Nantes [Loire Inferieure, France]: edict of, Charles complains of infringement, 32.
Naples [Prov. Napoli, Italy], 316. Winchelsea at, 54.
Nassau, William II of, prince of Orange:
-, opposition to giving son powers enjoyed by, 188; talk of Holland granting powers, 194; questions under consideration, 202.
-, son trying to recover money lent by, to Charles I, 311.
-, William III of, prince of Orange:
excluded from Queen Henrietta's inheritance, 130n; Madame expected to suggest protection of, to Charles, 190, 209.
proposed visit to England, 188, 194; Beuningen will watch proposals about, 189.
Holland's opposition to grant of powers to, 188; French hope to use, to make trouble between English and Dutch, 190; visit to England would be useful for claims, 194; expected in England, 204; expects great advantages from journey to England, 264.
question of giving place in Council under discussion, 201–2; States decide to admit, 207; Charles resents manner of, 212.
expects protection of England, 207; Charles disposed to support, 209.
may have post of Captain General, 207; Arlington criticises Dutch for treatment of, 209; Temple supposed to have come about grievances of, 282, 285.
Ossory sent to invite to England, 276; proposes to start, 283.
puts off visit, to get pension from States, 282; Dutch decide on visit and to pay expenses, 288.
following greatly increased, 283; change in Dutch attitude to, 288; English surprise at, 290–1.
Ossory sent to fetch, 288–9; Dutch misgivings about visit, 289; eagerly expected, 293.
will get sympathetic hearing for complaints against the States, 291; States assign pension to, 311.
Boreel and van Beuningen closely watching all movements of, 291; Colbert has misgivings about, 296.
attitude of Mocenigo to, 291; attitude of foreign ministers to, 291, 293.
quarters preparing for, 293; arrives, reception, 301; goes about sight seeing, 311.
king gives precedence over Rupert, 301; Lord Mayor's banquet to, 314n.
narrowly watched by Colbert and Molina, 311; announces intention to leave, 318.
trying to get payment of money lent to Charles I, 311; may be referred to parliament, 318.
naturalisation of aliens, act for, in Scotland, 147.
-, bill for, introduced in Lords, 310; debate upon, difficulty of oath, 313.
navy, the royal, fleet:
-, squadron maintained in Mediterranean, 1; cannot be lent to Venice, 20; more ships for Mediterranean, 44, 49, 68; ships being actively equipped, 53.
-, king orders, to compel French to recognise flag, 72; no fresh instructions about, 86.
-, king orders twenty frigates against Algiers, heavy cost, 75; force sails, 86.
-, Venice hopes will create diversion, 85; going to Majorca to refit, 143.
-, Algerines unwilling to engage ships of, 147; encounters with Algerines, 150, 240, 253.
-, eight ships of, escort Spanish treasure fleet, 157; at Port Mahon, 201.
-, three ships to reinforce Allen, 170, 174; three ships convoy merchantmen from Genoa, 190.
-, sends to Leghorn for provisions, 216.
-, sailing against Algiers, 216; negotiations for joint action with Dutch, 226; van Beuningen gives up speaking about, 230.
-, Dutch Indiamen go round Scotland to avoid, 231.
-, Spragg likely to command squadron in Strait, 253; in Mediterranean against pirates, 273; a protection to Italy, 274.
-, victory over Algerines off Cape Spartel, 278, 285–6.
-, decision to arm fifty ships for the summer, 285; for upholding peace of Aix, 295; cost of, 301.
-, three ships sent for Orange, 289; convoy for merchantmen at Zante, 316.
-, York prepares the fifty ships, 306; move of Louis to Dunkirk a reply to, 313.
-, Commons to discuss means for raising money required by, 313; Commons vote money for, 317.
Negri, Ottavio, secretary to Venetian Senate, 40.
-, Vincenzo, reads office to Dodington, 304.
Neptune, English ship:
-, gunpowder taken from, by Venetian admiral, 27; payment promised for, 32.
Netherlands, Dutch, High Mightinesses Holland, States:
-, England feeling consequence of war with, 3; English ships burned in Elbe by, 43.
-,-, question of help for Candia, 1, 4, 6, 10, 26–7, 33; England waiting for, to act first, 10, 13, 19; example would not change English policy, 32.
