Saasburg, Thomas, Dutch resident at Brussels, 11.
-, points out danger of French demand for passage of coal, 77.
Sackville, Charles, lord Buckhurst, Boras, Brocaz, gentleman of the bedchamber:
-, complimentary mission to Louis, 196; pays respects at Dunkirk, 199, 205; receives king's portrait, 206.
sailors: Charles may seek, at Venice, for galleys, 253.
-,-, 45 released by Moors, 168n; memorial against enticing from their ships, 307–8; report upon, 308; resolution in Senate on, 319; reply to Dodington on, 319.
St. Aignan, comte de. See Beauvilliers, Paul de.
-, duc de. See Beauvilliers, François de.
St. Albans, earl of. See Jermyn, Henry.
St. André, seigneur de. See Prunier, Nicolas.
St. Cloud, Clu [Seine et Oise, France]:
-, Madame dies at, 217; Louis goes to her at, 218.
St. Denis [Seine, France]:
-, Madame's body placed in church of, 226.
St. George, Thomas, Somerset herald:
-, goes with garter for Saxony, 89.
St. German en Laye [Seine et Oise, France]:
-, despatches dated at, 62, 123.
-, document dated at, 159.
-, assembling of troops at, 52.
-, Montagu to be in constant residence at, 52; he goes to king at, 71.
-, king and Madame to return to, 199; king at, 218.
-, apartment prepared for Buckingham at, 243; his reception at, 252.
St. Kitts, San Christoforo, island of, W. Indies: French lay waste on evacuating, 3; Colbert justifies action, 5.
Sali, Sale [Morocco]:
-, Howard sends Warren to, 121, 168.
salmon, duties on, at Venice, report of customs officers on, 284; duty on, reduced, 309; cargo of, at Venice, 316.
-, supplied from England to all Italy, 34; proposal to send by Venice, 83; merchants waiting for opening about, 102.
-, suggested lowering of duties on, at Venice, 34; Senate making inquiry about, 44–5, 91, 119; Falcombridge's office about, 241; replies to, 242, 261.
-, sent through Leghorn, 241.
-, considered more advantageous for Venetian than English merchants, 261.
-, objection that answer upon, does not meet the case, 262; consideration of representations promised, 263; London mart expects successful issue about, 269.
-, opinion of Regulators of Duties required upon, 263; report of, adopted, 284.
-, decision of Senate upon, king to be informed, 283; Arlington told, 300.
-, memorial for English to have sole benefit of reduction of duty on, 300–9; report upon, 309.
salt meat. See beef.
-, Warren a dealer in, 27n.; monopoly of, affects price of gunpowder, 36.
San Christoforo. See St. Kitts.
San Domingo, San Domenico, W. Indies, island of, 38n.
-, reported capture of town, by French, 61.
San Lucar, Seville, Spain:
-, squadron at, to escort treasure fleet, 77.
San Spirito, island of, Venice:
-, Falcombridge goes from, to first audience, 222–3, 227.
-, given to observantine friars from Candia, 228n.
-, -, church of, 227.
ruinous state of, 228.
Sancta Catterina, merchantman:
-, Pompone presents memorial about, 59.
Sandwich, earl of. See Montagu, Edward.
-, built church of San Spirito, 228n.
-, question of reducing duty on, at Venice, 263; duty on, raised, 309; cargo of, at Venice, 316.
Sautino, a merchant:
-, sequestration of Venetian goods by, 7, 16, 36, 48, 91; Mocenigo speaks with van Beuningen about claims of, 234–5; decision referred to court of Paris, 265.
Saville, Sauel, Savels, —, takes York's condolences to Florence, 210; arrival at Florence, reception and entertainment, 245.
-, soliciting post of minister at Venice, 245; York succeeds in stopping offices for, 261.
-, leaves for Leghorn and England, 245n.
Savona [Prov. Genova, Italy]:
-, Falcombridge to be met at, 187; base money made at, 305.
-, French to cultivate good relations with people of, 43.
-, duchess of. See Marie, duchess of Savoy.
