Fagel, Caspar, Grand Pensionary of Holland, deters States from calling Orange to account, 336.
Fagg, Sir John, sent to the Tower, 415; suit of Sherley against, 472, 481; dispute between Houses over, 489, 491.
Falconbridge, viscount. See Bellasis, Thomas.
Falconieri, Abbé Ottavio, papal internuncio at Brussels, 10.
-, reported interference about oath of allegiance, 229.
Falmouth, co. Cornwall, St. Germain escapes by way of, 486n.
farmers of the duties, king takes revenue in advance from, 199.
Farnese, Ranuccio II, duke of Parma, 19.
-, desire to avoid ceremony with, 131; stands on ceremony with Modena family, 143.
-, Maria Magdalena and Catarina, sisters of, possible brides for York, 119; offered by Fresno, 182.
Fasby, Captain, commander of the Cleveland yacht, 386n.
fast, parliament desires proclamation for, 205.
Federici, Domenico, imperial minister at Venice, 496.
Fehrbellin [Brandenburg, German Empire], victory of Great Elector at, 434–5; account of, in dialogue, 438.
Feilding, Basil, earl of Denbigh, protests against oath, 401.
Ferdinand III, emperor, 24n, 352n.
-, daughter of. See Maria Anna Josepha.
Ferdinand Charles, Archduke, of the Tyrol, daughter of. See Claudia Felicitas.
Ferdinand Maria, elector of Bavaria, 355, 364, 373.
-, will not help against French, 368; Palatine suspicious of, 460.
Fernandez de la Cueva, Francisco, duke of Alburquerque, confers with Godolphin about the peace, 487.
Feuillade, vicomte de la. See Aubusson, François d'.
Filippine. See Philippine.
Finch, Charles Mark, son of the earl of Winchelsea, 472, 473n.
-, Heneage, earl of Winchelsea, sometime ambassador at the Porte: calls on Sarotti, 472n.
-, Sir Heneage, Attorney General, later baron Finch of Daventry: appointed lord keeper, 176; speech to parliament, 198; Fresno not displeased at remarks of, 199; speech produces no effect, 202.
commissioner for the peace, 218; commissioner to treat with Spaar, 286.
opposes motion for excluding Catholic from the throne, 221; prorogues parliament, 232.
appeal to, for Alberti's chaplain, 287; will not intervene, 288; will find a remedy, 343.
at Lambeth conference, 354; supports enforcement of penal laws, 357.
speech to parliament, 392–3; at opening in October, 467.
notifies Commons of prorogation, 491–2.
-, Sir John, English resident at Florence, 55.
asks place of worship for Armenians and others, 160.
-, -, English ambassador to the Porte, 157, 176.
leaves for Constantinople, 55; demands made by at Genoa, 95n; correspondence with Mendoza, at Genoa, 107.
expected at Florence, 133; complains of slippery dealings of Genoese, 145.
at Florence, 152; speaks to Corniani about Zante incident, 153, 156, 184.
entertainment and negotiations at Florence, 158–60; further negotiations about Mediterranean and trade, 171.
leaves, 171; Court hastens departure, 172; enters Constantinople, 247.
relations with Bailo, 247, 260, 273; notifies vizier of war with Tripoli, 426.
-, Captain William, killed at Schoneveldt, 58.
Finisterre, Cape [(Galicia, Spain], Dutch chase English ship off, 18.
fireships, captains of, called to account for neglect of opportunity, 58.
-, English willing to allow Dutch, for an indemnity, 74; Dutch object to paying tribute for, 80; Dutch ready to parley about, 83; Dutch ready to give compensation for, 128; Dutch concessions over, 191; Dutch offer no concessions over, 205, 212; because of alliance with France, 210.
-, control of, in rivers, 474.
-, Dutch, reported capture by Harman, 170; untrue, 174.
-, English, weather bound, 5.
Fitzroy, Henry, earl of Euston, natural son of Charles, married to Arlington's daughter, 91; made duke of Grafton, 444.
-, English require Dutch to recognise, 74; Dutch ready to give satisfaction about, 80, 83, 128, 190; Dutch offer about unsatisfactory, 170; fresh offers, 205.
