Henry VIII
December 1524, 26-31

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J. S. Brewer (editor)

Year published

1875

Pages

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Henry VIII: December 1524, 26-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4: 1524-1530 (1875), pp. 406-430. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=91218 Date accessed: 17 September 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

December 1524

26 Dec.
Vit. B.VI. 257. B.M.
939. CLERK to [WOLSEY].
Yesterday the Pope told him that Albany's factor had complained of the imprisonment of the archbishop of St. Andrew's, and the other bishop in Scotland, and that he had written to exhort James to refer the matter to the court of Rome, telling Clerk that the Datary would show him the brief. Did not like the tenor thereof, and returned to the Pope. Said it was true he was Christ's vicar, and high judge to all Christian princes; but that the kings of England and Scotland had always observed the Church's liberties, and his Holiness must allow that a king is not bound to suffer a prelate reasonably suspected of treason to be at large until he can send to Rome, for meantime mischief might be wrought beyond remedy.
Begged him to consider James's position, and the resistance and conspiracies of Albany's faction, of whom the Archbishop is the chief; that on account of his mis-spending the King's revenues during his minority, and for his own profit, he was thought to be doing all he could to set up the Duke again, of which his own words and deeds were proofs; that James being thus justified, his Holiness could not honorably send him such a brief, which, though "hortarie," was "powderyd with so sore words," as if he took the matter as an injury done to the Apostolic see; that if he had first written more mildly this would be better tolerated. Assured him that the Archbishop was not kept in as strict prison as was pretended, but at large in ... Castle, having his walks, and access of his friends, as far as could be with the King's safety, which it was necessary to provide for; that such an incident was nothing new, for both the French king and Emperor at this hour were doing the like; that a bishop died lately in prison in France, and his bishopric was given to the Datary; but Clerk did not suppose he had written thus to Francis. Told him that they are not so cruel beyond the mountains as in Italy; for if the Archbishop had lived here, and had ten lives, he would have lost them all, as here they act on the maxim that only a dead man cannot fight again. Begged him to consider, and that he would see that neither ought such a brief to be written, nor ought he to desire the matter to be referred to Rome, nor ought the King to be desired to give them more liberty than would be safe for him.
He said he had not seen the brief, and asked Clerk to read it, which he did. He said he did not like it, and had wished Clerk to see it to give his opinion. Clerk said Wolsey, as his legate, was more fit to do that. He answered, that Albany laid all the fault of it on the King and Wolsey, and he could not refer it to them; that the Duke and his party were so importunate that he could do no less than write a brief for them now and then; that for all briefs, the King could do as he thought best, "and said, God forbede els." As the brief stated that his Holiness would send to Scotland on the matter, asked him to be careful lest Francis or Albany should abuse their influence, and procure the sending of some one who would disturb the friendship with England. He said they had tried to procure the nomination of the Nuncio, but that he had replied he would send one of his own servants, and a man he could trust to treat nothing but what was committed to him. Does not think he had determined on the person. He told Clerk not to fear anything would be sent that would disturb the amity with England, or any of the King's purposes.
As to the war, he said there was no more hope of truce than when Clerk last wrote. The Imperialists, who are in extreme necessity, and doubtless at a great afterdele, remit all to the Emperor, from whom no letters have come these three months. The Pope thinks it great neglect, now his affairs are in such desperation. He asked Clerk to urge Wolsey to devise some way of peace, for there are daily news of the Turk's preparations, and next summer he expects Hungary will be totally lost. He says that Francis still intends to attack Naples, and has despatched Albany again with 600 men-at-arms and 7,000 foot, who have already passed "the floode callyd the Poo;" that the Viceroy and the rest of the army here, numbering 10,000 foot and 500 men-at-arms, had left their camp near Cremona, and crossed the Po to attack Albany, and stop certain stores sent by the duke of Ferrara to the French camp at Pavia. He thinks Albany will not fight, but fortify himself at Florenzole or Burgo Saynt ... and wait for reinforcements. Others think Albany too light-headed to wait. They are very near together, and if either side were English they would not be long asunder. All here wish them to fight, as the whole matter will depend on the issue. Both are in Parma, Church territory, and spoil and waste at pleasure, paying nothing. Both take the Pope as their friend, and seem trying who can spoil and take fastest. His Holiness is very evil contented, but does not show it yet, though he must, if they continue.
The Venetians will not join the Emperor's cause, saying that there is no chance of victory, "and that they have no mo stati ... lease butt one, and therfor they will in no wise jop[ard.]" The siege continues at Pavia. Francis thinks he shall take it by famine, which many here fear, unless it is rescued. Has had much trouble about the King's money, and has sent to Master Fermor, a London merchant at Florence, who has helped them to dispose of part, and taken part himself, to be paid in July. Had no hope of finding any one who would take shorter days, and the time was running on to the King's loss. Has made exchange of 22,000 cr. to be paid in July at London, of which Russell sends the bills. The merchants say it is disadvantageous to pay money in England, for if they have money there, they could spend it more profitably in wool and other merchandise. Fermor has taken his share, against his will, to serve the King. Rome, 26 Dec.
News has come that Lescu with 400 spears and 6,000 foot has crossed the Po and joined Albany, so that the Viceroy is no longer a match for them, and will return to the place beside Cremona, whence he came, or to some other strong place. Signed.
Pp. 8, mutilated.
26 Dec.
R. O.
940. FITZWILLIAM to WOLSEY.
Since writing last, the garrison has made three or four courses. Last Thursday, Palmer, with 140 horse and 300 foot, took at Wast 30 prisoners, and cloth and shoes, which will serve for many of the men this Christmas. Hears that De Fynes, De Bever, and count Egmont are come to St. Omers, and that De Istelden intends to be there shortly with 200 men-at-arms, but he does not know their purpose. They have had many better opportunities of doing some enterprise, if they had been so minded. It is reported at Boulogne, and on the frontiers, that the kings of England and France have concluded peace, leaving out the Emperor, and that Francis will shortly send an ambassador to England. Has been often asked if it be true, and answered that he had not heard of it. Had better come over, if there is to be a peace, to consult the King about this country, and the fortifications and garrisons here. The bearer, Palmer, who is mentioned above, has asked for licence to go to the King about certain affairs of his. He is as hardy and painful a man as serves any prince christened, and has done the King good service. Guisnes, 26 Dec.
Has written a similar letter to the King. Trusts Wolsey has given orders for the payment of the garrison. Hears that Fynes is already arrived at St. Omers. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
27 Dec.
Eras. Ep. p. 841.
941. ERASMUS to VIVES.
Is glad to hear he is in such favor with the king and queen of England, but that will not keep body and soul together. Thinks that the sudden departure of Livinus was the reason why he did not hear from Mountjoy. Would feel more bitterly the death of Linacre, if he did not consider from what torments he was withdrawn. Frobenius is not inclined to print the works of Vives, as nothing sells but works on the Lutheran controversy; and he complains that he has not sold at Frankfort a single copy of De Civitate Dei. Basle, 27 Dec. 1524.
Lat.
27 Dec.
Vit. B.VI. 261. B.M.
942. RUSSELL to [WOLSEY].
Since his last letters, Clerk and he have done all they could to deliver the rest of the money, but no one will take it at less than seven or eight months.
Has given 2,000 cr. at seven months. If he cannot manage the rest more advantageously, will bring it home. Sent for Ric. Fermer, an English merchant at Florence, to ask his advice, but he says no good can be done there. He has taken 8,000 cr., according to his bills, but he says it is only to serve the King, for he will not profit by it. Sends bills of the former exchange also. Rome, 27 Dec. Signed.
P. 1.
27 Dec.
Calig. B. II. 87. B.M.St. P. IV. 277.
943. MAGNUS to WOLSEY.
Wrote on the 22nd of the arrival of two of Albany's galleys at Dunbar, with Mr. Davy Beton and other officers of Albany. On his arrival, Beton, though he was ambassador for the king of Scots in France, went straight to the archbishop of St. Andrew's, without seeing the King or Queen. The others brought wine and corn to victual Dunbar. They have a commission from Francis, of which Groselles, captain of Dunbar, is principal, to treat with the Queen and Lords, and have obtained leave to repair to her; but they demand as pledges lord Evendale and others, (Magnus thinks Henry and James Steward, lord Evendale's brothers,) to which she will not consent. Some say the duke of Urbino's daughter, Albany's kinswoman, is offered to James in marriage; others, Madame Renée. The Queen has been warned that Groselles means to go to France with the two galleys and the best of the men and ordnance at Dunbar. Has always reminded the Queen of the injuries Scotland has sustained from France, but these suits have made her not a little high-minded.
On Christmas eve she said to one Will. Hetherington, in Magnus's company, that the French king had sent her 30,000 cr., and it would be long before she had as much from England; yet Magnus had got her to confess that same day that, but for the King's support, she would have been utterly put down, and her son taken from her. Arran has appointed meetings with Angus, and it is believed they will agree, though the Queen tries all she can to prevent them. Has seen a letter from the archbishop of St. Andrew's, trying to bring the Lords to agreement, and saying the bishop of Aberdeen was inclined the same way. Believes, if they were all agreed, the Queen is likely to be little regarded, unless the King take her part. Has given Angus warning not to be won over to France by crafty ways.
The Queen speaks more favorably of angus than of Lennox, and says she hopes Angus will come to a better way than was thought. Cannot tell what she means.
Notwithstanding his old suspicions of the controller Rob. Barton, called in England Hob à Barton, finds him much better disposed to England than to France. Is right familiar with him, and learns many things from him. He is a man of great substance for these parts, and seeks for ease and saving of his goods. His companion, Davy Fawconer, is ready to fight against Albany.
The ambassadors are now with the King and Wolsey. It is to be remembered that the Lords here are poor. The Queen wishes something given to Arran for taking her part, of which the King and Wolsey will consider.
Has just been informed by the Controller that Groselles has crossed the Firth with the galleys to St. Andrew's.
P.S.—The Queen is troubled about the matter last mentioned. A Frenchman has come from Groselles to say they durst not let the galleys remain at Dunbar for fear of the English, and that Groselles had gone to St. Andrew's to prevent a meeting of Angus and Lennox with the Archbishop. The Queen continually complains of Angus having been sent to Scotland, yet incessantly calls for money. She now desires a number of men on the Borders in case of need, fearing the Lords will band against her. Arran and his bastard son, Sir James Hamilton, are grieved at being neglected by Henry; while Murray, and others who opposed setting the King at large are in favor. Has appointed to meet the Earl and confer on these matters.
Will send to St. Andrew's for news, and write to Angus to see what he and Lennox will do. Edinburgh, 27 Dec. Signed.
Add.
27 Dec.
Calig. B. I. 118. B.M.
944. [MAGNUS] to the ARCHBISHOP OF ST. ANDREW'S.
Has no more news from England. Trusts the Archbishop will excuse his not coming to St. Andrew's this Christmas, according to his invitation sent by Adam Otterborne. There is some talk here of the arrival of the Frenchmen at Dunbar with the two galleys, and of their departure thence to St. Andrew's. Begs the Archbishop, as the greatest personage of the realm, to consider that it would be more honorable for him to rule under the King, with the assistance of the king of England, than under a stranger, "albeit of good honor," who, it is said, has been often "right strait and sore unto you." Considering the esteem in which he is held by Henry, the "great favor likely to ensue between my lord Legate" and him, and his communications with Radclif and himself, trusts he will regard the weal of his sovereign and his realm. Desires to be informed of any news touching France or Scotland "convenient to be known." Edinburgh, 27 Dec.
Copy by Magnus's clerk, pp. 2. Headed: To, &c. the archbishop of St. Andrewes.
