S. E. T. c. I.
32. Ferdinand and Isabella to De Puebla.
Have received various letters from De Puebla, the last
of the 21st December ult.
Have not written for a long time, because they were told
that he was on his way to Spain with the English ambassadors.
|Duchess of Brittany.
Ambassadors and gentlemen from the Duchess of Brittany
have arrived, demanding assistance against France, and the
sooner the better. Ferdinand will go directly to Andalusia,
and provide for the frontier war against the Moors. He
will then return, and get the expedition to Brittany ready. The
inundations of the rivers delay his departure. Meanwhile
ambassadors have been sent to Brittany to pacify those who
are living at the Court of the Duchess, and who are said to be
quarrelling with one another. It is rumoured that Henry has
already sent troops to Brittany. De Puebla is ordered to
procure speedy and effectual assistance from him. Henry
has the best opportunity for it, considering the dispositions
of his troops and the close vicinity.
As to the marriage of the Duchess of Brittany, the ambassadors
told her that Henry wished her to marry the Duke
of Buckingham, and to have certain fortresses delivered to
him, as security for the pay of his troops. The fortresses are
given as security, but the answer respecting the marriage is
evasive. Want to know in what state the affair is now. It
may be that the Duchess wishes to make another marriage.
Would Henry resent it, provided the husband to be chosen
were a friend of his own? On all these points De Puebla
must inform himself very minutely, but without letting
Henry know anything that might induce him not to assist
Brittany, or to put off the conclusion of the treaties with
In the other negotiations with England De Puebla has
done perfectly well. The ambassadors ought to come as soon
as possible that Ferdinand may see them before his departure
|King of the Romans.
Ambassadors from the King of the Romans have arrived and
returned in company with ambassadors from Ferdinand and
Isabella to the said King. If Henry and the King of the
Romans are not yet reconciled, De Puebla is to procure their
Draft. Spanish. pp. 4.
Indorsed : "A copy of this in cipher is sent from Medina
by a courier to Diego de Soria in Burgos, the 15th of
February 1489, in order to be forwarded to De
The despatch went in cipher, but the ciphered copy of
it is no longer extant.
Coll. of Arms.
33. Roger Machados' relation of the English Embassy to
Spain and Portugal.
The King of England sent Dr. Thomas Salvage and Richard
Nanfan, accompanied by Roger Machado, Richmond
King-at-arms, on an embassy to Spain and Portugal. After relating
the occurrences of their voyage, and their journey from
Laredo to Medina del Campo, they give an account of their
first audience of the King and Queen, which took place on the
14th March. On delivering their letters Doctor Salvage made
a long oration in Latin, to which the Bishop of Ciudad Rodrigo
replied, but "le bon evesque estoit si viel, et avoyt perd
tous ses dens, que a grant payne on peult entendre ce qu'il
dissoit." The second audience took place the next day,
when they conferred with the King and Queen about the matters
respecting which they had come, and afterwards were introduced
to the Prince and Infanta. On the 22nd and 25th
jousts and bull fights were held in their honour. Machado
adds, "On parle de l'onner que en fait es enbassadeurs en
"Angleterre ; certes ce n'est pas à comparer à l'onner que on fait
aulx enbassadeurs au royaulme de Castille." On the 27th
they concluded all their negotiations, the King and Queen
swearing to do and keep all that had been agreed upon
between them and the King of England ; after which the
ambassadors took leave, and, laden with rich presents, pursued
their journey towards Portugal.
French, 42 pages of print.
Printed in Gairdner's Memorials of Henry VII.
S. E. T. c. I.
34. Treaty between England and Spain, ratified by
Ferdinand and Isabella.
Commission of Ferdinand and Isabella to Didacus de
Guevara, Doctor de Puebla, and Sepulveda, dated Medina del
Campo, 26th of March 1489 :
Commission of Henry VII. to Richard Nanfan and Thomas
Salvage, dated Westminster, 11th of December, 4th year of his
reign (1488) :
|Treaty between England
1. A true friendship and alliance shall be observed henceforth
between Ferdinand and Isabella, their heirs and subjects, on the
one part, and Henry, his heirs and subjects, on the other
part. They promise to assist one another in defending their
present and future dominions against any enemy whatsoever.
The subjects of one of the contracting parties are allowed
to travel, stay and carry on commerce in the dominions of
the other contracting party, without general or special passport,
and will be treated on the same footing as the citizens
of the country in which they temporarily reside.
The customs are to be reduced to what they were in time
of peace thirty years ago.
