Henry VIII
March 1524, 1-15


Institute of Historical Research



J. S. Brewer (editor)

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58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64


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'Henry VIII: March 1524, 1-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4: 1524-1530 (1875), pp. 58-64. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=91188 Date accessed: 23 November 2014.


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March 1524

1 March.
Calig. B. III.
137a. ALBANY to JOHN DE BARBON. (fn. 1)
Sends again the letters he had written to De Barbon, in answer to his from Morpeth. He will see that Albany is displeased at his having made so many people privy to his charge. Though there was nothing of importance in it, he ought not to have done so. Still less had he any business to go to France without having secured either the truce or abstinence both for France and Scotland, or at least letters in his favor from Wolsey to Madame. He ought not to have gone merely at Wolsey's desire. Hopes he will be wiser another time. Desires his return with all possible diligence, for which he has written to the Cardinal. Edinburgh, 1 March.
Hol., Fr., pp.2. Add.: "A Jehan de Barbon, mon secretaire."
R.O.2. Copy of the preceding.
1 March.
Calig. B. III.
Has received his answer to the letters sent by John de Barbon, who informs him of Wolsey's desire for peace. Complains that his secretary had been despatched into France without any arrangement having been made in the matters he had in charge. Wolsey ought to have given him a letter of credence to Madame, as he had none from Albany. Requests an answer, and that his secretary, if he is on his return, may be sent him, without delay. Edinburgh, 1 March. Signed.
Fr., p.1. Add.: "A Mons., &c., le cardinal de York, legat," &c.
R.O.2. Copy of the same in Barbon's hand.
P.1. Endd.
1 March.
Calig. B. II.
Received yesterday his letters of the 26 Feb., expressing a hope that the matters for which John de Barbon has passed, may succeed, and that ambassadors be sent whilst the truce lasts. Will take his advice in good part. John de Barbon has exceeded his commission by going into England without securing those points which he had in charge, i.e., abstinence of war for France and Scotland. If this be granted ambassadors shall be sent, who must tarry till Barbon return. Sends to him Barbon's brother. Is sorry that anything should be done by the wardens of the East and Middle Marches to hinder peace. Two or three days ago the English borderers burnt three or four Scotch villages. The wine he sent to Dacre was little worth his thanks. Edinburgh, 1 March.
P.S.—Begs him to send up the letters to John de Barbon. Signed.
Fr., pp.2. Add.: "To my cousin lord Dacres," &c.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 179.
2. The same in English, from Dacre's Letter book.
1 March.140. The PRIOR and CONVENT OF DARLEY.
Congé d'élire on the death of Hen. Wyndlay, abbot. Westm., 1 March.
Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p.2, m. 14.
2 March.
Strype's Mem.
I. 56.
Respecting the removal of certain gunpowder, of which the burgomasters of Antwerp had complained; urging also the dismissal of the provost of Utrecht, as too much inclined to France; with a threat, that if lady Margaret refused, the King would decline to hold any further communication with her touching their common interests. Whereas he had written before that Henry would send William Gonson to treat for the king of Denmark's ship, he has now been informed that it is old and worthless.
As to the words said to have been spoken by lady Margaret to his discredit, he was not inclined to refer to them again; and whatever words might be said in temper would not interrupt the good understanding between them.
Gives him further instructions respecting two ships which had been taken by the Flemings, and the proceedings taken by the King for the restoration of the king of Denmark; for which purpose the bp. of St. Asse and Sir John Baker have been appointed ambassadors. Westm., 2 March. (fn. 2)
3 March.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 173b