-, Dutch now refuse to salute, 101; arrangement about, for peace, 214, 218.
-, incident with Dutch on return of ambassadors, 259, 261.
-, Dutch might leave England to dispute with France about, 266.
-, incident with Ostender, 386, 389, 399, 400.
-, incidents with French, 414, 416, 426, 428.
-, king prescribes, for merchantmen, 301.
Flanders, Spanish Netherlands, 366, 379, 386, 392, 405, 482.
-, news from, 72, 80, 154, 209, 282, 284, 302, 343, 497.
-, ordinary of, 246, 484, 498.
-,-, England will resent attack on, 1; loss threatened by defection of Dutch, 8; Charles claims credit for protecting, 128, 154.
-,-, Fresno represents danger of French attack on, 59, 64; Arlington's reply about, 65, 67.
-,-, claim for damage done by French in passing through, 68.
-,-, Monterey, fearing danger to, wants to resign, 72; governorship of, offered to York, 182.
-,-, mirrors imported from, 116.
-,-, French intention to attack, 218; army of, in the field, 250.
-,-, Monterey tries to lessen weight of attack on, 250, 254; Dutch safety depends on preserving, 258; Dutch show danger of, 266.
-,-, Spain insists on English interest to save, 262; armistice in, 276.
-,-, proposed exchange of fortresses in, 264, 266; Dutch from, return home, 304.
-,-, envoy from awaited, 297.
-,-, Monterey's doubt of Charles's zeal to save, 320; English interest to preserve, 340.
-,-, seminaries in, 328; privateers of, 453.
-,-, Orange insists on 20,000 men for, 336; Dutch will defend, 344; Orange to command army in, 345, 350, 352; Orange concerned for defence of, 356.
-,-, efforts to get England to defend, 348, 383; king speaks sharply about, 385.
-,-, Don John to come to, 350; emperor's forces in, 379; allied equal to French forces in, 435.
-,-, a reason for Spain opposing France, 352; Ronquillo best informed about, 395; he will appeal to king for, 413.
-,-, Castlehaven represents danger of French overrunning, 399; England deceived in expecting Dutch to defend, 400; Ruvigny goes to allay king's fears about, 403n; danger to represented, 410.
-,-, Bergeik's opinion about, 405; Godolphin's proposal for, 427; Ronquillo's demands for, 434.
-,-, Vaudemont going to Spanish army in, 443; Salinas going to post in, 477, 479.
-,-, proposed restitution of conquests in, 451; no faculty in for granting passports, 484.
-, general Admiralty of, 384.
-, governor of. See Aragon y Borja, Carlos de, duke of Villahermosa; Haro, Juan Domingo Mendez de, count of Monterey; Moura y Corte Real, Francesco de, marquis of Castel Rodrigo.
-, merchants of. See merchants, Flemish.
fleet. See navy, the royal.
-, Dutch. See Netherlands, fleet of.
-, French. See France, fleet of.
-, Spanish. See Spain, fleet of.
-, Swedish. See Sweden, fleet of.
Flemings, furious at having Assentar as commander, 72.
-, despatches dated at, 10, 12, 18, 78, 81, 85, 119, 133, 153, 160, 172, 190.
-, Falconieri expected at, 10; Finch arrives at, 152.
-, sensation at, by England forbidding foreign silk, 77; hopes of relaxation of edict, 81; merchants at depressed over, 84.
-, expedients considered for helping trade, 84; hard hit by new French duties, 190.
-, negotiations of Finch at, 158–60.
-, art of silk at, 172, 190.
-, Art of wool at, 160, 190.
-, Rota at, 158.
Flushing [Prov. Zeeland, Netherlands], 54.
-, English require as hostage for peace terms, 74.
Fogliada. See Aubusson, François d', vicomte de la Feuillade.
Fonseca, Manuel de, Spanish consul in London, arrested, 74; released at Fresno's request, 85; complains of levy for France, 361.
Fontaine l'Eveque [Prov. Hainaut, Belgium], Condé entrenched near, 282.
