Kara Mustapha, Caimecam:
-, demands use of French ships, 43; Ventelet gets Jews to accuse Gobbato to, 225.
Keeper, the lord. See Bridgeman, Sir Orlando.
Kempthorne, Rear Admiral John:
-, preparing squadron for the Strait, 123n, 126n; sails, 132; convoyed merchantmen to Cadiz, returning, 146; captures French ship off Cape St. Vincent, 163.
Kendal, duke of. See Charles, duke of Kendal.
Kentri. See Kintyre.
Kerseys. See under cloth.
Kievet, Johan, regent of Rotterdam:
-, implicated with Buat, flees country, 67.
Kinsale, co. Cork, Ireland:
-, news from, 167n.
-, left in charge at London on Boreel's departure, 320.
Kintyre, Kentri, Argyll, Scotland:
-, Argyle pursuing rebels in, 126.
Kiuprili, Ahmad, Grand Vizier of Turkey:
-, Winchelsea appeals to, 43; decision about consulage awaited, 44.
-, gentleman sent by Durazzo to, 96; army of, against Candia, reinforced, 219; hopes of success, 301.
-, outrageous treatment of Ventelet by, 235.
Klingenbergh, Paul, Danish ambassador at the Hague:
-, informed of letter of States to Charles about congress, 125.
Konigsmarck, Chinismarch, Otto William de, Swedish ambassador in France:
-, to offer mediation 2; mediation delayed, 5; to explain action of colleagues, 24; speaks to king about mediation, 53; gives no hint of place, 57.
-, thinks highly of English, 2; poor opinion of Dutch, 3; French suspicious of, 5.
-, tries to prevent France helping Denmark, 5; king's reply to, 6; French arrange with for neutrality of Sweden, 35.
-, not to concern himself with Dutch, 44; sudden decision to leave, reasons for, 91; explains position to Giustinian, 94; leaves Paris, 101.
La Barre, Sieur de, M. Bas:
-, leaves La Rochelle for W. Indies, 106; troops sent to W. Indies under, 130.
La Fuente, Marquis. See Tello de Guzman.
La Medema, merchant, 51.
-, letters from, inviting Charles to attack France, 27, 64.
Larissa [Thessaly, Greece], appearance of Sultan at, 302.
La Roche, French naval officer:
-, captured by English, 82, 96.
-, St. André, M. de:
sent to command ships acquired in Denmark, 139; ordered to enlist sailors, 140.
reported peace mission to England, 118.
La Rochelle. See Rochelle.
lead, purchase of, for Venice, 207, 209, 211.
-, Mocenigo asks for supply of, 259, 262, 270, 290, 310, 323.
-, installed as director of Gobelins factory, 300n.
Leghorn [Prov. Livorno, Italy]: 245.
-, despatches dated at, 143, 145, 193.
-, news from, 130.
-, convoy from Smyrna reaches, 29; English unlade goods at to send overland, 30; quarrels between English and Dutch at, 44.
-, English ships at, with oil, 34; with cloth, silk and wool, 40; ships from E. Indies at, with saltpetre, 236.
-, Rome's objection to chaplain at English residence at, 69, 70, 124n; chaplain leaves, another expected, 123; nothing more said about, 127.
-, English chief support of trade at, 70; English ships at, 145.
-, Finch leaves Florence for, 127; Finch staying at, 133; French galleys at, English looking for, 155; English squadron sails away from, 157.
-, Vincenti's efforts to hire ships at, 132, 143, 145, 156, 163.
-, lack of trade at, 163; flow of ships to, beginning, 193; trade beginning to flourish again, 198.
-, no complete relief for till sea cleared of corsairs, 163.
-, merchants of, 166; rejoice at prospect of revived trade, 193; purchase of lead at, 209.
-, Harvey to confer with Finch at, about mediation with Porte, 236; Harvey hopes to find instructions, 238.
-, question of salute at, 238, 244.
-, Harvey to go to, incognito, 244; proposed offices with at, 249.
-, 2 galleys built at for Tangier, 300n.
-, letters of Harvey from, 322; Arlington refers to his conference with Finch at, 324; misunderstanding at, about mediation, 328.
-, chaplains at. See Beeby; Denham; Wilson.
Le Maire, — buccaneer, takes part in capture of Providence, 97n.
