Wager, Charles, captain of the Crown, alleged cowardly behaviour at Cadiz, 124.
Waldeck, Valdech, George Frederick, count of, promises the Dutch a levy, 180; to command troops, 201.
Wales, vice admiral of. See Owen, Sir John.
Waller, Robert, sentenced for conspiracy, 8; executed, 11.
war, with the Dutch:
-, Dutch would face rather than suffer reprisals, 11; Dutch busily preparing for, 18, 20, 27–8, 31, 35, 41, 45, 66–7, 69, 72; Dutch ready for, 30.
-, king accepts parliament's offer of help in the event of, 15; Charles wishes to avoid because of possible consequences, 19, 20, 39; objections to, 43.
-, would suit France above everything, 21; each side tries to get French to take part, 42; Louis egging on Charles to, 53.
-, Charles beginning to prepare for, 24, 26, 28; Lawson's return or going to Guinea will lead to, 35; English preparations for, 55, 59, 60, 63, 92.
-, Sagredo deprecates idea of, 29, 82, 109, 197; Scots declare against, 63.
-, Council decides not to encourage complaints of companies by, 30; Charles has not the least intention to attack, 32, 34.
-, hostilities reported in Guinea, 33–4; affairs heading towards, in Guinea, 41–3; depends on what happens in Guinea, 61.
-, Charles threatens van Gogh with, 44; both fleets ready for clash, 45.
-, York ready to take personal part in, 45, 61; waged from English side would be the worse for the Dutch, 53; York encouraged the rupture, 130.
-, Dutch moving rapidly towards, 47; waiting for signal to act, 50.
-, Dutch raising money for, 47, 49, 51, 58, 68, 71.
-, Dutch wish to make England be the first to break, 52; France obliged to help Dutch, if England begins, 58, 68.
-, will unite all the Provinces, 52; Dutch will not decide on till France has declared herself, 71.
-, arrangements with Denmark and Sweden to stop naval supplies to Dutch in event of, 59.
-, English confidence of success in, 62; parliament votes money for, 65, 73, 83.
-, England will not attack if France intervenes, 62; van Beuningen to inform ministers about, 66.
-, Charles and magnates come to believe desirable, 66; forced on England as only way to ruin Dutch trade, 68.
-, attack on Smyrna fleet, 74, 77, 79.
-, Leghorn likely to suffer by, 76, 80; feeling effects of, 81; suffers greatly, 163.
-, Spanish ministers think will be good for Spain, 77; but Spain will preserve strict neutrality in, 78, 154; and expects great embarrassments from, 79.
-, scene already set for, 82, 84; Downing the stoker of, 88; Downing misled king about Dutch attitude to, 99.
-, king charged with using threat of to obtain supplies, 87; king cannot wage or make peace, without parliament, 94, 124.
-, declared by Charles, 89–90, 93; proclaimed in provincial towns, popular rejoicing over, 98.
-, advantage of English over Dutch in, 97, 155; soldiers hope will not be ended without much bloodshed, 105.
-, Dutch officers admitted to Council about conduct of, 103; Dutch awaiting clash of arms with confidence, 126, 164.
-, forced on Dutch by extravagance of English demands, 104; van Gogh deplores disaster of, 109.
-, French mediation has not weakened Charles's will to prosecute, 120; obstinacy of Dutch only strengthens English determination in, 217.
-, continuation will ruin new French trading companies, 127; French deceived in their opinion of issue of, 144.
-, king's plan for conduct of changed, 130; London would much prefer one with France to, 147.
-, Dutch States decide to settle issue by general engagement, 132.
-, equally ruinous to both parties, may be settled without mediation, 148; France would have been well advised to prevent, 162, 188.
-, determined spirit of Dutch after defeat, 149; no disposition for accommodation before another battle, 174, 181, 194.
-, Spain desires success of Dutch in, 153–4; English success in chills Spaniards with fear, 159; but Spain would not intervene, even if Dutch crushed, 191.
-, Dutch success in would only lead English to persist, 168.
-, French declaration only thing in favour of Dutch in, 168; position very different from that in war with Spain, 176.
-, Ruyter's arrival only thing likely to change fortune of, 177; Dutch depression changed to confidence by arrival, 193.
-, Scottish estates grant tax for five years for, 190; plague may change English plans for, 199.