Fontainebleau, Fontanablo, Fontaneblo [Seine et Marne, France], 161.
-, despatch dated at, 448.
-, Mary of Modena at, 160.
Ford, Sir Richard, commissioner to treat with Dutch, 271.
foreign ministers. See under ambassadors.
foreigners. See aliens.
Foscarini, Piero, Savio alla Mercanzia, 44, 80.
Fowles, Captain Thomas, killed at Schoneveldt, 58.
-, van Beuningen forced Charles into arms of, 336.
-,-, Dutch threaten peace with, 3, 8, 50; Dutch urge Spain to make war on, 29.
-,-, Buckingham goes over to side with, 9; English reserve with, 26; English dislike of alliance with, 28n.
-,-, Spain unlikely to give satisfaction to, 21; England will follow lead of, at peace congress, 34.
-,-, Brandenburg comes to terms with, 29n, 50.
-,-, not sorry at breaking off of York-Innsbruck match, 30; York thinks of retiring to, with daughters, 37.
-,-, Charles accused of sacrificing England to glory of, 52; English mean to persevere in alliance with, 59; squanders money on English ministers, 68; Arlington accused of being in pay of, 73.
-,-, Fresno represents danger to Flanders from, 59; claim on for damage done in traversing Flanders, 68.
-,-, English dislike successes over Dutch, 79; Salinas tries to create suspicion of, 80; union with England believed to be unalterable, 99.
-,-, draperies in competition with those of Florence, 84; mirrors imported from, 116.
-,-, Charles will not listen to peace proposals apart from, 85; parliament cannot understand reasons for alliance with, 106.
-,-, does not give cordial support to English naval supremacy, 85; concern in at dispute between fleet commanders, 99.
-,-, Modena marriage contrived by, 85; Peterborough to treat for match in, 104.
-,-, dilemma of Charles through unpopular alliance with, 100; Buckingham urges breaking with, 101; Charles determined to maintain alliance, 121, 163.
-,-, Fresno says England only power that does not oppose violence of, 121; growing ill feeling in England against, 122.
-,-, English troops destined for, 122, 124, 128, 144; disaster to, 180.
-,-, Orange ready to act with Monterey against, 124; Monterey issues placarts against, 154.
-,-, emperor's manifesto directed against, 128.
-,-, king's persistence in alliance with generally disapproved, 143; English hostility to alliance with, inexplicable, 170.
-,-, Lockhart brings money from for raising fresh levies, 144; foreign troops expected in, 160.
-,-, Fresno trying to detach England from, 154; England would subscribe any sum for war with, 163.
-,-, ministers manœuvre to force king to abandon 155; Dutch want peace to accuse king of alliance with, 169.
-,-, York will not flee to, as advised, 169; made Charles abandon Catholics, 175.
-,-, Mary of Modena objected to as nominee of, 174; Prince Rinaldo wants red hat without obligation to, 186.
-,-, Spanish efforts to break alliance with, 174–5, 192; Montecuccoli refrains from invading, 191.
-,-, plan to obtain money from, for war, 175; York becoming more attached to party of, 177.
-,-, disturbances in England likely to increase burden of, 175; king offers to disclose terms of alliance with, 198.
-,-, required to agree about peace or supply money for war, 177; Charles declines money of, as insufficient, 187.
-,-, English feeling against growing, 180; Colbert blamed for making unpopular in England, 182.
-,-, Buckingham and treasurer seek to break alliance with, 187; Spain seeks to get parliament to force breach with, 191.
-,-, imposes double duty on Italian cloth, 189; trade in mirrors from, 195.
-,-, Arlington fears alliance with will be broken, 191; Fresno does not seek to break alliance with, 200.
-,-, parliament means to force king to break with, 196, 198; Ruvigny complains of hostility of English to, 200.
-,-, duchess of Modena leaves for, 197; Count Tot going to, 207.
-,-, Monterey urges war on, 200; Charles hesitates from shame of breaking word to, 207.
-,-, Buckingham's account of history of alliance with, 200; Arlington accused of partiality to, 204.
