Sa e Menezes, Francesco de, secretary to the Ambassador Mello, treats with Colbert, and returns to Portugal to report, 13.
Saasburg, Thomas, Dutch resident at Brussels, Castel Rodrigo tells of efforts of Charles against Dutch, 72; Castel Rodrigo intimates to his willingness to arrange adjustment with Munster, 257.
Sagredo, Alvise, Venetian ambassador in France:
-, despatches to the Senate, 1, 5–7, 10, 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 24–7, 29–34, 37–9, 41, 43–4, 46–7, 51–3, 55, 57, 60, 64, 67, 71, 74, 82, 84, 87, 90, 94, 97, 101, 104, 108, 111, 118, 121, 124, 129, 130, 136, 138, 143–4, 147, 154, 160, 163, 167–8, 173, 175, 181, 183–4, 187, 192, 194, 197, 199, 200, 203, 206, 208, 211, 214–6, 218–9, 221, 224, 227.
-, instructions to, 32, 50, 53, 78, 128, 217.
-, letters of Holles to. 112, 205, 207.
-, exchange of compliments with Holles, 2; to see Holles about difference with Cornaro, 33.
-, Boreel's secretary informs of position with England, 29; deprecates hostilities between Christian powers, 29, 30, 82, 109.
-, to cultivate friendliness of Holles, 50; thanks Holles about S. Gio. Battista, 104, 108.
-, Boreel to assure of Dutch readiness for friendly treaty, 72.
-, speaks to Holles about Santa Maria, 109; asks Holles to write against ships helping Turks, 118, 128; Holles sees about Santa Maria, 197.
-, Holles informs of victory, 138; hopes that encounter will lead to peace, 139; congratulates Holles, 144.
-, sees Queen Henrietta at Colombes, 170; sees envoy of Munster, 199.
-, thanks Boreel about Stricher, 177; Boreel tells has no hope of peace, 178.
-, sees Lionne and presses for help against Turk, 183; persuades Holles to perform office of condolence, 225.
Sagun Aga Gheilant, governor of Algiers, advantage expected from death of, 5.
-, in foreign service, recalled, 25–6; pressed for fleet, 44, 55; king ordains levy of, 59.
-, prize money for, care for wounded and dependents, 55; number brought by Owen to Chester, 84.
-, ship full of, reported sunk by Dutch, 60; those of Cromwell's time come forward to serve, 61; readily offer service, 95.
-, fresh supplies of, from ships arriving, 106; all in fleet are natives, 109.
-, York takes from colliers, for fleet, 141, 144.
-, English expected to find money to pay, from Dutch merchantmen at Bergen, 189; English fleet short of, to fill up from colliers, 292.
cast into prison in England, 68; 5000 additional levied, total serving, 69; shortage of, in fleet, 103, 110, 112, 114, 120.
deserting fleet for privateers, 103; animated against English by reports of cruelty, 114.
ships manned by to be considered enemy, 111; increase of pay brings more than wanted, 112–4; States hire number of foreign, 132.
eager to fight, 113, 136; encouraged by capture of Hamburg fleet, 134; difficulty in getting for fleet, have lost heart, 161.
200 helped in defence of Bergen, 186; strong enough to overpower the native garrison, 189.
St. Albans, earl of. See Jermyn, Henry.
St. Christopher, St. Christofle, island of, West Indies, 222.
-, governor of, reports Prince Maurice alive, 2.
St. Duick. See Montagu, Edward, earl of Sandwich.
St. Eustache, S. Eustacchio, island of, West Indies, English capture, 222.
St. George del Mina. See Elmina.
St. Germain en Laye [Seine et Oise, France], 248.
-, Holles has audience at, 1; Petrelli sent to England from, 131.
-, secrecy at over naval battle, 136; courier at from ambassadors in London, 138.
-, Holles goes to, to inform king of victory, 138, 143; Holles goes to, to thank king, 156.
-, van Beuningen in frequent conference with ministers at, 160.
-, declaration of war dated at, 250; order dated at, 255.
St. Helena, island:
-, Ruyter said to have gone to, 133.
-, English ships from E. Indies refresh at, 133.
St. Jacob, Swedish ship, seized by Dutch, release demanded, 67.
St. Jean Baptiste, purchased by French, demand for delivery, 98; Dutch offer transports instead of, 101; Dutch reluctant to let go, 103; States decide to let go, 106.
St. John, Sain Johns, lord. See Paulet, Charles.
St. Malo [Ille et Vilaine, France]:
-, news from, 269.
-, ships of bring naval stores to Portsmouth, 121; reported engagement of ships of, with English or Turks, 260n; defences strengthened, 270.
St. Michiel. See Mont St. Michel.
St. Romain, baron de. See Senevas, Melchior de Harod de.
St. Valery, Valeri [Somme, France], quarters at for ambassadors' quarantine, 231; they arrive at, 236.
Saintes, Sant [Charente Inf., France], bishop of. See Bassompierre, Louis de.
Salee, Sali [Morocco, N. Africa], Ruyter ordered to, 50.
Saligny, Jean de, comte do Coligny, led force to Hungary against Turks, 101.