-,-, ready to satisfy Sweden for Spanish subsidy, 2, 16; policy with Sweden, 9.
-,-, and the triple alliance, 4, 6, 11, 25; want to control all negotiations, 14; pledged for maintenance of peace, 21.
-,-, England and trade of, 5; English suspicions of, 10, 26, 36.
-,-, not committed to the Turks, 6; open trade negotiations with Taffilet, 29.
-,-, and relations with Venice, 7, 16, 48; Venice releases steel and tin for, 7; Venetian money sequestrated in, 36.
-,-, increasing forces, 9, 25; ready to mediate between Sweden and Muscovy, 21; arrangement with Denmark about dues at Sound, 38.
-,-, send Brosses to Leghorn to look after trade, 24.
-,-, fear of Munster and Dunkirk fortifications, 25, 28–9; affect indifference about Dunkirk, 38.
-,-, alarmed by French attitude, 25–6; view Montagu's mission to France with suspicion, 31, 33, 43.
-,-, England showing great civility to, 30; want to force hand of Charles about French conquests, 34.
-,-, sending de Witt to France, 33; mission held up, 34.
-,-, proposal to exclude French manufactures, 33; French policy to take trade from, 45, 58.
-,-, commercial treaty with England, difficulty about Indies, 38; no ambassador appointed for England, 51.
-,-, party most interested in triple alliance, 43; mediators between Spain and Sweden, 47, 60, 62.
-,-, would claim same privileges from Spain as English, 46; bring constant pressure to bear on Spaniards, 77.
-,-, Spain wants to guarantee pension to Sweden, 51; Spain will not accept offer of, unless forced, 52; Sweden accepts guarantee of, 62; advantages from agreement, 63; ulterior aims, 64.
-,-, medal issued in, commemorating Medway affair, 58.
-,-, renewal of alliance reported from, 58; concern in Spain's dealings with Sweden, 70.
-,-, France demanding satisfaction from, 59; attitude to Anglo-French relations, 67–8.
-,-, peace with Macassar for exclusive trade, 63; a stimulus to Anglo-French commercial treaty, 66–7; growing ill feeling against, over trade, 87.
-,-, Sweden's reply to Spain detained in, 73; minister of Brunswick condemns egoistic policy of, 76.
-,-, Velasco incensed against, 78; suggest exchange of Flanders for Franche Comté, 81.
-,-, debt due by, to Denmark for armaments, 78, 150; dislike Danish mission to Munster, 150.
-,-, Charles complains of delay over commercial treaty, 87; intent on aggrandisement by trade, 100.
-,-, anxious to cultivate good relations with England, 87; tension with England over trade in Indies, 108.
-,-, French complain of meddling in affairs of Spain, 99; French closely watching policy of, 101.
-,-, uneasy about arming of Munster, 100; Anglo-French commercial treaty a blow to, 120.
-,-, anxious to avoid a rupture, 101; want to transfer negotiations from Lille to Hague, 103, 115.
-,-, money for Sweden reaches, 101; advice to Sweden about accepting money, 107.
-,-, Council observing selfish aims of, 110; Molina says English being surpassed by, in trade, 136.
-,-, Pomponne restricted to negotiation with, 115.
-,-, claim against Portugal settled, 115; satisfaction over settlement, 120; advantages from, 121.
-,-, to guarantee Spanish payment to Sweden, 118; Sweden insists on guarantee of, 135.
-,-, proposed contribution to guarantee of Flanders, 118, 134, 146; arming strongly, from fear of France, 137, 142, 145.
-,-, efforts at mediation between Sweden and Muscovy, 120; French resent grant of English levies to, 136.
-,-, mean to be strong in Mediterranean, 147; Charles urges to arm ships against corsairs, 161.
-,-, Guldenlow proceeding to, 151; interest in relations of Spain and Sweden, 153.
-,-, Levant trade of, inferior to English, 153; succour for Spain, in event of French attack, 156, 166; advantage of, from alliance, 158.
-,-, French will not accept as arbitrators, 156; Spaniards favour mediation of, 164.
-,-, English policy to burden with French hate, 159; Godolphin thinks France will find it hard to hurt, 164.
