Henry VIII
February 1529, 1-15

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J. S. Brewer (editor)

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1875

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'Henry VIII: February 1529, 1-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4: 1524-1530 (1875), pp. 2313-2332. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=91352 Date accessed: 20 August 2014.


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February 1529

Cal. D. X. 330. B. M.5244. [FRANCIS I.] to the BISHOP OF BAYONNE.
"[Monsieur d]e Bayonne, j'ay receu voz longues l[ettres, et bi]en au long entendu le contenu d'icelles, ou vous ... discouryr les propoz que vous avez euz avec M[ons. le Cardinal] mon bon amy et ce qu'il vous a mis en ava[nt touchant le] faict de ceste paix; enquoy je scay laffe[ction et amour,] non seullement de luy, mais du Roy mon b[on frere et perpetuel] allie, estre autant encline que je l'y sauroys moy ... encores que la chose de plus pres me touche qu[e nulle autre] quel qu'il soit; et quant a la responce qu'il vous [dit avoir] este faicte en Espaigne au collecteur, Messire S ... entendu de luy bien au long en passant parcy, le ... tout son voyaige, et ce qui luy a este respondu s[ur la charge] qu'il avoit; qui m'a faict clairement juger et cr[oyre] ... de dela peu de volonte d'entendre a ladite paix s'ilz [n'y soient] contrainctz par autre moyen qu'ilz ne l'ont este jusqu[es icy]. Toutesfoyz, affin que je ne soye veu en aucu[ne chose] dilayer ou reffuser les moyens et occasions qui [peuvent] offrir pour y pouvoyr parvenir, je treuve l'op[inion] de Monsieur le Cardinal, mon bon amy, tres raiso[nnable], et ne suis delibere n'en laisser perdre [occasion] qui me puisse estre presentee s'il * * * [a]u fondement. Et combien que ma res[olution est] de ny faire ny entreprandre jamais [chose sans le] sceu et consentement dudit Roy mon bon fre[re et perpetuel] allye, et de ne permectre, s'il est possible, [que aucune] chose passe par autres mains que par les sy[ennes]; toutesfoiz, ayant entendu par vostre dite lettre que mondit [sieur le] Cardinal, mon bon amy, ne trouveroit mauvais que [l'on] essayast le moyen de nostre Sainct Pere dont ... escript que le cardinal Salviati m'avoit derreniere[ment] parle, je suis bien d'advis de mectre paine d'en[tendre] quel fondement et seurete sy pourroit trouver, p ... apres selon que ledit Roy mon bon frere, et mo[ndit sieur le] Cardinal, mon bon amy, me vouldroient conseiller et ... savoir depescher communement personnaiges avecques ... pour y entendre, ainsy que raisonnablement il se p[ourra] et devra faire, ne s'estant accorde nostredit St. Pere avecques le[mpereur], comme je suis adverty de plusieurs lieux qu'il est.
"Quant a l'autre point touche en vostredite lettre, que mondit sieur le Cardinal, mon bon amy, seroit d'advis qu'on essayast affin de [ne] refuser ny laisser en arriere ung seul moyen de ... [que] se pourront penser et ymaginer pour parven[ir]" * * *
Mutilated.
Cal. D. X. 329. B. M.5245. [FRANCIS I.] to the [BISHOP OF BAYONNE.] (fn. 1)
* * *... "seroit d'entendre au moyen mesmes ... diffye toutesfoyz de sy bonne sorte que ... cavillation elle retumbast a son deshonneur et ... allegant sur ce l'excuse que ledit Empereur pra ... qu'il dit estre entre ledit Roy mon bon frere et ... vuyder il treuve tresdifficille de se pouvoy[r] ... pour les seuretez dont il a promis et offert ... foy et promesse en faisant traicte de la dite paix ... de mes enffans, et que a ceste cause il seroit [content qu'il] se feist prealablement une paix entre eulx de [ne] riens changer ne innover, mais seullement r[emettre] les choses en l'estat qu'elles estoient avant l'yntim[ation de] guerre, estimant que la dessus se pourra par ap[res] facillement dresser une bonne conclusion de paix ... par degrez le contenu au memoyre que vous m'avez [envoye;] vous luy pourrez sur ce respondre que encores que ... son intencion en cela estre entiere et sans aucune ... pour la seurete et fiance que j'ay en luy, tou[tesfois je] ne vous puis dire combien il seroit estrange ... a tous mes alliez et confederez de veoyr le [Roy mon bon frere] et perpetuel allye que j'estime et a[ime comme mon] meilleur et principal amy et sy es[troitment lie avec] moy comme il est, prandre amytie tra ... sans moy avecques nostre commung ennemy ... qu'il seroit bien malaise encores que ce feust ... garder qu'ilz ne pensassent que je feusse del[aisse ni] habandonne de luy, chose que non seullement ... impossible de pouvoyr advenir, mais de laquelle [je ne] vueil de ma part en quelque sorte que ce soit [donne] occasion a personne d'en riens doubter ny souspe[conner. Et pour ce,] Mons. de Bayonne, et que cest moyen comme il ... tres cler qui m'est mis en avant par l'Empereur pour nulle [autre] occasion que pour tascher de tout son pouvoyr, ainsi q[u'il] a tres bien essaye jusques icy, de separer et des[joindre] ledit Roy mon bon frere et perpetuel allye d'avecqu[es moy,] pensant par ce moyen alterer et diminuer la bonne et in[dissoluble] amytie et perpetuelle alliance qui est entre nous, je v[ous] prye vouloyr bien dire et faire entendre sur ce a Mon[sieur] le Cardinal mon bon amy que j'estime la paine qu'il a pris[e] non seullement a croystre et nourrir la dite amytie entre nous, mais a la garder et conserver jusques icy, tell[e et de] sy grand fruict et sy bien employee que je" * * *
Mutilated.
Feb. Cal. D. X. 331. B. M.5246. FRANCIS I. to the BISHOP OF BAYONNE.
"[Mons. de] Bayonne, actend[ant la depesche de Perot Douarty] pour aller pardela, y puiss[iez] ... ce porteur, qui s'y en va en diligen[ce] ... nouvelle que j'ay eue quant a la sante [de] ... on m'escript de Venise, et semblablement de ... a convalescence. Depuis le xixe du moys p[asse] ... n'ay je eu, ny dela ny d'ailleurs, certainete de ... de quoy incontinant je vous advertiray pour le [faire entendre au] Roy mon bon frere et a Mons. le Cardinal mon [bon amy. Et] ce pendant vous ferez entendre les choses des[susdites] ... que par ledit Perot Douarty ilz seront bien tost plus [au long advertis] de toutes choses." P[aris] ... Feb. 1528. Signed.
Mutilated. Add.
1 Feb.
R. O.
5247. GUISNES.
Ordinances for the town and county of Guisnes by the King's justices and commissioners, Wm. lord Sandes, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, John Halys, Christr. Halys and Wm. Briswode; delivered to the baily and freemen of Guisnes in the King's open court holden there. 1 Feb. 20 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 36.
R. O.2. Duplicate. Pp. 26.
1 Feb.
S. B.
5248. For GEORGE BULLEYN.
To be chief steward of the honor of Beaulieu, Essex, and of all possessions which are annexed by authority of Parliament or otherwise, and keeper of the New Park there, in the manor of Newehall; with 10l. a year for the former, and 3d. a day for the latter; vice William Cary.Del. Westm., 1 Feb. 20 Hen. VIII.
Pat. p. 1, m. 36.
1 Feb.
Le Grand, III. 304.
