Henry VIII
April 1516, 21-30

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Institute of Historical Research

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J. S. Brewer (editor)

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1864

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'Henry VIII: April 1516, 21-30', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2: 1515-1518 (1864), pp. 510-527. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=90905 Date accessed: 30 September 2014.


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April 1516

21 April.
R. O.
1797. DACRE to ALBANY.
"Copy of a letter to the Duc of Albany, answer of his letters hereunto annexed."
Has received by Unicorn his two several letters, dated Edinburgh; 18 April, in answer to Dacre's late writings by the same messenger and by Carrick. Thinks it strange that Albany is always making new overtures, and founding objections upon Dacre's letters that he cannot justify. Albany has been told repeatedly, both by Dacre's and Wolsey's letters, that the affairs of Scotland cannot be suffered to he mixed with those of France. The questions between England and France are of too great importance to liken the one to the other. The difference between England and Scotland is nothing but through the interference of France, and to make war on England for the pleasure of France has not hitherto been much to their profit. As soon as this policy is abandoned, they may have peace. When that is established, Wolsey will be glad to co-operate with Albany for a universal peace, but it is absurd to suppose that the great matters of France are to be included in a mere comprehension with Scotland.
Has seen his instructions given to Unicorn; the greater part needs no answer. Has no power to make any abstinence of war, and if he had, would not take the responsibility of doing so now in the commodious time of the year. Thinks Albany not so well disposed to peace as he pretends, seeing that he only wishes abstinence from war for short periods to drive over the commodious time of the year. Dacre had himself advised him to request an abstinence till Allhallowtide or St. Andrew's Day. Need not answer the rest of the instructions, as he has had so much correspondence about their contents already. As to sending them to Wolsey, has already sent him certain articles from Albany to the same effect. As to the report that John de Barbon had been taken at sea, wonders that Albany should give more credit to light sayings than to the writings of great princes, seeing that Wolsey has written to assure him that Barbon should not be stopped in passing through England, and Dacre had given him a like assurance, saying he would be sorry that Wolsey should know how Albany discredited his word. Whittingham, 21 April.
Copy, pp. 3. Endd.: Scottish matters.
21 April.
R. O.
1798. HENRY VIII. to SIR RIC. JERNINGHAM.
Appointing him treasurer of Tournay in the room of Sir Edw. Bensted, at the salary of 50l. a year. He is to receive of Benstede such money as he has, in the presence of the lieutenant, Dr. Sampson and Wm. Pawne. Greenwich, 21 April. Signed above.
P. 1. Add.
21 April.
Vit. B. XIX. 54.
B. M.
1799. [SIR ROB. WINGFIELD] to [WOLSEY].
Wrote last on the ... inst ... "Croyane in the Vale del Sole, and the nexte ... anoother to your grace, boothe contai[ning all matters that have] comen to my knowledge and worthy writing ... there came to your hands letters from the Carde[nal of Sion. On the] 16th day I departed from thence toward this city ... letters with him to be put in his packet, for at my dep[arting] ... as he said allynggis written such matter as he intended to w[rite] ... to your grace and also in my said letter to you I inclo[sed other letters in] ciphers and the copy of the same deciphered of mine o[wn hand]." This "holy and best grounded enterpise" is languishing for lack of that which is most essential to all martial acts, the order and diligent conveying of which should have been better looked to. This must be amended in the second payment, because by the instructions in cipher to him and Pace both sums were to have been paid at Augsburg, which was too far distant either for him or Pace, the former being with the Emperor, and the latter in Switzerland.
Has done his part with as little expense as might be, and if Pace can say the same, is sure there never was such a sum of money conveyed with less cost, nor "surelyer leeyde oughte." The first 40,000 florins were sent by the Emperor to Constance "as the very anchor to save the Swissers out of the French hands." Then the rescue of Bresse saved not only the Emperor's affairs in Italy, but also the realms of Naples and Sicily. At the Emperor's request Wingfield became surety for 20,000 florins for the pay of the soldiers of Bresse, and took "a by obligation" of his majesty for repayment when needful. Last month at the passage of the "Oyle" the Swiss would not advance until the Emperor had paid them 1½ fl. a man, which would amount to 24,000 fl. Wingfield had then but 11,000 fl. left out of the 20,000 fl. On demanding of the Emperor repayment, and showing the necessity, the Emperor said he had laid out [20]000 fl. in "preste" for 2,000 horsemen; but offered to allow him whatever was necessary out of 24,000 fl. in the hands of one of his council for the pay of the soldiers ... "written at Costa in Bargamaske the ... now at the extreme pinch by the mean ... of Awsbourge had sent 25,000 fl. to th ... I was advised, I sent forthwith quittances dup[licate] ... ordained as sure manner as possible for the con[veying thereof. And] because the most sure way was by Bresse, he ordained ... not be ware or have knowledge of any money ... only that the same was for the conduction of artillery and munition."—When the money arrived at Bresse the soldiers rose and took it by force, saying they would serve the Swiss as the Swiss had served them. This has put Pace in great trouble and danger; [for though] the sum was not large enough for the wages ... month, it would have partly relieved them, "and the whole payment of the third might ... to as quick pass as the said Mr. Pace hoped, whereupon he made s[uch] ... as hath appeared by his proper letters which I have with former [letters] to the King's highness and your grace." This has caused the withdrawal of the whole army [which now] lies between Bresse and Bargamo, destroying friends [and doing] no displeasure to the enemy. Nor will they move till they be fully paid "both of the second month and [also the] second sum, which should perform the same, is and h[ath been] conveyed; and also such difficulty appeareth in the ord ... shall maye have place I do fear that a great part ... (which began the 15th day of this) shall be run and ... I hoped that all this time a great part of the said [second sum] been arrived at Ausbourge into the Belsers' hands ..." * * *
Has received letters from [Augs]burg, showing there were in Belser's hands only ... 800 crowns, who would not deliver them up [without] quittances, saying he had orders from [Leonard Frisco]bald to take no quittances but those signed by Pace. This occasions great inconvenience, as Wingfield must now send blank forms of quittance to Pace to be signed at a great distance, with the enemy between them. After which they have to be returned to him and sent to Augsburg. Those who dissuaded the Emperor from going in person rejoice at this, and try to create displeasure against Wingfield as the cause of his so going, and as having put the Emperor in hope that the second sum would have arrived at Augsburg before the 24th of last month. But the good prince is patient on this point, knowing that Wingfield would not deceive him. Thought it necessary to advise "your most reverend grace" of the danger in which matters stand "for lakke of order and diligence, and also that your [grace might] the better perceive the impossibility that is to convey things ... which have contrarieties in them by ... of error ..." (A line lost at the bottom).