-, duke of. See Charles Emanuel II.
Saxe Lauenburg, duke of. See Francis Julius.
Saxony, German Empire:
-, mission of Higgons to, 89.
-, aversion of circle to triple alliance, 89.
-, elector of. See John George II.
Scanderoon. See Alexandretta.
Schreuder, Herr, secretary of Ambassador Guldenlow:
-, sent to Copenhagen for ratification, 142; back with treaty, 168.
-, trying to settle incident in Sound, 306.
Sciandovich. See Montagu, Edward, earl of Sandwich.
-, appeal for exemption from currant duty, 315; list of cargo of, 316.
-, news from, 128.
-, king's desire to put an end to differences over trade with, 73; not real reason for calling parliament, 79.
-, progress towards toleration, in, 85; act for nationalisation of aliens in, 147.
-, alleged French intrigues in, 92.
-, king urges union with, on parliament, 124; union would assimilate parliament with English, 160.
-, English objection to union with poverty of, 167.
-, Dutch merchantmen return home round, for safety, 231.
-, parliament of. See under parliament.
-, secretary for. See Maitland, John, earl of Lauderdale.
-, union with England. See union.
Scots, regiment of, in French service:
-, proposal to send to Candia, 23; Colbert to press for sending, 27.
-, measures taken to stop going, 23; Venetian regret about, 29; supposed Louis wants Charles to recall, 30.
secretaries. See under ambassadors.
secretary of state. See Bennet, Henry, earl of Arlington; Trevor, Sir John,
-, king's disgust at abuse of indulgence by, 128, parliament thanks king for enforcing laws against, 131.
-, Molina expects trouble from, 136; measures against considered in parliament, 167, 169; king's skilful handling of question, 173–4.
-, opposition stirred by measures against, 174; king considering question of, to lay before parliament, 292.
-, See also nonconformists.
Seguier, Pierre, chancellor of France:
-, entertains Buckingham, 264;
-, desire for quiet, 302, and to avoid complications, 320.
Sera, Paolo del, & Co., merchants:
-, ship chartered to, 315.
Servien, Ennemond, French ambassador in Savoy:
-, courtesies to Falconibridge, 182–3; Falcombridge visits, 184.
-, -, wife of, angry with Falcombridge, 184; does not return his visit, 187.
Seville [Andalusia, Spain]:
-, Howard goes to, 168n.
Shepherdess, Algerian warship, destroyed in action, 279n.
-, invention of method for preserving, by careening, 17–8, 27, 40.
-, proposal to lade at Leghorn with beef for Candia, 53; privileges for those supplying Candia, 81.
-, 22 sail with English convoy from Genoa, 190.
-, estimate of number engaged in trade, and Dutch proportion, 257.
possible reprisals against, 6; searched by English, 181.
Algerians plunder, 24; reported capture by Algerians, 143.
dues at Sound to depend on size of, 38.
Estrées attacks in W. Indies, 61; arrangement about trading in Indies, 108.
gold sent from Cadiz by, 92, 95.
Dutch squadron to protect against Algerines, 161.
reach Holland from E. Indies, 231.
Spain should grant same facilities as to English in America, 260.
agreement between England, France and Portugal to harass, 278.
said to have brought base money to Smyrna, 305.
Venetian desire to hire, 10, 19; Venetian desire to encourage to go for currants, 91.
Algerians prey upon, 24, 43, 143; Spaniards taken from, to be released, 75.
constant acts of hostility by Spaniards against, 24; Molina defends treatment of, 28, 31.
Denmark reduces dues payable by, at Sound, 38.
claim for those burned in Elbe by Dutch, 43, 68, 266.
encroachments of, beyond the line, 46.
treasure fleet held up by fear of piracy by, 77; reported encounter with Spaniards, 96.
Algerians treating with respect, 94.