5249. CARDINAL BOURBON to FRANCIS I.
Has received his letters about the dangerous illness of the Pope, commanding his immediate presence. Regrets that an accident, of which the Grand Master will inform him, will prevent his coming so soon as he would wish. La Fere, 1 Feb.
Fr.
2 Feb.
Le Grand, III. 296.
5250. COUNT DE CARPI to MONS. _.
Yesterday, the treasurer, Grollier, spoke to me from you of the present occurrences, desiring me to give my opinion to Francis and you, what should be done in case of the Pope's death. I gave him my opinion by word of mouth, but I think it right to draw up this little memorandum also, as my illness will not permit me to go to the King and you myself. The Treasurer also assured me on your part that you would take good order about my private business, though you had not been able to see to it yet. Thanks him for this intimation. Paris, 2 Feb. Signed: De Carpi.
ii. Roll of the cardinals who will probably take the Imperial side, with comments upon the name of each.
iii. Roll of the cardinals who will be of the opposite party.
iv. Cardinals who may be gained by one or other party.
v. Absent cardinals.
vi. Opinion above referred to.—Thinks Francis should write to the Sacred College, offering all his forces for the protection of the Church, and to secure the freedom of the election. The French ambassadors also should be instructed to hold like language, and, if they find the Imperialists inclined to use force, protest to the College that they should refuse to enter the conclave, or come out after they have entered, and retire to some place where they can conduct the election in surety.
Fr.
3 Feb.
Vit. B. XI. 54. B. M.
5251. GREGORY CASALE and PETER VANNES to WOLSEY.
Write in great haste by a person who is going to the count of St. Pôl. Hear from a sure and secret quarter that the Pope's disease has increased to delirium and vomiting, and his life is despaired of.
D ... does all that the King and Wolsey could expect from any one. Have written to St. Pôl to ask the French king to send the French cardinals to the frontiers, for unless the new Pope is created by our faction the French will be able to do nothing. Cardinals Triulzi and Pisano, who have been lately released, are coming hither. As to the bishopric of Winchester, it was hard to make the Cardinals reduce the sum of 12,000 ducats proposed by the Pope, but they have now consented to 8,000. The money must be at once provided. Are attending to the King's matters. Rome, 3 Feb. 1529. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, Vannes' hand, mutilated. Address pasted on.
3 Feb.
[Cal. E. I. II. ?] I. 189.
5252. CHARLES [DUKE OF VENDOSME] to HENRY VIII.
Has received his letter expressing Henry's sense of his services to promote the amity of the two Crowns. His journey to Marquise had been at the command of the King his master to promote Henry's affairs. La Fere sur Oise, 3 Feb. Signed.
Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.
3 Feb.
Cal. B. I. 293. B. M. St. P. IV. 546.
5253. JAMES V. to HENRY VIII.
Has received his letters, dated Bridewell, 9 Dec. Finds by the credence of Magnus he is "in ane part commovit" at his writings, dated Edinburgh, 20 Oct. Hopes the message he sent by Magnus in return will have satisfied him that James regards him as his most assured friend. If he sought a rupture it would be to his own destruction. Begs him to consider he has done more for Angus at Henry's desire than he would have done for all the world; but Angus refused his offer of pardon, meaning to cause a breach between the realms. Has given Magnus a credence, which he hopes will induce Henry to withdraw his favor from Angus. Hopes to bring the Borders into good rule, according to the ordinance of the commissioners at their last meeting in Berwick. The West Borders are at a good point, there is little complaint of the Middle Marches, and the matter of Liddesdale is in such train as probably not to give much trouble. Hopes Henry will have patience while he takes order for the minority of the earl Bothvile, lord of the land. Has had more trouble with that than any of the other Borders. Edinburgh, 3 Feb. Signed.
Add.
3. Feb.
Cal. B. I. 308. B. M.
5254. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
Has received his letter, dated at Westminster, 9 Dec. Perceives by it, and by the report of Magnus, Wolsey's continual labor for peace. Prays him to continue it. Has written at great length to the King as to the matters of the Borders, and Archibald "sum" (sometime ?) earl of Augus and his complices. Desires credence for Magnus. Edinburgh, 3 Feb.
P. 1. Add.: "To ane maist reverend father in God, ye cardinale of York and legat of Ingland." Endd.
4 Feb.
Add. MS. 28578, f. 16. B. M.
5255. YNIGO DE MENDOZA to [CHARLES V.]
Wrote in his last how the Queen had been compelled to send a messenger with a letter under her hand for the brief which is in the Emperor's possession. The messenger whom she first sent, by name Francis Philip, was obliged to return (se volvio malo del camino), and the Queen sent two others, one of whom she did not trust, and accordingly she sent with him a Spaniard, named Montoya, by sea.
They attach much more importance here to the brief which the Emperor has than to the dispensation, and do all they can to get hold of it. I believe they have word from Rome that it is not found in the register,—so it must be kept all the more securely, and care must be taken, even in giving a copy, that there be no mistake about it. It would be very desirable that it should be seen by the English ambassadors before it is used. Has received from the ambassador at Rome the protestation made upon this subject. Thinks he has used every effort to get the cause revoked to Rome. For this it is expedient that the Queen should send a power to decline this tribunal, or at least a letter under her hand, by which her will might be apparent. The power cannot be sent, because the Queen is surrounded by spies in her own chamber. The letter she [may find ?] a place to write, although with great difficulty, by which the Pope will see alike the little liberty she is allowed, and that she approves of the requests made on her behalf by the Emperor's ambassador.
Thinks this will be sufficient to silence these judges, and get the cause removed into the Consistory. Campeggio has always written hitherto, notwithstanding his commission, that proceedings shall in no wise commence here until he receives a new mandate; and the King, knowing this, has sent a gentleman of his chamber, and a learned man, to the Pope, to press the matter. Believes the Emperor's just favor will weigh more than their unjust demands.
This lady, who is the cause of all the disorder, finding her marriage delayed, that she thought herself so sure of, entertains great suspicion that this Cardinal of England puts impediments in her way, from a belief that if she were Queen his power would decline. In this suspicion she is joined by her father, and the two dukes of Suffolk and Norfolk, who have combined to overthrow the Cardinal; but as yet they have made no impression on the King, except that he shows him in court not quite so good countenance as he did, and that he has said some disagreeable words to him. Is informed that the French king with this King and the Cardinal have urged the Pope to go to Avignon, where they will all meet, and arrange to stop the Emperor's going to Italy. Has not been able to learn the Pope's answer Has given notice to the Emperor's ambassador in Rome by cipher.
Every day matters turn up about the Queen, for which it is needful to dispatch couriers to Rome, but she has so little liberty that she is unable to find a messenger, and refers everything to me; nor can I myself do anything but send the despatches to Mons. Hochstrat, to whom I request you will write to use all diligence in sending couriers.
Touching the continuation of the truce, the Cardinal has spoken to me urgently enough, and has written still more pressingly to the king of France. Expects, when the answer arrives from the Emperor, Mendoza's licence will already have come.
The Spanish ships which the French had fought with in the harbour, and which were arrested until it could be found who was the aggressor, have been allowed to depart, and restitution is to be made of the goods. Fears, however, that much has been hidden away and distributed.
Wrote lately of the order made about foreigners. It has been directed principally against Flemings, of whom there are more than 20,000 or 30,000 in the kingdom, who have begun to leave. The order as yet has only been carried out with regard to one trade, but it will henceforth be applied to all.
