name of, 211.
-, means to preserve the Low Countries, 181; Spain wishes to declare for their preservation, 200.
-, protests that did not encourage Munster, 200–1; difficult to get immediate declaration from, 246.
-, Carlingford has audience of, 246; Carlingford tries to persuade to alliance, 269.
-, speaks confidently of peace with Portugal, 246; delighted by news of truce, 251.
-, alliance with England depends on arrangements with Spain, 253; intent on avoiding clashes and to benefit by troubles of others, 265, 277.
-, will never willingly plunge into war, 253; decides to send to princes of empire about maintaining status quo, 261.
-, recruiting for regiments of, proceeds slowly, 257; Brandenburg ready to face, if supports Munster, 278.
-, Carlingford hoped would send some one to England, 271; critical condition of Munster represented to, 273; reply justifying inaction of, 273–4.
-, Gremonville to urge to mediate about Munster, 274; reply given, but no decision, 277.
-, Carlingford's farewell audience of, 279, 284; asks him to stay on awhile, 282.
-, Lesley's arrangements for news depend on disposition of, 282.
-, greatly distressed by breakdown of Portugal negotiations, 282; asks for Carlingford's return, 287, 294.
-, junta at Madrid to suggest attitude to Carlingford's proposals, 283.
Leslie, Lesle, Walter, count, imperial ambassador to the Porte:
-, not starting yet, 100; intimate relations with Winchelsea, 186; Rycaut to accompany, 202; communicates suspicions of Panagiotti to Winchelsea, 282.
-, Ballarino mistrustful of, 186; dislike of Casa Nova, 282.
-, expected to go to England as ambassador, 202n; determined to prevent Venice making peace, 282.
-, sent to warn Munster and others against making trouble for Dutch, 169, 171, 173.
-, not known what he brought back, 180.
Le Tellier, François Michel, marquis de Louvois, Louvoy, 203.
-, arrests chevalier de Guette and Abbé Beaufort, 184.
-, Dutch fear of losing trade of, to England, 7; English fear about trade, prevents helping emperor, 14.
-, Grand Duke's flag cannot approach marts of, with safety, 80; three French ships from captured, 240.
-, French fear of mischief in ports of, 265; Beaufort can harass trade with, from Brest, 297.
Levant Company, Turkey Company:
-, Batchelor a ship of, 5n; interested in having peace with corsairs, 61.
-, Dutch fear transfer of trade to, 7; value of cloth trade of prevents help for emperor, 16.
-, estimate of losses through Dutch, 18; fraud by factors of, at Aleppo, 123n.
Leveson. See Lawson.
-, English for Portugal, 3.
-, refused by Neuburg to Dutch, 108; Dutch obtain, despite refusal of all their neighbours, 113, 119.
-, of Irish for Flanders, 251.
Ley, James, earl of Marlborough, killed in action with Dutch, 142, 150.
Leyden, Leiden [Prov. S. Holland, Netherlands], mortality from plague at, 45; reported revolt at, in favour of Orange, 158.
Liegois, lord Carrington murdered by, executed, 88.
-, Gramont obtains levy of, 263.
Lillo [Prov. Antwerp, Belgium], English claim access by way of, 65; Spaniards stop commerce by way of, 148.
Lily, royal navy, stops Dutch ship in Solent, 55.
Lionne, Liona, Hughes de, marquis de Fresne, French foreign secretary:
-, does not reply about Orange, as promised, 15; replies at last, 21.
-, suspicion from frequenting Holles, 53; opinion on peace prospects, 82.
-, on need for agreement to act against corsairs, 82; Lessein nephew of, 169n.
-, van Beuningen warns of English ambitions, 105; promised Holles there should be no further move, 109; tells Beuningen that mediation accepted, 111.
-, Holles complains to, of action of French nobles, 129n; Holles complains to about Carignan lackeys, 192.