[Dec.]
Calig. B. I. 75. B.M.
945. [MAGNUS] to ANGUS.
Has been informed by Mr. George, Angus's brother, of the arrival at Dunbar of the two galleys with Albany's servants. Had desired him, through his brother, not to be circumvented by the French, nor allow Lennox to be so. Many practices are on foot, both by spiritual and temporal persons, to tempt noblemen from their allegiance. He should do nothing without the advice of "the King my master," or of my lord Legate.
Copy by Magnus, p. 1. Headed: "To the right honorable the earl of Angwisshe." Endd.: "From therle of Angwisshe."
28 Dec.
R. O.
946. CAMPEGGIO to WOLSEY.
Wrote last from Vienna to thank the King for his liberality. Arrived at Buda on the 18th, and was met by the King more than two miles from the city. Does not know what he will accomplish, but hopes to incite the country to lay garrisons on the frontier to guard against sudden attacks. It is reported that the Turk is making preparations both by land and sea, and putting a number of small vessels on the river. Will also practise for the reduction of the Bohemians. Does not send Italian news, as he hears very seldom, and knows that Wolsey has abundant information. Knows that Pavia was quite safe on the 10 Dec. Buda, 28 Dec. 1524. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
29 Dec.
Calig. B. I. 119. B.M.St. P. IV. 282.
947. JAMES ARCHBISHOP OF ST. ANDREW'S to MAGNUS.
Received a letter from him yesterday by a servant of Adam Ottirburn's, and two others today; the one by the treasurer of Glasgow, in answer to his credence; the other by Will. Hadryngtoun, touching the arrival of the Frenchmen at Dunbar, &c. The Frenchmen arrived at Dunbar before Zoile (Yule, i.e. Christmas), with the Archbishop's "cousin of Arbroath," in two gallions, "to bring furnishing to the house of Dunbar, and sure conducting of my said cousin," whom they brought to the Archbishop. Trusts he has since gone to the King and Queen to deliver his answer from the King and three estates of France, and excused himself for not visiting them first. Part of the Frenchmen came to St. Andrew's on St. Stephen's day, others since. Knew nothing of their coming till they "knokit at ye zet (I beand at my denner), in cumpany with ye remanent of my Lords being in this toune for the tyme, and leit yame in and tretit yame as accordit, because thai had writingis furth of France to me and utheris my Lords being heir, bot yai war generall and of auld datis." Their gallions did not come hither, but passed into the Tay. Will abide by his conversations with Magnus and Ratcliff, and thinks it long till the writings come that they devised should be sent from the King and Wolsey "to quhat personagis ze knaw." Is more desirous than ever of the effect of that commoning. It was never his fault that he did not remain in office to serve his King and Queen. The displeasures against him were moved on no good ground, and if there be any now it is grounded on mere suspicions. Would be glad to have personal speech with Magnus to carry out what they talked about. The news that "ilk cuntre will say of thame selffis" would be long to write. Milan and Pavia still hold out against the French, but they remain in Lombardy, awaiting reinforcements of artillery. St. Andrew's, 29 Dec. Signed.
Add.: To my lord Ambassiator of Ingland.
P. 1. Endd.: "From Master Magnus and the bishop of St. Andrew's, and his letters of answer made unto them."
29 Dec.948. THOMAS EARL OF ARUNDEL.
His will, 12 Oct. 1524. Proved 29 Dec. 1524. Printed in Nicolas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 604.
30 Dec.
Galba, B. VIII. 134*. B.M.
949. MARGARET OF SAVOY to WOLSEY.
Lately wrote that, at the request of the count de Goure and the estates of Flanders, she had granted them permission to procure 15 milliers of French salt, and to obtain a safe-conduct from the French king for the purpose. Begs Wolsey to get the King to confirm it, as the affair may concern him. Has made a similar grant to Thos. Barnabe, at the request of the King and Wolsey. Salt is rather dear in Flanders. Writes on the subject to De Praet. Malines, 30 Dec. 24. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
30 Dec.
R. O.
950. SAMPSON to WOLSEY.
The Council here have desired him to ask Wolsey for licence to Petre de Izicar, the Emperor's officer in Ampuzca, to export from England 1,200 hanegas of wheat to victual Fontarabia, &c., paying the customs as others do. The hanega is equal to a bushel. Does not know what is intended, but all the ships here are retained for the Emperor's service. Begs that Izicar may have the licence, as it is the first request the Council have made to Sampson. Madrid, 30 Dec. 1524.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
31 Dec.
R. O.
951. WM. KNIGHTE to WOLSEY.
Hearing that Wolsey intends to send commissioners to require that all monies valued too high should be reduced to their usual value, has spoken with several who hear daily the Council's opinion, and they think it is not likely to be done while the wars continue, as the chief merchandise now is finances; and besides, as their "gooldes" are highly esteemed in France, if they lower their value they will all be carried thither. On the other hand, the master of the posts, who associates with the treasurers, receivers, and financiers, says that the Lady and Council are determined to put all the gooldes at their true price. If the former is their real intention, the commissioners should be instructed what to say against the said reasons. If the latter, it will be superfluous to require them to do it. Can find out the truth by inquiring of Mons. De Hooghstrate, chief of the finances, but will not meddle without special orders. Mechlyn, 31 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
31 Dec.
R. O.
952. SIR JOHN SKEVINGTON.
Will of Sir John Skevington, alderman of London, and merchant of the staple of Calais.
Appoints as his executors Benjamin Digby, mercer, Ric. Fermer, grocer, merchant of the staple of Calais, and Rob. Shether and Guy Rawlenson, merchant tailors, of London. Directs his body to be buried within the high choir of the church of the Crossed Friars, beside the Tower, if he die within ten miles of the city, but if not, in any convenient place, His debts are to be paid within twelve months after his decease. Immediately after his "month's mind," all his goods, debts, plate, ready money, &c. are to be divided into three equal parts, according to the ancient custom of the city; one part for his wife, dame Elizabeth; the second to William, his son, or, if he die before he is 21, it is to be disposed in charity. His daughter Elizabeth has her preferment already, being married to George Griffith, son and heir of Sir Walter Griffith. The third part is for the following bequests: to the Crossed Freres, for the new buildings of their conventual church, 50l.; for a marble tomb, with his image and that of his wife, if she chooses to be buried there, with their children at their feet; to the high altar of St. Michael's, Cornhill, for tithes forgotten while he lived in the parish, 20s.; to the high altar of St. Mary Wolnoth, Lombard Street, where he is now a parishioner, 20s.; to his sister Eleyn, 10l.; to each of her children, 5l.; to his sister Joice Zouche, 10l.; to Eleyn, her daughter, 5l.; to Thos. Morton's wife, 5l.; to each of his sister Crafford's two children, 5l.; to his sister Wescote, 6l. 13s. 4d.; to each of her children, 2l.; to his sister, Fulcis' wife, 6l. 13s. 4d.; to each of her children, 3l. 6s. 8d.; to his nephew Matthew Skevington, 10l.; to Leonard Skevington, 5l.; to his nephew John Sheppard, 6l. 13s. 4d.; to Mary Stapleton, his servant, 5l.; to Alice Whetell, my lady's maid, 2l.; to all his other maidens and women servants, 20s.; to Chr. Vavassour, his apprentice, 10l., and to be made free in Flanders of the fellowship of Merchant Adventurers of England, at the testator's charge; to each of his other apprentices 5l.; to Sir Fulke Simon, his chaplain, 5l.; for new casting the roof in the middle aisle of St. Mary Wolnoth, 10l.; to his godson John, son of John Devereux, scrivener, 20s.; to his other godchildren, 6s. 8d.; to Eliz. Warley, widow, for her attention to him when ill, 10l. and a black gown; to Hugh Welshe, goldsmith, 20s. and a black gown; to Nich. Forster, his cook, beside his wages, 3l.; to his other servants, 20s.; to Chr. Stevynson, parish priest of St. Mary Wolnoth, to pray for his soul, 20s.; to old Agnes Dycar, to pray for his soul, 6s. 8d.; to his brother, Thomas Skevington, 20l.; to each of his children, 40s.; to Ric. Grigge, serjeant, a black gown; and to his wife Mary, Skevington's cousin, 40s. and a black gown; to the parish church of Skevington, where he was born, a vestment, &c., with his arms on the cross, worth 6l. 13s. 4d.; to Our Lady of Bradley, in Leicestershire, a white damask vestment, with like arms, worth 53s. 4d.; to Mrs. Benet, a black gown; to the master, wardens, and fellowship of Merchant Tailors in London, of which he is a member, one of his silver basins and a ewer; to the Grey, Black, Augustin, and White Friars of London, to pray for his soul, and bring his body to burial, 8l.,; to the six persons of his fellowship who bear his body, 6s. 8d. each; to be distributed among poor prisoners during two years after his decease, 20l.; towards the marriages of sixty poor maidens of good name and fame, 6s. 8d. each; to Sir Walter Griffith, to his wife, to Geo. Griffith, their son, to Eliz. his wife, the testator's daughter, to Mr. Alleyn and Mr. Lambard, aldermen, to James Wilford, to the master of his company at the time of his decease, to each of his brothers and sisters, natural and in law, to each of his apprentices and servants, to Ric. Patrick, his attorney at Calais (who is also to be rewarded at the executors' discretion for his service to them), to his nephews Matthew and Leonard, to John Nutte and his wife, a black gown each. 24 new torches are to be carried at his burial, besides wax tapers, by 24 honest poor neighbours. After his month's mind, they are to be given to the parish churches which his corpse will pass, and the remainder to be divided between St. Mary Wolnoth and the Crossed Freres, to burn before the glorious sacrament, and at Corpus Christi day. To the houses of the Freres Observants at Greenwich and Richmond, 40s.; to Sir Walter Griffith, his best gown of pewke, with fur of foynes, and a gold ring of the Five Wounds, worth 3l. 6s. 8d., to my lady his wife, his second best gilt cup and cover; to Geo. Griffith and his wife, a silver basin and ewer, a gilt standing cup with a cover, and six goblets, three gilt and three silver, with two covers; to Rob. Wheler and his wife, black gowns; to Wm. Larke, draper, a black gown; to his nephews, _ Crafford's sons, 5l. 6s. 8d.; to Ant. Coly, "and to my nevieu which shalbe his wife," daughter of my brother Sir William, a black gown and gold ring, value 2l. each; to his nephew Hen. Digby, 3l. 6s. 8d. and a black gown; to his cousin Chr. Villers, Esq., a gold ring of the Five Wounds, value five marks, and a black gown; to his nephew Thos. Moreton, gent., 5l.; to his nephew Matthew Skevington, one of his best black velvet doublets and jackets; to his nephews Antony and Thomas, and to Ric. Reynold, citizen and mercer of London, his deputy in his ward, a black gown each; to St. Mary Wolnoth, a new silver chrismatory, value five marks; to Edw. Brocton, clerk of the staple, 40s. and a black gown; to John Devereux, scrivener of London, a black gown. And the remainder of the third part is to be distributed by his executors in charitable deeds. Leaves to each of his executors 10l., and black gowns for themselves and their wives; and to his brother Sir William, whom he appoints supervisor, 6s. 13s. 4d. Witnessed by Nic. Lambard, alderman, Jas. Wilford, late alderman, Thos. Skevington, Chr. Villers, Roger Ratcliff, Paul Withipoll, Ant. Coly, Hen. Digbe, gent., Hugh Welshe, goldsmith, and John Devereux, notary. 31 Dec. 1524, 17 (fn. 1) Hen. VIII.
