Henry VIII
January 1524, 16-31

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Institute of Historical Research

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Author

J. S. Brewer (editor)

Year published

1875

Pages

15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34

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'Henry VIII: January 1524, 16-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4: 1524-1530 (1875), pp. 15-34. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=91185 Date accessed: 16 September 2014.


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January 1524

16 Jan.
R. MS.
13 B. II. 320.
B.M.
33. JAMES V. to CLEMENT VII.
Has nominated to the preferments now vacant, but had no intention of granting any exemption to the suffragans of St. Andrew's. Requests the Pope to preserve the superiority of that see in the next promotion to the abpric. of Glasgow, and issue briefs to guard its rights against the present Archbishop, the Chancellor of the kingdom, who bears the rule next to the Governor. Refers him further to card. St. Eusebius. Edinburgh, 16 Jan. 1523.
Lat., p. 1, copy.
R. MS.
13 B. II. 321.
B.M.
Ep. Reg. Sc. I.
342.
34. JAMES ARCHBISHOP OF ST. ANDREW'S to the CARD. ST. EUSEBIUS.
The King is writing to the Pope, to prevent any derogation from the primacy and legatine authority of the see of St. Andrew's; and desires the Cardinal to further his suit. James bishop of Murray contends that he is exempt from the Primate's jurisdiction. Desires that he and the future archbishop of Glasgow be commanded, under censure, to yield the accustomed obedience. Edinburgh.
Lat., copy.
17 Jan.
R.O.
St. P. VI. 239.
35. CLEMENT VII. to HENRY VIII.
When about to send Campeggio to the diet at Nuremberg, heard with pleasure of Henry's determination to send ambassadors thither. Has ordered his legate to consult with them. The Pope will not allow Henry's interests to suffer by Campeggio's absence. Rome, 17 Jan. 1524, 1 pont.
Lat., vellum. Add. Endd.
18 Jan.
Vit. B. VII.
26 b.
B. M.
St. P. VI. 241.
36. BOURBON to HENRY VIII.
* * * As he was waiting to start, Beaurain brought him his commission from the Emperor to continue as his lieutenant where he is. Has accepted the charge, and regrets therefore that he cannot come to England. Genoa, 18 Jan.
Hol., Fr., mutilated. Add.
18 Jan.
Vit. B. VI. (1)
(App. xxix.)
B. M.
37. BOURBON to WOLSEY.
* * * ... "de ... ennemis, s ... ier qu ... sent en bon ... q ... cons[fiant que fe]rez marche[r vostre] armee qui sera ... ne que no[s ennemis] viendron[t a la raison] ... entreprinse."
Everything depends on Wolsey. His great cordiality shows that this hope is not ill founded. Asks him to send news, and promises to do the like. Gennes, 18 Jan. Signed.
Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: A, &c., le legat d'Angleterre. Endd.
18 Jan.
Nero, B. VI. 52.
B.M.
38. CHARLES [DUKE OF BOURBON] to the COUNT DE PONTHIEVRE.
Has already informed him of his arrival here, and the cause of his tarrying. When on the point of leaving, Mons. de Beaurain with Lurcy brought him the best news he could wish, that if he desired to execute "I'affaire que sçavez," he would be well received "par de la," and Beaurain would accompany him. If he wished to stay, the Emperor made him lieutenant-general of his army, both by sea and land. Has accepted this charge. Ponthievre must urge the king [of England] to bring his army into the field. The enemy cannot oppose him without leaving his frontiers undefended, or recalling his Italian army into France; which if they do, Bourbon will pursue them; if not, and the Emperor push on from Guienne into Picardy, it will bring France to reason. Genoa, 18 Jan.
"Mon bon cousin," the Emperor, has written to Ponthievre by Beaurain. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.: "A mon bon cousin mons. le conte de Ponthievre et de Bloys."
18 Jan.
R.O.
39. JOHN PALSGRAVE.
Indenture, dated 18 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII., between John Palsgrave, prebendary of St. Paul's, and Ric. Pynson, citizen and stationer, London, for the printing of a book named "Lez le Clarissimaunt (I' Eclaircissement) de la lange Frauncois," containing three books, with certain tables and a French vocabulist. Palsgrave will pay 6s. 8d. for each ream of paper, 20 quires; 750 copies are to be printed, of which Pynson shall have as many as, at a price agreed between them, will pay him at the above rate.
Clauses to be inserted that Pynson shall not print more than 750 till that number is sold, and that Palsgrave shall deliver the copy from time to time truly corrected. (fn. 1)
Draft in Cormwell's hand, corrected by Palsgrave, pp.3. Endd.
20 Jan.
E. S. Cypriani,
Ep. Gothanæ,
No. VI.
BaroniusXXXI.
428.
40. HENRY VIII. to FREDERICK, JOHN, and GEORGE, DUKES OF SAXONY.
Thinks it would be unkind not to advise them in a matter which concerns not only their honor, but also their fortunes. What can be more the duty of powerful and devout princes than to restrain the Lutheran faction, which will produce the greatest mischief unless resisted by the good and pious. Does not consider Luther likely to impose upon the good and prudent, for his impious writings would shock their ears, but he knows that there always is a rabble, of which the most foolish are the most apt leaders. Formerly he wrote some things not altogether bad, but he has so progressed for the worse that his former laudable works seem intended to render saleable his poison. Supposes now that there is no one with a spark either of brains or piety who has not cast out of his mind him and his madness. He began by discussion, then grew angry, and in his last book against the King surpasses all his previous fury and folly. Cannot answer the book, as he writes nothing to the purpose, giving ravings instead of reasons. Any one who fairly reads the King's book and his will easily judge that Luther's follies have been sufficiently answered. Though conscious of his own weakness, Henry knew that his cause was invincible, but now his adversary has shown the whole world that he can find nothing but cavils and abuse in answer to his reason. He is mistaken if he thinks that the King is moved thereby. Does not mind being called mad by a madman. Supposes that they are more moved than he is by this abuse; for although the abuse of himself did not touch him, he felt very indignant at Luther's blasphemy against the Emperor and other German princes, in suggesting that the safe-conduct given to him to go to Worms would be broken. Who doubts that he would have been deservedly punished, if the Emperor and the peers had wished it; but how could the Emperor or any honorable Christian ever intend to violate public faith? Wonders that the Germans can bear such disgrace from a good-for-nothing friar. The more the King feels indignant at it, the less he is moved by the lies about himself, of which he has read those in Latin, and heard of those in German. It is no new thing for him to make use of any lie to excite the people against their princes, and he has already collected a band of wicked men for the same object. No faction was ever so universally pernicious as this Lutheran conspiracy, which profanes sacred things, preaches Christ so as to trample on his sacraments, boasts of the grace of God so as to destroy free will, extols faith so as to give licence to sin, and places the inevitable cause of evils in the only good God. The poison is producing dissension in the Church, weakening the power of the laws and of the magistrates, exciting the laity against the clergy, and both against the Pope, and has no other end than to instigate the people to make war on the nobles, while the enemies of Christ look on with laughter. Refers to the progress of Mahomedanism and the Bohemian sect. Princes must assist in preventing these evils, and must not consider the matter merely scholastic. It is their duty, more than others, as they are nearest to the danger, and can most easily crush it before it increases.
Luther writes in more than one place that he has been chosen by God to preach this doctrine, which alone he calls the Gospel; but they will easily perceive that he shows no reasons why he should be thought to understand the Gospel better than the old saints and doctors of the Church, all of whose interpretations he despises, in comparison with his own, while he rejects what has been handed down by tradition from the Apostles.
His doctrine is like that of Wycliffe, which, he doubts not, they abhor, as German princes and their progenitors endeavoured to exterminate it, and have confined it to Bohemia. Feels sure they will prevent it from flooding Saxony and the whole of Germany.