Hol., pp. 4, mutilated and imperfect. Dated in margin in a modern hand: About 20th April 1516.
21 April.1800. For SIR RALPH EGERTON.
To be sheriff of Flyntshire, with 20l. a year out of the issues of the county, vice Sir John Manwaring. Westm., 21 April.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 28.
21 April.1801. For SIR NICH. VAUS.
Wardship of Walter, heir of Wymund Raleigh of Fyndell, Devon, with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Westm., 21 April.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 25.
21 April.
S. B.
1802. For HUMPH. CALFEHILL.
To be bailiff of the manor of Stannton Lacy, and of the liberties of the lordship of Cleobury, Salop, and of Chelmershe in Cleobury, granted to him by patent 24 July 1 Hen. VIII., during pleasure, since which William Lyngen had sued for them, without mentioning the said grant, contrary to the Act of Parliament 5 Feb. 6 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 (fn. 1) April 7 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 26.
21 April.1803. GAOL DELIVERY.
Hertford.—Commission to Th. Clifford, John Colte, Hen. Barley, Humph. Fitz Herbert, Ric. Druell and Geo. Emerson, for delivery of Humph. Grene and Geo. Dowseley, prisoners there. Westm., 21 April.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 16d.
S. B.1804. For MAURICE APARRY, yeoman for the King's mouth.
Grant of Radnore forest, and to be constable of Tenby Castle, Pembroke, with the custody of Coyde Rafe, and 2d. a day; also an annuity of 10 marks, out of the lordship of Staunton Lacy, Salop, which Maurice Ludlowe held by grant of the late Duke of York.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
S. B.1805. For CHRIST. ARUNDELL of Westminster.
Writ of appeal to Sir John Fyneux, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, in the case of Lewis Happesfeld of London, mercer, v. the said Christopher.
1806. For JOHN BALDEWYN.
Exemption from serving on juries, &c.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 3.
S. B.1807. For ROGER GRIFFITH, late of Holborn, baker.
Pardon (?).
Very much defaced.
1808. For JOAN, widow of SIR JOHN HUDDLESTON.
Pardon for alienation of the manor of Temple Guytyng, Poer, Doudeswell, Pekelesworth, Hamtonmeysy, Shipton-Solers, Berton, Kynton, Elkeston, Weston-upon-Aven, Hareford, Frampton-on-Severn, Notgrove, Gretton, Alston, Wynchecombe and Cornwell Glouc., by John Daston, without licence.
Imperfect.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21.
S. B.1809. For LAUNCELOT LISLE.
To have a corrody in Marten Abbey, Surrey, on vacation by Gilb. Mawdesey, serjeant-at-arms.
S. B.1810. For PETER WILDANK.
Licence to import 22 tuns of Gascon wine.
S. B.1811. For AVEREY WODSHAWE.
Pardon, as of Bramcotte, Warw., of Biscorne, Hants, or of Southwerk, Surrey.
S. B.1812. For WM. WYSE, sewer of the Chamber.
To be constable of Dublin Castle now held by Nich. Feld during pleasure.
Pat. 7 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
22 April.
Vit. B. XIX. 56.
B. M.
1813. SIR ROB. WINGFIELD to HENRY VIII.
Wrote last on the ... of this month [from] Croyane in the Vale del Sole, "and yesterday in the ... a lettyr to my lorde Cardenall of Yorke, conteeyninge ..." * * * Complains of the "greatt defaulte," which has caused the [delay] of business, and the imperilling of the enterprise now in hand, which will more clearly appear from the letters sent with the present one: some from the Emperor and the Cardinal of Sion to Wingfield, and others from persons despatched to Augsburg with quittances to receive the money and convey it to Trent, and provide for its safe conduct to Pace, who is still with the army. Three of the letters are directed to the [said] Cardinal from Master Adrian, "master of his house," one of the persons sent to Augsburg; with a letter to himself from Master Jerome Pwnner, [whom] Wingfield has sent with two captains of the Swiss to Augsburg that they might .. "viswally aperceeyve" that there was money actually there, [and that more was] coming for them, and inform the [whole] company by writing of these facts. Will not more particularly describe the difficulties which surround them on all sides, as he has fully entered into them in a letter written to "[my] sayde lorde Cardenall of Yorke" yesterday. The letters above mentioned reached Wingfield so late yestereven that he could not execute the orders contained in the Emperor's and Cardinal of Sion's letters, but entrusted the performance of them to faithful servants. The merchants who convey the sum specified in the said letters are expressly commanded not to deliver it to the writer, or to any person, without double quittances, signed and sealed by Pace and himself. These cannot be had at present, though both he and the Cardinal of Sion have sent messengers to Pace. Has therefore given his servants quittances made in both their names, signed and sealed by himself, and he has "faynyd" Pace's signature and sealed in his name with a corniol[yan] in figure of a head. If these be not admitted, the money will have to be waited for until the quittances return from Pace, which, even if they escape the enemy's hands, will be some time hence.