Salisbury, co. Wilts, king may go on to, 161; he leaves for, 165, 182; reported spread of plague to, 209.
Salm, rheingrave of. See Magnus, rheingrave of Salm.
-, Scottish ships with cargo of, 120; captured in Dutch ship, 132; English declare contraband, 137; made contraband because Dutch short of, 149.
-, exportation from France, 147; importation to England forbidden, 155.
-, two French ships captured with, 225; English fleet short of, 292.
saltpetre, exportation forbidden, 8.
Salvaterra, near Benevente [Portugal], Fanshaw invited to go to, 256; Fanshaw summoned to Lisbon from, 264.
Salvator del Mondo et Anima del Purgatorio, merchantman, seized by English, Venetian representations upon, 253, 273.
Sampson, merchantman, Smith to escort, 272.
Sande, Sandi, marquis de. See Mello, Francesco de.
Sandwich, earl of. See Montagu, Edward.
Sandys, Sandis, Colonel, gets Wye made navigable to Hereford, 43.
San Francesco of Rotterdam, a prize, sale ordered, 116.
San Germen, M. See Jermyn, Henry, earl of St. Albans.
San Giovanni Battista, merchantman, offices for release, 78; Sagredo thanks Holles about, 104, 108; no harm done to, 105.
San Lorenzo of Amsterdam, a prize, sale ordered, 116.
San Lucar [Prov. Cadiz, Spain], naval battle fought near, 260.
San Pietro, taken to Bristol, as prize, 116.
-, of Amsterdam, a prize, sale ordered at Portsmouth, 116.
Sansum, Sanson, Rear Admiral Robert, killed in battle, 150.
Sant. See Bassompierre, Louis de, bishop of Saintes.
Santa Maria, Dutch ship, captured off Cadiz, 77; stopped by Allen, 109; representations for release, 128, 177; assurances given about, 197.
Santander, Sant' Andrea, Vizcaya, Spain, news from, 8.
satin, present of, for Caimecam, 116.
Savoy, complimentary mission to, 21; negotiations of ambassadors extraordinary to include, 94.
-, duchess of. See Christina of Bourbon.
-, duke of. See Charles Emanuel II.
Scheveningen, Sceveningh [Prov. S. Holland, Netherlands], news brought by ship of, 137.
Schiup. See Chouppes, Aimar, marquis de.
Schmising, the Commandeur Matthias Korff von, envoy of Munster at Paris, Sagredo converses with, 199; has several conferences with Holles and communication with Fuente, 212.
Schönborn, Johan Philip von, archbishop elector of Mayence, Cotterel took letters for, 99n; Louis sends force to help against Erfurt, 144, 169n; Swedes thinking of way to free Erfurt from, 173.
Schonevelt near Goree [Netherlands], squadrons of Meuse and Zeeland at, 127.
Schram, Volkert, lieutenant Admiral of Friesland, commanding fourth squadron of Dutch fleet, 133; killed, 139; Hiddes replaces, 163.
Scilly islands, naval action off, 137.
-, meetings of fanatics continue in, 2; collections for ejected ministers forbidden in, 20.
-, question of duties on trade with, 12; aged woman in bears a son, 60.
-, 500 volunteers for fleet from, 47; Banckert goes after English ships off, 86.
-, Dutch ships for E. Indies take route viâ, 62; reprisals continued in, 73.
-, Dutch making circuit of, 73; Dutch escort merchantmen past, 197; Dutch cannot go round in winter, 227.
-, coal from, reaches Harwich, 144.
-, French will make great mistake if try to stir up trouble in, 170; York goes to repress disturbances in, 178, 187; alleged conspiracy in, 209.
-, Dutch ready to make trouble in, 180; Dutch count on disaffection in, 189.
-, English fleet cruising off, 184–5; quarantine imposed on ships and persons coming from England, 190.
-, grant of tax by estates of, for war with Dutch, 190.
-, Charles accuses Dutch of promoting sedition in, 216; their leading men arrested in, 258; plans for general rising, 259.
-, French and Dutch will encourage malcontents in, 262; Dutch enable France to trade with, 271.
-, chancellor of. See Cunningham, William, earl of Glencairn.
-, declare do not want war with Dutch, 63.
-, troops in Dutch service, decision to dismiss, 67, 92; many serving Dutch, 109; companies reduced, 113.
-, Louis annoyed at recall of his guards, 265.
search, right of, claimed by Barbary corsairs, 29; English claim to, possible effect on neutrals, 91; French ask English to give up claim, 112; French protests about unanswered, 124.
secretaries. See ambassadors.
Secretary of State. See Bennet, Henry, earl of Arlington; Morice, Sir William.
-, Dutch will stir up, in event of war, 11; decision to deal more severely with, 16; parliament engaged in uprooting, 18; advantage from firmness with, 45.
-, Dutch count on weakening power of England, 20; plan to land French troops to encourage rising of, 151.
Séguier, Pierre, chancellor of France, Holles calls on, 1, 5.
Sehested, Ceestet, Sester, Zeester, Hannibal, Danish envoy to England, Dutch suspicious of negotiations of, 12; to promote adjustment between England and Holland, 195.
