Henry VIII
August 1520

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Institute of Historical Research

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J. S. Brewer (editor)

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1867

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'Henry VIII: August 1520', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3: 1519-1523 (1867), pp. 345-355. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=91053 Date accessed: 25 October 2014.


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August 1520

R. O.934. LOUISE OF FRANCE to WOLSEY.
Mons. de Wimphilde (Wingfield) is returning, leaving all here satisfied with his good offices. He has conducted everything to the honor and exaltation of the King, and to Wolsey's reputation. Thinks there is none more worthy of having important affairs committed to him. He will be able to tell Wolsey everything at length. St. Germain en Laye.
Fr., hol., p. 1. Add.: Mons. le Cardinal dIort, mon bon fils.
[Calig. E. I. II.?] I. 202. B. M.935. FRANCIS I. to [HENRY VIII.]
Testimonial in behalf of the sieur de Doyngefyl, Henry's ambassador, on his return to England.
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p. 1.
R. O.936. INSTRUCTIONS to SIR RICHARD WINGFIELD and JERNINGHAM, ambassadors to the French King.
Jernyngham, on arriving in France, is to advertise Wingfield, and arrange with him about communicating their message to Francis. After delivering their letters of credence, they are to thank the King for sending letters and ambassadors so frequently since their interview, and to say that Jernyngham will take Wingfield's place as resident, as the latter has leave to return home on private affairs. The following account of overtures made by the councillors of the elect king of Romans must be discovered to none but the King, his mother and the Admiral, with a request that they be kept secret. Henry thinks that Francis will have been informed of the manner of the interview, "as well by his ambassador here resident as by Memorancye;" but Wingfield and Jerningham are to tell him the chief matters there treated on.
Soon after Henry's arrival at Calais, Chievres came, asking him to meet the king of the Romans at Bruges; but this was refused, not being consonant to the conventions made at Canterbury for a second interview, and being likely to hinder the amity between France and England. Henry offered, instead, to meet him at a place halfway between Calais and Gravelines, according to appointment. As the king of the Romans had visited England without any promise, Henry could do no less than visit him at Gravelines, where the King stayed one night, returning to Calais. Charles, the lady Margaret, and their trains remained from Wednesday night till Saturday morning; and during this time Chievres and the Chancellor proposed to break off the marriage between Charles and the French princess, making an offer for Henry's daughter, and undertaking to commence war against France four ways by land and sea, and not to desist until Henry had recovered his title and interest in the same, provided that he would break off the marriage between his daughter and the Dauphin, and would assist the King to pass by force through Italy and Milan to attain his crown. To this Henry answered, that as Chievres had bound his master by "an oath upon the Evangelies, and other many bands, forfeitures and penalties," to fulfil this marriage, he thought such a proposal strange, and that, if they wished to be trusted by him, they must observe their oaths to others; exhorting him to regard his master's conscience and honor, and desist from such practices. As they dissembled this marriage with France, and now wish to break it, he supposed they would similarly dissemble with him for their own interests, and then disappoint him. He dissuaded them from commencing a war with France, saying that if they did so he should assist France, and showing them how disadvantageous it would be, considering the rebellious state of Spain, and the King's minority and want of treasure. As Henry values the observance of his promise above all other earthly things, he could never listen to such proposals, but exhorted Chievres to study the ways of honor and peace, and not to proceed to the recovering of the crown imperial by force, although the princes of the empire desired it, because they were poor, and wished to benefit themselves by war; but, if they lacked entertainment, their love would soon be turned to enmity. It would be better to recover the crown by politic means, with the advice of his friends; for marching an army through Milan must be considered as an invasion, and Henry was bound to assist Francis against invasion, just as he is bound to assist Charles; whereby the old amity between England and Burgundy would be "empeached, and percase dissolved." After long debate, the King, by the advice of the lady Margaret and others, agreed to follow Henry's counsel; so that none of these overtures were concluded. Charles, however, caused all the former treaties between England and Burgundy to be examined by the council; and one was found, concluded between the Pope, Henry, the late Emperor and Charles, for mutual assistance "supra possessis et possidendis." Chievres tried to prove that this bound England to assist his master to recover his crown, but it was determined that the treaty was void by the death of Maximilian; so all their hopes of aid from the King were frustrated. All the other treaties for mutual assistance against invasion were approved without any innovation, except the appointment of a diet, to be held at Calais within eighteen months by commissioners, to settle the tolls and customs which are to be demanded according to the treaties of intercourse and merchandize.