As a remedy for the delay arising from these joint signatures suggests that Pace and himself should have authority given to them jointly and separately, and that a third person should remain at the port, and "order ... hands, which by force is so far off; for as to me [it is disagreeable] to handyll oothir mennys monneey or that which is [not part of my] charge." Will make clear account of all that has come to his hands. Hopes, though he seems to be held in some mistrust, that the King will not forget his faithful service as ambassador "by the space of six hooll ye[eres]."
Written at Trent in haste, 22 [April ...]
P.S.—Though this letter was written before six in the [morn]ing, before he closed it, [one] of his trusty servants, despatched yestereven to execute the Emperor's commission, returned, with new difficulties in "divers things, which to [repair I have forwith done my best." Trusts to God that his efforts will be successful, knowing the danger of error "that the humayne kynd is empechyd with, and that the divine power is clerely absolute of all passions, perturbations, or other necessities, in which divine power, as I trust, this holy and most to be desired enterprise is root fast."
Hol., mutilated, pp. 4.
23 April.
R. O.
1814. RIC. [FOX] BP. OF WINCHESTER to WOLSEY.
Has heard from Wm. Purde that Wolsey has asked for him, and wants to know when he will be at court. Had he not good impediment and the King's licence to be occupied in his cure, to make satisfaction for 28 years' negligence, he would be very blameable and unkind, considering Wolsey's goodness to him in times past. Had never greater will to serve the King's father than the King himself, especially since Wolsey's great charge, "perceiving better, straighter, and speedier ways of justice, and more diligence and labor for the King's right, duties and profits, to be in you than ever I see in times past in any other, and that I myself had more ease in attendance upon you in the said matters than ever I had before." Thinks Wolsey would not have him serve the world to the damnation of his soul and other souls committed to him; his absence is not to hunt or hawk, nor for quietness of his mind, which is troubled night and day with other men's iniquities more than he dare write, of which Wolsey told him he had some knowledge when he was Bp. of Lincoln. Considers that Wolsey has as much labor of body and business of mind as ever any man had, and with less help. If the Swiss and the Emperor speed well, sees no great occasion for disquiet. "And I require you, and heartily pray you, lay apart all such businesses from 6 of the clock in the evening forward; which, if ye will use it, shall after your intolerable labors greatly refresh you. And, good my lord, when the term is done, keep the council with the King's grace wheresoever he be." Winchester, 23 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal of York.
23 April.
Shrewsb. MSS.
A. f. 29.
Coll. of Arms.
1815. TH. ALEN to the EARL OF SHREWSBURY.
Has told my Lord Cardinal of the Earl's illness, and that of his servants, which he well perceives is no feigned matter. Today he and Babynton asked the Cardinal when he would appoint the Earl to come up for the matter betwixt him and Sir Henry Marny. He said "Counsel my lord to get him into clean eeir (air) and divide his household in sundry places, and if the danger of sickness be past by the next term then to be at London." Babington, however, hopes to have respite till Michaelmas term. Has sent by the same carrier such stuff as he brought up in a cloth sack. Has spoken with Sir Wistan Broun, who is willing to pay this term. "Your lordship hath his obligation. All such stuff as Allan Kyng provided for the King's grace, your lordship and divers other mo, is taken upon the sea with a Scottishman dwelling in Depe." Coldharbert, 23 April, "with the rude hand of your priest, Thomas Alen."
P.S.—My Lord of Buckingham came to London on Monday. Northumberland has not yet spoken with the King.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord.
23 April.
R. O.
1816. PACE to [WOLSEY].
Left Lodi for Bergamo on the 15th to recover as much money of theirs as is retained in Brixia. The Swiss will wait there six days for the King's money, which has not come according to Wolsey's letter of 22 March. Thinks Wolsey is deceived by the merchants, as the whole was in Flanders 20th March. The 25,000 florins in Brixia were provided by a merchant in Augsburg, factor to the Friscobalds. The Swiss say the Friscobalds have been corrupted by French money. Wolsey's proposal for the Swiss to invade France must be set aside for the present, as the Emperor's delays have spoiled the expedition. The Pope, the Florentines and the Genoese will not assist till Milan be won. The Emperor must be spoken fair. So oppressed with sorrow and disappointment, doubts if he shall ever see Wolsey again. The Swiss will leave the Emperor and join the French, especially if Galias incur their displeasure, whose reputation has been ruined with the Emperor. If he join the French, Milan can never be recovered. Advises negotiating with the Pope, who is afraid of the French King becoming monarch of the whole world. Proposes an alliance should be formed; the Pope to bear the costs. The French King swears he will be revenged upon England. Thinks that attempts should be made to draw off the Venetians from the French by means of their ambassador in England. The Emperor will be more compliant for fear of losing Italy. Andrea Gritti sent a chaplain to the Swiss to induce them to join against the French, but, as they were compelled by the Emperor to depart, the thing took no effect. So long as the Swiss and French are at variance the latter cannot hold Italy. Is obliged to send him different letters at once. Bergamo, 23 April.
P.S.—The Swiss will return to Milan in spite of the Emperor. If they do, it will not be in the Emperor's power to revoke them.
Copy, pp. 6.
3 April.
Vit. B. III. 26.
B. M.
1817. PACE to BURBANK.
Received his letters of the 13th, 19th, ... March. "... of Mr. Melchior without any my letters ... suspicion of squaring betwixt my Lo[rd Se]dunensis and me." At the departure of Melchior, Pace was .. days' journey distant, and knew nothing of his going. Expected to have perfect knowledge by his servant Th. Cotton. As to any squaring betwixt himself and Sedunensis, which "my Lo[rd Car]dinal our master doth also suspect, a[s appea]rith by his grace's most wise and discreet ... therein, touching both my said Lord Sed[unensis and me,] the Lord Sedunensis ... [Two lines lost.] ... for ... this enterprise, you shall show un[to his grac]e our master that I never thought to trouble [his gra]ce with any my writing in this matter, be[cause] that I continually have to the uttermost of [my] power used therein such counsel as his [said] grace doth give unto me in his last letters, [ut] sicut Jesus per medium illorum irem. Insomuch that [I se]cretly, unknowing to any of them, did cause [the] Emperor to write unto them both," (fn. 2) to lay aside all disputes; which they have done, and had the Emperor followed their counsel they should long since have been lords of Milan.