Leaves his manors, &c. as follows: All feoffees to his use are to be feoffees to his wife at his death. She is to hold all his lordships, tenements, rents, &c. in Yorks., Staffordsh., Middlesex, and elsewhere in the realm, doing all repairs, paying the chief rents, &c., till his son William is 21 years of age; when those in Staffordsh., and in Heryngay or Harynsey and Tottynham, Middx., are to be hers for life, and those in Yorks, are to be administered by his executors for his son till he is 24. At his wife's death, her portion shall come to his son, except lands in Haryngay in the tenure of John Hunt alias Fisher and in Tottenham in the tenure of _ Ederich or Goodwyn, butcher, which are to go to Elizabeth Griffith his daughter. Makes arrangements for remainder, in default of heirs of the above, to his brothers Sir William and Thomas, and his nephews Matthew and Leonard. The tenements in Tottenham are not be to left to his wife, but sold and added to his moveable goods, &c. Witnesses the same as above, excepting Thos. Skevington and John Devereux. 31 Dec. 1524, 16 Hen. VIII.
Copy, pp. 53.
R. O.953. The ORDER OF BLACK MONKS to WOLSEY.
Have read the book of the statutes of St. Benedict, which he sent to them last week. Many of the rules ought to be received by all good monks, but others are too austere for these times. The number of monks and monasteries in England is too great to allow of their being enforced without exciting murmurs and a rebellious spirit. Beg him to modify the reformation of their Order so as not to drive the weak into flight, apostacy, or rebellion, nor to keep away those who intend to enter the Order. Without doubt, if the reformation is conducted with too much austerity, there will not be sufficient monks to inhabit the monasteries. In the present times, now the world is drawing to its end, very few desire to live an austere life. The members of the order of Black Monks in England, assembled in London by Wolsey's order.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Thomæ, Cardinali, legato, &c.
R. O.954. The PRIOR OF WENLOCK.
"The answer of Dan Rouland Bridge, prior of Wenlocke, to the articles of complaint laid against him for vexation, by surmise of certain of his convent, and other of his enemies, at the visitation of my lord Cardinal's grace, legate de latere."
The 1st and 2nd articles, he says, are untrue. Never wrote against his late master, excepting an account of his acts, in a chronicle of all the priors, which he revoked at his said master's wish. The 3rd was examined before Charles bishop of Hereford, at his confirmation, and determined to be no act of apostasy. The 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th he denies. Concerning the 8th, says that Dan Wm. Corfitt, the sexton, carried off the convent seal to Dudley after Rowland's election, that no certificate thereof might be sent for the Royal assent. The electors thereupon desired Mr. Wm. Burghitt, LL.D., vicar-general to the bishop of Hereford and official principal of his consistory, to affix the seal of his office, which was admitted by the Cardinal. Knows nothing of the 9th and 10th. To the 11th, never borrowed money except as appears in his accounts to the visitor. The 12th is untrue. Discharged his bailiff at Eton, Ric. Longley, for his evil demeanor. To the 13th, cut down no timber, but crop and lop. To the 14th, "there can be no such giste in the law betwixt a monk and his master," and he knows of none. To the 15th, never withdrew the said rent, but found his predecessors in possession of it; "as to the 4l., they delivered him a chalice made by Dan Ric. Fishwike, of broken silver of the house, in the name of the same, for the exchange of certain bells, which is done." The 16th is untrue; but the disputed with a master of arts, vicar of the town, in a question of Duns de Sacramento Altaris, not holding such opinion assertively. To the 17th and 18th, has apparelled a "crouch" (cross) of ivory of St. Milburg, a holy relique, with the same rings, beads, brooches, and harnessed girdles, and has the owches safe, intending to have put them into a mitre, for the honor of God and the house. To the 19th and 20th, says that there is such a confederacy among some of his brethren, "for restraining their old unlawful liberties, and for the rending off their rule, and closing up of back doors to the cloister and monastery, that they would not come to the chapter at his calling, and for their contumacy mad[e] ... s against them, and had his ser[vant] ... yng the cloister, fearing their ... a ... and caused certain his friends to accompany with them to know their malicious purpose, and for the said execution he is daily in fear of his life."
A slip of paper written on both sides.
R. O.955. THOMAS CROMWELL.
1. An inventory of documents.
Three bills of Robt. Gedge, bills of Rauf Nevyle, and Symond Fytzrychard, and of Thos. Smith, "for the house in Fanchurche." Acquittances by John Eston, by lord George, and eight for the great garden at Bethlehem. A broken bill of Ric. Garnam, a bill of certain plate, bills of Thos. Jenyn, John Chaulor, Dame Alice Watts, Thos. Bradshaw, Ant. Ayleworth, given to Thos. Crumwell, Robt. Amadas, and Thos. Baxter. A letter of Nic. Longmede. A bill of Mr. Palsgrave for 26l. 7s. "4 acquittances for this my house." Obligations of lord George Grey, the abbot of St. Benett's, and my brother Welyfedd.
Obligations of John Capon, abbot of St. Benet's, for 10l., payable 15 Aug. last; of Sir John Tetrayde, parson of Evelden, Beds., and Thos. Ashe, grocer, of London, for 10l., payable at Easter next, 1525; of Nic. Kyrkeham, for 10l. payable at the feast of St. Mark, 1523; of Rauf Amys, priest, for 26s. 8d., payable at Lammas, 13 Hen. VIII.; of Hugh Sterkey, for 50s., payable at St. John's Day, 10 Hen. VIII.; of Robt. Bolls, for 80l., payable at St. Peter ad Vincula, 14 Hen. VIII.; and of Chr. Bendelos, for 6l. 13s. 4d.
Pp. 2. In Cromwell's hand?
R. O.2. Memoranda by Cromwell.
For Warren, 22s.; for Basforde, 19s. 10d. For two subpœnas against Goodwyn, 5s. A bill, 3s. 4d. In sundry suits, 3l. 6s. 8d. A piece of camlet, 40s. Dressing 14 cloths, 24s.; folding, tacking, pressing, and "cotenyng" 78 dozens, 13s. 4d.; "for sheryng, barbyng, of 4 musters," 10s. 8d. For Raynboll, of Norwich, 5l. For my pains, 40s.
Per contra, a butt of malvesey, 4l.; in money, two ryalls, 20s.; in other things, 20s.
P.1. Written on the back of a fragment of a petition to Wolsey from Wm. Colyer, of Bradley, and Hewhe Fyncher, of Shelme, co. Worc., drawn up by Crumwell.
R. O.3. [Cromwell] to _
Was sorry not to have spoken with him before his departure for the North. Bought last May, through Robt. Bolt, certain lands, worth 19l. 1s. 4d. yearly, from John Fleming, of Crofton, Yorks., for 381l. 6s. 8d. Paid him 148l. 9s. 6d., and lodged the rest with "your friend" Mr. Butrye till he should perform his part of the indenture, for which he stands bound in a statute of the staple of Westminster, the date whereof is the 20th day of May 15 Hen. VIII., in 1,000 marks, payable at St. Bartholomew's Day last. As he has broken covenant, wishes him to ask the sheriff of Yorkshire that Fleming's lands be put in execution.
Pp. 2. Draft, in Cromwell's hand, imperfect. On the dorse the commencement of a list of deeds concerning the manor of Kexby, Yorks.
R. O.4. "To the right worshipful Master Cromwell, for a remembrance."
A slanderous bill has been put into the Chancery before my lord Cardinal against the writer, by Geoffrey Vaughan and others, and they have retained Cromwell against him. They have further caused Ric. Elles, clerk, to attach 100 pieces of kerseys in his hands, as the goods of Ric. Vaughan. Begs him to hear the matter indifferently, and order amends to be made by the party in fault.
Pp. 2.
R. O.956. The COINAGE.
1. Rough notes by Wolsey, showing that "500 oz. and 3 qr. maketh in tale 4,615 crowns," at the rate of 4s. 6d.; but taking the crown at 4s. 2d. sterling, and 1 French d., there is gained 64l. 2s., "besides the fineness that is above 22 carats, and the rate of the silver newly enhanced."
Pp. 2. The first page in Wolsey's hand.
R. O.2. Other notes on the above subject, showing the gain in 1,000l., the crown being rated at 4s. 2d. "and a Flemish," in the treaty with France; to be rated after the proclamation at 4s. 6d.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O.957. CINQUE PORTS.
Petition of John George, Edw. Brom ... and John Pye, of Hythe, fishermen, to Sir Edw. Guldeford, constable of Dover Castle, and Warden and Admiral of the Cinque Ports, for a subpœna to be served on Thos. Mitchell to appear before him for having, with other men, sailed over and maliciously broken four of their "tramell" nets on the _ day of ... 16 Hen. VIII.
Draft, p. 1, mutilated.
R. O.958. MONTEAGLE PAPERS.
1. Answer of Laurence Starky and Ric. Bank to the bill of Sir John Husee.
Husee claims for the arrearages of the late lord Monteagle's lands, and for expences due at Mich. 16 Hen. VIII., 464l. 11s. 9½ d.; from which is to be deducted 349l. 13s. 4d. for rents, plate, jewels, and stuff in the hands of lord Darcy and Husee.
Are willing to pay the residue, sc. 114l. 17s. 8d.
P. 1, mutilated.
R. O.2. Petition of Laurence Starky to Wolsey, as chancellor, stating that the deceased master Urswyk, archdeacon of Richmond, had let the benefice of Bolton, Lancashire, to Sir Edw. Stanley, late lord Mounteagle, John Nabbes, clk., and Starkey, to lord Mounteagle's use, at a rent of 60l., for the payment of which Nabbes and Starkey were bound. Urswyk resigned the archdeaconry, a year and a half before the expiration of the lease, to James Stanley, who entered into the benefice. Paid the rent due to Urswyk at Lord Monteagle's command, and received a general acquittance from him instead of the obligations which he had not with him. He never claimed anything further during the remaining 20 years of his life; but the obligations having come to the hands of Cuthbert bishop of London, one of his executors, the Bishop, at the procurement of his brother, Wm. Tunstal, who bears extreme malice to Starkey, commenced an action of debt upon it in the Common Bench at Westminster. Pleaded in bar Urswick's acquittance, which was not admitted, as the issue should have been tried at Lancaster; but the Bishop, by sinister labor, procured that it should be tried in Middlesex; and by an untrue jury Starkey is condemned on one obligation for 30l., and 4l. costs. The Bishop has also commenced actions on three other obligations. The abbess of Syon has also sued him, and obtained a verdict on a similar obligation for 100l. for the rent of the manor of Alclyff, Lanc., which she let to George Singleton. She has been paid all her dues, and has done it at the procurement of Wm. Tunstall. Asks Wolsey to command the attorneys of the Bishop and Abbess to cease till he has examined the premises.
Endd.: To master Chalfon (?)
R. O.3. Account of money spent in 16 Hen. VIII. for my lord Monteagle, "being with me Sir John Huse;" sc., for making articles of apparel, satin, velvet, and other stuffs, boat-hire on the Thames, alms, wax, travelling expences, and for the finding of the said Lord three servants and a chaplain.
Pp. 2.
R. O.4. Draft of a petition to the Cardinal from Richard Bank, now in prison in the Counter, for a writ of corpus cum causa. Had presented a bill to Wolsey of the wrongs committed by Thos. Lord Darcy and Sir John Hussy, executors to the late Lord Mountegle, that they have omitted to observe divers injunctions of large sums, for which process of scire facias is awarded against them in Chancery. Was arrested in Westminster Hall on a feigned bill of trespass done in Middlesex, to prevent him from proceeding with his said bill. Has sent a copy of the action.