-,-, every one waiting to see if king will break alliance with, 205; Charles wishes to give time to become party to the treaties, 207; opening left for, 211.
-,-, Lisola expects to confound, 207; reliance on good will of Charles to, 209.
-,-, separate negotiations with Dutch, 208; may get peace after England, 209; does not build upon negotiations, 212.
-,-, preparations for coming campaign, 208, 218; arrangement for recalling English troops from, 214, 216.
-,-, reason given by Charles for breaking with, 215; Lockhart's excuses for abandoning, 217; fear of Charles changing attitude to, 235.
-,-, Lockhart anxious to secure peace for also, 217, 225; breaking alliance with does not bring quiet in England, 219.
-,-, confident of forcing Spain to make peace, 218; Spain will avoid shock of arms of, 240.
-,-, inquiry into state of trade with, 221, 237, 314; Irish cattle trade with, 230.
-,-, how Arlington came to favour, 227; mischief done by York by favouring alliance with, 228; York continues partial to, 234,
-,-, Fresno wants England to mediate peace for, 228; attitude to mediation, 237.
-,-, possible attitude of Sweden to, 228, 235.
-,-, may resume confidential relations with Dutch, to detriment of England, 229.
-,-, rooted antipathy of English for, 234, 236; but less dangerous than Dutch, 236.
-,-, alliance with accidental for king's own ends, 236; party of, in England, 238.
-,-, Fresno complains of Court's partiality for, 238; Charles ready to satisfy requirements of, to prejudice of England, 240.
-,-, England can only insinuate peace to, 238; confidential relations with England progressing, 242.
-,-, manufactures of burned daily in England, 239; England hopes to monopolise trade, 246.
-,-, no sign of disposition to accept papal mediation, 240; Fresno laughs at idea of party in Germany favouring, 250.
-,-, Monterey sanguine of wresting places from 241; English delight at reverses of, 243.
-,-, England would not lose by being at war with Spain and Dutch, 242; Spaniards accuse Charles of partiality to, 245–6, 250.
-,-, Furstenberg accused of intrigues in favour of, 244.
-,-, moneys of seized at Cologne, 245; money transmitted to Sweden by, 249.
-,-, Lockhart shows intention of Charles to satisfy, 247; Charles disposed to operate with, 248; bias of England for, against mediation, 251.
-,-, Spanish interest in decisions taken in, 248; Spanish hope of exhausting, 252, 292.
-,-, attack on Franche Comté, 250.
-,-, question of withdrawal of English troops from, 251–2; Vaughan raised regiment to serve in, 286.
-,-, dependence of northern powers on, 255; Spain a bulwark for England against, 269.
-,-, efforts to get England to oppose designs, 266; Spain wrong in policy against, 269.
-,-, English reserve for fear of being accused of partiality to, 267; English suspect Dutch of intention to side with, 269; suspicion of Dutch policy touching, 270.
-,-, not sound for Dutch to abandon Spain for peace with, 270; English favour Spain at risk of breaking with, 275.
-,-, English going to for glass, instead of Venice, 272; glass industry of, 296.
-,-, Dutch efforts to prevent confidence between England and, 275; Dutch suspected of contemplating reconciliation with, 290, 300.
-,-, reliance in on good will of Charles, 276; Dutch ambassadors complain of king's partiality for, 307.
-,-, Sweden delays to fulfil treaties with, 277; Sweden not committed to favour against other allies, 285.
-,-, England and Sweden count on influencing for peace, 277; Sweden ally of, 279; allies suspect partiality of England and Sweden for, 288, 308.
-,-, claim that Swedish troops in Pomerania will benefit, 288; effect of Swedish declaration for, 315.
-,-, expected to tighten relations with England and Sweden, 294; Brandenburg attacked for breaking treaty with, 320.
-,-, Dutch repeal prohibition of wines and brandies of, 300; and Monterey also, 306.
-,-, ministers propose to get clear of, 306; many ministers favour, 307.
-,-, mission of Arlington and Ossory to deter Orange's negotiations with, 310, 315, 317; he will make no separate peace with, 323.
