Fairfax, royal navy, going to the Strait, 126n.
Fanshaw, Fancavu, Fansau, Anne, lady, returning to England, 25.
-, Sir Richard, English ambassador in Spain:
extols power of England, no heed paid to, 3; goes to meet Sandwich, depressed, 4; at conference with Medina, 8.
condemned for Portuguese negotiations, 4; Spaniards insist upon undertaking given by, 47, 65.
Sandwich waiting for papers from, 12; death of, attempt at conversion, 25.
Sandwich says went beyond instructions, 47, 66; Spaniards call for fulfilment of treaty made by, 89; Sandwich says powers expired with death of Philip IV, 93; not bound by treaty of, 104–5.
treaty of referred to, 107–8, 216; Sandwich made cautious by fate of, 186.
Feilding, Basil, earl of Denbigh, earl Fildinch:
-, calls on Mocenigo, 277.
Ferdinand Maria, duke of Bavaria:
-, Venice expecting troops from, 228.
Fernandez de la Cueva, Francesco, duke of Alburquerque, lieutenant general of the fleet, 149.
-, del Campo, Don Pedro, Spanish secretary:
sent to sound Sandwich about Portugal, 84; sent again to express queen's desire that negotiations should proceed, 90; gets irate reply, id.
to draw up statement with Godolphin, 129, 131; hands Sandwich full powers with money for journey to Lisbon, 208.
Feuillade, Vicomte de la. See Aubusson, Françcois d'.
Fez, Morocco, N. Africa:
-, occupied by Taffilet, 326.
Fichet. See Friquet.
Fildinch. See Feilding.
Finch, Finz, Heneage, second earl of Winchelsea, English ambassador at the Porte:
-, learned too late of Genoese operations, 26; Howard's relations with Ballarino kept secret from, 30.
-, resists claims of Ventelet, 43–4; treats Genoese ministers with distinction, 160; Ventelet cultivating, 225.
-, excused from need of going to Constantinople, 44; correspondence with Lesley, 55.
-, efforts to prevent peace between Venice and Porte, 55; Denham served as chaplain, 69n.
-, alleged promise of ships to Turks, 83; Venice asks for orders to, to prevent, 85; Sandwich to write to, about, 120.
-, Gobbato satisfies about leaving Adrianople, 221; Gobbato very intimate with, 225.
-, capricious action of, 221; Prince of Moldavia set up by, 222; king decides to recall, 224.
-, visits Dolfino at the Towers, 225; thanks for courtesy to him, 324, 331; intervened to save Ventelet, 235n.
-, suggests use of galleys at Tangier, 304.
Finch, Sir John, English resident in Tuscany:
-, refers to Genoese action at Porte, 25–6, 96.
-, learns arrival of Smyrna convoy, 29; claims victory in N. Foreland battle, 34; wants Dutch punished for celebrating, 44.
-, Henry Howard staying with, 30.
-, nuncio has no dealings with, 30; long audience of Grand Duke, 69, 70.
-, mild celebration of victory, 69; question of chaplain at Leghorn Rome's objection to, 69, 70, 123, 127; maintains right to keep chaplain, 124n.
-, leaves for Leghorn, usual residence when Court at Pisa, 127; still at Leghorn, 133; bitter feeling against growing, 157.
-, promises help for hiring ships for Venice, 133, 160; Vincenti to thank, 136; Vincenti approaches about ship, 156.
-, tells of Gamarra's offer to get peace signed, 176.
-, Harvey speaks of conferring with, 236; to go to him incog., 244; conference with Harvey at Leghorn, 322, 324.
-, letters to, to support Venice, 328.
fire, the great, of London:
-, account of, 76–7; may make English more yielding, 79, 81, 83; high spirit of English after, 86, 94.
-, Louis refuses to rejoice at, 80; Dutch unable to take advantage of, 82.
-, engrossing subject of discussion, 81; Lionne speaks of immense loss caused by, 83.
-, measures for relief of victims of, 81, 86.
-, question of ownership of valuables rescued from, 81; estimate of loss by, 86.
-, referred to, 88, 93, 174, 224, 274.
-, Sandwich greatly distressed by, 90; minimises effects, 92.
-, parliament's appreciation of king's behaviour over, 94; king's spirit not dismayed by, 96.