Here follows a paragraph, crossed out, commissioning Jerningham to disclose the other practices and overtures of Chievres, according to a writing which the King has given him. He is first to obtain from Francis a promise of secresy, and is on no account to part with the writing.
Francis will have perceived by this account the entire love and affection that Henry bears towards him; and the King looks for no recompense but correspondence of semblable love, plainness and constant dealing, feeling sure that, according to his last courteous letter, he will take no new steps, either about the marriage of Charles with his daughter, or in arranging with him for the attaining of the imperial crown, without Henry's express knowledge and consent. The ambassadors must endeavor to obtain some writing promising to do nothing in these matters without Henry's consent, unless they hear from the King that it is already obtained. The King has heard from Wingfield that Francis wishes his ambassador resident at Rome to associate in open places with the English ambassador, that the friendship between their masters may outwardly appear. Henry is quite agreeable to this; but as a similar request has been made by the king of the Romans, it would be better for the three to associate together openly. He is desirous, however, that there should be other secret intelligence between the English and French ambassadors, that the Pope may evidently perceive the mutual love of their masters. He will not take any steps in the matter till he hears Francis's pleasure.
Draft, corrected by Ruthal, pp. 16.
Calig. E.
I. 27.
B. M.
937. BONNYVET to [WOLSEY].
Francis sends the bailly [of Caen] to Henry to hear news of him. On the arrival of Jerningham, he and Wy[ngfield] made a proposition to Francis touching the fortifications of Ardre, which the French king found very strange. Rom[orantin,] ... Signed.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 2.
2 Aug.
R. O.
938. CHRISTOPHER ROSSE, of London, merchant.
Petition concerning an action which Thos. Hurdson, skinner, has commenced against him in the Sheriff's Court, London. Hurdson had given him 40l. 16s. 5d. to spend in skins in Spain, engaging to pay all customs and other expenses on condition that the first expense should not exceed a certain sum. Rosse spent 31l. 16s. 6d. in white and black "bugge," the packing and customs of which amount to 14l. 13s. 9½d. Hurdson not only refuses to allow him this difference, but denies having received 300 white "bugge" and 100 black "bugge," which Rosse can prove to have been delivered by him.
P. 1. On the dorse: A statement that Nic. Tewe, of London, grocer, owes to Edmond Clayson, of Antwerp, 105l. st., or 157l. Flemish, by a bill of exchange, which money was delivered to Tewe on 14 July and 2 Aug. "MVc, in the 12th year of the King that now is."
2 Aug.
Vit. B. III.
63.
B. M.
939. LAUR. DE GORRE[VOD] to [WOLSEY].
Thos. Spinelly will testify to the interest he has taken in the union of the two crowns. Begs [Wolsey's] favor in behalf of his brother, the bishop of Maurienne, at the ensuing creation of cardinals. Ghent, 2 Aug. '20. Signed.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
3 Aug.
R. O.
St. P. II. 38.
940. SURREY to WOLSEY.
Ireland is in peace, except O'Nele. There is marvellous death in all this country, "which is so sore that all the people be fled out of their houses into the fields and woods, where they in like wise die wonderfully; so that the bodies lie dead, like swine, unburied." Wishes to have leave to send his wife and children into Wales or Lancashire, to remain near the seaside till this death cease. Begs letters of thanks may be sent to Ormond, and to Sir William Darcy, who has been very useful to him. Anxiously desires a letter, "for never sith my departure from London I had letter from the King's grace nor you; and also to continue my good lord; and during my life, to the uttermost of my little power, I shall endeavour myself to serve and please the King's grace and you." Dublin, 3 Aug.