Mocenigo promises exemption from extortions to, 102.
arrangement with Dutch about trade in Indies, 108.
leaving for Venice and Leghorn with Falcombridge's goods, 133, 139.
herring, captured by Algerines, 147; Algerines take three returning from Zante, 189.
at Leghorn, Falcombridge discusses, with Grand Duke, 205.
only four arrive from Indies, 231; five from, enter Thames, 239.
fight with Algerines, 240; French stop two from entering Tunis, 253.
abuse of security required of, at Ionian islands, 250–1, 255.
large convoy of, for Levant, 280; false money not taken by, 319.
memorial against Venice enticing sailors away from, 307–8.
number of, at Venice, 307.
operations of, in W. Indies, 41; at Leghorn, with base money, 54n.; take base money to Levant, 311.
sequestrated by Dutch, 8; not allowed to trade in England, 31.
French capture galleon in W. Indies, 41.
Modyford captures four galleons, 48; English attacks on, in America, 104.
reported encounter with English, 96; constantly harassed by people of Jamaica, 236.
ships, names of. See Advice; Assurance; Centurion; Concord; Date Tree; Deptford; Eaglet; Flowerpot; Foresight; Gerusalemme; Golden Rose; Golden Sun; Greenwich; Guernsey; Hampshire; Henrietta; Holmes; Jersey; Leghorn Merchant; Leopard; London Merchant; Martha and Mary; Mary Rose; Merchants' Delight; Milford; Morning Star; Neptune; New Exchange; Nonsuch, ketch; Oxford; Pearl, royal navy and merchantman; Phoenix; Portland; Portsmouth; Relief; Roe, ketch; Sancta Catterina; Scipio; Shepherdess; Smyrna Factor; Speedwell; Submission; Sun; Thomas and Francis; Tiger; Tunis Merchant; Tunisian; Turkey Merchant; William and Benjamin; William and Thomas.
-, excellence of English make of, 25.
Sicily, island of:
-, Turkish designs on, 55.
silver: taken from E. Indiaman by Turks, 43n.
-, trade in, with N. America, 144.
-, objection to payment of tax for redemption of, 256, 259; Proveditore's report upon, 287.
Smyrna, Asia Minor:
-, ships at Leghorn from, 45, 54n.
-, English trade at, 139; quantity of cloth exported to, 153, 312; cloth ships bound for, 280; Dutch ships take base money to, 305.
Smyrna Factor, English merchantman:
-, sailing from Venice for Zante, 307.
solicitor general. See Finch, Sir Heneage.
Solre, count of. See Croy, Philip Emanuel de.
-, arrangement with Dutch about dues, 38; Denmark stands by claim to jurisdiction over, 301.
-, charges on English ships reduced, 38; Guldenlow to confirm agreements about, 73.
-, Essex not to dip flag to fortress in, 195; Essex reports incident in, 207; English flag fired on in, 296; incident not adjusted, 301, 306.
-, Danish policy may lead to many changes in, 260; Lindenau hopes English will recognise Danish jurisdiction in, 318.
-, Loving sent to demand explanation of incident in, 318.
Southampton, co. Hants:
-, king hunting near, 101.
Southwell, Sir Robert, English minister in Portugal: only gets curt answers about payment of dowry, 80.
Spaar, Spar, Baron Peter, governor of Gothenburg:
-, appointed ambassador to England, about arbitration, 188.
-, news from, 234.
-,-, debt to Sweden, 2, 4, 33, 37; ready to pay, 6, 16; wants more positive declaration from Sweden, 31.
-,-, French cut short negotiations with, 2; fear of breach with France, 4, 14, 16, 41.
-,-, French protest no desire for breach with, 8; French complaints of, 21; French promise pope not to attack, 24.
-,-, wants alliance to guarantee Flanders, 11, 16; attitude to allies, 14; claims support of alliance, 21.
-,-, exclusive trade policy complained of, 11, 28; English hope to force more advantageous treaty from, 46, 61.
-,-, urging re-establishment of triple alliance, 25.
-,-, help promised to Venice, 26; France claims precedence of, 58.
-,-, doing utmost to avoid war with France, 34; complains of French behaviour in conquered territory, 36, 39; alarmed by French forces in Flanders, 53.