-, Frenchman hanged for causing, 100; parliament votes money to meet needs caused by, 103.
-, makes it difficult to find houses, 240; causes great rise in expenses, 260.
-, question of, in peace treaty, 162; France anxious about, 221.
Flanders, Low Countries, Spanish Netherlands:
-, Sandwich speaks of French ambition about, 21, 33; English play upon Spanish fears for, 42; Sandwich offers to guarantee, 57.
-, French progress in, a peril to England, 22; French invasion expected on death of Philip IV, 53.
-, Giustinian to keep an eye on affairs of, 108; Dutch would have to submit to French designs on if peace made, 116; Spaniards hope to secure by detaching Dutch from France, 118.
-, England may join France to hurt of, 120; French bent on war in, 142.
-, war in the North a protection for, 125; Dutch fear of new war in, 126, 138, 140, 142, 155.
-, Lisola warns Charles of danger of French conquests in, 125; Castel Rodrigo warns Madrid of impending attack on, 133; Madrid waiting to hear from, 136.
-, movement of French troops against, 142; Dutch hope to stay attack on, 156.
-, peace with Portugal would help Spain to save, 142; England wants peace to secure to Spain, 144.
-, French invade, Dutch concern at, 142, 173; peril of might induce Spain to seek alliance, 154.
-, money remitted to from Spain, 144, 152; Embrun fears money passing from, to England, 151.
-, levy of Irish granted for service in, 144–5.
-, France may favour Orange to propitiate England about, 159, 160; French keeping quiet about, 168.
-, Sweden will have nothing to do with French designs on, 165.
-, question of free passage of imperial succours for, 165; Molina points to danger if French establish in, 166; England will defend if France tries to conquer, 168.
-, Pötting points out that Spanish feebleness endangers, 169; Dutch success may affect English neutrality about, 171; Lisola hopes that meeting of parliament will be advantageous for, 173.
-, Dutch garrisoning fortresses on frontiers of, 173; French progress in will make Dutch easy about peace terms, 175.
-, French offers to win England's help in attack on, 173; English levies for service in, 175–6, 181.
-, peace allows free hand for dealing about, 176; Giustinian to note effect of peace on, 178.
-, position in, influenced Dutch to make peace, 179; peace likely to help Spain in, 180.
-, Vienna hopes English and Dutch will stop French progress in, 179; Vienna urges Spain to make peace with Portugal because of, 180.
-, Dutch consider joint action with England to check French in, 185; English offer troops for defence of, 195.
-, defeat of Spaniards in involves war in Italy, 185; Vienna waiting for decision of parliament about, 193; English demands would cut off from sea, 195.
-, England interesting herself in defence of, 198; Sweden urged to join with England to save, 209; English policy about ambiguous, 213.
-, Vienna might act independently of Spain, on account of, 198; de Witt inclined to a confederation to save, 210; French designs on facilitated triple alliance, 243.
-, peace in, insecure, 232; fear of French moves in, 278; emperor concerned about, 330.
-, desertions frequent in, for lack of pay, 241; plague spreading in, 249.
-, French fear of triple alliance surpasses interests in, 276.
-, French offer to bribe England Math place in, 276; Dutch concern to save, 299.
-, French robbing of tapestry industry, 300.
-, mission from to Court, 318, 321; Velasco returns to, 323.
-, letters from held up by weather, 322..
-, Spanish troops brought from Bremen for defence of, 325; difficulty over Swedish claim would expose to fresh danger, 326; need to keep powers united for preservation of, 331.
-, estates of, Dutch refuse to listen to conditions proposed by, 199.
-, governor of. See Moura y Corte Real, Francesco de, marquis of Castel Rodrigo; Velasco, Pedro de.
-, ships of. See ships, Flemish.
-, squadron of, operations against Portugal, 149.
Flay. See Vlie.
fleet. See navy.
-, Danish. See Denmark, fleet of.
-, Dutch. See Netherlands, fleet of.
-, French. See France, fleet of.
-, Spanish. See Spain, fleet of.
-, Swedish. See Sweden, fleet of.
-, Turkish. See Turkey, fleet of.
-, Venetian. See Venice, fleet of.
Flemmingh, Flamin, Flimen, Juriaen, Swedish ambassador to England, 91.