Leopard, royal navy:
-, chases French galleys with cardinals, 155.
-, takes Harvey to East, not to go beyond Smyrna, 229, 237, 244–5.
Leopold, the emperor, Cæsar:
-, sending peace mission to England, 9; suggested alliance with England, 39; compliments to England, 99.
-, agrees to mission of Lisola to England, 40; Spain must refer to about relations with England, 55; Pötting wishes to acquaint with Sandwich's intentions, 90.
-, trying to draw Swedes to other side, 71.
-, failed to help Munster, 99; Lisola offers Charles mediation of, 125; Charles inclined to accept, 134; Charles accepts, 137.
-, Carlingford urges to forward peace with Portugal, 99.
-, Pötting represents advantage of union with to check France, 100; Spain and England associated with would curb Louis, 120; paper handed to about French claims in Brabant, 125.
-, Pötting will give clear account of negotiations to, 136; insists on Spain making peace with Portugal, 167.
-, mediation foreshadows complications, 149; Dutch believe will cause delay, 150.
-, proposed alliance for security, 163; reported alliance against France, 187.
-, question of free passage of troops to Flanders, 165; sending troops to Alsace, 168.
-, waiting for decision of parliament about Flanders, 193; concerned about Flanders, 330.
-, has sole right to intervene about posts at Trent, 223.
-, permits levies for Venice, 227, 265, 284, 290; help due to political motives, 255; reluctant to commit himself, 286.
-, alliance with Sweden, 268; and Lorraine, 304.
-, might join others in representations at Porte, 286.
Leslie, Lesle, Walter, count, imperial ambassador at the Porte:
-, Howard at Constantinople with, 30; correspondence with Winchelsea, 55.
letters, carriage of. See posts.
Levant: 193, 211.
-, ships from captured, 24; ships safe back from, 124.
-, trade of, a hindrance to helping Venice, 210, 224, 228, 231, 234, 246, 249, 254, 266, 279, 284–5, 289, 290, 297, 303, 308, 310, 316; Dutch fear English may steal march on them in, 217.
-, Dutch might send fleet to, to stop supplies to Turkey, 218; despatch of munitions to, 302.
-, Marchesini to reply about question of trade, 220; his reply to Arlington about, 224.
-, Dutch scheming to secure all the trade of, 228, 284.
-, squadrons of Naples and Sicily sent to, 265.
-, English would consider trade lost if Dutch denounced them at Porte, 316.
Turks more careful about demanding use of ships of, 237; respect of Turks for, 245.
merchants of attend Mocenigo's entry, 274.
proposal to divert currant trade from, to Morea, 304, 326&7.
-, -, See also Cephalonia; Zante.
-, parliament stops, for France, 194.
-, Charles forbids further, 200.
-, Venice decides to make, in Holland and England, 203, 208, 211.
-, Marchesini going for, 212.
-, Irish for Venice, 310, 323.
Leyden [Prov. S. Holland, Netherlands]:
-, concerned at French prohibition of Dutch cloth, 65.
Leyonberg, John Barkman, Swedish resident in England:
-, Mocenigo informs of arrival, 261; he meets at Carlisle's house, 326.
Liche, Lice, marquis of. See Haro, Gaspar de.
Liège [Prov. Liège, Belgium]:
-, news from, 158.
-, suggested for peace conference, 53, 109; Orange goes to, 87.
-, accepted for peace congress, 110.
-, college of, Jesuits of, plot to kill de Witt, 147.
-, Clarendon expected to go to, 206.
Lille [Nord, France]:
-, ready to expel French garrison, 233.
Linch. See Binche.
Lindsey, earl of. See Bertie, Robert.
Lion, royal navy:
-, Harman's flagship at Martinique, 189n.
Lionne, Liona, Hughes de, marquis de Fresne, French foreign secretary: 313
-, Giustinian speaks to about ships serving Turks, and peace, 83.
-, opinion about loss in fire of London, 83; van Beuninghen assures of steadfastness of Dutch, 137; he makes representations to about union of fleets, 165.
-, refers question of place for congress to Council, 137; at conference about congress, 148.
-, comes to Paris, about improving English relations, 168; Jermyn asks to expel Clarendon, 206; sends articles of triple alliance to Holland, 215.