Was the more inclined to exhort them, as they come from the same stock as the kings of England. Urges them to restrain the sect, without bloodshed if possible, but, if not, by any means, and not to allow laws, magistracies, in fact everything human and divine, to be trampled under foot.
Urges them not to allow Luther's translation of the Bible to be published. Does not deny that it is a good thing for the Scriptures to be read in all languages, but not in his version, in which the people' will read all that he has drawn from heretics. Greenwich, 20 Jan. 1523.
Lat. Add.
20 Jan.
R.O.
41. CAMPEGGIO to HENRY VIII.
Informs him of his appointment as legate to Germany. It is a very onerous office, but he trusts to the Pope's authority and Henry's. Asks if he can serve him in any way in his new capacity. Expects to leave before the end of the month. Rome, 20 Jan. 1524. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 Jan.
R.O.
St. P. VI. 385.
42. KNIGHT to WOLSEY.
Melchior Langus, sent from the Pope's holiness to England, arrived to-day. He has news from Innspruck that the French have suffered great losses at Arona, and been driven from Marignani by Pescara, who has entered Pavia with a great company. The Pope and the Florentines have sent their contributions to Milan, as bound by the league. Prosper Colonna died 31 Dec., and the Viceroy entered Milan the same day. The king of Denmark's Chancellor wishes to know Wolsey's pleasure concerning the king of Denmark's great ship. Brussels, 20 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
20 Jan.
Calig. B. II.
348.
B.M.
43. JAMES STEWARD.
"The effect of 19 letters concerning James Steward's matter for the abbey of Drybrughe, bearing date about the 20th January."
Albany has given the abbey of Dryburgh, taxed at 100 duc., to Lennox, on condition of his undertaking the offices of warden of the borders, and lieutenant of Sadmyn and Lowdian. Lennox has appointed to the abbacy James Stewart, a secular, who intends to take the habit, instead of the lord Mango, his brother, because he is disposed to be a temporal man, and his own children are not of sufficient age. The Earl is to enjoy half the revenues of the abbey, amounting in all to 4,000 marks Scotch per annum. The Duke has written about this to Rome, both to the Pope and the card. St. Eusebius, stating that the place was on the borders of the hostile kingdom of England, and much exposed. Stewart expects his bull to cost 3,000 ducats. The Earl writes to lord Dobingny to get a banker to advance the money, and keep the bulls till his pension of 1,000 marks, obtained by the Duke from the French king, be payable. This is the effect of the 19 letters, except that the Earl writes a letter of recommendation to the French king; and Allan Steward, capt. of Dumbarton, makes a letter of attorney to Wm. Fullerton, his servant, for receipt of money due to him, to be employed in the matter. No mention is made of the state of the kingdom, on which they refer to the bearer. Two or three letters mentioned that the Scots have pensions out of France, and velvets and silks from the King's wardrobe. The instrument in parchment shows that "an expectative given by pope Leo to the said James was executed by the accepting of the vicarage of Dundonald." The other nine letters, enclosed in one paper of the above date, sent by Thos. Steward, are on private affairs, except the following particulars mentioned in his letter to Daubigny:—Albany has made Lennox warden of the borders, lieutenant of the Moor, Tavedale, and Lothian, with power to raise the sheriffdoms of Ayr and Dumbarton, and pass to the borders, displaying the King's banner if need be, and has promised his friend better things than the said abbey. He has taken leave for five months of the young King and his lords, leaving their realm, it is thought, very ill governed, being entirely under control of Lennox, on whom chiefly wait the lord Wedderbourg, the lord Bowclam (Buccleuch or Buchan ?), lord Sasford (Cesford), the lord Mark Kere, and Dand. The earl of Neria (? Moray) will rule all the north land, for the earl of Huntley is dead. It is thought Arran and Argyll will take part with England, as they did not come in with the other lords when the Duke took his leave. The lords of Scotland will confederate with England, and take their young King about to see the country, as they think Albany will not return shortly.
Pp. 3. Endd.: "The effect of letters concerning James Steward, a Scot."
20 Jan.
Cleop. C. V. 2.
B. M.
44. The SAVOY
"Institutio hospitalis de Savoy cum testamento Henrici VII.," 20 Jan. 1523, 15 Hen. VIII., with references to a great book.
Pp. 113 (small 4o).
21 Jan.
Theiner,
p.539.
45. CLEMENT VII. to WOLSEY.
Has confirmed his legatine authority, and added new privileges, but not equal to Wolsey's merits, or his services to the Holy See. Refers him to Melchior Langus, lately sent to England. Rome, 21 Jan. 1524.
Lat.
21 [Jan.]
Vit. B. v.
(153.)
B.M.
46. [CAMPEGGIO to WOLSEY.]
* * * M. Regiæ et R.D.V. signif ... et perpetuæ meæ erga vos voluntatis ra ... nihil minus vitæ meæ rationibus nu ... ctionis causa acerbior et multo gravior ... vires meæ exigant, tantæ tamen provinciæ oner ... sum non modo pietate illa qua me in ecclesia Dei Christo ... sed de S.D.N. auctoritate et gratia ita mihi suadent ... consilium hujus re ex animo depulerunt ut feliciter satis ... animo in hanc provinciam ivisse; in qua tamen pro Ch[risti] servi[t]oris mis[ericord]ia qui cum fidelibus suis est usque ad consummationem sæculi, et principum G[erma]niæ genuina pietate, spero me aliquid proficere posse, præsertimque istius Regis et R.D.V. auctoritate mihi superveniente, quem et in hac quoque par[te] fidei strenuum defensorem appellari cupio. Erit autem ut, in universa hac p[ro]vincia tractanda, illud dubio procul persuasum habeatis, me nihil quicquam m[ajore] studio prosecuturum quam quod vestris rationibus gloriæ et dignitati accessurum intelle ... quod ut impense admodum cupio ita perpetuo vobis et nomini vestro debeo, quorum [beni]gnitatem et benevolentiam amplissimis testimoniis comprobatam habeo. Et [fe]licissime valeat R.D.V., &c. Rome, xxi. J[an.] MDXXI[V].
Lat., mutilated, p. 1.
21 Jan.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 153.
B.M.
47. SURREY to DACRE.
The King and Cardinal have asked him to write to Dacre to find out when Albany will leave Scotland, and what number of ships will accompany him, with their portage. They want the information in 10 or 12 days. Bids him redress the misorder of Sir Wm. Lizle concerning the prioress of Coldstream. He needs not write to Surrey about it, as he has the whole authority there. Sends two letters to be forwarded to Candishe and William Pawne, bidding them return. Pawne can deliver the rest of his victuals to Geo. Lawson. Many great things depend upon his answer to Wolsey's letter. "And if he that sent Carik the pursuivant to me wold come hither in person, that were the best way, so it came by his desire. No man can handle this mater so well as ye." Honsdon, 21 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c., my Lord Dacre, warden of the Marches.
21 Jan.
R.O.
48. HUGH CLERK to SIR JOHN HUSEY.
I have attended on Mr. Tunys for an answer to your letter. "He hath moved to my lord Cardinal of your business for my lord Monteagle, and in your name offered to the King 1,000 marks and 30l. land by the year during the nonage of the young lord for his marriage." The Cardinal had learnt that the young lord is but 14 years of age, and his lands are worth yearly above 500l., which the King is entitled to have during his nonage, and "which the King will not depart with, and with the marriage, for 1,000 marks." The Cardinal told Tunys that he had mistaken your letter, and that your mind was to give 1,000 marks for the marriage only, and to have 30l. for his finding; and so he is content to make an end between you and the King. I showed Tunys that the lands have been put in feoffment, and by the will the executors are to take the profits for its performance, which will not be till long after the young lord is of age; and so the King gets no profit. The Cardinal will not believe there are any such feoffments or will, until he sees them. He will not speak of the reversal of the outlawry, till "you be at a point for the other matter." Lincoln Yn, 21 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
22 Jan.
R.O.
