Index
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Institute of Historical Research

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Allen B. Hinds (editor)

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1939

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404-413

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'Index: N', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 37: 1671-1672 (1939), pp. 404-413. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=90343 Date accessed: 02 September 2014.


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Namur [Prov. Namur, Belgium]:
-, Monterey has French provisions seized at, 196.

Nani, Antonio, Savio alla Mercanzia, 109, 122.

-, Battista, savio, 149.

Napier, Mr., killed at Solebay, 232.

Narborough, Capt. John, commands convoy for the Mediterranean, 315n.

Nassau, Isabel of, married to Arlington, 117.

-, Louis, heer van Beverwaart, 117n.

-, Maurice of, Prince Maurice, 117n.

-, William II of, prince of Orange: money due to by Charles I, 25; son restored to offices held by, 175.

-, William III of, prince of Orange:

debt due to, matter laid before Commons, 2; Charles assigns payment to, out of own revenues, 25.

visits Oxford, 2; leaves England suddenly, 23.

Charles expected to forward interests of, 20; Mocenigo's account of, 63.

interests of, cause of difference with Dutch, 71; Boreel considered partisan of, 117.

Holland promises to favour interests of, 77; Dutch giving title of general to, 138, 147.

mission to get advantages for, 118.

opposition to exaltation of, 143; partisans will be active for, 146; not advised by all to accept change, 147; England wishes to accept temporarily, 157.

Provinces differ over appointments of, 157, 162, 165; de Witt made swear to Perpetual Edict, 256.

does not accept mutilated office, 165; agrees to accept, 169; obtains generalship on better terms, 170.

England anxious about interests of, 169; supposed French leanings of, 244.

named captain general and admiral for next campaign, 175, 256; Charles says he places no trust in, 251; fear of de Witt overthrowing, 262.

secret mission of Sir Gabriel Sylvius to, 237, 266; Buckingham and Arlington confer with, 245, 255; English mission supposed to have exalted, 249; negotiations with kept very secret, 260.

Dutch acclaim, with English ministers, at the Hague, 251; attitude to England, 255.

Fresno's opinion about, 260–1, 263; Buckingham and Arlington report that gaining good will of people, 263.

Sylvius at Antwerp on behalf of, 261; report of Sylvius on policy of, 266.

Arlington fears de Witt faction may revive through mildness of, 261; de Witt imprisoned on suspicion of conspiring against, 263–4.

danger of being left single handed, 263; de Witt tragedy casts slur on, 274.

insists on withdrawal of Grotius, 264; still suspicious of de Witt party, 266, 269.

republicans stunned by elevation of, 272.

aims at detaching England from France and to settle later with Louis, 269; would like to detach England, 273.

danger of people becoming suspicious of, 274–5; hoped that may be able to bridle people, 275; delicate position of, 278.

makes Fagel pensionary of Holland, 278; Charles warns against de Witt party, 291.

English desire ascendancy of, in Netherlands, 281; policy to get control there, 296.

would be glad to come to an agreement, 285; sends Rhede to England to suggest reconciliation, 291, 296; hinted that should make best peace he can, 296.

warned not to rely on German help, 301; Arlington informs Alberti of movements of, 304.

harassed by de Witt party, 301.

Monterey refuses use of garrisons to, 302, 306; foiled by Luxemburg at Woerden, 306.

supposed to be negotiating cession of Maastricht, 306; blamed for calling Monterey to his assistance, 308; said to have ceded Maastricht, 313; people blame for inaction, 325.

Monterey sends troops to support, 319; Marsin, governor of, 320.

expects to negotiate on terms of equality, 323; Spaar goes to camp of, 329.

stir caused by attack on Charleroi, 325; obliged to retire from, 329.

naturalisation:
-, bill for, dropped, 2, 253n.
-, Charles said to have granted letters of, to all foreigners, 245; proposed proclamation for, would benefit England, 253.