On his arrival ... "... unto him of my commission, [among] other good advertisements concerning [the manage]ment of the enterprise, his grace (Wolsey) inst[ructed] and desired me that at mine arri[val in] Switzerland I should use in everything t[he counsel] and advice of the said Lord Galiaz [Vis]cownte, saying expressly that if I should [other]wise do I could nothing obtain there fo[r the] King of England's intent." Found this true as the gospel. Had Galeazzo only spoken three words in favor of the French King all the Swiss would have confederated with him. A variance afterwards arose between [them] touching the Duke of Bari, which lewd persons were glad to augment. Meantime the Cardinal sent to Pace for no s[mall su]ms of money promised by the Emperor to the Swiss; [to which] Pace answered he had no commission to pay money for such private matters, desiring his grace to be satisfied that he would not transgress Wolsey's commandment. Some of the money was to be paid to those who were more Frenchmen than Christians. The Cardinal was angry, said he would have the King's money whether Pace liked it or not; that he had authority to dispose of it at his pleasure, and accused him of being influenced by Galias; on which Pace wrote to disabuse him. This is all the "squaring" between him and the Cardinal. Has never written into England anything to the disparagement of the Cardinal, notwithstanding his suspicion which caused him to send Melchior. The Cardinal is angry with Galeazzo because he has lost his influence with the Swiss, for the reasons of which he advertised Wolsey in his first or second letter from Switzerland; stating that the Pope had caused him to make infinite promises to the Swiss, which he would not keep, "and for this cause the said Lord Cardinal is ab[sent] at this time from their field, and fo[llowet]h the Emperor." Galias has the favor of all, and has persuaded the Swiss to remain. Both are faithful friends to the King. In refusing the Cardinal money, Pace had regard only to the interests of the enterprise. Whenever the King's money passed where the Emperor was he would always get some portion of it by force or false promises of restitution; saying that if he did not have what he desired he would re[turn] home again, "like as children say they will not go to school without bread and butter." The Cardinal of Sion dares not refuse him, and Sir Rob. Wingfield takes him for a God, and thinks that all his deeds and thoughts do proceed ex [Spirit]u Sancto. It was only for this purpose that he wished a commission. His expences have been great, because he has had to despatch four couriers at his own cost to Flanders and England. Bergamo, 23 April.
Hol., part cipher, pp. 9, very badly mutilated. Add.
23 April.
R. O.
1818. TREATY with CHARLES PRINCE OF CASTILE.
Notarial attestation by Hen. Corne and Laur. Brumick of the oath of Charles King of Spain to the treaty of intercourse made with England, 19 April 1516. 23 April 1516.
23 April.
P. S.
1819. For WM. YERLE, yeoman of the Guard.
Wardship of John Pengelle, an idiot. Eltham, 19 April 7 Hen. VIII. Del. ... 23 April.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
23 April.
P. S.
1820. For TH. GREVES, yeoman purveyor of the Stable.
Annuity of 5l. out of the lordship of Denbigh, and the arrearages. Greenwich, 27 March 7 Hen. VIII. Del. ..., 23 April (?)
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2.
23 April.
P. S.
1821. For JOHN PHILIP.
To be the King's attorney in Haverford West, with 40s. a year, vice Th. Ap Owen, Eltham, 16 April 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 (?) April.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
24 April.
Galba, B. VI.
20. B. M.
1822. SPINELLY to [HENRY VIII.]
Wrote last on the 18th. A post has since come from Augsburg to Casius. The Chancellor says the Swiss will wait for their payment, and have made a new oath to the Emperor, who will return to Milan and join them, expecting that it will be evacuated by the French for lack of victuals. The meeting at Noyon is deferred till the 8th or 10th May, the Grand Master being dead of the gout. Though the Chancellor and his colleague pretend it is only to win time, thinks the real object is peace with France. One argument for it is that Charles will be a match for France whenever he gets into Spain. Has written to Wingfield to ascertain the Emperor's mind about it. Don Dego wrote on the 17th that Francis had had a fall from his horse, which made him speechless for an hour, and that the Queen and my Lady of Angoulême had left Lyons for Amboise. The King of Denmark has sent Charles a ship of 800 tons; 30 others are expected from Spain. The Viceroy of Arragon has obtained a passport to come hither through France with the Earl of Rybagotz. The court is full of Spaniards, who flock hither daily. Encloses a letter to the King from Alamire, who went to Metz with Hans Nagel, not knowing of his understanding with Spinelly, with a report by the latter since his return. Thinks Alamire favors De la Pole, and must not be trusted too much. The Duke of Gueldres has 2,000 foot and 200 horse in Friesland, and Isselstein has been ordered to retain 1,500 men of war. The feast of St. George was celebrated yesterday, when Ponynges dined with the King, and Tunstal and Spinelly with Chievres. Brussels, 24 April.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 4.
24 April.
R. O.
1823. SPINELLY to WOLSEY.
Has written to the King. Desires an answer touching Hans Nagle and Alamyre. Ponynges is informed of everything. Wolsey's vicar at Tournay (Sampson) was here, and went to Bruges yesterday. Cautioned him that the Abbot of St. Martin would not cease till he had made "some bargain of his abbey." Brussels, 24 April 1516.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: D. Tho. Card. Angliæ. Endd.
24 April.
Galba, B. VI. 22.
B. M.
1824. PONYNGES to [WOLSEY].
Has received letters from Berghes with a credence that as the King of England will have to give his voice at the coming election of knights of the Toison, the King of Spain desires it in favor of the Lords Beures, Zevemberghe, Brebenchon, and Wassenaire. Berghes desires to be Henry's proxy as he was the late King's. Thinks him very well disposed towards Henry, and that Chievres and he will agree. He lately made good cheer to Lady Chievres when she passed through Barow to the christening of Beures' child. Finds Chievres and the Chancellor very toward in the King's business. The former speaks plainly of the doubledealing of the French, and says they will only pass the time with them in fair words till the King get into Spain. Brussels, 24 April. Signed.