-, -, Danish envoy to France, arrives in Paris, 254; a possible mediator, 271; not present at Queen Henrietta's conference, 290.
Seimers. See Seymour.
Senevas, Melchior de Harod de, baron de St. Roman, abbé of Preaux, Abbé Rueges, French ambassador to Portugal:
-, sent to La Rochelle on way to Lisbon, 228; to secure the neutrality of Portugal, 235; Sandwich to counter offers of, 280.
-, a confidant of Colbert, 235.
-, Fanshaw attributes failure to representations of, 289, 295.
Senten, Sebastian, captain of the Orange, swore to capture duke of York, 150.
Sept Chesnes, Dutch navy, captured, 206.
serge, Scottish ship with cargo of, 120.
Serino, count of, to lead imperial force to Flanders, 211.
Sester. See Sehested.
Seville, Andalusia, Spain, joyous reception of Fanshaw at, 8.
Seymour, Seimers, Henry, duel with Lord St. John, prevented, 84.
Shetland islands, Hisland, Hiteland, Hitland, Hittlande, fort being built at, 74; squadron of fleet near, 179; Ruyter sighted near, 181; English fleet cruising off, 184, 196.
-, news brought by, 13, 81, 96.
-, one from Spain with bullion, 13; many wrecked in great storm, 59.
-, over sixty at Barbadoes, for England, 26; Holmes given powers over, 75.
-, representations to Fanshaw about stopping, 74; Genoa arranging for convoy of, 76.
-, difficulty of finding, at Leghorn, 76.
-, English claim to search all, 91; Charles declares will confiscate all found with Dutch goods, 100.
-, Dutch forbid any to leave ports, 97–8.
-, all manned by Dutch sailors to be treated as enemies, 111; prizes taken to Bristol, 116.
-, Turks attempt to get foreign, to transport troops, 118; Grand Vizier demands use of all, in Turkish ports, 186, 202; order for seizure of all, 224.
-, king releases embargo on, 123.
-, from France with wine, captured by English fleet, 124, 126–7.
-, all to be searched and confiscated if carry Dutch goods, 131, 177, 272.
-, six from Cadiz brought into Plymouth, 182; six prizes taken by English, 187.
-, Portugal sends two with supplies for Tangier, 186.
-, from London, admitted at Cadiz without precautions, 213.
-, Venetian representations against allowing to serve Turks, 214.
-, English capture under guns of Dunkirk, 247.
-, Denmark offers to assist to France, 250.
-, expected at Cephalonia, for currants, 294.
losses by reprisals in Cromwell's time, 12, 97.
squadron to meet, from East Indies, 27–8; no news of, 34; danger of English meeting, 34.
complaints of outrages on, in Guinea, 29; English continue to plunder all sorts of, 32.
must observe quarantine before entering English ports, 43.
news brought by, 48.
escort provided for those going to Spain and Mediterranean, 49.
with wine, from Garonne, stopped off Portsmouth, 53; at Bordeaux for wine, 55.
defiant attitude of one in Solent, 55; Dutch fleet to convoy through Channel, 56; not strong enough for, 59.
one lost off Yarmouth, with all hands, 55; twenty seized by York, 61.
anxiety about, from Smyrna, 58; those from Mediterranean to wait in Spain for convoy, 64.
two start from Texel to go round Scotland, 62; Dutch forbid merchants to send out, 66.
some enter Dover with goods, 66; all in English ports seized, 66; brought into Dover, 73.
king releases and immediately sequestrates again, 66; Downing's disingenuousness over, 67.
English squadrons ordered to take all that they meet, 66, 89; all met at sea are taken, 68.
Holmes takes four prizes to Lisbon, 67; English take many on coasts of Guinea, 68.
for Guinea to take northern route, 69; Shetland fortified to prevent taking northern route, 74.
English broke peace by seizing, 71; two captured, going to Rouen, 72.
discontent at prevention of sailing of, 73; not allowed to leave Leghorn, 76.
brought into Portsmouth, 73; those taken to be held for reprisal, 75.
from Smyrna, attacked at Cadiz, 74, 77; English squadron means to harry, 78; English lying in wait for, 81.
Armenians directed not to lade goods on, 76.
likelihood of trouble with, at Leghorn, 80; nine, from Smyrna, at Zante, 96.
eight taken, with French wine, 84; Sandwich takes two of slight value, 87.
23 condemned by Admiralty, 84; and twelve more, 87; and nine more, 92; Admiralty busy condemning, 99.
bought bv French, 97; demand for delivery, 98, 103; Estrades asks leave to buy two, 134.
Louis threatens reprisals on, 98; Louis orders sequestration of, 103, 106–7.
practise of putting foreigners on board, 102; some disarmed at Cadiz, others furnished forth, 111.
Spain threatens embargo on, 111; Louis allows some to sail under his flag, 135.
sale of captured, at Portsmouth, 116.
from Bordeaux, taken into Dover, 123; thirty making for Vliet in danger from English fleet, 126–7.
reported encounter with, from Smyrna, 123; a pure invention, 126.
state planning for safety of, 125; warships leave Cadiz to secure passage, 128.
captured by squadrons raiding Dutch coasts, 132; protection for those returning from E. Indies, 149, 161, 163.