navy, the royal, fleet, 279.
-, a charge upon the king, 62, 113.
-, 1671:
-,-, country watching to see if money spent on, 27; king has disbursed no money for, 30; imprudent for king to equip fleet without need, 45.
-,-, king issues orders for fitting out, 30; restricted nature of equipment of, 33.
-,-, two frigates at Leghorn, with cash, 33.
-,-, equipment supposed to be near, ships put to sea, 39; no preparations, 41; king got money for, without spending, 47.
-,-, Allen concentrates squadron off Tunis to fight corsairs, 44; account of action at Bougie, 78–9.
-,-, strength and disposition of, 56; appropriation for building new ships for, 111.
-,-, not lost even a pinnace to the Algerines, 80; heavy cost of fleet against them, 89.
-,-, money from France for equipment of, 113; Alberti sceptical about, 116.
-,-, equipment of causes suspicion of great changes, 113.
-,-, English resentment at Dutch celebrating triumph over, 116.
-,-, fitting out continues, 119, 120; fifty ships being equipped, 138.
-,-, fifty ships, hired to France, money sent for, 120; Charles had to wait to get timber for, 167.
-, 1672:
-,-, gentlemen volunteer to serve under York in, 145; French subsidy inadequate for, 165.
-,-, Seignelay goes to inspect ships, 161, 165; capable alone of overthrowing the Dutch, 164.
-,-, fitting out in earnest, death of French officer, 165; York in supreme command of, 181.
-,-, at mouth of Thames, York inspects, 180; four ships in, of king's design, 206–7.
-,-, Estrées to be vice admiral of, 181; Rupert may suceed to command of, 201, 218.
-,-, arrangements with the French fleet, 181, 204–5; French squadron to join, 184.
-,-, sailors taken to man, 184; difficulty of getting crews, 195; merchant seamen all serving in, 258.
-,-, sixty ships to be ready, 184; equipment accelerated, 185, 189.
-,-, attack on Smyrna fleet, 184–5, 187, 189; French criticism of, 187.
-,-, said to have sailed, 195; expected to sail, 199, 201.
-,-, Dutch ships taken by, 195.
-,-, York inspects at Chatham, 197, 199; York busy over equipment, 201.
-,-, Court to go and see, 199; ambassadors going to see, 205.
-,-, volunteers enrolled for, 201; volunteers hastening to join, 204; reason for use of, 218; Peterborough back from serving in, 265.
-,-, York leaves for suddenly, 201; his presence not needed with, ready to sail and safe at Sheerness, 204.
-,-, king proposes to ask parliament to pay for at end of campaign, 202; king entrusts to York, to further his plans, 206.
-,-, expected junction with French, 204, 207–8; Dutch try to prevent, but foiled, 212.
-,-, at North Foreland, 206; anchored off Deal, 208; Alberti shown round, 215–16, 221.
-,-, Ruyter does not venture to engage, 212–13; anchors off S. Foreland, 215.
-,-, using tides to beat up Channel, 213, 215; disposition of, 215.
-,-, Dutch chase eight ships to Sheerness, 215; had narrow escape, 217; but advantage in action, 219.
-,-, high spirit of, 216; preponderance of gentry in, a weakness, 218.
-,-, narrow escape from defeat by Dutch, 217; in sight of the Dutch, 219.
-,-, Dutch ships inferior to, 218; advantage in handling, of deeper draught, 219.
-,-, Capt. Holland petitions to serve in, 220n. being manned, ships allowed to leave port, 220; Buckingham's regiment escorted by, 243.
-,-, surprise attack of Ruyter on, at Solebay, 223; account of action 228–9; printed account of action, 231; list of casualties in, 231–2; Venetian account of battle, 258–9.
-,-, Charles goes to Sheerness to meet, on return, 228; York explains reason for surprise, 232.
-,-, king criticises for despising the enemy, 232; Court goes to visit, 235, 237; rushes blindly into fight, but courage will always win, 236.
-,-, complaint of lack of respect for Spanish ports, 235n.
-,-, not putting to sea yet, waiting for E. India fleet, 236; sailing delayed by French lack of stores, 243.
-,-, king orders numerous payments to be made to, 243; not known when York will return from, 252.
-,-, to co-operate for subjection of Dutch, 250; expected to enter Meuse and effect a landing, 251.
-,-, some ships sent home, to repair damage suffered in storm, 262; in need of repairs and men, 277; York reports state of, 281.
-,-, off Texel, 262, 264; off Norfolk to water, 269, 270; must go to Thames for provisions, 271; arrives at Sheerness, 277.
-,-, expectation of a landing from, 270–1; decision to recall to embark landing force, 273.
-,-, Charles returns to London without deciding about sailing, 277; decision to raise fresh hands for, 281; drum beaten for recruits, 285.
-,-, 20 ships ready in the Thames, 277; king leaves London for, 284; conferences with York and commanding officers, 285.
-,-, king urging York to give up command, 290.
-,-, large ships not to be laid up for winter, 285; proposal to send out light squadrons, 291; smaller ships sent out under Spragge, 295.
-,-, ships brought into Thames to overawe parliament, 295; French contribution for maintenance of, 296.
-,-, king goes to, to pay off larger ships, 295; king inspecting first rates and new ones building, 300.
-,-, fresh ships being put on stocks daily, 300; York speaks of refitting of, 328.
-,-, Ossory rewarded for service with, 302.
-,-, Spragge's squadron buffeted by gales, six ships at the Nore, 305; lack of funds to keep ships at sea, 321; loan raised to pay, 323.
-, Spragge to concert operations for, with France, 326.