-, tries to persuade Swedish secretary to forward Terlon's negotiations, 173.
-, Sagredo sees and presses for help against Turk, 183; hints at approaching declarations for Dutch, 184.
-, thinks Dutch will be more difficult about peace, with arrival of merchant fleets, 203.
-, Holles makes representations to, for Bailleul, 213, 216; Holles remonstrates with about edict against English, 255.
-, will write to prevent ships serving Turks, 214; charges van Beuningen with trying to force hands of French, 292.
Lippomanno, Andrea, Venetian Proveditore of Cephalonia:
-, despatches to Senate, 232, 294.
-, difficulty of finding money through lack of English ships, 232.
-, Lawson at, with fleet, 2; Fanshaw visited on way to Spain, 3.
-, Colbert Terron sails for, with money, 13; Holmes takes Dutch prizes into, 67.
-, troops sent to, from England, 16; French ships to change flag at, 108; ships to take queen to, countermanded, 188.
-, Dutch ship from captured, 206; St. Romain on way to, 228; king leaves for pleasure resort, 255.
-, Fanshaw sends to, to arrange place of meeting, 238; he starts without hearing from, 243.
-, peace would be welcome at, 245; rumour at that peace accepted but not a truce, 259; answer upon negotiations expected at, 295.
-, Fanshaw supposed to have gone to, 264; Southwell stayed at, 271; false report that Fanshaw at, 288; Southwell sent to, to co-operate in negotiations, 296.
-, Smith's squadron at, 292.
Lobkowitz, Eusebius Wenzel, prince of, Prince Locovez, appointed to treat with Carlingford, 251.
Lochem, Lochen [Prov. Gelderland, Netherlands], French and Dutch recapture, 240.
London, 148–9, 186.
-, advices from, 2, 7, 12, 20, 37, 43–6, 48, 52, 55, 59, 61, 65, 73, 75, 83, 86, 89, 92, 95, 98, 102, 105, 109, 115, 120, 122, 125, 131, 141, 149, 266.
-, news from, 13, 17, 24–5, 31, 35, 49, 51, 68, 74, 113, 119, 137, 147, 172, 181, 194, 218.
-, rumours in, 122.
-, Batteville knew Fanshaw in, 221.
-,-, order banishing officers from, 8, 13; return of king and queen to delayed, 45.
-,-, riot of apprentices in, 10; Chevalier Grammont in, 57.
-,-, plate remitted from Madrid to, 14; council for trade meets frequently in, 45.
-,-, Fanshaw said to be leaving for, 17; Downing undertakes to go to, 24, 26.
-,-, Dutch ambassador leaves for, 27; and arrives in, 27; takes house in, 32.
-,-, acts concerning Guinea published in, 33; Dutch goods confiscated in, 64.
-,-, ships leave for whale and herring fishing, 34; St. Jacob bound for, 67n.
-,-, proposed levy of 100,000l. in, 51; king asks payment of loan front, 62.
-,-, Rouvigny sent to, 57; Holmes expected at, 73; envoy from Muscovy in, 75.
-,-, draws to itself all the trade of the three kingdoms, 63.
-,-, comet seen in, 75n.
-,-, people urged to work for defence of trade and supremacy at sea, 82.
-,-, French ambassadors delay starting for, 85; Verneuil preparing equipage for, 88.
-,-, demonstrations against Dutch in, 85; war against Dutch proclaimed in, 90, 98; power given to reduce price of coal in, 92.
-,-, van Gogh not allowed to leave, 94; French ambassadors expected at, 103; Louis unlikely to give up negotiations in, 105.
-,-, decision to replace the frigate London, 95; chooses commissioner to collect contributions for, 99.
-,-, soldiers for fleet march from, 98; troops from Ireland marching to, 102; volunteers sent to, from Oxford, 103.
-,-, comment in, on non appearance of French ambassadors, 106; they arrive in, 109; their entry supposed, 121; Humières came to with, 165.