Hol. Add.
3 Aug.
Vit. B. IV.
67.
B. M.
941. SIL. BISHOP OF WORCESTER to WOLSEY.
Had informed him by Silvester [Darius] of the news. The Pope has delayed the creation of the cardinals till the coming of Morette. Four days ago the list was settled, and the writer was among the number, when the Pope took the fever. There is no danger, but he is very corpulent and full of ill humors, which cause apprehension. Begs Wolsey will continue his exertions and write letters in his favor according to the tenor sent by Silvester. Rome, 3 [Aug. (fn. 1) 1520.] Signature burnt off.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated. "Tho. card. Ebor. Angl. Mag., cancellario ac sedis apostolicæ legato."
4 Aug.
R. O.
942. PACE to WOLSEY.
As the King has heard that the great sickness is still prevalent at Abingdon and other villages towards Woodstock, he has changed his "gystes," as you will perceive by the enclosed bill. Encloses also, by the King's order, a supplication concerning the loan of 1,000l., and its repayment. The King hunts from morning till evening, unless prevented by the rain, of which we have had more than enough today. Windsor, 4 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
6 Aug.
Vit. B. IV.
64.
B. M.
943. HIPPOLITUS CARDINAL [OF FERRARA] to WOLSEY.
He and his brother the Duke have learned the interest shown by Wolsey in their affairs at the late congress. Ferra[ra], 6 Aug. 1520. Signed.
Lat., mutilated, p. 1. Add.
7 Aug.
Er. Ep. XIV.
10.
944. ERASMUS to WOLSEY.
Had gone a long journey to Calais, and stayed several days in hopes of an interview with Wolsey, who was so much occupied, that after the first salutation Erasmus did not like to break in upon him. Is anxious to dedicate some book to Wolsey. Lee has greatly irritated the German nation. Recommends a monk of Mt. Sinai, (fn. 2) who is desirous of collecting subscriptions for the relief of his monastery, which has been plundered by the Saracens. In the Low Countries he has met with little success, either because they are poor and grasping, or the whole trade of indulgences is in bad repute. He hopes to be more successful in England. Antwerp, 7 id. August. 1520.
8 Aug.
R. O.
945. BISHOP OF WORCESTER to WOLSEY.
Wrote last on the 15th ult., since which no letters have arrived either from the King or Wolsey, though it was expected, particularly by the Pope, that they would inform him of what was concluded at the interviews, or at least at that with the Emperor, and that now Wolsey had returned to London he would send an answer to what Worcester had written to him in the Pope's name. Is afraid the Pope will be angry at this, especially at the neglect of the matters mentioned in the letters from England, and which Worcester had charged Silvester Darius to explain to Wolsey.
The French ambassador came to him lately, saying that he had been ordered to give every assistance, both in public and private, in matters concerning the King or Wolsey. Thanked him, and made him similar offers, and repeated them in visiting him subsequently.
On the 14th Captain Morett arrived, who made similar offers to those of the said ambassador, praising the King and Wolsey in the Pope's presence and elsewhere. To this the Pope listened kindly, and they had a long conversation about the interview. Among other things he asked for the promotion of the archbishops of Toulouse and Sens to the cardinalate, and that this dignity might be refused to the bishop of Liege, for whom the Emperor desires it. The Pope would grant the Emperor's request if he was sure it would not displease the king of England, and is in great perplexity, the more so as the French demand the prorogation of their legateship to the unusual term of two years. As he has no hope of protection from England, he will be obliged to comply with these and other unlawful requests. Will daily send word of the progress of these affairs. "Rex Gallorum significavit in Italiam venire velle jamque suis capitaneis indixit ut sibi adsistant. Pontifex cum non intelligat et regiam et vestræ reverendissimæ dominationis mentem, nescit quo suum iter tendere debeat."