P. 1.
R. O.959. CHRIST. MITFORD.
Complaint to his Lordship of the merchants of Newcastle, who caused Thomas late duke of Norfolk, when he was in the North, to remove Mitford from the office of custumer in the said port. He bought the office of the Duke for 55l., and spent twenty marks in obtaining letters patent. Has held the office nine years, and by his constant attendance has increased the customs 1,000l., and prevented the unlawful usages of the merchants. Previous to obtaining his removal, they had caused him to be examined before the Duke, the King's attorney and solicitor, and caused a commission to be directed to lord Dacre, Sir Th. Tempest and others, but no offence was proved against him.
Large paper, pp. 2. Endd.
R. O.960. EDWARD BURLACE, English merchant.
Draft bill in Chancery, setting forth that in Spain he and five others had advanced 51l. 15s. to Sir Thos. Boleyn and Dr. Sampson on a bill of exchange. Authorized John Cooke and Wm. Monkaster to receive the money in England; and they have paid the other persons, but refuse to pay Burlace 8l. 12s. 6d., his share. Has no other writings by which to charge Cooke and Muncaster, and is therefore without remedy at common law.
Pp. 2. Endd.
Dec./GRANTS.961. GRANTS in DECEMBER 1524.
5. Inspeximus of—i. A charter of Peter Sabright, of Great Badewe, 35 Edw. III., granting to Robert, vicar of St. Mary's, Badewe, and John, chaplain late of Alice Valence, a messuage and houses in the said parish. Witnesses: lord Hugh de Badewe, Thos. Hardel lord de Sandone, John Isebrond, Thos. Grapenell, Peter Atte Made and others. ii. A charter of Rob., the vicar, and John, the chaplain, (35 Edw. III.,) granting to Kath., widow of Peter Sabright, the lands they had of him, with remainder successively to Walter, Roger, Thos. and John, sons of Peter Sabright. Witnesses same as above, with the substitution of Wm. Rotheman for lord de Sandone. Westm., 5 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
5. Roger Melbanke, of London, merchant tailor. Protection; going in the service of lord Berners. Hertford castle, 1 Dec. 16 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Dec.—P.S. Fr., m. 4.
6. Wm. earl of Arundel, s. and h. of Thos. earl of Arundel. Livery of lands. Westm., 6 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 35.
Dec./GRANTS.12. Commissions of the Peace.
Northamptonshire: Thos. card. of York, J. bp. of Lincoln, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Thos. marquis of Dorset, Sir John Grey, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Wm. Rudhale, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, sen., Sir Wm. Gascoign, Sir Thos. Lucy, Sir Wm. Parre, Edm. Knyghtley, Ric. Knyghtley, Humph. Stafford, Ric. Burton, Geo. Kyrkeham, Wm. Spencer, Walt. Mauntell, Thos. Brudenell, Edw. Mountegewe, Edm. Newenham, Ric. Humfrey, Thos. Lovett, Wm. Saunders, Rob. Chauntrell, Edw. Warner. Westm., 12 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
Leicestershire: T. card. of York, J. bp. of Lincoln, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Thos. marquis of Dorset, Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Thos. lord Roos, Geo. lord Hastynges, Sir Leonard Grey, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Anth. Fitzherbert, Wm. Rudhale, John prior of Landa, Sir Ric. Sacheverell, Sir John Digby, Sir Wm. Skevyngton, Sir John Villers, Sir Everard Digby, Thos. Poulteney, Ralph Swillyngton, Roger Radclyff, Wm. Assheley, Wm. Digby, Thos. Trye, Thos. Entwisell, Thos. Hasilrigge, Thos. Brokesby, Wm. Turvile. John Fowler, Thos. Harvy. Westm., 12 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
14. Commission of the Peace.
Lincoln, Holand: Thos. card. of York, J. bp. of Lincoln, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Thos. lord Roos, Wm. lord Willoughby, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, John Constable, clk., dean of Lincoln cathedral, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Wm. Rudhale, Sir John Husey, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, sen., Thos. Roberdson, Wm. Husey, John Robynson, sen., John Hennege, sen., John Hennege, jun., Thos. Holland, Thos. Halgh, Anth. Eyrby, Thos. Gildon. Westm., 14 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
18. Commission of the Peace.
Hunts: Thos. card. of York, N. bp. of Ely, J. bp. of Lincoln, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke, Sir Wm. Gascoign, Thos. Cade, clk., Wm. Tanfeld, Anth. Malory, Walt. Luke, Edw. Mountegewe, John Castell, Thos. Hall, Thos. Lowth, Laurence Taillard, John Taillard, Rob. Ap Rice, Thos. Warton, Rob. Rowley, Wm. Grace. Westm., 18 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
20. Commissions of the Peace.
Warwickshire: Thos. card. of York, G. bp. of Coventry and Lichfield, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Thos. marquis of Dorset, Thos. prior of St. John's of Jerusalem in England, Edw. Sutton lord Dudley, Sir Ric. Wingfeld, the abbot of Kyllyngworth, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Wm. Rudhale, Sir Hen. Willoughby, Sir Wm. Compton, Sir Edw. Ferrers, Sir Edw. Grevyle, Sir Edw. Grey, Sir Edw. Willoughby, Ralph Swillyngton, Wm. Brown, Edw. Conwey, John Smyth, Thos. Trye, Wm. Boughton, Wm. Feldyng, Rog. Wigston, Reginald Dygby, Rob. Fulwood, Thos. Slade, Ric. Verney, Baldwin Porter, Ric. Wyllys. Thos. Holte. Westm., 20 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
Suffolk: Thos. card. of York, R. bp. of Norwich, N. bp. of Ely, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Chas. duke of Suffolk, John abbot of Bury St. Edmund's, Rob. Radclyfe lord Fitzwauter, Wm. lord Willoughby, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Rob. Curson, Sir Ric. Broke, Sir Rob. Drury, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Wm. Waldegrave, Sir Anth. Wyngfeld, Sir Wm. Clopton, Sir Ric. Wentworth, Sir Sir Philip Tylney, Sir Edward Ichyngham, Sir Thos. Tey, Humph. Wyngfeld, Thos. Lucas, John Jernyngham, Lionel Talmage, Thos. Barnerdeston, John Sulyard, Thos. Jermyn, Thos. Russhe, John Hennyngham, John Harvy of Oulton, Edm. Lee, Rob. Reynold, son of Rob. Reynold, sen., _ Drury. Westm. 20 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4d.
20. Sir Henry Guldeford, comptroller of the King's house. Licence to export 300 quarters of wheat.Del. Westm., 20 Dec. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
20. Christopher Hewster. Grant of the free chapel or hermitage of St. Margaret, near Conysborough, in the same way as held by John Porth, Edmund Boswell and Thomas Ude; Ude, who held it by patent, 24 Nov. 11 Hen. VIII., having assumed the religious habit of a regular canon at the Augustinian church of the Holy Trinity of London. Del. Westm., 20 Dec. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
22. Wm. Hastyngys. To be comptroller of customs in the port of Lynne. Westm., 22 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 37.
22. Commission of the Peace.
Sussex: T. card. of York, W. archbishop of Canterbury, R. bishop of Winchester, R. bishop of Chichester, the abbot of Batell, the prior of Lewes, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Wm. earl of Arundel, Hen. earl of Northumberland, Arth. viscount Lysle, Geo. Nevell lord Bergevenny, Thos. West lord de la Warr, Thos. Fynes lord Dacre, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Sir Thos. Boleyn, Sir Thos. Nevell, Sir David Owen, Sir Thos. Fynes, Sir Goderd Oxenbrigge, Sir Wm. Fynche, Sir Hen. Owen, Sir Edw. Bray, John Hales, Wm. Shelley, Ric. Lyster, Ric. Covert, John Sakevile, John Dawtrey, Ric. Sherley, Edw. Lewkenour, Ric. Devenysshe, Rog. Copley, Thos. Thetcher, John Thetcher, Wm. Scardevile, Ric. Sakevile, John Stanney, Thos. Shirley, Wm. Staple, John Parker, jun., Edm. Pakenham, Geo. Gyfford, _ Erneley, son of John Erneley. Westm., 22 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4 d.
23. Hen. Acres, yeoman usher. To be keeper of Stokkestof park, alias Toxstath, Lanc., in the King's hands by the minority of Edw. Stanley, son and heir of Thos. earl of Derby. Westm., 23 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m, 24.
Dec./GRANTS.24. John de Rouces, alias John Breer, born at Bellegarde, Besançon dioc., in Germany. Denization. Westm., 24 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8.
26. Commission of the Peace.
Rutland: Thos. card. of York, Thos. duke of Norfolk, J. bishop of Lincoln, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Wm. Rudhale, Sir John Digby, Sir Everard Digby, Edw. Sapcote, Edw. Catesby, Edw. Mountegewe, John Haryngton, John Calcott, Edw. Watson. Westm., 26 Dec.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
Camb. Univ.
MS. No. 582.
962. VENICE.
Instructions by Andrea Griti, doge of Venice, to Vincentio Zatani, commander of the galleys in 1524.
Pp. 100, parchment. Part Latin, part Italian.
Camb. Univ
. MS. 2458, p. 157.
963. CAMBRIDGE.
A grace, passed in 1524, giving to Thomas [Wolsey] archbishop of York, and lord high chancellor of England, the power of making and abolishing statutes.—Lib. Grat. B. 447.
Ditto, of same year, to Dr. Capon, Mr. Bland, and Dr. Gardiner, for Sir Rob. Reeyd's lectures.—Ib. 448.
R. O.964. WOLSEY'S "PROCURATIONS."
1. "Procurations due unto your Grace by reason of your visitations legantynes now in this vacation between Easter and Trinity terms, in and about London exercised."
The account is in three columns, the first showing the places, the second the procuration fees, and the third the value at which the benefices were rated:–[Beth]lem, 40s., rated at 50l. St. Giles' in the Field, 40s., r. 50l. St. James' there, 40s., r. 50l. St. Stephen's, 27l. 12s., r. 690l. 0s. 4d. Westminster, 66l. 13s. 4d., r. 2,500 marks. St. Bartholomew's Priory, 15l. 5s. 5¾, r. 381l. 17s. 1½d. St. Mary Spittell, 9l. 14s. 11d., r. 243l. 13s. 4d. Crechirche, 13l. 6s. 8d., r. 333l. 6s. 8d. Elsing Spittell, 6l. 11s. 3d., r. 164l. 1s. 4d. Clerkynwell, 5l. 14s. 4¾d., r. 153l. 0s. 0¾d. Halywell, 7l. 17s. 7¾d., r. 197l. 1s. 2d. St. Elyns, 6l. 3s. 11¼d., r. 154l. 8s. 6d. [St.] Laurence Pounteney, 40s., r. 50l. [St.] Thomas of Acorns (sic), 8l., r. 200l. [S]t. Barthilmew Spittell, 12l., r. 300l. ... hall College, 20s., r. 25l. [Whit]tundon College, 28s. 9 frac12;d., r. 54 marks. Total of procurations, 189l. 8s. 5d. The following are respited:—Savoy, on account of the master's absence; St. Mary Overy's and St. Thomas Spitle, on account of the prevention of the bishop of Winchester.
P. 1. Broadsheet. Endd.
R. O.2. Procurations due to "your Grace" (Wolsey), from various places mentioned, since Hilary Term 1524, after the rate of the 25th part. Names of the places given, with their valuations.
Sum total, 439l. 12s. 2 frac34;d.