49. JO. MATT. GHIBERTI to WOLSEY.
Though he has done his utmost to secure the confirmation of Wolsey's legateship, must not detract from the praise due to the Pope, who has so great an esteem for him that he would adorn him with every possible honor. Hopes some time in spring to visit England, where he first became indebted to Wolsey, who preserved his fortunes under Adrian VI. Hopes that now, in consideration of his devotion to Wolsey, the Pope will confer upon him the pension of 2,000 ducats reserved to him before his election upon the bishopric of Worcester, although one half of it is to be given up to the use of another. Rome, 22 Jan. 1524. Signed.
Lat., pp.2. Add. and endd.
22 Jan.
R. O.
50. CHARLES [DUKE OF BOURBON] to HENRY VIII.
Wrote lately about the arrival of the sieur de Beaurains with orders from the Emperor for Bourbon to remain in Italy as his lieutenant general, with power to lead his armies by sea and land where necessary. Was glad to hear from Ponthievre of Henry's desire to keep his army marching as long as they do their duty here. If the Emperor's army march by the side of Guyenne, and Henry's prevents the enemy from being reinforced, they will compel him to do justice to both. Genoa, 22 Jan. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
22 Jan.
R. O.
51. CHARLES [DUKE OF BOURBON] to WOLSEY.
To the same effect. Genoa, 22 Jan. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
22 Jan.
Calig. B. III.
201.
B. M.
52. ALBANY to MADAME [LOUISE COUNTESS OF ANGOULÊME].
Has received letters from the King (Francis) and from her, of the 28 Dec., and articles in cipher, explaining the state of the King's affairs, which he was glad to hear of, not having received news from France since his departure; especially as they promise to send a messenger within five or six days with an answer to what he had sent them. Was on the point of embarking for France when he received her request to stay in Scotland. Has reduced the kingdom into excellent order, and could leave it without danger. Having remitted to them the King's money ("lass deniers du Roi") thinks it would be better in his present necessity to go to France to give the French king his advice. Regrets the want of confidence in him shown by the French king and his mother, in not informing him of their great affairs. Desires to know who has given them cause to suspect him. If he cannot convince them of his affection, he will return to his wife to help her to recover her health. Dumbarton, 22 Jan.
P.S.—Desires her to tell the King that since he was twelve years old he has given his best service to the house of France. Signed.
Add.: "A Madame."
Fr., pp.3.
Jan. 22.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 150.
B. M.
Hearne's Otterburne,
II. 586.
53. WOLSEY to DACRE.
Has received his letter dated Morpeth, 8th inst., with the copy of the article exhibited by Barbon, &c. The King thanks him for his discreet answers to Albany. He cannot agree to a truce with comprehension, on account of his claims in France, his pensions there, and his conventions with the Emperor, without the express knowledge and assent of the latter, who is so far away that the time of the safe-conduct would expire before answer could be had from him. He sends two blank safe-conducts, one till the beginning, and the other till the end of May, as Albany wished; so that if the king of Scots will send persons to treat, omitting the truce and comprehension, Dacre shall send them the safe-conduct to be filled up on entering England.
He must try and satisfy them with that for the 1st of May, and must send a copy of whichever they have directly to the Duke, with letters, saying that he retains the original to be delivered to the persons he shall send as soon as they are near the borders; for if he sends it with the names inserted, the Duke may forbear to send them, and boast that the King had asked for peace or truce. He may conclude, as warden, a cessation of hostilities during the safe-conduct, which may be prorogued upon the coming of the ambassadors, and perhaps communication will be had about the comprehension of friends. This cessation may be concluded by the wardens without interfering with other treaties. He had better not send the copy of the safe-conduct to Albany, but only write to say he has it, as Albany requested, lest Albany should have a pretext for some untrue report to the French king. Dacre may let the Duke hear, as from himself, that since he desires so eagerly the comprehension of France, which would require the discussion of many important matters, it would be a good way for him to put his own name into the safe-conduct, and come hither to consult with Wolsey. Dacre may assure him that he could obtain an ampler safe-conduct if he desire it, or may say that he would persuade the King to send hostages for him. If he could be persuaded to come, there would be singular benefit to the King's causes. Leaves the management of it to him. He must in any case do all he can, by espial and otherwise, to find out what the Duke intends touching his departure into France, for they hear that he will not tarry longer than Candlemas or the beginning of Lent. Bids him spare no cost to find out when he leaves, and other particulars. Westminster, 22 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add.: To, &c., lord Dacre, warden of the marches.
23 Jan.
Poli Epist.
i. 387.
54. BEMBO to POLE.
Has received his letters. Ghiberti is highly delighted with them, and holds him in great estimation. Thinks Pole should write to him and to Sadoleti. Rome, 10 kl. Feb. 1524.
Lat.
23 Jan.
Calig. B.VI.
448.
B.M.
55. BARBON to DACRE.
Thanks him for writing to the captain of Wark, who has shown him the letter, and offered assistance. Trusts "that sik thingis sal not hapnit, for I am heir with ane gud lady, the quhilk maks me wele to fair." Fears that he tarries too long. Expected the answer would have come within twelve days. Albany is gone west to Glasgow; for what purpose Barbon does not know, as Albany has not communicated it to him. The bearer tells him "that ther is men in Edinburgh bydand me cuming, and traistis wele that quhowbeid he wald passe is ways he has left his mynd to my lord Chancelair and others lordis of ye Kingis graceis counsail." Thinks he is gone to see "his gallyons and uther graith." Hopes he will never "gon on the sey quhill he has answer fra me agane." Desires to see his master, and therefore hopes for an early despatch. Caldstreme, 23 Jan.
Add.: "To my lord, my lord the Dacre and Guilislande," &c.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
23 Jan.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 154b.
B.M.
56. DACRE to the ABBOT OF KELSO.
Asks him to cause his brother Wm. Carr and the sheriff of Tevidale to enter to him according to his bond. Will not warn him again. Asks him to warn his brother, the laird of Farnyhirst, for he will not receive any writing from Dacre. Hears that he keeps a garrison in his abbey, which annoys Wark Castle. Advises him to send them away, and live like a religious man, and no man shall do him hurt. If he will not, he must blame himself, not Dacre, whatever happens to his abbey. "And if any men come within youe to do youe displeasure, defende yourself the best ye can." Morpeth, 23 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
23 Jan.
R.O.
57. GEORGES HEMPTON to [HUMPHREY] WINGFIELD (Monseigneur Ouygvoult.)
Desires to be recommended to the Queen (Mary) and his master (Suffolk). Is at present in the castle of Louray, Basse Normandie, thirty leagues from Rouen, and one from Alençon. Is kept in a tower belonging to the bailly of Caen, guarded continually by two archers, and put to the expence of 10 cr. a week, which will ruin him. Should not be left so long, as he came to France on the business of the King and Queen. Wingfield wrote, in the letter he sent him at Boulogne, that the King was displeased with him for putting himself at such a ransom. Was obliged to do as he did, since he did not wish to have his leg broken. The irons he wears weigh 3 cwt. Was taken 15 days before war was declared; and thinks Henry might give an order before the French embassy leaves England, and cause his ransom to be paid through some of the Frenchmen now in England. Mons. de la Fayette has told the bailly of Caen that Hempton has money enough to pay his ransom; and that is why he is kept so strictly; but De la Fayette has half the said sum, and will not repay him a penny. Thinks he could make a bargain with the Bailly if he had 4,000 livres, and asks him to persuade his master to send that sum, and to tell his wife to sell his goods, and his brother to furnish him with as much as he can. Will be glad of any news. Had better send his letters in French to Robert Bellnys post of Calais. If there are other prisoners, would be glad to know their names and countries. Wishes him to ask the King also for leave to import some wools of the country, as there is none here, and the price is 10 sols the lb. Hopes to obtain a safe-conduct for them into France. Considers Wingfield his greatest friend, next to his brother, and sends his respects to Wingfield's wife, and the other ladies and gentlemen of the house. Chasteau de Louray, 23 Jan.