Has just heard that the King has pressed the Legates so urgently to have the cause decided here that they have sent two secretaries to the Pope, and have given the King great hope of a favorable answer. The King is so hot upon it that there is nothing he does not promise to gain his end; and if the cause be tried here it may be considered as lost, for I have as little trust in the new legate as in the old one. Campeggio has done nothing for the Queen as yet, except to press her to enter religion.
The Emperor has done well to keep the ambassadors at a distance from the court, notwithstanding Wolsey's complaints of it, as their only occupation is to write what passes.
This letter has been written seven days, the ship having been detained longer than he expected.
News has come through France that the Pope is dead. Does not know if it is true, but has no doubt it has disconcerted them here, as they expected the Pope would be forced to comply with their wishes. It was told him by the Queen; and if it is not true, it is the fault of the French. London, 4 Feb.
Sp., pp. 10. Headed: De don Ynigo, a iiij. de Febrero 1529. Modern copy from decipher in the archives at Simancas.
4 Feb.
R. O.
5256. The DUKE OF ALBANY to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for his offers made by his secretary Peter Vannes. Has heard from Francis a proposal made by the king of England, which he thinks very advantageous to the king of Scotland. Has given instructions about it to the bearer, the captain De la Roquette, which the King and Wolsey may diminish or augment as they think expedient. Paris, 4 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
4 Feb.
R. O.
5257. The DUKE OF ALBANY to HENRY VIII.
Knowing Henry's good will to the king of Scots, expresses his willingness to remedy the matters which the King communicated to Francis by his ambassadors (fn. 2) going to Rome. Desires credence for the captain De la Roquette, whom Francis is sending to England. Paris, 4 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
Cal. B. VI. 117. B. M.5258. ALBANY.
"Credence baillee depar le duc d'Albanye, &c., a maistre Jacques Lanis pour dire a Mons. reverendissme Mons. le cardinal d'Yorc, legat, primat et chancellier d'Angleterre."
Thanks Wolsey for his letters, and for the candor shown by them. The duke of Suffolk has sent to the king of France and to Albany expressing his master's desire for reform of the government of Scotland, and objecting to any alliance by marriage with the Emperor through his sister, the queen of Hungary, and the king of Scotland. If he wishes to prevent it, it will be necessary to act with promptitude, as the king of Scots desires it, and is urged to it by his subjects, as having no children. Encloses the copy of a letter the king of Scots had written to Albany on the subject. Francis and Madame are very sorry Wolsey was not there to manage the peace, and to promote the restoration of "Messieurs les enfans."
Pp. 3.
4 Feb.
R. O.
5259. PAUL CASALE to VINCENT CASALE.
The Pope has pretty well recovered. As he could not take the purge nor retain any medicine, his physicians gave him four or five pills, which produced great evacuation; but on the day when he was thought to be better, he was again attacked by the fever, worse than usual, and was in great pain all night, with frequent vomiting and paroxysms in the head. His fever is very bad again today. They have great apprehensions about him. The Imperial ambassador has offered the citadel of Ostia, &c. to the college of Cardinals, on payment of 6,000 Spanish crowns.
Lat., p. 1. Endd. Headed: Ex literis D. Pauli Casalii ad D. Vincentium die iiij. Februarii Romæ datis.
Vit. B. XI. 55. B. M.2. The same, in Italian.
Mutilated, copy.
4 Feb.
Galba, B. IX. 110. B. M.
5260. ABSTINENCE OF WAR.
Notification by the Emperor to the council of Flanders that the abstinence of war between himself and the kings of France and England, concluded for eight months from the 15th of last June, will endure until one of the contracting parties proclaims his intention to keep it no longer, giving two months' notice for the safety of merchants. Malines, 4 Feb. 1528.
Attested copy. Fr., pp. 2.
5 Feb.
Vit. B. XI. 56. B. M.
5261. JOHN CASALE, the Prothonotary, to WOLSEY.
Wrote in his last letters that they heard the Pope was better, although the duke of Urbino wrote that he was dead. Encloses a copy of a letter from his brother at Rome. The Pope's maître d'hôtel writes that the fever which the Pope was expecting on that day, had not come on. The duke of Urbino has come hither to take counsel with the Signory for an attack on Milan. The Signory thinks the war should be resumed at once, and [the French king] has been asked to furnish St. Pôl with what he needs. A commencement will be made with the troops now under arms, and the Venctians will make a levy to reinforce them. Continues to encourage them to this enterprise, and to preserve Aquila, whither it had been determined to send 4,000 troops paid by the French king and by the Florentines. There has been a slight variance about it, for the Florentines say they do not wish to pay for troops to defend the Venetian cities in Apulia. Wolsey will hear more trustworthy news about the Emperor from Spain. The Turk's expedition seems to be put off this year. The Vayvode's ambassador says he has good news.
The abbot of Farfa, one of the heads of the Orsini, has just arrived. He is paid by St. Pôl to levy 2,000 foot to defend Aquila and Abruzzo. There is great scarcity of corn at Milan, and Antony de Leva has obtained permission from the duke of Savoy to bring 4,000 bushels from Vercelli. St. Pôl will try to intercept them, and also the 500 Spanish foot who have landed at Genoa. Venice, 5 Feb. 1529.
Has received letters from his brother, dated the 4th, of which he sends a copy. Venice, 9 Feb. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated. Address pasted on. The endorsement pasted on the next page.
5 Feb.
Add. MS. 27,447, f. 76. B. M.
5262. ELEANOR LADY RUTLAND to SIR WM. PASTON.
Has received his letter, and supposes he has heard from her brother Leeke about her chief business.
Asks him to move Hen. Digby to proceed in the probation of her Lord's testament, the finding of offices and other matters, and to send her word from time to time. Commits everything else to him. Desires her duty to her mother. Belvoir, 5 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my father, Sir Willm. Paston, knt.
5 Feb.
R. O. St. P. IV. 551.
5263. QUEEN MARGARET to HENRY VIII.
Thanks the King for the honor he has shown to her at the confirming of this last peace, as explained to her by Magnus. Has informed Magnus of everything important in this realm, and shown him divers matters to the honor of England, partly touching herself. Hopes they will be duly weighed. Her affection for Henry has never abated, though some have reported the contrary, as Henry experienced when Margaret had the chief authority next her son. Edinburgh, 5 Feb. Signed.
Add. Endd.
5 Feb.
R. O.
5264. THE SAME to WOLSEY.
To the same effect. Edinburgh, 5 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
5 Feb.
Nero, B. VII. 53. B. M.
5265. VENICE.
Deliberations in the council of the Rogati about sending gallies to England. Dated 14 Jan. and 5 Feb. 1529.
Ital., pp. 44.
6 Feb.
Add. MS. 28,578, f. 21. B. M.
5266. CHARLES V. to BISHOP OF BURGOS.
Hears by various ways of the urgent efforts made by the king of England to obtain a divorce from his Queen, the Emperor's aunt; a thing which grieves him deeply, especially in the present scandalous state of the Christian commonwealth. Believes it must arise from the sinister persuasions of some who are about him. Has no doubt it will grieve all good subjects to the kingdom who know that this marriage was made by express permission of the Holy See, and has remained unquestioned so many years. The Emperor is compelled for his part to support his aunt, and has given charge to his ambassadors accordingly. He has also prayed the Pope that the cause may be determined in Consistory, and not in England. Desires the bishop to labor in this behalf in the Queen's name at Rome. Toledo, 6 Feb. 1529.
Spanish, pp. 4, modern copy from the Acad. de la Historia at Madrid.