Lippomanno, Andrea, Venetian Proveditore of Cephalonia:
-, despatches to the Senate, 51, 118, 132, 151.
Lisbon, Portugal: 38.
-, news from, 119.
-, Beaufort off, 11, 26; Beaufort at, unloading wheat, 23, 26.
-, Southwell returns to, 20, 83; duchess of Nemours sails for, 26.
-, English ships taking wheat to, 25, 34; English ships from captured, 181.
-, reply from reaches Sandwich, 95; Sandwich urged to remove difficulties raised at, 97; he sends gentleman to, 105.
-, powers from awaited, 108; desire for royal title at, 111.
-, Prophet Elias sailing to, 127n, 141; Castelmelhor retires to monastery near, 190.
-, Godolphin going to, 189, 196; Sandwich to go in person to, 192, 195–9; his journey to, 217.
-, Beaufort to take fleet to, 190–1; efforts of French ambassador at, to thwart peace, 193.
-, unwillingness to treat suspected at, 195; Sandwich possibly warned from of improbability of success, 197.
-, bodies of French troops arrive at, 197.
-, quarrels at quenched, 199, 202; Estates to meet at, to settle government, 202.
-, Sampson to return to, 202n; Marquis of Liche reports from, 214.
-, Sandwich's mission to given up, 206; Sandwich starts for, 207; Sandwich near, 209; Sandwich received with joy at, 212.
-, English squadron expected at, 214.
-, Sandwich in disfavour for negotiations at, 248.
Lisola, Francis Paul, freiherr von, dell' Isola, imperial minister in Spain:
-, ordered to England, 40; French concerned about despatch to England, 62; reason for circuitous route taken by, 94n.
-, to encourage separate peace with Dutch and their union with Austria, 62; Sandwich calls mission artful and deceitful, 94; Carlingford's departure will change negotiations of, 99; leaves Brussels for London, 106.
-, objects of mission, 99; French expect activity in London, 122; efforts to keep England and France at war, 125, 131.
-, offers mediation of emperor, 125, 134; frequently meeting ministers, 134; Charles accepts mediation offered by, 137.
-, Ruvigny sent to England to thwart, 125, 181; French believe to have arranged an alliance, 133; trying to win over Swedes, 134.
-, Charles shows partiality for and receives courteously, 136; England cleverly managed by, 144.
-, returning to England, 152; policy to hinder adjustment or cause Austria to be included in peace, 155.
-, doing utmost to secure alliance, 167; expects meeting of parliament will be useful for Flanders, 172–3.
-, prevailed on parliament to cut down army, 180; reports that England will help Spain, 181.
-, copy of French intercepted despatches sent to, to use, 184; French suspect of hand in Anglo-Dutch treaty, 214.
-, pessimistic description of England by, 195.
-, writes of hard proposals made to him, 195.
-, overtures to Dutch ambassadors, wants to know attitude of States, 210.
London, 2, 45, 58, 66, 89, 151, 170, 190, 197, 200, 243, 261, 293, 298.
-, despatches dated at, 225–7, 231, 237–8, 241, 243, 245, 247, 250–1, 253, 255, 257, 259, 261, 263, 265, 267–8, 271–2, 275, 277, 283, 285, 287, 290, 293, 295–6, 298, 301, 303, 305, 308–9, 312–3, 317, 319, 321, 323, 325–6, 328–9, 331–2.
-, news from, 133, 158, 187–8.
-, Dutch ambassadors not entertained at in 1653, 150.
-,-, Charles demands congress shall meet at, 24, 63, 68, 79, 91, 94, 107; peace proposals brought to, 86.
-,-, rejoicings in, for naval victory, 34; friars of St. Bernard executed in, 77.
-,-, parliament to meet to decide about rebuilding, 81; question discussed, 86; king orders restoration in more stately form, 92.
-,-, difficulty about movables saved from fire, 81; question of salvage in ashes, 86–7.
-,-, temporary housing of populace of, 81; impossible to get contributions to war from, 93.
-,-, Southwell brought Sandwich packets from, 84; Lisola left for, 106.
-,-, circuitous journey of Lisola to, 94; Swedish ambassadors staying on in, 95.
-,-, difficult to raise money in absence of resources of, 103.
-,-, Dutch must come to, for peace congress, 113.