If Wingfield can do anything with Guylaume Coo, he has a brother-in-law, a banker at Blays; and if the King write to that banker, believes he may be taken as pledge in the writer's affair. Has written to Maistre Jehan Bodet to ask whether he or Mons. le General would become pledge, but he cannot help him.
Hol., Fr., pp. 4.
23 Jan.
R.O.
58. MALT.
* * * for the v. * * * first day of March in the ... [23] day of January then next ensuing.
Malt sent to Calais from Berks, Bedford, Herts, Essex, Cambridge, Suffolk, and [Norfolk], viim ... In money, 2,315l. 2s. 8½d. Costs, and losses of selling the said malt. The accountant bought in Bedford, Cambridge, Suffolk, Norfolk, and Huntingdon 3,105 qrs., which were not sent to Calais. 3,052½ qrs. were sent to London, costing, with the carriage, 6s., and were sold for 5s. The remainder was wasted in houses and garners, and cost 5s. 1d. a qr. Bought in Cambridge and Suffolk 140 qrs. of wheat at 7s. 4d., which was not sent to Calais, and afterwards sold for 5s. 8d. 100 qrs. of oats at 3s., sold for 2s. 4d. Wages, costs, and charges:—Wages for himself and two servants, from 1 March to 23 Jan., 49l. 3s.; to a clerk, for writing indentures, &c., 9d. a day. Wages of Thos. Milner, his deputy at Lynne, to pay the freight, &c., 160 days at 12d. Wages of nine men in 11 counties for 40 days, 12d. each a day. For three men overseeing and measuring the grain, 90 days at 8d. a day. Two servants who rode with the accountant to Lynne and other places for the safety of the King's money, 12d. a day each. A man sent to Calais to see the receipt of the malt, 54 days at 12d., and his passage 4s. For writing commissions and privy seals, 10s. 50 half-quarter measures, at 16d. Sacks and bags, 42s. 6d. Portage of 7,000 qrs. into houses and to the ships, 18l. 6s. 8d. Rent of eight houses at Lynne and London, 5l. 16s. 8d. Toll at Ware and Highgate for 1,000 qrs. of malt, ¼d. a qr. Total, 315l. 19s. 6½d.
Mutilated at the commencement.
24 Jan.
Calig. B. VI.
447.
B.M.
59. DACRE to ALBANY.
Has received his letter by Carrick, dated Haddington, 12 Jan., by which he sees that Barbon remains at Coldstream. Has just received a blank safe-conduct under the Great Seal according to Barbon's copy. Will deliver it to the personages required, on their arrival at the borders. His master cannot condescend to a longer truce than is necessary for the return of the ambassadors, in consequence of his treaty with the Emperor. Thinks Cornell or Coldstream the most suitable place for his meeting with the ambassadors. Has sent a private letter for him to Barbon at Coldstream. Morpeth, 24 Jan.
Pp. 2. Headed: "Copy of a letter to the duke of Albany sent from the lord Dacre."
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 154b.
B.M.
2. Another copy in Dacre's letter-book; dated "24th night of Jan 15 H. VIII."
24 Jan.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 156.
B.M.
60. DACRE to JOHN DE BARBON.
Thanks him for his letter sent with Albany's by Carrick. Is sorry that he has been kept so long, owing to Dacre's failure to send an answer in 12 days, as he promised. Doubts not Albany and he will consider that princes must consult with their councils before meddling with such weighty matters. Cannot write all his mind, but desires credence for the bearer, and asks Barbon to report what he says to the Duke. Morpath, 24th night of Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.
P.1. Headed: Copie, &c.
24 Jan.
Vesp. C. II.
274.
B.M.
St. P. VI. 242.
61. WOLSEY to SAMPSON and JERNINGHAM.
Sends them full directions, in consequence of the distance of Spain, and the importance of the case. Reiterates the small ability of the Emperor to continue the war, the ill state of his affairs in Italy, the incapacity of the Burgundians, joined with the overtures of the archbishop of Bari; in replying to which the Emperor had answered that he would ask the King whether he would consent to an honorable peace. They are to say that, if the Emperor desires it, the King will forbear the advantage he expects from the war, and condescend to the Emperor's wishes, on condition it may be done with his honor, and some personage be sent from France to England to make proper overtures. And although in the proposals of the Archbishop little mention is made of the King, as if he were the principal another of the war, ways and means must be found with the Emperor "that "pursuit and motion may be made unto the King's Grace, in such wise as "the matters depending between his Highness and the French king may "be here debated," and not elsewhere. The Emperor to treat of his own affairs at his own cost; neither party coming to any definite conclusion without consulting the other.
They are to use great dexterity in this affair, as the Emperor, finding his affairs in Italy in some perplexity, and thinking they may be relieved by advancing an army on this side, will rather endeavor to put the King to excessive cost, promising what he cannot perform, than be inclined to peace.
If the Emperor leans to the former alternative, they are to tell him plainly that the King is willing to continue the wars, if the Emperor will sincerely do the same; and if he hearkens to peace, it is only for the Emperor's sake, lest the burden of carrying on the war should be too great for him. They are to urge the peace, as it is most expedient for the King, if it be offered by the French king in a manner conformable with his honor; but they must not let it appear that the wish proceeds from the King, but that it is only for the sake of the Emperor.
If, after long observation, they cannot discover "how the peace may be brought about in manner and form before mentioned," but that a truce is proposed by the Pope with a view to peace;—if it is to endure for a long season, they shall insist on the advantage it will be to the French;—and if for a very small time, the difficulty of communication, the parties being at such a distance. Proposes it shall be till May twelvemonth, by which time the King and the Emperor may gather their treasures and their forces, and discover the temper of the Pope, the Venetians and others.
Sends a minute of the form in which the King wishes for the truce.
They are also to remind the Emperor of the King's indemnity, without which he will not condescend to any truce or abstinence with France, as they have been already instructed. If Charles consents to the article of indemnity, the minute of the truce may be concluded, whether it be by a French agent here, or by the bishop of Bath at Rome.
If the French king decline to send a personage for peace to England, but will remain in hostility, they shall propose to the Emperor this plan of a campaign:—the Emperor to furnish an army by the middle of May, and invade Guienne, being well furnished with money; Bourbon to be sent to England; an army of 3,000 Burgundians and 3,000 lauceknights to be raised by the Emperor; and the King to furnish at his own charge 20,000 horse and foot. The combined forces to march to Paris in June. "Thus doing, the 100,000 crowns promised by the Emperor to the said duke of Bourbon may be converted towards the charge of these his armies."
If peace cannot be had, this is the best plan the King can think of, if it be followed with effect. They are to urge it with all their power, arguing that it is indispensable for Bourbon to join the common enterprise "by this side," without which the King is not inclined to send any army to France. They are to stick to this with all their might; but if they find the Emperor is resolved to keep Bourbon where he is, they shall pretend they have received new letters, remitting the article of Bourbon, and urging the setting forth of the Burgundians and lanceknights as aforesaid.
Thinks that the Emperor must adopt one of these ways;—probably the invasion of Paris, which would produce a great effect. If the Emperor allege that he cannot advance such an army, they shall urge that, out of tender consideration to him, the King is content that the Emperor order his army to keep the field in Italy, and send to England the duke of Bourbon, putting under his command 5,000 Almains to be used in Flanders; the Burgundians and lanceknights as before; the King raising an army of 20,000 horse and foot; and so pushing on to Paris.