Thanks him for the triple letters for his promotion obtained by Wolsey's influence. Rome, 8 Aug. 1520. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, part cipher. Add. Endd.
8 Aug.
R. O.
946. PACE to WOLSEY.
Sends, by the King's order, the letters from his lieutenant in Ireland, "the contents whereof, in all parts, doth not mislike me." The messenger who brought them will deliver these with other Irish letters for you. My lady Princess will be sent to Richmond again, on account of the reports of the sickness at Woodstock. "My lord Marquis is this day come to the court, with legs not so meet for the hunting, as is his Kendal coat, quia laborat podagra." Windsor, 8 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
9 Aug. Nero, B. VI.
26. B. M.
947. DE MORETTE to WOLSEY.
Has reported to the Pope Wolsey's exertions in bringing about the meeting and alliance between the kings of England and France. Has written to Henry. Rome, 9 Aug. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: "A monseigneur, mgr. reverendissime le Cardinal d'Yorck."
11 Aug.
[Calig. E. I. II.?] 258. B. M.
948. OLIVIER DE LA VERNADE [SIEUR DE LA BASTIE] to [WOLSEY].
Complains that Jerningham (who with himself had received directions, by a messenger sent from Calais by Wolsey, to remonstrate with Francis against the fortification of Arde by Mons. de Chastillion, as a deed much suspected in England,) had exceeded his commission. Calls to Wolsey's remembrance that he had never promised that the King would abandon the fortifications on his departure from Arde;—that upon his interview with Wolsey, in reply to Vernade's observation that these fortifications were necessary for the security of the King's person and the Queen's, Wolsey had said, he thought when the King had left Arde there would be no further occasion for them. Begs Wolsey to write in his justification. Rouen, 11 Aug. Signed.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 2.
12 Aug.
Adv. MS. 68.
949. CARDINAL CORTONA to ALBANY.
Has received his letters dated Paris, 6 July. Regrets to give Albany so much trouble. Is very thankful that the arrangement is as much to his own advantage as to that of Gawin Dunbar; and although he had not intended to give up the priory without a sufficient recompense in Italy, or at least a pension, to the value of the fruits exceeding 1,000 ducats, being paid by Alexander, and security (bancaria cautio) given in Rome, Albany's kindness has compelled him to acquiesce in a pension of 250 ducats, on surety being given in the Apostolic Chamber by the said Gawin and four prelates, and certain other conditions, which Albany's servant Thomas [Hayes] carries in a schedule. Trusts that Albany will some day procure him, by his influence with the French king, benefices in Lombardy of a much greater value than this priory. Rome, 12 Aug. 1210 [1520].
Lat., copy, pp. 2.
12 Aug.
R. O.
950. PACE to WOLSEY.
The King leaves tomorrow, intending "to keep such gists" as I mentioned in my last letters. He is advised not to go to Woodstock, as the way is so foul and tedious. While writing, asked the King if he had anything to send. He said he had no news to send, but his most hearty recommendations. The King rises daily, except on holy days, at 4 or 5 o'clock, and hunts till 9 or 10 at night. He spares no pains to convert the sport of hunting into a martyrdom. Has nothing better to write about. Windsor, 12 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. The latter half Latin. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
13 Aug.
R. O.
951. TUNSTAL to WOLSEY.
This afternoon Marygnye the French ambassador arrived here. Has told him that Wolsey wishes to see him before he waits on the King, the better to arrange matters between Henry and Francis. He will visit Wolsey on Friday next, but cannot leave earlier, as his horses have not come, and he must buy more. Meautys will conduct him, and they will arrive on Sunday, unless Wolsey is further advanced on his journey than they anticipate. Received yesterday his letters dated Ipswich, mentioning the coming of the bishop of Helna and Mons. de la Roche. Will "hearken of their coming," and do as Wolsey bids. London, 13 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord card. of York, [le]gate de latere, primate [and] chancellor of [Engla]nd.