P. 1., large paper. In John Alen's hand (?)
R. O.965. REVELS.
"Our soverayn lord kyng Harry the VIII. of hy koraghe and nobles (noblesse) to mayntayn, grauntyd hys gracyus favor to the nobyll lord Lenard Gray, brother to the lord Markus Dorset, that the same lord Leonard, with other lords and gentyllmen, to the nombyr of all 16 persons, that the sam lord Lenard and hys bend scholld edyfy a kastell in the lysts or tyllt yerd at Greenwyche in the Kyngs ground at the Kyngs charge, the tower or kasstell to be assawtyd at tyem a poyntyd, as by artykylls there of proclamd by hawrads dyd opynly appeer. Wher foor our sayd soverayn lord kyng Harry the VIIIth cummand me Rechard Gybson hys ewmbyll servant the vith day of Novembyr the xvi. yer of hys gracyus rayn, that hys plesyer was that I schulld to the sam lord Lenard be aydyng and sarvysabyll, and for hym make and provyd all thyngs that the sam lord Lenard cum myttyd to my charghe. Wher foor ther was by the assent of the lord Lenard ordaynyd and maad a mountayn and ther unto an ewnykorn, the whyche best was ryght byg, and ther un was born and susteyned 4 schyllds of dyvers kolours, red, whyght, yelow and blew; and also ordaynd and bowght baners of sundry sorts, koot armer," &c. as follows.
From Mr. John Broun, alderman, and the King's painter, banners and coats of arms; "iiij. pessys of clothe payntyng of Antyuke, wherewith the kastell was enornyd," 4l. 10s. Bought at Krepyll gaat a metal bell for the watch bell of the castle, 8s.; timber for the four shields, and painting them, 9s. 4d.; 2 bundles of brown paper for the unicorn and the mountain of rock, 2s.; 4 lb. of glue, 1s.; a bushel of wheat flour for paste, 16d.; 16 hoops and 400 spleters for "inbossyng of the best," and repairing the mountain, 22d.; 2 cwt. of rope, 31s. 3d. "Spentt by the lorde Lenarede in sekrett ..." 4 lb. spruce ochre, 6d.; 8 lb. verdigris, 8s. 6d.; 12 lb. Spanish white, 6d.; 2 gallons red vinegar, 6d.; 1 quart of pink, 4d.; 2 gallons of size, 16d.; 8 qr. of coals, 4s.; 4 faggots, 2d.; 2 lb. of packthread, 8d.; 2 lb. of "ynkkyll," 12d., for the tail of the unicorn; 4 lb. candles, 5d., for the workmen in the morning and evening. To Thos. Doke, painter, 13 to 17 Nov., 1s. a day, and four others at 8d. and 6d; "a pryke of tymbyr for the eunykornes horn," 3d.; hire of John Taborret's barge to carry the mount to Greenwich, 3s.; to six laborers for carrying it from the Prince's Wardrobe to the water, 12d. Total, 7l. 1s. 6d. To young Karkett, the scrivener, for writing the articles of the challenge, and for the table on which they were nailed, 4s.
Jousts held 29th Dec. 16 Hen. VIII. at Greenwich. Expences of the dresses for the King, the duke of Suffolk and others, to the number of eight. Bought of Wm. Botre, mercer, 66 yds. of purple damask at 6s. 8d., for two mantles and two hats for the King and Suffolk; 56 yards of purple sarcenet at 4s., used for two ladies' gowns of strange fashion, two gowns with bolsters, of the old fashion, long gowns with great bolsters for four gentlemen of the chapel, 2 bridle reins wherewith the ladies led the lords before the Queen, and girdles for the Duke and others, 6 bonnets from the King's store, given to the gentlemen. Bought of Mrs. Mekyn, silkwoman, 2 cauls of Venice gold, 27s. From Botre, 1 piece of cyprus, for the ladies' heads, 4s. From Mrs. Lydkoot, 2 packets of lawn ribands and 2 lawn frontlets, 4s; 1 oz. of riband, 11d., for hair laces; laten pins, 8d. From—Dawbenay, Watling Street, 44 yds. Welch cotton, at 7d., for lining the sarcenet gowns; 8 lbs. carded wool, at 3d., for stuffing the bolsters of the gowns. From—Burton, gold-wire drawer, 36 oz. of round silver of damask, at 4s. 4d., used for "heeres and berds" by the King, Suffolk, &c. From John Northrop, haberdasher, 2 felt hats, at 16d., to be covered with damask. Hire of 2 women's hair from Mrs. Pyke, in Chep, 2s. Wages of 6 tailors, for 7 days, at 8d. and 6d., 24s. 8d.
For the "meskeler" at Christmas time. Bought of Wm. Botre, mercer, 11 yds. 3½ q. of black velvet, at 9s. 8d. a yard, used for 12 sleeves for 6 rich garments, enriched with cut work of the broken cloth of gold in the King's store; 6 yds. of yellow satin, at 6s. 4d. for 6 capes; 7 yds. of purple damask, at 6s. 8d., of which, and the robes used the day before, were made 6 long gowns; 3½ yds. of purple sarcenet, at 4s., for covering 4 felt hats, at 12d. each. To workmen for the "translacyun of garments," 8d. and 6d. a day. Carriage of 2 cart loads from London to Greenwich and back, 3s.
Total:—For the mountain and the unicorn, 9l. 8s. 9d.; for the jousts, 39l. 1s. 7d.; for the maskeler, 12l. 4s. 11 frac12;d.
Total, 60l. 15s. 3½d.
Pp. 11, slightly mutilated. In Gibson's hand.
R. O.966. WINE FOR THE HOUSEHOLD.
Received by Morres Parre, yeoman for the King's mouth, by the King's order, 43 tuns of Gascon wine in hogsheads, from the ship "Minion," and from a prize 11 tuns Gascon and 4 tuns Rochelle wine, of which 20 tuns were delivered to Edw. Wawes and Alyn Kyng, the purveyors for the King's use; and of the remainder some sold at 6l. and 8l. a tun to my lady Princess, the archbishop of Canterbury, my lady of Oxford, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, Sir Thos. Lovell, the Master of the Horse, Mr. Swelyngton, Mr. Thos. Palmer, Mr. Ratclyf, Mr. John Wells, Sir Wm. Compton, Sir John Vere, Sir Wm. Skevington, Horsle of Chelmsford, Barker, Roger Deell, the earl of Essex, Sir Wm. Par, Robt. Amadas, Lawrence Brown, and a stranger; and some given to the French queen, the Cardinal and Master _ Karre.
Lighterage of 58 tuns of wine, and 34 tuns 1 pipe of honey, 24s. 6d. To the porters and wine-drawers, 36s; craneage, 18s. 2d.; 960 hoops, 4l.
Pp. 3. In Gibson's hand. Headed: To the King. Endd.: An account of Morris à Parr for wines.
R. O.2. Note of receipt by Nicholas Warren, 5l. from Parre (here called Pery), for the subsidy of 33 tuns of honey 28 May; and by Thos. Hennedge of 25s. for the petty customs.
R. O.967. The PROVOST OF BEVERLEY.
"The injuries and wronges doyne to the Provestre of Beverley." The Provost claims the wardship of the heir of the late Christopher Kelke, for his lands held of the provestre by knight service, in Kelke, Welwyke, and Sowthdalton, but it is refused by his widow, who says she has the lands in feoffment. Sir Rauff Elerker withholds 4l. a year, the rent of lands in Rysbe, held of the provestre; has ploughed up the lord's banks, and brings the lands out of knowledge. His lands are held by knight service, as was found by an inquisition after his father's death. Rents of other lands in the Hye Streete, Beverley, Lokyngton, Gyllyng, and Hoton Craswike, are withheld by Mr. Copyndall, Wm. Twaytts, my lord of Northumberland, Wm. Daniell, and Mr. Hothome.
Laurence Starkey occupies, but refuses to pay the charges for, the parsonages of Bolton and Clapham appropriate to the archdeaconry of Richmond, which Mr. Dalby let to the late lord Mounteagle for nine years, for 112l. 13s. 4d. and all ordinary charges; and he "falls in decay," so that it is supposed he will not be able to pay the rent.
Debts claimed of Mr. Thos. Dally:—
The King's subsidy due this present April for the archdeaconry of Richmond, prebend of Styllyngton, common of the church of York, provestre of Beverley, and the common of the church there, prebend of Northeleverton, in Suthwell, and the parsonage of Burnebroghton, 58l. 8s. 4d. To the prior of Merton, for "certain gryssyng," lying in Cornebrughe, half year's rent, 6l. 3s. 4d. To the prioress of Molsbye, for two closes, 23s. 4d. The chamberlain of Beverley delivered to him three chalices "with patant to chaunge," wt. 34¾ oz., 7l. Anne Dalby claims for her child's portion, given to him by her father Robt. Dalby, 25l. Total, 98l. 15s.
Pp. 3.
Calig. B. V.
69. B. M.
968. The FISHGARTH of ESK.
Commission to Thomas lord Dacre, lieutenant of the East Marches, the prior of Carlisle, Sir Chr. Moresby, Richard Salkeld, to settle the disputes which had arisen between the subjects of the two realms relative to the fishgarth of Esk.
Copy, p. 1.
969. The SUBSIDY. (fn. 2)
1."The ... of the tax of temporal persons inha[biting] within thyle of [Ely.]"
R. O."The certificate of Nicholas bp. of Ely, John Huddelston and Philip Parys, commissioners by special instructions, deputed within the Isle of Ely to tax and practise the loan to be made to the King's highness, wherein is contained the name of every person, with his valure taxable, and the sum of the loan taxed, severally set under each of their heads."
Ely.—32 names. (The loan is put at a tenth of the value.)
Downham.—6 names. [Little]port, 3 names. [Witc]heford(?), 2 names. * * * Household of my lord of Ely at Downham, 6 names.
Wylberton, 2 names. [Had]denham, 12 names. [S]utton, 11 names. Mepall, nil. Wycheham, 4 names. ... 7 names. ... 5 (?) names. ... 12 names. Wysbyche, 27 names. [Lev]eryngton, 4 names. Owtewell, 5 names. Upwell, 4 names. Elme, 1 name. ... 5 names [N]ewton, 6 (?) names. Wyttessey, 14 names.
Pp. 11.
R. O.2. A Book of Payments.
* * *1,027l. 3s. 9d. Bristol, 455l. 15s. 2d. Town of Cambridge, 94l. 2s. 4d. Cambridgeshire, 959l. 7s. 4d. Hunts, 765l. 10s. 2d. Cornwall, 1,108l. 12s. 10d. Exeter, 327l. 6s. 4d. Devon, including 55l. for the Countess, 4,147l. 16s. Kingston-on-Hull, 117l. 10s. 8d. York city, not certified. * * * Wapentakes of Tykhyll, Agbrige Morley, Stanecrosse, Barkston, Osgodcrosse, Skyrake, Howden and Howdenshire, and Steyncliff, 817l. 6s. 9d. Essex, 3,398l. 12s. 4d. Herts, 1,080l. 18s. 6½d., with certain sums paid by anticipation. Gloucester town, 209l. 11s. 4d. Gloucestersh., 1,453l. 5s. 10d. Herefordsh., 488l. 3s. 4d. Canterbury, 265l. 15s. 6d. Kent, with lords Cobham and Clynton, 4,024l. 8s. 1d. Lincoln, 144l. 4s. *** [Winnin]-brige and Threawsles, in Kesteven, cccc ... Lancaster, not certified. London, 8,211l. 8s. 10d. Middx., 1,098l. 12s. 3d. Royal household, 1,098l. 4s. The Princess's household, 25l. 18s. 1d. The Cardinal's household, 313l. 11s. 4d. Northampton, 1,892l. 11s. 8½d. Nottingham town, 50l. 6s. 8d. Notts, 158l. 19s. 8½d. * * * Norwich, 749l. 6s. Great Yarmouth, 118l. 15s. 6d. Norfolk, 2,800l. 9s. Suffolk, with the duke of Norfolk and lord Willoughby, 3,374l. 2s. 10d. Newcastle, not certified. Oxford town, 104l. 4s. 10d. Oxfordsh., 1,102l. 2s. 7d. New Windsor, 93l. 9s. 1d. Berks, 1,487l. 0s. 6d. Rutlandsh., 202l. 16s. 6d. Shrewsbury, 101l. 7s. * * * 565l. 18s. 5½d. Bath, 41l. 8s. 6d. Somerset, 2,981l. 4s. 1d. Dorset, 1,767l. 11s. 8d. Chichester, 60l. 11s. Southwark, 359l. 6s. 8d. Surrey, 1,375l. 9s. 11d. Sussex, 2,047l. 5s. 1d. The earl of Arundel, lords Matravers, De la Ware, and Dacre, 113l. 12s. Southampton, not certified. * * * Worcester, 47l. 10s. 6d. Hants, 1,928l. 16s. 8d. Lord Audeley and viscount Lisle, 50l. Coventry, 488l. 18s. 10d. Warwick, 722l. 11s. 1d. Leicester town, 90l. 10s. Leicestersh., 851l. 9s. Wilts, 3,018l. 7s. 2d. Worcester city, 83l. 16d. Worcester, 586l. 6s. 5d. * * * Total, 62,646l. 8s. 4d1.