Netherlands, Dutch, Holland, States, United Provinces:
-, Clarendon's policy directed against, 65; English rebel in, 294.
-, irresolution about war of Candia, 72; claim against Hamburg for ships burned by, 74.
-, copy English policy about trade, 283; manufacture of drinking glasses in, 330.
-, method of paying seamen, 288; and question of consulage, 289; give convoy at own cost, 320.
-, 1671:
-,-, waiting to follow example of Charles, 5; guarantee given to England by, 9.
-,-, England concerned at possibility of rupture with France, 10; Spaniards want to join in against France, 12.
-,-, vigorous resolutions, but England should not rely on strength of, 10; Colbert sounds ministers about English alliance with, 14.
-,-, English suspect of secret understanding with France, 17; alarm in England, Spaniards foretell ruin of, 17; their anxiety about, 20; English upset by report of agreement with France, 22.
-,-, Charles does not love, but does not think he can destroy, 20; Spain wants England to guarantee against French attack, 22.
-,-, French preparations against suspected of being a blind, 24; overborne by France, may have to make separate arrangement, 39.
-,-, suspicious of Furstemberg's negotiations with Munster, 35; need to know real intention of England, 46.
-,-, Charles offended at mistrust shown by, 39; complain loudly at Spanish Court, 41; agreement of, with Spain, 46; policy with Spain, 52.
-,-, France armed in spite of bluster of, 45; Colbert accuses of being all for war, 46.
-,-, Boreel encourages belief of understanding with Spain, 47; failure of negotiations at Madrid expected, 49; urging close union on Spain, 74.
-,-, likely to have to bear the brunt, 49; policy of English ministers to be friends with, 68.
-,-, note attentions paid to Monmouth by Louis, 51; distrust of English alliance, 74.
-,-, English trade in Levant greater than, but less in E. Indies, 58; extension of power in E. Indies, 58–9.
-,-, support of Charles helps restoration of Orange in, 63.
-,-, pleased with Arlington, 68; relations with England, 70–1; no fresh negotiations, 77.
-,-, England convinced of selfish policy of, 73–4; Boreel's views on policy of, 77–8; English expect bad results from policy, 84.
-,-, Temple not to return to, England does not want closer ties with, 80; bound to cultivate England, 91.
-,-, fresh reports of adjustments with France, 80, 83; resumes former policy and retracts advances to France, 91, 96.
-,-, want to persuade England and Sweden to break with France, 83, 85; want England to declare herself, 98, 106.
-,-, would deserve threat from empire, 85; sent succour to Brunswick, 88; support burghers of Cologne, 93.
-,-, jealous of grant of English levies to France, 87; possible adjustment with France to make England jealous, 111.
-,-, Molina says policy purely selfish, 90; Boreel justifies arming of, 98.
-,-, England would not regret blow to, 90; Boreel presses for support of, 101.
-,-, doubtful what satisfaction France will receive from, 91; discuss prohibition of French wines, 96; measure delaved, reasons for caution, 102, 108.
-,-, reduced again to parley with England, 99; England will not follow in precipitate career, 101; reasons for king breaking with, 113–14.
-,-, question of recognition of England's supremacy at sea by, 100, 102, 104, 116.
-,-, England assures that France will not break pledges, 105; Presbyterians in pay of, 116.
-,-, withdrawing from engagements which might make more dependent on England, 108; England provoked by negotiations with France to make war on, 113, 115.
-,-, decision to prohibit French wines, 111; fear attack by France, 118.
-,-, close negotiations with Spain from mistrust of England, 113; England anxious for Spain not to join closely with, 115–16.
-,-, Downing sent to pick quarrel with, 113, 116; dispute in Council about depressing, for advantage of France, 119.