Fanshaw asks for exclusion from Spanish ports when English there, 154.
Banckert to meet those from Smyrna, 157; they reach Alicante safely, going on to Cadiz, 160; at Cadiz, 172.
English unlikely to meet those from Indies and Smyrna, 166, 179; Ruyter leaves at Bergen, 177, 181; convoy to meet, from Smyrna, 211.
seventeen from Cadiz reach Bergen safely, 182; fleet to fetch home from Bergen, 184.
safe arrival of those from E. Indies, 185, 188, 195–6; report of, from E. Indies, 185–6.
for Archangel, going with main fleet, 185; English fleet goes to blockade those at Berghen, 187; English attack on, at Bergen, repulsed, 188–9, 193; Denmark justifies defence of, 230.
safely back from Mediterranean, 188; numerous convoy sails from Cadiz, 199.
English mean to attack when returning with Ruyter, 197; Ruyter ready to fetch away, 198.
preparing to leave Norwegian ports for home, 197; reach Texel safely, 199, 201–2.
English fleet makes large captures of, 203, 205–6, 208, 211; not yet safe, 208; scattered, 210.
laden with silver bars from Spain, 211; Dutch ask permission to enter ports of Flanders, 220.
Bailleul arrested for attacking one in France, 213; some with French fleet, 264.
Dutch fleet came out to secure safe return of, 217; in position to secure return, 218; Banckert to secure return of rest, 226.
squadrons sent out to intercept, 227; English order to search and fight, 265.
France buying thirty, 230; Colbert goes to buy, 244; chased Margareta into Tangier, 261; heavy losses of, to English, 285.
bill to prevent frequent capture by pirates, 7; captured by pirates, 10; fourteen captured, at Algiers, 14; Lawson recovers from Algiers, 19.
laden with gold from Guinea, 13; Dutch accused of taking, at Guinea, 40; none taken since treaty, 40.
Venice wishes to have best possible treatment, 23; representations against serving Turks, 118, 128.
recalled from foreign service, 26; some fitted out for fleet, 59.
leave London for herring and whale fisheries, 34; some lost in Newfoundland, 60.
Dutch prevented trading in W. Africa, 47; those for Guinea discharged, 58.
Dutch claim to have left unmolested, 68; ordered to make reprisals on Dutch, 76.
Dutch will exclude entirely from E. Indies, 69; Dutch orders to seize all, 72; three taken, with coal, 84.
Ruyter takes, off Guinea, 74, 113.
Armenians directed not to lade goods on, 76; proclamation forbidding to put to sea, 96.
likelihood of trouble with, at Leghorn, 80; one captures an Ostender, 93.
many converted into warships, 92, 106.
three small, at Zante, Venetian fears for, 96; from Smyrna, reach isle of Wight safely, 121.
Allen convoys many safely home, 99, 106; arrive at Bristol without seeing any Dutch war ship, 102.
Dutch privateers bring in daily as prizes, 100; Dutch squadron taking, in the Strait, 142.
taken by Ruyter at Guinea and Barbadoes, 104; from E. Indies, refresh at St. Helena, 133.
Matthias brings, in rich convoy of, from Malaga, 122; Fanshaw asks facilities for in Spanish ports, 154.
one from Tangier, destroyed by Dutch from Cadiz, 128; Dutch keep blockaded at Tangier, 135.
nine, from Hamburg, taken by Dutch fleet, 134, 141; Opdam sends into port, 136; cowardice of escort of, 137.
colliers from Newcastle escape Dutch fleet, 141.
Ruyter destroys 45 at Barbadoes, 157; Ruyter leaves captured, at Bergen, 177.
none seen in Spanish waters, to cause Dutch anxiety, 160.
prizes of, at Texel, the Ems and Norway, 181; prizes brought to Holland by Ruyter, 183; prizes of at Bergen, 187, 190.
bring prizes into Plymouth, 182; quarantine established by Scotland against, 190.
Charles only intervened to protect, 194; convoy for, going to Hamburg, 275.
Beaufort taking all he meets, 201; two from Indies reported taken, 210.
Beaufort sinks one and takes two, 217; restitution may be offered for, 222; Holles complains about, 236.
number of defeated by Dutch squadron near Strait, 224.
four seized at Smyrna but released on representations, 224; Vizier closes Alexandretta to, 232; matter adjusted, to pay duty at Aleppo, 234.
absence of, at Cephalonia, causes money shortage, 232, twelve (colliers) taken by Dutch, 259.
Smith's squadron escorting, 248, 256, 263; to convoy from Smyrna, 272, 275; Smith hands over convoy to grand fleet, 298.
nine laid up in Leghorn, dare not venture out, 265.
eight expected at Rochelle for duchess of Aumale, 268.
busy taking stores and men to Jersey, 269.
refused to Turks, 273; abundance of enables English both to trade and to fight, 275.
-, Flemish, captured by pirates, 10; helped king of Fantin against Cormantine, 42.
news brought by, 23.
of Dieppe, taken by English off Guinea, 35; Louis demands release of one, 90.
only ones trading at Leghorn, 81; rumour of large number coming, 122.