Pp. 7, mutilated.
R. O.3. [Valuations for the Subsidy in London.]
* 7ast; *
In the par. of St. M[arg.] Lothbury:—Sir Brian Tuke, 1,000l.; John Sadler, 400 marks, 1,000l. The same for the orphans of Hugh Umpton, 300l., and 6 others. Par. of St. Marg. Patens: Sir Jo. Champnes, 2,000 marks; and 4 others. Par. of St. Laur. Poultney: Geo. Monoxe, in goods, 400 marks, 2,000l., in lands, 200l. Paul Wythipoll, in lands for his wife's life, 28l., in freehold copy, 20l., in goods, 300 marks, 2,000 marks; and 11 others. Par. of St. Martin Vintry, 19 persons. Par. of St. Benet Sherhoge: Ralph Warryn, alderman, in lands, 50 marks, in goods, 2,000 marks, 3,000l.; and 14 others. Par. of St. Edmond's, Lombard Street: Sir Jo. Milborne, kt., 400l., 1,000l.; and 26 others. Par. of St. Augustine, Bread Street, 23 names. Honey Lane parish, 18 names. Par. of St. Martin Outwick: Mr. Peckam, the King's cofferer, has a place in the par., whose lands and substance cannot be ascertained, "because his most abiding is with the King's grace, and at his manor in Dennam." The Merchant Tailors' lands, 132l. 11s. 1½d., their money, plate, and jewels, 110l. 13s. 4d.; and 14 others. Par. of St. Pancras: 13 names. Par. of St. Michael (in the Querne: 28 names. Par. of St. Nicholas Acon: 14 names, and 6 others, described as great occupiers, who will not confess themselves to be of any value, but say they will answer before the lord Chancellor and his commissioners. Par. of St. Margaret Moses, in Friday Street: the Cordwainers' Hall, lands, 13l. 6s. 8d.; in the church box of St. Margaret, 23l. 17s.; and 13 other names. Par. of St. Botolph without Bishopgate: 16 names. Par. of St. John, Walbrook: 12 names, including the Skinners' Hall and a legacy in the par. church. Par. of St. Peter's at Paul's: 12 names. Par. of St. James's Vintry: 16 names. Par. of St. Mildred, in Bread Street: 12 names. Par. of St. Michael's, Queenhithe: 19 names.
Pp. 11. Two pages missing at the beginning, as appears by the leaves having been lettered A, B, C, &c.
R. O.4. Division of Districts.
Hundred of Gore.—He[ndon], Eggeware, Stanmer Magna and Parva, Kyngsbury, Pynner, and Harrowe with Roysey, Sudbery, Wembeley, Aperton, and Harrowe Wylde. Commissioners, John Densell, Thos. Roberts, John Palmer.
Hundred of Edelmeton.—Edelmeton, Totenham, Enfeld, Hadley, and South Myms. Commissioners, the earl of Rutland, Robt. Wrothe, Wm. Asshebie.
Hundred of Istelworth and Spelthorne.—Istelworthe, T[wickenham], Howneslowe and Heston, Stanwell, Stanys, Estbedford, Feltham, Hanworth, Sunbury, Hampton, Todyngton, Shepperton, Lyttelton, Lalam, and Ashford. Commissioners, lord Windsor, Robt. Chaseman, John Croke, Robt. Burgyn, for Wm. Walwyn.
Hundred of Elthorne.—[H]yllyngdon, Colham, Harfeld, Ryselip, Ykenham, Northall, [Gr]enford, [P]eryvale, Norwood, Cramford, Hardyngton, Harmansworth, Drayton, Hanwell, New Craynford, and Hease. Commissioners, Edm. Peckham, John Rudygate, Roger More.
Hundred of Osulstone.—...en, [Hol]borne, Seynt G[iles], Mary[lebone,] Padyngton, Hampstede, Seynt Jones Street, Clerkenwell, Knyghtsbrydge, [Ch]elcheth, Fulham, Yelling, Acton, Wyllesden, Kensyngton, Chesewyk, Iselden, Newington, Harnsey, Fyncheley, Fryerne Barnett, Hackeney, * * * Est Smy[thfield], and Stepneth with Poppler, Ratclyff, Lyme[house], Myl[wall], [B]ednallgrene, and Oldeford. Commissioners there, Thos. Crumwell, Sir John Daunce, Sir John Aleyne, Sir Roger Chomley, Sir Edm. Wallyngham, Hen. Whyte, Wm. Cavendish.
Pp. 5, mutilated. Endd.: [The] namys [of all the hun]dreds whythe [the na]mys of the commissioners appointed within the countie of Midd. for the valuacion of [the sub]sidie last ...
R. O.5. List of names in the [city of Winchester].
"Household servants dwelling in the place of St. Cross's," 17 names, 16s. 4d.
"Hyde Street: the parisshones of St. Bartholomez of the Soke party in the same street," 17 names, 43s. 10d.
Household servants dwelling within the place of St. Elizabeth, 9 names, 4s. 8d.
_, 25 names visible (of which the sum is 43s. 4d.), total 59s. 8d.
Household servants to the lord bishop of Winchester, 34 names, 4l. 8s. 10d.
"Summa totalis subsidii prædicti infra sokam prædictam," 23l. 15s. 2d.
R. O.6. View of the account of Guthlac Overton, collector of the third payment from Thos. marquis of Dorset and others of the grade of nobility, 399l. 14s. 4½d; of which paid in fees to the commissioners and collector, 9l. 19s. 6d. Debtors in arrear: Rob. now earl of Sussex, late visc. Fitzwater, (fn. 3) and Wm. lord Mountjoy.
Lat., 1 skin.
R. O.7. Receipt by John lord Grey and Sir Thos. Lucy of 42s. from Wm. Harte of Cogenho, Northampton, as a loan to the King.
R. O.8. Fragment of a subsidy roll for cos. Middx., Somerset, Dorset, Cambridge, Hunts, Linc., Oxf., Berks, Beds, Bucks, Norf. and Suff., and for Bristol.
P. 1, mutilated.
R. O.9. Second payment of the subsidy granted ao 14.
Total of 16 rolls, from 392 collectors, 66,064l. 6s. 6 frac12;d.
Third payment: total of 7 rolls, 5,871l. 12s. 1½d.
Fourth payment: total of 7 rolls, 9,438l. 6s. 8½d.
Sum total, 80,874l. 5s. 8½d.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd.: Subsides, ao xiiio.
Lansdowne
MS. 452, f. 1. B. M.
970. [CLERICAL SUBSIDY.]
List of prebendaries, vicars, &c. in the diocese of York, giving the values, and their third and fifth parts.
Mutilated at the commencement.
Prebendaries.—Thos. Dalby, of Stillington, value 41l. 18s. 10d. Prior of Bradstok, (fn. 4) of Usthwaite, 40l. Rob. Langton, (fn. 5) of Wighton, 50 marks. Wm. Wilson, of Barneby, 16l. Wm. Burghe, of Apesthorpe, 26s. 8d. Nich. Chanterell, of Grendale, 25l. Wm. Taite, of Botewant, 17l. 17s. John London, of Bilton, 15l. "Communia Ecclesiæ Cath. Ebor.," 440 marks.
Thos. Magnus, master of the chapel of St. Mary and the Holy Angels near York cathedral, 19l. 1s. 10s. John Milde and John Simpson, prebendaries there, 8l. 6s. 8d. and 9l. 4s. 4d. Thos. Donyngton, under treasurer, 16l. 13s. 4d. Seven chanters.
The list gives the names of the vicars, rectors, chanters, chaplains, &c. in the deaneries of York, Aynstye, Doncaster, Pontefract, Craven, York cathedral, and the collegiate church of Ripon.
Lat., pp. 24.
R. O.2. Prest money received from Lincoln.
Holland: The guilds of Our Lady in Boston and Corpus Christi, and 38 persons (named), 302l. 2s. Kesteven, 46 persons, 362l.
The cathedral church of Lincoln: Chr. Tamworth; Chr. Mausingberd, chanc.; Dr. Peryne, subdean; Thos. Lyllylow, canon; John Pope, prebendary; Wm. Mooke, parson of Welborne; Wm. Pells, vicar of Pynchbeck; Dr. Topclif, vicar of Gaynsburgh; Willm. Cunstable, vicar of Westrasy; Dr. Daylyson, dean of Thornton College; and Edw. Darby, archdeacon of Stowe, 164l.
Pp. 5. Signed by the duke of Suffolk and Blays Holand.
R. O.3. Taxation of benefices in the county of Suffolk.
Pp. 28. Endd. in a modern hand: No. 7.
R. O.971. ARCHDEACONRIES.
* * *
[Archdeaconry of Barnstaple]: Deaneries of Chamlegh (?), 12 churches; Molton, 29; Toriton, 18; Hurtilonde, 14; Tirewille, 27; Chilmlegh, 6. Archdeaconry of Cornwall: Deanery of Estwellshire, 21 churches; Westwellshire, 14; Pondre, 26; Kere, 15; Penwid, 18; Sidre, 13; Minor Tregrisschire, 16; Bruggewant, 20. Archdeaconry of Totness: Deanery of Totness, 15 churches; Ypelton, 10; Plimton, 11; Tamerton, 12; Tanstok, 15; Moirton, 12; Wallesworth, 17; Hokamton, 14; Wodlegh, 16.
Salisbury diocese.—Archdeaconry of Dorset: Deanery of Schefton, 32 churches; Pymperne, 31; Whitchurch (Albi monasterii), 38; Dorchester, 43; Brudeport, 29; Wymburn, 2; Archdeaconry of Sarum: Deaneries of Ambresbury, 16 churches; Paterne, 22; Wilton, 8; Chelk, 28; Wyly, 34. Prebends, &c. belonging to the cathedral church taxed at 10 marks and upwards, 49; 38 prebends, 6 vicarages, 1 church, 4 chapels. Ditto, rural (sylvanœ; ?) churches belonging to the cathedral church, 9; and belonging "ad communia Sarisburiensia," 15. Archdeaconry of Berkshire: Deanery of Abendon, 48; Neub[ury] ... (Two others lost.) [Archdeaconry of Wiltshire ?]: Deanery of ..., M[almesbury ?], 21; Avebury, 22; C[r]ecklade, 22.