Add. MS. 28,578, f. 57. B. M.5267. CHARLES V. to BISHOP OF BURGOS.
Has received his letters of 17 and 19 Nov. and 2 Dec. by Bilbao, but not the despatches which he says he sent by Sancho Martinez de Leyva.
Writes briefly, as the courier is about to depart to Bilbao. He will see by the letters carried by Monforte and Moqueron the diligence the Emperor has used in Spain, and also in Rome, in the matter of the queen of England. Has news from Rome that the ambassadors have used all diligence with the Pope to get him to revoke all commissions he has given about it, and remit the cognisance of the cause to Rome. Hears that the Pope has fallen sick, and is in danger of his life.
Spanish, pp. 2, modern copy.
6 Feb.
R. O.
5268. E. COPLAND, Priest, to CROMWELL.
Passed the Christmas with Mr. Leson and Mr. Woke, a gentleman of Mr. Compton's council. Told them of Cromwell's pains about procuring him the benefice of Yardley, and that nothing remained but to reclaim the advowson which Sir Wm. Gascoyne has. They promised to speak to their master to ask for the advowson again. Asks him to urge this on them if he meets with them. Oxford, 6 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful Mr. Thomas Cromwell, dwelling beside the Friar Augustines in London.
R. O.5269. HENRY VIII.
Commission stating that the King has heard with great grief of the death of Pope Clement VII., and authorizes Steph. Gardiner, LL.D., Sir Fras. Bryan, Sir Gregory Casalius, and dom. Peter Vannes, to visit the Cardinals, and treat with them touching the election of a new Pope. They are to receive what moneys they require by way of loan in the King's name, and pledge the King and kingdom for repayment. Greenwich,—Feb. 1528, computation of the Church of England. Signed by the King.
On parchment. The royal arms are beautifully tricked at the head, with a large initial H. fancifully drawn and shaded with sepia.
Vit. B. XIV. 118. B. M. Pocock's Records, II. 603.2. Corrected draft of the preceding.
Badly mutilated. Endd.: "... commissionis factæ post [obitum] pontificis."
Vit. B. XI. 67. B. M.5270. INSTRUCTIONS to GARDINER, BRIAN, GREGORY CASALE and VANNES at ROME.
Since the departure of Gardiner the King has by sundry ways been advertised of the Pope's death, so that the charge committed to them cannot be executed. Considering the dissensions among Christian princes, and the prospect of the ruin of the See Apostolic unless the ambition of those who wish to exterminate it is repressed by the help of good and virtuous princes, it is necessary that such a head and common father should be chosen as can and will provide for the restoration of the Holy See, will have the assistance of virtuous princes, and can resist the inordinate ambition of the Emperor, who studies for his own exaltation to suppress the Church. The King's matrimonial cause, which has been committed to them, delay in which would bring manifold dangers, can only be settled by the special favor of the Head of the Church; and he is loth to recur to any remedy except the authority of the See Apostolic, if he can find there favor answering to his merits, of which favor he would be clearly deprived if the future Pope were a person of whom he was not perfectly assured. The French king is thoroughly united to him. When all the Cardinals are considered, none can be found furnished with the requisites before named, except Wolsey, who is well known to have as fervent zeal as any person for the tranquillity of Christendom, the restoration of the authority and rights of the Church and the See Apostolic, the weal and exaltation of the kings of England and France and their allies, and also for the perfection of the King's cause.
The French king has spontaneously offered to use his influence on his behalf. He is the only person who can cope with the inordinate ambition of the Emperor, establish tranquillity in Christendom, and prevent the injury which will ensue to the Church from the passage of the Emperor to Rome next January. The King expects that the Emperor will endeavor to obtain the election of a Pope who is devoted to him, and take from him all the rights and patrimony of the Church, using him as his vassal and chaplain, or else by little and little "extinct" him and his authority. The King desires them, therefore, to use every means to advance Wolsey's election, as that on which depends the making or marring of the King's cause.
If the future Pope were an enemy to the King, it would be impossible to obtain the King's desire. If he were indifferent, he would get nothing but fair words and delay, as has already been seen in one who had more cause to adhere to the King than to be indifferent. A list is enclosed of the Cardinals likely to be absent and present at the election. The names of those favorable to the kings of England and France are marked with "a," the Imperialists "e," and the neutrals "n." Thirty-nine Cardinals are expected to be present, and it will be sufficient to gain twenty-six. Twenty are thought to be friendly, so that six only need be gained. If the Cardinals present, having God and the Holy Ghost before them, consider what is best for the Church, they cannot fail to agree upon Wolsey; but as human fragility suffers not all things to be weighed in just balances, the ambassadors are to make promises of spiritual promotions, offices, dignities, rewards of money, and other things, to show them what Wolsey will give up if he enters into this dangerous storm and troublous tempest for the relief of the Church; all of which benefices shall be given to the King's friends, besides other large rewards. The ambassadors are furnished with a commission for this purpose, and letters to the College of Cardinals, and particular Cardinals, which they are to deliver. By promises and arguments they must firmly unite a band of twenty, eighteen, or at least sixteen cardinals, who will prevent any adverse party from gaining the election, and make the residue more ready to come over to their side. But if any for private ambition persist in contending for themselves, it is evident that they are seeking the ruin of the See Apostolic, and the ambassadors must find means to have some sure persons in the conclave to practise what is necessary, and to send information to them so that they may know how to act. Suggests that De Vaulx should be one to enter the conclave, not as the French ambassador, but as the servant of some Cardinal, and that Gregory Casale should do the like. As this election by one way or other suffereth no negative, if for lack of grace or entendement there should be any despair thereof, the ambassadors are to publish a protestation passed by the Cardinals in England and France, of which a copy is enclosed. This may beforehand be couched and devised by Gardiner, and set forth by the policy of De Vaulx and Casale. The Cardinals on the English and French side will then leave the conclave, repair to some sure place, and proceed with the election, notwithstanding any election that may ensue at Rome.
The ambassadors may offer the Cardinals a guard of 2,000 or 3,000 men, to be in Rome during the election; and if the offer is accepted, they must take money by exchange, and provide the men. The French king has ordered Renzio to lie between the army of Naples and Rome, and the viscount of Turenne and the Venetians will lie on the other side, so that they will be free from fear of the Imperialists.
The Cardinals need not fear that Wolsey would reside at Avignon or other place away from Rome; for, first, he would resign all his dignities, and have no convenient habitation except Rome; and, secondly, the reason of his desiring the Papacy is his zeal for the Church, and he would therefore proceed directly to his See. The ambassadors are to use all means to gain the Venetians, the Florentines, the duke of Ferrara and others. They must assure the adherents of the Medici of Wolsey's favor; the Florentines, of their freedom; the Cardinals, of the recovery of the patrimonies of the Church; and the Venetians, of a reasonable settlement concerning Cervia and Ravenna. They must show the duke of Ferrara that Wolsey was the means of his alliance with the French king, and promise the continuance of his favor, Bids them have regard to the conduct of the French ambassadors, lest, despairing of the advancement of Wolsey, they incline to some other Cardinal, and refuse to make the protestation. Desires them to assure the Cardinals that, if the Imperialists proceed to an election without the consent of the residue, no prince will favor them except the Emperor and his brother. The King would consent to the election of the cardinal Campegius, if the election of Wolsey were impossible.
Signed by the King at the beginning and end; pp. 23.
Vit. B. XIV. 11. B. M. Pocock's Records, II. 605.2. List of the Cardinals supposed to be imperialists or otherwise.
Vannes' hand; mutilated.