Received by Dan Patryk Thurbrand his letter and credence. The king of England is well inclined to peace. Trusts Albany will be of the same mind with the lords of the Council. There are good ways in working for the weal of both realms, which shall be known in a month if they come to good effect. The Abbot will then need no assurance; but if they fail, nothing can be sufficient surety for him, except under the King's great seal, which Dacre will try to obtain if necessary. Will bear no malice to him, either for the laird his brother or others; but as his brother, William Kar, is Dacre's prisoner, and he has a bond for his entry signed by the Abbot, the said Laird and Mark Karr, which has not been kept, he desires the Abbot to produce him in eight days, or he will be obliged to do according to the custom of the Borders. Never "dangered any prisoner or yielden man to the extremity," as both England and Scotland know, and does not intend to begin with him, notwithstanding his unkindness and the Laird's. Morpath, 3 March 15 Hen. VIII.
P.1. Headed: Copie, &c.
4 March.
A letter of compliments on the recal of Richard Pace. Rome, 4 March 1524, I pont.
Lat. Add. and endd.
4 March.
St. P. IV. 73.
Received, 24 Feb., by John de Barbon's brother, his letter dated Westminster the 18th, expressing surprise that Dacre had so readily disclosed to Albany the whole effect of his instructions, especially considering the "hault and unfitting matters" contained in those of the Duke. Not having power to negotiate himself, by which he might have "tracted the time," was obliged to send a servant to him with instructions of his own opinion, but was not so communicative as Wolsey supposes, and received answer by the Duke's secretary, from whom he thought Wolsey would be better able than himself to learn Albany's intentions.
On receipt of Wolsey's last, wrote a letter to Albany, of which he sends a copy, together with the answer received this day, and a packet of other letters sent by the Duke.
Sees well that Albany intends neither to come nor send ambassadors, but to leave Scotland. Has, therefore, sent some of his servants along the East and Middle borders to report what garrisons can be laid to annoy the enemy. Sends a "book" made thereof by Sir Will. Eure, lieutenant of the East Marches, and Sir John Bulmer, as deputy to his father Sir William, lieutenant of the East March, but thinks their plan impracticable. At the burning of Cornell and Branxton, and also at that of Furde, the inhabitants of Glendall and the East March would not rise to resist the Scots, unless they had wages now in time of war as last year. If garrisons be sent down they should be at least 1,000 men; at present there are but 472 at Berwick, Norham, Wark, and in the Middle Marches. Urges that provision be made for their payment, as he wrote on the 27th Dec. The soldiers threaten to leave if not paid immediately. Morpeth, 4 March. Signed.
Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 178 b.
B. M.
2. Copy of the same.
4 March.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 178.
B. M.
Reminds him of his agreement to meet Dacre at Hexham when he goes westward, that he might settle his variance with the prior of Hexham for certain land. Hears that he has taken nearly 40 kine and oxen from the poor men of Caulton in distress, and keeps them, though it is the time of their sowing. Desires him to re-deliver them; and promises, if he does not agree with the Prior, or his deputy, he being impotent, before the next session of peace at Morpeth, on the Thursday after Low Sunday, to let him have sufficient distress on the Saturday after the sessions. A session of peace will be held at Rothbury, on the Thursday before Palm Sunday, for inquiry, and the session at Morpeth for delivery. Morpath, 4 March 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
4 March.
Vesp. C. II.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 27th Feb., advertising him of the surrender of Fontarabia by a bastard of the marshal of Navarre, who was in treaty with the constable of Castile. Spain is poisoned by two factions; one the Velasco, of which the Constable is head; the other the Manrique, of which the Admiral is head. The marshal of Navarre belongs to the former. Sir Ric. Jerningham's servant has arrived with letters from England. Vittoria, 4 March.
P.S.—The Emperor goes to Burgos on the 7th.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.
4 March.147. For LEDES CHURCH, Cant. dioc.
Assent to the election of Thos. Chetham, canon of Ledes, as prior of Ledes church, vice Ric. Chetham; the canons of the said church having the privilege of electing their own priors without congé d'eliré. Westm., 4 March.
Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
5 March.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 13.
Confirmation of his title of "Fidei Defensor." Rome, 3 non. Martii 1523.
Gold seal attached.
8 March.
R. O.