14 Aug.
R. O.
952. TUNSTAL to WOLSEY.
This hour Meautys is come from the French ambassador, stating that this afternoon a post has come to him from France, announcing the arrival of the "baly off Cane" at "Bolein on Sunday last, intending in haste to come to the King's grace.' Meautys desires to know Wolsey's pleasure as to the proceedings. "If your grace write to the Ambassador, he is lodged at The Falcon in Gracious Street. I advertise your grace thereof, forasmuch as on Sunday afternoon I ride out of the town for three or four days. If your grace direct your letter to Mr. Meautys, he tarrieth in London within the Friars Austins." London, 14th day. (fn. 3)
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord card. of York, legate de latere, primate and chancellor, &c.
R. O.953. MONTMORENCY to [SIR RIC.] WINGFIELD.
Is sending to Mons. de Marigny the box and the prescription for the powder for the Cardinal, of which he has before spoken. Asks to be recommended to him. Has heard nothing of the proposition they talked about at Oynczor (Windsor). Desires him to tell the King that the reason he did not receive Montmorency's small present immediately, was because the bailly of Rouen is very ill and likely to die. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.. A Mons. Doinfil en Angleterre. Endd.
15 Aug.
R. O.
954. ROBERT LORDE to WOLSEY.
Wrote in his last letter that the customer of Sandwich said he was unable to pay Wolsey's warrant. Fearing Wolsey's displeasure, he has now written to say he will make shift to do so, if Lorde will send for the money. Will go himself for it tomorrow, and pay those who have done service. 28l. will be still owing to masters and owners of ships, for transporting Wolsey's retinues. Asks leave to go home when he has done this. His "unthrifty servant" is still in sanctuary. Calais, this day of the blessed Assumption of Our Lady.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate his good grace.
16 Aug.
Vit. B. IV. 64*. B. M.
955. GERARD DE PLEINE, SIEUR DE LA ROCHE, to THOS. [LARKE].
Gives an account of his proceedings in a suit for the recovery of certain damages done by one Raussen. Sends his respects to Wolsey. Begs that Wolsey will give his commands (demandet) to him and the bishop of Helna, as most agreeable to the Emperor. London, 16 Aug. 1520.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. "Nobili [et] spectabili viro, meo amico c[arissi]mo ... Thomæ ... neg ... can ... illustrissimi ... Ebor."
16 Aug.
S. B.
956. For JOHN VEER EARL OF OXFORD.
Livery of lands, as heir of John the late Earl, being son of Sir Geo. Veer, deceased, brother to the late Earl. Del. Norwich, 16 Aug. 12 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 25.
18 Aug.
R. O.
957. T. RUTHAL BISHOP OF DURHAM to WOLSEY.
Was settled at the More, intending to wait there till Wolsey's return, but Sir Wm. Compton sent him word to attend on the King, as there were but few councillors with him. Came to Newbury on Friday 17th, the King being at Yatondene, Mr. Norrys's place, and received a message about midnight by a yeoman of the guard to attend on the King at seven next morning. On coming into his presence, he told Ruthal the matters comprised in his other letter, bidding him write to Wolsey for his advice. The King is not contented with the difficulty made by the French king in forbearing the fortifying of Arde, and wishes to know Wolsey's opinion. He has disclosed that matter to no one but Ruthal. Tonight the King is at Mr. Darell's place, and intends to proceed on his progress. There is no other news here, but goodly pastimes and continual hunting. Is lodged with my lord of Sarum. Will write from time to time when there is news, as there is no other remedy but to attend continually in this voyage. Ramysbury, Saturday, 18 August.
After the other letter was sent, the King told him to inquire particularly after Wolsey's health and good success in his journey.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
22 Aug.
Vit. B. IV. 65.