2. Neither party shall in any way favour the rebels of the
other party, nor permit them to be favoured or stay in his
3. Mutual assistance to be given against all aggressors
within three months after the assistance has been requested.
The assisted party to pay the expenses, which are to be
fixed by four knights, two from each side.
4. Henry is not permitted to assist Charles, King of France,
or any other prince at war with Spain. Ferdinand and
Isabella promise the same to Henry.
5. Henry is not to conclude peace, alliance, or treaties with
France without the sanction of Ferdinand and Isabella, who,
on their side, bind themselves to the same effect with respect
6. As often as and whenever Ferdinand and Isabella make
war with France, Henry shall do the same, and conversely.
7. As Henry, however, has concluded a truce with
France till the 17th of January next, he is not to call upon
Spain, during this truce, to undertake a war with France.
For the term of one year after the expiration of the said
truce either party shall be at liberty to conclude a new truce
with the King of France, but the other contracting party
must be included in it. Should actual war, however, break
out "this very day" between England and France, neither
Henry nor Ferdinand and Isabella shall conclude a truce
without the express sanction of all parties to this treaty,
8. In case the King of France voluntarily restore Normandy
and Aquitaine to England, Henry shall be at liberty
to conclude peace with him without the consent of Spain ; or
in case the King of France restore Roussillon and Cerdaña
to Spain, then Ferdinand and Isabella shall be at liberty to
make peace with him without the consent of England, all
other clauses of this treaty remaining in full force.
9. Either of the contracting parties shall include the other
in all leagues, treaties, &c., with other princes or republics.
10. The Pope and the Kings of Naples and Portugal are
excepted from this treaty. The King of the Romans shall
be excepted as soon as he shall conclude an alliance with both
12. The Duchess of Brittany and her future husband are
|Letters of marque.
13. All letters of marque and reprisal are revoked. Any
Spanish or English vessel sailing from a Spanish or English
port is to give security for good behaviour at sea, to the
amount of double the value of the vessel, its equipment, and
provisions. If during the voyage it causes damage to Spanish
or English vessels, the injured party shall be indemnified from
the said security. Should justice be denied, the King of the
injured party must twice demand redress from the sovereign
of the party which has done the damage before he deliver
letters of marque and reprisal.
14. Infractions by the subjects of either of the contracting
parties are not to dissolve the treaty.
15. In case a subject of one of the countries in question
is injured by a subject of the other country, and redress
cannot be obtained, after it has been demanded by the
government of the injured party, letters of marque and reprisal
may be issued.
16. The treaty is to be proclaimed within six months after
its signature in all towns and seaports of Spain and
|Marriage of the Princess
17. In order to strengthen this alliance the Princess Katbarine
is to marry Prince Arthur. The marriage is to be contracted
per verba de futuro as soon as Katharine and Arthur
attain the necessary age.
18. The marriage shall be contracted per verba de prœsenti
and consummated as soon as the Prince and the Princess
attain the necessary age for it. Henry and Ferdinand and
Isabella shall swear to employ all their influence with their
children that the marriage be contracted as stipulated.
19. The marriage portion is to be 200,000 scudos, each
scudo in value 4s. 2d. sterling. One half to be paid when
the Princess comes to England, and the other half within
two years after.
20. De Puebla states that it has been agreed between him,
the Bishop of Exeter, and the Lord Privy Seal that one
fourth of the marriage portion shall be payable in ornaments,
jewels, &c. belonging to the Princess. The English ambassadors,
on the contrary, deny that such an arrangement has
been made. The word of honour, and the oath, of the Bishop
of Exeter and the Lord Privy Seal are to be given on this
20. The dowry is to consist of a third part of the revenues
of the duchies of Wales, Cornwall, and Chester, which
is warranted to amount to no less than 25,000 or at least
23,000 crowns. In case the Princess become Queen of
England, she is to enjoy a greater dowry, in the same way as
other Queens have done before her.
21. Ferdinand and Isabella pledge all their goods and
revenues, and all the goods and revenues of their subjects, for
payment of the marriage portion.
22. Henry pledges all his and his subjects' goods and
revenues for the dowry.
23. The right of succession to the crown of Castile and
Arragon is reserved to the Princess Katharine.
24. Ferdinand and Isabella promise to send the Princess
to England decently apparelled and provided with ornaments
and jewels becoming her rank. Her marriage must take
place within one month after her arrival in England.
25. The time when the Princess is to go to England shall
be fixed hereafter.
Medina del Campo, 27th of March 1489.