-, expected in France, 2, 5; arrives in England, 12; has audience,
-, offers mediation, 24; harping on mediation, 53; proposals made by, 56–7.
-, celebrates English victory, 28; reports king favourable to peace, 67; answer of royal commissioners to, 79.
-, remaining in London, 95; Lisola tries to win, 134.
-, urges States to write to Charles about place for congress, 124; holds back king's reply to States, 131.
-, not offended about emperor's proposed mediation, 134; has no objection to Brandenburg's mediation, 159.
-, Charles informs of choice of Hague for congress, 137; holds back States' reply, 144.
-, leaves for Breda, 157; not likely to arrive soon, 159.
-, asks Charles to delay signing treaty, 161; assurance to Dutch, 164–5.
-, induces English to give way, 168; brings delegates together again, 174.
Flie, Flit. See Vlie.
Florence [Prov. Firenze, Italy]: 236, 238, 324.
-, despatches dated at, 26, 31, 34, 40, 44, 69, 70, 97, 124, 156–7, 163, 176, 198.
Flushing [Prov. Zeeland, Netherlands: 14.
-, Ruyter enters with prizes, 16; Dutch hope to bring derelicts to, 19; estimate of English losses at, 22.
-, Dutch ships retire to, 50; Flemish ships driven into and seized, 122.
-, plot to kill de Witt at, 147; Spanish ships sequestrated at, and released, 331.
Fogliada. See Aubusson, François d', Vicomte de la Feuillade.
Fontainebleau [Seine et Marne, France]: 27.
foreign ministers. See under ambassadors.
Foresight, royal navy, going to the Strait, 126n; chases French galleys into Porto Longone, 155n.
Fort de Hooningen, Neringhen, royal navy:
-, Dutch capture, 170, 171n.
Forth, Firth of, Scotland:
-, Dutch prize taken to, 177n.
-, policy at outbreak of Anglo-Dutch war, 17–8.
-,-, dissatisfaction with Dutch, 1; cannot expect much from them, 3.
-,-, Spanish interest in affairs of, 3; cautious policy of, 6.
-,-, Konigsmarck prefers England to, 5; policy to defeat England by time not arms, 6, 12.
-,-, Swedes would like to detach from Denmark, 5; buys neutrality of Sweden, 37, 91.
-,-, policy to detach Sweden from England, 5; English insolence drove into war, 18; English want to exclude from peace, 46.
-,-, Louis claims that self-sufficient, 6; ships from reach Holland, 30.
-,-, new commercial policy suffers from loss of ships, 11; policy divergent from that of Holland, 18.
-,-, bellicose genius of, 18; strong forces available in, 19.
-,-, stirred to more active policy by Dutch victory, 18; Dutch victory due to good fortune of, 28.
-,-, would rather fight in Flanders than against England, 21.
-,-, efforts to make trouble in Ireland, 24; risings in Ireland an opportunity for, 32.
-,-, signs of disaffection in, 27; but malcontents ineffective, 32; English success stirs discontent in, 64.
-,-, victories at St. Christophers, 28; drives off English attack, 64.
-,-, pleased at Dutch blockade of England, 31; blockade will show England power of, 35.
-,-, profits by Dutch victory, buys neutrality of Sweden, 35; and by release of shipping, id.; Sweden not satisfied with money from, 91.
-,-, becoming supreme director of the North, 36; might force alliance of England and Austria, 40.
-,-, excuses inactivity of Beaufort, 36, 45; not displeased at defeat of Dutch, 50.
-,-, Dutch shipping quantities of goods to, 37; Dutch forgetful of benefits received from, 52.
-,-, ready to help Dutch with troops but not at sea, 45; Dutch claim against for subsidy in lieu of troops, 46.
-,-, fear of Dutch making peace independently, 47, 52, 56, 62; desire for decorous peace, 61.
-,-, English reject places in for peace negotiations, 53; Sweden makes no suggestions to about, 57.
-,-, Embrun's assurances to Spain about, 53; offer of alliance to Spain, 54–5.
-,-, possibility of peace with England soon, 54; offers alliance to England against Spain, 58.
-,-, plot to betray Channel Islands to, 54; preoccupied by English negotiations in Spain, 57; policy to prevent Anglo-Spanish alliance, 71.