If he will not consent to this, it is probable he will not consent to anything. And in the event of his rejecting all these, nothing else is to be done but to resort unto the enterprise of the duke of Bourbon, mentioned in Wolsey's previous letters. If peace or truce cannot be had, nor the Emperor advance his army in any of the ways proposed, the King cannot bear the whole burthen alone; and the French king, perceiving this, will become more fierce and dangerous than ever. Jerningham is to remain there till he bring the Emperor's answer in all and every of the premises.
Modern copy.
R.O.2. Copy of the same.
24 Jan.
S.B.
62. For JOHN BUTTELER, Abbot of Vale Royal.
Protection for five years. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.
25 Jan.
Bradford,
p. 93.
63. BOURBON to CHARLES V.
I have dispatched De Bissy, who will give you ample details. De Beaurain has arrived, and I am here waiting your commands. De Penthièvre has written to me, that if your army here were placed under my command, the king of England and Madame would renew their attack upon France. If that were so, Francis would be compelled to withdraw his troops, and defend his frontiers. Urge the king of England in this behalf. Genoa, 25 Jan.
Fr.
25 Jan.
Bradford,
p. 95.
64. CHARLES DE LANNOY to CHARLES V.
I have received your letter, and heard Beaurain's instructions. I will obey Bourbon, as you have pointed out. I have given him my opinion as to a movement on France. You view the affairs of Italy differently from what they are. The want of money is great, and things must be brought to a crisis. Had the Germans been here as soon as I, we should not have lost a month, which has been lost since my arrival at Pavia. I hope to meet the French before the end of the week, and have apprised Bourbon of my intention. If I had not been compelled to be here by the urgent demand of the Duke, and Prospero's ill health, as well as by the letters of your ambassador, De Sessa, I should have been at Apuglia. I beg of you to look carefully to your name. De Moncada is coming to Bourbon, and we will consult as to your service. Milan, 25 Jan. 1524. (fn. 2)
Fr.
25 Jan.
R.O.
65. JOHN DE BARBOUN to DACRE.
Since his last writing, by James Litiljohne, has received letters from Albany, desiring "this answer to be sped." Has a safe-conduct ready for Dacre's servants. Trusts that Albany will never go against his words, which however are to be kept secret. Hopes for a speedy answer. Coldstream, Monday, 25 January.
Hol., p.1. Add.
25 Jan.66. MONASTERY OF ST. MARY AND ETHELFLED, ROMSAY.
Writ to the escheator of Hants and Wilts for the restitution of temporalities on the election of Eliz. Ryprose as abbess.
ii. Similar writs to Gloucester, Dorset, and Marches of Wales.—Westm., 25 Jan.
Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m.15.
26 Jan.
Calig. B. III.
78.
B. M.
67. ALBANY to his DUCHESS.
A letter in cipher, the key to which had not been found at going to press. Dated, "à Dombertrand (Dumbarton) ce xxvjme Janvier, ou jamais l'on ne vist faire si mauvais temps. Faictes haster la Chapelle." Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
Calig. D. VIII.
279.
B.M.
68. WAR with FRANCE.
To invade France, I think the King must do as follows: (1.) Bourbon must be got to accompany the King. The report of it must be spread through the camp, and it must be made known to the French people that the King is not making war for [his own good,] nor in order to be crowned, but only for the public weal, and to replace the Constable; otherwise the people will be crucified sooner than not do all the damage they can to the English. (2.) Proclamation must be made through the King's camp against plundering the people. (3.) If the King lands at Calais, he ought not to stop before any place, but go straight to Paris, which will be glad to open its gates to Bourbon. (4.) If this plan be followed, he must see that Francis have no notice of it. (5.) It would be good to land in Normandy, and go straight to Rouen, giving out a contrary intention. (6.) I think the best landing of all would be at Rochelle, giving out that they were going to invade Guienne. They could take Poitou, go along the Loire, and come to Orleans. On hearing of their approach, the friends of Bourbon would join them and yield everything, as the country of Berry would also do. (7.) The Emperor should raise an alarm on the side of Languedoc, to draw the French army thither. (8.) It is not likely that the French king will give battle, "pource qu'il ne luy sera donne pour cosseil, pource que jametz deffen [d]eur qui a bonnes plasses et villes fortes pou[r t]enir quelque temps ne doit donner batallie, "but the invader ought to seek it, and there are many examples of the French having lost their kingdom to the English by having given battle. (9.) The King should get ready his army as soon as possible, having sent a number of men in a direction he does not intend to go, to deceive the French. (10.) The King should send letters to some of his friends, giving false information where he means to land his army, and manage that the bearer get robbed on the way, so that the letters should come into the hands of the French. (11.) As to the duke of Albany, [I am] of opinion that the French king and Madame must do next summer what is contained in one of the articles that I delivered, "p[our garder] de dessendre le Roy et son harmee, do[nt j'at]tent ma responce;" and that if do not send him money (for he has not a crown piece in Scotland), and if he receive no answer, I believe on my honor he will go away before Shrovetide; for he bid me say [so] to the French king and Madame his mother. (12.) I think the intention of him who calls himself [Blanche] Rose and duke of Suffolk is to have a number of lanzknechts and land in England, but the French king must furnish him with money. He says he has plenty of friends in the country, but they dare not declare themselves till he appear there; and also that he counts on many in Ireland, and promises the French king a certain number of men if Francis will send him money. He also trusts that the present possessor of the kingdom of Denmark will aid him with all his power, as he has signified to Albany. The French king is therefore sending him letters. As mentioned in one of the articles which I delivered to the King, after my departure from Scotland a German priest who knows the language was to be sent "pour ... r apporter." (13.) I don't think the Scots will do anything that will help the French king, if Albany leave. The chief lords say that if Albany abandon them, they will break the old alliance with France and take part with England, for they say they lost their king for the sake of the French. (14.) It was never easier to conquer France; first, because Bourbon is absent, who holds the greatest part of the land; secondly, because he is loved by [great] and small more than ever prince was; and thirdly, because the country was never so eaten up or overburdened with subsidies, "pource que l'eglise est m ... prent on dessuz comme sur les talli[ages] ... est contre Dieu et raison." The gens d'armes of the ordnance are not paid; and while they are raising adventures, they disburse not a penny to their leaders, who are compelled to live upon the poor peasants, "et que piz est, au partir du locgix du poure ... il le font ransonner et ballier argent et ... ilz forssent bien souvent les fames." (15.) The lords of France are universally dissatisfied because they are not paid their pensions or kept as they were under the late kings, Charles and Lewis, and no respect is paid at the French court to the good men who have done service. (16.) The gens d'armerie is all ..., the nobles were never ... and the horsemen never so ill mounted. They can get no coursers of Naples, and no horses from Flanders. The gens d'armes and foot [are worth] nothing but to guard a breach. (17.) The King ought to beware of setting fire to the country and terrifying the people, for it is one of the things which lost France to the English. (18.) With policy the hearts of the French might be gained, for I have heard them say lately they would rather have the English in their houses than the adventurers, provided they would not burn the country. (19.) I declare upon my life that ... to the articles is the credence given me by Albany to tell the French king and his mother, in order that they may do one of the things therein described this next summer, to prevent the King invading France. (20.) It is the intention of Albany, if the French king tells him he will do it, and send money, to remain in Scotland till the end of the war; otherwise he will come away.
Fr., pp. 9, badly mutilated.
26 Jan.
Vesp. C. II.
284.
B.M.