Has received his letter thanking him for his loving entertainment of Compton. Did no more than his duty, as the King at his departure bid him make the more of him for his sake. Newcastle, 8 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
9 March.
Vit. B. VI. 41.*
B. M.
Casali has thanked him, in Wolsey's name, for aiding in certain business for the increase of his dignity. Will be always ready to serve him. Rome, 7 id. March 1524. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
9 March.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 181.
B. M.
Wolsey hears that Dacre has received a quarter's rent, due at St. Cuthbert's day in Lent, of the revenues of Norham and Iland shires, and has ordered him to write to Dacre for payment of it. Asks him to send it to Durham on Monday next, as Mr. Bulmer, who has to account for the residue, and Sir Wm. Laveroke, who has received it under Mr. Bulmer, will be there on that day to meet my Lord's auditor. Duresme, 9 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
10 March.
Nero, B. VI. 51.
B. M.
Being prevented by illness from going to the King, sends the bearer, a servant of Mons. de Bourbon, with a letter from Bourbon to himself. Henry could not have a better opportunity than now to annoy Francis, he is so pressed by others. Recommends him to send over an army ("faire passer de vos gans (fn. 3) ") for the reasons he has written to Wolsey. Canterbury ("Quantorbery"), Thursday, 10 March. Signed.
Orig., Fr., p. 1. Add.
11 March.
Vit. B. VI. 14.
B. M.
In these times of war have elected Clement VII. for his experience and prudence. He is about to send the archbp. of Capua to the Christian sovereigns to induce them to peace, or at least truce. Beg him to urge Henry to abandon his private grudges, and turn his arms against the Turks, as he has already turned his pen against Luther. Rome, 11 March 1524.
Lat., p. 1. mutilated. Add.: Rmo, &c., Tho. car. Eboracensi confratri nostri clarissimo.
11 March.
R. O.
Thanks Wolsey for his favor shown to the bearer, her son Reynolde, for her husband's sake and for her own. Sends him to serve Wolsey, according to Wolsey's promise to her husband, when he left, to provide for his learning and promotion. The Vyne, 11 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c., my lord Cardinal and Legate's grace. Endd.
11 March.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 258.
Since he last wrote, Tausans, an ancient gentleman of Bourbon's, arrived here, who says La Faiette was sent to the Duke to betray his master, for he only remained in Lorraine four or five days. He was in arrear 50,000 crowns for the money he received for the fortification of Boulogne, which he had been condemned to pay, but the French king forgave him in order to entrap Bourbon. When he saw the Duke went to Almayne, he returned to France, and was put in charge of 100 horse to pursue Tausans and other friends of Bourbon. Wrote lately that the French king was raising 400 men to reinforce his army under Longueville beyond the mountains; but he only got 200 to go, those that returned spoke so badly of their treatment, saying they had not received a penny of wages. 4,000 Swiss are crossing the mountains to join them, by leave of the Cantons, but without their orders. It is said the French queen is dead, having been long sick of the French pox. This gentleman confirms his report about the destruction of the corn in France. No prince was ever more hated by his subjects. He has taxed them so heavily he will find it hard to get more, and, it is said, would have taken from the nobles a fifth part of their revenues, if he had dared. Besançon, 11 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. and endd.
11 March.
Vit. B. VI. 15.
B. M.
To the same effect as the preceding, with two additional paragraphs, which are printed in the "State Papers," VI. 259, note. Same date.
13 March.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 183.
B. M.
Received on the 11th his letter dated Duresme, 9 inst. It was difficult to make up his account so shortly, as his books were in Cumberland, but has taken the more pains to do it, that it may not be put off any longer. Sends by Chr. Thrilkeld the account for the half year following the last which Frankeleyn has, and asks him to send back the surplusage of the said two accounts, according to Frankeleyn's writing, which he thinks is 63l. 18s. 6¼d. As to the rents of Norham and Eland shires due at St. Cuthbert's day, Thrilkeld received 7l. 16s.; of which 6l. 12s. was paid by his son, lord Graistok, to six gunners in Norham castle, as wages for a month and sixteen days, after the late Bishop's death; the remainder, 24s., was all he had for the wages of himself and his company. Refers his further reward to Wolsey's pleasure. Asks him to despatch Thrilkeld shortly, as he has the charge of Wark castle, and desires credence for him. Thanks him for helping John More when at the Durham assizes on Dacre's business. Morpath, 13 March 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copie, &c.