-,-, Santa Maria sent to, 109; prizes brought to, 120, 155.
-,-, Estrades ordered to, 109; Molina arrives in, 110; Verneuil leaves to hunt, 112.
-,-, banquet to French ministers in, 118; their public entry into, 125; Verneuil celebrated victory in, other ambassadors' windows broken, 148.
-,-, duchess of York returns to, 130; talk of court leaving, 132; York not staying in, as expected, 155.
-,-, plague increasing in, 132, 142, 151, 161; ravages of plague in, 164, 170, 175, 178, 182, 187, 190, 194, 197–200, 209, 217.
-,-, news of battle reaches, 136; gun fire of battle heard in, 141; York did not come to after battle as intended, 151.
-,-, all letters of held up in France, 143; report of Ruyter brought to, 155.
-,-, granted king four times as much for war with France, 147; France insensible to insult to ambassadors in, 162.
-,-, Finch without news from, 158; French ambassadors leaving because of plague, 160.
-,-, Molina makes public entry into, 161; Portuguese ambassador for, 188.
-,-, queen mother leaves, 161; Louis expected to recall ambassadors from, 178.
-,-, Sagredo's correspondent leaves because of plague, 162, 170, 178; Monk refuses to abandon charge of, 180.
-,-, courier sent to, about ships seized, 173; correspondence of Abbé Beaufort with, 188.
-,-, cut off from communication by plague, 190; high death roll, though deserted, 197.
-,-, Winchelsea sending Rycaut to, 202; St. Albans leaves for, with proposals, 224, 228.
-,-, plague beginning to abate in, 212, 221, 227; lack of precaution at Cadiz with ships from, 213.
-,-, Louis sends express to, about flag incident, 217; Court in disliked in, 222.
-,-, proposal to send Orange to, to treat, 221; Aubigny arranges to live privately in, 225.
-,-, squibs posted in, on supposed French bribing, 246–7; war with France and Dutch proclaimed in, 266.
-,-, king returns to, 258; queen returning to, 267.
-,-, English in France ordered to return to, 258; Montagu leaves, 280; Spaniards propose to send envoy to, 282.
-,-, Louis complains of insolence shown to him in, 281.
-, aldermen of, thank king for preventing new bridge over Thames, 46n; given power to reduce price of coal, 92; inform king of decision to replace London, 95; attend proclamation of war with France, 266.
-, common council of, agrees to loan to equip ships, 28.
-, lord mayor of, governor of, given power to reduce once of coal, 92.
-, -, See also Bateman, Sir Anthony; Bludworth, Sir Thomas; Lawrence, John.
-, places in and near:
Chelsea, Molina lodged at, 161.
Exchange, Petersen whipped round, 85n.
Guildhall, council for trade meets frequently at, 45.
Hyde Park, Haiparch, Monk sets up barracks in, 178.
Lambeth, proposed bridge at, quashed, 46.
the Tower, 161.
Lambert confined in, 16; Holmes released from, 82; Cunaeus sent to, 169n; Lord Morfil sent to, 209.
-, lieutenant of. See Robinson, Sir John.
comet seen at, 75.
-, palace, king means to rebuild in style of banqueting hall, 55; Verneuil to be accommodated at, 87; declaration from, 93.
-, -, banqueting hall, Molina has audience at, 161.
London, royal navy:
-, blown up near the Nore, 93; decision to replace, 95, 99; king thanks city for offer of, 96.
-, talk of bad omen laughed at, 94.
Lonenburg. See George William, duke of Luneburg.
Lords, House of, Upper House:
-, urged to provide for better collection of taxes, 6.
-, letter of Bristol brought to, 6; king thanks for sending Bristol's letter, 7; lady Bristol brought communication from husband to, 8.
-, open objection to war with France, begins to speak out, 233.
-, -, Speaker of. See Hyde, Robert.