-,-, Spaniards wish to write to, about Portugal, 114; coolness at compared with Sandwich's zeal, 115.
-,-, two Frenchmen imprisoned in, 126.
-,-, eight ships leave for Leghorn, 132; ships from, at Leghorn, 145.
-,-, Lisola active in, 134; as place for peace congress, 137, 148.
-,-, Dutch send to about changing place of congress, 141; Swedish mediators leave, 157.
-,-, ships fetching oil and grain for, from Apulia, 145.
-,-, persons sent to, from Madrid, 154, 164, 176; Sandwich waiting for ratification from, 182.
-,-, passports sent to for deputies to congress, 158.
-,-, mayor and aldermen publish declaration for rebuilding, 158; French remit money to, 182.
-,-, Dutch hold practically besieged, 171, 174.
-,-, Dutch success causes great commotion in, 171; anxiety about Smith in, 177.
-,-, parliament reassembles in, 179, 193.
-,-, troops embarked from, for Flanders, 181.
-,-, Sandwich refers everything to, 183; Godolphin going to, 189, 209, 216; Sheres back at Madrid from, 194, 196.
-,-, copy of French intercepted letters sent to, 184; Barberino laments absence of correspondent in, 186.
-,-, ships bound for, 191; ships from expected at Leghorn, 193.
-,-, lead from, at Leghorn, 207; no more coming from, 209.
-,-, St. Albans going to, 210, 213.
-,-, question of hiring ships can be raised in, 211.
-,-, joy in, over triple alliance, 215; Colbert urges return of Clarendon to, 267; thinks impossible, 312.
-,-, Marchesini sent to, 220, 222; Mocenigo on way to, 222, 239; Mocenigo at, 244, 251, 256.
-,-, Sandwich shipping for, 220; Cigala appears in, 268.
-,-, letter from for 1000 ducats, 222; letters to and from Venice to be paid for at, 319.
-,-, members in, meet to prorogue parliament, 231; Court and gentry away from, as usual in August, 241, 271.
-,-, exorbitant rents in, difficulty of finding houses, 240.
-,-, Colbert arrives in, 243, 246; Colbert's public entry into, 250, 252.
-,-, Marchesini tired of stay in, 245; king very little at, 255; queen away from, 301.
-,-, king leaves suddenly, 265; king and Court leave, 287, 289; king's absence from, 294.
-,-, Mocenigo's public entry into, 273–4; king, queen and York return to, 305–6; St. Catherine's day celebrated in, 323.
-,-, riot in against Dutch embassy, 320–1; mob attacks Spanish embassy, dispersed by troops, 321.
-, fire of. See fire of London.
-, places in and near:
Covent Garden, Dona dies at house in, 220, 246.
Exchange, burned in fire, 77.
Fleet St., rebuilding begun, 158.
Leicester Square, Leicester House in, Colbert's residence, 246.
Lincolns Inn Fields, house of Sandwich in, 91.
Minories, fire in, 127.
St. James' palace, duke of Kendal dies at, 166n.
Somerset House, prepared for Prince of Tuscany, 318.
the Tower, 277, 323.
-, prisoners in, 126; Noiset imprisoned in, 300; released from, 313.
-, Colbert received at, 252; Mocenigo received at, 274.
Whitechapel, Witecapel, fire in, 127.
-, palace, escapes fire, 77; valuables taken to for preservation, 81.
-, Marchesini goes to audience at, 226; Colbert goes to audience at, 252; Mocenigo goes to audience at, 280.
-, new staircase building at, 280.
-, Court leaves, for cleaning and repairs, 287n.
-, letters dated at, 140, 147, 153.
-, decree dated at, 314.
-, river of. See Thames.
Lords, House of, Upper House:
-, difference with Commons over place for peace congress, 113; quarrel with Commons intensified, 120; difference with Commons over money for fleet, 130.
-, desires peace, 120; king chooses members of, to inquire into finances, 127.
-, dispute with Commons over Clarendon, 201; Clarendon's letter read in, 204, 205n.
-, See also parliament.
-, Dutch indifferent about, 299; England indifferent about, 312.
-, quarrel of Palatine with, 304, 312.
-, duke of. See Charles III.
-, Alfonse Louis de, chevalier d'Harcourt:
commanding troops for Candia, 227–8.