Pp. 2.
24 April.
Calig. E. III. f. 114.
B. M
1825. _ to _
Is in want of money for his journey. The King is at Lyons, where he will remain till his business is done, which he hopes will be to his profit. He is sending De la Tremoylle to succor the Duke of Bourbon. The Count ... of Mons. de Vandosme is dead there. "On dit tout celle ... daultres et de prins bien gros personnaiges ..." There is much dissatisfaction here; the Emperor has retired to Brescia. It is rumoured [the Swiss] have mutinied for want of money, and the Duke of Bourbon pretends to have them. The roads are full of men who have died of want, and [many] of the lanceknights have remained there. The King has much to contend with. His army is expensive, and ... the Pope's nephew, who has 500 men, and the Pope and King had done some enterprise [upon the] kingdom of Naples, and had promised the Venetians certain towns in that kingdom which they claim. The Venetians and the Pope's nephew have time to equip their horses for next year, the Emperor having closed the roads, and the Spaniards, "qui tiennent bonne par quoy le Roy ne se ... alliez nont garde de passer mais apayne gardera s[a] duchie de Millan ou il fait fort dangereulx et ... bien chier a ceste heure." * * * Has often cautioned him about Tournay and Calais, it is only England they are afraid of, "for they say you are the cause of all our evil." They are making friends everywhere to crush you.
Has seen the post leave today and the packet of old charters and treaties which are to be communicated to the King, that he may instruct the Bp. of Paris, the Grand Master Boysy and Master Robert Guedoyn, who came from Lyons when their mission was discharged, to meet the Flemings at Compiegne. The King greatly fears "you are allied with the Flemings, for there is no time that you [could better come] against us." There is nothing here, everything is beyond the [mountains]; if you come all is lost. The said charters and treaties have been taken out of Par[is] to send to the King at Lyons. The ambassador Bapaumes, who is with you, has ordered the lieutenant of the Castle of Tocque[ville] to be taken ... Likewise there are two religieux [who have brought] some letters. Paris, Thursday, 24 April.
Fr., pp. 3, badly mutilated.
25 April.
Vit. B. XIX. 49.
B. M.
1826. [SIR ROB. WINGFIELD] to WOLSEY.
Wrote on the .. of this month from Trent. The day after, letters arrived from the King, with [others] from the Emperor and the C[ardinal of Sion]. As the Emperor has just sent for him, writes only to transmit a letter for the King [from the] Cardinal, this instant put into his hands. Sends two [other letters] which he has just received from the Cardinal, from which the present state of affairs will so clearly appear that he trusts they will supply the defects of his own communication. Trent, XXV ... 1516.
Dated in margin in a modern hand: 1516, 15 April, Trent. S. Ro. Wingfeild.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: T[o] my lorde Cardinalls grace.
26 April.
Giust. Desp. I. 218.
1827. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the COUNCIL OF TEN.
On the 24th the Scotch ambassadors arrived, and one from the French King that had been residing in Scotland. They are commissioned to decide disputes with England. On the 17th letters arrived from France mentioning the Emperor's flight, and that he was out of Italy, to the great surprise of these lords. Probably this will induce England to change its policy, and not declare war. The French ambassador has been recalled. London, 26 April 1516.
26 April.
P. S.
1828. For HEN. SUTHEWORTH and HEN. PYKEMAN.
To be King's bowmakers, in survivorship, surveyors and keepers of the bows in the Tower of London, and in the Tower of Ireland, with a house and garden between "le Rownde Towre of the Artrie," on the west, and "le Kynges Lodging," on the east. Eltham, 9 April 7 Hen. VIII. Del. ..., 26 April.
Pat. 8 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
27 April.
Calig. B. I. 206.
B. M.
Ellis, 1 S. I. 129.
1829. MARGARET OF SCOTLAND to HENRY VIII.
Reached stony Stratford yesternight, "so being comforted of you in my journey in many and sundry ways that, loving be to our Lord God, I am in right good heal, and as joyous of my said journey toward you as any woman may be in coming to her brother." Received this day a letter from her son's ambassador in London, which she encloses. Sends copies of her two answers, desirous of knowing which she should send. Stony Stratford, 27 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: My dearest brother the King's grace. Endd.
Calig. B. VI. 105.
B. M.
1830. MARGARET QUEEN OF SCOTS.
"A remembrance of an information by me, Margaret Queen of Scots, to be shewed for my declaration to the ambassadors of Scotland."
(1.) When in Stirling castle with her children, the King of Scots and his brother, before the coming of the Duke of Albany the lords would have entered it, and been "stronger therein than I myself." (A clause struck out alleging that they would have taken her children from her.) (2.) After that, she "set a parliament, whereunto the lords disobeyed," invited Albany, and made him send tokens to her for marriage; which obliged her either to steal away and leave her children, or to marry there, "seeing the suspicion that the said Duke was in, and the pretence that his father made afore him to the crown of Scotland." (3.) On his coming Albany made her fair semblance, but afterwards proposed to take her children from her, accusing the Lord Drommonde, constable of Stirling Castle, because he "waffed his sleif at an harralde, and gave him upon the breast with his hand" for unbecoming deportment, saying that he came from the lords. (4.) After that, he committed the postulate of Arbroath to ward, because she and Henry had written to the Pope to give him the bishopric of Dunkeld, and would not release him, though she came down to Holyrood, and entreated him, "sore weeping;" which made her other councillors and servants leave her, except my Lord of Angus and the Lord Chamberlain. (5.) The Duke then appointed three lords to have the keeping of her children, as appears in her bill of supplication sent to Henry. (6.) "And for to saye that ever I was agreeable, content, or pleased that the said Duke of Albany should come into Scotland, or that ever he did justice or meddled with justice, but only vexed and troubled me and my friends, it appeareth in the said supplication."