-,-, Spain dislikes Dutch dependence on, 59; promise of financial help to Dutch, 62.
-,-, Vienna thinks excluded from Anglo-French negotiations, 59; English efforts to separate from Dutch, 62, 87.
-,-, Dutch in no case to make peace without, 62; Florence unwilling to offend Dutch because of, 69.
-,-, Dutch resent prohibition of sale of their cloth in, 65.
-,-, Spanish attitude may drive England to adjustment with, 67; Charles will agree to inclusion in peace, 68.
-,-, Spain wishes to avoid giving offence to, 67; Sandwich says policy purely selfish, 75.
-,-, policy to keep Portugal at war, 71; Portuguese inclined to accept offer of alliance, 84n.
-,-, Dutch indignation with, over Beaufort, 75; Dutch very dissatisfied with, 78, 82.
-,-, suspicious of intentions of Dutch, 75; suspicion that may be left out of peace negotiations, 79; Dutch unlikely to make peace without, 109.
-,-, prudent policy keeping English and Dutch at war, 79; left alone to gather fruits of war, 88.
-,-, de Witt has strong leaning to, 86; partisans of will prevent Dutch separating from, 98.
-,-, Lisola dare not travel through, 94n; Lisola to get excluded from peace, 106.
-,-, Sandwich wishes excluded from peace, 97; Carlingford proposes continuance of war with, 99.
-,-, increased ill feeling in England against, 100; proposal to stop all commerce with, 101.
-,-, Pötting urges alliance to check, 100; Vienna would like to separate Dutch from and unite against, 107.
-,-, threat to stop supplies of Queen Henrietta if she remains in, 101.
-,-, Dutch encouraged by expectation of help from, 103, Dutch suspicious of naval measures of, 111.
-,-, discontent in at prospect of continuance of war with England, 103; peace efforts considered in, 106.
-,-, sending fresh troops to W. Indies, 106; Sandwich says Spanish policy may lead to war with, 108; Sandwich protests against Spanish negotiations with, 113; nature of proposals to Spain, 117.
-,-, Spanish policy to avoid bitterness with, 113; party in Spain favours opening negotiations with, 116.
-,-, neutral place appointed for, for congress, 113.
-,-, if peace with England, Dutch will have to submit to designs on Flanders, 116; Spaniards anxious to detach Dutch from and to keep hostile to England, 118.
-,-, effort to upset Portuguese negotiations with Spain, 119, 208; efforts to keep open breach between Spain and Portugal, 138.
-,-, Charles likely to make alliance with, if Spain rejects advances, 120, 132.
-,-, danger to England, of conquests in Flanders, 125; Castel Rodrigo convinced of designs on Flanders, 133.
-,-, conquests in W. Indies encourage traders of, 127; Louis formally allows trade with Dutch but discountenances purchases, 133.
-,-, not pleased at choice of Hague for congress, 137; 139; Dutch and Denmark will fall in with wishes about congress, 139.
-,-, van Beuninghen assures of steadfastness of Dutch to alliance, 137; proposed alliance with Denmark and Dutch to overawe England, 153.
-,-, a Colbert must have share in successes of, 137.
-,-, Dutch hope to postpone attack of on Flanders, 140; professes readiness to cooperate for peace, but not pleased at choice of Breda, 147.
-,-, sincere desire for peace in, for internal affairs and conquests of real advantage, 140.
-,-, large offers of to Charles, 142; policy to draw England over or secure neutrality, 152.
-,-, preparations for war not relaxed, 147; war with Spain considered settled, 149.
-,-, Portuguese send to, for help, 149; Portugal said to be unable to break with, 154, 162; arrangements with obstruct Sandwich's negotiations, 163.
-,-, Swedes ready to attack empire at sign from, 152; Sweden will have nothing to do with designs on Flanders, 165.
-,-, England will not agree to any advantage for in peace with Dutch, 155; Dutch fear arrangement with England, 165.
-,-, Dutch fear of attack on Flanders, 154–5; hint to England about Orange, 159.
-,-, good understanding with England believed universally, 156; merely playing with the Dutch, 161.
-,-, minister ready to trouble Dutch if encouraged by, 161; will want to keep hold on Dutch through continuance of war, 166.