Hereford diocese.—Archdeaconry of Hereford: Deanery of Hereford, 12; parish churches in and out of the town, 20; Weston, 13; Leomenster, 24; Webbele, 34; Frome, 40; Irchenefeld, 24; Ros, 20; the Forest, 21. Archdeaconry of Shropshire: Deanery of Bureford, 23; Stoctesdone, 24; Lodelawe, 17; Pontesbury, 9; Clone, 18; Wenlake, 26.
Bath diocese.—Archdeaconry of Wells: Deanery of Frome, 28; Kary, 34; Merston, 24; Axebrugge, 21; Ivelchester, 25; Poulett, or jurisdiction of Glastonbury, 7; Poulett, 7. Archdeaconry of Staunton: Deanery of Bruggewater, 16; Dunsterre, 25; Taunton, 25; Cruk, 20. Archdeaconry of Bath: Deaneries of Bath, 12 churches; La Radeclyve, 26; "Nomina dignitatum," 32 churches; in the jurisdiction of the dean of Wells, 13; Communia eecleslastica Wellensia, 4.
Winchester diocese—Archdeaconry of Surrey: Deanery of Suthwerk, 13; Ewelle, 45; Guldeforde, 45; Croydon, 10. Archdeaconry of Winchester: Deanery of Winchester, 27; Aweltone, 17; Sombourne, 18; Suthampton, 12; Alresford, 23; Isle [of Wight] (Insula), 21; Drokenesforde, 26; Basyngestoke, 44; Aundever, 31; Forde, 11.
Worcester diocese.—Archdeaconry of Worcester: Deanery of Worcester, 26; Poywik, 17; Kydermunstre, 14; Wych, 16; Persore, 30; Warewik, 36; Kyngton, 30; Blockeley, 6; Evesham, 9. Archdeaconry of Gloucester: Deaneries of Bristol, 18 churches; Dursell, 13; Haukesbery, 16; Dutton, 10; Stonhouse, 24; Cirencester, 23; Feyrford, 12; Stowe, 29; Campden, 28; Wynchecombe, 15; Gloucester, 24.
Coventry and Lichfield diocese.—Archdeaconry of Coventry: Deanery of Coventry, 15; Stonleye, 28; Merton, 19; Arden, 27. Archdeaconry of Stafford: Deanery of Stafford, 16; Newcastle, 8; Alveton and Lecks, 17; Thomworth and Tuttebury, 16; Lapley and Tresell, 22; prebends of Lichfield, 21. Benefices not exceeding 10 marks: Coventry, 2; Stoneley, 2; Merton, 3; Arden, 5. Archdeaconry of Derby: Deanery of Derby, 25 churches; Starnesdale, 27; High Peak (de Alta Pecca), 8; Esseburn, 13; Castelacre, 15; Repindon, 9. Archdeaconry of Salop: Deanery of Salop, 30; Newport (Novus Burgus), 11. Archdeaconry of Chester: Deanery of Chester, 17; Wirhale, 12; Middlewich, 6; Maklesfeld, Frodesham, 8; Nantwich (de Wico Mauban) and Brexius, 13; Mauncestre and Blakeborne, 10; Werynton, 11; Leyland, 5. Small benefices in the same deanery, 10; in new part, 10.
A paper roll, the commencement lost.
Royal MS.
14 B. x. B. M.
972. MUSTERS.
"A view made owte of dyverse commyssioners bokes in the shyres hereafter ensuynge of the nombre of able men to serve the Kynge in his warrs, recyaunte within the same shyres, and moustred before them, with alle suche harneys and habyllaments of warre, beynge ther in a redy and viewed by the seid commyssioners as hereafter more playnely is expressed and declared at large."
Beds: archers, 726; billmen, 1,722; harness ready for soldiers, 177. Middx.: archers, 536; billmen, 1,103; able men, having neither bills nor bows, 2,065; harness, 682. Kent. archers, 1,624; billmen, 4,760; able men, with neither bills nor bows, 272; harness, 1,619. Dorset: archers, 1,487; billmen, 1,347; harness, 1,223. Berks: archers, 806; billmen, 1,007; harness, 343. Leicestersh.: archers, 1,022; billmen, 1,870; harness, 679. Herts; archers, 1,003; billmen, 2,369; harness, 654. Oxon. archers, 656; billmen, 1,470; harness, 81. Bucks: archers, 988; billmen, 1,631; harness, 70. Warwicksh.: archers, 1,052; billmen, 1,808; harness, 1,483. Cambridgesh.. archers, 675; billmen, 1,657; harness, 631. Cornwall: archers, 636; billmen, 611; harness, 1,710. Northamptonsh.: archers, 1,714; billmen, 2,849; harness, 650. Devon: archers, 5,455; billmen, 6,265; harness, 3,766. Somers.: archers, 3,020; billmen, 6,900; harness, 2,480. Worcestersh.; archers, 1,522; billmen, 2,144; spearmen, 2; harness, 170. Rutland: archers, 254; billmen, 478; harness, 103. Gloucestersh.: archers, 1,488; billmen, 1,804; harness, 931. Hants: archers, 3,081; billmen, 5,804; harness, 4,674. Heref.: archers, 895; billmen, 1,778; harness, 157. Chesh.: archers, 3,606; billmen, 4,063; harness, 2,271. Staffordsh.: archers, 1,903; billmen, 3,707; harness, 1,144. Shropsh.: archers, 998; billmen, 2,960; harness, 616. Wilts: archers, 943; billmen, 2,144; harness, 462. Suff.: archers, 2,999; billmen, 7,763; harness, 4,337. Norf.: archers, 1,851; billmen, 6,177; harness, 2,368. Isle of Wight: archers, 424; billmen, 376; harness, 307. Essex: archers, 1,220; billmen, 6,310; harness, 1,640.
Total, 128,250 men; being 43,034 archers, 82,877 billmen, 2,338 able men, with neither bows nor bills, and 2 spearmen, 35,328 harness.
A vellum roll. Endd.
R. O.2. _ to _.
According to his orders, has mustered all the King's tenants in the offices and stewardships held by him, together with all his own tenants and household servants. The King's tenants number 60 archers and 60 billmen. His own are 40 horse, of which 10 are demilances, 10 javelins and targets, and 20 light geldings with northern staves. They can be ready at an hour's warning.
Two drafts of the same letter; p. 1.
Otho, E. IX. 77.
B. M.
973. HARBOURS.List of the harbours in Anglesea, Carnarvon, and Merioneth, where ships or balingers can land.
Anglesea.—"The roode of St. Donwen is forland," and the three enterings there; the bay of Malltrayth, and the crick in the midst of the said bay; the crick of Aberfrowe; the crick of Crigille; the crick of Kemyran; the bay of Roscollyn, and the roode of the said forland of ...; St. Bride's bay; the bay of the Holihead, and the haven in the midst; the crick of Classelyn and bay; the roode of the Cardinals betwixt the skerres and the shore; the crick of St. Patrik; the crick of Kemmys; the crick of Kemlyn; the Mylne bay; the crick of Amlogh; the crick of St. Hillary; the freshwater roode "and St. Hillary is forlong"; the roode of the two islands of Stadan; the crick of Dulas and the entering there; the bay of the Reedeworth and the crick of the said bay; the roode of the Table Rownde; * * * of Prestolme, and the entering of Pe ...; ...sse Roode, and so along by the shore ...; [the] havyn of Bewnares.
Caernarvonshire.—Aber Kerrek Gwynyon in Cruthyn; the bay of Morva Rreaney in Cruthyn; the haven of Conwey; the haven of Aber Meney, entering at the bar of Caernarvon in the south croke; the bay of Dynlley, between Karrek Yllan and the bay of Caernarvon; the bay between Karrek Yllan and Penryn Dynllayn; the crick of Abergierch; the crick of Porths Yskadan, of Porth Ygwylen, Porth Ychen, Porth Penllech, Porth Colmon, Porth Veryn, Porth Yeagowe, Porthoe and the isle of Bardesey, and Porth Nydny; the bays of Aberdaron and Nygull; the roode of the two islands of Stydwall; the crick of Aberfoigh; the bay of Castellmarch; the bay of Stidwalls to the geist; the haven of Pullely in the midst of the said bay.
Merionethskire.—The great bay from Llanviangell y Traythe unto the haven of Devye, within which bay there be,—Ardudwy, the crick of Aber Artro, and the haven of Bermowe; Estiner, the crick of Syssynnye, and the haven of Devye.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Endd.: The names of all the havens and creeks in North Wales wherein any ship may land.
Otho, E. IX. 25.
B. M.
974. SHIPPING.
Mutilated account of ships, dedeshares, and money.
[Number of ships...Mariners in each ship,] * * * 10, 12, 13, 10, 15, 30; total, ccciiiixx ... [Dedesh]ares for each ship, 12, 12, 3, 8, 3, 12, 14, 4, 3, ... 4, 3, 3, 4, 8; total, 125. Tonnage of each ship, 100, 140, 52, 110, 40, 100, 200, 80, 50, 100, 60, ... 50, 60, 50, 70, 140; total, 1,733. Money for each ship, 15l. 10s.; 16l. 10s.; 5l. 17s.; 15l.; 5l.; 18l.; ... 9l. 10s.; 5l. 10s.; 12l.; 8l. 5s.; 7l. 5s.; x ... 5l. 10s.; 8l. 16s.; 6l. 10s.; 7l.; 6l.; 8l. 5s.; ... total, 217l. 13s
Number of ships, 7. Mariners for each, 38, 10, 10, 26, 8, 15, 10; total, 117. Dedeshares for each, 12, 3, 4, 16, 2, 4, 4; total, 45. Tonnage of each, 100, 52, 50, 140, 40, 70, 50; total, 502. Money for each, 17l. 10s.; 5l. 17s.; 6l.; 17l. 10s.; 4l. 10s.; 8l. 5s.; 3l.; total, 62l. 12s
P. 1, mutilated.
Otho, E. IX. 34.
B. M.
2. List of Ships at various Ports, with Tonnage.
* * * The Herry Grace Diew, the Gret Galey, the Mary Rosse, the Petir Pomgarnet, the Gret Nycolas, the Gret Barke, the Lesse Barke, the Kateryn Fortun, the Mary George, the Mary James, the Swepstake, the Swallow.
Ships of London.—The Mary Grace; the Mary Gloria, 300 tons; the Marget Bonaventure, 190; the Nycolas Draper, 180; the Cryst, 180; the Christoffer Davy, 160; the George Foye, 120; the Maudelayn, 120; the Mary Grace Honyngs, 110; the Lyvetenandes Schipp, 110; the Herry Tothill, 90; the Saveor, 90; the Powle, 80; the Cate Prow, 70.
Brestow.—The Newe Shipp, 200; the Mary Towere, 160; the Mathew, 130; the Edwarde, 110. * * *
The names of the ships of two ports lost by mutilation.
[N]orwyche.—The Barbar[a], 100; the Edward, 100; the James, 90; the John Evangelist, 80; the Nycolas Dornelis, 75; the Mary Harper, 76; the John of Peter Semer, 70.
[Y]ermowth.—The Mary [K]atryn, 70; the George of Blakney Havyn, 110; the Peter, 90; the Mary P...80.
Lyne.—;The John of Patyes, 100; the Mary James, 80; the Trynyte, 100; My lord Wylbys Barke, 65; the Antony of Mr. Palmers, 60; the Jennet of Boston, 80; the Thomas of Hull, 100.
P. 1, mutilated.
Otho, E. IX. 66.
B. M.
3. Suggestions for Economy.
Headed: * * "...ping and or ... thereto appertaineth."