-,-, Monterey negotiating fresh engagements with, 116; Southwell induces Monterey to write home about, 132.
-,-, English resentment of celebrations of Medway affair, 116; war with approaching, 120.
-,-, Arlington thinks desire peace and union with England, 117; Arlington criticises policy of, 119.
-,-, expect France to support English claims about flag, 120; Charles accuses of breaking treaty of Breda, 135.
-,-, will make no concessions to England, 120; England awaiting decisions of, 122.
-,-, expectation of German assistance, 120, 131–2; reported union of Brandenburg with, 131.
-,-, prohibit importation of French wine and other goods, 121; send civil letter to Louis, 138, 140.
-,-, general expectation of war with, 122; will not submit to English demands, 126.
-,-, Alberti's opinion about prospects of war with, 126, 131, 135, 137.
-,-, proposal to send Beverning to England, 131; Charles hopes for commercial gains by war with, 139.
-,-, ready to restore Rheinberg, 131; Cologne not mollified by, 135; troops sent to Cologne, 140.
-,-, efforts to stop Spanish alliance with, 132; treaty signed, stir caused by, 140.
-,-, preparations for war in, 135, 138; have a large supply of capital ready, 138.
-,-, news of Downing's negotiations in awaited, 137.
-,-, giving title of general and other offices to Orange, 138; expect to conciliate England thereby, id.
-, 1672:
-,-, English concern at treaty with Spain, 140, 142; Spanish alliance with upsets French plans, 147.
-,-, Louis would like to detach Spain from, 142; Spain rejects French proposals to join, 145.
-,-, not disposed to yield in the least, 142–3; England and France united against, 145.
-,-, opposition in, to exaltation of Orange, 143; no certainty about Orange, who has many partisans in, 146.
-,-, York speaks of necessity of humbling, 145; and trade with Venice, 150; likely to accept reasonable terms, 155.
-,-, English egg on French against, 146–7; de Witt has full powers from for reconciliation with France, 147.
-,-, send fresh instructions to Grotius, 147; efforts to propitiate France, 161.
-,-, choose Orange as general, 147; Provinces differ about Orange, 157, 162, 165.
-,-, Fleming pessimistic about, 148; Sunderland informs Spaniards of reasons for war with, 154; England considering open alliance against, 156.
-,-, Molina reported that England not joined with France against, 155.
-,-, Villars threatens Spain if does not keep quiet during attack on, 155; Spain undecided about alliance with, 156.
-,-, Monterey makes alliance with, 155; danger to Flanders if destroyed as a bulwark, 157, 163.
-,-, English fear that if Spain joins an alliance with France may be necessary, 157; Boreel reports irritation caused by alliance with Spain, 162.
-,-, danger of Louis coming to terms with, 157; Fresno confers with deputies of, at Brussels, 166, 169.
-,-, Boreel claims duty of England to support against France, 157; Boreel thinks England disposed to settle with, 168.
-,-, Monterey inclined to side with, 158; mission from, to Brussels, 162, 169.
-,-, assurance of conquests from, 161; arrangements about division of spoils, 165.
-,-, French will attack any troops sent by, to Cologne, 163.
-,-, Spain in dilemma about concerted attack on, 163–4; Spain fears great harm may come to in first months of war, 168.
-,-, Spain suggests desirability of making concessions to England, 164; intention to attack in 1671 but Charles not ready, 167.
-,-, reply from, about the flag, 165; England will justify action against by flag question, 167.
-,-, provide fund of 15 million florins and raise levies, 165.
-,-, consoled by thought that Anglo-French alliance cannot be lasting, 168; Spain offers mediation to obtain satisfaction from, 173.
-,-, England cautious for fear France may leave her alone against, 168–9; France determined to attack, 174–5.
-,-, effect of alliance with Spain on England, 169; England wants to secure neutrality in war with, 179.