-,-, Sweden bound by payment from, 41; reply to Swedish claims awaited, 43.
-,-, suspicion of English dealings with France not justified, 41; Sweden out to get money from, 65.
-,-, unable to meet Swedish demands for payment, 47, 52, 59; tries to get English and Dutch to undertake burden, 51.
-,-, acts of hostility against, in America, 48; Anglo-French agreements would expose marts of, 58.
-,-, becoming disposed to listen to French, 51; Colbert speaks of divisions in, 70.
-,-, admits obligation to pay pension to Sweden, 60; settlement about manner of payment, 62–3; said to have money ready, 67.
-,-, wants to make sure of intentions of Sweden and England, 60; meekly accepting disadvantageous position, 65.
-,-, Rupert advocates sharing with France American possessions of, 63.
-,-, dubious advantage from arrangements with alliance, 65; policy with Sweden, 70.
-,-, Velasco writes to, about resigning, 65.
-,-, infantry recalled from Flanders to, 65; ship with money for Sweden stuck in, 73.
-,-, interest in Polish election, 70.
-,-, Colbert says all English ministers in pay of, 70; Colbert considers impotent, 76.
-,-, Swedish replies to, delayed in Holland, 73; Sweden would not be pledged without money from, 76; Sweden impatient at delays of, 87, 89, 92.
-,-, Don Pedro wants Charles to get peace with, ratified, 80, 87; differences with Portugal unresolved, 118.
-,-, surprise at carelessness about alliance, 87; deaf to warnings, 89; claims definite promise of aid before paying, 92, 107; will not pay till necessary, 95.
-,-, French demand passage of coal from, 89; French stop courier from, 96, 107.
-,-, England will not listen to fresh lamentations from, 96; applying herself to other negotiations, 99.
-,-, French object to Dutch meddling in affairs of, 99; Dutch urge Sweden to accept money from, 107.
-,-, money for Sweden reaches Amsterdam from, 99, 101; no news of money being paid, 103.
-,-, Pomponne complains of not settling disputes about frontiers, 101; Dutch encourage complaints against France, id.
-,-, English attitude to French treatment of, 101; attempts to prevent commercial treaty between England and France, 120.
-,-, proposal to send packets to and from, via Plymouth and Bilbao, 107, 118; question adjusted with France, 125.
-,-, Lisola's efforts to bring to accord with Sweden, 109; his proposals for, 117–8.
-,-, insists on allies pledging themselves, 110; Sweden well disposed to alliance with, if paid, 131.
-,-, parliament to be asked for money to support guarantee of, 110.
-,-, English complain of indifference to own interests, 120; fresh proposals for allied support to, 134.
-,-, proposed embassy of Arlington to, 122; wants guarantee by succour before paying Sweden, 145.
-,-, Sweden annoyed by changes and delays of, 135, 156; Sweden insists on accepting proposals, 137; Lisola points to danger of delays of, 146.
-,-, hope of arranging exchange with France, 145, 147, 158.
-,-, plans of allies for support of, 146, 156, 166; advantage under agreement, 158.
-,-, report that demands adjusted, about Sweden, 153; covenant to guarantee dominions of, 169.
-,-, arrangement for payment by, 156–7, 166–7; news of payment by, awaited, 170.
-,-, Louis certain of consent about arbitration, 158; favours Dutch as mediators, 164; Dutch move with about arbitration, 166.
-,-, English policy to secure peace for, 159; English move for mediation for, 165; Godolphin's office with about mediation, 172; he complains of prevarication, 177.
-,-, desire to evade point of mediation and gain time, 172, 176; will not insist on other mediators, 177.
-,-, treaty of guarantee to be communicated to, 174.
-,-, Charles bound in honour to, 178; Buckingham took side of, in Council, 244.
-,-, acceptance of arbitration awaited from, 185; Falcombridge complains of difficulties raised by, 187.
-,-, delays of, considered very ill-timed, 187–8, 191; relieved by arrival of Swedish ratification, releases money for Sweden, 191.
-,-, Dutch complain of behaviour over mediation, 194; wants emperor and Dutch included as mediators, 204.