Dutch allow to leave with own cargo, 108.
proposal against saluting English flag, 115; required to lower flag, 148.
released and takers punished, 121; many detained for consideration by Admiralty Court, 143.
protests against search of unanswered, 124; Charles confirms first orders about, 130.
surprised taking munitions to Dutch fleet, 151; nine sailing for Ostend, stopped and searched, 155; seven released by Admiralty, 160.
English search all, 160; Louis dissimulates affront by capture of, 162, 180.
payment required for those released, 167.
three stopped, coming from Indies, 167; released before demand came, 173.
Dutch warned of war by one from Canada, 177.
one from Rouen taken, with presents for queen of Poland, 187; two taken with salt, 225; two stopped in Channel, 227.
arming for war in Brittany, 188; forbidden to put out into English Channel, 232; rich one from Levant captured, 240; English captures of, 252, 266, 285.
English orders to search and light, 265; daily news of captures of, 266.
talk of arming ten Indiamen for war, 267; given up on representations made, 267–8; heavy losses to the English, 285.
-, Genoese, captured by pirates, 10.
-, Hamburg, Dutch capture English goods in, 99; prizes taken by English frigates, 121.
-, of Lubeck, brought prize to London, 120.
-, of Scotland, brought prize to London, 120.
a rich one captured by English in Indies, 8; three taken, coming from Cuba, 28; rumour of large number coming, 122.
Dutch allow to leave with own cargo, 108; one stopped and released, 252.
-, Swedish, released and takers punished, 121; fleet to be sent out for safety of, 137, 144.
-, Turkish, captured by Lawson, 18.
-, Venetian, stopped at Cadiz, and released, 77; release of two claimed, 194; promise not to molest in future, 197; Venetian representations against molestation, 253.
-, brulots, 133, 140.
direction vessels, defined, 115.
Chinese ‘jonquis,’ 186.
‘noeckers,’ hired to supply Dutch fleet, 107.
-, names of:
Adventure; Advice; Alette Marie; Anne; Antelope; Anthony; Assurance; Batchelor; Breda, Bristol; Caval Nero; Centurion, Charles le Quint; Colchester, Concord, Corona; Cover din, Crown; Dartmouth, Dauphin, Delft, Delight; Diamond, Dover; Eagle; Elizabeth, Estat d' Utrecht; Fontaine de Schedam; Fortuna Rossa, Fox; Girofle; Good Hope; Great Charity; Great James; Guillaume et Marie; Guinea; Hannibal, Happy Return; Hector; Helderstom; Henrietta; Henry Bonaventura; ventura; James, Jersey; Jeune Prince; John and Abigail; John and Catherine; King Solomon; Leopard; Lily; London; Loyal London; Marceven; Margareta; Mars, Dutch navy; Mars, royal navy; Martin, Mary; Matthias; Mermaid; Milford; Naglebome; Nightingale; Orange; Paradox; Pembroke; Phœnix (two); Plymouth; Prince Maurice; Resolution; Royal Catherine; Royal Sovereign; Ruby; Ruyter; St. Jacob; St. Jean Baptiste; Salvator del Mondo; Sampson; San Francesco; San Giovanni Battista; San Lorenzo; San Pietro (two); Santa Maria; Sept Chesnes, Sole d' Oro; Sovereign; Stedon; Taureau Noir, Tergoes; True Love; Valaggio Munster; West Friselandt; White Lamb; Yarmouth; Young Lion; Zelande.
Sicily, island of, cargo of corn from, for Spain, 284n.
Sierra Leone, W. Africa, Ruyter takes English prizes to, 113.
Sigismund Francis, archduke of Austria, archduke of Innsbruck, death of, 166.
silver, sent to England from Spain, 13–4; from Guinea at Amsterdam, 34; from Spain, in Dutch bottoms, 211.
Sirena, la. See Mermaid.
Sirenhame. See Surinam.
Smith, Charles, baron Carrington of Wotton, lord Carinthon, murdered at Pontoise, 88.
-, Smilt, Smit, Smithson, Smitz, Captain Jeremy:
great share in Lowestoft victory, 150; feared attack on Toulon by, 248.
in Cadiz bay, 248n, 256n; Beaufort ordered to fight, 263; back at Cadiz, 272.
to go east to escort Smyrna ships, 272; arrives at Lisbon, 292.
angry at being refused pratique at Alicante, but goes away, 272.
Finch will live at Leghorn when arrives, 284; talk of recall, 292; reported order to return to Strait and fight Beaufort, 298.
Smyrna, Asia Minor:
-, news from, 4.
-, Batchelor conveying steel and lead to, 9; steel will be sent from increasingly, to Constantinople, 27.
-, Dutch fleet from, anxiety about, 58; ordered to stop in Spain, 64, 69; attacked by Allen in Cadiz bay, 74, 77; English lying in wait for, 81; at Zante, sails for Gibraltar, 96.
-, Armenian agents at, to stop lading on English and Dutch ships, 76.
-, Dutch convoy expected at Cadiz from, 111; Dutch fleet of, reported encounter with English, 123; a fable, 126.
-, English fleet of, reaches Wight safely, 121.