6 Feb.
Vit. B. X. 72*. B. M. Burnet, IV. 75.
5271. WOLSEY to SIR GREGORY CASALE and PETER VANNES.
Laments the death of the Pope. It is of the utmost importance that they see no one elected who is hostile to the king of England. Leaves to their dexterity and fidelity what they are to do for the promotion of himself. They will gather this from his letters. London, 6 Feb. 1528. Signed.
Lat. Address pasted on.
7 Feb.
Vit. B. XI. 57. B. M. Fiddes' Wolsey, Coll., p. 211.
5272. WOLSEY to GARDINER.
Although they are sufficiently informed, by the instructions given to Mons. Vincent, of the King's and his intention concerning his advancement to the Papacy, writes these few words to him as the person whom he most trusts, and by whom this matter will be most set forth. Doubts not that he considers the state of the Church and all Christendom, and also of this realm, which would be utterly undone if the King's secret matter were settled in any other way than by the authority of the Church. It is therefore expedient to have such a person for [Pope and] common father to all princes as will apply a remedy; and although Wolsey considers himself unsuitable on account of his old age, yet, when all the Cardinals are considered, there will be found none who can and will set a remedy in the aforesaid things, except himself. If it were not for the restoration of the Church and the See Apostolic to their former dignity, and for the sake of obtaining peace amongst Christian princes and relieving England from its present calamities, would never accept the Papacy; but, in accordance with the necessity of the time and the will of these two Kings, will do all he can to attain this dignity. Wishes him therefore to use all his power, and spare no expence, promises or labour to bring this to pass, and to act according as he sees how persons are inclined. He and his colleagues have most ample power. Leaves everything to his skill and faithfulness. Westm., 7 Feb.
Hol., partly Latin, mutilated, pp. 2.
Vit. B. XI. 58*. B. M.5273. LIST of LETTERS.
Letters of the French king to the Pope on public and private matters; to the cardinals of Mantua, S. Severin, Farnese, Monte and Ursini, and to James Salviati.
Ten other letters, to be directed to whom we please. The King's letters for Wolsey. A bundle of letters containing an ample commission to the French ambassadors. Letter to the count of St. Pôl for our safety. General letters patent.
Lat., Vannes' hand, p. 1.
7 Feb.
Cal. E. I. 153. B. M.
5274. JOHN DU BELLAY, BISHOP OF BAYONNE, to WOLSEY.
Had certain intelligence this morning, while on his rapid journey, that the Pope was alive, notwithstanding the report of his death confirmed by the duke of Urbino. Wolsey will rejoice that the Head of the Church has been preserved from that impious villain. Will communicate to the King and his mother Wolsey's great interest in their welfare. From Clermont near Paris.
P.S.—Encloses [letters] of the King in the bundle, confirming the truth of what he had stated. Defers going to court till tomorrow.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: "Rmo. &c. Carl. Ebor. Sed. Apl. Legato ac Angl. Canc. dignissimo."
8 Feb.
R. O.
5275. JOHN WEST, Friar Observant, to WOLSEY.
As touching Ric. Harman's matter, it is time I were gone. The last day is Friday fortnight, 26 Feb., as John Hacket writes, when Harman will be delivered, and Hacket cast in the costs; a great encouragement to Lutheranism. My father-in-law, Sir Th. Exmew, died Saturday last, 6 Feb., and held from me and my sister, Kath. Colswell, certain evidences of lands in Middlesex, which I sold her and her husband William at the death of my mother, lady Eliz. Exmew, who died 14 Feb. 1528. He also withheld from my sister 20l. sterl., also a chalice and vestment, a chain of gold of 42 oz., 6 rings of gold set with stones, and 5l. 6s. 8d. bequeathed me by Wm. Browne, late alderman of London. My father-in-law, Exmew, promised that my sister and her husband should be his executors; but his executors, Th. Kyttson, mercer, and one Brokett, goldsmith, retain all his goods. Greenwich, 8 Feb. 1529.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord legate of England's grace. Endd.
8 Feb.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 287.
5276. BISHOPRIC OF WINCHESTER.
1. Bull to cardinal Wolsey, for the see of Winchester. Rome, vi. id. Feb. 1528.
Lat., vellum.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 288.2. Bull to the clergy of Winchester, for the same. Rome, vi. id. Feb. 1528.
Lat., vellum.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 289.3. Bull to the vassals of the see of Winchester, for the same. Rome, vi. id. Feb. 1528.
Lat., vellum.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 289.4. Bull to the people of the diocese, for the same. Rome, vi. id. Feb. 1528.
Lat., vellum.
S. B. b.5. Bull to Henry VIII. Rome, vi. id. Feb. 1528.
Lat., vellum.
9 Feb.
Vesp. C. IV. 287. B. M.
5277. GHINUCCI and LEE to [WOLSEY].
By letters from the court and the coast of Biscay, it seems that the Emperor's journey to Italy is put off for this year, and that the biscuit is ordered to be sold. The Emperor commanded John Almaigne to tell the earl of Desmond's servant that if he desired to treat with him he should send an embassy of men fit for that purpose. Has ordered a merchant on the coast, from whom they heard this, to send information to Tuke, and to inquire whether any artillery is being made for the Earl. Letters have just arrived from the court, saying that the Emperor still intends to go to Italy, but that difficulties are continually growing. The ambassador of the marquis of Mantua, who came from France with a safe-conduct, has probably come to purchase some title for the Marquis from the Emperor, as he is not contented with the confederates.
He had not left on Jan. 31. The ambassador of the duke of Ferrara is leaving. Valladolid, 9 Feb. 1528.
The Nuncio who negotiated between the Pope and the Emperor has died suddenly. Two days before the Emperor gave him the bishopric of Avila, worth about 1,200 ducats annually. Signed.
Pp. 2, in Lee's hand.
9 Feb.
Vesp. C. IV. 288. B. M.
5278. LEE to [HENRY VIII.]
On the same subject as the preceding,—Some think the delay of the Emperor's journey is in consequence of his doubt of the King, and some think, for the loyalty of this country, if he left it. Another cause suggested is lack of money.
There is much clamour for wages, which are in arrears for two or three years. Some of the Burgonion guard have gone home. Valladolid, 9 Feb. 1529.
Hol., pp. 2.
9 Feb.
Vesp. C. IV.(311.) B.M.
5279. GHINUCCI and LEE to WOLSEY.
The bearer, who is factor to a London merchant, has made daily suit for three months to the Emperor for restitution of two ships taken in May by Biscayans. Before leaving England he obtained a safe-conduct from don Inachus. The Emperor gave him good words, but put him off from day to day. At last he told the Emperor that he could stay no longer, for he had spent all he had. His Majesty told him to stay a few days, and ordered Almayne to give him 20 ducats for his expences. At last the Emperor gave him a schedule to the Justice of Biscay, ordering the sale of the ships and goods, half to go to the owner and half to the takers.
Almayne doubted whether the order would be obeyed, but said that, if not, the Emperor would give him as much out of his own coffers. The justice returned the schedule in two months unfulfilled, and the Emperor has told the merchant that he could do no more. Fears that John Radcliff, who brought Wolsey's letter, will have no better speed. Valladolid, 9 Feb. 1528. Signed.
In Lee's hand, p.1. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Another holograph of the same.
9 Feb.
R. O.
5280. CARDINAL'S COLLEGE, IPSWICH.
Final concord made in the Octaves of the Purification of St. Mary, 20 Hen. VIII., by which Wolsey conveys to the dean or master of his college of St. Mary, Ipswich, the manors of Bornehall, Panyngton, Hyntelsham, Horrolds in Burstall, Barnes in Thurlston, Felixstowe or Filchestowe and Rumburgh, with lands in Ipswich and other places.