Draft, pp. 2. Endd.. A remembrance of the Queen of Scots.
27 April.
Galba, B. VI. 26.
B. M.
1831. SPINELLY to HENRY VIII.
Wrote last on the 24th. This morning a post arrived with letters of the 17th from the Emperor, who was in a valley forty miles from Trente. His withdrawal arose from lack of money. When informed of Hedin's coming he was much comforted, and said he would return to Milan, which some here believe he will do. Finds, by what the Chancellor says, they wish these affairs of Italy to last three or four months, till the King arrive in Spain; still they give but slender help to the Emperor. Though it is published here that the French are in great terror, the Marquis of Brandenburg, with the Swiss, Mark Antony Colonna, and the lanzknechts lying between Milan and Pavia, yet ... many doubt if it is true. The council of Innspruck have written to Casius, that a new band of Swiss and Grisons have taken Como; the Venetians are in Pavia separated from the French. Bannisius writes that ambassadors have come to the Emperor from Hungary and Poland, urging him to go thither, as the late King of Hungary had left the Emperor tutor to his son. In passing by Venice, these ambassadors had charge to speak with his majesty for a peace. Chievres and the Chancellor leave in six or eight days for the meeting with the Frenchmen. The King goes to Artois two or three days after. Brussels, 27 April.
(fn. 3) P.S. Hearing various reports about the Emperor, as that he would go to Hungary, and that he had broken up his army, went to the Chancellor and demanded a "justification" of the lies reported by the King to the French. The Chancellor showed him a paper written in French by way of advertisement to the Emperor, "containing divers things that his majesty had made for the common weal, and specially of a new army; saying that the said majesty was not able to entertain the first and labored for the second." The Chancellor says he is a good and virtuous Prince, but does not consider the end of the enterprise;—that he expects he will return to Italy as soon as these last m[oneys] come to his hands. But what shall fortune in a month, God knows. Spinelly told him that but for the army in Italy, at the death of Ferdinand, the Prince might have lost his succession, and that they were bound to assist him. The Chancellor said they had done so, much more than their power is, and had commanded the Viceroy of Naples to send 500 or 600 spears against the Venetians. A letter of 2 April, from Harryera in Arragon, mentions that the captain of Perpignan had intercepted letters from the Archbp. of Arles, in French, to the "Infant of Fortune," offering the assistance of the French King to obtain the crown. Still they must keep on good terms with the French till the King arrives in Spain. Brussels, 27 April.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. and endd.
28 April.
Shrewsb. MSS.
A. F. 27.
Coll. of Arms.
Lodge's Illust.
I. 7.
1832. TH. ALEN to [the EARL OF SHREWSBURY].
This day, in company with the Earl's chaplain, delivered his lordship's letter to the Cardinal, which he read in his barge. Showed his credence touching the sickness of the Earl's servants, which daily continues, and desired to know when his presence would be required. The Cardinal said the King wished to have him up at Whitsuntide on account of the coming of the Queen of Scots, and the many ambassadors who are now here, "for that ye were the great officer of the King's household." Replied that this was impossible, considering the "contagious plague" among the Earl's servants. Was commanded to wait on the Cardinal again on Friday: "at which time I doubt not but ye shall have respite to the next term, for before his going to the King I will speak with him eftsoons." Has arranged this day with Lord Conyers that the Earl shall pay him 240l., viz. 100l. in hand, the rest at Martinmas; and Conyers will make the land as sure to the Earl as can be devised. My Lord of Buckingham (fn. 4) has asked him how the Earl fared, and says he intends to remain here all Whitsuntide. (fn. 5) "He takes his barge every day at Coldharbert when he cometh by water." A bill has been set upon Paul's door, and another on Lady Barkyn's, which touched the King and his Council, implying that strangers obtained much money from the King, and bought wools to the undoing of Englishmen. "Great displeasure is taken with the same: insomuch that in every ward one of the King's Council, with the alderman of the same, is commanded to see every man write that can; and further hath taken every man's book and sealed them, and brought them to Guildhall, there to examine them." The Bp. of Hertford (sic) is departed, and Dr. Bothe put in his place. The Master of the Rolls is departed, and Tunstall succeeds. The Abbots of St. Alban's and Bermondsey are dead. "They begin to die in London, in divers places, suddenly, of fearful sickness." Reminds the Earl to send up the obligation of Sir Wistan Browne. (fn. 6) Coldharbert, 28 April.
P.S.—"I have sent your lordship by this bearer one lb. of manus Christi, with corall, and halfepound of pouder preservatyve." (fn. 7)
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord.
28 April.
Vit. B. XIX. 58.
B. M.
1833. [SIR ROB. WINGFIELD to HENRY VIII]
Wrote last on the ... month "... divers letters that had been sent to me the same ... the Cardinal Sedunensis and divers other, and the 25th [day I wrote] to my lord Cardinal of York, and with the same a letter ... to him and twain that he sent to me the same day, [whereby it] hath appeared to your highness how everything stood at [that time]." Yesterday [the Emperor], having sent for him a Dutch mile out of this city, told him he had letters from Henry and his own ambassador in England, the contents of which he was "marvellous [glad]" to learn. He was much pleased at the renewal of the league made between Henry and the late Catholic King, of which he had that day heard, and hoped now for a settlement of the great and weighty things of Christendom, "whether he shall live to see the s[ame]." For many years he alone had resisted the unbridled tyranny of the French. The Friscobald's factors have "purveyed xl[mi ... ] 30,000 of the same in the way to be conveyed with dy[vers] ... for 10,000 of the same he had ordained ... Switzerland for the payment ... into the duchy of Milan, and also that he had sent [with dili]gence to Mesir Hedynge, of whose passage by Spiers the ... xjth day of this month he was also advised the same day, [ord]eynynge him to deliver to the messenger 5,000 crowns of the 20,000 that your highness doth send unto him by the said Mes. Hedynge, he to convey the same to the Earl of Kerlesekke, which is captain of the enterprise, which is forged not only for Lorraine, but also for France, and the possibility may serve."