69. SAMPSON and JERNINGHAM to [WOLSEY].
Have already informed him that a secretary of the abp. of Barrie had been sent into France. On the 24 Jan. the Emperor told him that this secretary was stopped at Bayonne by Lautrec, his letters taken from him and sent to the French court. Francis will allow no one to pass through his realm, as he is making great preparations. Vittoria, 26 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2.
Ib., f. 285.2. Duplicate of the above, with slight verbal differences.
26 Jan.
P.S.
70. For THOMAS BENNOLT, Clarencieux King-at-Arms, of Gillingham.
Protection, going in the retinue of John Bourgchier, lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 20 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.
27 Jan.
Calig. E. I. 81.
B.M.
71. GONZOLL[ES] to the TREASURER OF AUVERGNE.
Has been obliged within these two days to alter ("[faire cha]nge de") his letters and purpose. Had written under the impression ("pan[sant que]") that my Lord, who was here, would embark; but the wind and the moon being contrary, he has been obliged to remain. Gonzolles, whom he had left ambassador for the king [of France], would not stay but for the desire to do him service. My Lord and all his company are well. Received eight days ago a letter from his correspondent, but no news, nor any letter from home ("cheulx moy"). Wishes to hear from him whatever occurs, and to be remembered to Madame and to Mademoiselle Villevoute(?). Dumbarton, 27 Jan.
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p.1. Add.: "A Mons. le Trezorier dela compte d'Auvargne Satournyn Bessiere cheulx madame la duchesse d'Albanye."
27 Jan.
R. O.
72. JOHN ROPER, of Eltham, Kent.
His will. The executors are the prior of Christ Church, Canterbury; Sir John Fyneux, his father-in-law; Ric. Broke, judge; John Hales, baron of the Exchequer; Jane, his wife; and Chr. Hales, John Sethe, Robt. Maycote, John Chilton, and John a Bery, his old servants. Sums are left to divers churches in Kent for tithes forgotten, and for their repairs; 100 marks to make a horseway for the fishwives and others, in the highway from Whytestaple to the entry of the street of St. Dunston, the Westgate, Canterbury. Gives directions for the division between his sons William, Edward and Christopher, according to the custom of gavelkind, of his lands in Kent; viz., Wellehall, Eltham; a place in St. Dunstan's parish, Canterbury; Chestfeld, in Swalcliff parish; the Logge, Linsted parish; lands in Dodyngton, Kyngisdowne, Norton and East Greenwich; manors of Welhawe and Estborne in Eltham; and other lands in Modyngham, Lee, Chesylhurst, Kydbroke, Charleton, Wolwyche, Bexley, Brambyltigh in Hakyngton, &c. Bequests to his wife, his daughters, Agnes the nun of Dartford, Elyne and Margaret, lady Fyneux, subprioress of Dartford, &c. 27 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII. 1523. (fn. 3)
Pp. 32.
R.O.2. Another copy, imperfect.
Pp. 21.
28 Jan.
Calig. B. I.5.
B.M.
St. P. IV.69.
73. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Received on Sunday night a packet of letters in answer to his, for which Carrick was waiting with him, and Barbon at Coldstream. Sent Carrick to Albany with his answer on Monday, and a servant to Barbon; but Barbon had departed, leaving a letter for Dacre, which he incloses. His servant has sent a letter to Barbon, to say that he will wait at Coldstream till Barbon returns, that he may show him his instructions.
Albany is quite determined to depart. Is credibly informed that he is at Glasgue, and his vessels, three ships and one bark, are at Dumbretan, waiting only for wind and weather. The Earl of Huntley, the greatest lord in Scotland, in name and "aunciantie," is dead, leaving as his heir his son, ten years old.
Some of the French whom the Duke sent home were driven by the weather into the out isles of Scotland, and 400 or 500 were starved and killed. Morpeth, 28 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 156b.
B.M.
2. Copy in Dacre's letter book.
28 Jan.
Calig. B. VI.
444.
B.M.
74. DACRE'S CORRESPONDENCE.
I. "Instructions given by Thomas lord Dacre unto his trusty servant John More, to be showed upon the said Lord's behalf unto John de Barbon, servant and secretary to the duke of Albany, and thereupon the same to be declared by the said John de Barbon unto the said lord duke of Albany."
1. Is to give Barbon a letter for Albany, and show him a copy of it. 2. To tell Barbon how much it will be to his credit to advance the Duke's designs for the welfare of Christendom. 3. Dacre desires ambassadors to be sent to England to conclude the matter now so well advanced; and if his Grace desires a passage through the realm to communicate with Wolsey, a safe-conduct shall be granted him, with such other as he may think good. 4. If he need a more ample one Dacre will readily grant it. 5. He will surrender himself as a hostage to Dunbar castle till Albany is returned. 6. Is to desire Barbon's secrecy. 7. If Albany will take the peace in the manner aforesaid, the bearer may go to the Duke in Barbon's company; otherwise to remain at Coldstream or Wark until he has received satisfactory communications from Barbon.
II. "Instructions given by Thomas lord of Dacre unto his trusty servant and secretary John More, to have been by him showed and declared upon the said Lord's behalf to the Lords of the Council of Scotland, in case the duke of Albany had been departed; which instructions were devised and sent after the sight of John de Barbon's letter dated at Coldstream the 23d day of January."
1. He is to stay at Coldstream six days, unless Albany sends a safe-conduct for him to Dumbretain (Dumbarton), or Barbon desires him at Edinburgh if Albany is absent. Is to say to the lords there that as Albany is gone, his instructions are discharged; nevertheless, that Albany had made a proposition for peace, and sent Carrick to my lord Treasurer (Surrey); that he (More) and Barbon had met for this purpose at Morpeth, and when they could not agree, according to the instructions signed by Albany, devised an abstinence and a safe-conduct for the Duke, of which Barbon drew the copy, consenting to abandon Scotland; that all this is now void and of none effect, except some person having authority can communicate with him.
III. "The credence by instructions given by the duke of Albany to John de Barbon, his secretary, translated out of French into English; the principal whereof, signed with the said Duke's hand, is in the keeping of the said John de Barbon." (fn. 4)
Copies, pp. 12. The leaves transposed.
Add. MS.
24,965, f.157.
B.M.
2. Copy in Dacre's letter-book of No.I
Ibid. f.160 b.3. Copy of No. II. Dated Morpeth, 28 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.
Add. MS.
24,965, f.161.
B.M.
4. "The contents of the pacquet sent up with John de Barbon to my lord Legate's grace."
The copy of the letter sent to Albany, dated Morpeth, 24 night of Jan. The principal letter from Barbon, dated Coldstreme, 23 Jan. Copy of the instructions to John More to be shown to Barbon, and of the instructions to be shown to the lords. if the Duke had departed. Two principal letters of be shown to the lords. if the Duke had departed. Two principal letters of credence from the Duke, one by Barbon, and the other by More, both coming together. Copy of the credence by instructions given by Albany to Barbon. A letter to my lord Legate.
P. 1. From Dacre's letter book.
30 Jan.
R.O.
75. THOMAS LORD DACRE to WOLSEY.
Considering the war, there is not much spoiling or robbery, except small "stouthes," which are of little effect. Wrote on the 28th inst. that Albany was going to depart, and waited only for wind. Hears now, by a letter in De Barbon's own hand, that he will return to Edinburgh; but he does not believe it. Will inform Wolsey by post of the issue of the matter mentioned in his last letter dated Westm., 22 inst. Mr. Candish, the bearer, is now sent for by my lord Treasurer, who is discontented with Dacre for not paying him wages for six men attending on him, which would be 4s. 4d. a day according to Robt. Lord's book. They are part of the Lord Lieutenant's men who were discharged by the King's order, to the number of 699 horse and 530 foot, whose monthly wages were 1,099l. 18s. 8d.; and a fortnight's wages were due when Dacre entered. Candish is captain of 100 gunners, and has 4s. a day, as other captains have. Wishes to know Wolsey's pleasure in the matter. Had only 2,000l. assigned for the payment of the garrisons at my lord Treasurer's departure. Has spent it all, and they cry out for their wages. Morpeth, the penult day of January. Signed.