13 March.
Galba, B. VI. 11.
B. M.
After the receipt of Wolsey's letters, dated Westminster, the 2nd inst., which came on the 7th, delivered Wolsey's letters and message to my lady Margaret touching the restitution of certain ships freighted with wines; stating that Wolsey would say no more of the words spoken by herself and lord Hooghsterat, who had misinterpreted him, and he begged that all might be forgotten. She might always rely upon the King's friendship. Margaret made an equally cordial reply, and said she could not believe that Wolsey really meant what was reported by the ambassadors. As to the matter in hand, had obtained letters to lord Bevers and the count de Gaure, commanding that, wherever "it (the ship ?) was found," it should be kept as safely as if for the Emperor. Shortly afterwards, de Beure certifying that a ship laden with French wines had been taken and brought to Zeland, my Lady commanded it to be released, and sent to whatever port of England Knight should think best. Has obtained my Lady's letters to the burgomasters of Antwerp for the safe custody of the King's powder, which was already removed to a sure tower, before Wolsey's letters arrived. Encloses articles, of which he made request to my Lady, with her answer, touching the voyage of the King's ambassadors to the Diet at Lubeck. Will write in his next touching Dom Prevost of Utrecht, concerning whom my Lady has continually delayed to make answer. Mechlin, this x[iij.] day of March.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: "Lord Legate's good grace."
14 March.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 185.
B. M.
Has received his letter by John de Barbon's brother, saying that if Albany will order the earl of Lennox to stop all great incursions till Barbon's return, he will do the same for England. Hears from the French king and his mother that the King has returned to Paris from Blois, and would despatch Barbon in haste. Asks Dacre to procure him good and ready expedition from the king of England. Hopes that matters will come to a good effect. Wishes him to send word immediately he has an answer to the despatch he sent last, or if he hears of Barbon's coming. Will do likewise anything that may help these matters. Edinburgh, 14 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
14 March.160. For the CONVENT OF ST. WERBURG, CHESTER.
Congé d'eliré on the resignation of John Byrchenshawe, late abbot. Westm., 14 March.
Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
15 March.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 180b.
B. M.
Wolsey writes that he has sent the Abbot 2,000l., and has provided more money, for the payment of the garrisons on the Borders. Asks him to deliver the said sum, and more if he has it, to the bearers, Humfrey Phalem and Thos. Calentyre. 2,000l. will not do more than pay what is due, and a month's wages beyond. Pence will be of no service, for it is hard enough to retain men with the best money he can get. When "grisse" is upon the ground, the King's subjects can be compelled to take pence, but not now. Morpath, 15 March 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
15 March.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 159.
B. M.
Thanks him for the pains he has taken between lord Scrope and her. Has received letters from both of them. Has consulted my lord of London, and other of her husband's friends, who think that lord Scrope's offer about the jointure and the repayment of her money is so little and so unusual, and his demands so great, that they will not allow her to meddle with the bargain. Is sorry it cannot take effect, as it has been so long in communication. Never had any offer of marriage for her daughter that she so wished to go forward as this, or else she would not have made such large offers. Asks him to favor her cousin, the bearer, about his father's bequest. From the Court at Greenwich, 15 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.


1 This letter is extremely difficult to decipher from the badness of Albany's handwriting.
2 The original of this letter has not been found, and it is not very clear from Strype's language whether it consists of one despatch or more.
3 Sic.