B. M.
958. CAMPEGGIO to [WOLSEY].
Had sent him [no] letters so long as Florian was with him. Has received from Florianus an exact narrative of all the magnificent doings between the two Kings. His letters have been read with great avidity by the Cardinals. Has also heard of Wolsey's promotion to the bishopric of Badajos. He and Worcester obtained leave of the Pope for the remission of the annates (?). Thanks Wolsey for having used his influence with the Emperor and De Croy to secure for him the protectorate of the German nation. Is much interested in the result. Had received it from the emperor Maximilian, and it is not considered transferable. There is a report that Campeggio will be sent by the Pope to Germany. Has heard nothing of it from the Pope, but knows that he would send a legate if the Emperor would ask for one, as others have done before him. Thinks that Wolsey should suggest to him that it would be for his honor to have a legate at his coronation, for which the writer would be a very suitable person, as having had much experience of Germany in the time of Maximilian. As the coronation takes place at Aix in October, no time must be lost.
Morette has been sent from France to the Pope to give an account of the meeting of the two Kings. He says the union between the two sovereigns is so great that nothing can break it, and urges the Pope to make the archbishop of Toulouse, lord of Longueville, a cardinal. Supposes Wolsey knows of the tumults in Spain, where the Emperor will return immediately after his coronation. Some think it is a rumor to frighten the rebels, and diminish the expectation of his coming to Italy. Francis, his wife and mother, are coming to Milan. The summer has been so hot that he has often wished for the temperature of England. The Pope will go to some place in the neighbourhood to hunt. Rome, 22 Aug. 1520.
Hol., Lat., pp. 4.
23 Aug.
Er. Ep. XIV. 4.
959. ERASMUS to LUPSET.
Was delighted to find that the news of Lupset's illness was exaggerated. Has written a brief sketch of Colet's biography in a letter; if it be not so graphically expressed as it ought to be, Lupset must partly bear the blame for not giving Erasmus more complete information of the characteristics of the man; a task no one could better execute than he. Approves of his taking Colet for an example, provided he uses due judgment: "nec enim omnibus omnia congruunt;"—especially Colet's practice of preaching the gospel gratuitously. But Erasmus does not approve of Lupset's resolution to follow Colet's rigid abstinence, which may lay the foundation of such complaints in his youth as will render old age a burthen. Begs to be remembered to his father and mother, and the two Williams, Gonell, Dancaster, and Gerard, Colet's steward. Bruges, 10 kal. Sep. 1520.
23.
[Calig. E. II.] IV. 255. B. M.
960. BONNIVET to [WOLSEY].
Has received his letter by the bailly of Caen, and understood his communication touching the fortification of Arde, and his reasons for desiring that it should not proceed. The King and Madame are greatly astonished at his request, and are dissatisfied with the pertinacity of England in this respect. They have done everything to satisfy Wolsey's scruples. Has used every effort with Madame to settle this matter amicably, and has at last prevailed upon the King, who will send a gentleman to England to explain his intentions, which he trusts will be agreeable. Hopes England will offer some acknowledgment. Madame will not write to you, but commend this affair to you by the abovesaid gentleman. St. Germain en Laye, 23 ... Signed.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 4.
25 Aug.
R. O. St. P. II. 40.
961. SURREY and the COUNCIL OF IRELAND to HEN. VIII.
Have invaded the country of O'Nele, as Sir John Wallop will report. Have received no letters from the King or the Cardinal. Require money. Dublin, 25 Aug. Signed: T. Surrey; Will. Dublin'; J. Rawson, prior of Kyllman'; John Stile; Patrik Bermynghem, judge.
Add.
27 Aug.
R. O. St. P. II. 41.
962. SURREY to WOLSEY.
Sir John Wallop is sent to the King. Intends to assemble the council to devise for causes concerning the King's profit, and for acts of parliament. Dublin, 27 Aug.
The bishop of Cork is dead. The see is said to be worth 200 marks a year. Recommends it be given to some Englishman. The bishop of Leyghlyn (Halsey) might do good service. "I beseech your grace that none of this country have it, nor none other but such as will dwell thereupon, and such as dare and will speak and ruffle when need shall be."
Hol. Add.