Parchment.
R. O.2. Duplicate of the same.
10 Feb.
R. O.
5281. GHINUCCI to WOLSEY.
Refers to their common letters. Has no news to communicate. Valladolid, 10 Feb. 1528.
Hol., Lat.,p.1. Add. Endd.
12 Feb.
Vesp. C.IV.291. B.M.
5282. GHINUCCI to WOLSEY.
Received yesterday his letters dated Dec. 23. "Cum animadvertissemus oratorem Pontificis aliquid tractaturum vel operaturum in negocio matrimonii, ipseque ab octo diebus citra mortuus sit, cognoscentes Cæsarem alias. de quærenda dilatione in hac materia suspectum facile hinc dilationis ansam accepturum, visum est nobis omni qua potuimus diligentia id D.V.R. significare, quo, si ei videatur, possit impedimentum quod hinc pasci posset prevenire et negocio prout sibi videbitur providere. Hoc non tacebo quod licet mors hec aliquantulum dilationis prima facie videatur paritura, si tamen compensetur quod mortuus plus a Cæsare quam a se ipso pendebat et quod poterit serenissimus Rex et D.V.R. operari ut ad hoc nunc deputandus talis sit a quo quod equum et honestum sit reportare posse sperare valeat plus bre[vi]tatis quam moræ hec mors afferet." The remainder is in their common letters. Thanks the King and Wolsey for speaking to the Pope in his behalf. Valladolid, 12 Feb. 1529.
Hol., part cipher, Lat.,p.1. Add. Endd.
Vesp. C. VII. 40. B.M.2. To the same effect.
Lat., p.1. Endd.: "1529, translata e cifris etc."
12 Feb.
R. O.
5283. GHINUCCI and LEE to WOLSEY.
Received the despatch of Curson on 11 February, by Thomas Badcock. Curson came to Fountrabye with the Queen's servant on the 2nd. He had better have stayed in Bayonne, "for some means should have been found that they should not have prevented noder Curson no us." It appears by Badcock that Abel intended to go afore. As they have been there ten days, it is not unlikely that information has reached the Emperor. Without his letters, will not be allowed to depart. Have no ways to send to Curson, except by Badcock. The nuncio-apostolic, to whom the rescript was to be delivered, died about ten days back. Valladolid, 12 Feb.
P.1. Cipher, deciphered by Tuke. Add. Endd.
Titus, B.M. 331. B.M.2. Duplicate of the preceding. Valladolid, 12 Feb.
P.1. Cipher, deciphered by Tuke. Add.
12 Feb.
Vesp. C.IV.(312.) B.M.
5284. LEE to TUKE.
Tuke writes him words of some comfort, but the deeds do not so appear. Is forgotten.
In January last, after the intimation, when Lee would have dissuaded the Emperor from sending so ungoodly an answer, he sent to them the transumpt of a bull touching the Queen's marriage; but no brief or transumpt of a brief was shown to them, which probably would have been done, if the Imperialists had had one, "if it came of themselves to show that they showed; and we again remitted it, making no answer, as we had heard of no such thing." Thinks this was in the letters which Clarencieux brought, and in others sent before. He can tell this to the King and Wolsey. My lord of Worcester is well. Asks Tuke to procure leave for him to return when my lord of Worcester returns. Valladolid, 12 Feb. 1529.
Hol., p.1. Cipher, deciphered by Tuke. Add.
12 Feb.
R. O.
5285. EDWARD FETYPLACE to CROMWELL.
Desires his interest that he may be assured of more years in the farm of Poffeley, and will fulfil his part of the bargain. Requests him to be good master to Master Prior, who today takes his journey to my lord Cardinal. If Wolsey allow Mr. Prior to remain at Poffley, "I beseech you stop no part of the parsonage, ne of what liberty he will demand to have in the said house." Is as willing Mr. Prior should have the preferment as that he should have it himself. If he can obtain enough to remain in the house, Fetiplace hopes Cromwell will fulfil his promise to him. "Upon the Thursday after your departing, John Edden, your farmer, came to Poffley with one cart, and carried away such stuff as was appointed to go to Oxford; so that the bedding, which Fryer bought for 10s., was in my chamber, and the door was locked; and because the key was not there at that time, he, with great oaths, with levers brak up the doors." But for Cromwell's sake would have rewarded him after his desert. Requests him to deliver to the bearer "the ynchonkeyon wych ye promyzyd me for Jhon Sans and for Stamp." Desires to know with what words the writs should be delivered. 12 Feb.
Hol., pp.2. Add.: To his right trusty friend Mr. Cromwell, dwelling against the Fryer Agustyns yatt at Lundun, be thys delivered with spede from the kastel of Donyngton.
* On the margin and fly leaf of this letter occur some scribblings, in Cromwell's hand, of words and clauses of deeds.
12 Feb.
R. O.
5286. CARDINAL'S COLLEGE, IPSWICH.
Grant by John Higden, dean of Cardinal's College, Oxford, to Wm. Capon, dean of Cardinal's College, Ipswich, of the lands and site of Stanesgate and Blakamore, with their appurtenances. Dated at the college, 12 Feb. 1528. Signed by Wolsey.
Lat., vellum. Seal attached.
12 Feb.
R. O.
5287. DECREE.
Decree of Wolsey as Chancellor, ratifying an award of certain arbitrators in favor of Michael and Peter Erdara, in a dispute with Martin de Guynea. Dated 12 Feb. 20 Hen. VIII.
Lat., p.1.
13 Feb.5288. CROWN LANDS IN WALES.
Commission to Sir Roland Velavile, Rob. ap Ryce, clk., Ric. Bulkeley, David Owen, clk., and John Wyn ap Mered, to inquire into the value and amount of concealed lands belonging to the King in cos. Anglesea, Carnarvon, Merioneth, and Flint, and in the lordships of Denbyghland, Ruthingland, Bromefeld, and Yale. Westm., 13 Feb. 20 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p.1, m.15d.
R. O.2. Copy of the preceding. Pp. 2.
13 Feb.
Cal. B. II. 77. B.M. St. P.IV.552.
5289. MAGNUS to WOLSEY.
Came hither from Scotland on the 8th, and received from Thos. White, one of the King's messengers, Wolsey's letters, dated 31 January, with the ratification of the peace lately concluded, and of the articles accorded apart by indenture. Wrote to the king of Scots, the Chancellor, and others of his Council, advising them that the ratifications on their side should be ordered in like manner. Hopes everything will be completed next week. Will remain till the plenary execution of that cause. Sends by Thos. White all letters received from the king or queen of Scots, and his own poor advertisements. Will come up afterwards, both to declare all matters concerning his late business, and for the sake of his health. Could obtain no plain resolution of the matters entrusted to him till now, by reason of the king of Scots' long absence from Edinburgh, and the delay in assembling the Lords of his Council, who did not meet there till 18 Jan. After the receipt of his safeconduct came to Edinburgh on Twelfth even in Christmas, the king of Scots being then at Stirling. Was met on the way by Adam Ottirburne, and largely presented by the town of Edinburgh with wine, wax, and other presents. The King wrote to Ottirburne to see him well treated; and by special letters to himself, desired him to wait till he came to Edinburgh in 8 or 10 days, as he had removed into the country for his pastime. James nevertheless did not come till 14 days after, when most of the Scotch nobles were present. Magnus' sudden return northwards from Newcastle had given rise to various evil rumors, that the King was not content that peace was concluded unless the earl of Angus had been received into favor. Owing to this several attempts were made upon the Borders. Does not believe this was the cause of James staying away from Edinburgh, considering his gentle proceedings afterwards, unless it were that he does not like being spoken to about Angus, on whose part new displeasures have been done.