-,-, England waiting to hear from, before taking fresh steps with France, 214; Arlington says always raising fresh complications, 238.
-,-, hopes from appointment of new governor for Jamaica, 216.
-,-, Colbert attentive to advices from, about arbitration, 230; decision about arbiters arrives, wants Dutch included, 233, 236; efforts to remove persistence about, 259.
-,-, claim for damages in Franche Comté, 244, 285, 293; some advocate friendly understanding with France, 253; France will not listen to claims, 313.
-,-, arrangement with England about America, 252, 260; van Beuningen says should grant same facilities to Dutch, 260.
-,-, fear of French invasion of Flanders, 256; need to remove apprehensions before joint attack on Dutch, 257–8.
-,-, confounded by French attack on Lorraine, 270; alleged offer of Lorraine to, to invade France, 284.
-,-, Dutch write to, about second payment to Sweden. 276; money ready, 291.
-,-, Charles disgusted with behaviour of, 280; reply received from, about arbitration, 285.
-,-, led to believe that English naval arming is to defend its quiet, 285, 306.
-,-, Dutch annoyed by attitude about Lorraine, 292; will not take resolute action, 293.
-,-, alarm in, at proceedings of France, 302; Charles owes prestige to part taken between France and, 306.
-,-, English criticise for raising difficulties, 310; Arlington says drifting into fresh rupture with France, 313.
-,-, reliance on foreign powers and declarations of England, 317; approves opinions expressed by Charles in reply to Molina's representations, 321.
-, Council of State:
wants empire and Dutch as additional mediators, 191; Molina suggests plan to, for peace in America, 252.
-, fleet of:
seven ships preparing to escort treasure fleet, 77.
-, king of. See Charles II of Spain; Philip II.
-, merchants of. See merchants, Spanish.
-, queen regent of. See Maria Anna.
-, ships of. See ships, Spanish.
-, treasure fleet of:
held up by fear of English pirates, 77; escorted by English squadron, 157; news of safe arrival in Spain, 216; only a small part for king and Spanish merchants, 260.
Spain, New, America:
-, treasure fleet from, 77.
Spalato, Spalatro [Dalmatia, Yugo Slavia]:
-, fear of Venetian trade with Turkey developing through, 139.
-, troops admitted into Brussels, 9; Brussels trying to exclude, 34.
-, taken out of English ship by Algerines, 24; demand for release, 75.
-, French demand passage for coal from, 77.
-, English attacks on, in America, 104.
Spartel, d'Espartel, Cape [Morocco]:
-, victory over Algerians off, 278–9, 285–6.
Speaker, the. See Finch, Sir Heneage; Turner, Sir Edward.
-, bound for Smyrna, 280.
Speelman, Dutch general:
-, victory over king of Macassar, 231n.
-, parliament regulates duties on, 142, 166–7; made void by prorogation, 144.
-, ships at, for Lord Howard, 68n.
Spragg, Sprach, Six Edward:
-, sent to encounter Algerines returning from Turkish service, 113; expected to succeed Allen in command, 253.
-, news of encounter with corsairs, 271.
-, present of, for Charles from dukes of Brunswick, 74.
Stannard, William, captain of the Eaglet: exploration of the N.W. passage, 144n.
States. See Netherlands,
-, seized by Venice and released by Dutch, 7.
Sterling, Sir Samuel, lord mayor of London:
-, Carr's letter to, about Catholics, 149.
Stirling, co. Stirling, Scotland:
-, Annand born at, 227n.
Stockholm, Stocolm, Stokolm, Sweden: 120.
-, news from, 188.
-, Carlisle's public entry at, 89; French sending ambassador to, 276.
-, ratification of treaty awaited from, 157, 174, 176, 191; king away from, 181.
Strait. See Gibraltar, Strait of.
Stuart, Mary, duchess of Richmond, Rismond, 111.
Submission, merchantman, captured by Algerines, 189.
sugar, cargoes of, at Venice, 315.
Suitcote (?), French fortification of, defended, 99.