-, made excuse for not granting use of ships to Turks. 202; brings extraordinary profit to Spain, 233.
-, Dutch tired of burden of, 237; Dutch suffering deprivation from, while England continuing to trade, 275.
-, with France:
Louis would not break with anyone except from pure necessity, and least of all with England, 147; plan for French landing in England, if Dutch gained the victory, 151.
Charles tells Courtin that London would much prefer to one with Dutch, 147; Commons vote supply at threat of, 220–1.
signs of fresh treaty with Dutch, 156; looks like intention to declare, 165; unlikely before Dutch declare themselves about Flanders, 166.
Louis expected to declare soon, 178; Dutch want this and not help against Munster, 180; Lionne intimates immediate declaration, 184.
declaration depends on issue between fleets in North Sea, 187; likely to be made before long, 194.
van Beuningen to ask Louis for definite statement about, 198; Dutch sceptical about declaration of, 201.
not easy for England to find any profit in, 223; internal disaffection in both countries causes hesitation over, 233.
France will do everything to avoid, 224; Louis wishes to avoid but making every preparation for, 226.
people on both sides willing for, dreaded by the wisest, 225; people of England becoming increasingly eager for, 227; Commons hope for increased influence by, 233.
French preparations for, 230, 234, 236, 265, 267; council held about, 233.
considered inevitable, 230; Charles fears consequences of, Lords beginning to express open opposition to, 233.
France hopes to buy off, 235, 239, 240; excitement in England over this, 244, 247.
if avoided, Flanders will be the victim, 235; talk in Paris of avoiding, 252.
sorry preludes of felt at French Court, 239; is imminent, 243.
Commons clamouring for, though Charles and leading men against, 240; Louis tells Queen Henrietta that English forcing by hostile acts, 247, 281.
Venice wishes both parties to know how much it deprecates, 243; Venice wishes to know opinion at Rome about. 260–1; pope's fears about, 268.
France proposed to declare on return of ambassadors, 244; France declares, 248, 250; inconsistency of declaration, 249, 250.
France would wish to avoid on every account, 247; perilous position of France in event of, 251.
high spirit of people resented attempt to buy off, 249; rejoicings in Paris at declaration, in hope of relief, 250.
likely to be followed by war in Germany, 254; Spain divided between hope and fear over, 263; fear it may spread, 264.
reluctance of seafaring population of France to engage in, 254; French did not want, 268.
declaration sudden and unexpected, 254; declaration amended, 255; news of caused great commotion in London, 258.
declaration hastened by French fear of England and Spain drawing together, 262; and by French fear of separate peace by Dutch, 269.
French would gladly exchange for one against Spain, 266; Spain considers a guarantee of quietness, 270.
declared by England, 266–7; popular enthusiasm over, 266.
Carlingford convinced Austria unwilling to be involved in, 271; Spaniards consoled that French promises to Portugal made before declaration of, 276.
France suffering deprivation from, while England continues to trade, 275; heavy losses of French and Dutch shipping since declaration of, 285.
Andilly secures Sweden's neutrality in, 278; English interest to keep alive negotiations with Vienna during continuance of, 287, 294.
cannot be kept up without land conquests, equally difficult for both, 288; peace with Spain will last only so long as continues, 294.
Warnerus, Levinus, Dutch minister at the Porte, Captain Pasha sends for, and demands use of ships 202.
Wassenar, Vassenhaer, Vasseneur, Jacques de, sieur d' Opdam:
-, made commander of Dutch fleet, 27; despatch of hastened, 31.
-, sent to meet fleet from Indies, 35; convoy duty by, 41, 45.
-, ill of gout, 49, 56, 59, 107; recovered, 113.
-, delay in sailing, Dutch indignant with, 52; believed that will not venture out, 53.
-, strength of fleet with, 52; sixty ships immediately under, 58; still at Goeree, 61.
-, asks States General to send deputies, 56; proposal to supersede by Ruyter, 59.
-, will not avoid an engagement, 56; to seek out English and fight, 107, 113.
-, returns to Hague with portion of fleet, 65; about to start, 113; on board fleet, 121.
-, fleet under command of, 133; at sea, reports capture of English merchantmen, 134; sent them in to port, 136; sailing towards England, 138.