On 19 Jan., James came to Edinburgh. Had audience next day. Was conducted to the King by the bishop of Galloway and the abbot of Arbroath, privy seal. Stated that he had been instructed, before returning southwards, to visit the young King so as to report of his prosperous estate to his uncle. Delivered the letters of the King and Wolsey, which he received right joyously, enquiring for their welfare. He desired Magnus to wait a day or two, when he should be better advised of the purport of the said letters,—and would hear his credence. Was sent for two days after to the King's presence, who said to all his lords that, as I was his old acquaintance, he would use me familiarly, and took me apart with him into his privy chamber. Here Magnus declared his credence, how the King wished him to see James's prosperous estate, "and joyed much of his waxing sithens my last being with his said Grace;" that he was instructed to move him to follow the advice of his most honorable and discreet councillors, as it was reported in England that he was too much guided by light and young counsel, hinting the dangers that might arise from this. At this James said he was much bound to his uncle for his good advertisement;—observed of himself that young counsel was the destruction of the king of Denmark, and he hoped to be better advised. Commended his wisdom in this remark, and added the example of the fall of his grandfather James III. from the same cause. Spoke of the Armstrongs of Liddersdale, who presumptuously said they would not be ordered either by the king of Scots or England, and boasted that they had been the destruction of 52 parish churches in Scotland, besides the unlawful attempts they had made within England. Showed him that without justice and due correction within his own realm he could not reign like a king, and advised him to appoint officers on the Borders for redress; that the two nations could not continue together in good order unless kindness and justice were shown; and mentioned how often the King had made intercession for Angus, who had been treated with all the more severity every time. Said the King had written to Angus also to act so as to obtain mercy. James said it was impossible to make redress or repress theft, as it was encouraged by Angus giving so many pardons to offenders, and binding them to his service. He must have Henry's help. He and his Council, however, have bound the officers of the Borders, and the earl Bothwell, lord of Liddersdaile, to reduce the country to justice. When he urged conciliatory conduct towards Angus and his friends, James said he had been ready at Henry's intercession to accept them to mercy, but they refused it, as Wolsey will see both by the king of Scots' letters and by the instructions signed with his hand, which Magnus has to show, as also by a memorial of the provincial of the Friars Observants in Edinburgh, who was mediator between the Scotch king and Angus.
James says that when Angus encroached upon his authority, he promised to be a good lord to him if he would remove to his own lands. The Earl gave good words, but continued his intrigues, "conspiring further matter than he was forfeited for." James says it will be sore against his will if he continue in Scotland, especially as Angus did disappoint the giving up of Temptallon Castle, as he had promised to do, murdered Davy Fawconer, spoiled a great ship, and has done much harm in burning corn. Finding the king of Scots felt so strongly upon this point, Magnus consulted with the archbishop of Glasgow, chancellor, the archbishop of St. Andrew's, the bishop of Aberdeen, the earls of Arran and Argyle, Sir William Scot, and Mr. Adam Ottirburne, but could find no remedy. At last offered the King, on the part of Angus, 2,000l. to be reconciled, but without effect. Reminded James what gentleness the King had shown him in making a good answer to the sharp words in his former letters, and advised him to take the example of his uncle's merits, who had been his special preserver in his minority. James declared he would never show himself ungrateful. Magnus then, as a poor man who had often taken great pains for the peace of both realms, begged leave to be plain with him, and said he was not a little surprised that he should lean so readily, as was said in England, to those who might be the King his uncle's enemies. Touched on the efforts made in Flanders to obtain in marriage the dowager of Hungary the Emperor's sister, who was many years older than James, and would bring him small profits and much trouble. Showed the danger of Albany's being sent to Scotland if James declined from England; and that though there might be some business between England and France on the one side and the Emperor on the other, it was not likely to last, and, by the wise counsel of England and France, James would be left quite alone.
James found it hard to make answer, and said he did not mean to seek new friends, though special motions had been made to him by others. Seeing he was perplexed, Magnus said he wondered particularly that James cared so little about my lady Princess, touching whom, so far as he knew his Grace had received no desperate answer. James said he had heard she was promised to the duke of Orleans; but he would send more familiarly to his uncle, as there was no marriage that he more desired. Is sure neither James nor his Council will seek any other alliance without the King's advice. Has received assurances of this from the Queen, the archbishop of St. Andrew's, Sir Will. Scott of Balwery, and Adam Otterburn. Never found the queen of Scots more devoted to England. Has seen letters from John Moffit, conservator of the Scotch nation in Flanders, and practiser of the marriage for James, stating that the Emperor will have 200 ships of war ready by the 15th inst., and that there are in Flanders a good number of ships ready to be conveyed to him, with guns, powder, shot of stone and iron.
Angus is at this moment burning and doing displeasures in Scotland; and earl Bothwell, appointed lieutenant of Lothian, is doing all the displeasures he can to remove him; so that it was with great danger Magnus passed between Edinburgh and Berwick. Is sure Angus was not in fault for this, and that James will be displeased; but cannot see how the Earl can continue, as he depends only on the King. Berwick, 13 Feb. Signed.
Add.
13 Feb.5290. For the MONASTERY OF SHAFTESBURY.
Assent to the election of Dame Eliz. Zuche as abbess. Westm., 13 Feb.
Pat. 20 Hen.VIII.p.2, m.3.
14 Feb.
R. O.
5291. KNIGHT and BENET to WOLSEY.
Visct. Turyn, who has been some time with the count of St. Paul in Lombardy, arrived here yesterday by post, and sent us a letter from Dr. Stephens, dated at Alexandria the 6th inst., where he had arrived in good health, though on his way from Lyons he had met with a dangerous fall. He intended that day to ride 20 miles, accompanied by a number of men of war, for fear of the Spaniards. It was said the Pope had recovered, and had given audience to cardinals and ambassadors. It was fortunate Sir Peter brought us your letters, else we had been at Rome sooner than Mr. Stephens was at Lyons. Will follow our last instructions whenever we hear of his arrival. Lyons, 14 Feb. Signed.
Pp.2, in Knight's hand. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
14 Feb.
R. O.
5292. HACKETT to TUKE.
Wrote on 26 Jan., and on the 9th of this to the deputy of Calais. Has had no news of Friar West's coming. Yesterday, riding with my Lady from Mechlin to Brussels, she told me that De Bredam was going to England with letters from the king of Bohemia, asking for succours against the Turks. I told her I thought the best resistance to the Turk was for a general peace in Christendom. She agreed, but said we must watch the times, and that on the 15th the truce between England, the Low Countries, and France would be proclaimed; that formerly the French king was not so well disposed. The offers he now makes are much more to the Emperor's honor, but she could not say whether he would accept them. Brussels, 14 Feb. 1528.
P.S.—This Monday, the 15th, the truce was proclaimed. There was news of the Pope's death on the 19th, but I have heard from Rome that he has recovered.
Hol.,pp.3. Add. Endd.
15 Feb.
R. O.
5293. MOLD PETIS.
"Confession of Mold (Maud) Petis, in the which is contained the articles how and for what cause she slandered untruly Mr. Thomas Bradshawe, vicar of Godshill, and Rob. Irneshawe."
