S. E. T. c. I.
95. Ferdinand and Isabella to De Puebla.
Are surprised he has not written since he left for England.
He must bring his business to a speedy conclusion and write
by this courier.—Madrid, 12th of March 1495.
Indorsed : To "Doctor De Puebla, &c."
Spanish. p. 1.
S. E. T. c. I.
Articles of the
96. League between Pope Alexander VI., Maximilian I.,
Ferdinand and Isabella, Barbadico in the name
of Venice, and Ludovico Maria Sforza. (fn. 1)
1. A league and alliance is concluded between them, to
endure 25 years and longer, for the conservation of all the
princes and states in Italy, even of those who are now dispossessed
of their dominions.
2. The Pope is bound, during the whole period, to keep an
army of 4,000 horse and 2,000 foot ; the other members of
the league, 8,000 horse and 4,000 foot each, in order to
assist one another, each party paying his own expenses.
3. If one member of this league be attacked, all the other
members are bound to send such assistance as the case
requires, or its equivalent in money ; that is to say, the
Pope 30,000 ducats, and the others 60,000 ducats a year.
This sum is neither to be augmented nor diminished by
the accession of new members. Assistance by sea is to be
reckoned as well as assistance by land. If more than one
member of the league be attacked at the same time, the assistance
of troops or of money is to be divided between them.
The state which receives the assistance is to provide the
auxiliary troops with lodgings and food, for which the
soldiers, however, are to pay.
4. The Pope and the Dukes of Venice and Milan conclude
a special agreement, binding on themselves only, to the effect
that if one of them be attacked, the other two shall assist him
with all the forces they are bound to keep, according to this
5. The Pope engages to assist the members of the league,
not only with temporal, but with spiritual arms (armis
6. If war has begun, peace cannot be concluded except with
the knowledge of all the members. All the members must be
included in the peace. If the offender make acceptable offers
to the offended member of the league, and subject himself to
the jurisdiction of it, the whole league is to decide whether
his offers are to be accepted or not. If the offended
member be not satisfied with the verdict of the league, he
may continue the war, but the other members are not bound
to assist him any longer.
7. After the conclusion of the league no member of it is
permitted to conclude alliances witn Italian States without
the consent of the whole league, which cannot, on any condition,
be altered by such alliances.
8. All princes and states to be hereafter admitted into the
league on such conditions as the present members of it shall
9. Each member can, within three months, name adherents
and clients (adherentes et commendatos) who, however,
must be inferior in dignity and power to every one of the
members of the league. More powerful princes and states
can be admitted, but must contribute according to the conditions
on which they are admitted (as in Art. 7).
10. The league must be ratified by all the members within
|Proclamation of it.
11. It must be published by the Pope and the Dukes of
Venice and Milan on Palm Sunday the 12th of April next,
"with great solemnities, processions, demonstrations of joy."
The Emperor, and King and Queen of Spain, will proclaim
it in a similar manner as soon as possible.
12. If the league conquer towns, fortresses, castles, &c.,
of which one of the present, or future members, or their
adherents and clients, have been dispossessed, they are to be
restored to the rightful owners.
13. If any member, or his adherents and clients, offend
any other member, or adherent and client, the league is not
to be regarded as dissolved by such offence, but the offending
party is to be forced to make reparation, as though he
were not a member of the league.
14. If war break out between two or more members of
the league, the other members must not permit the troops
of the belligerents to pass through their territories or give
them provisions, &c.
15. No member of the league shall take into his service,
captains, &c. who have deserted from any other member of
the league. If required, he shall arrest and keep them
in prison till they have given back the arms, &c. which
they had taken with them, or have come to an understanding
with the member whom they have deserted.
|King of the
16. The King of the Romans is permitted, on his way to
his coronation in Rome, to pass without impediment through
the Italian States of the members of the league, paying for
provisions for himself, his servants and his soldiers.
17. The Dukes of Venice and Milan shall follow the King of
the Romans to his coronation in Rome, and each of them
shall send him 40 helmets (elmettos) as a guard of honour.
Venice, at the Ducal Palace, in the bedchamber of the Duke,
30th of March 1495.
Latin. Copy. pp. 14.