The Cardinal and the Conte di Cariate have been sent to the army with 34,000 fl., of which 8,800 were forwarded by Friscobald to the Belsers of Augsburg, and 2,000 were borrowed by Wingfield in Trent; the rest have been laid out by James Fukker, at the desire of Cardinal Gource, at Augsburg. From the city of Bargamo 12,000 fl. had been procured. Hoped the Cardinal would arrive there this day at the furthest, by whose diligence he was sure the army would shortly set forward; and the enemy, finding themselves "frustrate of their opinion" that that army should dissolve for lack of payment, would make quick speed towards France. Trusts they will not escape without great damage, "for the Vermeskys (fn. 8) and Bykkeryis, with no small number of horsemen and footmen, wait for none other thing but to take them up fleeing; and on that other side the Swissers that do descend of new shall not fail to travell them yiff they will pass by Navarre and Vercellis." The mountains were never so impassable from the great snows, and there is great scarcity of victual both for horse and man. Hopes Kerlesekke will shortly do some feat in Lorraine, but fears ... "Then he shewed me that the Pope had destinate [the Cardinal of] Sancta Maria in Porticu his legate in Italy ... and that the said Cardinal had sent unto his majesty to [notify him of the] same, and also showing that and his majesty was ... within the limits of his jurisdiction," he would gladly visit him. The Emperor replied "that [he is not] yitt out of Italy or intendeth to depart out of it;" and arranged to meet him at Riva on the lake of Garde.
Begs to be recalled on account of his poverty, and to have some other office, however base. Trent, 28 April 1516.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Endd. Add.: To the King's most gracious highness.
29 April.
Vit. B. XIX. 59**.
B. M.
1834. [SIR ROB. WINGFIELD] to _
"Nowe at iiij. in the mornyng this xxviiij. daye of Apryll is brought the xxxti m florens mentioned in my letters written yester-even to ..., which sum I shall not fail to send with all diligence and surety to ... with the army, and this day the Emperor departeth from hence to ... [as] is also expressed in my said letters; the said sum is conveyed ... servants."
Hol.
30 April.
Calig. E. III. 108b.
B. M.
1835. NEWS from FRANCE.]
* * * "ance du Roy et de lArchedue sy ... seur de la Royne de Franc et ave[ques] ... de Naples duquel royaume le dit sieur fera ... escus, et sil ya enfans deulx le dit sieur ... mil escus chacun an au Roy. Et par ce ... des demaundes et droitz quil pretendoit ... somme, et de la duche de Bourgoingne et d[es autres] choses quil pourroit demander en France ... luy laisse la duche de Rousillon sans ... demander. Et par ce traicte aider lung a [lantre, pour] tons et contre tons. Et si doibt passer p ... Archiduc pour aller en Espayne et def ..." Has taken great trouble to discover the above agreement. You (England) will have to look to your own interest, for they mean to make you "trybuta[ires on vous] estes pensionnaires," but it will not be till the Archduke has obtained possession of Spain, and the King pacified his duchy of Milan, and settled accounts with the bankers from whom he has obtained great loans. On this account he has [imposed] a tax of a third, and dismissed 800, men [of arms]. He will demand confirmation of the treaty, and has summoned the presidents of all his kingdom to obtain their consent to place the Pragmatic Sanction in the Pope's hands, as he promised to do at Bologna. The French are greatly dissatisfied, and calculate that there will go to Rome in consequence every year XX ... thousand crowns. You are the cause of all this ... they have great fear of you, and mean to be revenged. Has advised the fortification of Calais; every avenue of the realm must be well guarded, and likewise Tournay, for they mean more mischief than you think. It is very needful to be circumspect, for the slightest departure from a treaty will be a pretext for war; although they do not mean to keep the treaties either with you or the Archduke, and the latter will not have Madame Renée. Desires the bearer may be sent back, in order that he may ascertain what is passing between the King and the Pope against England. There is no news of anything done by sea. The King will be at Paris by St. Martin's Day. The Queen will have a child in two or three months. They are determined to punish all who are against France or Burgundy. Amboise, 30 April. Signature burnt off.
P.S. mutilated so as to be unintelligible.
Fr., pp. 3, badly mutilated.
Shrewsb. MSS.
P. f. 24b.
Coll. of Arms.
1836. The EARL OF SHREWSBURY to _.
Thanks him for his continual kindness. Apologises for not writing, he and his servants having been so troubled with sickness that he could not send to London. Is sorry to hear that my Lord of Northumberland is committed to the Fleet. Hopes the King will shortly be good lord to him, and that the Earl will take no displeasure at it, as it might hurt himself. Desires to be commended to my said lord, "beseeching him of his good continuance in the matter that ye know of. Howbeit I dare not as yet be so bold to move the pilgrimage; for notwithstanding my lying here within this my lodge of Worsop with a small company with me, yet some of them do fall daily sick." Hopes when the plague is past "my said lord" will appoint a day for the pilgrimage. Will write to you to know my Lord's pleasure from time to time.
Corrected draft, p. 1.
April.
Calig. E. II. 73.