Signatures of the Spanish, commissioners and English
Ratification of Ferdinand and Isabella, Medina del Campo,
28th of March 1489. (fn. 1)
Latin. On parchment. pp. 43.
|S. E. T. c. I.
L. 4. f. 91.
35. Memorial of the Clauses contained in the Treaty with
the King of England, and not contained in the
Treaty with the King of The Romans.
"Among the clauses omitted in the treaty with the King of
the Romans are the following :—Neither of the contracting
parties to be allowed to receive the enemies or rebels of the
other party in his dominions, or to give them advice and
2. The clause respecting the army to be sent in assistance.
|King of France.
3. Neither of the contracting parties to be allowed to assist
the King of France.
4. Either of the contracting parties not to be at liberty to
conclude peace with the King of France without the express
sanction of the other party.
5. If one party make war upon France, the other party
is bound to do the same. [This clause in the other treaty is
limited to the case in which each of the parties consent to
recover what has been taken from him.] As soon as either
of them obtain his rights, he is no longer bound to continue
[Then follows an abstract of the seventh clause of the treaty
of the 27th of March, containing the modalities of the war
"Neither of the contracting parties is at liberty to conclude
peace and alliance with any other prince or republic without
including the other party. [This clause is not in the treaty
with the King of the Romans.]
It is necessary to bear in mind the manner in which the
King of the Romans, the Duchess of Brittany and her future
husband are excepted.
There is no clause in the treaty with the King of the
Romans which binds him, in case he make peace with
France, to ask Charles to give back to Ferdinand the counties
of Rousillon and Cerdaña."—No date. (fn. 2)
Spanish. pp. 3.
S. E. T. c. I.
L. 3. f. 1.
the King of France
and the King of the
Duchess of Brittany.
36. Treaty between the King of France and the King of
The Romans, the substance of which is as follows :—
1. They have made perpetual peace, which has been
2. As for the other business of the Duchess, who is not
called Duchess but Madame Anne, "as she was styled in
"the treaty which the King of England (fn. 3) gave me to read
with his own hand," it is agreed that, of the four places
which the King of France has conquered, two are to be given
to Monsieur de Bourbon, and two to the Prince of Orange.
The King of the Romans promises that the Duchess shall turn
the English out of her dominions.
3. With regard to the duchy of Burgundy and the two
seignories (señorios) which the King of France has taken, it is
said that, at the meeting of the Kings, Charles will act liberally
to the King of the Romans, and has promised to do the same
with respect to St. Omer.
4. Both parties have included their friends in this treaty
without naming them. They intend to give the names of
their friends at their intended interview, neither the time
nor the place of which is as yet agreed upon.
The treaty of 1482 is to be revived. It is agreed that they
shall give back their lands to Monsieur D'Albret, to Monsieur
Philip, and to the old Duchess.—No date. (fn. 4)
Spanish, of which the preceding is a literal translation.
V. 3653. f. 135.
Duties on Spanish
37. Ferdinand to Henry VII.
Juan Albanel and Miguel Casaldaguila, Spanish merchants,
residing in England, have complained that they are forced to
pay higher duties on goods imported into England than they
have hitherto paid. The Custom House officers protest that
they are not subjects of the Crown of Castile. According to
the treaty of peace between Spain and England, all Spanish
subjects, without distinction, are to be on the same footing
as Englishmen. Hopes Henry will do them justice.—Jaen,
27th of May 1489.
Spanish. pp. 2.
5 & 6 Hen. VII.
m. 38. (7).
38. Henry VII. to All Persons.
Letters of safe conduct and protection to John Lopes and
Gomes de Soria, merchants of Spain, and residents of Bruges
in Flanders, to come into England, &c—Westminster, the
18th of October.
Latin. p. ¼
P. R. O.
5 & 6 Hen. VII.
m. 8. (27.)
39. Henry VII.
Licence to Sanchio de Vilbao, John de Bassesavall, John
de Mondake, John de Arechega, John Ochoa de Arresticita,
Myngot de Fawtys, John de Arbiet, Martin de Geldo,
Stephen de Argundegi, Ocheo de Gronde, Spanish Merchants,
to trade with their ships in England.—Windsor, the 29th of
Latin. p. ½.
V. 3565. f. 241.
40. Ferdinand to Elizabeth, Queen of England.
Ferdinand has conquered the town of Baca, in the kingdom
of Granada, and has made great progress in the war against the
Moors. As his victory must interest all the Christian world,
he thinks it his duty to inform the Queen of England of it.
—Baca, 4th of December 1489.
Latin. pp. 2.
There are several letters to the same effect to different
princes, but not one to Henry VII.