-, Philip, chevalier de:
troops sent to Calais under, 37.
Louis XIV, king of France, the Most Christian: 313, 325.
-, recalled ambassadors from England, 18; success with bishop of Munster, 88.
-, distinguished Englishman who served during king's exile, 326.
-,-, would blame Dutch for mishap to fleet, 1; receives news of Dutch victory, 17, 22; in position to reap advantage, 19.
-,-, accepts Swedish mediation, 2, 5; retort to Konigsmarck about Denmark, 6; Konigsmarck to explain action of colleagues to, 24.
-,-, orders troops to be ready, 13; strong forces of, 19, 21.
-,-, good fortune of, 18; triumphant ascendancy, 27.
-,-, ambition of, in Flanders, 21; Sandwich warns Junta of designs of, 32–3.
-,-, progress in Flanders a menace to England, 22.
-,-, drinks to health of Dutch, reproves Madame, 27; Monaco tells of experiences in sea fight, 27; insists on Dutch victory, 34.
-,-, Spaniards fear Dutch success will mean ascendancy of, 33; Embrun assures Spaniards of sincerity of, 41; advances to Spain, 55.
-,-, orders Beaufort to Dutch waters, 34; orders governors of Boulogne and Dunkirk to supply Ruyter, 41.
-,-, profits from release of blockaded shipping, 37; Dutch forgetful of obligations to, 52.
-,-, without news of Thames battle, 50; sends gold chain to Ruyter, 62.
-,-, Dutch arrangement with for honouring Beaufort, 51; sends assurances to Dutch about Beaufort, 52; sends troops to help Dutch, 63; orders troops to be ready at orders of Beaufort and Ruyter, 73.
-,-, Konigsmarck sees about mediation, 53; Pötting warns Spain against ambitions of, 55; Embrun pleased at upsetting negotiations prejudicial to, 67.
-,-, Sandwich threatens Spain to make peace with, 58; has assurances from Embrun about Anglo-Spanish negotiations, 62.
-,-, Sandwich says easy to detach Dutch from, 59; receives despatches from Embrun, 70.
-,-, does not wish to abandon negotiations, visits Queen Henrietta, 63.
-,-, deputes commissioners to inquire about treasonable practices, 64.
-,-, La Feuillade to threaten Dutch with indignation of, 73; Dutch inform of serious internal troubles, 74.
-,-, squadron from Lisbon awaiting orders of, 73; orders Beaufort to Havre, 75; informed of his arrival there, 76.
-,-, London fire an instance of marvellous luck of, 76, 78; will not have rejoicings for, 80.
-,-, condoles with Queen Henrietta and offers relief for victims, 80.
-,-, ready to procure peace for common service, 83; Konigsmarck says is sincerely disposed to peace, 94.
-,-, pledges to Dutch for new campaign, 87; assurances to van Beuninghen, 88; Dutch dissatisfied with, 98.
-,-, means to make himself strong at sea, measures taken, 95, 98, 111; got no satisfaction from hiring Dutch ships, 107; Dutch suspicion of, 111.
-,-, van Beuningen asks to given orders for naval co-operation, 102; repeats assurances to van Beuningen and asks for co-operation, 109.
-,-, representations to, from Brittany, of difficulty of paying taxes, 103.
-,-, refuses Beaufort permission to come to Court, 107.
-,-, Embrun claims to have powers from to negotiate alliance, 108; Spanish policy to prevent adjustment with England, 113.
-,-, wishes to recall all French sailors from Holland, 111.
-,-, caressing and scourging policy with Portugal, 112; minister sent to from Portugal, 119.
-,-, Spaniards criticise their government for not using, instead of England, 115.
-,-, England with emperor and Spain could balance power of, 121; paper on claims to Brabant handed to emperor, 125.
-,-, letter to States to remove then suspicions, 121; Dutch hope to avert attack of on Flanders, 156, 159.
-,-, issues orders for special protection of ships, 126; sending troops to W. Indies, 130; Sandwich talks of dividing W. Indies with, 132.
-,-, Spain does not wish to have hands free and will try to keep occupied, 129; Sweden ready to do whatever wishes, 152.
-,-, orders Dunkirk ships to attack Flemish ships taking goods to England, 130.