-, Dutch plans for safety of fleet from, 125, 167; Banckert to meet, 157, 163; reaches Alicante safely, 160; Ruyter leaves at Bergen, 177, 181; Cadiz ships formed escort for, 184; ships sent to meet, 211, 218, 226.
-, Dutch ships from, leaving Norway for home, 197; arrive safely, 201, 219, 226; Turks seize four English ships at, but release, 224.
-, English ships go to, from Alexandretta, to avoid duty, 232.
-, Smith to meet and convoy ships from, 272, 275.
Smyth, Dirck, master of the St. Jacob, 67n.
Sofia [Bulgaria], Rycaut and Draperis proceeding to, 116.
Sole d'Oro, taken to Bristol as prize, 116.
Solesbay, Sool bay. See Southwold bay.
Sound, the, Sont, 44.
-, squadron sent after Dutch privateers in, 75; Dutch squadron in, 210.
Sousa Vasconcellos, Don Luis de, conde de Castelmelhor, Castelmilior, stays at Pastore, writes to Fanshaw, 255–6; left court only for show, 264.
Southampton, earl of. See Wriothesley, Thomas.
Southwell, Sir Robert, English minister to Portugal and Spain:
-, expected at Madrid, 270; travelled with Fanshaw, 271; to have audience, 275, 278; left Lisbon when negotiations broken off, 296.
-, only presented credentials at audience, asked to draw up paper, 279; speaks with Medina, but unwilling to commit himself without assurances, 281.
-, special junta held about answer to, 283; council ready to hear, confers with Medina, answer to delayed, 285.
-, not allowed to speak with queen, 286, 296; complaints considered improper, but smooth reply given to, 293.
-, sends express to Sandwich, talk of leaving, 293; lodged with Fanshaw, went with him to see Medina, 296; ordered to stay till Sandwich arrives, 297.
-, Venetian interest in negotiations of, 297.
Southwold bay, Solesbay, Sool bay, off Suffolk, English fleet at, 198; fleet returns to, after storm, 202.
Sovereign, royal navy, at Chatham, 44.
-, news from, 292.
-, why Cromwell made war on, 97; Dutch war with very different from one with England, 176; Mazarin outbid in dealing with Cromwell, 256.
-,-, ministers of desirous of good correspondence with England and some adjustment with Portugal, 3; chief motive not to irritate English, 4.
-,-, enthusiastic reception of Fanshaw in, 3, 8, 14; Fanshaw issues liveries of fashion of, 70.
-,-, England hopes to obtain trading concessions from, 4; hopes held out by, 14; should make concessions if wants help, 54.
-,-, Gayland offers to co-operate with, to take Tangier, 4.
-,-, French policy to prevent Braganza coming to terms with, 13; French fears of, 17.
-,-, reports of peace current in, 15; Fanshaw complains of lengthy formalities of, 60.
-,-, French suspicious of English negotiations with, 15, 21, 54; French policy to prevent Charles uniting with, 68.
-,-, Opdam will convoy Guinea ships as far as, 41; Dutch ships sailing for, 49; Dutch measures to secure navigation off, 58.
-,-, powerless at sea, should make virtue of necessity, 54; object to avoid trouble and keep general peace, 60; Fanshaw touches roughly on weakness of, 69, 70.
-,-, Dutch ships ordered to wait in, for convoy, 64; Dutch send convoy for ships coming from, 66.
-,-, wine from, lost in storm, 75; Anglo-Dutch war expected to benefit, 77; unwilling to provoke England to draw near to France, 79.
-,-, Renswoude asks declaration and help from, 78; anxiety about Flanders, representations to Renswoude, 79.
-,-, has difficult course to steer, 78; fear of being drawn in, 79.
-,-, Fanshaw's strictures on attitude of, 79; desire to keep up mutual correspondence with England, 81.
-,-, anxiety about possible sale of Tangier to France, 81, 135; unwilling to spend money over, 81.
-,-, Dutch policy to separate Flanders from, 83; concern at report of Anglo-French agreement, 93.
-,-, builds entirely on success of Dutch, 85; fear that defeat of Dutch will throw them into arms of French, 117–8.
-,-, attitude to right of search, 91; would like to see English driven from Tangier, 135.
-,-, will demand same favours from Dutch as France, 103; prevents succour to Dutch by way of Meuse, 148.
-,-, opinion of upon French naval policy, 108; France counting on weakness of, 131.
-,-, perplexed by English negotiations with Sweden, 117; English contemplating close alliance with, 137.
-,-, fear of domination by naval powers, 117, 153; victory of English very bad news for, 153; would rather see them beaten than victors, 154.
-,-, showing signs of strength in Flanders, 131; likely to side against power that threatens frontiers, 144.
-,-, proposals for English alliance with, 148, 153.
-,-, in own interest desires success of Dutch, 153; Dutch only power capable of hindering England from making closer alliance with, 157.
-,-, Fanshaw asks for facilities for English ships in ports of, 154; ministers urge peace with Dutch on, 159.
-,-, Fanshaw's mission unpopular with people of, 159.
-,-, unable to help Dutch, fear their dependence on France, 159; would never willingly abandon good understanding with England, 168.
-,-, would like share in adjustment, 159; would regret overthrow of Dutch, but would not move, 191.