-,-, Portuguese egged on by, 166; effect of influence on Portugal, 169.
-,-, every one watching with attention and mistrust, 165; progress in Flanders will make Dutch easy about peace terms, 175; Dutch jealousy of increasing, 182.
-,-, Molina represents peril if established in Flanders, 166; if attacks Flanders, England will defend, 168.
-,-, uneasy about English relations with Spain, 167; desire in Rome to check advance of, 186.
-,-, efforts to win over Jermyn, 173; policy modified by Medway affair, 173.
-,-, the peace not well received in, 177; doing utmost to create obstacles, 198.
-,-, Clarendon has strong leanings to, 181, 185; regret in, at Clarendon's fall, 183; Clarendon accused of being in pay of, 184; Clarendon a dependant of, 267.
-,-, no real love for Dutch, 182; English in good odour in, 190.
-,-, reported alliance to counterpoise power of, 187; Castelmelhor devoted to, 190; Dunkirk a part of ancient pretensions to, 194.
-,-, parliament not so hostile to, 190; parliamentarians won by gold of, 195.
-,-, English troops going to serve taken by Ostenders, 191; parliament forbids levy for, 194.
-,-, English chagrin at not being able to face up to, 194.
-,-, levy of Catholics for allowed to continue, 194.
-,-, Portugal pledged not to make peace without, 195–6; Portugal recently ratified treaty with, 197; St. Romain represents danger of breaking from, 201.
-,-, queen of Portugal strong for, 199; popular outcry against in Portugal, 202.
-,-, hoping for favourable resolutions from de Witt, 209.
-,-, Temple proposes alliance against to de Witt, 209, 213; Temple's proposals remarked in, 211.
-,-, proposals to England to partition Holland, 209, 210; English policy with ambiguous, 213.
-,-, negotiation does not interrupt action of, 210; unlikely to be pleased with treaty to coerce, 214.
-,-, efforts to keep Portuguese alliance, party there declined, 212; efforts to upset peace negotiations with Spain, 214.
-,-, Spain trying to prevent English adjustment with, 213; means to press advantage against Spain, 214.
-,-, triple alliance causes apprehension to though dissimulated, 217; fear of action of English and Dutch fleets, 221.
-,-, Charles urges Spain to make peace with, 217; claims to towns in Flanders, 233, 246.
-,-, help of, for Venice at Candia, 222, 227; Monk asks about, 227.
-,-, Dutch feel sure England will reject proposals to detach from them, 243.
-,-, designs on Flanders facilitated triple alliance, 243; eagerness to dissolve alliance, 276; every effort to that end, 314.
-,-, suggested joint action with, at Porte, 262.
-,-, proposal for mutual and exclusive trade with England, 263; not well received, 267, 276; balance of trade against, 276; question referred to deputies, 300; Colbert puts aside, 312.
-,-, Dutch trade with, 263; weather holds up letters from, 322.
-,-, steady policy to get rid of Dutch opposition, 264; Dutch fear money of may make English complaisant, 314.
-,-, Arlington alludes to Clarendon's partiality for, 269; asked to restore St. Kitts, 271; restitution ordered without delay, 314.
-,-, fear of fresh moves in Flanders, 278; Sandwich regrets that not forced to make peace and restitution, 318.
-,-, charge of enticing English workmen to, 300, 313; offers to Denmark for reciprocal trade, 331–2.
-,-, policy in Lorraine, 304; Tron and Giustinian leave for, 309.
-,-, Charles at heart well disposed to, 314; heavy cost leads to delay in sending embassy to, 329.
-,-, general review of, 13; troops sent to La Rochelle, 26, 149.
-,-, troops sent to Lyon, 27; troops sent to support Dutch fleet, 36–7, 63, 73.
-,-, troops sent to W. Indies, 106; troops sail from La Rochelle, 138.
-,-, troops invade Flanders, 142.
-,-, regiment of Douglas and English levies expected for, 183.
-,-, numbers of exaggerated, 216.
-, Council of:
-,-, consults Turenne, 23; decides to have squadron in Channel, 109.
-,-, question of place for congress referred to, 137.
-, fleet of:
-,-, particulars of, 1; at La Rochelle, 34.