-,-, news about decision on fleet against corsairs awaited, 163; Charles relieved by action against corsairs, 186.
-,-, do not want emperor to share in mediation, 164; Godolphin's representations against including as mediators, 172.
-,-, move Spaniards to suggest as arbitrators, 166; uncertain about being asked, 181; resent French refusal as arbitrators, 188.
-,-, payment by, for Spain, 167; covenant for guarantee of Spanish dominions, 169.
-,-, suspicion of journey of Louis to Flanders, 176; suspect his designs on Cologne and Aix, 178; think they have provided against French plans of conquest, 185–6.
-,-, practise of, in paying dues at Sound, 181; and Sautin's claims against Venice, 234–5.
-,-, interest in conference between Charles and Madame, 186; misgivings about, 190; fear of alliance between England and France, 209.
-,-, opposition in, to giving hereditary powers to Orange, 188, 202; French hope to use Orange to separate from England, 190; Louis closely watching developments in, 209.
-,-, Spanish Council inclines to choose as mediators, 191, 204; English suspicion of behaviour over mediation, 194; French objection to mediation by, 233, 236–8, 243, 248, 252, 259.
-,-, French hope to profit by Madame's visit at expense of, 196; disputes in, about Orange's entry into Council, 201–2, 207.
-,-, French seeking every means of injuring, 196; and to separate from England, 212.
-,-, jealous for conservation of alliance, 203; Colbert believes policy to strengthen alliance, 215.
-,-, complimentary mission to Denmark, 207; recognise Danish dominion over Sound, 207.
-,-, Arlington criticises treatment of Orange, 209; Charles resents treatment, 212.
-,-, Francesco di Melo returning to, 210; friendliness to Venice, 215; suggested embassy to Venice, 235.
-,-, success against Macassar, 215, 231; no need of support in the East, 231.
-,-, expected to use Madame's death to estrange England and France, 218; van Beuningen watching for opportunity to turn event to account for, 220; says France's loss in Madame a notable gain to, 226.
-,-, French will take every means to thwart plans of, 226; Buckingham to try and modify French objection to, 239.
-,-, may prefer a separate peace with corsairs, 230.
-,-, only want commercial advantage in treaty with England, 230; estimate of shipping, 257.
-,-, Spain desires as third mediator, 233, 236; Bonsy says got nomination by force, 238; resent exclusion, 242.
-,-, importance attached by, to van Beuningen's mission, 233; inclined to recall him and send to Spain, 242; not to leave without consent of, 283.
-,-, prevented Spain from yielding Flanders to France, 238; France considers partisans rather than judges, 248.
-,-, England urges Spain to give way about, 244; declare that no desire to mediate, 252, 259.
-,-, give York title of Royal Highness, 246; claim for ships burned by, in Elbe, 266.
-,-, Buckingham's negotiations in France to detriment of, 257; naval union against, inevitable, 258; French feel sure of, 272.
-,-, Charles ready to profit by difficulties of, 257; French favours to Buckingham very distasteful to, 264.
-,-, personal animosity of Louis against, 258; great apprehension of coalition between England and France, 269.
-,-, anxious about Danish policy, have eye on Cologne, 260; Lorraine appeals to, for help, 280
-,-, Spanish reply about arbitration of, awaited, 265; Spain withdraws nomination of, 285.
-,-, accused of injuring common trade in Indies, 266; union of England, France and Portugal against trade of, 278.
-,-, news of movement of French forces causes to rush to arms, 270; alleged proposal of Lorraine to, to invade France, 284.
-,-, spread reports of absolutist designs of Charles, 273.
-,-, writing to Spain for second payment due to Sweden, 276.
-,-, France hopeful of embroiling England with, 278; necessity of English friendship to, 291.
-,-, cause alarm by sending force to Indies, 280; led to believe that English arming of naval force in interest of peace, 285.
-,-, desire greater security by getting emperor to join alliance, 283; share of, in alliance, from self interest, 284.
-,-, supposed move in favour of Lorraine, 285; anxiety over French attack on Lorraine, 292.
-,-, interests of Orange with, 285; decide on Orange's visit and to pay expenses, 288; misgivings about Orange's visit, 289; wonder at change of attitude about, 291.