-,-, French fear coalition of with England, Portugal and German princes, 170; making great offers to England, signs of a treaty, 172.
-,-, think Dutch unwise to risk fleet in battle, 174; proposes defensive alliance to Dutch, 227.
-,-, French say money for Munster comes from, 175; has great share in Munster affair, 199.
-,-, means to preserve Low Countries, 181; interests of at one with Dutch in Flanders, 191.
-,-, chief object not to give offence to England, 191; peace between England and Dutch would help adjustment with Portugal, 208.
-,-, supposed participation in alliance of England, Sweden and Munster, 193; alarm in at supposition of agreement between England and Munster, 196.
-,-, will have same interest as England to thwart French in Flanders, 198; wants emperor to declare for preservation of Low Countries, 200.
-,-, Dutch ships bringing silver bars from, 211; Anglo-Dutch war brings extraordinary profit to, 233.
-,-, believed Portuguese will not treat with except by French consent, 211; sure England will break with France over help to Munster, 220.
-,-, desire to draw closer to England, 220; may lead to alliance, 221; Renswoude tries to prevent this, 223.
-,-, forced by events to be subject to French plans, 223; agitated by French demand for passage of troops, 226.
-,-, treating with England and Dutch simultaneously, 227; French incite Portugal to continue attacks on, 235.
-,-, watching Anglo-French relations as matter of major importance, 230; does not suit England that should remain immune, 240.
-,-, French fear agreement of Portugal with, 235; consents to truce with Portugal, 237; accepts good offices of Fanshaw, 238.
-,-, relieved not to have to deal with Portugal direct, 237; Monsieur says is cause of war, 239.
-,-, Clarendon won over for by ample promises, 238.
-,-, affair of alliance with England proceeding admirably, 238.
-,-, deliberate handling of matter of Fanshaw's mission, 241; popular disapproval of mission, 242, 245.
-,-, direct negotiation with Braganza absolutely rejected, 241; Carlingford believes will make peace, 246.
-,-, Embrun's representations to, against adjustment with Portugal and English alliance, 242–3, 245; maintains cautious attitude, 267.
-,-, sighing for relief from war, 245; reported adjustment with Portugal, 251.
-,-, queen will support imperial opinions in, 246.
-,-, negotiations at Vienna depend on English success in, 251, 253, 265; Austrians expect little from, 257.
-,-, Marsin raising Irish levies for, 251.
-,-, French suspicion of English relations with, 251–2; denies any agreement with England, 267.
-,-, queen mother of France warns of son's designs on Flanders, 252.
-,-, Dutch more mistrustful than ever of, 258.
-,-, atmosphere of suspicion and curiosity in, about Fanshaw's negotiations, 259, 264.
-,-, French declaration of war due to fear of joining against Dutch, 262; supposed French device to embroil with Dutch, 265.
-,-, divided feelings about French declaration, 263; means to avoid peril and expenditure, 264.
-,-, France would welcome war against, instead of England, 266–7; interests of Flanders depend on resolutions of, 274.
-,-, has not yet declared for England, 266; Vienna waiting to hear from, about truce and treaty, 277.
-,-, amazement in at way Portuguese negotiations tangled, 276; ministers greatly distressed at breaking off of negotiations, 282.
-,-, Carlingford delays departure to hear news from, 279.
-,-, ministers declare Fanshaw behaved infamously, 281; some think better to deal with Portugal direct, 287.
-,-, decision to give Sandwich distinguished reception, 283; ministers ready to admit, 291.
-,-, cargo of corn from Sicily for, 284n.
-,-, news of Fanshaw's dealings with Portugal reported to, 288; report received with general disfavour, 289, 295–6; deep depression over, 289–90.
-,-, ministers believe Sandwich coming with fresh instructions, 293; opinions divided, 293–4.
-,-, Sandwich expected to renew treaty of alliance with, opinions about, 293–4; report of union with England said to foment evil intentions of France, 294.
-,-, peace with France will last as long as war continues with English, 294.
-,-, pretensions of Portugal raised by knowledge of weakness of, 295; may write to England resentfully, 296.
-, Council of:
discusses co-operating with Gayland against Tangier, 4; to publish declarations against settlement with Portugal, 15.
Cornaro sees about embassy house, 22.
determined to abide by rigid neutrality, 78; exercised by French demand for passage of troops, 190–1; tactful answer to Embrun, 242.
discusses disorder of Fanshaw's household, but dare not resent, 214.
considers war inevitable and favours alliance with England, 243; deprecates any show of mistrusting Fanshaw, 245; Fanshaw's paper not yet read in, 279.
confident that French war will make England accommodating, 264.
sharp words between Medina and Caracena in, 276.
ready to hear Southwell but not to appoint minister for, 279; desires him to produce his commissions, hears him, surprised at high tone, 286.
Southwell presses for reply, puts him off with smooth answer, 293; objection to admitting him, 296.
deliberating on Fanshaw's report of Portuguese negotiations, 295; objections to what he did, 295–6.
-, infanta of. See Margarita Theresa.
-, king of. See Charles II; Philip II; Philip IV.
-, queen regent of. See Maria Anna.
-, ships of. See ships, Spanish.