Sun, Algerine ship:
-, van der Zaen killed in encounter with, 49n.
Surinam [Guiana, S. America]:
-, van Beuninghen hopes to arrange about trade at 226.
Swaert, —, Dutch naval officer, suspended, 49n.
-,-, Spanish debt to, 2, 4, 14, 21.
-,-, asked to guarantee Flanders if money paid, 16; doubts about, 25.
-,-, very anxiously watched, 2, 11; will join allies if profitable, 4; claims for supplying troops for Flanders, 125.
-,-, letters from, for Portugal, 3; Lisola may proceed to, 9.
-,-, proposed mediation for, with Muscovy, 9, 21.
-,-, Carlisle leaves for, 21; Carlisle reaches, 59.
-,-, French influence in, 11, 14; standoffishness of, 64.
-,-, powers to join alliance awaited, 19, 25; powers received, 30–1; further powers expected from, 33, 36.
-,-, unwilling to go beyond treaty of Aix la Chapelle, 31; Arlington's opinion of position of, 37.
-,-, seems willing to sign treaty, 41; demands payment first, 47, 51, 58–9, 67; chief concern to get the money, 65.
-,-, Dutch try to moderate demands, 47, 60; reasons for signing alliance, 62–3; ratification awaited from, 65.
-,-, Spaniards fear may pay in vain, 52; Spanish payments to be regulated by contribution of, 65; Spanish policy with, 70; Spain wants to be sure of succour before paying, 107.
-,-, influence of Polish election on, 70.
-,-, reply to Spanish proposals delayed in Holland, 73; would make no pledge without the money from Spain, 76; gold for, reported on the way, 92; cannot touch money till nature of succour defined, 95.
-,-, Carlisle sceptical about action on guarantee, 74; impatience with Spanish delays, 87, 89, 92, 107, 135.
-,-, Velasco incensed against grasping policy of, 78; Colbert surprised by move of, at Hague, 99.
-,-, alliance considered encouragement to, to maintain too large a force in Germany, 89.
-,-, no news of payment to, 103; Dutch persuade to take money, 106–7.
-,-, Carlisle taking leave in, 104; influence of Muscovy on share in alliance, 115.
-,-, efforts to induce Velasco to satisfy, 109; English complain of Spain not satisfying, 120.
-,-, Lisola's efforts to bring Spain and, together, 109; Lisola's proposals touching, 117–8.
-,-, proposed contribution under guarantee, 118; arrangement with France would make payment to, useless, 145.
-,-, Dutch efforts for adjustment between Muscovy and, 120.
-,-, Carlisle reports attitude to alliance, 131; unlikely to agree to offensive alliance, 134.
-,-, threat to leave alliance, 135, 137.
-,-, Spanish demands touching, adjusted, 153; succour to be supplied by, 156.
-,-, arrangements for payment to, 156–8, 166–7; arrangement satisfactory to: 158.
-,-, France agrees to submit to arbitration of, 156, 158, 172, 187–8; queen regent accepts mediation of, 177, 191, 214.
-,-, Dutch strong in alliance with, 164.
-,-, Velasco makes difficulties about payment to, 167; news of payment to, awaited, 170; money ready in hands of Dutch, 174.
-,-, Godolphin complains of Spanish prevarication about, 177; Spaniards release money for, 191.
-,-, regret at delay in ratifying alliance, 181; uneasiness about, 185, 191; ratification of, received, 191; takes little interest in alliance, 284.
-,-, reference for mediation not arrived, 220.
-,-, Dutch write to Spain about second payment to, 276; money ready for, 291.
-,-, chancellor of. See Gardie, Magnus Gabriel de la.
-,-, king of. See Charles XI.
-, hopes of inclusion in triple alliance, 22; no treaty with, for alliance, 101.
-, Ulrich at Hague for levy of, 101; civil reply of Dutch to, 125; reported levy of, for Dutch, 137–8.
-, Charles sent Marsilly to, 68n; suggested as buffer state, 220.
Sylvius, Sir Gabriel, mission of, to Berlin, 34n.