-,-, mission of Beverning from to revive negotiations, 171; send Meerman instead, their objects, 175.
-,-, reasons for attack on given to Spain, 172–3; Charles said to have induced Louis to attack, 174.
-,-, Charles sceptical about Spain helping, 174; queen regent ratifies alliance with, 177.
-,-, name Orange as captain general, 175.
-,-, Charles will seize opportunity to wring great concessions from, 175, 179, 190.
-,-, French war on preliminary to invasion of Flanders, 178–9; English believe war made with at instigation of France, 179.
-,-, expect to make stout resistance with Spanish support, 179; English attitude about Spanish help for, 180, 189, 190.
-,-, vigorous measures of defence, 181; English ships seized in, 186–7.
-,-, advances to Charles, will only make concessions on assurance of peace, 183, 186; attack on Smyrna fleet to compel answer from, 184, 188.
-,-, want to convince English that Charles unreasonable, 183, 186; decision to declare war on, 185; the declaration, 188–9, 195; reasons for given at Madrid, 190–1.
-,-, French waiting for sign from England to declare war on, 185; French declaration against, 197.
-,-, Monterey steadily committing himself more deeply to, 188; effort to secure Spainish neutrality in war with, 191–2.
-,-, joy in at return of Smyrna fleet, 189; war with acclaimed in London, 195.
-,-, Spain deprecates war with, 191, 193; and offers mediation, 192–4; rumour of offensive alliance with Spain, 200, 202.
-,-, French measures to thwart at Cologne, 193–4; Spain will stand by alliance with, 195.
-,-, Boreel at liberty to return to, but stays on, 197; despatch boat from captured, 201.
-,-, English treaty with Denmark will upset, 200.
-,-, Swedish attitude to uncertain, 200; Sweden will only act if Germany helps, 202.
-,-, Spain bound to support, out of gratitude, 202; Spain may leave in the lurch, 206–7; Spain claims right to help, 211.
-,-, reasons of Charles for making war on, 202–3; he means to humble but not to destroy, 203; English contend that aggressors, 210.
-,-, free from contagious disease, not strict about quarantine, 204; declaration of war with circulated at Madrid but suppressed, 211.
-,-, require back regiments sent to Flanders, 208.
-,-, English complain of Spanish help for, 210; England treated in same way as, by French, 233.
-,-, short of soldiers, Charles will not exchange prisoners with, 213; build upon their fleet, 214; reliance upon fireships, 217.
-,-, Gascoigne speaks of original plan against, 214.
-,-, advantage of through popular government, 218; mistaken policy of and distracted counsel, 221; attribute disasters to treachery, 230.
-,-, war due to effrontery of, and libels on Charles, 221; Charles much exasperated against, 236.
-,-, Portugal urged to move to prevent Spain helping, 222; two crowns cannot dispute Spain's right to help, 237.
-,-, peace advances to Charles, 230, 236; he informs Louis about, 231, 235.
-,-, disadvantage of government, in war, 230; Louis ambitious to conquer single handed on shore, 235.
-,-, England and France likely to exact complete satisfaction from, 235; mission from to learn king's demands, 244.
-,-, England inclined to listen to for fear of yielding to France in despair, 236; mission of Sir Gabriel Sylvius to, with secret commissions, 237.
-,-, Brandenburg marching to help of, 237; France fears coalition to help, 245.
-,-, mission of Buckingham and Arlington to, 237; to deter French from secret arrangements with, 244.
-,-, Arlington says war being waged to destroy trade of, 238, 253; England cannot conquer unless trade ruined, 250.
-,-, utter shipwreck of may compel Spain to change policy, 240; not so far reduced as to sue for peace, 244; Spain fears that embarrassments may cause to neglect allies, 245.
-,-, Charles convinced, that hatred for England hereditary, 244; his idea of French policy with, 244–5; he knows that peace with will gratify people, 246.