When I was in prison dame Anne Wurseley, wife of Sir James Wurseley, sent to me several times Mr. Wyntersall, told me if I did not tell the truth I should be had to London and racked. She also sent to me Thos. Holbroke, my father-in-law, and Thos. Dymmoke, who told me Rob. Irmeshawe was thrown in prison in the Castle of Casbroke (Carisbrooke), and that there were found in his chest writings "what things it was that should have poisoned my said Lady, with divers oths (others ?),to the intent it should have been named a reigning sickness,"—that Irmeshawe had confessed,—that Tho. Bradshawe had fled from his benefice,—and that my father-in-law wished to know of me what things it was that should have poisoned my Lady. I told them the truth, that neither the vicar nor Irmeshawe had instigated me to such matters, and I was told by my father-in-law and Dymmoke that if I would send my Lady the effect of my mind, she would forgive me, and procure my pardon.—Note. This promise was made because Mold had committed petty treason in burning a barn of Rich. Barton, "when she was not in her good mind by reason of a slander." My father-in-law said priests were false and worked by spirits, and that I should be hanged for keeping the vicar's counsel. My Lady also sent to Winchester to me by Will. Gryme certain powders, which I was to have pounded for her. It was said that I had been seen to do it, which was not true; and that if they did not take effect, I was to get leave to go on pilgrimage to Our Lady of Grace at Southampton, where I should get such things as would do my business. When my Lady saw that she could not get me to say anything contrary to the truth, she caused me to be bailed out of prison, and sent to Mr. Waytes, of Wymaryng, where she was examined by three of her servants, and for fear of death slandered the vicar and Irmeshawe. After this Mr. Cope, Mr. Wayte, and Golde, of Portsmouth, were sent, as they said, by the Chief Justice, and I was examined in presence of Sir Jas. Worseley and my Lady, when I confessed I had slandered them to please my Lady. Long before this they had removed me to Portsmouth to meet my Lady, who would have had me confess that I had poisoned her indeed. Afterwards Mr. Welles told me that if I said anything to please her against the vicar, my Lady would kneel before the King to have my liberty, if it cost her 100l., otherwise she would spend as much to put me to death. This confession was made in the presence of John Angill, notary, and eight other witnesses.
ii. Lewis Gogh, of Westminster, baker, confesses before Walter Williamson, mayor of Winchester, that Wm. ap William, keeper of Winchester gaol, who had a child by the same Mold, had sent him to her when she was in prison at the King's Bench prison in Southwark, to obtain a confession that the vicar of Godshill had incited her to poison lady Worseley.
iii. Indictment against Tho. Bradshawe, of Godshill, and Molda Peteous, of Appuldurcombe, Isle of Wight, spinster, for having conspired on the 14 Feb. 19 Hen. VIII. to poison John Geffrey, and others of the household of Sir Jas. Worseley.
Pp. 1, broad sheet.
R. O.2. Depositions of Richard Smyth, of Appledorcombe, Michael Raby, and others, against Mold Petyus, suspected of poisoning lady Worsley at Portsmouth.
One of them dated 15 Feb. 20 Hen. VIII.
On the 8th July 22 Hen. VIII. dame Anne Worseley sought an interview with Petys in the King's Bench prison, and got her to confess before a notary that her deposition against Bradshawe was made without solicitation on her part.
Pp.6.
15 Feb.
R. O.
5294. STEPHEN GARDINER to HENRY VIII.
Advertises the King of his arrival. Unless the Pope is of a better disposition than at present he appears to be by Brian's letters, Gardiner's coming in the King's cause is not likely to be of much use. Will nevertheless do the best he can, and prove his fidelity. Hopes his service will be acceptable. Rome, 15 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. by Wriothesley.
15 Feb.
Cal. E. III. 54. B.M.
5295. JO. TAYLER to [WOLSEY].
"After I had clos[ed my letters to your] Grace, came unto me the ambassador of Fl[orence, who showed unto] me letters in the which were contained t[wo letters of] Camillo Aperdo and the conte de Montori ... in Aquila, perceiving that the prince of Ora[nge] ... viceroy de Brucia, come with such power ... that they were not able to resist. In the night [they retreated] and left Aquila, and went to a strong castle [called] Matrice, and to another called Montlione, so that ... take without any resistance." The same letters contained that ... of Florence had letters from Rome, dated ... and 30 Jan., stating that the Pope laborabat variis [pericu]losis accidentibus, so that he was not clean deliver[ed from his] sickness, and that the Florentines feared the Pope's sudden death, lest the Imperialists, being still near Rome, would make a Pope after their mind. Thinks it is ex[pedient] that Vincentius Casalius were near Rome, in omne ... to do what Wolsey has committed to his c[harge], with the counsel and aid of the ambassdors there resident. Paris, 15 Feb. 1528. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated.
15 Feb.
R. O.
5296. SANDYS to WOLSEY.
Mons. Bayonne arrived here on Saturday the 6th, and left with great speed towards the King his master. He desired me to write to you in behalf of a merchant of Paris, named John Brice, who has lost a ship at Waleden, in the lordship of Marke and Oye. The report is that the truce is enlarged for two months. Desires he may come to England after the feast of Easter. They have already commenced repairing the fortifications of Calais and Guisnes. Those at Guisnes were much worse than they appeared to be at first sight. Calais, 15 Feb. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.
15 Feb.
Harl. MS. 442, f.101. B. M.
5297. INCLOSURES.
Proclamation to be published by the sheriff of Kent, ordering the breaking down before a fortnight after Easter of the fences of lands unlawfully enclosed. Westm., 15 Feb. 20 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, pp. 2.
Vesp. C. XIII. 322. B.M.5298. [LEE] to CHARLES V.
"Copy of our letters to the Emperor."
Desires a safe-conduct for John Curson, who, they hear, has come to the borders of Fontarabia, and will bring things to be communicated to the Emperor.
Hol., p. 1.
15 Feb.
R. O.
5299. CHARLES V. to the ENGLISH AMBASSADORS.
Has sent a safe-conduct to the Englishman at Fonterabie. If they have anything to say to him on their King's behalf, will be glad to see them, but it must be before his departure on the 1st of March. Toledo, 15 Feb. 1529.
Copy in English, in Lee's hand, p. 1. Endd.
R. O.2. The Ambassadors to the Emperor.
Have received his letters licensing their coming. Are informed from England that a safe-conduct has been sent to a servant of their King coming from England, for whom they are now waiting. Valladolid.
Copy in English, in Lee's hand, p. 1. Endd.
15 Feb.
Vesp. C. IV. (315.) B. M.
5300. GHINUCCI to [WOLSEY].
Wrote three days ago jointly with Lee. It was perhaps not necessary to send the letters with such diligence. Had not time to read everything that was sent to them. "Legeram enim quod in meis particularibus literis cifris additum fuerat ubi dicebatur quod non discederem ex Hispania quousque singula ab Urbe mihi et nuncio pontificis huc mittenda perbecta (pervecta) essent etc.," which seemed to agree with the custom usual in such cases, for he thought such things were done by the hands of the ambassadors. Is in some perplexity, because in Wolsey's long letters to him it is supposed that a new ambassador should be sent hither for this purpose. It would not be much expence.
Expects leave to go to the court in three days.
Hopes to write something to his satisfaction about the matter mentioned in the long letters.
Wishes he had a copy of the bull and the briefs. Valladolid, 15 Feb. 1529.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. The cipher deciphered.

Footnotes

1 Perhaps a continuation of the preceding.
2 Brian and Vannes.