-, -, See also parliament.
Lorraine, Prince Charles of, Louis wished to prevent marrying princess of Nemours, 17.
-, Henry of, count of Harcourt Armagnac, count of Armagnac, takes Holles to audience, 1.
Louis XIV, king of France, the Most Christian:
-, knights of Malta sold island of St. Eustache to, 222.
-,-, receives Holles and proceeds to Paris, 1; Holles speaks to, about Orange, 15; attitude about Orange, 21.
-,-, supports marriage of princess of Nemours with Portugal, 17; Holles presents James Hamilton and M. Tartareau to, 37.
-,-, would be suited by war between English and Dutch, 21; mediation offered between English and Dutch, 32–3, 56; Charles urged to accept, 39.
-,-, persistence in calling Council of State, 21; English will not venture to attack if really means to interpose, 62.
-,-, can alone prevent Anglo-Dutch war, 37; both sides looking to, 42.
-,-, Dutch accept mediation of, 42; Dutch confident that can force English to accept mediation, 51.
-,-, proposal of Holles to, to unite against Dutch, 42; said to be encouraging Charles to persist against Dutch, 53; English efforts to detach from Dutch, 57.
-,-, Spaniards try to excite English jealousy of, 54.
-,-, Spaniards fear English may sell them to, 54; English offer co-operation to destroy corsairs, 57; Fitzhardinge sent to notify of Charles' intentions, 62.
-,-, must help Dutch if English first to break, 58; English warlike preparations not pleasing to, 62; Dutch hopes of, 63, 67.
-,-, may win great glory by securing peace, 62; an opportunity to win Dutch for ever, 63.
-,-, van Beuninghen to call upon to observe treaty of alliance, 62–4, 68; bound to guarantee Dutch herring fishery, 74.
-,-, suspicion roused by favour shown to Fitzhardinge, 64; jealous of keeping his word, 68; Dutch confide in word of, 71; promises to carry out treaty, 72.
-,-, Dutch putting in troublesome dilemma, 78; will keep treaty with Dutch, 82, 92.
-,-, Fuente reports powerful naval arming of, 80; arming to be ready for anything, 85.
-,-, Charles ready to listen to counsels of, 82; Charles's offers, to arrive at alliance with, 83.
-,-, expects to be sole mediator between English and Dutch, 85; sending superb embassy for effecting reconciliation, 86; orders ambassadors to start at once, 90.
-,-, cannot abandon Dutch, 85; labouring for an armistice, 86; making no effort to avoid consequences of rupture, 87; suspected collusion of Charles with, to raise money, 89.
-,-, sends to England to demand release of French ship, 90; unlikely to have sent embassy if mediation not previously accepted, 94; unlikely to give up negotiations in London, 105.
-,-, cannot convince Dutch of good intentions, 95; could have held balance more easily at earlier stage, 97; Dutch dissatisfied with attitude of, 118–9.
-,-, demands delivery of ships bought from Dutch, 98, 106; Dutch offer transports to, 101.
-,-, Turks resent interference in Hungary, 101; schemes of, on death of Philip IV 131.
-,-, Dutch offer unacceptable to, 101–2; orders seizure of Dutch ships, 103, 106; allows Dutch ships to leave ports under own flag, 135.
-,-, thought to have stopped ambassadors, 106; proposed mediation, 110; Charles accepts mediation, 112.
-,-, defeat may throw Dutch into arms of, 117; union of northern powers adds to determination to increase forces at sea, 118; buys ships for, 134.
-,-, Bennet's toast of not answered by Comenge, 118; sends nobles to Bastille for insulting Holles, 129.
-,-, mediation does not affect determination of Charles to prosecute war, 120; safe for France and Dutch that should make the peace, 122; no sign of success of mediation, 154.
-,-, unaware of dissatisfaction of Dutch, 137; considering obligations to help Dutch, 143.