-,-, fears for, 1; blockade leaves sea free for, 31; reported in bad state, 61; Sandwich speaks contemptuously of, 75.
-,-, junction with Dutch, 1; measures to prevent, 7; French unwilling to risk, 45.
-,-, Spanish precautions against, 4; to escort duchess of Nemours, 6; Beaufort awaiting ships of escort, 72; they reach Belle Isle, 73.
-,-, goods sent overland to avoid, 30, 40.
-,-, anxiety for, 72–3, 76; reaches Dieppe, 76, 78; scant achievement of, 79.
-,-, Dutch would like to see fight English alone, 73; Dutch indignant at absence of, 75; king's excuses for ineffectiveness of, 88.
-,-, did not keep bargain with Dutch, 78; saved by effect of great fire, 80; squadron of, defeated by English, 82.
-,-, Dutch ships detached from defeated by English, 82.
-,-, sixty ships promised to be under Ruyter's orders, 87; proposed arrangements for acting with Dutch, 102.
-,-, relief at safe arrival at Brest, 87; fear of English machinations against, 107.
-,-, measures for increasing strength of, 95, 98; Bellefont sent to buy Dutch ships for, 107, 109.
-,-, proposed squadron for Channel unlikely, 106; decision to have squadron in Channel, 109.
-,-, sixty ships to be sent out, in spring, 109; to cruise about and protect friendly shipping, 138.
-,-, squadron from Denmark for, 139, 140.
-,-, lack of men with sea experience, enrolment of sailors for, 140; sailors reluctant to serve in, forced, 149.
-,-, put into admirable order, 149; not expected to put to sea or to join Dutch, 156; may go to Flanders ports, 165.
-,-, 24 ships cruising off Biscay and Brittany, 163; raid of, on Ireland, 167.
-,-, unlikely to combine to hurt of English, 166; squadron enters Channel, 172.
-,-, one squadron gone to Rochelle the other to Brest, 172; said to be going to Lisbon to support queen, 190.
-,-, squadron for Mediterranean, 172; ordered back to ports and to avoid actions, 221.
-,-, Dutch say could have stopped levies going to Flanders, if present, 175n.
-,-, Harman defeats at Martinique, 189; squadron of 4 ships sent to W. Indies, 300.
-, king of. See Louis XIV.
-, merchants of. See merchants, French.
-, queen of. See Maria Theresa.
-, queen mother of. See Anne, widow of Louis XIII.
-, ships of. See ships, French.
Franchiori, Agostino, archbishop of Trebizond, papal nuncio at the congress of Aix la Chapelle, ceremonial practised by, 295.
Frankfort on Main, German Empire:
-, Mocenigo travels towards, 223; he is well received at, 232.
Frederick III, king of Denmark:
-, has merchant ships convoyed to Holland, 32; French will ask for 300 sail, 140.
-, busy equipping fleet, 146; keeping back ships for defence, 169.
-, pamphlet on reasons for war with, 157; informs dukes of Brunswick about Swedish designs, 161.
-, succession to Delmenhorst, 173; claim of English merchants at Hamburg on, 174; imposes new duties at the Sound, 264, 332.
Frederick William, margrave of Brandenburg, elector of Brandenburg:
-, proposed league to protect Denmark against Sweden, 24; defensive alliance to protect Bremen, 51.
-, offer of mediation, 57; offer accepted, 63, 159.
-, likely to promote interests of Orange, 159; congratulations to, on marriage, 236–7.
-, suspected of setting fire to London, several arrested, 77.
-, repel English attack at St. Kitts, 181.
-, bodies of, arrive at Lisbon, 197; Portuguese call for expulsion of, 202.
-, Lille ready to expel if Spaniards support, 233.
-, many volunteers, at siege of Candia, 258; taking part in defence, 311.
-, arrested for enticing away English workmen, 300; memorial against silversmiths, 318.
Friesland, Netherlands, province of:
-, ships join grand fleet, 14.
-, eager for peace, indifferent about place of meeting, 144; desires deputy to congress, 150; appoints deputy, 153.
-, consents to arrest of Marchesini, 324.
Friquet, Fichet, John V., imperial secretary at the Hague:
-, foments Dutch dissatisfaction with France, 59; tries to alarm Dutch about French projects, 116.
-, reports English advances for separate peace, 62.