-, sending 50,000l. to England, 13; English victory chills with fear, 159.
-, high handed procedure against, in Indies, 28.
-, emperor expecting 5000, 73; troops in no condition to oppose passage of French, 218; considered Aubigny too French, 225.
Spence, Robert, earl of Sunderland, mission to France, 222n.
spices, cargo of captured, 73.
Spinola, Giulio, papal nuncio in Germany, would not receive Carlingford, 246.
Spire [Bavaria, German Empire], Chamber of, Dutch will submit. to arbitration by, 47.
Spithead, Rupert with squadron at, 59; fleet at, 61; Sandwich sailed from, 283n.
Stamboul. See Constantinople.
Stanesby, John, captain of the Eagle, exonerated on charge of cowardice, 137.
Stanley, Charlotte, née de la Tremouille, dowager countess of Derby, death of, 8.
Stanton, Thomas, factor at Aleppo, Venice will try to secure, 123; fraud of, 123n.
States. See Netherlands.
Stedon, Dutch navy, believed escaped, 152.
-, seized by Venetians on English ship, 5; to be restored, 9, 27.
-, despatch to Constantinople likely to be more frequent, 27.
Stellingwerf, Captain, commanding seventh squadron of Dutch fleet, 133.
Stoakes, Captain, at Barbadoes, from Guinea, 26.
Stockholm, Stocolm, Sweden:
-, news from, 107.
-, Coventry leaving, 63; Dutch envoy reaches, 137.
-, ship of, taken to Bristol, as prize, 116.
-, Terlon sent to, 173.
stockings, manufacture of, introduced in France, injures English trade, 249.
Strahes, Captain, reported killed in second action, 152.
Strait, the. See Gibraltar, Strait of.
Straten, Pieter van der, Dutch consul at Leghorn, directed not to allow ships to leave port, 76.
Stricher, Giacomo, 177.
Stuart, Charles, succeeds to seigneurie of Aubigny, 225n.
-, Ludovic, seigneur d'Aubigny, abbé of Haute Fontaine, the Abbot Obigni, almoner to the queen:
conversation with Giavarina on Spanish negotiations, 3; says peace will be made soon, without French mediation, 200.
dies at Paris, account of, 225; Charles irritated by refusal of red hat to, 268.
-, Margaret, née Banaster, duchess of Richmond, death reported, 209.
subsidies. See taxation.
sugar, English ships captured with, 190.
Sunday, bill for better observance of, 7.
Sunderland, earl of. See Spence, Robert.
Suol. See Zwolle.
Surinam, Sirenhame [S. America], governor of Barbadoes at, 132; attacked there, 133.
Sweden and Swedes:
-, king sends ambassador to, 32; Charles invites to join in war with Dutch, 72.
-, forbidden to trade on Guinea coast, 37; expected to avoid obligation to help Dutch, 53; Dutch safe with, England will derive no advantage from, 63.
-, not to supply Dutch with corn, timber or cordage, 59; Dutch buying guns in, 67.
-, Dutch count on succour from, 68; will fulfil treaty of Elbing, 75; punctual in fulfilment of treaties, 89, 107.
-, likely to side with England, 85; attitude to right of search, 91; has declared for England, 101.
-, commercial treaty with England, 107, 131; Spain disturbed by English negotiations with, 117; said to have declared for England, 119; dependent on England, by treaties, 169.
-, Lubeck ship for, captured, 120.
-, mission of Terlon to, 127, 173; offended with Dutch and displeased with France, 144, 201; French efforts to prevent conclusion with England, 173.
-, negotiations at Madrid for alliance with, 153; will conform to France if declares for Dutch, 157.
-, will not abandon friendship of England, 173; alliance with England and Munster communicated to Louis, 193.
-, knows Dutch will prevent making conquests in Baltic, 173; Denmark bound to consider attitude of, 211.
-, French hold out hopes of drawing to side of Dutch, 174; England would bow before coalition with French and Dutch, 180.
-, will not abandon Palatine, 201; English have no misgivings about, 212.
-, sending troops into Germany, 201; French try to detach from Munster, 210, 216.
-, alleged retreat of English fleet to, 210.
-, desire to renew friendship with Dutch, 211; Dutch efforts to renew, 226; treating with Dutch for agreement, 229.
-, expected detachment from France, 212; Charles urges unchangeableness of alliance with, 216; draws closer in friendship with, 227; England trying to detach from France, 231.
-, Charles will ask to send commissioners to treat, 228.
-, resentment against Dutch over Denmark, 229.
-, no declaration from, will follow self interest, 250.
-, expected to side with England, 266, 268; Andilly secures neutrality of, 278.
-, object of to annex islands and Denmark, 268; sending mission to England to mediate, 278, 281.
-, advantage of to keep England and France at loggerheads, 281; ostensibly neutral, secretly rejoices at the turmoil, 285.
-, chancellor of. See Magnus de la Gardie.
-, fleet of, to be sent out to protect shipping, 137, 144.
-, king of. See Charles X; Charles XI.
-, ships of. See ships, Swedish.
Swiss, French remit considerable sums to, 193.
Switzerland, Elvetia, French talk of levy from, 250.