S. E. Pat. Re.
T. c. I. L. 5. f. 132.
31. Miguel Perez Almazan (?) to the Secretary Of Margaret
Of Austria. (fn. 1)
After his departure news arrived that the King of France
intends to take possession of the cities of Verona and Vicenza
in prejudice of the Emperor. The King of France is, moreover,
forming plans to besiege Venice from all sides. If he
should execute his designs, he would render himself master of
Italy and perhaps of the whole of Christendom. The general
opinion is that he will succeed in what he is about to undertake,
if the Emperor and King Ferdinand do not combine in
good time and take such measures as are requisite. They
are the more obliged to do so, as the Prince Charles is their
common son and heir.
Moreover, the King of England has sent a letter to King
Ferdinand in which he manifests his desire to enter into a
close alliance with Spain and the Emperor. If such alliance
were concluded, the King of France would not be able to
carry out any enterprise prejudicial to the interests of the
allies. There is still time, with little effort, to prevent
France from injuring the other Christian princes. At a later
period the greatest energy would perhaps not suffice to curb
Writes him this letter in order that he may use his influence
with Madame Margaret, and induce her to cause the
alliance between the Emperor, Spain, and England to be concluded ;
a task which is certainly not difficult for her, and
the execution of which would secure to her everlasting fame.
—No date. No signature.
Indorsed : "To the Secretary of Madame Margaret."
Spanish. Draft, written by Miguel Perez Almazan,
First Secretary of State. pp. 1½.
S. E. Pat. Re.
T. c. I. L. 5. f. 134.
32. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Katharine, Queen
Wrote to her by the courier Peti Juan on the 28th of
November. Sends her a duplicate of that letter, in order
that she may see it in case the first courier should have met
with an accident on the road.
John Stile has told him what the King of England has
written to him (Stile), namely, that he wishes at once to conclude
a most intimate alliance with him, the King of the
Romans, the Queen of Castile, and Prince Charles, for the
security and defence of their respective dominions. Should
it be impossible to conclude this league at once, then the
King of England wishes without delay to conclude an alliance
with him (King Ferdinand) and the Queen of Castile, to
which confederacy the King of the Romans may afterwards
become a party.
Is very glad to hear that the opinions of the King of
England exactly coincide with what he had written to
England before he knew the wishes of the King. Has told
John Stile this, and has ordered him to write to the King of
England, his son, informing him that his desires shall be
attended to. If the King of England wishes to conclude a
most intimate and everlasting alliance with the King of the
Romans, with him, (King Ferdinand), the Queen of Castile,
and Prince Charles, he is ready to sign it as soon as possible.
Could not do otherwise, since he loves the King of England
with the same affection as he would love his own begotten
son if he were alive. Sends his power to his ambassador
Luis Caroz. Begs her to tell the King of England that he
will always be ready to sacrifice his own person and the
resources of his own states, and those of the states of the
Queen of Castile, his daughter, whenever he can render
thereby a service to the King of England. If they are
sincerely united, and not in appearance only, their union will
not only benefit themselves, but the consequences of it will
be felt in the whole of Christendom and in the whole world.
Notwithstanding, it is desirable to gain the friendship of the
King of the Romans, and in order that the King of England
may see how much he has his wishes at heart, he has
despatched this courier for no other purpose than to take
this letter and the letters of John Stile to England.
Indorsed by his Highness : "To the Queen of England
Mansilla, the 3rd of December 1509."
Draft, written by Almazan. Spanish. pp. 2½.
S. E. Pat. Re.
Cap. c. l. Cas. d.
A. L. 2. f. 48.
33. Treaty between King Ferdinand The Catholic and
Maximilian, Emperor Elect.
1. The contracting parties promise to observe true friendship
towards one another. The Pope, the Kings of France,
England, and Portugal, together with the other confederates
of either of the contracting parties, are included in this
2. General friendship and peace is to be observed, not only
between the contracting princes, but also between their
subjects, of whatever rank or description they may be.
3. To King Ferdinand belongs the government of the
kingdom of Castile as long as his daughter Juana lives. If
Queen Juana dies during the lifetime of King Ferdinand
he is to have the government of the said kingdom of Castile
till Prince Charles attains the age of five and twenty years.
It does not make any difference whether King Ferdinand
begets a son or sons by his present wife.
4. The Emperor elect binds himself to make Prince Charles
ratify this treaty as soon as he attains the age prescribed by
law for such acts of ratification.
5. Pope Julius and the King of France are guardians of
6. King Ferdinand binds himself to pay, in the name of
Queen Juana, 20,000 scudos a year, which are to be expended
in the maintenance of Prince Charles and his sisters.
7. King Ferdinand is to pay Prince Charles 20,000 gold
scudos ad solem in the town of Antwerp.
8. King Ferdinand binds himself to behave towards Prince
Charles in all respects in the same manner as he would behave
towards the Infante Juan if he were alive.
9. In case Prince Charles wishes to come to Spain, King
Ferdinand is bound to send to one of the harbours of
Flanders a well equipped fleet on board which the Prince may
make the voyage. The Infante Ferdinand, however, must
in such case go on board the same fleet to Flanders, and
stay there as long as Prince Charles remains in Spain.
10. If Prince Charles prefers to go on board his own fleet
to Spain, he is at liberty to do so. In such case, however, he
is not permitted to bring over armed servants or soldiers in
11. King Ferdinand will pay the Emperor elect 50,000
scudos ad solem, which money is to be employed by the
Emperor in the conquest of such of his cities and towns as
are held by the Venetians.
12. King Ferdinand binds himself to pay Madame Margaret
the dower which was promised her when she married the
13. King Ferdinand promises to pay the Spanish debts of
the late King Philip out of the revenues of Castile.
14. If the daughters of King Philip (sisters of Prince
Charles) marry, they are to have their dowers out of the
revenues of Castile.
15. Both parties bind themselves to ratify this treaty.
16. The Pope and the Kings of France, England, and
Portugal are to be asked to be conservators of this treaty of
17. This treaty has been concluded in the presence of the
Cardinal George of Amboise, who was the mediator between
the contracting parties and the originator of this treaty.—
Blois, the 12th of December 1509.
Murcurino de Gattinara.
Andreas del Burgo.
Latin. Autograph. Written on parchment. Red seal. pp. 15.