-,-, fear of agreement between Dutch and, 310, 312; inducements for, 311.
-,-, trade captured from, since peace, 314; may be scapegoat, on subject of trade, 331.
-,-, peace equally necessary for Spain and, 315; Fresno's operations against, 320.
-,-, York would not purchase Austrian match by breaking alliance with, 320.
-,-, attitude to mediation in, 322; Sweden shows unwillingness to declare for, 323.
-,-, will not want to continue war if Sweden does not create diversion, 323.
-,-, allies hoped to exhaust by long war, 323.
-,-, good progress of peace negotiations with Dutch, 325; Spanish attitude to dealings with Dutch, 335.
-,-, king accused of bias for, 341; Court maintaining good correspondence with, 346.
-,-, nonconformists regret victory of, 342; they require abandonment of, 346.
-,-, Spain rejects offers of, 344; and revolt of Messina, 370.
-,-, relations of Orange with, 345, 352, 355.
-,-, van Beuningen finds Court too favourable to, 347; Spanish view of, 348; van Beuningen tries to inspire jealousy of, 374.
-,-, English peers curse despotic government of, 353.
-,-, attitude to peace negotiations, 355; Bergeik says king bound to, for peace, 405.
-,-, Fonseca complains of English levy for, 361; English Court favours, 377.
-,-, trade of, in Indies, 369; Commons discuss trade with, 399.
-,-, Bergeik recognises king's need to rely on, 389; he says will remain on defensive, 395.
-,-, English jealousy of prejudices against Sweden, 389.
-,-, Spain tries to keep Denmark from joining, 395.
-,-, delay of plenipotentiaries of, 396.
-,-, allies reasons for counting on ruin of, 397n; king perseveres with friendship for, 405.
-,-, king asked to recall troops serving in, 398–9, 404, 406–7, 410–1, 413; school in which British subjects learn art of war, 398.
-,-, Castlehaven represents danger of occupying all Flanders, 399; mistake to count on Dutch for defence against, 400.
-,-, money offered by, to put down parliament, 404.
-,-, Sweden needs support of, with England, 406; Sweden may be more deeply involved with, 409.
-,-, Ruvigny fears Commons may force on war with, 407; relieved by prorogation of parliament, 424–5.
-,-, people beginning to feel burden of war, 409; desire for peace in, 438; Charles urged to propose adjustment to, 440.
-,-, lacks troops for protracted war, 410; English enthusiasm for allied successes against, 438.
-,-, peace likely to follow Dutch agreement with, 428; fear of Dutch making separate peace with, 436.
-,-, would not like British association with Spain in defence of Flanders, 430.
-,-, difficulty in choosing ambassador for, 441; Ruvigny sends assurances of king's good will to, 479.
-,-, Charles incites Dutch to make peace with, 450; should be ready for peace after blows suffered, 454.
-,-, privateers of active, 453; parliament considers sea power of, 471.
-,-, shows contempt of Venetian dominion in Adriatic, 456–7; Card, of Norfolk to help Rome give satisfaction to, 462.
-,-, condition of accepting English mediation, 462; attitude to peace, 470.
-,-, suspected understanding between Venice and, 464, 483; alleged offer to Venice, 492.
-,-, not apprehensive of king being forced to hostile action, 468, 473; reasons for popular hostility to, 469; dubious about intentions of parliament, 477.
-,-, Commons take up question of those serving, 475, 478, 481, 485, 488.
-,-, complaint of injury in trade with, 478, 488; proposals about, 481, 489.
-,-, pope referred to, about place of congress, 482.
-,-, waiting to see turn of affairs in England, 483; prorogation of parliament a great advantage to, 492–3.
-,-, attitude of English Court to, 488; increase in popular antipathy to, 489.
-,-, talk of separate peace with Dutch, 488.
-,-, proposal to princes of Italy for Sicily, 492.
-,-, ships from stopped by weather, 498.
-, army of:
English regiments continue to serve with, 301; imperial forces reduced by encounters with, 355; crosses Rhine at will, 364; moving on Rhine, 368; occupies Liége, 387.
archbishop of Mayence fears violence from, 379; allied forces said to be double, 394; reported gathering of, 410.