P.1. Add.: To my lord Legate's Grace. Endd.
Add. MS.
24,965, f.160.
B.M.
Copy in Dacre's letter book. Dated 30 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.
30 Jan.
R.O.
76. ALLAIN STEWARD.
Letters of attorney from the above, as captain of the guard, and of the castle of Dumbarton, constituting William Fullertoun as his proxy to receive from David Balfour, servant of lord Obenye (d'Aubigny), the sum of 350 ducats of gold, received by him from the bishop of Vintemill, "for expenses that I made upon the said Bishop being in my keeping in the rock of the castle of Milan at the time I kepit the said rock." At Glasgow, 30 Jan. 1523. Signed.
P.1.
30 Jan.
R.O.
77. CAMPEGGIO to WOLSEY.
Wrote lately about the mission to Germany on which the Pope has determined to send him. Was hourly on the point of departing. The English ambassadors will, doubtless, inform Wolsey what has been done for the increase of his dignity. Can never be too grateful to Wolsey. Rome, 30 Jan. 1524. Signed.
Lat., p.1. Add. and endd.
31 Jan.
R. MS.
13 B. II. 322.
B. M.
78. JAMES V. to the CARDINAL [OF ANCONA].
In behalf of John Forman, precentor of Glasgow, in an action brought against him in the Rota, by John Duncan, touching the precentorship. Edinburgh, 31 Jan. 1523.
Lat., p. 1, copy.
31 Jan.
Baronius,
XXXI. 453.
79. CLEMENT VII. to REGINALD POLE.
Returns thanks for compliments on his election. Expresses great kindness to the king of England and the English generally. Is anxious to promote the tranquillity of Christendom. Urges Pole to study. Last day of January 1524, 1 pont.
Lat.
R. O.80. IRELAND.
"Remembrances for Ireland."
1. As the bishops and clergy of the Irishry give most help to the rebels, be it provided that no clerk be promoted to any bishopric there unless he be of English birth, or of the English nation and language. The bishoprics are so poor, that "no honest and learned man" of England will accept them; for while in England there are but 2 abprics. and 19 bprics., there are in Ireland 4 abprics. and above 30 bprics. The Pope should be applied to to unite the sees so as to make but 2 abprics. and 9 or 10 bprics.
2. That the churches of Ireland be built and repaired, the ministers reformed, and that no temporal man have any spiritual benefice, and no provision from Rome henceforth be allowed.
3. That Wolsey, as legate of England and Ireland, appoint some bishop there as his substitute.
4. That the revenues be well and truly levied.
5. That the King's ancestors granted to the cities of Waterford, Cork, and Limerick, and the towns of Youghal, Kinsale, and Galway, their fee farms and customs for murage and pavage. As the walls are now well built and repaired, be it enacted that such grants be resumed.
6. That every 20 acres of arable land in the Englishry pay to the King a subsidy of 12d. a year, and every 20 acres of the Irishry 8d. and that all the churches pay the same subsidy as those of the 12 English shires, which will considerably increase the revenue.
7. That commissioners be appointed through the land to make books of the said arable lands and subsidy, and to assess the churches.
8. That a Great Council be held as soon as possible after the arrival of the King's lieutenant, first at Dublin and then at Kilkenny or Waterford, where all the temporal lords and gentlemen shall be bound, under sureties to the value of their lands, to appear before the King's Deputy, whenever warned, to make answer to matters laid to their charges.
9. That all the great captains of Irishmen put in pledges to the king's Deputy, and be sworn to do the King service whenever called upon, to keep true peace with the King's subjects, and to observe such ordinances as the Deputy and his council shall devise for the common weal; and that if any of them violate their oaths, my lord Cardinal's Deputy shall accurse them, and interdict their countries till they find sureties to be reconciled.
10. That a sufficient army of spears, archers, and gunners be sent by the King to support his Deputy.
11. The king's Deputy must be liberal in rewarding captains of Irishmen.
12. The statute of Absentee must be put in force to increase the King's revenues, and no licence of Absentee granted to any one.
13. None of the judges to receive any fees or annuities of any subject.
14. None of the King's subjects to make war on any of the Irish captains on pain of high treason. (fn. 5)
Roll of paper. Endd.
R. O.81. IRELAND.
"Articles to be showed unto the King's most noble Grace by my lord of Surrey, admiral of England, on the behalf of the earl of Ormond, the king's Deputy of his land of Ireland."
1. To show the great enfeebling of the English pale, and the increase of the Irishry in strength. Never since the conquest were there so many valiant captains among the Irish, and it will be hard to defend the King's subjects without an army of English spears and bows.
2. Surrey has appointed the lord of Kilmainham, treasurer of Ireland, with the Chief Justice and the Chief Baron, to levy the King's revenues due next Lady Day; so that the Deputy will receive none of them till after All Hallow tide, and he cannot defend the land at his own expence.
3. The lands of the said Deputy and his kinsmen in Kilkenny and Tipperary are far distant from the four shires, "marching to the King's Irish enemies, and the English rebels being of as rude and evil demeanor as the said Irish enemies;" so that the Deputy being in the said four shires will not be able to defend his own lands, unless his son James, now in England, be sent over in all haste.
4. As the King's revenues are insufficient, the Deputy will be obliged to entertain such as will do the King's service with offices instead of wages. Desires, therefore, that the King will give no offices in Ireland to any one suing for the same who will not personally remain here to do the King service, that he will not grant away any of his revenues, and that the statute of Absentees be put in force.
5. The intercourse between France and Scotland is carried on mainly through the Irish Channel, and there is no navy in Ireland to encounter such ships; so that in time of war the Britons and the Scotch do infinite damage on the coast, and no picards dare cross the sea between England and Ireland. Desires, therefore, five or six ships well manned.
6. Requests a new patent of the deputyship, as his present patent is not so large as those of former deputies, which will encourage the rebels when they know it.
7. Desires the King, when he can find time convenient, to see to the reformation of this poor land, being in great misery and captivity.
8. Desires a commission to hold a Parliament for one year, beginning in the octave of Trinity next, to pass certain expedient Acts which were comprised in Surrey's commission.
Signed: P. Ormond.
Pp. 3. Endd.
R. O.2. Another article, on a separate paper.
That as the Geraldines of Kildare are in contention among themselves, and will not do anything for the King's service, the King may send the earl of Kildare home to arrange their disputes and reform his own lands. Signed: P. Ormond.
P. 1.
Jan.
R. O.
82. COUNTESS OF RICHMOND AND DERBY.
Copy of letters patent, dated 14 July 22 Hen. VII., granting the abbey of Creke to Margaret countess of Richmond and Derby. Enrolled in the Memoranda of 15 Hen. VIII., amongst the records of Hilary term.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd.
R. O.83. CHRISTOPHER COO.
List of prizes taken by Captain Coo since leaving the Thames on 22 Jan. (fn. 6) 13 Hen. VIII. to the present date of his discharge from the King's wages.
A ship of 50 tons, laden with salt, taken in the Tradde, sold for 70l. 2 ships, laden with Danske rye, taken from the gallies of Dieppe and Homflete, 140l. The Mary of Homflete, 90 tons, with ordnance, delivered to Thos. Clere for the King's service. The Galley of Dieppe, 50 tons, 40 men, taken in the Narrow Seas. The Yennett Purwyn, taken in the North Parts, with 16 pieces of ordnance, delivered by the Admiral's commandment to the mayor of Hull. The Michael of Depe, the Mary of Boloyn, the Griffin of Depe, a ship of Rouen, laden with Newfoundland fish, fisher boats, crays, &c. Total 1213l. 16s. 8d.