27 Aug.
R. O.
963. JOHN STILE to WOLSEY.
Has received no news since his last, except that "the great O'Nell brake his promise and appointment before made with my lord Admiral, the King's lieutenant," for which his territory has been invaded. Has great trust in Wolsey. Wants money. The King's retinue is paid a month beforehand. If the money be not forthcoming, sees not how they can live, "for here they cannot borrow." The courts could not be held on account of the sickness. Dublin, 27 Aug. 12 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: My lord Cardinal, &c.
29 Aug.
R. O.
St. Pap. VI. 62.
964. SPINELLY to [WOLSEY].
Wrote on the 17th and 18th. On Saturday after St. Bartholomew's day, the Emperor returned to Brussels, and the lord marquis (Arschot) yesternight. The three dukes of Almain returned to their country, promising to be at Acon (AIX) again, little satisfied with their reception by the Marquis, who is not popular with the Almains. The Elector of Mayence is not coming to Brussels. The meeting at Acon will be about Michaelmas, but the preparations are slow from want of money. In consequence of the insurrection in Spain, everything depends upon the Almains, who are not easily moved. The Emperor resolves to be at Acon, notwithstanding the timidity of the Marquis. He will not be able to go into Italy until the latter end of next summer.
The cardinal of Tortosa urges the Emperor to return to Spain, as nothing else can preserve it. Toledo and Madryll sent such assistance to Sogovia that the Alkalde was obliged to retire, at which the Emperor is not pleased. The popular cause is secretly supported by the marquis de Villayne, duke Delymphantase and the count Doronia. It is thought the estates will assemble at Avilla. Some think they will "swear the Queen again," and take her out of the place where she now is; but her indisposition is such, Spinelly thinks she can do neither good nor evil. By the news out of France, it seems that the French king is preparing another expedition against Italy. The Viceroy of Naples writes that this will lose the Emperor all his friends, and endanger the realm if the Emperor tarry in Almain. On Spinelly's complaining that the provost of Utrecht had been sent ambassador to France, they answered it was against their will.
Francis is fortifying Ardres. Peter Navarre demands 100,000 ducats for a lordship of which he is deprived by the king of Arragon. This is supposed to be done by France to provoke a quarrel. The cardinal of Sion is expected every day. Complaints of English cloth being sold at Antwerp by the merchants of the Steelyard, who are in bad odour with the Emperor and the king of Denmark in consequence of their extortions. A Scotch ship has arrived at Camfere in Selond, which left Edinburgh on the 21st, with two servants on board belonging to the archbishops of St. Andrew and Glasgow. They are going to the French king to procure the return of Albany. Will advertise Sir Richard Jerningham, the ambassador to France, of it tomorrow. Lord Bwren has broken his leg. Count Porcen marries this week the prince of Semay's (C. de Croy) daughter. Brussels, 29 August. Signed.
Er. Ep. XVI. 1.965. ERASMUS to MORE.
Narrates a dispute he had with Nicholas of Egmont, who had publicly abused him in a sermon;—his absurdities, impatience and ignorance. Condemns his coarse abuse, and that of similar theologians, who would listen to no reason or justification. Account of Standishe's attack upon him before the court. Louvain, 1520.
Cott. App.
XXIX. (59.)
B. M.
966. HECTOR DE VICQUEMARE to _
The Scotch ambassador has returned to Scotland to prepare for the reception of Daubigny, who is supplied with four gallions built by Albany at Honfleur, well furnished with artillery. Eight more are building for the same purpose. They profess it is to put an end to the disputes of the nobles there, but it really is to employ England, as the King Catholic is enterprising against France. Lautrec and the Grand Ecuyer are [beyond] the mountains. The duke of Lorraine has gone to his [own country]; his brother to the Almains; the son of Rob. De la Marche for Swiss and lanzknechts. The King has seven of the cantons. Bourbon has gone to put his affairs in order. The King is going to Lyons. De la P ... is at the palace. The marquis of Saluces and Boucal have set off. Posts continually go and come from the Pope.