-,-, England and France seeking to mitigate enmity of, 245; English urge Louis to press war against, 250.
-,-, Charles expected to use Orange to destroy republic in, 249; Charles laughs at efforts of to detach him from France, 251.
-,-, reception of English ambassadors in, 251; ambassadors introduce clause for treating separately with, 261.
-,-, help from empire will encourage to resist, 251–2; position of much deteriorated, 256; entrust fortresses to Spaniards, id.
-,-, Orange hopes to improve and consolidate government of, 255; his wise policy towards, does not want arbitrary command, 261.
-,-, disorderly popular party has upper hand in, 256, 281.
-,-, Monterey confers with commissioners of, 257; ministers in Low Countries agree that Spain should defend possessions on soil of, 263.
-,-, Orange looks for Spanish help for, 261.
-,-, object of England in treating with, 261; English do not wish to have peace at any price except at cost of, 262.
-,-, reported proposals of, for peace, 261; Orange sends to urge reconciliation with, 291, 296.
-,-, will prefer to get France out of their vitals, 262; talk of yielding Brabant fortresses to France, in exchange, 263.
-,-, Orange gaining goodwill of people, 263; he declines sovereignty of, 266; republicans in stunned by rise of Orange, but may rebel against him, 272.
-,-, Orange means to win good peace for, by the sword, 266; Louis may wish to detach, by offer of peace, id.
-,-, all hopes rest on succour from empire, 266; report of help from empire for greatly embarrasses Charles, 269.
-,-, agreement for joint action against, 268; English feeling against extreme, 273.
-,-, in a state to prove more troublesome than ever to England, 272; no word of granting milder conditions to, 275.
-,-, coalition in defence of likely to collapse, 273; hoping to do better next year, 275.
-,-, rising against de Witts dangerous for Orange, 274; government left at mercy of populace, hoped that Orange may bridle, 275; delicate position of Orange in, 278.
-,-, Melo commissioned to enter alliance against, 277; Spain has right to assist by treaty, 314.
-,-, Godolphin asks Spain to join against, 277; Monterey not asked to remove troops from fortresses of, 279.
-,-, English believe anxious for peace, policy towards, 278, 285.
-,-, Council's opinion on need to humble, 281, 285; English plans for surprising abandoned, 291; French consider a trick, 295.
-,-, government in confusion, English desire ascendancy of Orange in, 281; degenerated through excessive devotion to trade, 291.
-,-, rely on Swedish negotiations and help from empire, 291; Swedish offer to mediate peace with, 294.
-,-, French alliance enabled Charles to humble, 292; peace remote because of obstinacy of Germans and Spaniards in supporting, 319.
-,-, policy of Orange to get control of, 296; begin to complain openly of Orange, 306.
-,-, discontent in England increased by war with, 301; Arlington advocates peace with, 314, 316.
-,-, will suffer severely from scattering of fishing fleet, 304; Yarmouth fishermen supply herrings to, 319.
-,-, Charles assures Louis of intention to continue war with, 305; exertions of for continuing the war, 321.
-,-, alliance with emperor ratified, 313; Buckingham says imperialists cannot long support, 316.
-,-, reported cession of fortresses to Spaniards, 314; Louis proposes to restore fortresses taken from, 320.
-,-, anticipated deficiency of merchandise of, 315; clamour in against taxes, and criticisms of Orange, 325.
-,-, Swedish accession to France might induce imperialists to abandon, 317.
-,-, Sweden offering mediation to, 318; can settle nothing without their friends, 329.
-,-, flattered with hopes of recovering what lost, 320, 323; will not lay down arms while hope of better terms, 325, 328–9.
-,-, Monterey supplies troops to, 320; Arlington commends his action, 325.
-,-, alliance with emperor ratified, 325; device of for financing emperor, 329.