-,-, offers help to Charles against disaffected, 130; Jermyn only brings compliments to, from Charles, 133; Charles may not gratify about neutrality, 152.
-,-, discountenances purchase of goods from Dutch, 133.
-,-, agrees to Hague for peace congress, 137; cannot well attack Brabant when congress at Breda, 146.
-,-, consulting military commanders, 142; continues to arm, 145; decided on war against Spain, 156.
-,-, goes to Queen Henrietta after letters from England, 143; Estrades assures Dutch of desire for peace, 157.
-,-, well supplied with money and troops, may use them in several directions, 145; suspected agreement with Portugal, 154; Portugal ratifies alliance with, 197.
-,-, sends passports to London for English deputies, 158; Dillon offers levy of Irish to, 166.
-,-, Dutch try to dissuade from attack on Brabant, 159; claim to Brabant explained to Dutch, 160; letter to queen regent of Spain on claims, 161n; does not claim what the Dutch took from Spain, 161; Spaniards sure will not restore his conquests, 186.
-,-, Estrades tries to convince de Witt of sincere intentions of, 161.
-,-, Embrun believes will forestall Spaniards with Charles, 164; harmonious relations with Charles, 165.
-,-, princes of Germany think of sending to about peace with Spain, 165; emperor fears rupture with, 168.
-,-, will accept mediation about Flanders, 165; increasing dislike of Dutch for progress in Flanders, 173.
-,-, Jermyn goes in haste to see, 167; Venice regrets dislike of an adjustment, 178.
-,-, Jermyn complains to about landing in Ireland, 167.
-,-, Spain dislikes Dutch success as being favourable to, 175; Vienna hopes that English and Dutch will check in Flanders, 179; Dutch considering it, 185.
-,-, Charles writes to about difficulty of granting levy, 184.
-,-, Beaufort likely to bring Portugal over to, 191; Sandwich refers to opposition of, 197.
-,-, cordial reception of Clarendon, 204; receives him at Versailles, Clarendon imparts state secrets to, 206.
-,-, Dutch advocate close union with, to coerce Spain, 206.
-,-, receives Trevor, complains to him of ingratitude of Charles, 215; exaltation of Dutch contrary to principles of, 263–4.
-,-, triple alliance to check ambition of, 215; delays announcement of his claims, 253.
-,-, assistance of, for Venice, 222, 226–7, 239, 265, 270, 278, 284, 287, 298.
-,-, Colbert attests friendship of, 252; Montagu to go as ambassador to, 253.
-,-, recalls Ventelet from Porte, 255, 286; contribution to defence of Candia, 258.
-,-, pensions paid by, in England, 263; Clarendon persuades to ask for his return to England, 267.
-,-, offers to buy Tangier, 264, 267.
-,-, aims to maintain friendly relations with England, 272; Sandwich speaks of ill will to England, 318.
-,-, regard for Venice, 276; aware of urgent need of Candia, 287.
-,-, might join in representations at Porte, 286; Colbert claims that doing his share, 294.
-,-, possible change of policy, 294; Dutch not pleased about Pimentelli's mission to, 299.
-,-, sends squadron to St. Kitts, 300; ready to buy St. Kitts, 306; orders governor to hand over island, 321.
-,-, sends money to minister with Swiss, 327.
-, VI, landgrave of Hesse Darmstadt:
Mocenigo sees, 232.
-, son of Louis XIV, the Dauphin:
claim to Brabant in right of, 161.
-, duke of Vendôme, later Cardinal, Cardinal Vendome:
celebrates nuptials of niece, by proxy, 26; in galley, chased by English, 155.
Louis Henry, prince of Simmern:
-, marries Orange princess, 87.
Low Countries. See Flanders.
Lowestoft, co. Suffolk:
-, battle of, referred to, 17.
Loyal London, Royal London, royal navy:
-, Dutch burn, in Medway, 170, 171n.
Lubeck [German Empire]:
-, la Roche St. Andre to enlist sailors at, 140.
Luneburg, Lunemburgh [Hanover, German Empire]:
-, Marchesini going to, for despatch of troops, 315, 320.
-, See also Brunswick.
-, dukes of. See Ernest Augustus; George William.
Lyon [Rhone, France]:
-, troops sent to bridle, 27.