-,-, Holles goes to inform of victory, 138, 143; urges Charles to make peace, 143, 147; excellent understanding with Charles, 170.
-,-, Sweden displeased with over Erfurt and pensions, 144; planned to land regiments in England, if Dutch won, 151.
-,-, sent force to reduce Erfurt, 144n; Protestant feeling against because of, 169.
-,-, speaks to Madame of pledge to help Dutch, 147; registers edict that looks like fresh treaty with Dutch, 156.
-,-, unlikely to break with anyone except out of pure necessity, 147; Spaniards expect to interpose in earnest, 160.
-,-, London more ready to advance money to fight, than Dutch, 147; Dutch offered more before interposition of, 165.
-,-, Holles thanks for protection of English ship at Calais, 156; obliged by self interest to oppose greatness of England, 165–6.
-,-, van Beuningen tries to pledge more deeply to Dutch, 156; openly expresses sympathy with Dutch, 159; intention to unite with Dutch declared, 162.
-,-, English certain to defer to declaration of, 157; Dutch surprised at insensibility to outrage on ambassadors in London, 162; Charles promises reparation for, 170.
-,-, after a second battle will be unable to control affairs, 162; unlikely to declare before knows Dutch position about Flanders, 166.
-,-, advised Dutch not to let fleet go out, 163; sent to remonstrate about seizure of ships, 173.
-,-, orders parlement to register treaty with Dutch, 165; cannot suffer Dutch to perish, 166; nothing in favour of Dutch except possibility of declaration by, 168.
-,-, promised help against Munster, 167; sends gentleman to Munster with threat of intervention, 169, 171; proposes to balance matters by remittances of money, 173.
-,-, fear of coalition, notably sad for some days, 170; proceedings of English weigh deeply on, 175; position of affairs with, 177.
-,-, demands passage for troops of La Fuente, 171, 190; thought to be trick to deceive Dutch, 190.
-,-, van Beuningen presses for fulfilment of treaty, 174; tells van Beuningen of disposition to declare for Dutch, 178.
-,-, Colbert labouring to enable to dispose of great sums, 177; has Abbé Beaufort sent to Bastille, 184, 188.
-,-, fear of commotion in Germany may prevent declaring against Munster, 177; Dutch do not want army from, unless declares against England, 180.
-,-, expected to recall ambassadors from London, 178; hint at imminent declaration for Dutch, 184.
-,-, example of, in relieving Venice, 183; supplying Dutch with money, 191.
-,-, no sign of active assistance for Dutch, 187; Renswoude sceptical of any serious intention to help against Munster, 191; sending forces to Gelderland, 227.
-,-, Lionne ready to speak to about Carignan affair, 192; gave no satisfaction upon, 212.
-,-, treaty between England, Sweden and Munster communicated to, 193; Dutch do not want troops from unless declares against England, 199.
-,-, orders relaxation of severity against English letters, 194; sends express to London about flag incident, 217.
-,-, England and Spain will have same interest to thwart in Flanders, 198; letters of Courtin to about bribing Commons, 217.
-,-, Dutch press for categorical answer and rupture with England, 198; sends an express to English Court, 210.
-,-, Courtin writes to about Charles coming to terms with Dutch, 200; States General will not make peace without, 204, 222.
-,-, informs Fuente of safe arrival of Dutch merchantmen, 203.
-,-, promises help to Dutch against Munster, 207, 210; England likely to break with, if does so, 207, 220.
-,-, sends Airon to Germany, 210; disapproves of Courtin's last acts and proposes to recall, 222.
-,-, response of Sweden to uncertain, 216; sends d'Andilly to Sweden to thwart English intrigues, 231.
-,-, Holles puts off seeing about death of king of Spain, 217; Holles at length has audience about, 225.
-,-, Dutch unwilling to separate interests from, 222; bound to help Dutch but arms not directed against England, 231.
-,-, Charles spoke in fulsome terms about, to parliament, 222.