-, reports desire of men to fight, 136; hopes to be facing enemy soon, in action, 139.
-, ship blown up, 139, 152; killed in the battle, 142, 145; death unforeseen, 157.
-, York fought hand to hand with, 150; went to seek enemy in own ports, 175; Ruyter likely to have place of, 179.
Watt, the, Vatte [off Friesland, German Empire], Dutch allow trading by people of, 108.
-, great storm at sea, 59; English fleet suffers from storm, 202–3.
-, storms foretold by astrologers, 65; great storm in November, 226.
-, severe 106, 201.
-, high and stormy winds, 131.
Welcome. See Henry Bonaventura.
West India Company, the Dutch:
-, English complaints against, 30, 40; to be asked for information about English complaints, 37, 40; English complain of violence of, 48.
-, arming ships to send to Guinea, 41; ships of to sail under escort, 56.
-, deputies of, go to see departure of ships, 58; Charles led to believe state would not take up interests of, 88; war on account of injuries inflicted by, 93.
-, -, director general of. See Valckenburg, John.
Westcomb, Martin, English consul at Cadiz, challenges Dutch consul to duel, arrested, 124; released, 128; reports Smith off the port, 272n.
Westerman, Herr, senator of Hamburg, envoy of Hanse towns to Dutch, 134.
West Friselandt, Dutch navy, captured, 206.
West Indies. See Indies, West.
-, letter dated at, 284.
-, plan for new bridge at, quashed, 46.
-, parliament meets at, 62; parliament to leave because of plague, 182.
Weston, Charles, earl of Portland, killed in battle, 150.
Westphalia, German Empire, danger of big fire in, 171.
Wetherhead, Stephen, executed at Appleby, 11.
whale fishery, ships leave London for, 34.
White Lamb, Dutch merchantman, engagement with Delight, 284.
Whitehall. See under London.
Wielingen, le Wilingue [Prov. Zeeland, Netherlands], squadrons of Rotterdam and Zeeland unite at, 113.
Wight, isle of, co. Hants:
-, news from, 59.
-, Dutch ships seized at, 66; Smyrna convoy reaches safely, 121.
Wight, With. See Witt, John de.
Wilkinson, Robert, captain of the Great Charity, taken by enemy, 139; crew fought after surrender, 142.
Willemstad, Villerstat [Prov. S. Holland, Netherlands], plan for English landing at, 263.
Willoughby, Francis lord, of Parham, governor of Barbadoes, at Surinam, 132; attacked there, 133.
-, Col. Henry, vice governor of Barbadoes, measures of foil attack by Ruyter, 132.
Winchelsea, countess of. See Finch, Mary.
-, earl of. See Finch, Heneage.
Winchester, marquis of. See Paulet, William.
-, Dutch ships to fetch French, 53, 55; English declare contraband, 137.
-, trade in French interrupted by England, 64; ships with French captured, 84, 124, 126.
-, from Gascony and Spain, lost in storm, 75.
-, exportation from France, 147; Louis allows to pass, duty free, at request of Charles, 252.
-, made contraband because Dutch short of, 149; importation to England forbidden, 155.
-, English need, for jollity, 221.
-, Canary, captured in Dutch ship, 132.
Witt, John de, M. du Vict, Wight, With, Pensionary of Holland:
-, Downing confers with about boundaries in America, 49; goes to give final orders to fleet, 113.
-, going to Texel to cause fleet to sail, 167; unfortunate that should expose himself, 176; fleet has to wait for, 179; to have general direction of fleet, 181.
-, embarks on fleet, 183; ready to risk everything with fleet, 216; would have returned if no sign of battle, 218.
-, reported private peace conference with, a delusion, 207; might have come to terms with Downing, 215.
-, blamed for plight of Provinces, 216.
woman of 77, bears a son, 60.
-, ships with captured, 84.
-, export from France, 147.
Wrangel, Wranghel, Charles Gustavus, Swedish general, advancing on Bremen, to unite with Munster, 193.
Wrede, Henry Alexander von, deputy of Munster in England, disdainful reply to appeal for help, 278.
Wriothesley, Thomas, earl of Southampton, lord high treasurer, anxious for composition with Dutch, 87.
Wye, River, river of Bristol, made navigable to Hereford, 43.