"[In]primis, for lack of good provision had and seen the ... and yet daily doth leese, when timber, plank and such ... had and occupied to his ships 20 d. in every noble best ... may appear.
"Item, the charges for keeping of the King's ships by year which ... this 20 years past, and yet is to the sum of six score or seven score ... for the wages of them that keepeth the said ships, and for ... is so charged there is no service by them done, as by due pr ... may appear, for the which there may be saved the one half of the ... specified with good and profitable service done for the same.
"Item, at all such times as workmen being ... writs, with other that be taken to work on the King's ships, ... lack of good looking to certain workmen that are prentices with ... are covenant servants by the year for four nobles, 30s. or 40s. by [the] ... which after the rate ought to have after their yearly wages ... after their labour, some 7d. by week, some 10d., some 12d., so[me] ... by week, as his labour is known and perceived; and where no suc[h] ... seen and had, the King's grace loses some week, when many m[en are at] work, 5l. or 6l. by the week, which amounteth to a great su[m] ... whole year.
"Item, where that it hath been accustomed after the voyages and waftings [of the] King's ships after their coming home, at the deliverance of the Kin[g's] artillery, there hath been certain allowance allowed in spending of [the] King's artillery, as in powder, shot of stone, bills, bows and moryse pikes, bowstrings, with other, which hath been greatly to the profit to the masters of the said ships, stewards, boatswains, pursers and gunners, the proof thereof is plain.
"Item, as concerning all sorts of ropes, as cables, cablets, halsers, with such other sorts of ropes, the King's grace in time past hath been served, as by the bo[oks] it may appear, at 13s. or 14s. ster. a 100, where they were bought for ... Flemish the 100, which is a noble sterling, wherein it plainly appear a gr[eat] loss to the King to lose 14 lb. in every cwt. and to pay double the price, and his Grace not truly served in the same.
"* * avoiding [the] charges ... to be charged withal, when need ... ace may with good order be in assurance to ... readiness, not paying nor laying out money for [h]yme, as of necessity and need it shall be required, so that ... if the price doth fall, his Grace shall take the vantage th[at] ... doth rise his Grace not to be charged thereof, but to pay as the p ... taking thereof wase.
"Item, it is further to be considered the spence of the King's ropes with pitch and tar [and] canvas for sails, with all sorts of timber, with such other like, how it is consumed and spent; for there is many things passes for lack of a good overseer that might be saved, for it is no more expedient for an owner of ships to bear rule and keep the account of such a costly business, without one to be assistant unto him that hath experience in the same, than it is for a custom[er] to occupy merchandise, for which consideration it is prohibited by Act of Parliament.
"Here might be many things more recited, which I leave apart because it is not so expedient as to report it by mouth."
Pp. 2, badly mutilated.
Otho, E. IX. 79.
B. M.
4. Wages and Conduct Money.
"The charge of w ... captains, masters, mariners ... serving in divers of the King's m ... arrived in Ireland and in other h[is] ... purposed thither as followeth:"—
Sea wages for the Hart, New Bark, Jerfawcon and Bark of Boulogne. Diets of four captains for seven weeks, from the 1 March to the 18th inst., 42s. each. Wages for 480 soldiers, mariners and gunners, 14s. each. Deadshares and rewards, 336l.
Wages in harbour for the Great Bark, Pawncey, Swepistake, Antelope, Murrian, M. Hamboro, Phawcon, Monne, Seven Stars, and last made pinnace. For 1,430 masters, mariners and gunners, for five weeks, from 16 March last to the 19th inst., at 10s. a man, including deadshares and rewards.
Conduct money for 880 mariners and gunners, besides 300 men to serve in the Antelope and Fawcon for wafters, and 250 to serve in the ships for the transport of grain at 7s. 6d. a man.
Total, 1,395l. 14s.
P. 1, mutilated.
Cal. B.I. 340*. B. M.975. VICTUALLING OF TROOPS.
Berwick:—Wheat required for 20,000 men for a month, 2,500 qrs.; whereof is sent to Berwick,—from London, in flour, 1,460 barrels; from Hull, 600 barrels. Ready shipped at London and Orwell, 1,080 barrels=3,140 barrels.
Calais:—Same quantity of wheat; of which ready to be shipped at London in flour, 2,000 barrels; at Ipswich, 920 barrels.
Remaining at Hull and Grimsby, in flour and wheat, 1,000 barrels.
Berwick:—Beer required for 20,000 men for a month, 5,600 pipes; for brewing which 5,600 qrs. of grain are required. 6,000 qrs. have been sent from Lynn and Hull.
Calais:—The same amount required. 800 qrs. are ready to be sent from Lynn, and 320 qrs. are at Hull with Madeson, so that there lack 4,480 qrs.
Hops required, 28,000 weight: talwood, 4,200; billet to take with, 200,000.
Bread for 25,000 men for eight days will be, at the rate of ½ d. a man per day, 416l.; for carrying which 208 carts are required, being 40 doz. in a cart. Beer required, 1,750 pipes. 900 costrells will be used, each holding 10 gallons, making 754 pps.; for carrying which 747 carts will be needed.
Total of carts necessary, 25,000 for eight days; for bread, 208 carts; for beer, 747; for bacon, 20; and for cheese, 25; total, 1,000 carts. Beer for 25,000 men for 16 days, 3,530 pipes. Casks are required to the extent of 2,746 pipes, besides the 900 costrels.
Ready at Berwick and Orwell:–870 pipes of the great and small band; 6,000 clappold, which will make 120 pps.; 79 last of board of Alen King's provision, making 316 pps.; and 242½ last of Semper's provision, making 970 pipes. Total, 2,276 pps.; leaving a lack of 470 pps.
Pp. 4. Endd.: A proporcion of certeyn vitailles appoynted for an army of 2,500 men with cariage of the same by the space of eight days northwards.
R. O.976. ACCOUNTS.
Fees and wages in the circuit of Thos. Roberts and John Peryent, auditors, granted by Henry VII. and Henry VIII.
Pembrokeshire.—Sir Wm. Parre, seneschal, 26l. 13s. 4d.; Maurice Butler, customer and constable of the castle at Tenby, 7l.; Sir Thos. ap Philips and John Thos. Philip, 5l.; Maurice ap Harry, constable of Tynby castle, 4l. 11s.; Jas. Elliott, porter; Ric. Lloid, King's Attorney, 4l.; Roberts and Peryent, 6l. 13s. 4d.=60l. 5s.
Gilgarran.—Wm. Vachan, seneschal, receiver and constable, and Griffin ap Griffith, his clerk, 11l. 1s. 4d. Llanstephan: Sir Thos. ap Philip and Maurice Lloid, 5l. Westhaverford: Sir Rese ap Thomas and Sir Griffin ap Rese, seneschals and receivers, 20l.; John Stephens, porter, 9l. 14s.; Sir Thos. ap Philip, bailiff, 60s. 8d.; Maurice Butler, customer, 40s.; Thos. ap Owen, collector, &c.=43l. 14s. 8d. Mynster Lovell: Sir Wm. Compton, seneschal, 3l. 6s. 8d.; &c., 9l. 13s. 4d. Wyttley: Sir Wm. Fitzwilliams, seneschal, 3l.; Thos. Jones, parker, 6l. 1s. 8d.; John Browne, King's painter, 60s. 10d., &c.=24l. 15s. 10d. Worplesden: Sir Wm. Compton and Sir Wm. Fitzwilliams, keepers of Henley park, Surrey, 9l. 2s. 6d. Glamorgan and Morgannok: Chas. earl of Worcester, lieutenant and constable of Cardiff and Cowbridge castles, &c., 140l.; Sir Matthew Cradok, receiver, Sir Robt. Jones, porter of Cardiff castle, &c., 18l. 4s. 6d.; Edw. Evans, constable of Avon castle, 3l. 0s. 8d.; Sir John Raglan, constable of Kensege castle, 60s. 8d., &c.=258l. 19s. 10d. South Wales: Sir Rese ap Thomas, chamberlain, 20l.; Sir Wm. Thomas, seneschal, &c., in Cardigan and Caermarthen, 45l.; Sir Wm. Tyler, constable of Cardigan castle, 10l.; Sir Rese ap Thomas, justiciary of South Wales, 40l., &c.=359l. 11s. 8d. Usk and Kaerlyon; Wm. Morgan, seneschal and constable of Usk castle, 20l.; Thos. Palmer, constable of Caerleon, coroner, &c., 17l.; annuity to Sir Robt. Jones, 5l.=86l. 8s. Lands lately belonging to the earl of Huntingdon: John Swynefenne, bailiff of Stoke, 53l. 4s.; Jas. Mutton, bailiff of Shepton Mallet, 26s. 8d.; Henry Parfyte, bailiff of Stratton, 26s. 8d., &c.; annuity to Sir Thos. Lovell, granted by Wm. late earl of Huntingdon, 3l. 6s. 8d.=32l. 3s. 4d. Ewelme, lately belonging to Ed. De la Pole, earl of Suffolk, Henry Norres, bailiff, &c., 22l. 6s. 8d.; Sir Wm. Compton, seneschal and keeper, 13l. 0s. 10d.; Roberts and Peryent, 26s. 8d. Total, 937l. 9s. 3d.
Pp. 3.
R. O.977. RICHARD EARL OF KENT.
Valuation of the lands of [Richard earl of Kent], showing the gross annual value of each manor, and the fees and rents chargeable upon it. With the names of officers and others.
Pp. 5. Large paper; formerly a roll. Imperfect. An endorsement, by Peter Le Neve in 1707, states that this roll was made after the death of Richard earl of Kent, and during the life of his widow the Countess, "as may be seen under the title of the manor of Hemingford Grey." (fn. 6)
R. O.978. JOHN ROPER
Petition from John Lyttyllcote, who sold to John Roper, Esq., of Kent, late attorney to the King, lands worth 5l. 6s. 8d. a year, for 110 marks, of which 40l. was due last Easter. Has applied to his widow Jane, who refuses to pay it, saying she is restrained from executing the will.
P. 1. Corrected draft.
R. O.979. EDW. SMYTHING.
1. Petition of Edw. Smything, Easterling, privileged within the sanctuary of St. Peter's, Westminster, to Master Cromwell, councillor to the lord Legate, to help him to obtain letters of protection, and to redeem four pieces of cloth of Arras, mortgaged, and in part wrongfully detained from him. Two are in the hands of Anthony Duodo, representing the story of Christ's mawndye, and his praying in the garden; a third in the hands of Harman Hulseman, representing Jesus bearing the Cross; and the fourth was delivered to Sir John Gryffith, priest, for the petitioner's use.
Pp. 3.
R. O.2. Edw. Smythyng to Will. Brereton.
Is informed by the bearer that the King will not give 3l. 10s. "the stike" for his cloth of Arras. Will lose 100l. and more, but, rather than carry them out of the realm again, offers them to his Grace at 5 marks "the styke." At Westminster.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O.980. JAMES ASCUE.
Judgment of Wolsey, as chancellor, in a suit between Jas. Ascue, yeoman for the King's mouth, who claims the office of bailiff of Kyrbyshire by virtue of patent 23 March 14 Hen. VIII., and John Standisshe, who claims it by grant of Sir Andrew Wyndesore and others. Decree in favor of Ascue.
Pp. 3, large paper.

Footnotes

1 Sic.
2 Many of the documents under this head are of a later date.
3 Robert Viscount Fitzwalter was created earl of Sussex in 1529.
4 His name was Thos. Walsh. (Le Neve.)
5 He was succeeded by John Higdon on the 2 Dec. 1524. (Le Neve.)
6 Mentioning a jointure of 6l. 2s. to my lady of Kent.