Cott. App. XXIX. (60.)The King has hopes of being made Emperor before a year is over. Many of his household will not have their beards till then. The cost of life and money will be great. Rouen is to be fortified. A great ship is building at Harfleur. Begs him not to communicate his letters to any except those who know nothing of matters hereabouts. Many have got into trouble through members of the King's household. He may communicate them, however, to the Deputy and others at Calais. One has been withdrawn (retiré) who was in the service of Count ..., and who has but one leg. He is now at Paris, and has been well paid by the king of France, like many others. Writes this out of love to the King. Many of the officers at Calais tell him he ought not to fail "de vous ..."
Cott. App. XXIX. (61.) B. M.It is now seven years since he served the King in Picardy against Lewis XII. Has endured many perils, and three times been made prisoner. Did many services to Suffolk and Wingfield when ambassadors at Paris; informed them of the preparations made in Britanny to be sent into Scotland; warned them against the priest who intended to betray the King's army at the war in Picardy; and despatched messengers to Calais several times to warn them of the preparations that were making. Had been promised a pension of 10 gold crowns a month, and a reward besides by Wingfield the deputy. "Au moyen desquelles prom[esses ?]," the King had given him at Calais 20 angels, and told him he would take him into his service. Has received no money from June last, the Cardinal having ordered his pension to be stopped. The priest who bears this letter, like himself, is reduced to extremities. Begs he may be employed, "car sans estre entretenu [en] gaiges je ne scaueroye suyvir la co[ur n]y entretenir et aler dela les Mons. ... ou le tout sen va." St. Germain en Laye, XX ... Aug. Signed.
P.S.—Begs him not to give up his name.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 8.
Aug./GRANTS.967. GRANTS in AUGUST 1520.
4. Sir John Raynesford, Humph. Wyngefeld, John Strangman, Wm. Wyott, John Crystemas, jun., John Coksale, John Clere, John Heron, Th. Batecok, John Stonard, and John Maykyn. Licence to alienate the manor of Southall, and lands in Raynham, Wennyngton, Alveley, Upmynstre, and Okyngton, to Ric. bishop of Norwich, Sir Ric. Broke, justice of Common Pleas, Wm. Styllyngton, clk., Ric. Redemayn, clk., Wm. Neuton, clk., Rob. Broun, Th. Godsalve, Ric. Belamy, and their heirs. Westm., 4 Aug.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
8. Sir Edw. Donne and Sir John Daunce. To be parkers of the park of Risburgh Principis, Bucks, in survivorship, with 2d. a day, and herbage and pannage; rent, 26s. 8d. Also pardon for receiving the profits of the herbage from the first day of the reign. Del. Ipswich, 8 Aug. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
10. Rob.Park, of Great Horkyslegh, Essex. Pardon for killing Hugh Cuttyng, in selfdefence, at Boxford, Suffolk. Westm., 10 Aug.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19.
12. Barnard Grete, late clerk of the "chekk" at Tournay. Licence to export 400 broad cloths before Michaelmas 1522, free of duty. Windsor Castle, 12 Aug. 12 Hen. VIII. (No date of delivery.)—P.S. Fr. m. 2 (date not given).
17. Sir John Leigh. Licence to found a chantry of one chaplain at St. Stephen's altar in Goddishill Church, Isle of Wight, to pray for the King and Queen, and for Leigh and Agnes his wife. Also to alienate possessions of the annual value of 10l. to the chaplain. Del. Westm., 17 Aug. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 15.
21. Rob. Bayard, of Launde Abbey, Leic., drover. Protection for five years; going in the retinue of Sir John Peechie, deputy of Calais. Monastery of Reading, 14 Aug. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Bishop's Lynn, 21 Aug.—P.S. Fr. m. 2.
21. John Southall, yeoman of the Guard. To have the fee of the crown, being 6d. a day, vice Oliver Torner, deceased. Westm., 21 Aug.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18.

Footnotes

1 September, according to marginal note written before the fire.
2 Probably it is to this period that the letter mentioned in vol. i. no. 5,728. should be referred.
3 No month given.