-,-, Temple regrets not getting help from, for Venice, 287.
-,-, panic of, over French proceedings, 288, 290; Charles says England must succour if France attacks, 295.
-,-, Orange would get favourable response to complaints of uncivility of, 291; Orange may act for closer union with England, 296.
-,-, rancour at English rapprochement with France, endeavours to stop, 295; suspicion aroused in, by goings about of great personages, 318.
-,-, negotiations at Ratisbon for mutual guarantee, 296.
-,-, belief that English naval force to preserve peace, 306.
-,-, Francesco di Melo arrives from, 311.
-,-, Charles warns Louis of suspicions of and differences with France over trade, 320.
-, Council of State:
-,-, question of admission of Orange to, 201–2; admission decided, 207; Charles resents manner of, 212.
-,-, van, Beuningen a member of, 209.
-,-, forty ships to be armed, 3; increase of intended, 9.
-,-, squadron sent to Strait, 24; 12 ships for Mediterranean, 49.
-,-, fights with Algerines, 49, 100; squadron to protect trade against corsairs, 147, 161.
-,-, eighty ships to be equipped, 137.
-,-, English wish to see act against corsairs, 179; fleet sailing under Ghent, 181, 186; waiting to make junction with Allen, 201; co-operation offered against Algerines, 215, 226.
-,-, joint operation with Allen against Algerines, 278, 286.
-,-, squadron of twenty-eight ships sent to Indies, 280.
-,-, Louis' move to Dunkirk a reply to talk of equipment of, 313.
-, merchants of. See merchants, Dutch.
-, ships of. See ships, Dutch.
-, States General of:
and help for Candia, 5, 10, 13.
mean to send Boreel back to cultivate good relations, 33; Boreel asks instructions about ceremonial, 119.
write to Brandenburg and recall resident at Frankfort, 33; good reply of Brandenburg to, 41.
refer Sautin affair to Holland, 48.
civil answer to Swiss, about levies, 125.
to be informed of Turco-Venetian peace, 129.
payment for Sweden in hands of, 174, 186, 188, 192.
send Opdam to France and van Beuningen to England, 186; entrust affair of Indies to latter, 209.
said to have granted some powers to Orange, 194.
Boreel sent to greet Madame by order of, 197.
van Beuningen says would be reluctant to undertake mediation, 233; order him to stay on until Buckingham's return, 260.
Orange stays behind to secure pension from, 282; wished to make Orange ambassador extraordinary, 301.
order van Beuningen not to leave London without order, 283; recall him, 318.
assign pension of 50,000 livres to Orange, 311.
-, the Spanish. See Flanders.
Neuburg, duke of. See Philip William.
Nevers, duke of. See Charles, duke of Nevers and Mantua.
New Exchange of London wrecked in Elbe, 318.
New Forest, co. Hants: king hunting in, 101.
-, fishing ships of, captured by corsairs, 147n.
Newmarket, Nicomarchet, Nieumarchet, Niumarchet, co. Cambridge: king goes to, 30, 50, 180, 185, 286; back from, 35; returning to, 48.
-, horse racing at, 48, 50, 53.
-, prince of Tuscany entertained at, 53; envoy of Lorraine goes to, 288; Lord Howard goes to king at, 289.
Nice, Nizza [Alpes Maritimes, France]:
-, Savoy wants to draw English trade to, 39.
Nieuport, Niuport [Prov. to Flanders, Belgium]:
-, French claim to, submitted to mediation, 158, Dutch interest in, 237; a sufficient pretext for war, 313.
Niuburgh. See Philip William, duke of Neuburg.
Nointel, marquis of. See Ollier, Charles François.
-, king tolerates, by connivance, 84; Commons less severe against, 185; king enforcing act against, 215, 276.
-, abuse liberty granted by parliament, 276.
-, See also sectaries.
-, exploration of N.W. passage, 144n.
North West passage:
-, exploration of, 144.
-, English trade to, 133; dues on ships trading to, 181.
Norwood, Col. Henry, lieutenant governor of Tangier: reports threatening attitude of Moors, 95.
Nottingham, earl of. See Finch, Heneage.