P. 1.
R. O.2. Another statement of the value of some of the above. 5 Jan. 14 Hen. VIII.
P. 1.
R. O.3. Expences of Chr. Coo, in the King's service.
Repairs of his ship the John Baptist, at Hull, after the fight with the Paraunt, 64l. 2 months' victuals, in place of the same quantity lost in the Erasmus, at Sandwich, 65l. Repairs of the mainmast and tackle of the Fleming sent with the John Baptist to waste the Zealand fleet, 90l. Bowsprit, foresail, and spritsail of the William, broken in boarding the Griffyn, 8l. A bowsprit, in a chase of Scots at Yarmouth, 2l. 6,000 biscuit, beer, &c., lost when the William was sunk, 100l. Healing 16 men burnt at the taking of the Newfoundland ship, 6l. 18s. Half the tonnage of the Mary of Homflette, from 20 July to 27 Jan., 14l. 12s. 6d. Conduct of 24 Dutch gunners from London to Hull to serve in the William, the John, and "Cosgaly," set forth 20 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII., 9l. 16s. Lead dice and hides for repairing artillery, 6l. 12s. 8d. Delivered to Ric. Coo, groom of the Chamber, the King's part of the Michael, 6l. For tallowing all the ships on the sea, every two months, 10s. a cwt., 12l. The moieties of the Mary of Boleyn and other prizes, in the King's hands, 196l. 13s. 4d. To the vicar of Pagan, 3 months' tonnage for the Rakett, at 30s. a month. 9 months' wages of 3 trumpets and one sackbut, 20l. 6s. 6d. Rewards to masters and gunners. 24 handguns bought in Flanders, 4l. 60 pair harness, 20l., &c. Total, 1,438l. 13s. 2d.
Pp. 4.
Jan.
R. O.
84. The LOAN.
Report, by some Commissioner, of privy seals delivered to different persons in the western counties for loans of various amounts, in December 1523 and January 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 10, badly mutilated. Add.: To the most reverend, &c., cardinal of York.
Jan.
R. O.
85. SHIPPING.
Costs of shipping from 20 March to 24 August, paid by Wm. Seyntpeir and Wm. Beynam.
To Andrew Johnson, 10l. Fl. a month. Adrian Bosse, ship of 70 tons, 8l. 15s. Fl. a month. John Mathes, 90 tons, 11l. Fl. a month. John Valore, 60 tons, 7l. 10s. Fl. Thos. Perys, 70 tons, 8l. 15s. Fl. Bonne Adryon, 40 tons, 6l. Fl. John Besser, 62 tons, 8l. Fl. George Van Hychyngham, 60 tons, 7l. 10s. Fl. Wm. Derycson, 50 tons, 6l. 12s. 6d. Fl., and Mehell Fynke, 60 tons, 7l. 10s. Fl. With other sums.
A paper roll, endd.: "Thys ys Sempars boke." And elsewhere, in the same hand as the document: "Yf yt be provyd the Kyngs offessers pays 31 days for the monthe, the sayd schepers to have after the same manner, and not 28 days for the monthe."
R. O.2. Expenses paid by Wm. Seyntpeir (fn. 7) for making 374 lasts and 11 barrels "of the great bonde," at London, Berwick, and Calais, from the stuff bought in Flanders.
To Robt. Hall and Robt. Chapman, coopers, of London, for making 72 lasts and 7 barrels, finding the hoops, 5s. st. a last, 23l. 9s. 4½d. Fl. To coopers at Calais, at 2s. 4d. and 2s. 6d. Fl. a last. 40,600 hoops at 12d. st. a 100. Wages of 7 coopers at Berwick, from 7 May to 20 July, 6d. st. a day. Total, 102l. 18s. Fl.
Wages of other coopers at Berwick till 8 Dec., for making up 115 last of small barrels, which were made at Dunkirk, but broken up to save freight, 19l. 6s. 3d. Fl.
Total, 122l. 4s. 3d. Fl.
P. 1.
R. O.3. Another copy of the above.
Pp. 2.
Jan./GRANTS.86. GRANTS in JANUARY 1524.
3. George Whytwang, captain of The George of London. Protection for Wm. Marchall, wire-seller of London, whom he has retained to serve in the war. Windsor, 3 Jan.—P.S.
7. John Harryson, captain of The Marre Jamyse. Protection for Robt. Harmanson, of the Tower of London, yeoman. 7 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
14. John Barnard of Bristol, mariner. Protection. Newhall, 24 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
18. Sir Ric. Weston, captain. Protection for John Naper alias Dampere, of Reading, Berks, butcher. Del. Westm., 18 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
22. Wm. Crowche. To be bailiff and warrener of the lordship of Sherston; on the revocation of patent, 14 Sept. 2 Hen. VIII., granting the same to John Thompson, yeoman of the crown, to Hen. VII. Westm., 22 Jan.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 16.
23. John Bourgchier, lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Protection for Edm. Baker, of Norwich, inn-holder, alias "orshal-maker." Del. Westm., 23 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
23. Lord Berners. Protection for Hen. Starboro, of Norwich, worsted-weaver. Del. Westm., 23 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
23. Lord Berners. Protection for Th. Wolf, of Stalam, Norf., wool-merchant. Del. Westm., 23 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
23. John Speke, captain of The Nicholas, of Dermuthe. Protection for Leonard Osborn, of Bristoll and of London, merchant. Del. Westm., 23 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
24. Peres Carytas, of Bristoll, native of Condom, in Gascoigne. Protection. Newhall, 25 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
24. Robt. Votyer, of New Windsor, blacksmith, otherwise called Robenet, a native of Normandy. Protection. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
26. Ralph Thomson, comptroller of customs at Kingston-on-Hull. Licence, being Queen Katharine's page porter, to act by deputy in the above office. Westm., 26 Jan.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24.
27. Thos. Walsshe. To be remembrancer of the Exchequer, vice Rob. Blagge. Westm., 27 Jan.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p.2, m. 16.
28. John Bourgchier, lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Protection for Rob. Candeler, of London or of Westminster, fuller. Del. Westm., 28 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
28. Sir Edw. Ryngeley. To be bailiff and verger of Sandwich, on surrender of patent 17 June 23 Hen. VII. by Brian Tuke, clerk of the signet to Hen. VII., who held in the same manner as Th. Lovell. Del. Westm., 28 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat., p. 1, m. 5.
29. Ric. Thyrkyll, captain of Le Marie Bone Espoier. Protection for John Lorkyn, of St. Clement's Danes, London, butcher. Del. Westm., 29 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
29. Wm. Vaughan, LL.D. Presentation to the church of Kylgaron, St. David's dioc. Del. Westm., 29 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
30. John Mountague and Agnes his wife. Inspeximus of grant 5 Hen. V. to the above from Rob. More and Rob. Blanesford, of lands, &c. in Sutton Mountague and other districts. Westm., 30 Jan.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8.
30. Commission of Gaol Delivery.—York (City and Castle).—Anth. Fitzherbert, John Porte, and Th. Stray. Westm., 30 Jan.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17d.

Footnotes

1 See vol. III. 3680.
2 So in Bradford's translation, but qu. Nov. 1523 ?
3 See Act of Parliament, 21 Hen. VIII. c.23.
4 The original, which is in Cal. B. VI. 325, will be found noticed under date 5 Feb. post.
5 The document may be two or three years earlier.
6 29 Jan. in No. 2.
7 See Vol. III. No. 3094.

Annotations

182 jacob.ellis - (Wednesday 08 Apr 2009 11:52:07)
Entry number 68: For 'and that if do not send him money' read "and that if Francis do not send him money".
Errata to this volume.