-,-, drastic measures to prevent risings in country and hostile attacks, 223; begins to issue, patents for cornets of horse, 228.
-,-, packets from Verneuil to, taken from courier, 224.
-,-, Gramont jests with about ill treatment of Holles' cook, 225; remarks on Holles' indiscretion, 236; calls Commons a canaille, 239.
-,-, does everything proper to avoid rupture, 226; La Fuente writes of desire to avoid hostilities, 230.
-,-, reply of Charles to offer of mediation, 228; offer of mediation by, 229.
-,-, means to have army ready in spring, 230; good to have strong force in Holland, for claims on Flanders, 234.
-,-, ambassadors in England inform of dismissal, 230; Holles takes leave of, 236.
-,-, Bordelais forward letter of Charles, to them, with assurances of devotion, 231.
-,-, prolonged council held before, desire to avoid breach, 233; held council after Holles' departure, spoke of relations with England and asked advice, 236.
-,-, Portugal likely to pay more heed to promises of, 238; a friend but not an ally of Portugal, 270.
-,-, tries to reconcile Monsieur and console Madame, 239.
-,-, parlement gives preference over all other creditors, 240.
-,-, Embrun represents advantage to Spain, of dealing with Portugal through, 242; Spanish suspicion of, 242–3.
-,-, Venetian representations to, for peace, 243; report of satisfaction for, from England, 244; Holles refuses present offered by, 248; Holles asked for passport, 251.
-,-, tells Queen Henrietta that war forced on him, 247; van Beuningen pressed to declare war, 248.
-,-, sends Vivonne to secure Toulon, 248; orders Beaufort to do utmost to engage Smith, 263.
-,-, allows wine to pass duty free, at request of Charles, 252; Charles calls ‘the French King,’ 267.
-,-, Spain feels threatened by desire of peace with England, 252.
-,-, mother warns Spain of pretensions to Flanders, 252; parlement of Bordeaux forwards letter of Charles to, 253; sets apart fund for Indiamen, 268.
-,-, declared war from fear of Spain joining against Dutch, 262; war declared on, 266.
-,-, plan for invading England discussed in cabinet of, 262; activity in reviewing troops, 265; secret plans of known to English, 269, 275.
-,-, angry about recall of Douglas and Scottish guards, 265; resents hostile action of Charles, 281.
-,-, Queen Henrietta shows letter of Charles to, perturbed, 275; affection for her, 280–1.
-,-, Spaniards relieved that promise to Portugal given before war with England, 276; offers mediation simultaneously to Spain and Portugal, 280; upset Fanshaw's negotiations, 295.
-,-, complains of insults shown in London, 281; gives Munster the guarantee requested, 285.
-,-, sent Guitry to oversee Ventelet's reception, 285n;
-,-, would like to recover ancient demesnes of crown, 291; evil intentions fomented by any report of Anglo-Spanish union, 294.
Louvois, marquis de. See Le Tellier, François Michel.
Low Countries. See Flanders.
Lower House. See Commons, House of.
Lowestoft, battle of:
-, news at Paris, reported Dutch victory, 136; report of victory from Hague, 138.
-, news of English victory at Paris, 138; accounts of, 139, 144–6, 149–50; list of ships taken and destroyed, 152.
-, celebrations of victory, 147–8; at Florence, 158; Fanshaw informs Medina of, but does not celebrate, 159.
-, medal claiming sea supremacy struck before, 148n; effects of news of, in Spain, 153.
-, Tromp describes to States of Holland, 158.
Loyal London, royal navy, king gives name to ship presented by city, 99.
Lubeck [German Empire], ship of brought prize to London, 120.
Lule Burgas, Bergas [Thrace], 116.
Luneburg, duke of. See Ernest Augustus; George William.
Luxemburg, duchy of:
-, French demand passage through, 226.
-, troops of cannot prevent passage of French, 218.