-, army:

makes foray towards Oudenarde, 208; mostly foreigners, unable to withstand French, 230.

-, fleet:

being armed, 45; strength of, at sea, 85; fitted out as measure of precaution, 88.

why English always stronger than, 56.

English yacht demands salute from, 100, 102, 104, 109; refusal to salute, a pretext for war, 167.

strength of ships fitting out, 135; reported intention to cruise off English coast, 162; equipment hastened, 184.

ready to strike to English flag, 183; no fear of entering Thames, 204; captures Victory, 212.

losses in attack on Smyrna fleet, 187.

in sight off Deal but missed preventing allied fleets uniting, 212; unenterprising behaviour of, retreat discredits, 212–13; English had narrow escape from, 217.

Dutch build upon, need for care with, 214; large number of fireships with, 217.

English superior to, in every way, 215; English not disturbed by entering Thames, 217.

chases 8 English ships to Sheerness, 215, 217; Rupert sends squadron against, 216; has worst of encounter, 219.

York manœuvring to get weather gauge of, 216; York dissuaded from attacking, 217.

ships inferior to English, 218; less easily manoeuvred, 219; Capt. Holland offers to send particulars of, 220n.

missed chance of victory in the Downs, 219.

will not give battle unless with advantage, 219; expected to retire into harbour, 223.

makes surprise attack at Solebay, 223, 236; losses in battle, 224, 229; accounts of action, 228–9, 259.

provisions consumed, may risk another battle, 224.

York lost opportunity of routing through French defection, 235; certain to pursue York in a fight, 236.

said to have disembarked troops for employment on shore, 243.

salutes yachts of Buckingham and Arlington, 245, 250–1.

York reports still amid the sandbanks, 251, 262, 264; reported short of hands, 264.

York eager to win victory over, 277.

English merchantmen kept in port, when put to sea, 323.

talk of Spanish fleet joining, 328.

merchants of. See merchants, Dutch.

ships of. See ships, Dutch.

-, States General, General Assembly:

opposition in to exaltation of Orange, 143; de Witt made to swear to Perpetual Edict, 256.

Lira to induce to give satisfaction to allies' demands, 173.

people shout confusion to, 251; informer goes to accuse de Witt to, 256.

Orange informs that will give no vote until withdrawal of Grotius, 264.

-, the Spanish. See Flanders.

Neuburg, duke of. See Philip William.

-, princess of. See Eleanora Magdalen.

Nevis, Nieve, island of, W. Indies:
-, news from, 106.

New England, N. America, 55.
-, industry introduced into, 60.

Newcastle, royal navy:
-, arrives at Leghorn, 33; convoys merchantmen to Spithead, and on to Nore, 264n.

Newcomb, Thomas, printer, 231, 253.

Newfoundland, N. America, 56.
-, fishing fleet from, 116.

Newmarket, co. Cambridge:
-, despatches dated at, 305, 307.
-, king to pass summer at, 47; king going to, for races, 96, 102; king at, 116; Boreel with king at, 114.
-, king and Court go to, 300; king will stay a fortnight at, 304.

Newport, Francis, lord, made treasurer of the household, 324.

Nicholls, Richard, gentleman of York's bedchamber, killed at Solebay, 232.

Nicolosi, Gio. Battista, secretary to the Collegio, 53, 128, 134, 149, 152–3, 178, 240, 254.

Nieuport [Prov. Flanders, Belgium]:
-, French claim to, 3, 194; arbitration about, 12, 18, 191.

Nieve. See Nevis.

Nijmegen, Nimmeghen [Prov. Gelderland, Netherlands]:
-, first blows of war to fall on, 214.

Nithard, Johan Everard, confessor of the queen of Spain:
-, claim to red hat advanced, 227n.

nobility:
-, numbers of, in the English fleet, 218.

nonconformists:
-, grant of toleration to, 186; a weakness of, to welcome, 225.

-, See also sectaries.

Nonesuch, royal navy:
-, activity against Dutch shipping off Cadiz, 234.

Nore, the:
-, squadron at buoy of the, 219n.; French squadron sails from, 243.
-, Newcastle convoys merchantmen to, 264n.; Spragge at, with six ships, 305.

Norfolk, county of:
-, king's visit to, 96, 102; fleet comes to water off coast of, 270.

-, duke of. See Howard, Thomas.

North Foreland, co. Kent, 207.
-, fleet gathered at, 206; fleet believed to be at, 228; York repaired to, after fight, 229, 232.
-, Victory captured off, 212.

North Sea, German Ocean:
-, Dutch will not acknowledge English flag in, 165.

North West passage:
-, reported discovery of, 119.

Norwegian fleet, the Dutch, reported capture contradicted, 268.

Norwich, co. Norfolk, king's visit to, 110.

-, earl of. See Howard, Henry.

Nugent, Lieutenant, commanding Eagle fireship, at Bougie, 78.

nuncios. See under ambassadors, papal nuncios.



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