B. M.
1837. MOUNTJOY to [HENRY VIII.]
Rumor of the French King's death. Had sent a messenger to learn the certainty; who returned on the 8th; heard that the King of France is sending a large army to Scotland. Consequently he had gone to Vycount ... in Auvergne, where the Duchess of Albany is. Not being able to ascertain, went to Lyons on Easter Monday, 23 (24 ?) March,—stayed there till Saturday, where the French King went in procession, and "many times upon the water of Som with his young noblemen, casting oranges out of one boat into [an]other." He says it was commonly reported that the "procession was for to pray for the victory against the Emperor." The same day the King went barefoot, and wore a gown of silver tinsel. He saw the Queen at dinner, and the King's mother called the Regent. She and my lady of Bourbon bear the rule; the Lady of Vendosme is in less favore. There is a dispute for precedency among them "... councillors, the Chancellor and Mons. de Boy[sy] ... for other of the King's minions for pastime. [The] ... of Rousse, the Earl of Porcyon, nephew of the [Lord] Shevers, and Mons. de Baguene, son unto the Lord Peanes; Mons. de Denvers was well in fav[or for] a season, but now he is not so, his wildness is [so] outrageous." Friday, the 28th March, word came that the Emperor was before Milan. The French King swore a great oath he would go into those parts himself. The siege is attributed to England. He saw there Don Dego, ambassador of the King of Spain; took letters from him for Chievres and others. Has sent them to Ponynges. States that the men of war in all directions are eating and pilling the common people because they cannot get their wages, that piteous it is to see. A spy from Paris has informed him he heard a letter read from John d'Etaples, stating that Francis had so provided that England should fail of its purpose. Tournay, ... April. Signed.
Pp. 4, mutilated.
Vit. B. XX. 109.
B. M.
1838. [HENRY VIII.] to SIR EDW. PONYNGES an[d TUNSTAL].
By the cont[inue] of their letters dated the 3rd day of this instant month, perceives [the propositions] made by the Pope to the King of Castile ... notified to them by the said King's Council, concerning a league to be made between the Pope, the Emperor, England, and the King of [Castile], with a common contribution for the Swiss, so that they incline not to the [French]. Thanks them for their discreet behaviour. Are to declare to Chievres and the Chancellor this overture was first intimated by Henry to the Pope and ... some time since. The Pope doubtless told the King of Castile's ambassador in Rome; on which the Emperor, seeing its advantages, has declared himself agreeable to it, and wr[itten] to the Pope exhorting him to accept it, and sent his commission to his ambassador in England to conclude it. The Pope's commission is expected within b[rief] time. It will be expedient that the King of Castile authorize some person to conclude the confederation in England. No doubt the Pope and the Swiss will enter. Directions may be ta[ken] for the support of the Swiss by common contribution. If the King of Castile and [his] Council will consider of what advantage [the] separation of the Swiss from the French has been to his territories, [he will] speedily send his ambassadors to conclude the league. Had the French not been checked in Milan they would have entered Naples.
Draft in Ruthal's hand, pp. 2, mutilated.
R. MS. 13 B. II. 255.
B. M.
Adv. MS. 442.
Ep. Reg. Sc. I. 230.
1839. ALBANY to LEO X.
Recommends Alexander Stuart, his brother, of the diocese of St. Andrew's, commendatory of Incheffray, for the priory of St. Martin, Whithorne, void by the death of Prior Henry.
Lat.
R. MS. 13 B. II. 260.
B. M.
Adv. MS. 444.
Ep. Reg. Sc. I. 239.
1840. ALBANY to CARDINAL [OF CORTONA].
Has received his letter dated Bologna, 22d Jan, in which he asks that the Cistercian monastery of Glenluce may be restored, and royal letters given similar to the papal. Has referred the matter to the Council. On the death of Cuthbert Bailzie, the monastery was given first to the Card. St. Eusebius, and on his resignation in the Consistory to David Bp. of Lismore. Hears that his correspondent has hindered the sending of the bulls. Cannot comply with his request to allow Alex. Cunningham, monk of the monastery, to take it, as, for his misbehaviour, he has been decreed incapable of holding any office. Hopes that the bulls for the Bp. of Lismore will be speedily sent.
Lat.
Calig. E. I. 102.
B. M.
1841. ADVERTISEMENTS from FRANCE.
At his departure from Lyons in March the King was there intending a pilgrimage with his mother and sister. The Queen is said to be with child. The King is making great preparations against the arrival of the King of the Romans and Cardinal of Sion in Italy. Great levies are made. All will be ready about May. All the money which comes from—(de la bonere [d]u Roy) is staid in the hands of the treasurers, that the King may be well provided with money. Is informed by Dautragues that the King is going on a pilgrimage to Chamberi, to the "Sainct Suere," on foot, for the good news he has received out of Italy by letters of the 3d. At Lyons an ambassador named Le Diego Nu[ca] had come from the Archduke, and was well received; likewise an old ambassador from Venice. The Swiss cantons have promised that if he want footmen (que sil a affaires de p[ietons],) he shall have them for his money. The Duke of Savoy, the King's uncle, has been ten days at the court, very well received. The Bastard of Savoy is expected daily. News came yesterday that the King of the Romans had shamefully withdrawn. It is expected the King will return through Burgundy.
Fr., pp. 3, mutilated.
R. O.1842. "EXTRACTA de REBUS HELVETICTS."
On the departure of the ambassadors from the diet of Lucerne on the 26th and 27th March, there came certain Swiss captains with Galeazzo Visconti from the French camp. A new diet was held, and the Zurichers were asked. Fresh troops were demanded, seeing many had returned. All the cantons, except Berne, Fribourg and Solodoren, negatived the demand, and were inclined to break up the camp; as Holy Thursday is at hand, and the payment of the troops for the war in Italy is due, promised by Visconti to be drawn from the state of Milan. Unless the French, who have been led into this war by the absence of the Pope, are helped by Venetian money, all promises well. Commends the proclamation (proclama) of the Emperor for hiring 6,000 lanceknights, and the expedition of Fr. Zechna. On his declaring to his friends among the Swiss that he would go to the King of England and the Emperor, they altogether opposed it, fearing that by his absence the Zurickers would espouse openly the French cause. Has just heard that the Swiss are on their way to Novara and Vigevano. Thinks the French are retreating.
Lat., pp. 2.

Footnotes

1 22 April on Patent Roll.
2 Query, Galeazzo and Sion?
3 f. 29.
4 Misread "Suffolk," by Lodge.
5 What follows is in Allen's own hand.
6 Om. in Lodge.
7 The P.S. inaccurately printed in Lodge
8 Bergomasks ?