-, Council of, discusses employment of fleet, 18.
-, fleet, 75, 236.
king wishes to strengthen, 1; share of agreed, 20.
arrangements for combination with, 3; French opposed to Rupert commanding, 20.
English fleet being prepared to meet, Rupert's proposed distribution of, 38; not yet ready, 41; Colbert writes to hasten, 42.
expected at Portsmouth, 42, 47; delayed, king going to see, 49.
junction with English, 50–1; to fight Dutch resolutely, 51.
losses at Schonevelt considerable, 57; suffered slight damage, 64.
unwillingness to risk, 75; reported losses in Texel battle, 98; Rupert's heat over behaviour at Texel, 100; worsted in battle, 103–4.
to put to sea under Harman, 106; Harman to accompany back to ports, 121.
suffers much from storms, 124; in Thames for repairs, 127.
galleys to take princess of Modena to Provence, 124; squadron at Messina, 370n.
English accuse of shirking in fight, 174; Rupert accuses of misconduct, 187.
has larger ships than England, 402.
flag incidents with frigates of, 414, 416.
squadron cruising in Adriatic, 456–7.
-, king of. See Henri IV; Louis XIII; Louis XIV.
-, queen of. See Maria Theresa.
-, ships of. See ships, French.
Franceschi, Domenico, corsair of Leghorn, takes Mediterranean, 133; negotiations about, 158–9; sent present to Grand Duke, 159.
Franche Comté, 277.
-, French intention to attack, 218, 250; Monterey refused neutrality for, 250, 254, 259.
-, French progress in may cool Spanish desire for war, 250; Spaar eager for news of, 252.
-, French attack on, 254; Monterey blamed about, 267; conquests expected to balance loss of, 281.
Franconia [(German Empire], 379.
Frankfort on Main [German Empire], 368, 378.
-, letter dated at, 374.
Frederick III, king of Denmark, 432n.
Frederick VI, marquis of Baden Durlach, 364.
Frederick William, margrave of Brandenburg:
-, reported adjustment with France, 29, 50; Swedish invasion of territories, 315.
-, Denmark and Dutch bound to help against Sweden, 315, 320; king of Sweden marching against, 319.
-, Sweden's quarrel with personal, 320; demand for withdrawal of Swedish troops from territories of, 351n.
-, defeat at Colmar, 342n; Charles refuses to give forces to, 384; advised to settle with Sweden, 387.
-, conference with Orange, 382; London waiting to hear from about mediation, 479; king writes to, offering mediation, 495.
-, Dutch squadron to fly flag of, 389.
-, victory over Swedes, 434, 439; account of, in dialogue, 438; fear that congress may delay victorious progress, 463; success in Pomerania, 477n.
-, troops of, 368.
French, reported intention to massacre, in London, 449; comment on increase of, in London, 489.
Fresel, M., king's physician, opinion of queen's sickness, 14n.
Fresne, Frene, marquis of. See Lionne, Hughes de.
Fresno, marquis of. See Jovar Velasco, Pedro Fernandez de.
Friesland, province of, Netherlands, dependant on Orange, 341.
-, governor of. See Nassau, Henry Casimir of.
frigates, sailing match between, 268n.
Fuente, marquis de la. See Teves y Cordoba, Gaspar de.
furnace (glass) master, in London, 222–3.
Furstenberg, Francis Egon of, bishop of Strasburg, 244n.
-, some one expected from, about brother, 464; envoys arrive, 470; asked not to stop meeting of congress for brother, 484.
-, William prince of, envoy of France at Cologne:
seizure at Cologne, 234, 244; French and English ministers recalled because of, 245.
Charles exerting himself for release, 250, 286–7, 488; thanked for, 470.
France requires release, 299, 456, 459, 460, 464, 470, 482; emperor and, 370, 374, 377, 379, 383, 428, 456.
Strasburg asked not to stop meeting of congress for, 484; understanding between Charles and Louis about, 488; satisfactory replies from Paris about, 492; will commit Charles more deeply, 494.